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Results 501 - 550 of 1061
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Monedero J Leal - - 2012
Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is frequent and underestimated as both symptoms and signs are not specific. Furthermore, patients consult general practitioners as well as specialist gynaecologists, urologists, vascular surgeons and phlebologists who are frequently unaware of this condition. Investigation protocol must first eliminate other diseases with similar clinical disorders and ...
Kumar Pawan P Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Immunotherapy, Blood Research - - 2012
Influenza virus is a respiratory pathogen that causes a high degree of morbidity and mortality every year in multiple parts of the world. Therefore, precise diagnosis of the infecting strain and rapid high-throughput screening of vast numbers of clinical samples is paramount to control the spread of pandemic infections. Current ...
Buwalda V J A - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">summary</span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> An evaluation of the most commonly used <span class="abbreviation">rom</span> measures in Dutch psychiatry is lacking, both for severe mental illnesses and for common psychiatric disorders. <span class="subtitle">aim</span> To provide an overview of the characteristics and quality of outcome measures. <span class="subtitle">method</span> A literature study yielded six ...
Almarzouki A A AA Department of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. - - 2012
A 30-year-old pregnant female was diagnosed to have thyrotoxicosis (TSH= 0.005 µU/ml) at 13th week of gestation. Propylthiouracil (PTU; 200 mg daily) was prescribed to her and four weekly follow ups by the endocrinologist and obstetrician were ensured. At each examination TSH, FT4 and FT3 levels were normal and she became ...
Toh B - - 2012
Most studies aimed at understanding the link between inflammation and cancer progression have focused on macrophages. In a recent study published in PLoS Biology, Toh B et al (2011) Mesenchymal transition and dissemination of cancer cells is driven by myeloid-derived suppressor cells infiltrating the primary tumorPLoS Biol9 e1001162, we show ...
Zeilig Gabi - - 2012
Remunerative employment is a major concern of individuals with chronic disabilities, among them, those with longstanding poliomyelitis (LSP). Although LSP is not rare there are almost no data related to work participation. The aims of the current study were to determine the effects of a number of social and functional ...
Mialon Hugo M - - 2012
In this paper, we develop a signaling model of rational lovemaking. In the act of lovemaking, a man and a woman send each other possibly deceptive signals about their true state of ecstasy. For example, if one of the partners is not in ecstasy, then he or she may decide ...
Vasquez M A - - 2012
Outcome assessment is an important criterion for the objective determination of the risks and benefits of a given procedure. The choice of an assessment instrument is critical in order to generate meaningful and relevant data. Assessment instruments are platforms for comparison and stratification of information that provide a common ground ...
Siega-Riz Anna Maria - - 2012
Obesity among women of childbearing age is of paramount importance because of its association with multiple adverse health outcomes for the mother and fetus once a woman becomes pregnant. Obesity is more prevalent among women of lower socioeconomic status and of color who often times lack health insurance. This health ...
Tulloch Joanie - - 2012
To test, modify and validate a set of illustrations depicting different levels of asthma control and common asthma triggers in pediatric patients (and⁄or their parents) with chronic asthma who presented to the emergency department at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario. Semistructured interviews using guessability and translucency questionnaires ...
Wissa Amany R - - 2012
To find the relationship between axial length (AL) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements, using partial coherence interferometry (PCI) and A-scan ultrasonography (US). National Eye Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Retrieving and comparing biometric data from the files of 163 consecutive patients seeking cataract extraction by PCI (IOLMaster) and US (Sonomed). AL ...
Corgnet Brice - - 2012
We use peer assessments as a tool to allocate joint profits in a real-effort team experiment. We find that using this incentive mechanism reduces team performance. More specifically, we show that teams composed of acquaintances rather than strangers actually underperform in a context of peer evaluations. We conjecture that peer ...
Gloviczki P - - 2012
Endovascular reconstruction has become the standard treatment of chronic obstruction of large veins. Stenting is done with increasing frequency to treat iliac venous obstructions, with or without associated inferior vena caval or femoral vein occlusions. Open reconstruction with venous bypass is performed today in patients who fail attempts at venous ...
Hoogstra Gerke J - - 2012
This article summarizes a spatial econometric analysis of local population and employment growth in the Netherlands, with specific reference to impacts of gender and space. The simultaneous equations model used distinguishes between population- and gender-specific employment groups, and includes autoregressive and cross-regressive spatial lags to detect relations both within and ...
Strijkers R H W - - 2012
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a common, debilitating complication following deep venous thrombosis. PTS is a syndrome for which it has been difficult to provide a clear definition. PTS was defined as chronic venous signs/symptoms after a deep venous thrombosis. A number of scales are available to diagnose PTS, but ...
Chan Lai Gwen - - 2012
To estimate the prevalence of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) among HIV patients in a multiethnic South Asian population, describe the pattern of neurocognitive impairment in HAND and the factors associated with HAND. A cross-sectional survey of HIV-positive outpatients and inpatients. The sole referral centre for HIV/AIDS treatment in Singapore. Inclusion ...
