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Vaidyanathan Vaidyanathan Ganesan - - 2012
The DNA sequence effect is an important structural factor for determining the extent and nature of carcinogen-induced mutational and repair outcomes. In the present study we used two 16-mer template sequences, TG*A, d(5'-CTTCTTG*ACCTCATTC-3'), and CG*A, d(5'-CTTCTCG*ACCTCATTC-3'), to study the impact of the 5'-flanking nucleotide (T vs. C) on aminofluorene (AF)-induced ...
Michalareas George - - 2012
In this work, we investigate the feasibility to estimating causal interactions between brain regions based on multivariate autoregressive models (MAR models) fitted to magnetoencephalographic (MEG) sensor measurements. We first demonstrate the theoretical feasibility of estimating source level causal interactions after projection of the sensor-level model coefficients onto the locations of ...
Lindberg Susan - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 The experiences of parents of children with severe autism in connection with their children's anaesthetics, in the presence and absence of the perioperative dialogue: a hermeneutic study The aim of this study was to obtain an understanding of what parents of children with severe autism ...
Zhang Chao - - 2012
Soybean-protein isolate (SPI) has excellent film forming capacity. However, the water vapor permeability of SPI film is high, which will cause the moisture lose of packaged products. The effect of high-pressure homogenization (HPH) on the water vapor permeability of SPI-beeswax films was evaluated. The HPH was effective to lower the ...
Goldberg Yael - - 2012
Perineal cysts are quite frequent, as almost 2% of women will develop symptoms related to Bartholin or Gardner cysts. Mostly these cysts derive from embryological remnants, ectopic tissue or form as epithelial inclusion cysts. These structures are usually asymptomatic unless they are complicated by infection. We report the sonographic and ...
Passariello A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhoea is a frequent problem in children with heavy economic burden for families and society. AIM: To test the efficacy of a new synbiotic formulation containing Lactobacillus paracasei B21060, arabinogalactan and xilooligosaccharides in children with acute diarrhoea. METHODS: Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, including children (age 3-36 m) with acute ...
Kucukdurmaz Zekeriya - - 2012
Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of controlled and limited volume change by the blood donation model to the right ventricular (RV) function via different echocardiographic parameters in healthy adults. Methods: Study population was composed of 71 healthy subjects who were volunteers for blood donation and evaluated before and ...
Milekovic Tomislav - - 2012
Brain-machine interface (BMI) devices make errors in decoding. Detecting these errors online from neuronal activity can improve BMI performance by modifying the decoding algorithm and by correcting the errors made. Here, we study the neuronal correlates of two different types of errors which can both be employed in BMI: (i) ...
Abdel Hamid Magdi M - - 2012
Context: Content uniformity (CU) testing was developed and improved to control the effectiveness and safety of dosage units. Many modifications of compendial CU test have been introduced and several alternatives have been suggested. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the degree of suitability of current USP CU test for low ...
Gersemann M - - 2012
Abstract.  Gersemann M, Wehkamp J, Stange EF (Robert Bosch Hospital, Stuttgart; Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Stuttgart and University of Tübingen, Tübingen; Germany). Innate immune dysfunction in inflammatory bowel disease (Review). J Intern Med 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02515.x. The pathogenetic mechanisms that cause the two types of inflammatory bowel ...
Chen Hui-Lung - - 2012
We carried out a computational study of radical reactions of RNCN (R = H, F, Cl, Br, CH3) + NO to investigate how the substitution can influence their corresponding energy barriers. The preferable reactive sites of RNCN radicals with various substituents are calculated by employing the Fukui functions and hardandsoft ...
van Agthoven Ton - - 2012
Previously we have identified a panel of breast cancer anti-estrogen resistance (BCAR) genes. Several of these genes have clinical relevance because mRNA or protein levels associate with tamoxifen resistance or tumor aggressiveness. We postulated that changes in activation status of protein signaling networks induced by BCAR genes may provide better ...
