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Schrader Charlotte - - 2012
A number of cardioprotective effects, including the reduced oxidation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, have been attributed to dietary soy isoflavones. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), an enzyme mainly synthesized in the liver, may exhibit anti-atherogenic activity by protecting LDL from oxidation. Thus, dietary and pharmacological inducers of PON1 may decrease ...
Mahajan Kiran K Drug Discovery Department, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA. - - 2012
AKT/PKB serine threonine kinase, a critical signaling molecule promoting cell growth and survival pathways, is frequently dysregulated in many cancers. Although phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI3K), a lipid kinase, is well characterized as a major regulator of AKT activation in response to a variety of ligands, recent studies highlight a diverse group ...
Lo Grace H GH Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
To investigate associations of varus thrust and varus static alignment with pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). This was a cross-sectional study of participants from a randomized controlled trial of vitamin D treatment for knee OA. Participants were video recorded while walking and scored for presence of varus thrust. ...
Turcot Valérie - - 2012
A previous expression profiling of VAT (visceral adipose tissue) revealed that the TSLP (thymic stromal lymphopoietin) gene was less expressed in severely obese men with (n=7) compared with without (n=7) the MetS (metabolic syndrome). We hypothesized that TSLP SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) are associated with TSLP gene expression in VAT ...
Tsuchiya Masato M Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2012
Alcoholic liver injury is a major public health issue worldwide. Even though the major mechanisms of this disease have been established over the past decades, little is known about genetic susceptibility factors that may predispose individuals who abuse alcoholic beverages to liver damage and subsequent pathological conditions. We hypothesized that ...
Li Li - - 2012
Pilomatricoma is a common benign neoplasm of the skin characterized by a solid cutaneous nodule of hair matrix origin. The anetodermal or lymphangiectatic variant of pilomatricoma is rare, and its bullous appearance is often associated with attenuated collagen and elastic fibrils and dilated lymphatic vessels in the overlying dermis. However, ...
Laroche Mathieu - - 2012
Traumatic brain injury has long been associated with abnormal coagulation parameters, but the exact mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. Coagulopathy after traumatic brain injury includes hypercoagulable and hypocoagulable states that can lead to secondary injury by either the induction of microthrombosis or the progression of hemorrhagic brain lesions. ...
Zhao Fei - - 2012
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are a heterogeneous population of cells that negatively regulate the immune response during tumour progression, inflammation and infection. Only limited data are available on human MDSC because of the lack of specific markers. We have identified members of the S100 protein family-S100A8, S100A9 and S100A12 - ...
Diop Soda Balla - - 2012
Obesity and cardiovascular disease are among the world's leading causes of death, especially in Western countries where consumption of high caloric food is commonly accompanied by low physical activity. This lifestyle often leads to energy imbalance, obesity, diabetes and their associated metabolic disorders, including cardiovascular diseases. It has become increasingly ...
Wosczyna Michael N MN Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Center for Regenerative Biology, University of Connecticut Stem Cell Institute, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, - - 2012
Heterotopic ossification is a debilitating condition that can result from traumatic injury, surgery, or genetic disease. We investigated the cellular origins of heterotopic skeletogenesis in the mouse using lineage tracing and bioassays of heterotopic ossification based on intramuscular transplantation. We identified, characterized, and purified a tissue-resident stem/progenitor cell population that ...
Reynolds Heidi W - - 2012
Measurement of condom use is important to assess progress in increasing use. Since 2003, the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) have included new measures of self-reported condom use. We use data from Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, and Zambia to compare measures of condom use accounting for ...
Nagai Yasuhiro - - 2012
Natural killer (NK) group 2D (NKG2D) is a key activating receptor expressed on NK cells, whose interaction with ligands on target cells plays an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the effect of histamine on NKG2D ligands on tumour cells is unclear. Here we showed that human monocytic leukaemia THP-1 cells ...
Sun N - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder and the most common cause of dementia. Today, only palliative therapies are available. The pathological hallmarks of AD are the presence of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques, mainly composed of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), in the brains of the patients. Several lines ...