Carroll Jenna C - - 2012
In both men and women, age-related loss of sex steroid hormones has been linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The primary female hormone estrogen, and the primary male hormone testosterone have numerous protective effects in the brain relevant to the prevention of AD such as the promotion ...
Matsumiya Lynn C - - 2012
Postoperative pain management in animals is complicated greatly by the inability to recognize pain. As a result, the choice of analgesics and their doses has been based on extrapolation from greatly differing pain models or the use of measures with unclear relevance to pain. We recently developed the Mouse Grimace ...
Lugli M - - 2012
The possible role of the venous system in the pathogenesis of chronic neurodegenerative diseases has been hypothesized for decades. Quite recently, the description of a venous condition defined as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) and its strong association with multiple sclerosis (MS) has brought back the attention of the scientific ...
Chaturvedi Pankaj - - 2012
Objective: The aims of this study are to evaluate the impact of frozen section in achieving adequate surgical margin and to study the accuracy of frozen section in detection of occult metastases. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of 877 patients with squamous cell ...
Yang Dawei - - 2012
Acute exacerbations of interstitial lung disease present as clinical deteriorations, with progressive hypoxemia and parenchymal consolidation not related to infection, heart failure or thromboembolic disease. Following single lung transplantation, patients receive maintenance immunosuppression, which could mitigate the development of acute exacerbations in the native lung. A 66-year-old man with fibrotic, ...
Irvine Leslie - - 2012
This study examines the interactions between homeless pet owners and the domiciled public with a focus on how the activities of pet ownership help construct positive personal identities. Homeless people are often criticized for having pets. They counter these attacks using open and contained responses to stigmatization. More often, they ...
Dexter D - - 2012
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequencey ablation have become the procedures of choice for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency. Their minimally invasive technique and safety profile when compared with operative saphenectomy have led to this change. As EVLA has replaced saphenectomy as the procedure of choice, the distribution of ...
Li Jian J Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The George Washington University, Washington D.C., - - 2012
Carbon nanostructures such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and graphene attract a deluge of interest of scholars nowadays due to their very promising application for molecular sensors, field effect transistor and super thin and flexible electronic devices(1-4). Anodic arc discharge supported by the erosion of the anode material is one ...
Dziallas P - - 2012
Etiologic diagnosis of a retrobulbar process is essential for the initiation of a causative therapy. Penetrating foreign bodies and tooth root abscesses, but also neoplastic processes have to be considered as a differential diagnosis for a retrobulbar swelling. The objective of this case report of a tiger with a retrobulbar ...
Headen Irene E - - 2012
This review examines published literature to answer 2 questions: 1) Are there racial-ethnic differences in excessive or inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention (PPWR)? and 2) Is there evidence that approaches to promote healthy weight during and after pregnancy should vary by race-ethnicity? We identified a limited ...
Pinto Rafael Zambelli - - 2012
To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of analgesic and adjuvant pain drugs typically administered in primary care for the management of patients with sciatica. Systematic review. Data source International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, PsycINFO, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL, and LILACS. Randomised controlled trials assessing the efficacy ...
Chadwick Wayne - - 2012
The extensive prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) places a tremendous burden physiologically, socially and economically upon those directly suffering and those caring for sufferers themselves. Considering the steady increases in numbers of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's, the number of effective pharmacotherapeutic strategies to tackle the disease is still relatively few. ...
Sedghipour Mohammad Reza - - 2012
Numerous videokeratographic methods are used in the diagnosis of keratoconus. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the KISA% index with the keratometry (K) value, inferior-superior (I-S) value, relative skewing of the steepest radial axes (SRAX), and keratometric astigmatism (AST) indices in 25 patients ...
Hayden Dolores - - 2012
Seventy years ago, General Motors’ Highways and Horizons exhibit at the World’s Fair, designed by Norman Bel Geddes and Eero Saarinen, promoted demand for cars and federal highways without any concern for environmental sustainability, the theme of our 2010 conference. The main exhibit included a sequence of four parts (entrance ...
Mulder C L - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">Summary </span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> Patients with severe mental illness <span class="abbreviation">(smi</span>) generally receive long-term treatment. Interrupting treatment or leaving treatment early can lead to problems with the interpretation of routine outcome monitoring (<span class="abbreviation">rom</span>) data. <span class="subtitle">aim </span>To describe the link between early drop-out and treatment duration on the ...
Rai Shalu - - 2012
Aim: The aim of the study has been to quantitatively estimate and compare the circulating immune complexes (CIC) in pre-malignant and malignant lesions of oral cavity and to serially monitor the CIC levels in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) during / following radiotherapy as to assess the status of the ...
Mikkelsen J D JD Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshopitalet, Denmark. - - 2012
The magnocellular neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic nuclei (SON) either contain vasopressin or oxytocin. Even though both hormones are released after systemic administration of nicotine, the mechanism through which the two populations of neurons are activated is not known. This study was carried out in the rat ...
Burns Anthony S - - 2012
Great strides have been made in reducing morbidity and mortality following spinal cord injury (SCI), and improving long-term health and community participation; however, this progress has not been uniform across the globe. This review highlights differences in global epidemiology of SCI and the ongoing challenges in meeting the needs of ...