Gu Li H - - 2012
Gu LH, Fang H, Li FH, Li P, Zhu CX, Zhu JJ, Zhang SJ. Prediction of early hepatic artery thrombosis by intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound in pediatric segmental liver transplantation. Clin Transplant 2012 DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2011.01580.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Early hepatic artery thrombosis (eHAT) after transplantation ...
Burke Ian Terence - - 2012
Results are presented from X-ray absorption spectroscopy based analysis of As, Cr and V speciation within samples of bauxite ore processing residue (red mud) collected from the spill site at Ajka, Western Hungary. Cr K-edge XANES analysis found that Cr is present as Cr3+ substituted into hematite, consistent with TEM ...
Valdecantos Mp - - 2012
Non-alcoholic steatosis is an important hepatic complication of obesity linked to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Lipoic acid (LA) has been reported to have beneficial effects on mitochondrial function and to attenuate oxidative stress. The sirtuin family has been demonstrated to play an important role in the regulation of mitochondrial ...
Schmitt Christian Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This investigation focused on a comparison of clinical and histological characteristics after sinus floor augmentation with biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP, Straumann BoneCeramic(®) ), anorganic bovine bone (ABB, Geistlich Bio-Oss(®) ), mineralized cancellous bone allograft (MCBA, Zimmer Puros(®) ), or autologous bone (AB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients with ...
Yang S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that mouse- and human-induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can differentiate into primordial germ cells in vitro. However, up to now it is not known whether iPS cells would be able to differentiate into male germ cells in vivo. The aim of this study was to ...
Wei X - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Human umbilical cord can be obtained easily and it represents a non-controversial source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) have low immunogenicity. In this study, UC-MSCs were induced to become steroidogenic cells and compared to bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: UC-MSCs ...
Hunfeld N G - - 2012
Esomeprazole and rabeprazole are metabolised in the liver by means of the CYP2C19 enzyme, which has several functional genetic polymorphisms. Among Caucasians, 70% of the population has a fast metaboliser phenotype, 25-30% an intermediate and 2-5% a slow metaboliser phenotype. It is unknown whether different PPIs are affected to the ...
Surana Sikander P - - 2012
Approximately 1% of adults who undergo cardiac catheterization have coronary anomalies. Patients may present with chest pain, arrhythmias, presyncope, and sometimes sudden cardiac death. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is an excellent tool for identifying coronary artery anomalies and defining their course and relationship to the great vessels and surrounding structures; ...
Sheldon Signy - - 2012
Memory deficits for survivors of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are common, however, the nature of these deficits is not well understood. In this study, 24 patients with SAH and matched control participants were asked to study six lists containing words from four different categories. For half the lists, the categories ...
Chang Ni-Bin - - 2012
This study presents an integrated k-means clustering and gravity model (IKCGM) for investigating the spatiotemporal patterns of nutrient and associated dissolved oxygen levels in Tampa Bay, Florida. By using a k-means clustering analysis to first partition the nutrient data into a user-specified number of subsets, it is possible to discover ...
Hashemieh Mozhgan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficiency of partial radiofrequency ablation of the spleen in patients with thalassemia major and intermedia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partial radiofrequency ablation of the spleen was performed in 19 thalassemic patients (10 females, nine males) with a mean age of 12.7 years (age range, 7-30 years). This ...
Sahana Animesh - - 2012
An indole based naphthalene derivative is reported as a highly selective fluorescent probe for azide ion in aqueous ethanol. The probe is applied for cell imaging of the N(3)(-) ion in contaminated living cells. Both experimental and theoretical studies have been performed to figure out the plausible mechanism of fluorescence ...
Wang Hsi-Kai - - 2012
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor mediating xenobiotic detoxification, plays a considerable role in regulatory T cell (Treg) induction. Tregs regulate the immune system, thus suppressing allergies and autoimmune diseases. This study aims to identify new types of anti-allergic dietary factors, with focus on the flavonoids with potential ...
Mellon Jay - - 2012
Abstract Racemic gossypol and derivatives gossypolone and apogossypolone demonstrated significant growth inhibition against a diverse collection of filamentous fungi that included Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. alliaceus, A. fumigatus, Fusarium graminearum, F. moniliforme, Penicillium chrysogenum, P. corylophilum and Stachybotrys atra. The compounds were tested in a Czapek agar medium at ...
