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Kario Kazuomi - - 2012
The devastating Great East Japan Earthquake, which was 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred on March 11, 2011. Japan experienced the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 16 years ago, and I was working at the epicenter, and reported the characteristics of the earthquake-associated cardiovascular risk and high blood pressure (BP) found during ...
Negi Sangeeta - - 2012
In the present work, evaluation of different conventional techniques, i.e., chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand, elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and gas chromatography used for estimating biodegradation of grease waste was carried out. In this order grease waste was incubated with Penicillium chrysogenum for 7-30 days and analyzed ...
Garcia-Mazcorro Jose F - - 2012
The effect of a proton-pump inhibitor on gastrointestinal microbiota was evaluated. Eight healthy 9-month-old dogs (4 males and 4 females) received omeprazole (1.1 mg/kg) orally twice a day for 15 days. Fecal samples and endoscopic biopsies from the stomach and duodenum were obtained on days 30 and 15 before omeprazole ...
Tordoff June - - 2012
Background There is limited information in New Zealand about community pharmacists' perceptions of services that benefit older people. Objectives To explore the perceptions of community pharmacists' of services that benefit older people; the benefits perceived; and the experiences of pharmacists providing such services. Setting Community pharmacies in New Zealand. Methods ...
Saxena Anil K - - 2012
The present study describes a successful application of computational approaches to identify novel Leishmania donovani (Ld) AdoHcyase inhibitors utilizing the differences for Ld AdoHcyase NAD+ binding between human and Ld parasite. The development and validation of the three-dimensional (3D) structures of Ld AdoHcyase using the L. major AdoHcyase as template ...
Marcotte Leah - - 2012
Tubers are cerebral cortical developmental malformations associated with epilepsy and autism in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). The disparity between tuber number and severity of neurological impairment often observed in TSC led us to hypothesize that microscopic structural abnormalities distinct from tubers may occur in TSC. Serial frontal to occipital lobe ...
Du Bo-Yu - - 2012
Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor in infants. Currently, the mainstay of NB chemotherapy is combination treatment with some traditional drugs, but these combination regimens are always inefficient. Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of a combination of doxorubicin and ...
Singh Dheeraj Kumar - - 2012
Raman spectra of neat pyrrole (C(4)H(5)N) and its binary mixtures with dichloromethane (CH(2)Cl(2), DCM) with varying mole fractions of C(4)H(5)N from 0.1 to 0.9 were recorded in order to monitor the influence of molecular interaction on spectral features of selected vibrational bands of pyrrole in the region 600-1600 cm(-1). Only ...
de Haas Ria - - 2012
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic and complex psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 2-3%. Recent work has shown that OCD rituals were not only characterized by a high rate of repetition but also by an increased behavioral repertoire due to additional non-functional unique acts. These two behavioral characteristics ...
Li Yuan - - 2012
A mutant Cs3512, which showed better fermentation of xylose and the mixtures of xylose and glucose, was obtained through mutation of Candida shehatae ATCC 22984 and screening with a medium containing antimycin A and TTC (2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride). Cs3512 produced 44.4 g/l of ethanol from 121.3 g/l of xylose, which was 13% higher ...
Iwamoto Akira - - 2012
We purified and identified an IgE suppressor from the strawberry 'Toyonoka', based on the decrease of IgE production in in vitro immunization (IVI). Gel filtration experiment indicated that fractions in a 15-48 kDa range and <10 kDa have an IgE suppressive activity. Furthermore, the fraction in 15-48 kDa was subjected ...
Ross Kimberly A - - 2012
The mesothermal outflow zones (50-65°C) of geothermal springs often support an extensive zone of green and orange laminated microbial mats. In order to identify and compare the microbial inhabitants of morphologically similar green-orange mats from chemically and geographically distinct springs, we generated and analyzed small-subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene amplicons ...
