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Adler Robert A - - 2012
Osteoporosis causes no symptoms until there is a fracture. Although screening for osteoporosis is recommended for some populations, patients may present with a fragility fracture. Such patients are at high risk for subsequent fractures. Despite this high risk and the presence of generally safe and effective osteoporosis therapy, only a ...
Ren Wei - - 2012
Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3), an essential transcriptional regulator of the interferon genes, plays an important role in host defense against viral and microbial infection as well as in cell growth regulation. Promoter plays a crucial role in gene transcription. We have reported the characterization of the wide type of ...
Leufroy Axelle - - 2012
A continuous leaching method coupled online with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection was used to assess the maximum bioaccessibility of arsenic (As) in seafood samples. The method simulates continuous-flow digestion by successively pumping artificial saliva, gastric and intestinal juices through a mini-column of powdered sample directly connected to ...
Kato Tatsuya - - 2012
We report herein the rare case of a patient with dendriform pulmonary ossification (DPO) who developed spontaneous pneumothorax. A 33-year-old male with a history of bronchial asthma presented with pneumothorax of the left lung. An intraoperative inspection revealed no findings of bullae in the entire left lung, but inflammatory pleural ...
Tajbakhsh Mercedeh - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the genotypic diversity associated with antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from patients arriving with diarrhoea to six hospitals of Tehran, Iran. During 2007-2008, a cross-sectional convenience study was performed. Stool samples were screened for the presence of Salmonella, serotyped, tested for ...
Inal Jameel M - - 2012
Microvesicles (or MVs) are plasma membrane-derived vesicles released from most eukaryotic cells constitutively during early apoptosis or at higher levels after chemical or physical stress conditions. This review looks at some of the functions of MVs in terms of intercellular communication and ensuant signal transduction, including the transport of proteins ...
Takahashi Shunji - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitor-associated bone loss has not been proved in the Japanese or Asian women. The aim of this study was to evaluate an upfront or delayed strategy of bone protection therapy with zoledronic acid administered at 4 mg every 6 months in postmenopausal Japanese women with early breast cancer to compare with ...
Schlune A - - 2012
NTBC (2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3cyclohexanedione) is the mainstay of treatment in tyrosinemia type 1 (HT 1). The current recommendation is to divide the total daily dose of NTBC into two doses. We monitored the plasma NTBC concentrations in a series of seven patients who were changed from multiple divided doses to a single ...
Tokodai Kazuaki - - 2012
We report a case of intestinal obstruction caused by metastasis that manifested 6 years after surgery for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The patient, a 57-year-old man, had undergone resection of the hepatic left lobe, Spiegel lobe, and extrahepatic bile duct, following which histopathological examination had confirmed the diagnosis of ICC and that ...
Hsieh Jung-Feng - - 2012
Chymosin-induced coagulation of individual milk proteins during incubation at 30 °C was investigated using a proteomic approach. The addition of chymosin (0.006 units/mL) caused the milk proteins to coagulate after a 3 h incubation period. Approximately 88% of the milk proteins were coagulated into the milk pellet fraction, and the ...
Farrell Albert D - - 2012
This study examined adolescents' patterns of beliefs about aggression, and how these patterns relate to aggressive and prosocial behavior, and to risk factors associated with aggression. A sample of 477 sixth graders from two urban schools and a school in a nearby county completed measures of beliefs, behavior, and individual, ...
Chang Shih-Tai - - 2012
Background: Although the acute effect of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) therapy had been documented for patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD), its efficacy in improving quality of life (QOL), especially for those with infrapopliteal diffuse lesions, remains unclear. Methods and Results: Thirty-one patients with infrapopliteal diffuse or multiple ...
Palčevski Goran - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of unlicensed and off-label drugs prescribed to hospitalized children at the Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Rijeka, Croatia. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 1 day each month during a 12 month period and included all hospitalized ...