Qing Hai H School of Dentistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64108-2784, - - 2012
Osteoclasts are thought to be solely responsible for the removal of bone matrix. However, we show here that osteocytes can also remove bone matrix by reversibly remodeling their perilacunar/canalicular matrix during the reproductive cycle. In contrast, no osteocytic remodeling was observed with experimental unloading despite similar degrees of bone loss. ...
Vyas A - - 2012
Mango tree, Mangifera indica, has been cultivated in India and several other tropical countries for centuries, and it is a good source of compound 'mangiferin'. Mangiferin's xanthonoid structure with C-glucosyl linkage and polyhydroxy component is believed to be crucial for its free radical-scavenging ability leading to a potent antioxidant effect. ...
Sonneveld Milan J - - 2012
Peginterferon (PEG-IFN) treatment of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) results in HBeAg loss in 30% of patients, but clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) from serum is less often achieved. We investigated whether the presence of precore (PC) and ...
Woo Se Joon - - 2012
To evaluate the safety of bilateral same-day intravitreal injections using a single vial and to introduce a molecular surveillance system to screen bacterial drug contamination using eubacterial polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Retrospective review of the medical records of 135 patients who received 574 bilateral same-day intravitreal injections for various retinal ...
Karakaya Tarik - - 2012
To date, there are no approved and established pharmacologic treatment options for tauopathies, a very heterogenous group of neuropsychiatric diseases often leading to dementia and clinically diagnosed as atypical Parkinson syndromes. Among these so-called Parkinson plus syndromes are progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), also referred to as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome; frontotemporal dementia ...
van Dam Rick A - - 2012
The use of the no observed effect concentration (NOEC) and lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) in ecotoxicology has been consistently criticized for over 30 years. A search of the literature from the past 30 years found 22 articles challenging the validity and/or appropriateness of NOEC/LOEC data compared to only one ...
Poole Jill A JA Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-5300, USA. - - 2012
Agriculture represents a major industry worldwide, and despite protection against the development of IgE-mediated diseases, chronic exposure to agriculture-related organic dusts is associated with an increased risk of developing respiratory disease. This article will review the literature regarding new knowledge of important etiologic agents in the dusts and focus on ...
Rivera Samuel - - 2012
We propose an approach to shape detection of highly deformable shapes in images via manifold learning with regression. Our method does not require shape key points be defined at high contrast image regions, nor do we need an initial estimate of the shape. We only require sufficient representative training data ...
Auerbach Amy - - 2012
Asthma is an inflammatory respiratory condition with significantly associated morbidity and mortality that is increasing in prevalence. Air pollution is an important factor in both the development of asthma and in asthma exacerbations. Oxidative stress as a result of exposure to air pollution and underlying genetic polymorphisms that may play ...
Haug Ulrike U Division of Preventive Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases/German Cancer Research Center, DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2012
Several industrialized nations recommend fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC), but corresponding screening guidelines do not specify how individuals with a prior false-positive FOBT result (fpFOBT) should be managed in terms of subsequent CRC screening. Accordingly, we conducted a decision analysis to compare different strategies ...
Buschke David G - - 2012
Continued advances in stem cell biology and stem cell transplantation rely on non-invasive biomarkers to characterise cells and stem cell aggregates. The non-invasive quality of such biomarkers is essential because exogenous labels, probes or reporters can unintentionally and dramatically alter stem cell state as can disruption of cell-cell and cell-matrix ...
Facompre Nicole D ND Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, Hershey, PA PA 17033, - - 2012
Preclinical studies and clinical analyses have implicated the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the progression of prostate cancer, suggesting mTOR as a potential target for new therapies. mTOR, a serine/threonine kinase, belongs to two distinct signaling complexes: mTORC1 and mTORC2. We previously showed that the synthetic organoselenium compound, ...
Kuo Hung-Tien - - 2012
We aimed to investigate the impact of antibody induction on outcomes in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) 0-mismatched deceased donor kidney recipients. Using the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network of Organ Sharing database as of November 2009, we identified 44,008 adult deceased donor kidney recipients who received primary kidney transplants ...
