Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 3388
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gill Harindarpal S - - 2012
NBCe1-A is an integral membrane protein that cotransports Na+ and HCO3 - ions across the basolateral membrane of the proximal tubule. It is essential for maintaining a homeostatic balance of cellular and blood pH. In X-ray diffraction studies, we reported that the cytoplasmic, N-terminal domain of NBCe1-A (NtNBCe1-A) is a ...
Lin E - - 2012
Both growth hormone (GH) excess and GH deficiency are associated with abnormalities in body composition and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in patients with pituitary disorders. However, the effects of developing GH deficiency after definitive treatment of acromegaly are largely unknown. To determine whether development of GH deficiency after definitive therapy ...
Jones Clifford B - - 2012
Traditional screw or plate fixation options can be used to fix the majority of sacral fractures. However, these techniques are unreliable with dysmorphic upper sacral segments, U-fractures, osseous compression of neural elements, and previously failed fixation. Lumbopelvic fixation can potentially address these injuries but is a technically demanding procedure requiring ...
Faris Jason E - - 2012
Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies, with a historically poor prognosis as a whole. Until recently, the development of effective therapeutics was hampered by the relatively low incidence, heterogeneity in patients and tumors, and correspondingly poor clinical trial enrollments. With the publication of the landmark phase ...
Patterson Andrew D - - 2012
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose causes acute liver failure in humans and rodents due in part to the destruction of mitochondria as a result of increased oxidative stress followed by hepatocellular necrosis. Activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that controls the expression of ...
Clark Paul J - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) subverts host cholesterol metabolism for key processes in its lifecycle. How this interference results in the frequently observed, genotype-dependent clinical sequelae of hypocholesterolemia, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance (IR) remains incompletely understood. Hypocholesterolemia typically resolves after sustained viral response (SVR), implicating viral interference in host lipid ...
Frau Maddalena - - 2012
Down-regulation of the liver-specific MAT1A gene, encoding S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthesizing isozymes MATI/III, and up-regulation of widely expressed MAT2A, encoding MATII isozyme, known as MAT1A:MAT2A switch, occurs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we found Mat1A:Mat2A switch and low SAM levels, associated with CpG hypermethylation and histone H4 deacetylation of Mat1A promoter, ...
Moriya Kei - - 2012
Acute liver injury causes massive hepatocyte apoptosis and/or fatal liver damage. Fibronectin, an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, is prominently expressed during adult tissue repair. However, the extent of fibronectin dependence on hepatocyte response to acute liver damage remains to be defined. Because identification of hepatic survival factors is critical for successful ...
Wang Bo - - 2012
Considerable effort has been made in elucidating the mechanism and functional significance of high levels of aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells, commonly referred to as the Warburg effect. Here we investigated whether the gluconeogenic pathway is significantly modulated in hepatocarcinogenesis, resulting in altered levels of glucose homeostasis. To test this ...
Ma Wen-Lung - - 2012
Early reports suggested androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signals promote hepatocarcinogenesis. However, all antiandrogen clinical trials failed in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without reasonable explanations. We examined AR functions in HCC cancer metastasis in this study. We examined hepatic AR roles in HCC metastasis by comparing liver hepatocyte AR knockout and wildtype ...
Liu Shi - - 2012
Major vault protein (MVP) is the major constituent of vaults and is involved in multidrug resistance, nucleocytoplasmic transport, and cell signaling. However, little is known about the role of MVP during viral infections. In this study, high levels of MVP were found in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, sera, and liver ...
Ferguson-Myrthil Nadia - - 2012
Vasopressors are a heterogeneous potent class of medications designed to increase blood pressure in emergent hypotensive situations. The goal of therapy is to increase blood pressure and maintain adequate perfusion, allowing nutrient and oxygen delivery to vital organs. Norepinephrine, phenylephrine, dopamine, epinephrine, and vasopressin are five vasopressors available in the ...