Czemmel Stefan - - 2012
Flavonoids compose one of the most abundant and important subgroups of secondary metabolites with more than 6,000 compounds detected so far in higher plants. They are found in various compositions and concentrations in nearly all plant tissues. Besides the attraction of pollinators and dispersers to fruits and flowers, flavonoids also ...
Singer Michael A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of multiple intravitreal ranibizumab injections (Lucentis, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA) administered at the investigator's discretion in patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration. DESIGN: An open-label, multicenter, extension study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who completed the controlled treatment phase of ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a natural functional amino acid. In the current study, Lactobacillus brevis TCCC13007, a high GABA-producing strain, was isolated from naturally pickled Chinese vegetables. A two-step cellular bioconversion process was established using L. brevis TCCC13007 for the production of GABA. First, L. brevis cells were grown anaerobically ...
Rajamaheswari N - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: A 10-year retrospective study was done to determine the outcome of vaginal repair for supratrigonal vesicovaginal fistulae (VVF). METHODS: One hundred thirty-two urinary fistulae were managed from 2001 to 2011 which include 34 ureterovaginal and 98 lower urinary tract fistulae. Fifty-three out of 98 were supratrigonal VVF, ...
Walsh Marietta - - 2012
MRI diffusion/ADC signal change with reversal, symmetrically isolated to the cortex of the precentral gyri in profound hypoglycemia has not been previously described. We present a case in which minimal cortical signal change without deep gray matter involvement and subsequent reversal occurred without significant clinical improvement. Correlation of the reversal ...
Zhang Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To analyze the association of the polymorphisms in 8-oxoguanine glycosylase-1 (OGG1), X-ray repair cross-complementing-1 (XRCC1), and AP endonuclease-1 (APE1) genes in the base excision repair pathway and xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD) in the nucleotide excision repair pathway with the risk of cataract in a Chinese population. DESIGN: ...
Wang Lu - - 2012
The present study was performed to investigate the effects of Jin-Ying-Tang (JYT), a Chinese herbal formula containing Lonicera japonica, Herba taraxaci, Fructus trichosanthis, Fructus forsythia, Radix et rhizoma rhei, Astragalus membranaceus, Angelica sinensis, on rabbit mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus. Suckling rabbits were challenged with 1.5 × 10(7) colony forming ...
Veličković Dušan - - 2012
Novel glucoside of physiological active vanillyl alcohol was synthesized for the first time using maltase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae as catalyst, and established its structure as 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl-α-D: -glucopyranoside. The key reaction factors for this transglucosylation reaction were optimized using response surface methodology and the highest yield so far in maltase catalyzed ...
Yang Lin-Tong - - 2012
The objective was to determine the possible links between the expression levels of genes involved in alternative glycolytic pathways, phosphorus (P) scavenging and recycling and Citrus tolerance to aluminum (Al) and/or P-deficiency. 'Xuegan' (Citrus sinensis) and 'Sour pummelo' (Citrus grandis) seedlings were irrigated for 18 weeks with nutrient solution containing 0 ...
Rudbeck Maria E - - 2012
A protein environment can affect the structure and charge distribution of substrate molecules. Here the structure and partial charges were studied for different phosphorylated amino acid models in varying environments using density functional theory. The three systems investigated; acetyl phosphate, methyl phosphate, and p-tolyl phosphate are representative models for aspartyl ...
Clua Elisabet - - 2012
The aim of this study is to compare two r-hCG doses to trigger ovulation (250 μg vs. 500 μg of r-hCG) in an oocyte donation program. A prospective, randomized study was conducted in 118 oocyte donors. Group DI received 250 μg and Group DII received 500 μg of r-hCG. Both ...
Molitch Mark E - - 2012
There is a clinical impression that when tumors invade the cavernous sinus, compression of the internal carotid artery is rare with pituitary adenomas and more common with other types of lesions but there are no actual data to support this impression. To confirm the impression that the finding of internal ...
