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Pridgeon J W - - 2012
Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR), the relative transcriptional levels of seven channel catfish antimicrobial peptide (AMP) genes (NK-lysin type 1, NK-lysin type 2, NK-lysin type 3, bactericidal permeability-increasing protein, cathepsin D, hepcidin and liver-expressed AMP 2) in response to Edwardsiella ictaluri infection were determined. None of the AMP genes ...
Ho Ming-Jung - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46 : 245-256 Context  Medical educators internationally are faced with the challenge of teaching and assessing professionalism in their students. Some studies have drawn attention to contextual factors that influence students' responses to professional dilemmas. Although culture is a significant contextual factor, no research has examined student ...
Rajani Rajiv - - 2012
In this article, the authors summarize the state of the art and future potential in the management of Osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and Chondrosarcoma. They cover systemic therapy, surgical therapy, and radiotherapy, along with targeted therapies to inhibit signal transduction pathways. They discuss staging and the role of imaging evaluation to ...
Jesuthasan Suresh - - 2012
Emotional responses are triggered by environmental signals and involve profound changes at multiple levels, from molecular to behavior. Much has been learnt about two emotions, fear and anxiety, by studying mammalian models. In particular, neural circuits and the corresponding molecular mechanisms essential for the learning and retention of fear, as ...
Sharma Vikas - - 2012
We report the 5.18-Mb genome sequence of Brevibacillus laterosporus strain GI-9, isolated from a subsurface soil sample during a screen for novel strains producing antimicrobial compounds. The draft genome of this strain will aid in biotechnological exploitation and comparative genomics of Brevibacillus laterosporus strains.
Fraser Kristin - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 299-305 Context  Retroactive interference occurs when newly acquired information inhibits recall of previously learned information. This has been shown to influence recall of sounds, tastes and word associations, and is typically seen when learners receive training on one area of content and are then exposed to ...
Huang Tzu-Wen - - 2012
We report the complete genome sequence of M013, a representative strain of a pvl-positive, sequence type 59-staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type V (ST59-SCCmec type V) community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) clone in Taiwan. Comparison of M013 with the genomes of two CA-MRSA strains in the United States revealed major differences ...
Dumont Marie - - 2012
Decreased melatonin production, due to acute suppression of pineal melatonin secretion by light exposure during night work, has been suggested to underlie higher cancer risks associated with prolonged experience of night work. However, the association between light exposure and melatonin production has never been measured in the field. In this ...
Sen Jaydip - - 2012
Background: The present cross-sectional study evaluates the utility of the Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) over conventional nutritional indices for nutritional assessment. It also assesses the impact of various socio-economic and demographic factors on the CIAF. Subjects and methods: Height, weight, age, socio-economic and demographic data were recorded from ...
Verardi Simone - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: Does apical surgery affect periodontal parameters? SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3: Other evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Not applicable.
Kim Eun-Kyoung - - 2012
Commensalibacter intestini A911(T), a predominant symbiotic bacterium capable of stably colonizing gut epithelia, was isolated from the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Commensalibacter intestini A911(T).
Li Xiangyang - - 2012
We report the draft genome sequence of Achromobacter arsenitoxydans SY8, the first reported arsenite-oxidizing bacterium belonging to the genus Achromobacter and containing a genomic arsenic island, an intact type III secretion system, and multiple metal(loid) transporters. The genome may be helpful to explore the mechanisms intertwining metal(loid) resistance and pathogenicity.
Matthews Debora - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine the efficacy of various treatment modalities for class II furcation involvement in molars, as measured during reentry surgery. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Grade B: ...
Kawada Tomoyuki - - 2012
Background and aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an insulin-resistance syndrome deeply associated with obesity. The association between MetS and several clinical factors, including serum levels of adiponectin, C-reactive protein and insulin, was examined. Subjects and methods: The study was performed in 219 men aged 43.2 ± 6.6 years, who were employees of ...
Crotwell Patricia L - - 2012
Whole-genome genetic diagnostics has changed the clinical landscape of pediatric and adolescent medicine. In this article, we review the history of clinical cytogenetics as the field has progressed from studying chromosomes prepared from cells squashed between 2 slides to the high-resolution, whole-genome technology in use today, which has allowed for ...
Hünefeld Christian - - 2012
In this issue, Paek et al. describe two phenomena. First, they show that intermediate concentrations of a "transgenic" autoantigen may cause a lichen planus-like autoimmune disease. Second, and more importantly, they show that high doses of peptide antigen suppress the expression of the T-cell receptor and coreceptors, particularly CD8, and ...
