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Chang Ping-An - - 2012
NTE-related esterase (NRE) is a novel endoplasmic reticulum-anchored lysophospholipase with high homology to neuropathy target esterase (NTE). However, little is known about the regulation of NRE protein. In the current study, we investigated the degradation pathways of mouse NRE (mNRE) in mammalian cells. Based on experiments with inhibitors and inducer ...
Zhang T-T - - 2012
This study investigated digestibilities of nutrients and feed efficiency in female mink at the different dietary protein levels during the mink growth period. Effects of dietary protein on growth performance of minks were also measured. Sixty 45-day-old healthy female minks were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups with 10 animals ...
Cheng Carissa F - - 2012
To refine the reference range for the zinc protoporphyrin-to-heme ratio (ZnPP/H) of preterm infants, we assessed the impact of maternal risk factors on ZnPP/H and evaluated the impact of changes in iron supplementation on iron status. The reference range for neonatal ZnPP/H was refined using prospective data from 31 reference ...
Wong Ann Chi Yan - - 2012
Physiological processes in the cochlea associated with sound transduction and maintenance of the unique electrochemical environment are metabolically demanding. Creatine maintains ATP homeostasis by providing high-energy phosphates for ATP regeneration which is catalyzed by creatine kinase (CK). Cellular uptake of creatine requires a specific high affinity sodium- and chloride-dependent creatine ...
Wang Rou - - 2012
To assess our institutional outcomes after primary artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) failures. From 1985 to 2010, a total of 149 patients underwent 318 primary and additional AUS procedures. We classified additional procedures as revisions, replacements, or explantations. At a median of 52 months (range, 6-250 months), 53% of patients had ...
Tefekli Ahmet - - 2012
The aim of the study is to investigate whether laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) could find a place in the management of large renal pelvic stones which are generally considered as excellent indications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Between 2006 and 2009, 26 consecutive patients with large (>4 cm(2)) renal pelvic stones were treated ...
Kleinberg Anne - - 2012
To study help-seeking among the general population and people with major depression. 12-month help-seeking for emotional problems was assessed in a cross-sectional 2006 Estonian Health Survey. Non-institutionalized individuals aged 18-84 years (n = 6,105) were interviewed. A major depressive episode was assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The factors associated with help-seeking, ...
Cardoso Maria João - - 2012
During the Turning Subjective Into Objective seminar held in Lisbon in May 2011, experts in the topic gathered to discuss the unsolved problems of aesthetic evaluation of breast-conserving treatment (BCT). The purpose of this study is to review the main methodological issues related to the aesthetic evaluation of BCT, to ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
The AIB1gene (amplified in breast cancer 1), coding for a member of steroid receptor co-activator p160 protein family is involved in regulation of estrogen receptor transactivation influencing the estrogen-dependent gene expression. It contains a glutamine repeat polymorphism and several single nucleotide polymorphisms that may alter the transcriptional activation of the ...
Molnar Stephen J - - 2012
Seven pairs of oat near-isogenic lines (NILs) (Kibite in Crop Sci 41:277-278, 2001) contrasting for the Dw6 dwarfing gene were used to test for correlation between tall/dwarf phenotype and polymorphic genotype using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and other molecular markers selected from the Kanota × Ogle (K×O) (Wight et al. in ...
Gadducci Angiolo - - 2012
Ovarian carcinoma can be subdivided into two categories termed type I and type II. Type I tumours, usually having an indolent clinical behaviour, are often detected in early stage, and rarely harbour p53 gene mutations. Each histological type has a distinct molecular profile with mutations of genes involved in different ...
Vasudevan Subramanyan - - 2012
PURPOSE AND AIM: The present study provides an optimization of electrocoagulation process for the simultaneous removal of heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and nickel from water. In doing so, the thermodynamic, adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies were also carried out. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnesium alloy, magnesium, aluminum, and mild ...
van Diepen Sean - - 2012
Coronary plaque rupture is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. The relationship between baseline N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a prognostic marker in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and systemic inflammatory mediators in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not ...
Matusov Eugene - - 2012
We consider identity as a historically emerging discourse that requires genealogical analysis - not to discover the roots of our identity but to commit [ourselves] to its dissipation (Foucault 1977, p. 162). We suggest analyzing identity through the history of socio-economic classes, their life struggles, ambitions, development, and reproduction. We ...
Kastner Stephan - - 2012
The nonproteinogenic amino acid 4-hydroxyphenylglycine (HPG) arises from the diversion of the tyrosine degradation pathway into secondary metabolism, and its biosynthesis requires a set of three enzymes. The gene cassette for HPG biosynthesis is widely spread in actinomycete bacteria, which incorporate the amino acid as a building block into various ...
Kar Abhijit - - 2012
A supervised field trial was conducted to study the residues of chlorantraniliprole on cabbage and cauliflower. Three applications of chlorantraniliprole at 10 days interval were made @ 9.25 and 18.50 g a.i. ha(-1). The samples of marketable size heads and curds of cabbage and cauliflower were collected at 0 and 1 day after ...
Rajagopalan Prem A - - 2012
Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) is a major limitation to cotton production on the Indian subcontinent. A survey for viruses causing CLCuD was conducted during the 2009 and 2010 cropping seasons in the northwestern Indian cotton-growing belt in the states of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Partial sequences of 258 and ...
Ouyang Songying - - 2012
Increasing evidences suggest that the type I interferon α (IFNα) plays a critical role in the etiopathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which makes it a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of the disease. By screening a large size non-immune human antibody library, we have developed a human single-chain ...
Corre P - - 2012
Bone substitutes are rarely used in the reconstruction of cleft lip and palate. The graft material of choice is cancellous bone, harvested in the hip or tibia. Tibial harvesting may lead to postoperative morbidity, or even complications. This has lead surgeons to develop alternative solution. We present a secondary alveolar ...
Braga-Neto Pedro - - 2012
Cognitive and olfactory impairments have previously been demonstrated in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), also known as Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)-SCA3/MJD. We investigated changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging in a cohort of Brazilian patients with SCA3/MJD. The aim of the ...
Tabrett Daryl R - - 2012
Citation information: Tabrett DR & Latham K. Important areas of the central binocular visual field for daily functioning in the visually impaired. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2012.00892.x ABSTRACT: Purpose:  To determine the areas of the central binocular visual field which correspond best with self-reported vision related activity limitations (VRAL) ...
Cho Jung-Hee - - 2012
Klebsiella is one of the genera that has shown unbeatable production performance of 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD), when compared to other microorganisms. In this study, two Klebsiella strains, K. pneumoniae (DSM 2026) and K. oxytoca (ATCC 43863), were selected and evaluated for 2,3-BD production by batch and fed-batch fermentations using glucose as ...
Wang Bo - - 2012
ZmbZIP60 is a member of the bZIP transcription factor family in maize. Expression of ZmbZIP60 is strongly induced by a wide spectrum of stresses, including dehydration, high salinity, abscisic acid and tunicamycin treatments. A truncated form of ZmbZIP60, without a transmembrane domain (ZmbZIP60ΔC) and fused with GFP, is localized in ...
Park Garam - - 2012
In the present study, we demonstrate the precise tuning of surface plasmon resonance over the full visible range by compositional variation of the nanoparticles. The addition of sulfide ions into the Au@Ag core-shell nanocubes generates stable Au@Ag/Ag2S core-shell nanoparticles at room temperature, and the plasmon extinction maximum shifts to the ...
Lamberg Eric M - - 2012
Preventative and rehabilitative efforts relative to low back pain (LBP) and manual material handling (MMH) are often directed toward proper technique. However, breath control may be an additional factor to consider. Optimizing breath control may provide increased segmental control of the spine through the production of increased intra-abdominal pressure. It ...
Szaumkessel Marcin - - 2012
Obtaining a good quality of RNA from small population of cells remain an issue. Isolation for a special anatomic location such as inner ear placed in the temporal bone become a challenge, especially in terms of time needed for isolation of living tissue from the bone, which is a key ...
Luo Yongfeng - - 2012
The objective of this study is to identify the genetic defects in a Chinese family with autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus. Complete physical examination, fluid deprivation, and DDAVP tests were performed in three affected and three healthy members of the family. Genomic DNA was extracted from leukocytes of venous ...
López-Kleine Liliana - - 2012
Interesting biological information as, for example, gene expression data (microarrays), can be extracted from publicly available genomic data. As a starting point in order to narrow down the great possibilities of wet lab experiments, global high throughput data and available knowledge should be used to infer biological knowledge and emit ...
Zemann Wolfgang - - 2012
PURPOSE: Segmental distraction osteogenesis of the anterior alveolar process has been introduced as a technique designed to avoid extractions in patients with severe dental crowding. The aim of this study was to quantify the degree of dental tipping within the alveolar segment after distraction osteogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients treated ...
Takakura Nobuyuki - - 2012
Blood vessels clearly act as conduits for blood flow, but recently the concept that they are also involved in organ maintenance, especially by providing a niche for organ-specific stem cells, has begun to emerge. Moreover, several lines of evidence suggest that hematopoietic stem cells can differentiate directly into cells composing ...
Noell Susan - - 2012
In human glioblastoma, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is disturbed. According to our concept, the glio-vascular relationships and thus the control of the BBB are essentially dependent on the polarity of astroglial cells. This polarity is characterized by the uneven distribution of the water channel protein aquaporin-4 (AQP4), dystroglycan and other ...
Lewis Gareth - - 2012
BACKGROUND, AIM, AND SCOPE: Biowastes produced by humans and animals are routinely disposed of on land, and concern is now growing that such practices provide a pathway for fluoroquinolone (FQs) antibacterial agents and their environmental metabolites (FQEMs) to contaminate the terrestrial environment. The focus of concern is that FQs and ...
Shinde Sandip - - 2012
De novo designed heme-binding proteins have been used successfully to recapitulate features of natural hemoproteins. This approach has now been extended to membrane-soluble model proteins. Our group designed a functional hemoprotein, ME1, by engineering a bishistidine binding site into a natural membrane protein, glycophorin A (Cordova et al. in J ...
Spiro Alexander S - - 2012
PURPOSE: The treatment of fixed knee flexion deformity through anterior distal femoral stapling has been investigated in only two studies so far, with promising results. The aim of the present study was to determine whether this technique might improve fixed knee flexion deformity in a series of growing children and ...
Law Sabrina P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation remains a resource-intensive therapy for children. However, data regarding change in costs over time are scarce. We tested the hypothesis that hospital charges for pediatric heart transplant hospitalizations would increase from 1997 to 2006 and assessed factors associated with hospital charges. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the ...
Peng Wen-Jia - - 2012
Many environmental and genetic factors have been contributed to the development of systemic sclerosis (SSc). To determine whether IL-10 gene polymorphisms are associated with SSc, we conducted a meta-analysis approach. A total of eight studies involving 1,034 SSc cases and 1,815 controls were obtained by electronic database, i.e. Embase, Blackwell, ...
Langenhan Ronny - - 2012
PURPOSE: Early functional rehabilitation after surgical tendon repair facilitates the healing process and leads to improved joint function. There is a paucity of studies commenting on rehabilitation after surgical repair of ruptured quadriceps tendons, and most surgeons prefer a prolonged period of immobilization and protected weight bearing. The purpose of ...
Yoshioka Yasuhide - - 2012
The Drosophila Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) gene basket (bsk) promoter contains a DNA replication-related element (DRE) like sequence, raising the possibility of regulation by the DNA replication-related element-binding factor (DREF). Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays with anti-DREF IgG showed the bsk gene promoter region to be effectively amplified. Luciferase transient expression assays ...
Hirata Kenji - - 2012
PURPOSE: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor and its prognosis is significantly poorer than those of less malignant gliomas. Pathologically, necrosis is one of the most important characteristics that differentiate GBM from lower grade gliomas; therefore, we hypothesized that (18)F fluoromisonidazole (FMISO), a radiotracer for hypoxia ...
Li Chilin - - 2012
The thermodynamically required redistribution of ions at given interfaces is being paid increased attention to. The present investigation of the contact LiF/TiO2 offers a highly worthwhile example, as the redistribution processes can be predicted and verified. It consists in Li ion transfer from LiF into the space charge zones of ...
Wu Bingbing - - 2012
Female BALB/c mice were actively immunized subcutaneously with a recombinant protein of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) fused with somatostatin (SS) (GM-CSF/SS). Fifty-four days after the primary immunization, the body weight of the immunized mice increased by 4.62% compared with the control (P < 0.05), together with the induction of detectable serum antibodies ...
Kowalski William J - - 2012
In the early embryo, a series of symmetric, paired vessels, the aortic arches, surround the foregut and distribute cardiac output to the growing embryo and fetus. During embryonic development, the arch vessels undergo large-scale asymmetric morphogenesis to form species-specific adult great vessel patterns. These transformations occur within a dynamic biomechanical ...
Clarençon Frédéric - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the visibility of stents using high-resolution computed tomography (CT) acquisitions acquired with flat panel detector (XperCT, Allura series, Philips Healthcare, The Netherlands) for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: On a 24-month period, 48 patients endovascularly treated by coiling and stenting (59 stents) for ...
Morikawa Toshio - - 2012
A quantitative analytical method was developed for the determination of acylated oleanane-type triterpene saponins, chakasaponins I-III (1-3) and floratheasaponins A-F (4-9), found in Camellia sinensis (Theaceae). The practical conditions for separation and detection of these saponins were established on an ODS column with methanol containing 5 mM trifluoroacetic acid as a ...
Aydogdu Aydogan - - 2012
Objectives: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by insulin resistance. Chronic low-grade inflammation has been anticipated to play role in the pathogenesis of both insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator synthesized in a variety of cells and tissues including heart, vascular endothelial cells, macrophages and ...
Zivković Maja - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is known as an inflammatory disease in which a recruitment of leukocytes to the endothelium wall represents a preliminary step of the initiation and the development of disease. The P-selectin glycoprotein ligand (PSGL-1) seems to be the major molecule mediating leukocyte-endothelium interactions and leukocyte rolling on stimulated endothelium. There ...
Li Guang-Yong - - 2012
To study pathological changes of fibromuscular system and the role of TGF-β1/Smad pathway in the urethra of a parturition-induced stress urinary incontinence (SUI) rat model. Twenty-eight 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley female rats at gestational day 16 were used and randomized into two groups: sham group and SUI group. After delivery, rats in ...
Murgatroyd Chris - - 2012
DNA methylation and chromatin modifications regulate gene expression and contribute to changes in brain transcriptomes underlying neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. Clinical genetics and preclinical animal models highlight the crucial importance of the correct establishment of epigenetic marks during sensitive windows of development for normal brain function. On the same side ...
Ononiwu Chiagozie - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pediatric spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is rare. Evidence-directed management relies on studies in which such cases are only a subset of a larger group. We reviewed cases of pediatric spinal GBM to assess outcomes and identify prognostic factors related to treatment. METHODS: Clinical presentations, radiologic findings, surgical variables, radio- ...
Spassov Alexander - - 2012
The activity of cytoskeletal proteins like talin, vinculin and nestin increases in muscle that regenerates. Little is known about their role or at least their expression in the process of regeneration in masticatory muscles of mdx mice, a model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. To determine a potential role of cytoskeletal ...
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