Balamurugan A N - - 2012
The optimal enzyme blend that maximizes human islet yield for transplantation remains to be determined. In this study, we evaluated eight different enzyme combinations (ECs) in an attempt to improve islet yield. The ECs consisted of purified, intact or truncated class 1 (C1) and class 2 (C2) collagenases from Clostridium ...
Toldrá Fidel - - 2012
The amounts of sodium chloride in the formulation of a variety of foods like bakery, meats and dairy foods, ready meals, sauces and snacks, are relatively large and thus, have a strong contribution on the salt dietary intake. There is a clear demand by the consumers and medical associations to ...
Soukoulis Christos - - 2012
Bran is the outer part of cereal grains that is separated during the cereals de-hulling and milling processes. It was considered in the past a by-product of cereal industry employed mainly as animal feed. Cereal bran, being particularly rich in different functional biopolymers, bio-active compounds and essential fatty acids, attracted ...
Gollücke Andréa P B - - 2012
We presently discuss the use of grape polyphenols for promoting human health and disclose recent patents on the subject. The biological effects of grape polyphenols in human and experimental models demonstrate antioxidant properties closely associated with the maintenance of endothelial function, increase in antioxidant capacity, protection against LDL oxidation and ...
Sonkaria Sanjiv - - 2012
The last decade has witnessed the development and arrival of novel nano-based food materials, innovative food packaging, intelligent delivery mechanisms of nutrients and bioactive materials, implementation of green nanotechnologies for crop production and nano-biosensors to provide safer foods and waste reduction. Opportunities to exploit and develop nanotechnologies in the food ...
Abushelaibi Aisha A - - 2012
This article reviews the patents showing the use of antimicrobial agents in processing plants to eliminate the growth of the microorganism that affects on the quality and safety of the end products. Several materials have unique antimicrobial effects, especially towards biofilms in the processing equipments. The selection of a proper ...
Linnman Clas - - 2012
Individual differences in a person's ability to control fear have been linked to activation in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and the amygdala. This study investigated whether functional variance in this network can be predicted by resting metabolism in these same regions. The authors measured resting ...
Magdeldin Sameh - - 2012
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens comprise a potentially valuable resource for both prospective and retrospective biomarker discovery. Unlocking the proteomic profile of clinicopathological FFPE tissues is a critically essential step for annotating clinical findings and predicting biomarkers for ultimate disease prognosis and therapeutic follow-up.
Niederkrotenthaler Thomas - - 2012
Suicidal behavior on the subway often involves young people and has a considerable impact on public life, but little is known about factors associated with suicides and suicide attempts in specific subway stations. Between 1979 and 2009, 185 suicides and 107 suicide attempts occurred on the subway in Vienna, Austria. ...
Narciso Heather E - - 2012
In the spring of 2009, New York City (NYC) experienced the emergence and rapid spread of pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus (pH1N1), which had a high attack rate in children and caused many school closures. During the 2009 fall wave of pH1N1, a school-located vaccination campaign for elementary schoolchildren was ...
Farrah Terry T Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2012
Public repositories for proteomics data have accelerated proteomics research by enabling more efficient cross-analyses of datasets, supporting the creation of protein and peptide compendia of experimental results, supporting the development and testing of new software tools, and facilitating the manuscript review process. The repositories available to date have been designed ...
Di Domenico Fabio F Department of Chemistry, Center of Membrane Sciences, and Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, - - 2012
The human LRRK2 gene has been identified as the most common causative gene of autosomal-dominantly inherited and idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). The G2019S substitution is the most common mutation in LRRK2. The R1441C mutation also occurs in cases of familial PD, but is not as prevalent. Some cases of LRRK2-based ...
Griffin Diane E - - 2012
Measles remains one of the most important causes of child morbidity and mortality worldwide with the greatest burden in the youngest children. Most acute measles deaths are owing to secondary infections that result from a poorly understood measles-induced suppression of immune responses. Young children are also vulnerable to late development ...
