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Results 351 - 400 of 2852
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Occhino John A - - 2012
Mentor Corporation's ObTape has been associated with considerable morbidity. An unacceptably high exposure rate has been noted, and in some cases, multiple procedures may be necessary for complete mesh removal. We evaluated a patient who had prior ObTape placement complicated with persistent vaginal discharge and granulation tissue formation related to ...
Wurst Martin - - 2012
When Trypanosoma brucei differentiates from the bloodstream form to the procyclic form, there are decreases in the levels of many mRNAs encoding proteins required for the glycolytic pathway, and the mRNA encoding the RNA Recognition Motif protein RBP10 decreases in parallel. We show that RBP10 is a cytoplasmic protein that ...
Bhaktha Geetha - - 2012
Objective: Our study attempted to evaluate the diagnostic value of HbA1c in predicting diabetic dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Methods: Study comprised 229 subjects (156 males and 73 females) with diabetic dyslipidemia without any micro and macro vascular disorders. Fasting blood samples were taken to analyse biochemical parameters like HbA1c, ...
Stafinski Tania - - 2012
Background  Interest in citizens' juries for eliciting the views of the public to inform coverage decisions on new health technologies has grown. However, evaluative information, particularly regarding their short- and/or longer-term impact on participants' views is limited. As citizens' juries can be resource intensive, such information is required to make ...
Zhou Fang - - 2012
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is now considered to be one of the most important diseases in countries with intensive swine industries. The two major membrane-associated proteins of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), GP5 and M (encoded by ORF5 and ORF6 genes, respectively), are associated as disulfide-linked ...
Redondo Analía - - 2012
Abstract Dietary flavonoids, present in different amount in foods, are associated with the prevention of hypertension, but little is known about the interactions between them. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of quercetin (Q), catechin (C) and the mixture, on Angiotensin II (AngII)-induced redox-dependent signaling pathways ...
Long Zhen - - 2012
A non-aqueous solid phase extraction (SPE) method utilizing silica based strong cation exchange (SCX) was developed and optimized for the enrichment of alkaloids. In this method, silica based SCX SPE columns were used for the elimination of non-alkaloid compounds and the preconcentration of alkaloids from the extracts. Mass spectrometry was ...
Simões Tiago R - - 2012
The record of Gondwanan Mesozoic lizards is very poor. Among the few species described for this region there is Tijubina pontei, an Early Cretaceous lizard from the Crato Formation (late Aptian) of northeast Brazil. Its description is very brief and lacks most of its diagnostic characters and clear delimitation from ...
Pekkanen Juha - - 2012
There is a need to better define phenotypes of asthma. However, many studies have data available only on asthma and atopy, so they are often used to define 'atopic' and 'non-atopic' asthma. We discuss and illustrate the problems of analyzing such outcomes. We used the 31 year follow-up of the Northern ...
Petrat Frank - - 2012
PURPOSE: Acute cardiovascular events have repeatedly been reported to occur during the intraoperative presentation of the urinary tract with toluidine blue (TB). We here assessed the minimum TB dose required, and its safest and most suitable form of intravenous administration for the intraoperative staining of the ureters in rats. METHODS: ...
Farrelly Ellyn - - 2012
There are little data revealing how genetic counselors talk about disability in the prenatal setting. We performed a qualitative analysis of 93 existing transcripts from simulated patient (SP) genetic counseling sessions conducted in 2003-4 through the Genetic Counseling Video Project. We found that most genetic counselors (95%) focused on the ...
Sager O - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Active Breathing Control-moderate deep inspiration breath-hold (ABC-mDIBH) on tumor motion and critical organ doses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) radiotherapy. 23 patients with locally advanced NSCLC were included in the study. All patients were scanned at free breathing ...
Rios Danyelle R A - - 2012
Hemodialysis (HD) is associated with increasing thrombotic trend. Vascular access thrombosis (VAT) increases morbidity in HD patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate ADAMTS13 and VWF plasma levels from patients undergoing HD as putative biomarkers of the hypercoagulability state, as well the association between these markers and VAT ...
