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Results 201 - 250 of 4120
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Jeong Haeyoung - - 2012
Paenibacillus peoriae is a potentially plant-beneficial soil bacterium and is a close relative to Paenibacillus polymyxa, the type species of the genus Paenibacillus. Herein, we present the 5.77-Mb draft genome sequence of the P. peoriae type strain with the aim of providing insight into the genomic basis of plant growth-promoting ...
Prajapati J B - - 2012
Lactobacillus rhamnosus MTCC 5462 was isolated from infant gastrointestinal flora. The strain exhibited an ability to reduce cholesterol and stimulate immunity. The strain has exhibited positive results in alleviating gastrointestinal discomfort and good potential as a probiotic. We sequenced the whole genome of the strain and compared it to the ...
Al-Sayyad Mohammed J - - 2012
: Taylor spatial frame (TSF) is a modern multiplanar external fixator that combines ease of application and computer accuracy; it provides the capability of 1 to 6 axes of deformity correction sequentially or simultaneously by adjusting 6 connecting struts between 2 circular rings. Previous reports have documented the effectiveness of ...
Cassimeris Lynne L Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015, USA. - - 2012
Microtubules (MTs) or their subunits, tubulin dimers, interact with multiple components that contribute to intracellular metabolic pathways. MTs are required for insulin-dependent transport of glucose transporter 4 to the plasma membrane, they bind most glycolytic enzymes and are required for translation of the mRNA encoding hypoxia inducible factor-1α. Tubulin dimers ...
Brimo Fadi - - 2012
The diagnosis of prostatic adenocarcinoma relies on a constellation of architectural, cytological, and immunohistochemical features. Although the diagnosis of prostatic adenocarcinoma is straightforward in most cases, due to earlier detection of the disease in the modern era, pathologists have become increasingly challenged in diagnosing small foci of cancer when only ...
Caro-Quintero Alejandro - - 2012
Here we describe five Shewanella baltica genomes recovered from the same sample, as well as 12 years apart from the same sampling station. These genomes expand the collection of previously sequenced S. baltica strains and represent a valuable resource for assessing the role of environmental settings on genome adaptation.
Griman Pedro - - 2012
Background: Differences in genes encoding enzymes involved in the biotransformation of a large number of compounds, such as CYP2D6, are related to inter-individual and inter-ethnic variability in the metabolism of many drugs, which have also been linked to susceptibility to cancer and other health outcomes. Therefore, populations are likely to ...
Zhou Meili - - 2012
Mesorhizobium alhagi strain CCNWXJ12-2(T) is a novel species of soil-dwelling, nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can form symbiotic root nodules with Alhagi sparsifolia. Moreover, the strain has high resistance to salt and alkali. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Mesorhizobium alhagi strain CCNWXJ12-2(T). A large number of osmotic regulation-related genes ...
Karl John W JW Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2012
Several methods have been reported for fixation of displaced phalangeal neck fractures in children. The purpose of this study is to present a technique for the closed reduction and percutaneous fixation of displaced phalangeal neck fractures and the clinical results of 4 patients treated by this method. Four consecutive patients ...
Chestnutt Ivor G - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: What is the effect of hospitalization on oral health? SOURCE OF FUNDING: The authors were supported by their institutions; there was no external funding reported. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Grade C: Consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, ...
Oustamanolakis Pantelis - - 2012
Dyspepsia is the medical term for difficult digestion. It consists of various symptoms in the upper abdomen, such as fullness, discomfort, early satiation, bloating, heartburn, belching, nausea, vomiting, or pain. The prevalence of dyspepsia in the western world is approximately 20% to 25%. Dyspepsia can be divided into 2 main ...
Hoffman Daniel J - - 2012
Background: The double burden of obesity and underweight is increasing in developing countries and simple methods for the assessment of fat mass in children are needed. Aim: To develop and validate a new anthropometric predication equation for assessment of fat mass in children. Subjects and methods: Body composition was assessed ...