Padma Rao B - - 2012
Aerosol samples of PM(10) and PM(2.5) were collected from 38 sampling locations in and around the industrial area. The 24 h average mass concentration of PM(10) and PM(2.5) was 137.5 and 61.5 μg/m(3) respectively during summer, 122 and 97.5 μg/m(3) respectively in winter and 70 and 54 μg/m(3) respectively during post monsoon season. The ...
Wang Yu-Bin - - 2012
The cephalochordates, commonly known as amphioxus or lancelets, are now considered the most basal chordate group, and the studies of these organisms therefore offer important insights into various levels of evolutionary biology. In the past two decades, the investigation of amphioxus developmental biology has provided key knowledge for understanding the ...
Xi Dongmei - - 2012
The melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R) plays a crucial role in determining coat colour of mammals. To investigate the relationship of polymorphism of the MC1R with coat colour in gayal, the coding sequence (CDS), and the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions (UTR) of the MC1R were sequenced from 63 samples from ...
Calasso Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed at investigating the effect of corn, rice and amaranth gluten-free (GF) sourdoughs on the release of nitric oxide (NO) and synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines by duodenal mucosa biopsies of eight coeliac disease (CD) patients. METHODS: Selected lactic acid bacteria were used as starters for the manufacture ...
Van Hemert John L - - 2012
MOTIVATION: Analysis of omics experiments generates lists of entities (genes, metabolites, etc) selected based on specific behavior, such as changes in response to stress or other signals. Functional interpretation of these lists often uses category enrichment tests using functional annotations like Gene Ontology terms and pathway membership. This approach does ...
Fu T Y - - 2012
This was a head-to-head comparison of two hydrogen-peroxide-based room decontamination systems. To compare the efficacy, efficiency and safety of hydrogen peroxide vapour (HPV; Clarus R, Bioquell, Andover, U.K.) and aerosolized hydrogen peroxide (aHP; SR2, Sterinis, now supplied as Glosair, Advanced Sterilization Products (ASP), Johnson & Johnson Medical Ltd, Wokingham, U.K.) ...
Macrea Madalina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: As in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the chronic cycles of hypoxia and reoxygenation are thought to be conducive of oxidative stress (OS) with generation of reactive oxygen species, identifying effective mechanisms of protection against oxidant-mediated tissue damage becomes of outmost importance. Leptin's role had been recently extended into that ...
Crimi Alessandro - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Risk assessment of future osteoporotic vertebral fractures is currently based mainly on risk factors, such as bone mineral density, age, prior fragility fractures, and smoking. It can be argued that an osteoporotic vertebral fracture is not exclusively an abrupt event but the result of a decaying process. ...
Mishra Arun Kumar - - 2012
Phylogenetic comparison has been done among the selected heterocystous cyanobacteria belonging to the sections IV and V. The hierarchical cluster analysis based on antibiotics sensitivity showed a distant relationship between the members of Nostocales and Stigonematales. Thus, multiple antibiotic resistance pattern used as marker provide easy, fast, and reliable method ...
Garnweidner Lisa Maria - - 2012
To explore how female immigrants from Africa and Asia perceive the host country's food culture, to identify aspects of their original food culture they considered important to preserve, and to describe how they go about preserving them. Qualitative in-depth interviews. Oslo, Norway. Twenty one female immigrants from 11 African and ...
Messeguer F - - 2012
Background  Few reports on literature give detailed figures on prognostic factors of locoregional skin recurrence in cutaneous melanoma. Objective  The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and histological prognostic factors following development of locoregional cutaneous metastasis as the only progression site from melanoma. Methods  Data from 1327 stage ...
Thong-On Arunee - - 2012
Recycling of the nitrogenous waste uric acid (UA) of wood-feeding termites by their gut bacteria is one of the significant aspects of symbiosis for the conservation of nitrogen sources. Diverse anaerobic UA-degrading bacteria comprising 16 species were isolated from the gut of eight termite species, and were assigned to Clostridia, ...