Shi Xiaoke - - 2012
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), byproducts of aerobic metabolism, are increased in many types of cancer cells. Increased endogenous ROS lead to adaptive changes and may play pivotal roles in tumorigenesis, metastasis, and resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. In contrast, the ROS generated by xenobiotics disturb the redox balance and may ...
Kerpedjieva Svetoslava S - - 2012
Cell therapy with adult bone marrow multipotential stromal cells/mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) presents a promising approach to promote wound healing and tissue regeneration. The strong paracrine capability of various growth factors and cytokines is a key mechanism of MSC-mediated wound healing and tissue regeneration, and the goal of this study ...
Pulcrano Giovanna - - 2012
The ability to form biofilm on different surfaces is typical of most Candida species. Microscopic structure and genetic aspects of fungal biofilms have been the object of many studies because of very high resistance to antimycotic agents because of the scarce permeability of the external matrix and to the alterations ...
Flasiński Michał - - 2012
1-O-Octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF) and its deacetylated precursor (lyso-PAF) are membrane-active single-chained ether phospholipids, which play an important signaling role in different physiological processes. There is strong evidence that one of the possible mechanisms of PAF and lyso-PAF activity is connected with their direct influence on biomembranes. Although both lipids have very ...
Shi Huilin - - 2012
Ion mobility and mass spectrometry measurements are used to examine the gas-phase populations of [M+8H](8+) ubiquitin ions formed upon electrospraying 20 different solutions from 100:0 to 5:95 water:methanol that are maintained at pH = 2.0. Over this range of solution conditions, mobility distributions for the +8 charge state show substantial ...
Tschopp Markus - - 2012
: To analyze the influence of corneal cross-linking (CXL) using ultraviolet-A and riboflavin on corneal drug penetration of topically applied drugs. : In an ex vivo porcine eye model, eyes were randomly assigned to CXL or control treatment. Central corneal thickness and anterior chamber depth were measured with a Pentacam ...
Wu Francis Fu-Sheng - - 2012
Background and aims. Atopic patients are advised to cover their mattresses with occlusive coverings; however, these are not cheap. We investigated whether daily vacuum cleaning of mattresses significantly reduces content of house dust mite allergens, bacterial endotoxin, and fungal β-glucan. Methods. Twenty volunteers vacuumed their mattress daily for 8 weeks. ...
Dummer Reinhard - - 2012
After years of therapeutic approaches with limited effects in metastatic melanoma, new inhibitors of serine-threonine and tyrosine kinases have demonstrated impressive clinical efficacy and improved survival. This review explains the molecular background for the development of specific kinase inhibitors and briefly summarizes their clinical impact on advanced melanoma. Despite robust ...
Heijne Janneke C M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Healthcare workers are thought to play a role in nosocomial transmission of norovirus, but the level and direction of norovirus transmission between patients and healthcare workers in sustaining transmission during an outbreak have not been quantified. METHODS:: We developed a method for finding plausible transmission trees of who acquired ...
Lee Joo-Yong - - 2012
Synaptic vesicle Zn is regulated by zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) and is involved in neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. Here, we describe extensive alterations of ZnT3-regulated Zn pools in the brains of human amyloid precursor protein-transgenic (Tg2576) mice. In contrast to wild-type littermates in which ZnT3 expression and synaptic Zn increased ...
Ricci Stephanie - - 2012
Women with HBOC syndrome present a unique challenge to the oncology community, as will many genetic cancer syndromes yet to be discovered as genetic testing increases in availability. Issues of management and, most importantly, implication are yet to be elucidated. After a diagnosis of epithelial ovarian carcinoma lifelong follow-up is ...
Frugier Tony - - 2012
Glial scars that consist predominantly of reactive astrocytes create a major barrier to neuronal regeneration after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In experimental TBI, Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands are upregulated on reactive astrocytes at injury sites and inhibit axonal regeneration, but very little is known about Eph receptors in ...