Nasreddine Lara - - 2012
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in obese adolescents has been reported to range between 18-42%, depending on country of origin, thus suggesting an ethnic-based association between obesity and MS. This study aims to investigate the magnitude of the association between obesity, insulin resistance and components of MS among adolescents in ...
Adomako M - - 2012
A DNA vaccine against infectious haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is effective at protecting rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, against disease, but intramuscular injection is required and makes the vaccine impractical for use in the freshwater rainbow trout farming industry. Poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
Kamp Dush Claire M - - 2012
Using typologies outlined by Gottman and Fitzpatrick as well as institutional and companionate models of marriage, the authors conducted a latent class analysis of marital conflict trajectories using 20 years of data from the Marital Instability Over the Life Course study. Respondents were in one of three groups: high, medium ...
Zhu Bo - - 2012
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an endophyte which plays important roles in agricultural production as a plant growth-promoting bacterium. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of strain RR-10, which was isolated from a rice root in a rice field of China.
Brown Sylvia T - - 2012
Many new nursing leaders who assume deanships, or assistant or interim deanships, have limited education, experience, and/or background to prepare them for the job. To assist new deans and those aspiring to be deans, the authors of this department, 2 deans, offer survival tips based on their personal experiences and ...
Urrutia Rachel P - - 2012
Vitamin D is part of a complex steroid hormone system long known to be involved in bone metabolism. Recently, vitamin D has been implicated in physiologic processes as diverse as vascular health, immune function, metabolism and placental function. This review summarizes the current evidence for the role of vitamin D ...
Brown James H - - 2012
[Formula: see text] [ Many landscapes span communities of varying degrees of biological complexity. Across such a gradient, diversity begets diversity. Increased environmental heterogeneity in the Mojave Desert increases the diversity of rodent consumers, in particular by allowing species that are phylogenetically more similar to coexist in more species rich ...
Sarac Jelena - - 2012
Background: Many Croatian islands are examples of genetic isolates, with low level of heterozygosity and high level of inbreeding, due to practice of endogamy. Aim: The aim was to study the genetic structure of two insular and one mainland population through high-resolution phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Subjects and ...
Fu Jia-Hui - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To assess the efficacy of autogenous platelet concentrates in the regeneration of periodontal intrabony and furcation defects and healing of gingival recession defects. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION ...
Kenri Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Mycoplasma pneumoniae strain 309, a type 2a (subtype 2 variant) strain of this bacterium, has variations in the P1 protein, which is responsible for attachment of the bacterium to host cells. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of M. pneumoniae strain 309 isolated from a pneumonia patient in Japan.
Johnson William - - 2012
Background: The WHO 2006 child growth standard is advocated in India, although the conformity of the growth of Indian infants to the WHO standard has only been assessed at cross-sectional points. Aim: To assess the implications of using the WHO standard in rural India and to investigate the factors responsible ...
Burks Derek J - - 2012
This study aimed to examine concepts of altruism and empathy among medical students and professionals in conjunction with health care initiatives designed to support the maintenance of these qualities. We searched for the terms 'altruism', 'altruistic', 'helping', 'prosocial behaviour' and 'empathy' in the English-language literature published from 1980 to the ...
Kopycka-Kedzierawski Dorota T - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine the developmental sequelae in the permanent dentition after traumatic injury to the primary dentition and to determine possible associations with children's age, gender, type of injury, recurrence of injury, and posttraumatic damage to the primary teeth. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cohort study. ...
Feng Chao - - 2012
: Closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the recommended treatment of displaced supracondylar humerus fractures. The optimal pin configurations in the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures with coronal lateral obliquity remain controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the stability of various pin configurations in the treatment ...
Savvidou Md - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Savvidou M, Syngelaki A, Muhaisen M, Emelyanenko E, Nicolaides K. First trimester maternal serum free β-human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus. BJOG 2012;119:410-416. Objective  To investigate whether markers of first trimester screening for aneuploidies, including fetal nuchal ...
Guillaumond F - - 2012
Although it is known to contain five cell types that synthesize and release hormones with a circadian pattern, the pituitary gland is poorly characterized as a circadian oscillator. By a differential microarray analysis, 252 genes were found to be differentially expressed in pituitaries from Bmal1(-/-) knockout versus wild-type mice. By ...
Muhd Sakaff Muhd Khairul Luqman - - 2012
Geobacillus thermoleovorans CCB_US3_UF5 is a thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Malaysia. Here, we report the complete genome of G. thermoleovorans CCB_US3_UF5, which shows high similarity to the genome of Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA 426 in terms of synteny and orthologous genes.