Vasiljevic Jelena - - 2012
The paper considers the method, based on multifractal (MF) analysis, for classifying the shape of tissue cells from microscopis images, identifying the primary cancer in cases of metastasis bone disease. Diagnosis of primary cancer is of great importance, because further treatment depends on how successful and accurate that diagnosis is. ...
Meinhardt-Wollweber Merve - - 2012
Low levels of vitamin D have been implicated in a wide variety of health issues from calcemic diseases to cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. For most humans, the majority of vitamin D(3) is derived from sunlight. How much vitamin D is produced under given exposure conditions is still widely discussed. ...
Brodaty Henry - - 2012
ABSTRACTBackground: Life expectancy with dementia directly influences rates of prevalence and service needs and is a common question posed by families and patients. As well as years of survival, it is useful to consider years of life lost after a diagnosis of dementia.Methods: We systematically reviewed the literature on mortality ...
Huang Huan - - 2012
A series of isomerically pure alkynyl substituted fullerenol derivatives such as C60(OH)6(O(CH2)3CCH)2 were synthesized through Lewis acid catalyzed epoxy ring-opening and/or SN1 replacement reactions starting from fullerene-mixed peroxide C60(O)(t-BuOO)4. Copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition readily converted the terminal alkynyl groups into triazole groups. Intramolecular oxidative alkyne coupling afforded a fullerenyl crown ether ...
Homhuan S - - 2012
We report the design and fabrication of a novel single cell electroporation biochip featuring high aspect ratio nickel micro-electrodes with smooth side walls between which individual cells are attached. The biochip is fabricated using Proton Beam Writing (PBW), a new direct write lithographic technique capable of fabricating high quality high-aspect-ratio ...
Biesemeier Antje - - 2012
Long Evans rats were treated by a low-Zinc-Diet (ZD) and the ultrastructure and elemental composition of melanosomes of the RPE and choroidal melanocytes and RPE lipofuscin granules were investigated using Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM). In controls the Zn mole fraction of melanosomes was 0.05 at% (RPE) and 0.06 at% (choroid), ...
Wilhelm Christophe - - 2012
Some critical aspects of the anisotropic absorption and emission properties of quasi one-dimensional structures are reviewed in the context of III-V compound semiconductor nanowires. The unique optical and electronic properties of III-V nanowires stem from the combination of dielectric effects due to their large aspect ratio, and their specific crystallographic ...
Bourdial Hélène - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence and perinatal mortality of congenital heart defects on La Réunion with European (EUROCAT) standards.Methods and resultsData were extracted from a EUROCAT-affiliated congenital malformations registry, covering 88,025 births during the period 2002-2007, on the whole island territory. A total of 512 congenital heart defects were ...
Chandra Sharad - - 2012
The rupture of sinus of Valsalva is a rare complication of infective endocarditis. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography represents an important adjunctive tool to demonstrate the ruptured sinus of Valsalva with better delineation of its characteristics. We present an adult patient with rupture of right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm due to infective ...
Rasmussen Sonja A - - 2012
Anniversaries of the identification of three human teratogens (i.e., rubella virus in 1941, thalidomide in 1961, and diethylstilbestrol in 1971) occurred in 2011. These experiences highlight the critical role that scientists with an interest in teratology play in the identification of teratogenic exposures as the basis for developing strategies for ...
Avrampou Marianna - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prosthetic parameters in the edentulous anterior maxilla for decision making between fixed and removable implant prosthesis using virtual planning software. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CT- or DVT-scans of 43 patients (mean age 62 ± 8 years) with an edentulous maxilla were analyzed with the NobelGuide™ software. Implants (≥3.5 mm diameter, ≥10 mm length) ...
Monteiro Diana C F - - 2012
A diverse library of cationic silver complexes bearing bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligands have been prepared which exhibit cytotoxicity comparable to cisplatin against the adenocarcinomas MCF7 and DLD1. Bidentate ligands show enhanced cytotoxicity over monodentate and macrocyclic ligands.