Liburdi Katia - - 2012
In order to use lysozyme as an anti-microbial agent during the winemaking process, hen egg-white lysozyme (LYZ) was covalently immobilized on two different micro-size magnetic particles (tosyl-activated and carboxylated, TSA and CA, respectively). A cell suspension of Oenococcus oeni, an oenological strain involved in the winemaking process, was utilized as ...
Alam Mohammed Aftab - - 2012
Mi-64, a high molecular weight protein (130 kDa), obtained from the tissue homogenate of marine polychaete (Mastobranchus indicus) collected from the Indian Sunderban has antiarthritic activity in experimental animals. The FCA-induced arthritis model was developed in Wistar albino rats to evaluate the antiarthritic effects of Mi-64. After FCA induction, the rats ...
Kappagoda Tissa - - 2012
In this review, we will examine the physiological responses to exercise in elderly populations (age > 65 years) with and without evidence of heart failure. Aging per se in both men and women is associated with a ~40% lower maximum oxygen consumption in sedentary subjects. In trained individuals, this value is 25-32% lower. ...
Kaufman C L - - 2012
Allogeneic hand transplantation is now a clinical reality. While results have been encouraging, acute rejection rates are higher than in their solid-organ counterparts. In contrast, chronic rejections, as defined by vasculopathy and/or fibrosis and atrophy of skin and other tissues, as well as antibody mediated rejection, have not been reported ...
Tian Chang - - 2012
Nansi Lake is an important storage lake in the east route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project in China, about which there has been serious concern regarding the water quality. In this study, the phytoplankton taxonomic composition, abundance, temporal variations, spatial distribution, and diversity were studied based on a monthly ...
Amant Frédéric - - 2012
Breast cancer staging and treatment are possible during pregnancy, and should be defined in a multidisciplinary setting. Tumour biology, tumour stage, and gestational stage at diagnosis determine the appropriate approach. Surgery for breast cancer is possible during all trimesters of pregnancy. Radiotherapy is possible during pregnancy but, dependent on the ...
Rabin Carolyn - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Young adult cancer survivors face a number of increased medical and psychosocial risks, including an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and emotional distress. Although behavioral strategies, such as exercise, may diminish some of these risks, few behavioral interventions have been developed for this population. PURPOSE: As a first step ...
Eke Paul I - - 2012
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has as one of its strategic goals to support and improve surveillance of periodontal disease. In 2003, CDC initiated the CDC Periodontal Disease Surveillance Project in collaboration with the American Academy of Periodontology to address population-based surveillance of periodontal disease at the ...
- - 2012
Appendix Chair: · Toyoaki Murohara, Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine Members: · Tadayuki Ahiko, Health and Welfare Department, Yamagata Prefecture/Yamagata Prefectural Institute of Public Health · Yoshinori Doi, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Kochi Medical School · Takashi Hanioka, Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, ...
Waghmode Tatoba R - - 2012
This study represents the development of a new batch method by consortium GG-BL using two microbial cultures viz., Galactomyces geotrichum MTCC 1360 and Brevibacillus laterosporus MTCC 2298, by varying environmental conditions for the decolorization and biodegradation of Rubine GFL. Consortium was found to give better decolorization and degradation of Rubine ...
Sun Li-Ping - - 2012
Genes of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis play a key role in male reproductive performance. This study evaluated the polymorphisms of luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) and hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) genes and their effects on sperm quality traits including semen volume per ejaculate (VOL), sperm density (SD), fresh sperm motility (FSM), thawed sperm ...
Hirsch Karen G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the use of hyperosmolar therapy in the management of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and transtentorial herniation (TTH) in patients with renal failure and supratentorial lesions. METHODS: Patients with renal failure undergoing renal replacement therapy treated with 23.4% saline (30-60 mL) and/or mannitol for high ICP or clinical evidence ...
Miguel Bobadilla - - 2012
Emergent plant species growing in Andean natural wetlands have shown efficient phytoremediation capabilities in wetlands polluted by acid mine drainage. However, the types and amounts of heavy metals accumulated by native plant species are not well understood. In this study, we focused on determining heavy metal concentrations and bioaccumulation factors ...
