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Results 451 - 500 of 4120
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Ozkan Derya - - 2012
PURPOSE: Administration of remifentanil can be a reliable method for preventing airway reflex responses during emergence. We therefore investigated the effect of maintaining target controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil for smooth cLMA removal during emergence from desflurane-remifentanil anaesthesia. METHODS: Forty-one patients undergoing uretero-renoscopy under general anesthesia with desflurane and at ...
Ruschke Karen - - 2012
The musculoskeletal system is a tight network of many tissues. Coordinated interplay at a biochemical level between tissues is essential for development and repair. Traumatic injury usually affects several tissues and represents a large challenge in clinical settings. The current demand for potent growth factors in such applications thus accompanies ...
Kazama I - - 2012
Lymphocytes are of rich in delayed rectifier K(+)-channels (Kv1.3) in their plasma membranes, and the channels play crucial roles in the lymphocyte activation and proliferation. Since chloroquine, a widely used anti-malarial drug, exerts immunosuppressive effects, it will affect the channel currents in lymphocytes. In the present study, employing the standard ...
Chang Anthony C - - 2012
The preparticipation screening for athlete participation in sports typically entails a comprehensive medical and family history and a complete physical examination. A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) can increase the likelihood of detecting cardiac diagnoses such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but this diagnostic test as part of the screening process has engendered considerable ...
Kim In-Wook - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine serum selenium (Se) levels during the development of liver disease as well as the possible Se supplementation benefits in liver disease patients. Serum was collected from 187 patients with liver diseases and 120 normal healthy people living in Seoul. The samples were ...
Fu Zhenyan - - 2012
Background: CYP4A11 (cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily A, polypeptide 11) converts arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), which plays a crucial role in the modulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the human CYP4A11 gene and coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: ...
Nayak Sunita - - 2012
Silk sericin protein is a natural, hydrophilic, macromolecular glycoprotein mainly synthesized in the middle silk gland of the silkworm. It constitutes 25-30% of the silk cocoon. Sericin proteins have antioxidant, antimicrobial, UV-resistant properties, promote wound healing and support cell proliferation even in serum-free media. Most of the sericin is discarded ...
Sas-Chen Aldema - - 2012
Signaling networks are involved in development, as well as in malignancy of the mammary gland. Distinct external stimuli activate intricate signaling cascades, which culminate in the activation of specific transcriptional programs. These signal-specific transcriptional programs are instigated by transcription factors (TFs) encoded by the immediate early genes (IEGs), and they ...
Arivarasu N A - - 2012
We have previously shown that a single oral dose of potassium dichromate results in a decrease in the activities of several brush border membrane enzymes, produces oxidative stress, and alters the activities of several antioxidant enzymes in the small intestine of rats. In the present study, we have investigated the ...
Soyoral Yasemin Usul - - 2012
In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) predisposition to bleeding is frequently seen due to disturbances in platelet adhesion and aggregation. Various tests have been utilized to evaluate the disturbance of hemostasis in end-stage renal disease patients. In this trial; we evaluated skin bleeding time in patients admitted to our ...
Hiramatsu N - - 2012
Recent investigations have revealed multiplicity in maternal yolk precursors and their corresponding ovarian lipoprotein receptors (LRs) in diverse oviparous vertebrates, including fishes. This mini-review describes further evidence for the system of fish egg yolk formation mediated by multiple ovarian LRs, which have been obtained by studies utilizing a combination of ...
Sharada R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Tarsal coalitions are common in the middle talocalcaneal joints and prognosis of intracapsular fractures in the region is bad. So this study was done to know the size, shape and number of talar articular facets and the distance between the two anterior facets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Caldwell Joanne N - - 2012
Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males ...
Kochius Svenja - - 2012
The applicability of dissolved redox mediators for NAD(P)(+) regeneration has been demonstrated several times. Nevertheless, the use of mediators in solutions for sensor applications is not a very convenient strategy since the analysis is not reagentless and long stabilization times occur. The most important drawbacks of dissolved mediators in biocatalytic ...
Oshima Hideki - - 2012
Carotid angiography employing a percutaneous technique, which was devised by Shimizu in 1937, was popularized among neurosurgeons in Japan soon after World War II. This opened up an opportunity for them to encounter and investigate moyamoya disease, since this disease is more common among Asians. They began to publish their ...
Hseu You-Cheng - - 2012
Chalcones have been described to represent cancer chemo-preventive food components that are rich in fruits and vegetables. In this study, we examined the anti-oral cancer effect of Flavokawain B (FKB), a naturally occurring chalcone isolated from Alpinia pricei (shell gingers), and revealed its molecular mechanism of action. Treatment of human ...
Gohain Bornali - - 2012
Darjeeling teas are the highest grown teas in the world and preferred for its flavour, aroma and quality. Apart from the genetic makeup of the plant, earlier reports suggest that insect infestation, particularly jassids and thrips triggers the aroma and flavour formation in Darjeeling tea. The present work encompasses the ...
