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Results 151 - 200 of 4120
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Memmo A - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Memmo A, Dias T, Mahsud-Dornan S, Papageorghiou A, Bhide A, Thilaganathan B. Prediction of selective fetal growth restriction and twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome in monochorionic twins. BJOG 2012;119:417-421. Objective  To study the correlation of discrepancy between crown-rump length (CRL) and nuchal translucency (NT) in monochorionic twins ...
Lázár Alpár S - - 2012
Individual differences in sleep and diurnal preference associate with physical and mental health characteristics, but few genetic determinants of these differences have been identified. A variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the PERIOD3 (PER3) gene (rs57875989) has been reported to associate with diurnal preference, i.e., preferred timing of waking ...
Castillo D - - 2012
Flavobacterium psychrophilum causes rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS) and cold water disease (CWD) in salmonid aquaculture. We report characterization of F. psychrophilum strains and their bacteriophages isolated in Chilean salmonid aquaculture. Results suggest that under laboratory conditions phages can decrease mortality of salmonids from infection by their F. psychrophilum host strain. Twelve ...
Berg Joel H - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: When hypodontia exists via retrospective analysis of panoramic radiographs in children, is there an increased likelihood of asymmetry in tooth formation? SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Case-control study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: N/A: Not applicable.
Vivian-Taylor J - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Vivian-Taylor J, Roberts C, Chen J, Ford J. Motor vehicle accidents during pregnancy: a population-based study. BJOG 2012;119:499-503. This population-based cohort study of more than 600 000 Australian women describes the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVA) during pregnancy and the immediate and subsequent pregnancy outcomes. ...
Roteli-Martins Cecilia - - 2012
Prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are now available and vaccination programs are being widely implemented, targeting adolescent girls prior to sexual debut. Since the risk of HPV exposure persists throughout a woman's sexual life, the duration of protection provided by vaccination is critical to the overall vaccine effectiveness. We report ...
Mroch Amelia R - - 2012
We review 3 cases where array comparative genomic hybridization made a difference in the medical management of the patient, ended the diagnostic odyssey, predicted prognosis for the patient, and/or provided closure to the family. Comparative genomic hybridization is a useful tool for testing individuals with clinical examinations suggestive of a ...
Carr Alan B - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: What is the 2-year estimated implant survival rate of short (<10 mm) dental implants installed in partially edentulous patients? SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 1: Good quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Grade B: ...
Syed Deeba N - - 2012
Sullivan et al. describe their finding that lower skin catalase activity in male as compared with female mice may be responsible for the increased skin carcinogenesis observed in UVB radiation-exposed male mice. This adds to the growing literature that points toward a gender bias in the pathogenesis of skin cancer. ...
Wright P C - - 2012
Proteomics is very much a technology-driven field. The ambition is to identify, quantify and to assess the state of posttranslational modification and interaction partners for every protein in the cell. The proteome is in a state of flux and is thus extremely complex. Analysis of the proteome is exacerbated by ...
Dumont Marie - - 2012
Decreased melatonin production, due to acute suppression of pineal melatonin secretion by light exposure during night work, has been suggested to underlie higher cancer risks associated with prolonged experience of night work. However, the association between light exposure and melatonin production has never been measured in the field. In this ...
Tubek SÅ‚awomir - - 2012
This case report describes a 52-y-old male patient who, one week after influenza vaccination, presented with abdominal symptoms: pain in the right epigastrium followed by liver dysfunction and pyrexia, as well renal failure, muscles pain and consciousness disorders. Immune-complex-like disease and Enterobacter cloacae sepsis due to cholelithic cholecystitis were diagnosed. ...
Hida Akiko - - 2012
Behavioral and physiological processes, such as sleep-wakefulness, thermoregulation, and hormone secretion, exhibit 24-h rhythms in most organisms. These biological rhythms are driven by the circadian clock system and are entrained by the external environment, which in the case of humans includes social time schedules. Couples might be ideal experimental subjects ...
Kopycka-Kedzierawski Dorota T - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine the developmental sequelae in the permanent dentition after traumatic injury to the primary dentition and to determine possible associations with children's age, gender, type of injury, recurrence of injury, and posttraumatic damage to the primary teeth. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cohort study. ...
Feng Chao - - 2012
: Closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the recommended treatment of displaced supracondylar humerus fractures. The optimal pin configurations in the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures with coronal lateral obliquity remain controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the stability of various pin configurations in the treatment ...
Savvidou Md - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Savvidou M, Syngelaki A, Muhaisen M, Emelyanenko E, Nicolaides K. First trimester maternal serum free β-human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus. BJOG 2012;119:410-416. Objective  To investigate whether markers of first trimester screening for aneuploidies, including fetal nuchal ...