Bowater R O - - 2012
Ninety-three giant Queensland grouper, Epinephelus lanceolatus (Bloch), were found dead in Queensland, Australia, from 2007 to 2011. Most dead fish occurred in northern Queensland, with a peak of mortalities in Cairns in June 2008. In 2009, sick wild fish including giant sea catfish, Arius thalassinus (Rüppell), and javelin grunter, Pomadasys ...
Wolman Marc - - 2012
Deciphering the genetic code that determines how the vertebrate nervous system assembles into neural circuits that ultimately control behavior is a fascinating and challenging question in modern neurobiology. Because of the complexity of this problem, successful strategies require a simple yet focused experimental approach without limiting the scope of the ...
Stitgen Andrea A Department of Orthopaedics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, - - 2012
Correction of deformity using guided growth with plate and screw constructs has shown good results in the correction of angular deformities in children. Some recent reports have shown device failure, perhaps because of increased patient weight as seen in Blount disease. The purpose of our study was to compare the ...
Korteweg Fj - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Korteweg F, Folkeringa N, Brouwer J, Erwich J, Holm J, van der Meer J, Veeger N. Fetal loss in women with hereditary thrombophilic defects and concomitance of other thrombophilic defects: a retrospective family study. BJOG 2012;119:422-430. Objective  To assess the absolute risk of fetal loss ...
Lax Pedro - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that also involves circadian rhythm alterations. Modifications of circadian rhythm parameters have been shown to occur in both PD patients and toxin-induced PD animal models. In the latter case, rotenone, a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide [NADH]-quinone reductase), has ...
Ahonen Kathleen - - 2012
The authors describe the development and incorporation of a multidisciplinary community garden as a service project in a baccalaureate nursing cohort in an urban university. The concepts of professional ethics and service, application of nutritional theory to a community cohort, and competencies in community health nursing are briefly discussed and ...
Berg Joel H - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: When hypodontia exists via retrospective analysis of panoramic radiographs in children, is there an increased likelihood of asymmetry in tooth formation? SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Case-control study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: N/A: Not applicable.
Ricci Giovanni - - 2012
Lactococcus garvieae is a fish pathogen and an emerging zoonotic opportunistic pathogen as well as a component of natural microbiota in dairy products. Here, we present the first report of a genome sequence of L. garvieae TB25, isolated from a dairy source, and that of L. garvieae LG9, isolated from ...
Vivian-Taylor J - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Vivian-Taylor J, Roberts C, Chen J, Ford J. Motor vehicle accidents during pregnancy: a population-based study. BJOG 2012;119:499-503. This population-based cohort study of more than 600 000 Australian women describes the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVA) during pregnancy and the immediate and subsequent pregnancy outcomes. ...
Weinstein Patricia K - - 2012
With this article, Dr. Diane Wink's long-running authorship of this department comes to an end. Diane made a significant contribution to the journal; her articles were always interesting and informative, helping to advance our thinking. Thank you, Diane! Your department articles will be missed. Suzanne P. Smith, EdD, RN, FAAN, ...
Chhina Harpreet - - 2012
: Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is a rare genetic disorder, which can be associated with severe complications that may significantly affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL). Our primary objective was to describe the baseline HRQL in HME individuals at the British Columbia's Children's Hospital HME clinic and the Multiple ...
Brou L - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Brou L, Almli L, Pearce B, Bhat G, Drobek C, Fortunato S, Menon R. Dysregulated biomarkers induce distinct pathways in preterm birth. BJOG 2012;119:458-473. Objective  To document racial disparity in biomarker concentrations in maternal/fetal plasma and amniotic fluid between African Americans and European Americans with ...
Sharma Shweta - - 2012
Synergic contribution of light and temperature is known to cause a paradoxical masking effect (inhibition of activity by bright light and high temperature) on various rhythms of animals. The present study reports the paradoxical masking effects of 1000-lux photophase at 25°C on the locomotor activity rhythm of Drosophila malerkotliana. Flies ...