Foata J - - 2012
This study deals with first ultrastructure features of Acanthocephaloides incrassatus (Paleacanthocephala, Arhythmacanthidae), a parasite of the fish Anguilla anguilla, reported for the first time in a Mediterranean pond. The spermiogenesis of A. incrassatus shows original specificities which have never been pointed out to this day in ultrastructural studies on spermiogenesis: ...
Norita Katsuya - - 2012
Coronary vasculitis is a rare and diagnostically challenging cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD). There are currently no large-scale series on this rare entity. A retrospective non-case-control observational study of SCD with coronary vasculitis referred to a tertiary cardiac pathology referral centre at the National Heart and Lung Institute at ...
Meschke Laurie L - - 2012
High levels of alcohol use among pregnant women have been associated with a spectrum of birth defects. Greater maternal age has been related to an increased risk of drinking during pregnancy. Although the context, process, and outcomes of pregnancy and alcohol use vary by maternal age, no studies have examined ...
Zhou E H - - 2012
Physical forces can elicit complex time- and space-dependent deformations in living cells. These deformations at the subcellular level are difficult to measure but can be estimated using computational approaches such as finite element (FE) simulation. Existing FE models predominantly treat cells as spring-dashpot viscoelastic materials, while broad experimental data are ...
Chen Hong - - 2012
PURPOSE: We analyzed and compared the distributions of 13 target pharmaceuticals in different water samples from the Hangzhou metropolitan area and Linan County, Southeast China. METHODS: Sampling was conducted in five hospitals, two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), and Qiantang River. Samples were concentrated by solid-phase extraction and PPCP concentrations were ...
Longhurst Hilary - - 2012
Hereditary angio-oedema is caused by a heterozygous deficiency of C1 inhibitor. This inhibitor regulates several inflammatory pathways, and patients with hereditary angio-oedema have intermittent cutaneous or mucosal swellings because of a failure to control local production of bradykinin. Swellings typically evolve in several hours and persist for a few days. ...
Liu Hongbing - - 2012
Embryonic development is a tightly regulated process, and many families of genes functions to provide a regulatory genetic network to achieve such a program. The homeobox genes are an extensive family that encodes transcription factors with a characteristic 60-amino acid homeodomain. Mutations in these genes or in the encoded proteins ...
Pang Chia Yong - - 2012
The inhibitory effects of five flavonoids with distinct chemical classes (flavones [luteolin], flavonols [quercetin and quercitrin], and flavanones [hesperetin and hespiridin]) on cDNA-expressed CYP2C8 were investigated. CYP2C8 was co-expressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase in Escherichia coli and used to characterise potency and mechanism of these flavonoids on the isoform. Tolbutamide ...
Furuya Kazushige - - 2012
This report presents the extremely rare case of an adult patient who presented with peritonitis caused by the perforation of an ileal duplication, associated with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) arising within the duplication. A 70-year-old female was admitted to the hospital with lower abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography showed ...
Carter Dan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Large rectoceles (>2 cm) are believed to be associated with difficulty in evacuation, constipation, rectal pain, and rectal bleeding. The aim of our study was to determine whether rectocele size is related to patient's symptoms or defecatory parameters. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on data collected on patients referred ...
Lan Wei-Tse - - 2012
The antifungal activities of 85 lactic acid bacteria strains isolated from fermented wax gourd against the four fungal species, Penicillium oxalicum, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus sydowii, and Mucor racemosus, were determined. Inhibitory activity against at least one or more fungal species was observed with 27 Weissella cibaria and 11 Weissella paramesenteroides ...
Chung Hoyoung - - 2012
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a cyanotic congenital heart defect that presents with a multitude of clinical presentations. We report a case of obstructive total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) which presented in a way that has not previously been described. An infant with mixed type obstructive TAPVC was ...
Domschke Katharina - - 2012
As shown by clinical genetic studies, affective and anxiety disorders are complex genetic disorders with genetic and environmental factors interactively determining their respective pathomechanism. Advances in molecular genetic techniques including linkage studies, association studies, and genome-wide association studies allow for the detailed dissection of the genetic influence on the development ...
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