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Results 501 - 550 of 1061
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Mays Nicholas - - 2012
Starting in 2002, the UK Labour government of 1997-2010 introduced a series of changes to the National Health Service (NHS) in England designed to increase individual NHS patient choice of place of elective hospital care and competition among public and private providers of elective hospital services for NHS-funded patients. In ...
Waddell Glen R - - 2012
I consider the alcohol consumption of opposite-gender peers as explanatory to adolescent sexual intercourse and demonstrate that female sexual activity is higher where there is higher alcohol consumption among male peers. This relationship is robust to school fixed effects, cannot be explained by broader cohort effects or general antisocial behaviors ...
Rabe E - - 2012
The first CEAP (clinical, aetiological, anatomical and pathological elements) consensus document was published after a consensus conference of the American Venous Forum, held at the sixth annual meeting of the AVF in February 1994 in Maui, Hawaii. In the following years the CEAP classification was published in many international journals ...
Karabay C Y - - 2012
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a common cyanotic congenital heart disease. The most important late complications observed after repair of TOF are atrio-ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. We present a rare case of fatal embolism and sudden cardiac death in a 36-year-old patient, 30 years after the operation for ...
Hockenhull J C - - 2012
It has been estimated that violence accounts for more than 1.6 million deaths worldwide each year and these fatal assaults represent only a fraction of all assaults that actually occur. The problem has widespread consequences for the individual and for the wider society in physical, psychological, social and economic terms. ...
Cavezzi A - - 2012
Foam sclerotherapy may result in drug and/or gas-related complications of a generalized or localized nature. Significant complications include anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions (very rare), deep vein thrombosis (1-3%), stroke (0.01%), superficial venous thrombosis (4.4%), tissue necrosis (variable frequency), oedema (0.5%) and nerve damage (0.2%). Cosmetic complications include telangiectatic matting (15-24%) and pigmentation ...
Seyler Thomas - - 2012
In 2006, several southern states in India reported outbreaks of chikungunya. In the metropolis of Chennai, the first laboratory-confirmed chikungunya cases had an onset of symptoms at the end of May 2006. The authors reviewed surveillance data in which a suspected case of chikungunya was defined as a patient presenting ...
Kies D D - - 2012
Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating medical condition with a host of potential causes. Although often overlooked, pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is a well-established cause of chronic pelvic pain due to abnormal ovarian and pelvic varices. The diagnosis is established with modern non-invasive cross-sectional imaging, preferably contrast enhanced magnetic resonance ...
Carlier I V E - - 2012
Summary <span class="subtitle">background</span> Routine Outcome Monitoring (<span class="abbreviation">rom)</span> is an important instrument for measuring the effectiveness of treatment and has been implemented in the Dutch mental health care system. <span class="subtitle">aim</span> To review the effectiveness of <span class="abbreviation">rom</span> with regard to diagnosis, treatment, and other outcomes. <span class="subtitle">method </span>The literature ...
Millar Ross - - 2012
To examine whether the Health System Reforms delivered the promise of being a coherent and mutually supporting reform programme; to identify the underlying programme theory of the reform programme; to reflect on whether lessons have been learned. Documentary analysis mapping the implicit and explicit programme theories about how the reforms ...
Brown Sarah - - 2012
Using a sequence of questions from the 1996 US Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), we explore the implications of interpersonal differences in parent's attitudes towards risk for the academic test scores of their children focusing on information drawn from the 1997 Child Development Supplement of the PSID. In addition, ...
Meissner M H - - 2012
Varicose veins occur in up to one-third of Western populations and are associated with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic, isolated varicose veins (C2 disease) to venous ulceration. While the development of less invasive treatment options, such as endovenous ablation and sclerotherapy, have been well accepted by patients they have led ...
Gulati A - - 2012
ETB receptor agonist, IRL-1620 (or SPI-1620) presently in US Phase 1 clinical trial, has been demonstrated to selectively and transiently increase tumor blood flow. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of IRL-1620 on radiation therapy in tumor bearing mice inoculated with Dalton's Lymphoma Ascites cells. Tumors were ...
Guex J J - - 2012
The assessment of outcomes following treatment for chronic venous disease has been greatly improved over the last three decades. The personal opinion of the physician based on assessment of his own results has been replaced by more objective assessment based on well-defined criteria. The author describes and compares a number ...
Dholam Kanchan P - - 2012
Surgical treatment of head and neck cancer frequently results in defects that challenge conventional prosthetic rehabilitation. Successful rehabilitation using tissue supported dentures in such cases has been reported to be less than 20%. With the loss of jaw bones and thus the support, there is loss of retention to a ...
Irvine Leslie - - 2012
This study examines the interactions between homeless pet owners and the domiciled public with a focus on how the activities of pet ownership help construct positive personal identities. Homeless people are often criticized for having pets. They counter these attacks using open and contained responses to stigmatization. More often, they ...
Dexter D - - 2012
Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequencey ablation have become the procedures of choice for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency. Their minimally invasive technique and safety profile when compared with operative saphenectomy have led to this change. As EVLA has replaced saphenectomy as the procedure of choice, the distribution of ...