Guillaumond F - - 2012
Although it is known to contain five cell types that synthesize and release hormones with a circadian pattern, the pituitary gland is poorly characterized as a circadian oscillator. By a differential microarray analysis, 252 genes were found to be differentially expressed in pituitaries from Bmal1(-/-) knockout versus wild-type mice. By ...
Wolman Marc - - 2012
Deciphering the genetic code that determines how the vertebrate nervous system assembles into neural circuits that ultimately control behavior is a fascinating and challenging question in modern neurobiology. Because of the complexity of this problem, successful strategies require a simple yet focused experimental approach without limiting the scope of the ...
Korteweg Fj - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Korteweg F, Folkeringa N, Brouwer J, Erwich J, Holm J, van der Meer J, Veeger N. Fetal loss in women with hereditary thrombophilic defects and concomitance of other thrombophilic defects: a retrospective family study. BJOG 2012;119:422-430. Objective  To assess the absolute risk of fetal loss ...
Lax Pedro - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that also involves circadian rhythm alterations. Modifications of circadian rhythm parameters have been shown to occur in both PD patients and toxin-induced PD animal models. In the latter case, rotenone, a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide [NADH]-quinone reductase), has ...
Chhina Harpreet - - 2012
: Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is a rare genetic disorder, which can be associated with severe complications that may significantly affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL). Our primary objective was to describe the baseline HRQL in HME individuals at the British Columbia's Children's Hospital HME clinic and the Multiple ...
Brou L - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Brou L, Almli L, Pearce B, Bhat G, Drobek C, Fortunato S, Menon R. Dysregulated biomarkers induce distinct pathways in preterm birth. BJOG 2012;119:458-473. Objective  To document racial disparity in biomarker concentrations in maternal/fetal plasma and amniotic fluid between African Americans and European Americans with ...
Sharma Shweta - - 2012
Synergic contribution of light and temperature is known to cause a paradoxical masking effect (inhibition of activity by bright light and high temperature) on various rhythms of animals. The present study reports the paradoxical masking effects of 1000-lux photophase at 25°C on the locomotor activity rhythm of Drosophila malerkotliana. Flies ...
Wu M-S - - 2012
Nervous necrosis virus (NNV), a piscine nodavirus, has caused serious viral nervous necrosis and viral encephalopathy and retinopathy in hatchery-reared larvae and juveniles of a wide range of marine teleost species worldwide in the last two decades. Although the mortality of NNV-infected larvae is nearly 100%, there are still some ...
De Luca Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: HIV RNA monitoring is not available in most antiretroviral treatment (ART) programs in sub-Saharan Africa; switch to second-line therapy is mostly guided by clinical/immunological criteria. This may lead to unnecessary disease progression and drug resistance accumulation. We investigated the prognostic value of virological and immunological status 6 months after ...
Rajani Rajiv - - 2012
In this article, the authors summarize the state of the art and future potential in the management of Osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and Chondrosarcoma. They cover systemic therapy, surgical therapy, and radiotherapy, along with targeted therapies to inhibit signal transduction pathways. They discuss staging and the role of imaging evaluation to ...
Patel Neeraj M - - 2012
: Arthrofibrosis and decreased range of motion (ROM) are well-described sequelae of tibial eminence fractures. We sought to evaluate the effects of timing of ROM rehabilitation and postsurgical immobilization on clinical outcomes in children with fractures of the tibial eminence. : We retrospectively reviewed the records of all children diagnosed ...
Huntley Christopher D - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 267-276 Objectives  We reviewed papers describing the development of instruments for assessing clinical communication in undergraduate medical students. The instruments had important limitations: most lacked a theoretical basis, and their psychometric properties were often poor or inadequately investigated and reported. We therefore describe the development of ...
Brimo Fadi - - 2012
The diagnosis of prostatic adenocarcinoma relies on a constellation of architectural, cytological, and immunohistochemical features. Although the diagnosis of prostatic adenocarcinoma is straightforward in most cases, due to earlier detection of the disease in the modern era, pathologists have become increasingly challenged in diagnosing small foci of cancer when only ...
Griman Pedro - - 2012
Background: Differences in genes encoding enzymes involved in the biotransformation of a large number of compounds, such as CYP2D6, are related to inter-individual and inter-ethnic variability in the metabolism of many drugs, which have also been linked to susceptibility to cancer and other health outcomes. Therefore, populations are likely to ...
Jonkman Marcel F - - 2012
In this issue, Lai-Cheong et al. report a patient with Kindler syndrome who showed revertant mosaicism: a patch of normal-looking skin attributable to a reverse mutation. The molecular basis of the reverted patch appeared to be the deletion of a duplicated cytosine, thus restoring the reading frame of FERMT1 transcripts. ...
O'Neill C - - 2012
The autopoietic development of the preimplantation embryo may in part be explained by the actions of autocrine tropic ligands. The net effect of these mediators is to support the survival of cells within the early embryo. In the mouse, the actions of autocrine ligands are required by the 2-cell stage ...
