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Guihan Marylou M VA SCI QUERI Research Coordinating Center, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL, USA. - - 2012
Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at high risk for pressure ulcers (PrUs) throughout their lifetime due to decreased mobility, lack of sensation, and other physiological changes. The high prevalence and recurrence rates, and costs associated with PrUs in veterans with SCI indicate the need for a reliable and ...
Guex J J - - 2012
The assessment of outcomes following treatment for chronic venous disease has been greatly improved over the last three decades. The personal opinion of the physician based on assessment of his own results has been replaced by more objective assessment based on well-defined criteria. The author describes and compares a number ...
Chen J - - 2012
A simple and sensitive HPLC method was developed to determine cefdinir (CAS 91832-40-5) in human plasma. The method was validated by investigating the accuracy and precision for intra- and inter-day runs in a linear concentration from 0.05-2.0 µg/ml. The object of this study was to compare the bioavailability of cefdinir capsule ...
Karoutsou E E Second Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Alexandra General Hospital, Athens, Greece. - - 2012
Obesity has recently become an epidemic. The rise in the childhood obesity incidence is of particular concern. High density caloric diets and physical inactivity are the main causes of obesity. Besides that, is generally accepted that obesity has a genetic predisposition, unchanged for the past few decades. The environment via ...
Tanhoffer Ricardo A - - 2012
To compare different methods of assessing energy expenditure (EE) and physical activity (PA) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) under community-dwelling conditions. A reference standard encompassing the doubly labelled water (DLW) technique, heart rate monitoring (FLEX-HR), a multi-sensor armband (SenseWear Armband (SWA)), and two PA recall questionnaires were employed ...
Pannier F - - 2012
Chronic venous disease (CVD) is one of the most common diseases in our population. Aside from venous symptoms like heaviness and pain, which are present in about 50% of the general population, signs of CVD include varicose veins (VVs), oedema, eczema, venous eczema, hyperpigmentation, white atrophy, lipodermatosclerosis and venous ulcers. ...
Lemay Julie - - 2012
Adult respirologists are often involved in the evaluation and treatment of young adult patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In this context, the most frequent respiratory complication is nocturnal and daytime hypoventilation related to respiratory muscle weakness. The present article describes cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy involving two brothers, 17 and ...
Batolar L S - - 2012
This study was undertaken to compare the bioavailability and pharmacokinetic properties of 3 marketed product of metformin (CAS 1115-70-4) extended/sustained release formulation in Indian male volunteers. Study was designed as an open-label, randomized, 3-treatment, single-dose, crossover, bioavailability study comparing 3 marketed brands of 500 mg metformin extended/sustained release tablets in 18 ...
Esmaeilbeigi Faranak - - 2012
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) is a rare form of interstitial lung disease (ILD) commonly found among healthy smokers. ILD is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and typically associated with a histopathological pattern of nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The present article describes an unusual case of DIP in ...
Recio Albert C - - 2012
patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) have many factors that are associated with pressure ulcer formation, including paralysis, loss of sensation, poor nutrition, anemia, and skin maceration related to incontinence. Treatment of these ulcers involves relieving pressure, improving nutrition and skin hygiene, treating infections, removing necrotic tissues, and applying the ...
Kivisto Peter - - 2012
Treating multiculturalism as a social fact, this article develops the argument that it ought to be construed as a form of political claims-making advanced by spokespersons on behalf of what can be described as communities of fate. After brief examinations of the claims-makers and those groups that claims are made ...
Anwar M A - - 2012
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has become a valued weapon in the phlebologist's armoury. It offers ease of use and reproducibility with good outcomes. However, as with all interventions, complications arise. In this review we examine the complications inherent with RFA and their relative risk, with their avoidance measures if available. Overall, ...
Wong Gloria G Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, - - 2012
Emotions can impact cognition by exerting both enhancing (e.g., better memory for emotional events) and impairing (e.g., increased emotional distractibility) effects (reviewed in (1)). Complementing our recent protocol (2) describing a method that allows investigation of the neural correlates of the memory-enhancing effect of emotion (see also (1, 3-5)), here ...
Kranz Sibylle - - 2012
The effect of dietary fiber intake on chronic diseases has been explored in adults but is largely unknown in children. This paper summarizes the currently existing evidence on the implications of dietary fiber intake on constipation, obesity, and diabetes in children. Current intake studies suggest that all efforts to increase ...
Kohli-Kochhar R - - 2012
CK-MB activity levels can be falsely elevated by the presence of macro CK, especially if immune-inhibition assays are used in the measurement. In patients with macro CK and cardiac pathology that could result in an elevated CK-MB activity, the diagnostic challenge lies in determining the true cause of the elevated ...
Cai Huan H Metabolism Unit, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease and other related neurodegenerative diseases are highly debilitating disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. Efforts towards developing effective treatments for these disorders have shown limited efficacy at best, with no true cure to this day being present. Recent work, both clinical and experimental, indicates that many neurodegenerative ...
Samy Luke - - 2012
Formed in the mid-nineteenth century, the building societies grew rapidly from their humble beginnings as localized ‘self-help’ institutions to become the dominant players in the house mortgage market by the interwar period. Throughout their early history, the societies presented themselves as champions of home ownership among the working classes, but ...