Grixti Andre - - 2012
Ocular surface disorders are frequently encountered in patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Because of significant impairment of major organs, treatment is focused on the management of organ failures. Therefore, ophthalmological complications are frequently overlooked in this setting. To identify the types and frequencies of ocular surface disorders reported in ...
Oudejans S C C - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">summary</span> <span class="subtitle">background </span>Three substance abuse treatment centres set up a benchmarking project for routine outcome management (<span class="abbreviation">rom)</span> of structured cognitive behavioral treatments for outpatients with a substance use disorder. <span class="subtitle">aim</span> To present the results of five years benchmarking. <span class="subtitle">method </span>All patients were included at intake ...
Gurav S D - - 2012
JI-101, chemically 1-[1-(2-amino-pyridin-4-ylmethyl)-1H-indol-4-yl]-3-(5-bromo-2-methoxy-phenyl)-urea hydrochloride, is a novel orally active kinase inhibitor, which has shown potent in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity against a variety of cancer cell lines and xenografts. It is currently entering Phase II clinical development for the treatment of solid tumors. The aim of the study ...
Moura do Carmo Dominique F - - 2012
The essential oils obtained from leaves of Piper duckei and Piper demeraranum by hydrodistillation were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main constituents found in P. demeraranum oil were limonene (19.3%) and β-elemene (33.1%) and in P. duckei oil the major components found were germacrene D (14.7%) and trans-caryophyllene (27.1%). ...
Arnoldussen C W K P - - 2012
In this article we want to discuss the potential of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) imaging and propose a systematic approach to DVT management based on a DVT classification of the lower extremity; the LET classification. Identifying and reporting DVT more systematically allows for accurate stratification for initial patient ...
Jin L - - 2012
A sensitive and specific method was developed and validated for the determination of mitiglinide in plasma using LC-MS/MS. The effect of gemfibrozil on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered mitiglinide in rats was investigated. The validated method in positive electrospray ionization mode using MRM and fully validated according to commonly accepted ...
Snell K D M - - 2012
This article is based on unique ‘narratives of the poor’, that is, letters from poor people to their parishes of settlement, petitions to the London Refuge of the Destitute, and letters from mothers to the London Foundling Hospital, with supportive evidence from newspapers. These display fundamental concepts among the English ...
Chadwick Wayne - - 2012
The extensive prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) places a tremendous burden physiologically, socially and economically upon those directly suffering and those caring for sufferers themselves. Considering the steady increases in numbers of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's, the number of effective pharmacotherapeutic strategies to tackle the disease is still relatively few. ...
Hayden Dolores - - 2012
Seventy years ago, General Motors’ Highways and Horizons exhibit at the World’s Fair, designed by Norman Bel Geddes and Eero Saarinen, promoted demand for cars and federal highways without any concern for environmental sustainability, the theme of our 2010 conference. The main exhibit included a sequence of four parts (entrance ...
Mulder C L - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">Summary </span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> Patients with severe mental illness <span class="abbreviation">(smi</span>) generally receive long-term treatment. Interrupting treatment or leaving treatment early can lead to problems with the interpretation of routine outcome monitoring (<span class="abbreviation">rom</span>) data. <span class="subtitle">aim </span>To describe the link between early drop-out and treatment duration on the ...
Rai Shalu - - 2012
Aim: The aim of the study has been to quantitatively estimate and compare the circulating immune complexes (CIC) in pre-malignant and malignant lesions of oral cavity and to serially monitor the CIC levels in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) during / following radiotherapy as to assess the status of the ...
Pittaluga P - - 2012
Lymphatic complication (LC) after varicose veins (VVs) surgery is an annoying event with a variable frequency in the literature. Retrospective study reviewing all surgeries carried out for VVs from January 2000 to October 2010. Postoperative LC we reported: lymphatic fistula, lymphocele including the minor ones and lymphoedema. During the period ...
Burt Jenni - - 2012
Among patients with long-term conditions, to determine the prevalence and benefits of care planning discussions and of care plans. Data from the 2009/10 General Practice Patient Survey, a cross sectional survey of 5.5 million patients in England. Outcomes were patient reports of: care planning discussions; perceived benefit from care planning ...
Földvári Peter - - 2012
The role of human capital in economic growth is now largely uncontested. One indicator of human capital frequently used for the pre-1900 period is age heaping, which has been increasingly used to measure gender-specific differences. In this note, we find that in some historical samples, married women heap significantly less ...
Salley B - - 2012
A new configuration of the fluid dynamic gauging technique for measuring soft layers on surfaces was used to monitor the growth of a cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. WH 5701, on stainless steel (SS), glass and an indium tinoxide (ITO) on a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substratum. The biofilm thickness increased steadily over ...
Liska J - - 2012
Objective. The proposed therapeutical effect of phytol (PHY), a precursor of the phytanic acid (PHYA), on mammary tumours induced with 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea (MNU), was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats in combination with vitamin D analogue, Seocalcitol (SEO).Methods. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered intraperitoneally with MNU (50 mg/kg of body weight) at the 46th ...