Shin Sang Heum - - 2012
This article reports on the full genome sequence of Paenibacillus terrae HPL-003, which is a gram-positive, endospore-forming, xylanase-producing bacterium isolated from soil found in forest residue on Gara Mountain. The strain HPL-003 contains 6,083,395 bp with a G+C content of 46.77 mol%, 2,633 protein-coding genes, and 117 structural RNAs.
Kandzierski Grzegorz - - 2012
Florid-reactive periostitis, also known as fibroosseous pseudotumor, is a benign bone lesion. It occurs rarely among pediatric patients. Usually, it affects the phalanges of the hands and feet, where most lesions concern the proximal phalanx. Girls are more commonly affected than boys. The lesion appears benign radiographically but on histologic ...
Harrison Elizabeth - - 2012
The case study method is a teaching strategy that enables students to apply fundamental nursing concepts in a variety of situations. It relies on well-written cases. The author discusses the literary skill set needed to develop well-written case studies.
Wilson David A - - 2012
Many programs aimed at mitigating the problem of uncorrected refractive error and the resulting avoidable blindness use recycled (donated) spectacles as a seemingly inexpensive expedient. This article analyses the costs and benefits of recycled spectacles and compares them with alternative methodologies. Although well intentioned, it is argued that recycled spectacles ...
Joo Sunyoung - - 2012
: Although scoliosis is a predominant feature of multiple pterygium syndrome (MPS), the pattern of deformity and the progression of the curvature have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of scoliosis among patients with MPS, and to characterize the abnormalities of the ...
Fernández-Santander Ana - - 2012
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the allelic and genotypic frequency distribution of the C34T mutation in the muscle isoform of the adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 (AMPD1) gene and of the missense substitution K153R in the myostatin (GDF8) gene in one Spanish and two North African populations. ...
Besing Rachel C RC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurobiology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham, AL 35294-0017, - - 2012
Endogenous circadian rhythms are entrained to the 24-h light/dark cycle by both light and nonphotic stimuli. During the day, nonphotic stimuli, such as novel wheel-induced exercise, produce large phase advances. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) release from the thalamus onto suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) neurons at least partially mediates this nonphotic signal. The ...
Bensfield Linda A - - 2012
Simulation is prevalent in nursing education yet is rarely used for evaluation. The authors describe the use of simulation as a high-stakes evaluation of senior baccalaureate nursing student achievement of end-of-program competencies and assist with student remediation. The results of a high-stakes evaluation led to positive changes in student learning ...
Allen James - - 2012
We describe important elements in the process of engagement with tribal communities in research with children and youth and their families. We believe it helpful to understand the research relationship with tribal communities through the lens of kinship relations. This calls for re-examination of the nature of research and researcher, ...
Azarpazhooh Amir - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine the influence of root canal treatment on pain prevalence and severity and estimate the prevalence and severity of pretreatment, treatment, and posttreatment pain in patients receiving nonsurgical root canal treatment. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The University of California, Los Angeles, Section of Endodontics. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review ...
Gudjonsson Johann E - - 2012
DNA methylation is one of several epigenetic mechanisms that can lead to stable and heritable changes in gene expression without changing the underlying DNA sequence. In this issue, Roberson et al. demonstrate that lesional skin in psoriasis is accompanied by changes in DNA methylation, which revert back to baseline with ...
Awasthi Shally - - 2012
Background: Asthma is a complex genetic disorder. Several genes have been found associated with asthma. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene is one of them. Aim: To assess the association of CFTR gene mutation with asthma and its severity as per GINA guidelines. Subjects and methods: This was ...
Redondo-Nieto Miguel - - 2012
Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) that has biocontrol activity against fungal plant pathogens and is a model for rhizosphere colonization. Here, we present its complete genome sequence, which shows that besides a core genome very similar to those of other strains sequenced within this species, F113 ...
Chandratilake Madawa - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 257-266 Context  Over the last two decades, many medical educators have sought to define professionalism. Initial attempts to do so were focused on defining professionalism in a manner that allowed for universal agreement. This quest was later transformed into an effort to 'understand professionalism' as many ...
Karched Maribasappa - - 2012
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is implicated in localized aggressive periodontitis. We report the first genome sequence of an A. actinomycetemcomitans strain isolated from an Old World primate.
Huntley Christopher D - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 267-276 Objectives  We reviewed papers describing the development of instruments for assessing clinical communication in undergraduate medical students. The instruments had important limitations: most lacked a theoretical basis, and their psychometric properties were often poor or inadequately investigated and reported. We therefore describe the development of ...
Tate Anupama Rao - - 2012
PURPOSE/QUESTION: To compare the efficacy of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide (CH) for the root-end induction of immature teeth. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of data. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE: Grade B: ...
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