Eschertzhuber S - - 2012
The i-gel(TM) and LMA Supreme(TM) are extraglottic airway devices with non-inflatable and inflatable cuffs, respectively. We hypothesised that directly measured mucosal pressures would differ between these devices in anesthetised paralysed patients. Thirty patients were randomly allocated to receive one of these two devices. Four pressure sensors were attached to all ...
Kiritsi Marianna N - - 2012
Human RNase κ is an endoribonuclease expressed in almost all tissues and organs and belongs to a highly conserved protein family bearing representatives in all metazoans. To gain insight into the role of cysteine residues in the enzyme activity or structure, a recombinant active form of human RNase κ expressed ...
Bussell Jenny - - 2012
UV-B radiation and elevated CO(2) may impact rhizosphere processes through altered below-ground plant resource allocation and root exudation, changes that may have implications for nutrient acquisition. As nutrientslimit plant growth in many habitats, their supply may dictate plant response under elevated CO(2) . This study investigated UV-B exposure and elevated ...
Kaneko Kazunari - - 2012
Oxidative stress (OS) appears to play a pivotal role in many medical conditions. This study aimed to investigate whether OS is associated with Kawasaki disease (KD) or not, and if so, then to determine whether the mechanism of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG) is associated with scavenging reactive oxygen species. Results ...
Nilsson Oskar - - 2012
Aims:  In this study, the molecular diversity among clones of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium with vanA gene (VRE) is investigated. The aims were to better understand why one clone is predominant in Swedish broiler production and to better assess the potential for zoonotic gene transfer from the different clones. Methods ...
Kopsahelis Nikolaos - - 2012
Grape must fermentation performance and volatiles formation by simultaneously cryophilic and thermotolerant yeast (strain AXAZ-1), isolated from grapes in Greece, was evaluated in a wide temperature range (5-40°C). Yeast strain was immobilized on brewer's spent grains (BSG) and the formed biocatalyst was introduced into a Multi-Stage Fixed Bed Tower (MFBT) ...
Pilloni Martina - - 2012
The aim of this work was to evaluate silica nanocomposites as topical drug delivery systems for the model drug, caffeine. Preparation, characterization, and skin permeation properties of caffeine-silica nanocomposites are described. Caffeine was loaded into the nanocomposites by grinding the drug with mesoporous silica in a ball mill up to ...
Nichtweiß M - - 2012
While the diagnosis of vascular dementia rests on established radiomorphological criteria, the term vascular cognitive impairment hitherto is less clear cut and hence the interpretation of white matter changes (WMC) widely held to be caused by vascular disease is pivotal. Part one of this review deals with the description of ...
Shim Choong-Nam - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence and titer of rheumatoid factor (RF) in Korean health screening subjects and consecutive subjects with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and to examine the factors influencing RF positivity. METHODS: This study was performed in 37,660 patients (23,269 men, 14,391 women) ...
Yong Wang Jin - - 2012
MYST histone acetyltransferase 2 (MYST2) is an important reproduction related gene. In this study, we cloned the full-length cDNA sequence of porcine MYST2 gene through the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. The porcine MYST2 gene encodes a protein of 611 amino acids which shares high homology with the MYST2 ...
Bakshi Souvika - - 2012
A new method for obtaining transgenic cowpea was developed using positive selection based on the Escherichia coli 6-phosphomannose isomerase gene as the selectable marker and mannose as the selective agent. Only transformed cells were capable of utilizing mannose as a carbon source. Cotyledonary node explants from 4-day-old in vitro-germinated seedlings ...
Li Bo - - 2012
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of mebendazole in the treatment of Hymenolepis nana infection in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Ten (L. catta) from the Chengdu Zoological Garden in China, which were naturally infected with H. nana, were treated with mebendazole (10 mg/kg for 5 days). A posttreatment fecal ...