Bickford-Smith Vivian - - 2012
Jim Dyos, founding-father of British urban history, argued that cities have commonly acknowledged “individual characteristics” that distinguish them. Such distinctive characteristics, though usually based on material realities, are promoted through literary and visual representations. This article argues that those who seek to convey a city’s distinctiveness will do so not ...
Chasan-Taber Lisa - - 2012
Pregnancy has been proposed as a critical period for the development of subsequent maternal overweight and/or obesity. Excessive gestational weight gain is, in turn, associated with maternal complications such as cesarean delivery, hypertension, preeclampsia, impaired glucose tolerance, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Although there is substantial evidence that targeting at-risk groups ...
Guo X - - 2012
Prehypertension appears to be a precursor of hypertension and has been recognised as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Recognition of prehypertension provides important opportunities for preventing hypertension and CVD. We aimed to investigate the worldwide prevalence and heterogeneity of prehypertension. We performed a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies ...
Fletcher Jason M - - 2012
This paper uses national longitudinal data and several new empirical strategies to examine the consequences of teenage fatherhood. The key contribution is to compare economic outcomes of young fathers to young men whose partners experienced a miscarriage rather than a live birth. The results suggest that teenage fatherhood decreases years ...
Gloviczki P - - 2012
Recently published evidence-based guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and the American Venous Forum (AVF) include recommendations for evaluation, classification, outcome assessment and therapy of patients with varicose veins and more advanced chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). The need for such guidelines has been evident since imaging techniques and ...
Van den Berg P J - - 2012
A new venous disorder, chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has been proposed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is a vascular condition characterized by an impaired cerebrospinal venous drainage due to obstructions in the main extracranial cerebrovenous outflow routes (i.e. internal jugular veins [IJV] and/or azygos veins). In this ...
Abumrad Nada A NA Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2012
The International Life Science Institute North America and the American Society for Nutrition annual Functional Foods for Health Symposium was held 9 April 2011. Evidence that foods and their components offer health benefits beyond basic nutrition continues to captivate the interest of the scientific community, government agencies, and the general ...
Howes Melanie-Jayne R - - 2012
Ethnobotany encompasses the cultural uses of plants by humans, including their uses as medicines (ethnopharmacology). The reputed medicinal properties of plants have been documented for centuries in different cultures, and there are many plant species that have been traditionally used for memory disorders, which are now being explored to determine ...
Hipkin Stephen - - 2012
Exploiting hitherto unexamined London port book data, this article shows that during the last quarter of the seventeenth century the coastal metropolitan corn import trade was twice the size that historians relying on the work of Gras have assumed it to have been. More significantly, it demonstrates that Gras's failure ...
Boer F - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">Summary </span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> In psychiatry <span class="abbreviation">rom </span>is more difficult to use with children and adolescents than with other subject groups. In 2008 a Dutch consortium was set up to study the use of rom with children and adolescents (<span class="abbreviation">romckap</span>). <span class="subtitle">aim</span> To investigate specific problems relating ...
Patil Vijay V Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of metronomic chemotherapy in the palliative care setting. To study the toxicity profile and efficacy of metronomic chemotherapy for palliation in oral cavity cancers. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Subjects receiving metronomic chemotherapy from August 2010 to January 2011 for palliation in oral cancers subjected ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2012
Perinatal outcome data for 2010 reveal a continuation of the recent decline in total number of live births in South Dakota and an increase in the percent of low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns. This increase in LBW, apparent in both the very-low-birth-weight and mid-low birth-weight cohorts of newborns, contributed to an increase ...
Kuang Hai-Xue - - 2012
Two new iridoid glycosides, named williamsoside C (1) and williamsoside D (2) were isolated from the root barks of Sambucus williamsii Hance. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis (1D, 2D NMR and HRESIMS) and chemical studies as α-D-glucopyranosyl (1→2)-β-D-fructofuranosyl (4→6)-β-morroniside (1) and 7β-O-ethyl morroniside-(6'-O-7'')-β-morroniside (2), ...
Bækgaard N - - 2012
To describe the background for - and mechanism of - catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) accessed via the popliteal vein. Focus is on safety and efficacy. From the Copenhagen experience we have looked into the systematically registrated risk factors, peri- and postprocedure complications for patients consecutively ...
Mutlu O - - 2012
Attention, working memory and long-term memory dysfunctions are the most commonly seen cognitive impairments in schizophrenic patients. Conflicting results exist regarding the effects of antipsychotics on cognitive abnormalities. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of atypical antipsychotic drugs olanzapine (0.4, 0.8 and 1.25 mg/kg, i.p.) and clozapine ...
Lando H M - - 2012
Objective. This is a report of an 18 year old black female patient with primary hyperparathyroidism and a sellar/parasellar brown tumor and unusual nonresponsiveness to 1,25 vitamin D administration post parathyroidectomy but responsiveness postoperatively to 25 vitamin D administration.Method. Report the history, physical exam, laboratory, and radiological findings of the patient with ...
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