Noom M J - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">Summary </span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> The structural measurement of the results of treatment under the Dutch mental health services and a comparison of these results between mental health centres help to provide insight into the effectiveness of treatment in general practice. <span class="subtitle">aim </span>To provide an overview of the issues ...
Bennett Wendy L WL The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, 2024 East Monument Street, Room 2-611, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2012
In 2007, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality(AHRQ) published a systematic review on the comparative effectiveness of oral medications for type 2 diabetes. The review included studies on the benefits and risks of oral medications used for achieving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. AHRQ published an ...
Ratnapradipa Dhitinut - - 2012
A magnitude 9.0 earthquake rupturing the Earth's crust nearly 130 km off the east coast of Japan on March 11, 2011, triggered a tsunami that reached the Japanese coast approximately 30 minutes later. The combined effects of the earthquake and tsunami (known as the Tohoku event) devastated the area of ...
Mawoza T - - 2012
Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiaceae) is traditionally used for treating hypertension. The pharmacological effects of S birrea leaf aqueous extract (SBE) on rabbit and rat vascular smooth muscles were investigated in this study. Fresh S birrea leaves (1 kg) were air dried at 26 ± 1°C, milled, macerated in 2.5 l of ...
Valentine Helen - - 2012
CO(2) administration is a common euthanasia method for research mice, yet questions remain regarding whether CO(2) euthanasia is associated with pain and stress. Here we assessed whether premedication with acepromazine, midazolam, or anesthetic induction with isoflurane altered behavioral and physiologic parameters that may reflect pain or stress during CO(2) euthanasia. ...
Rosenthal Perry - - 2012
The traditional model of dry eye disease based on tear deficiency has presented us with many unanswered questions. Recent studies support the notion that dry eye-like symptoms represent non-specific corneal pain and provide new insights into the mechanisms that sustain the integrity of the optical tear layer. Thus, this enigmatic ...
Beelen R - - 2012
We report the outcome of 67 patients after endovascular treatment of chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis. Material and methods For evaluating outcome, patients were divided into three groups with respective outcome after three, six and twelve months. Assessment of outcome was done by a disease-specific quality-of-life ...
Stinckens N - - 2012
In the course of the last few years several ROM systems have been developed in which the measurements and feedback are restricted to the therapy outcome in terms of symptom reduction. In these ROM systems the emphasis is on the user-friendliness and on the ease with which the measurements can ...
Raja Dewan S - - 2012
Formaldehyde, which has been a well-established preservative for cadavers in the anatomy laboratory for years, has an odor that many anatomy students find unpleasant. Anatomy faculty and students, embalmers in funeral homes, histopathology laboratory workers, and other biological researchers are continually exposed to the toxic vapors of formaldehyde. The immediate ...
Matsha T E - - 2012
The aim of this pilot study was to assess the 30-year risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the South Africa population of mixed-ancestry in individuals with non-diabetic hyperglycaemia, and undiagnosed and self-reported diabetes. Participants were drawn from an urban community of the Bellville South suburb of Cape Town. In total, ...
Karababa Eminegül - - 2012
This study investigates the development of early modern Ottoman consumer culture. In particular, the democratization of consumption, which is a significant indicator of the development of western consumer cultures, is examined in relation to Ottoman society. Sixteenth- and seventeenth-century probate inventories of the town of Bursa combined with literary and ...
Lu H-M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of a new generic formulation of bicalutamide 50-mg tablets (test) and the available branded formulation (reference) to comply with regulatory criteria for marketing of the test product in China. This single-dose, randomized-sequence, open-label, 2-period crossover study was conducted in 40 ...
Conrad Bryan P - - 2012
Previous research has found that the log roll (LR) technique produces significant motion in the spinal column while transferring a supine patient onto a spine board. The purpose of this project was to determine whether log rolling a patient with an unstable spine from prone to supine with a pulling ...
Basu Trinanjan T Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai 400012, - - 2012
Radiotherapy-induced damage in the oral mucosa is the result of the deleterious effects of radiation, not only on the oral mucosa itself but also on the skin, adjacent salivary glands, bone, dentition, and masticatory apparatus. From basic skin care to dental and oral health maintenance, several ointments and lotions, oral ...
Crider Krista S - - 2012
DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification critical to normal genome regulation and development. The vitamin folate is a key source of the one carbon group used to methylate DNA. Because normal mammalian development is dependent on DNA methylation, there is enormous interest in assessing the potential for changes in folate ...
Andersen Lars L - - 2012
To determine the effect of specific resistance training on forearm pain and work disability in industrial technicians. Two-armed cluster randomised controlled trial of 20 weeks performed at two industrial production units in Copenhagen, Denmark. Working-age industrial technicians both with and without pain and disability. The training group (n=282) performed specific ...
Karabay C Y - - 2012
A patient who develops hypotension or angina pectoris after intravenous inotropic agents should be assessed for dynamic left ventricular outflow obstruction or the presence of a muscular bridge. In this case report, we present a patient with low ejection fraction who developed hypotension and angina pectoris with inotropic therapy after ...