Sonawane Avinash - - 2012
Glycoproteins play a critical role in host-pathogen interactions, antigenicity, and virulence determination, and are therefore, considered as potential drug targets. The cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), dominantly contains sugars and lipids. Despite the efforts taken by the World Health Organization to reduce the ...
Cho Kyung-Hee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ischemic lesion growth may be a surrogate marker of clinical outcome, but no such interrelationship after thrombolysis has yet been determined. We evaluated the association between early infarct growth on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and long-term clinical outcome after thrombolysis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes in patients with acute middle ...
Alaräisänen Antti - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate those ante- and perinatal circumstances preceding suicide attempts and suicides, which have so far not been studied intensively. METHODS: Examination of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 10,742), originally based on antenatal questionnaire data and now followed up from mid-pregnancy to age 39, to ascertain psychiatric disorders ...
Kunovac Kallak T - - 2012
Objective Vaginal estradiol is considered contraindicated in aromatase inhibitor (AI)-treated patients because of the risk of elevated estrogen levels. This leaves limited treatment options for patients experiencing gynecological symptoms. However, in clinical practice, no precise estimation has been performed of circulating estrogens and aromatase index in postmenopausal breast cancer patients ...
Sornpaisarn Bundit - - 2012
Aim  Prevention of drinking initiation is a significant challenge in low- and middle-income countries that have a high prevalence of abstainers, including life-time abstainers. This paper aims to encourage a debate on an alternative alcohol taxation approach used currently in Thailand, which aims specifically to prevent drinking initiation in addition ...
Sobral D - - 2012
Multiple locus variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) has been shown to provide a high level of information for epidemiological investigations and the follow-up of Pseudomonas aeruginosa chronic infection. In the present study, an automatized MLVA assay has been developed for the analysis of 16 VNTRs in two ...
Long Chengli - - 2012
R50 (sym16) is a pea nodulation mutant that accumulates cytokinin (CK) in its vegetative organs.Total CK content increases as the plant ages because of the low activity of the enzyme cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX) responsible for CK degradation.R50 exhibits a large seed with high relative water content, and its seedling establishes ...
Song Suisui - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of the first postsurgery carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) and total mesorectal excision. METHODS: A total of 100 patients underwent nCRT and had baseline and posttreatment CEA levels recorded within 6 months of surgery. ...
Buchhorn Reiner - - 2012
Although an extensive number of studies support the efficacy and tolerability of stimulants in the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in recent years, increasing concerns have been raised about their cardiovascular safety. We investigated whether a time domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) recordings in 24-h ECG under ...
Green Deborah M - - 2012
Introduction. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has very high morbidity and mortality rates. Optimal intensive care unit (ICU) management requires knowledge of the potential complications that occur in this patient population. Methods. Review of the ICU management of SAH. Level of evidence for specific recommendations is provided. Results. Grading scales utilizing ...
Shetty Shashirekha - - 2012
Targeted FISH analysis is an essential component of the management of plasma cell myeloma for identification of cytogenetic abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the column-free method, RoboSep(®) (RS), for sorting CD138-expressing cells in bone marrow aspirates. Comparative analysis of column-based and RS methodologies was carried out ...
Shorter John R - - 2012
In order to identify genes that are influencing defensive behaviors, we have taken a new approach by dissecting colony-level defensive behavior into individual behavioral measurements using two families containing backcross workers from matings involving European and Africanized bees. We removed the social context from stinging behavior by using a laboratory ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2012
In the present work, several novel optically active nanostructure poly(amide-imide)s (PAI)s were synthesized via step-growth polymerization reaction of chiral diacids based on pyromellitic dianhydride-derived dicarboxylic acids containing different natural amino acids such as L: -alanine, S-valine, L: -leucine, L: -isoleucine, L: -methionine, and L: -phenylalanine with 2-(3,5-diaminophenyl)-benzimidazole under green conditions ...
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