Shimoni A - - 2012
Allo-SCT with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) results in lower non-relapse mortality (NRM), but higher relapse rate than myeloablative conditioning (MAC) in AML/myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Novel regimens with intensive anti-leukemic activity, but with limited toxicity will be of benefit. In all, 85 patients with AML/MDS, not eligible for MAC, were given fludarabine-treosulfan ...
Liu Dong - - 2012
This communication reports the first integration of two significant concepts, "macromolecular helicity-derived chirality," and "magneticity" in one single microsphere entity. The novel chiral magnetic composite microspheres consisted of magnetic Fe(3) O(4) nanoparticles and optically active helical substituted polyacetylene. Therefore, they exhibited both remarkable optical activity and magneticity. The microspheres adsorbed ...
Fechner L - - 2012
Highly excited states of rubidium (Rb) atoms attached to helium (He) nanodroplets are studied by two-photon ionization spectroscopy in combination with electron and ion imaging. We find high yields of RbHe and RbHe(2) exciplexes when exciting to the 4D and 6P bands but not at the 6S band, in accord ...
Geronés Mariana - - 2012
In this work we present a study of the dissociative photoionization of S-methyl thioacetate, CH3C(O)SCH3, by using multicoincidence time-of-flight mass spectrometry and synchrotron radiation in the S 2p, C 1s and O 1s edges. Total and Partial ion yield spectra together with photoelectron-photoion coincidence (PEPICO) and photoelectron-photoion-photoion coincidence (PEPIPICO) spectra ...
Bowen Amy J - - 2012
This study aimed to elucidate the odor potency of aroma compounds in Riesling and Vidal blanc (syn. Vidal) table wines and icewines from the Niagara Peninsula using stir bar sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-olfactometry-mass spectrometry. Dilution analysis determined the most odor-potent compounds in Vidal and Riesling icewines (n=2) and table wines (n=2) ...
Woitiski Camile B - - 2012
Nanoparticles were designed to promote insulin intestinal absorption via the oral route, to increase portal insulin levels to better mimic the physiological pathway, providing enhanced glucose control through glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. Nanoparticles were formulated with insulin encapsulated in the core material consisting of alginate and dextran sulfate, associated with poloxamer ...
Hasnain Syed M - - 2012
Airborne fungal spores are well known to cause respiratory allergic diseases particularly bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, rhino-conjunctivitis and allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis in both adults and children. In order to monitor and analyze airborne fungal flora of the Karachi environment, an aeromycological study was conducted using a Burkard 7-Day Recording Volumetric ...
Li Yan - - 2012
Ab initio simulation of the transition from the crystalline to the amorphous phase of a phase-change material doped with Fe impurities. We study the structural and magnetic properties of both phases and provide a link between the magnetic contrast recently observed in these materials and the drastic change in local ...
Sanz J - - 2012
Attempts to optimize outcomes in cord blood transplantation (CBT) by using new conditioning regimens and standardization of cord blood unit selection are warranted. In all, 88 patients (18 children and 70 adults) with hematological malignancy from nine Spanish institutions underwent a single-unit CBT after an i.v. BU-based myeloablative conditioning regimen. ...
Karaarslan Sevim - - 2012
IntroductionThe aim of this study was to investigate the importance of myocardial performance index as an additive criterion to Sarnat criteria in differential diagnosis of newborn babies with moderate and severe hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. METHODS: Our study group included 50 healthy term newborn babies and 20 newborn babies with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. ...
Choi Kup-Sze - - 2012
Purpose: To motivate children with intellectual disabilities (ID) to learn handwashing and improve their performance by using computer-assisted teaching method. Method: A teaching program was implemented using a computerized teaching station with faucet, soap dispenser and towel dispenser as user interface. In response to the children's actions, animations were shown ...
Holliday Kiel - - 2012
The aim of this work is to assess the effect of ligand strength, symmetry, and coordination number on solid solution formation of trivalent actinides and lanthanides in carbonate and sulfate minerals. This is of particular importance in radionuclide migration where trivalent actinides such as Pu, Am, and Cm are responsible ...
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