Arnoldussen C W K P - - 2012
To present a novel scoring system for lower-extremity venous pathology (the LOVE score) and our experiences using it in our clinical practice to identify venous pathology with duplex ultrasound (DUS) and magnetic resonance venography (MRV). A total of 40 patients, 30 suspected of chronic venous disease and 10 with acute ...
Gurav S D - - 2012
JI-101, chemically 1-[1-(2-amino-pyridin-4-ylmethyl)-1H-indol-4-yl]-3-(5-bromo-2-methoxy-phenyl)-urea hydrochloride, is a novel orally active kinase inhibitor, which has shown potent in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity against a variety of cancer cell lines and xenografts. It is currently entering Phase II clinical development for the treatment of solid tumors. The aim of the study ...
Chiodo Anthony E AE University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2012
To demonstrate the utility of intrathecal baclofen in the treatment of secondary myoclonus of spinal origin. Case series. University medical center. Two patients with spinal myoclonus who required the use of an assistive device because of difficulty walking resulting in falls. Intrathecal baclofen management. Symptom management and mobility function. Both ...
Moura do Carmo Dominique F - - 2012
The essential oils obtained from leaves of Piper duckei and Piper demeraranum by hydrodistillation were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main constituents found in P. demeraranum oil were limonene (19.3%) and β-elemene (33.1%) and in P. duckei oil the major components found were germacrene D (14.7%) and trans-caryophyllene (27.1%). ...
Arnoldussen C W K P - - 2012
In this article we want to discuss the potential of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) imaging and propose a systematic approach to DVT management based on a DVT classification of the lower extremity; the LET classification. Identifying and reporting DVT more systematically allows for accurate stratification for initial patient ...
El Khoury A C - - 2012
Summary.  There are approximately 100 drugs in development to treat hepatitis C. Over the next decade, a number of new therapies will become available. A good understanding of the cost of hepatitis C sequelae is important for assessing the value of new treatments. The objective of this study was to ...
Cheng Min-Lee - - 2011
A novel test procedure can screen seroconversions in sentinel chickens with the commercially available VecTest designed to detect viral antigens, such as West Nile virus. The test requires minimum laboratory equipment and skills, and provides qualitative results in about 45 min, which are immediately available to vector control agencies for ...
Yabiku Mariann Midori - - 2011
To analyze the ocular wavefront aberrations in patients with facial dystonia treated with botulinum toxin A. Patients with benign essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm in activity underwent slit lamp examination and bilateral wavefront analysis under pharmacologic mydriasis using Alcon LADARvision® wavefront aberrometry system. After that, all patients were treated with ...
Grotz Travis E - - 2011
The majority of locoregional recurrences in melanoma occur in the form of intradermal or subcutaneous local or in-transit metastasis. In-transit melanoma represents contamination of the lymphatic space that, if treated, can result in long-term cure in a subset of patients. The management of in-transit metastases is challenging, since the treatments ...
Tzelikis Patrick Frensel de Moraes - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and complications related to the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) using the big-bubble technique. A prospective study of patients submitted to DALK using the big-bubble technique was conducted. After the procedure, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE), corneal topography, ...
Chaskopoulou Alexandra - - 2011
We assessed the efficacy of ultra-low volume aerial adulticiding with 2 new water-based, unsynergized formulations of Aqua-K-Othrin (2% deltamethrin) and Pesguard S102 (10% d-phenothrin) against the riceland mosquitoes of Greece. A helicopter with Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation, real-time weather recording, and spray dispersal modeling (AgDISP) was utilized to accurately ...
Asselin Kristina A - - 2011
An adult female baboon (Papio cynocephalus anubis) presented for progressive difficulty in endotracheal intubation. Over a 7-y period prior to presentation, she was anesthetized and intubated 67 times for imaging by using single-photon emission computed tomography or positron emission tomography. Laryngoscopic examination revealed tracheal stenosis. Because of increased anesthetic risk ...
Isabel Pasarín M - - 2011
Evaluation of Primary Care (PC) must include different perspectives. The objective of the study was to know the assessment of the PC in Catalonia and detecting whether or not a pattern of social inequality exists, through user's experience. A cross-sectional study was conducted, in a representative sample (n=13,292) of the ...
Farajollahi Ary - - 2011
A mouth aspirator with a bent glass tip was designed for adult mosquito collection and transportation. This aspirator has been utilized for mosquito laboratory and operational research in New Jersey for >60 years. We provide schematics and instruction for construction of this inexpensive and simple mouth aspirator, which offers improved ...
Ledoux Tracey A - - 2011
Objective: This study sought to determine which components of youths' diets were related to adiposity while controlling for potential often-neglected confounders such as moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and dietary reporting error. Secondary goals of this study were to determine the extent to which MVPA confounded the associations between ...
Dulaney Caleb R - - 2011
3D volume rendered computed tomography (3D-CT) produces detailed, three-dimensional models that can be rotated and viewed in any orientation to provide a more natural and functional view of the patient's anatomy. This technology is especially beneficial in diagnosing and repairing cardiovascular anomalies. Three cases are presented where 3D-CT was used ...
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