Pullen Richard L RL - - 2012
To provide quality end-of-life care, nursing students must have clinical experiences participating on interdisciplinary teams. The authors present the structure and processes of a clinical simulation experience that help students embrace the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in clinical practice.
Castillo D - - 2012
Flavobacterium psychrophilum causes rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS) and cold water disease (CWD) in salmonid aquaculture. We report characterization of F. psychrophilum strains and their bacteriophages isolated in Chilean salmonid aquaculture. Results suggest that under laboratory conditions phages can decrease mortality of salmonids from infection by their F. psychrophilum host strain. Twelve ...
Kim Eun-Kyoung - - 2012
Gluconobacter morbifer G707(T), a minor member of gut microbiota, was isolated from fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster). Here, the draft genome sequence of Gluconobacter morbifer G707(T) is reported.
Maguire Denise J - - 2012
The promise of a clinical collaborative model (CCM) is that it engages hospital partners in a mutually beneficial partnership by providing the entire student clinical experience in one institution. The CCM prepares students for the day-to-day reality of patient care through the use of individual staff nurse preceptors, enhancing the ...
Esparza Jose - - 2012
This book (History of Vaccine Development, edited by Stanley Plotkin, Springer, 2011, 349 pages) collects the personal perspectives of selected scientists who were instrumental in the development of a number of current vaccines. The editor of this book, Stanley Plotkin, is an emeritus professor of the University of Pennsylvania and ...
Teh Beng Soon - - 2012
Thermus sp. strain CCB_US3_UF1, a thermophilic bacterium, has been isolated from a hot spring in Malaysia. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of Thermus sp. CCB_US3_UF1.
Li Zhefei - - 2012
Sinorhizobium meliloti CCNWSX0020 was isolated from Medicago lupulina plants growing in lead-zinc mine tailings, which can establish a symbiotic relationship with Medicago species. Also, the genome of this bacterium contains a number of protein-coding sequences related to metal tolerance. We anticipate that the genomic sequence provides valuable information to explore ...
Wojno Justyna J School of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2012
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are restricted by the non-polymorphic MHC class I-like protein, CD1d, and activated following presentation of lipid antigens bound to CD1d molecules. The prototypical iNKT cell agonist is α-galactosyl ceramide (α-GalCer). CD1d-mediated activation of iNKT cells by this molecule results in the rapid secretion of ...
Raghunathan Mohit M Physics Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, United - - 2012
This work reports the effects of the bioflavinoids genistein and daidzein on lipid bilayers as determined by volume measurements, X-ray scattering, and molecular dynamics simulations. The experimental and simulated total molecular volumes were found to be in outstanding agreement with each other before the addition of genistein and daidzein and ...
Stadnicka Julita - - 2012
Quantification of chemical toxicity continues to be generally based on measured external concentrations. Yet, internal chemical concentrations have been suggested to be a more suitable parameter. To better understand the relationship between the external and internal concentrations of chemicals in fish, and to quantify internal concentrations, we compared three toxicokinetic ...
Marsick Bonnie M BM Department of Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, - - 2012
Axonal growth cones turn away from repulsive guidance cues. This may start with reduced protrusive motility in the region the growth cone leading margin that is closer to the source of repulsive cue. Using explants of E7 chick temporal retina, we examine the effects of two repulsive guidance cues, ephrin-A2 ...
Sakakibara Yogo Y Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2012
As part of the central core domain of the ribosome, helix 69 of 23S rRNA participates in an important intersubunit bridge and contacts several protein translation factors. Helix 69 is believed to play key roles in protein synthesis. Even though high-resolution crystal structures of the ribosome exist, the solution dynamics ...
Barman Ishan - - 2012
In recent years, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been increasingly accepted as a functional metric of mean blood glucose in the treatment of diabetic patients. Importantly, HbA1c provides an alternate measure of total glycemic exposure due to the representation of blood glucose throughout the day, including post-prandially. In this article, we ...