Pusic Martin V - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 289-298 Objectives  Using a large image bank, we systematically examined how the use of different ratios of abnormal to normal cases affects trainee learning. Methods  This was a prospective, double-blind, randomised, three-arm education trial conducted in six academic training programmes for emergency medicine and paediatric residents ...
Gafni Naomi - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 277-288 Context  Assessment centres used in evaluating the non-cognitive attributes of medical school candidates must generate scores that reflect as accurate a measurement as possible of these attributes. Thus far, reliability coefficients for such centres have been based on limited samples and individual administrations, without reference ...
Makhija Sonia K - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To evaluate the scientific evidence regarding laser technology for removal of carious tissue. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information is not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Grade B: Inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence.
Shore Benjamin J - - 2012
: The classic pediatric pelvic fracture (PPF) classification was developed by Torode and Zeig in 1985 and is based exclusively on plain radiographs. The purpose of this study was to propose a modification to a previously accepted PPF classification scheme and discuss the significance of this modification with respect to ...
Van Herck Koen - - 2012
Background and objectives Antibody persistence and immune memory against hepatitis A (HAV) in adults in a low endemicity country, 15 y after immunisation with two doses of HAV vaccine has been demonstrated. This communication provides additional information on antibody persistence up to Year 17 from two of the longest follow-up ...
Al-Ghamdi Ahmed - - 2012
: The Dega osteotomy is a versatile procedure that is widely used to treat neuromuscular hip dysplasia. There is a paucity of the English language literature on its use in acetabular dysplasia seen in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). : A retrospective radiographic and chart review was performed for ...
Robertson Anthony J F - - 2012
: There is limited information on osteoarticular infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of HIV on the epidemiology of osteoarticular infections in a setting with a high prevalence of pediatric HIV infection. : A retrospective evaluation of children presenting ...
Bohli-Abderrazak Dhouha - - 2012
Freshly collected samples of Tylos europaeus from Korba beach (northeast of Tunisia) were housed in an environmental cabinet at controlled temperature (18°C ± .5°C) and photoperiod. Locomotor activity was recorded under two photoperiodic regimens by infrared actography every 20 min by multichannel data loggers. One regimen simulated the natural light-dark cycle on the ...
Jamshidi Khodamorad - - 2012
Osteoid osteoma is a benign tumor that can be seen in both cortical or cancellous bone. Radiographic appearance is usually diagnostic. It consists of a small nidus usually less than 1.5cm and a surrounding bony sclerosis. We present one case of osteoid osteoma with an unusual (nearly completely calcified) nidus.
Tanner Sharon J - - 2012
This column provides information on accreditation for nursing programs of all types. Readers may submit questions to the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission. General questions of interest to a wide audience will be addressed in this column, whereas more specific questions or those requiring confidentiality will be answered directly.
Weinstein Patricia K - - 2012
With this article, Dr. Diane Wink's long-running authorship of this department comes to an end. Diane made a significant contribution to the journal; her articles were always interesting and informative, helping to advance our thinking. Thank you, Diane! Your department articles will be missed. Suzanne P. Smith, EdD, RN, FAAN, ...
Brown Sylvia T - - 2012
Many new nursing leaders who assume deanships, or assistant or interim deanships, have limited education, experience, and/or background to prepare them for the job. To assist new deans and those aspiring to be deans, the authors of this department, 2 deans, offer survival tips based on their personal experiences and ...
Pullen Richard L RL - - 2012
To provide quality end-of-life care, nursing students must have clinical experiences participating on interdisciplinary teams. The authors present the structure and processes of a clinical simulation experience that help students embrace the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in clinical practice.
Voge Catherine - - 2012
To create an opportunity for students to connect with the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies and demonstrate learning via knowledge transference, the authors piloted a digital media assignment. Students worked in small groups to create an unfolding patient care scenario with embedded decision points, using presentation software. The ...
Coffey Sue - - 2012
Concerns about academic honesty in higher education are widespread. To address this issue, faculty took part in a 3-year trial of a highly successful approach to academic honesty. Guiding this approach were an appreciation of student context, faculty orientation to student engagement, and available antiplagiarism technology.
Harrison Elizabeth - - 2012
The case study method is a teaching strategy that enables students to apply fundamental nursing concepts in a variety of situations. It relies on well-written cases. The author discusses the literary skill set needed to develop well-written case studies.
Bensfield Linda A - - 2012
Simulation is prevalent in nursing education yet is rarely used for evaluation. The authors describe the use of simulation as a high-stakes evaluation of senior baccalaureate nursing student achievement of end-of-program competencies and assist with student remediation. The results of a high-stakes evaluation led to positive changes in student learning ...
Ahonen Kathleen - - 2012
The authors describe the development and incorporation of a multidisciplinary community garden as a service project in a baccalaureate nursing cohort in an urban university. The concepts of professional ethics and service, application of nutritional theory to a community cohort, and competencies in community health nursing are briefly discussed and ...
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