Pistilli B - - 2012
Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms commonly occurring in the gastrointestinal tract or lungs but can occur in other regions. Primary ovarian NET account for 5% of all NET and 0.1% of all ovarian malignancies. In metastatic disease, the therapeutic goal is to extend survival and to ...
Malgor R D - - 2012
Chronic venous disease (CVD) is very prevalent and causes a significant financial burden in Western societies. Accurate diagnosis is mandatory to define the anatomy and pathophysiology involved in the disease process. Duplex ultrasound (DU) is a well-established non-invasive tool used for varicose veins work-up that, most recently, has also been ...
McCafferty Sara - - 2012
The world class commissioning (WCC) programme was introduced in the English NHS in 2007 to develop primary care trust (PCT) commissioning of health services. There has been limited evaluation of health commissioning initiatives over the years and in particular little is known about how commissioners interpret and implement initiatives and ...
Delmont Matt - - 2012
This article examines television and housing as sites of struggle over segregation in postwar Philadelphia. WFIL-TV, which was part of Walter Annenberg’s media empire, broadcast to a four state region it called “WFIL-adelphia,” and emphasized the station’s ability to help advertisers reach millions of these regional consumers in parts of ...
Singh S P - - 2012
Aims: To test the spectral reproducibility of earlier findings under ex vivo conditions and to record good quality in vivo spectra in clinically implementable time in finger print region. Materials and Methods: Spectra from 20 ex vivo tissues (10 normal and 10 tumor) were recorded using fiber optic probe coupled ...
Lanteri Alexis Caitlin - - 2012
Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to compare the severity of unilateral cleft lips in populations of Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Northern Africa and the Middle East. We hypothesize that severity of unilateral cleft lips shows significant variation between these populations. Methods: Medical photographs of 780 patients with ...
Kelleher D - - 2012
Varicose veins are an extremely common condition causing morbidity; however, with current financial pressures, treatment of such benign diseases is controversial. Many procedures allow the treatment of varicose veins with minimal cost and extensive literature supporting differing approaches. Here we explore the underlying evidence base for treatment options, the effect ...
Batolar L S - - 2012
This study was undertaken to compare the bioavailability and pharmacokinetic properties of 3 marketed product of metformin (CAS 1115-70-4) extended/sustained release formulation in Indian male volunteers. Study was designed as an open-label, randomized, 3-treatment, single-dose, crossover, bioavailability study comparing 3 marketed brands of 500 mg metformin extended/sustained release tablets in 18 ...
Kivisto Peter - - 2012
Treating multiculturalism as a social fact, this article develops the argument that it ought to be construed as a form of political claims-making advanced by spokespersons on behalf of what can be described as communities of fate. After brief examinations of the claims-makers and those groups that claims are made ...
Anwar M A - - 2012
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has become a valued weapon in the phlebologist's armoury. It offers ease of use and reproducibility with good outcomes. However, as with all interventions, complications arise. In this review we examine the complications inherent with RFA and their relative risk, with their avoidance measures if available. Overall, ...
Stranahan Alexis M - - 2012
Physical activity has been correlated with a reduced incidence of cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease in human populations. Although data from intervention-based randomized trials is scarce, there is some indication that exercise may confer protection against age-related deficits in cognitive function. Data from animal models suggests that exercise, in the ...
Savage Julian - - 2012
Up to 18% of people in industrialised societies are mildly affected by chronic tinnitus, and 0.5% report tinnitus having a severe effect on their daily life. Tinnitus can be associated with hearing loss, acoustic neuromas, drug toxicity, ear diseases, and depression. Tinnitus can last for many years, and can interfere ...
Tan Anna - - 2012
Case series on osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis (OOKP) published in English from 1950-June 2010 were identified in Medline/PubMed. Indications for surgery, visual acuity, anatomical survival, complication and repeat surgery rates were compared among the different studies. Our own case series is a retrospective review of all OOKP surgeries performed in our center ...
Zitman F G - - 2012
<span class="subtitle">Summary</span> <span class="subtitle">background</span> Since 2002 the Leiden University Medical Center and the psychiatric hospital Rivierduinen have been using routine outcome monitoring in patients suffering from mood, anxiety and somatoform disorders (<span class="abbreviation">rom-mas</span>). <span class="subtitle">aim</span> To describe the <span class="abbreviation">rom-mas</span> set-up, explain how the system was implemented and report on ...
Optis Michael - - 2012
The impact of mold growth in homes located on First Nations reserves in Canada is part of a national housing crisis that has not been adequately studied. Nearly half of the homes on reserves contain mold at levels of contamination associated with high rates of respiratory and other illnesses to ...
Holtermann Andreas - - 2012
Men with low physical fitness and high occupational physical activity are recently shown to have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. The association between occupational physical activity with cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality may also depend on leisure time physical activity. A prospective cohort study. The Copenhagen ...
Van Leeuwen Marco H D - - 2012
Guilds provided for masters' and journeymen's burial, sickness, old age, and widowhood. Guild welfare was of importance to artisans, to the functioning of guilds, to the myriad of urban social relations, and to the political economy. However, it is an understated and neglected aspect of guild activities. This article looks ...
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