Dang Zexu Z Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, United - - 2012
Chronic allograft injury (CAI), characterized by interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, leads to a progressive decline in graft function, resulting in the loss of 5% of renal transplants per annum, and eludes specific therapies. Galectin-3 (gal-3) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin expressed in diverse fibrotic tissue, and mice deficient in gal-3 ...
Zhou Jue-Yu - - 2012
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is an important enzyme involved in folate metabolism and catalyzes methylation of deoxyuridine monophosphate to deoxythymidine monophosphate, which is essential for DNA replication. Thymidylate synthase enhancer region (TSER) and TS1494del6, two functionally important and ethnically diverse polymorphisms mapping to its gene region, are the most extensively studied. ...
Fisette Jean-François JF Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2012
β-Site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the transmembrane aspartyl protease that catalyzes the first cleavage step in the proteolysis of the APP to the amyloid β-protein (Aβ), a process involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. BACE1 pre-mRNA undergoes complex alternative splicing, the regulation of which ...
Miano Maurizio - - 2012
Clofarabine is a promising new chemotherapeutic agent that is active in the treatment of pediatric acute leukemia. Forty children (16 with acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 24 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]), aged 1-20 years (median 7.6 years) with relapsed or refractory ALL or AML were treated because of resistance to ...
Hickok Jason R - - 2012
S-Nitrosothiol (RSNO) formation is one manner by which nitric oxide (•NO) exerts its biological effects. There are several proposed mechanisms of formation of RSNO in vivo: auto-oxidation of •NO, transnitrosation, oxidative nitrosylation, and from dinitrosyliron complexes (DNIC). Both free •NO, generated by •NO donors, and S-nitrosocysteine (CysNO) are widely used ...
Penzes Peter P Department of Physiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2012
Dendritic spines are the sites of most excitatory synapses in the central nervous system. Recent studies have shown that spines function independently of each other, and they are currently the smallest known processing units in the brain. Spines exist in an array of morphologies, and spine structure helps dictate synaptic ...
Philmus Benjamin B Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, United - - 2012
Toxoflavin (an azapteridine) is degraded to a single product by toxoflavin lyase (TflA) in a reaction dependent on reductant, Mn(II), and oxygen. The isolated product was fully characterized by NMR and MS and was identified as a triazine in which the pyrimidine ring was oxidatively degraded. A mechanism for toxoflavin ...
Fitzpatrick Anne M AM Department of Pediatrics, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 2012
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways associated with airway hyper-responsiveness and airflow limitation in response to specific triggers. Whereas inflammation is important for tissue regeneration and wound healing, the profound and sustained inflammatory response associated with asthma may result in airway remodeling that involves smooth muscle hypertrophy, ...
Garcia-Saura Maria-Francisca MF Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts, - - 2012
Marginal vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency is a prevalent yet underappreciated risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Along with glutathione, ascorbate plays important roles in antioxidant defense and redox signaling. Production of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species and their interaction, giving rise to nitroso and nitrosyl product formation, are ...
Spiro Stephen - - 2012
In bacteria, transcriptional responses to reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS, respectively) are typically coordinated by regulatory proteins that employ metal centers or reactive thiols to detect the presence of those species. This review is focused on the structure, function and mechanism of three regulatory proteins (Fur, PerR, ...
Alley William R WR Jr Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United - - 2012
Glycosylated proteins play important roles in a broad spectrum of biochemical and biological processes, and prior reports have suggested that changes in protein glycosylation occur during cancer initiation and progression. Ovarian cancer (OC) is a fatal malignancy, most commonly diagnosed after the development of metastases. Therefore, early detection of OC ...
Cui Xiaojiang - - 2012
Cancer development, progression, and metastasis are multistep processes. Accumulating evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are critically involved in cancer cell functions. This Forum reviews our current understanding of the important and paradoxical role of ROS in the regulation of tumor-associated cell properties, genes, and signaling pathways. The six ...
Stevens Natalie R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate two instruments: one to assess patient perceptions of control of the childbirth environment and the other, global satisfaction with the childbirth experience. Participants were 187 women recruited from obstetric clinics, breast-feeding support groups and online who had given birth in ...
Ottah Anaga Aruh - - 2012
To evaluate the methanol leaf extract of Diaphanathe bidens (D. bidens) (AFZEL. EX SW) SCHLTR for antihyperglycemic activity in order to confirm it antidiabetic potential. D. bidens was extracted by cold maceration for 48 h and concentrated in vacuo to yield D. bidens extract (DBE). Hyperglycemia was induced by intraperitoneal ...
Huang Feng-Ying - - 2012
To investigate whether cytochalasin D can induce antitumor activities in a tumor model. Murine CT26 colorectal carcinoma cells were cultured in vitro and cytochalasin D was used as a cytotoxic agent to detect its capabilities of inhibiting CT26 cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis by MTT and a TUNEL-based apoptosis ...
Rathee Permender - - 2012
To study the isolation and characterization of the constituent responsible for the cytotoxic activity of the ethanolic extract of stem of Capparis decidua (C. decidua). The preliminary cytotoxic effect of isolated compound (β-Sitosterol triacontenate) was investigated by MTT assay on A549 solid tumor cells. IC(50) value of the β-Sitosterol triacontenate ...
Rivera Windell L - - 2012
To determine the profiles of anti-Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) IgA, IgG, and IgM in sera of diarrheic and non-diarrheic individuals and partially characterize target antigens. Serum samples from thirty diarrheic and thirty non-diarrheic individuals were subjected to IgA, IgG, and IgM profiling through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), flow cytometry, and ...
Halait Harkanwal - - 2012
Melanomas frequently harbor BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib (RG7204/PLX4032), a small-molecule inhibitor of mutant BRAF, has shown striking clinical efficacy in BRAFV600 mutant melanoma, creating the need for a well-validated companion diagnostic to select patients for treatment. We describe analytic performance characteristics of the cobas 4800 BRAF V600 Mutation Test, the test ...
Okokon Jude E - - 2012
Antiplasmodial and analgesic activities of the leaf extract and fractions of Clausena anisata (C. anisata) were evaluated for antimalarial and analgesic activities. The crude leaf extract (39-117 mg/kg) and fractions (chloroform and acqeous; 78 mg/kg) of C. anisata were investigated for antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium berghei (P. berghei) infections ...
Ponnusamy Poovendran - - 2012
To detect in vitro biofilm formation of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) (UPEC) strains isolated from urine specimens and also to determine their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern using 13 commonly used antibiotics. The present study comprised of 166 urine specimens collected from tertiary care hospitals in and around Coimbatore, South India. ...
Quispel Chantal - - 2012
Background: Increased adverse pregnancy outcomes related to psychiatric and psychosocial problems can be observed for urban areas when compared to national averages. We developed a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based self-report screening model that produces tailored intervention advices. After having adapted the model to local care pathways, we tested the reliability, ...
Chen Cherry C CC Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2012
Ultrasound molecular imaging is a powerful diagnostic modality using microbubbles coated with targeting ligands specific for endothelial biomarkers. The circulation persistence of ligand-bearing contrast agents is a key determinant in their contrast enhancement and targeting capability. Prior studies have shown that targeted microbubbles with ligands attached to the shell using ...
Correia Maria Isabel T D - - 2012
The intestinal microbiota, which is a complex and dynamic population of different bacterial species, represents an important contribution to the health of the host. This microbiota plays a key role by promoting the integrity of the epithelial barrier and the development of mucosal immunity. However, under some stressful situations, such ...
Panuwet Parinya - - 2012
As an agricultural country and one of the world's major food exporters, Thailand relies heavily on the use of pesticides to protect crops and increase yields. During the past decade, the Kingdom of Thailand has experienced an approximate four-fold increase in pesticide use. This increase presents a challenge for the ...
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