Hwang Jong Yeon JY Medicinal Chemistry Group, Institut Pasteur Korea, 696 Sampyeong-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 463-400, - - 2012
We previously identified a series of methylsulfonylnitrobenzoates (MSNBs) that block the interaction of the thyroid hormone receptor with its coactivators. MSNBs inhibit coactivator binding through irreversible modification of cysteine 298 of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). Although MSNBs have better pharmacological features than our first generation inhibitors (β-aminoketones), they contain ...
Brown Cameron P CP Botnar Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2012
Spider silk is a fascinating natural composite material. Its combination of strength and toughness is unrivalled in nature, and as a result, it has gained considerable interest from the medical, physics, and materials communities. Most of this attention has focused on the one to tens of nanometer scale: predominantly the ...
Kievit Forrest M - - 2012
Breast cancer remains one of the most prevalent and lethal malignancies in women. The inability to diagnose small volume metastases early has limited effective treatment of stage 4 breast cancer. Here we report the rational development and use of a multifunctional superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) for targeting metastatic breast ...
Nakata Kana K Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2012
Primary cilia are organelles that extend from the cell surface. More than 600 proteins have been identified in cilia, but ciliary targeting mechanisms are poorly understood. Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease with 11 responsible genes (NPHP1-11) thus far being identified. The mouse Nphp3 gene product is ...
Sherrer Shanen M SM Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2012
1-Nitropyrene (1-NP), a mutagen and potential carcinogen, is the most abundant nitro polyaromatic hydrocarbon in diesel exhaust, which reacts with DNA to form predominantly N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-1-aminopyrene (dG(AP)). If not repaired, this DNA lesion is presumably bypassed in vivo by any of human Y-family DNA polymerases kappa (hPolκ), iota (hPolι), eta (hPolη), ...
Wang Hong - - 2012
Submillimeter single-crystal monolayer and multilayer graphene domains were prepared by an atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition method with suppressing nucleation on copper foils through an annealing procedure. A facile oxidation visualization method was applied to study the nucleation density and morphology of graphene domains on copper foils. Scanning electron microscopy, ...
Padayatti Pius P Polgenix Inc., Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United - - 2012
Second-order nonlinear optical imaging of chiral crystals (SONICC), which portrays second-harmonic generation (SHG) by noncentrosymmetric crystals, is emerging as a powerful imaging technique for protein crystals in media opaque to visible light because of its high signal-to-noise ratio. Here we report the incorporation of both SONICC and two-photon excited fluorescence ...
Gopalakrishna Kota N KN Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United - - 2012
The molecular nature of transducin-α subunits (Gα(t)) may contribute to the distinct physiology of cone and rod photoreceptors. Biochemical properties of mammalian cone Gα(t2) subunits and their differences with rod Gα(t1) are largely unknown. Here, we examined properties of chimeric Gα(t2) in comparison with its rod counterpart. The key biochemical ...
Dupont Catherine - - 2012
High frequencies of chromosomal anomalies are reported in human and non-human primate in vitro-produced preimplantation embryos. It is unclear why certain embryos develop aneuploidies while others remain euploid. A differential susceptibility to aneuploidy is most likely a consequence of events that occur before oocyte collection. One hypothesis is that the ...
Subelj Vesna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009 virus, which combined genes from swine, human and avian influenza viruses, emerged in April 2009 and spread globally within the next month. The post-pandemic serological response to the influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus in non-vaccinated individuals from the central part of Slovenia was studied. METHODS: ...
Velnar Tomaz - - 2012
Blepharospasm in connection with chronic subdural haematoma is an uncommon pathology and usually subsides after treatment of the haematoma. Different mechanical and vascular factors may play a role by affecting domapinergic transmission in basal ganglia. A case of a 72-year-old patient is presented, who developed transient blepharospasm as a result ...
Nishigori Hideaki - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnosis, epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment of chylous ascites after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Among 907 patients who underwent colorectal cancer resection at our institution between 2006 and 2009, chylous ascites developed in 9. We analyzed the clinical data for these 9 patients. RESULTS: Five of ...
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