Dimaio Michael A - - 2012
We report 3 unique cases of extensive myometrial infiltration by foamy histiocytes in uteri removed for benign conditions. The histologic findings were similar and consisted of diffuse infiltration of myometrium by clusters, cords, and sheets of CD163-positive histiocytes with no other significant inflammatory cell component. Most of the histiocytes had ...
Levallois Patrick - - 2012
There is concern about possible effects of disinfection by-products on reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal exposure to chlorination by-products and the risk of delivering a small for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate. We conducted a population-based case-control study in the Québec City (Canada) area. ...
Walker Jane - - 2012
Sclerosing peritonitis is an uncommon condition that has been reported in patients with luteinized ovarian thecomas, although some pathologists have suggested that the underlying ovarian pathology is not always neoplastic. We now report sclerosing peritonitis in a patient with an uncommon, luteinized variant of an adult granulosa cell tumor. To ...
Yamamoto Sohei - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to develop a histological grading system for ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA), based on the tumor growth architectures. Cases were defined as Group A if ≥90% of a tumor examined was composed of well-differentiated tubulocystic and/or papillary architectures; Group C if at least 10% of ...
Chevrier Jonathan - - 2012
: Studies of autoworkers exposed to straight metalworking fluids report excess risks of several cancers. These studies, however, have not addressed the healthy-worker survivor effect. Most methods proposed to address this bias do not consider that it may be caused by time-varying confounders affected by prior exposure. G-estimation of accelerated ...
Postle Anthony D - - 2012
Lipidomics characterizes the composition of intact lipid molecular species in biological systems and the field has been driven by some spectacular advances in mass spectrometry instrumentation and applications. This review will highlight these advances and outline their recent application to address clinical issues. This review first identifies recent advances in ...
Mawhinney Leah A - - 2012
The acute inflammatory response that follows spinal cord injury (SCI) contributes to secondary injury that results in the expansion of the lesion and further loss of neurologic function. A cascade of receptor-mediated signaling events after SCI leads to activation of innate immune responses including the migration of microglia and active ...
Vanderweele Tyler J - - 2012
In this paper, we discuss relationships between causal interactions within the counterfactual framework and interference in which the exposure of one person may affect the outcomes of another. We show that the empirical tests for causal interactions can, in fact, all be adapted to empirical tests for particular forms of ...
Uyarel Huseyin - - 2012
The aim of the present study is to investigate incidence, predictors, and long-term outcomes of suboptimal coronary flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a large population. A total of 2056 consecutive patients with STEMI (mean age 56.2±11.7 years, 1738 men, 318 women) undergoing ...
Ragnarsson Kristjan T - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There are many different paths that lead to an academic physiatric career and a lifelong interest in spinal cord injury (SCI) medicine. It is unfortunate that after decades of cellular-based research in multiple laboratories, there are still no interventions available that can reverse the neurologic loss that follows SCI. ...
Verney Catherine - - 2012
Disabilities after brain injury in very preterm infants have mainly been attributed to noncystic periventricular white matter injury (PWMI). We analyzed spatiotemporal patterns of PWMI in the brains of 18 very preterm infants (25-29 postconceptional weeks [pcw]), 7 preterm infants (30-34 pcw), and 10 preterm controls without PWMI. In very ...
Nakayama Kentaro - - 2012
Uterine leiomyosarcoma associated with the paraneoplastic production of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (GCSF) is extremely rare. No case has been reported to date in the English literature. We describe a case of a 56-year-old female with recurrent uterin leiomyosarcoma, associated with leukocytosis (19100/mm) and an elevated serum GCSF (33.0 pg/ml). Tumore ...
Cakar M Akif - - 2012
The incidence of dual left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in normal hearts has been reported to range from 0.13 to 1%. Type IV dual LAD differs from the other three types in the origination of the long LAD from the right coronary sinus. We present a case of type ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >