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Peykov Slavil Z - - 2012
In this study we report a novel method for identification of Enterococcus faecalis based on polymerase chain reaction with primers specific for the eda-genes encoding the enzymes involved in the Entner-Doudoroff pathway, a pathway present only in this species among Gram-positive bacteria. The designed primers were checked in several different ...
Renner Fritz F Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The degree to which interpersonal problems of depressed patients improve over the course of cognitive therapy (CT) and relate to the quality of the therapeutic alliance and to symptom improvement, remains unclear. We analyzed data of adult outpatients (N=523) with major depressive disorder participating in a clinical trial to determine ...
Dittmar Yves - - 2012
PURPOSE: The majority of patients with gastric cancer present with an advanced stage and, therefore, may not be eligible for curative treatment. The role of non-curative gastric resection in situations other than emergency treatment for life threatening tumor-related complications is still under discussion. METHODS: Data from 290 consecutive patients with ...
Frank Damian Conrad - - 2012
The presence of fat in food plays an important role in the way aroma is released during consumption and in the creation of the overall sensory impression. Fat acts as a reservoir for lipophilic volatile compounds and modulates the timing and delivery of aroma compounds in a unique manner. Despite ...
Hasret Erdem - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study has the objective to evaluate the lead(II) removal capacity of hydroxyapatite powder synthesized by microwave as an alternative method to decrease production time and cost. METHODS: Hydroxyapatite (HA) was synthesized by a microwave-assisted precipitation method using calcium nitrate and ammonium hydrogen phosphate as calcium and phosphorus sources, ...
Wang Shi-Zhen - - 2012
Lipase-catalyzed remote resolution of the tertiary alcohol, citalopram intermediate (diol acetate), has been achieved. The chiral discrimination was obtained by the Novozym435-catalyzed alcoholysis of the primary hydroxyl ester which was four bonds away from the center. The influence of acyl acceptor structure and the organic solvents on the reaction rate ...
Wu Chi-Chuan - - 2012
Traditionally, valgus knee deformity is predominately corrected by stabilisation with a plate inserted via the medial approach to the supracondylar region of the femur. However, this technique is unfavourable from both a biomechanical and a biological point of view. A revised retrograde dynamic locked nailing was developed to improve correction ...
Stefanos Kachrilas - - 2012
The use of percutaneous renal surgery has been recently revolutionised with novel endourological instruments and techniques. However, the incidence, prevention and management of severe complications such as colon perforation still lack consensus. By presenting our 10-year experience, we would like to highlight the diagnosis and management of the rare complication ...
Daimon Takaaki - - 2012
Analysis of female sex pheromone components and subsequent field trap experiments demonstrated that the bombycid moth Trilocha varians uses a mixture of (E,Z)-10,12-hexadecadienal (bombykal) and (E,Z)-10,12-hexadecadienyl acetate (bombykyl acetate) as a sex pheromone. Both of these components are derivatives of (E,Z)-10,12-hexadecadienol (bombykol), the sex pheromone of the domesticated silkmoth Bombyx ...
Thomas Priya - - 2012
Hylarana is a well established frog genus coming under the family Ranidae. An increasing number of antimicrobial peptides have been isolated and characterized from the skin of frogs of this genus. This review covers the antimicrobial peptides reported so far from the frogs of Hylarana genus and to propose a ...
Pretell Mazzini Juan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify factors which contribute to loss of reduction (LOR). Outpatient records and initial, post-reduction (PR) and follow-up radiographs of patients with a distal radial metaphyseal fracture were reviewed to determine demographic factors; fracture characteristics (obliquity, comminution, intact ulna); three-point cast index (3PI); and ...
Alcolea Sonia - - 2012
Prostaglandin (PG)E(2) is relevant in tumor biology, and interactions between tumor and stroma cells dramatically influence tumor progression. We tested the hypothesis that cross-talk between head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and fibroblasts could substantially enhance PGE(2) biosynthesis. We observed an enhanced production of PGE(2) in cocultures of ...
Wang Yu-Bin - - 2012
The cephalochordates, commonly known as amphioxus or lancelets, are now considered the most basal chordate group, and the studies of these organisms therefore offer important insights into various levels of evolutionary biology. In the past two decades, the investigation of amphioxus developmental biology has provided key knowledge for understanding the ...
Xi Dongmei - - 2012
The melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R) plays a crucial role in determining coat colour of mammals. To investigate the relationship of polymorphism of the MC1R with coat colour in gayal, the coding sequence (CDS), and the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions (UTR) of the MC1R were sequenced from 63 samples from ...
Tefekli Ahmet - - 2012
The aim of the study is to investigate whether laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) could find a place in the management of large renal pelvic stones which are generally considered as excellent indications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Between 2006 and 2009, 26 consecutive patients with large (>4 cm(2)) renal pelvic stones were treated ...
Kleinberg Anne - - 2012
To study help-seeking among the general population and people with major depression. 12-month help-seeking for emotional problems was assessed in a cross-sectional 2006 Estonian Health Survey. Non-institutionalized individuals aged 18-84 years (n = 6,105) were interviewed. A major depressive episode was assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The factors associated with help-seeking, ...
Cardoso Maria João - - 2012
During the Turning Subjective Into Objective seminar held in Lisbon in May 2011, experts in the topic gathered to discuss the unsolved problems of aesthetic evaluation of breast-conserving treatment (BCT). The purpose of this study is to review the main methodological issues related to the aesthetic evaluation of BCT, to ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
The AIB1gene (amplified in breast cancer 1), coding for a member of steroid receptor co-activator p160 protein family is involved in regulation of estrogen receptor transactivation influencing the estrogen-dependent gene expression. It contains a glutamine repeat polymorphism and several single nucleotide polymorphisms that may alter the transcriptional activation of the ...
Molnar Stephen J - - 2012
Seven pairs of oat near-isogenic lines (NILs) (Kibite in Crop Sci 41:277-278, 2001) contrasting for the Dw6 dwarfing gene were used to test for correlation between tall/dwarf phenotype and polymorphic genotype using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and other molecular markers selected from the Kanota × Ogle (K×O) (Wight et al. in ...
Viitasalo Katriina - - 2012
To assess the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) among employees of a Finnish airline; to study the association of shift work with T2D and CVD risk; and to test the feasibility of risk screening in occupational health care setting. Altogether 4169 employees were invited for ...
Smit P - - 2012
The skin-blanching assay is used for the determination and bioequivalence of dermatologic glucocorticoids (GCs). The exact mechanism of the production of blanching is not fully understood, but it is considered that local vasoconstriction of the skin microvasculature and the consequent blood-flow reduction cause this phenomenon. Several factors influence skin blanching, ...
Lustosa Keyla R M D KR Laboratório de Bioconversão, Faculdade de Farmácia, 1ª Avenida esquina c/ Praça Universitária, S/N. Postal Box 131, Setor Universitário, CEP: 74.605-220, Goiânia, GO, - - 2012
The purpose of this paper is to describe the glycosylation of entacapone by cultures of Cunninghamella echinulata ATCC 9245. This method is then applied in toxicological and pharmacological studies. The cultures were grown in a fluid PDSM medium for 7 days at 28°C. After purification by silica gel flash column ...
Liu Huayan - - 2012
Wernekink commissure syndrome is a rare midbrain syndrome, which selectively destroys the Wernekink commissure involving the decussation of superior cerebellar peduncle in midbrain. This syndrome may display a clinical picture: bilateral cerebellar ataxia, eye movement disorders, and palatal tremor. We present two cases of the Wernekink commissure syndrome with acute ...
Yang X Q - - 2012
The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), recognizing lipopolysaccharide of gram-negative bacteria, plays an essential role in immune responses. Variation in TLR4 alters host immune responses to pathogen and is associated with resistance/susceptibility to infectious diseases, as suggested by studies in humans and agricultural species, including cattle and chicken. In this study, ...
Gaisano H Y - - 2012
According to our current understanding of insulin exocytosis, insulin granules dock on the plasma membrane, undergo priming and then wait for calcium-triggered fusion. In this issue of Diabetologia, Hoppa et al (doi 10.1007/s00125-011-2400-5 ) report that cholinergic stimulation induces granule-granule, or multivesicular, fusion to effect more efficient insulin release. Other ...
Gómez-Almaguer David - - 2012
Antibodies have been the cornerstone of treatment of acquired aplastic anemia for more than 25 years. Treatment with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is considered pivotal and the addition of cyclosporine improves the overall response rate. This antibody is heterogeneous and horse ATG is apparently more effective than rabbit ATG. Several issues remain ...
Leufroy Axelle - - 2012
A continuous leaching method coupled online with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection was used to assess the maximum bioaccessibility of arsenic (As) in seafood samples. The method simulates continuous-flow digestion by successively pumping artificial saliva, gastric and intestinal juices through a mini-column of powdered sample directly connected to ...
Kato Tatsuya - - 2012
We report herein the rare case of a patient with dendriform pulmonary ossification (DPO) who developed spontaneous pneumothorax. A 33-year-old male with a history of bronchial asthma presented with pneumothorax of the left lung. An intraoperative inspection revealed no findings of bullae in the entire left lung, but inflammatory pleural ...
Tajbakhsh Mercedeh - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the genotypic diversity associated with antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from patients arriving with diarrhoea to six hospitals of Tehran, Iran. During 2007-2008, a cross-sectional convenience study was performed. Stool samples were screened for the presence of Salmonella, serotyped, tested for ...
Gadducci Angiolo - - 2012
Ovarian carcinoma can be subdivided into two categories termed type I and type II. Type I tumours, usually having an indolent clinical behaviour, are often detected in early stage, and rarely harbour p53 gene mutations. Each histological type has a distinct molecular profile with mutations of genes involved in different ...
Vasudevan Subramanyan - - 2012
PURPOSE AND AIM: The present study provides an optimization of electrocoagulation process for the simultaneous removal of heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and nickel from water. In doing so, the thermodynamic, adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies were also carried out. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnesium alloy, magnesium, aluminum, and mild ...
Kind Terry - - 2012
The use of social networking sites (SNS) is increasing among all ages, with implications for medical education faculty and trainee interactions. Our objective was to understand pediatric medical educators' use of SNS and perspectives on professional boundaries and posted content. From September through December 2010, the Council on Medical Student ...
van Diepen Sean - - 2012
Coronary plaque rupture is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. The relationship between baseline N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a prognostic marker in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and systemic inflammatory mediators in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not ...
Stummer Walter - - 2012
Survival of glioblastoma patients has been linked to the completeness of surgical resection. Available data, however, were generated with adjuvant radiotherapy. Data confirming that extensive cytoreduction remains beneficial to patients treated with the current standard, concomitant temozolomide radiochemotherapy, are limited. We therefore analyzed the efficacy of radiochemotherapy for patients with ...
Matusov Eugene - - 2012
We consider identity as a historically emerging discourse that requires genealogical analysis - not to discover the roots of our identity but to commit [ourselves] to its dissipation (Foucault 1977, p. 162). We suggest analyzing identity through the history of socio-economic classes, their life struggles, ambitions, development, and reproduction. We ...
Raberg Matthias - - 2012
A recent study of the UV-generated glucose-utilizing mutant Ralstonia eutropha G(+)1 comprising transcriptomic and proteomic analyses revealed clear evidence that glucose is transported by the N-acetylglucosamine-specific phosphotransferase system (PTS(Nag)), which is overexpressed in this mutant due to a derepression of the encoding nag operon by an identified insertion mutation in ...
Zhang T-T - - 2012
This study investigated digestibilities of nutrients and feed efficiency in female mink at the different dietary protein levels during the mink growth period. Effects of dietary protein on growth performance of minks were also measured. Sixty 45-day-old healthy female minks were randomly assigned to 6 treatment groups with 10 animals ...
Cheng Carissa F - - 2012
To refine the reference range for the zinc protoporphyrin-to-heme ratio (ZnPP/H) of preterm infants, we assessed the impact of maternal risk factors on ZnPP/H and evaluated the impact of changes in iron supplementation on iron status. The reference range for neonatal ZnPP/H was refined using prospective data from 31 reference ...
Wong Ann Chi Yan - - 2012
Physiological processes in the cochlea associated with sound transduction and maintenance of the unique electrochemical environment are metabolically demanding. Creatine maintains ATP homeostasis by providing high-energy phosphates for ATP regeneration which is catalyzed by creatine kinase (CK). Cellular uptake of creatine requires a specific high affinity sodium- and chloride-dependent creatine ...
Wang Rou - - 2012
To assess our institutional outcomes after primary artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) failures. From 1985 to 2010, a total of 149 patients underwent 318 primary and additional AUS procedures. We classified additional procedures as revisions, replacements, or explantations. At a median of 52 months (range, 6-250 months), 53% of patients had ...
Weon Young Cheol - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is an uncommon high grade adenocarcinoma of the salivary gland with a grave prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and CT and MR imaging features of SDC. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and CT and MR imaging findings in ...
Schuett Susanne - - 2012
Reading and visual exploration impairments in unilateral homonymous visual field disorders are frequent and disabling consequences of acquired brain injury. Compensatory therapies have been developed, which allow patients to regain sufficient reading and visual exploration performance through systematic oculomotor training. However, it is still unclear whether the reading and visual ...
Tam Emily W Y EW Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
To investigate the contribution of hypoglycemia in the first 24 hours after birth to brain injury in term newborns at risk for neonatal encephalopathy. A prospective cohort of 94 term neonates born between 1994 and 2010 with early postnatal brain magnetic resonance imaging studies were analyzed for regions of brain ...
Rafii M Y - - 2012
A sum of 48 accessions of physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. were analyzed to determine the genetic diversity and association between geographical origin using RAPD-PCR markers. Eight primers generated a total of 92 fragments with an average of 11.5 amplicons per primer. Polymorphism percentages of J. curcas accessions for Selangor, ...
Tafrova Juliana I - - 2012
Retinol and its metabolites modulate epithelial differentiation and serve as cellular UV sensors through changes in retinoid status. Of note is the dehydroretinol family which may serve functions distinct from parental retinol. This study focuses on the metabolism of this family and its potential participation in the response of normal ...
Martín Joaquín - - 2012
PURPOSE: To review the anatomical landmarks of the abdominal wall lumbar region and its normal appearance on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and to briefly describe the MDCT features of lumbar hernias. METHODS: We performed a retrospective search of the imaging report database from November 2007 to October 2011. We retrieved ...
Busch Martin - - 2012
Atherosclerosis has been established as a chronic inflammatory disease of the vessel wall. Among the mononuclear cell types recruited to the lesions, specialized dendritic cells (DCs) have gained increasing attention, and their secretory products and interactions shape the progression of atherosclerotic plaques. The regulation of DC functions by microRNAs (miRNAs) ...
Schönrock-Adema Johanna J Center for Research and Innovation in Medical Education, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The educational environment has been increasingly acknowledged as vital for high-quality medical education. As a result, several instruments have been developed to measure medical educational environment quality. However, there appears to be no consensus about which concepts should be measured. The absence of a theoretical framework may explain this lack ...
Farook Shahme A SA Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Queen Victoria Hospital, Holtye Road, East Grinstead, West Sussex, United Kingdom. - - 2013
OMFS has important links with other disciplines in medicine and dentistry. Therefore it is important that people are aware of this speciality. A study was devised to determine the awareness of OMFS among the general public and to improve their understanding. A questionnaire was distributed among the participants attending a ...
Suka Machi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine the improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in association with disease activity in myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis patients treated with cyclophosphamide plus prednisolone. METHODS: According to the Japanese Patients with MPO-ANCA-Associated Vasculitis (JMAAV) study protocol, a total of 48 patients with newly diagnosed MPO-ANCA-associated ...
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