Hosoya Akihiro - - 2012
The cells of the subodontoblastic cell-rich layer in dental pulp are speculated to contain odontoblast progenitor cells because of their positional relationship with odontoblasts as well as their high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. However, it has yet to be determined whether these cells have the ability to differentiate into odontoblastic ...
Jang Moon Ju - - 2012
The frequency of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutations varies between racial and ethnic groups, and there are also conflicting data regarding MTHFR gene mutations in Asian patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to examine the association between common MTHFR gene mutations (677C>T and 1298A>C) and risk ...
Rey Diego - - 2012
PC-1 Gln121 gene is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance in European/American Caucasoids and Orientals. We have aimed to correlate for the first time this gene in Amerindians with obesity and their corresponding individuals genotypes with obesity in order to establish preventive medicine programs for ...
Schuenke Mark D - - 2012
Thirty-four untrained women participated in a 6-week program to investigate slow-speed versus "normal" speed resistance-training protocols. Subjects were divided into: slow-speed (SS), normal-speed/traditional-strength (TS), normal-speed/traditional muscular endurance (TE), and non-exercising control (C) groups. Leg press, squats, and knee extensions were performed 2 days/week for the first week and 3 days/week for the ...
Udenigwe Chibuike C - - 2012
The aim of this work was to determine the multifunctional properties of flaxseed protein-derived cationic peptide fractions. Alcalase hydrolysis of flaxseed protein fractions liberated cationic peptides, which were separated into two major fractions (FI and FII) by chromatography using a cation-exchange column. Due to their cationic property, the peptide fractions ...
Wang Mei Jiao - - 2012
Prohibitin is a highly conserved major sperm mitochondrial membrane protein whose absence in somatic cells is associated with mitochondrial membrane depolarization and increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Our recent findings suggest that high levels of oxidants in human semen may contribute to male infertility and that sperm motility ...
Scaini Giselli - - 2012
Maple syrup urine disease is an inherited metabolic disease predominantly characterized by neurological dysfunction. However, the mechanisms underlying the neuropathology of this disease are still not defined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute and chronic administration of a branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) pool ...
Chandrashekar S - - 2012
There is an ever-increasing need for advanced batteries for portable electronics, to power electric vehicles and to facilitate the distribution and storage of energy derived from renewable energy sources. The increasing demands on batteries and other electrochemical devices have spurred research into the development of new electrode materials that could ...
Wang Xue - - 2012
We developed a light-switchable transgene system based on a synthetic, genetically encoded light-switchable transactivator. The transactivator binds promoters upon blue-light exposure and rapidly initiates transcription of target transgenes in mammalian cells and in mice. This transgene system provides a robust and convenient way to spatiotemporally control gene expression and can ...
Rice William D - - 2012
We have observed a nearly fourfold increase in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal from an ensemble of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) due to oxygen desorption. By performing temperature-dependent ESR spectroscopy both before and after thermal annealing, we found that the ESR in SWCNTs can be reversibly altered via the ...
Rodriguez Patricia - - 2012
We recently showed that T. cruzi parasites enhance expression of co-stimulatory surface molecules on cord blood myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs). This study aims to gain insight into the role of live parasites and intracellular infection in mDC activation using CSFE-labelled parasites. First, we observed that only a low proportion of ...
Combs Stephanie A - - 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and effects of an upper extremity gaming system on impairments, activity and participation restrictions in persons with chronic stroke. Method: Nine participants with chronic (5.4 SD 3 years after stroke) upper extremity impairment due to stroke completed 18 sessions ...
Wu Xin - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of glutamate (Glu) and citrate (Cit) on the absorption and distribution of aluminum in rats. In the in vitro experiment, 18 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (average weight of 250 ± 15 g) were randomly divided into three groups. The entire intestine was rapidly ...
Martín-Durán José María - - 2012
Photoreception is one of the most primitive sensory functions in metazoans. Despite the diversity of forms and components of metazoan eyes, many studies have demonstrated the existence of a common cellular and molecular basis for their development. Genes like pax6, sine oculis, eyes absent, dachshund, otx, Rx and atonal are ...
Sibov Tatiana Taís - - 2012
Isolation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from umbilical cord blood (UCB) from full-term deliveries is a laborious, time-consuming process that results in a low yield of cells. In this study we identified parameters that can be helpful for a successful isolation of UCB-MSCs. According to our findings, chances for a ...
Agrawal Mukesh - - 2012
This study reports on a facile and versatile approach for modification of macroscopic surface via grafting of multifunctional poly(2-oxazoline) molecules in brush-like conformation. For this purpose, carboxyl-terminated poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline) molecules have been synthesized by ring opening cationic polymerization and subsequently grafted on underlined substrates by exploiting the "grafting to" approach. A ...
Low Kathryn Graff - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the USA and is a particular threat to those with coronary disease. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a client-centered, directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence about altering behavior. PURPOSE: This study examined the efficacy of MI compared ...
Nechvatalova Jana - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Selective deficiency IgA (IgAD) is the most common primary abnormality of immunoglobulin production with unknown pathophysiology. It is genetically related to common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), where besides IgA also IgG and frequently IgM serum levels are decreased. In this study we focused on determination of B-lymphocyte developmental stages and ...
Hu Shudong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess retrospectively the imaging features of computed tomography (CT) and clinical characteristics of epidermoid cyst in intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIPAS). METHODS: Seven consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed ECIPAS were included. CT images and clinical data were analyzed. The CT features emphasized included the location, size, ...
Miao Feng - - 2012
TaO<sub>x</sub>-based memristors have recently demonstrated both subnanosecond resistance switching speeds and very high write/erase switching endurance. Here we show that the physical state variable that enables these properties is the oxygen concentration in a conduction channel, based on the measurement of the thermal coefficient of resistance of different TaO<sub>x</sub> memristor ...
Varol Ercan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the values of mean platelet volume (MPV) in regular smokers and the effect of smoking cessation on MPV. The study group consisted of 116 regular smokers (57 females and 59 males; mean age 46.3 ± 12.7 years) and the control group was ...
Zuleger Nikolaj - - 2012
The inner nuclear membrane harbors a unique set of membrane proteins, many of which interact with nuclear intermediate filaments and chromatin components and thus play an important role in nuclear organization and gene expression regulation. These membrane proteins have to be constantly transported into the nucleus from their sites of ...
Ciccocioppo Roberto - - 2012
Animal models have been successfully developed to mimic and study alcoholism. These models have the unique feature of allowing the researcher to control for the genetic characteristics of the animal, alcohol exposure and environment. Moreover, these animal models allow pharmacological, neurochemical and behavioral manipulations otherwise impossible. Unquestionably, one of the ...
Buck Volker U - - 2012
The human uterine epithelium is characterised by remarkable plasticity with cyclic changes in differentiation that are controlled by ovarian steroid hormones to optimise conditions for embryo implantation. To understand whether and how cell-cell adhesion is affected, the localisation of junction proteins was studied throughout the menstrual cycle. Expression patterns were ...
Cai Min - - 2012
Gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging has proven to be invaluable not only in assessing myocardial perfusion, but also in providing functional and volumetric information. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of clinical variables and rest gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging for ...
Ragnarsdóttir Bryndís - - 2012
Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of urinary tract infection (UTI) pathogenesis has advanced greatly in recent years. In this review, we provide a general background of UTI pathogenesis, followed by an update on the mechanisms of UTI susceptibility, with a particular focus on genetic variation affecting innate immunity. The ...
Mandal Indrajit - - 2012
This paper presents more accurate and reliable computational methods for aiding the treatment of people with coronary artery disease. New techniques are introduced for improved evaluation and distinguish cardiac disease affected patients from the healthy controls. Experiments are conducted with high level of error tolerance rate and confidence level at ...
Postel-Vinay Sophie - - 2012
Ewing sarcoma, a pediatric tumor characterized by EWSR1-ETS fusions, is predominantly observed in populations of European ancestry. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 401 French individuals with Ewing sarcoma, 684 unaffected French individuals and 3,668 unaffected individuals of European descent and living in the United States. We identified ...
Weber Franz - - 2012
Typically, neurons in sensory areas are highly interconnected. Coupling two neurons can synchronize their activity and affect a variety of single-cell properties, such as their stimulus tuning, firing rate or gain. All of these factors must be considered to understand how two neurons should be coupled to optimally process stimuli. ...
Li Li-Na - - 2012
In this paper, we present an effective and efficient computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on principle component analysis (PCA) and extreme learning machine (ELM) to assist the task of thyroid disease diagnosis. The CAD system is comprised of three stages. Focusing on dimension reduction, the first stage applies PCA ...
Yuan Zhengrong - - 2012
Bovine mastitis is a very complex and common disease of dairy cattle and a major source of economic losses to the dairy industry worldwide. In this study, the bovine breast cancer 1, early onset gene (BRCA1) was taken as a candidate gene for mastitis resistance. The main object of this ...
Poli Tommaso - - 2012
The study of polished cross sections is a well-assessed and practical method to investigate the stratigraphy of paintings and multilayer polychromies on works of art, in general. Analyses on cross sections allow us to characterize, at once, all the layers in the stratigraphy, giving information about the artists technique, the ...
Wiesemann S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The common practice to stop therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and/or clopidogrel perioperatively is critically discussed in the literature. There are no generally accepted guidelines for the handling of this problem. In this article the present strategy of perioperative antiplatelet therapy applied in German thoracic surgery departments was investigated. ...
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