Bobbert Peter A - - 2012
Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are considered in technological applications for which low cost or mechanical flexibility are crucial factors. The environmental stability of the organic semiconductors used in OFETs has improved to a level that is now sufficient for commercialization. However, serious problems remain with the stability of OFETs under ...
Wang Po-Kai - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with parenteral opioids is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of dexamethasone plus haloperidol with dexamethasone plus ondansetron for the prevention of PCA-related PONV. Patients who received dexamethasone alone were ...
Satory P R - - 2012
This work is the development of a MOSFET based surface in vivo dosimetry system for total body irradiation patients treated with bilateral extended SSD beams using PMMA missing tissue compensators adjacent to the patient. An empirical formula to calculate midplane dose from MOSFET measured entrance and exit doses has been ...
Kawamura Minoru - - 2012
The accuracy of the casual urine (CU) method for estimating daily salt intake was compared with the second morning urine (SMU) method and with 24-h urine collection (24UC) method as the gold standard. Data were obtained from three previously reported studies, in which we evaluated the daily salt intake by ...
Deluca Jane M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Internet searches on health topics are common, but not enough is known about online use during serious health concerns. The aim of this study was to investigate parents' internet use and responses to online information following the referral of their newborn screen-positive infants. METHODS: Forty-four parents were interviewed about ...
Audureau Etienne - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate time trends in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in France and to report existing and changing demographic, socioeconomic, and geographic disparities. METHODS: Data were drawn from two independent national cross-sectional surveys conducted in 1995 and 2003, including 3,243 individuals aged 18-84 in 1995 and 22,743 in 2003. ...
Liu Zhi-Chun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a recently identified proinflammatory cytokine of the TNF superfamily that functions through binding to Fn14 receptor in target cells. TWEAK has multiple biological activities. Studies show that TWEAK plays an important role in immune inflammatory diseases. Recent work has ...
Williams Bethan - - 2012
To evaluate a sample of Internet sites advertising statins for sale to the general public. A simulated customer search and evaluation of retrieved sites using evaluation tools focussing on quality (Q) and safe medicine use (SMU). Sites retrieved on 17 November 2010 were systematically analysed from 19 November to 23 ...
Lyon Ho - - 2012
In this 12(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) under the heading of Regulatory affairs, the Biological Stain Commission's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 1 Quality and competence in the medical laboratory and ISO/TC 212/WG 3 In vitro diagnostic products both ...
Cummings L J - - 2012
This paper analyzes the biochemical equilibria between bivalent receptors, homo-bifunctional ligands, monovalent inhibitors, and their complexes. Such reaction schemes arise in the immune response, where immunoglobulins (bivalent receptors) bind to pathogens or allergens. The equilibria may be described by an infinite system of algebraic equations, which accounts for complexes of ...
Tarantino Lisa M - - 2012
Assigning function to genes has long been a focus of biomedical research. Even with complete knowledge of the genomic sequences of humans, mice and other experimental organisms, there is still much to be learned about gene function and control. Ablation or overexpression of single genes using knockout or transgenic technologies ...
Jang Dong Pyo - - 2012
Although fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) has contributed to important advances in neuroscience research, the technique is encumbered by significant analytical challenges. Confounding factors such as pH change and transient effects at the microelectrode surface make it difficult to discern the analytes represented by complex voltammograms. Here we introduce paired-pulse voltammetry ...
Kanjanaphachoat Parawee - - 2012
A mutant M47286 with a stunted growth, low fertility and dark-brown phenotype was identified from a T-DNA-tagged rice mutant library. This mutant contained a copy of the T-DNA tag inserted at the location where the expression of two putative tryptophan decarboxlyase genes, TDC-1 and TDC-3, were activated. Enzymatic assays of ...
Ahmad Iqbal - - 2012
The present study involves the evaluation of the effect of certain stabilizers, i.e. citric acid (CT), tartaric acid (TA) and boric acid (BA) on the degradation of ascorbic acid (AH(2) ) in oil-in-water cream formulations exposed to the UV light and stored in the dark. The apparent first-order rate constants ...
Baruah Biswajita - - 2012
Reaction of barbituric acids with aldehydes and dihydropyridines in one pot under microwave (MW) irradiation in the absence of solvent, affords 55-82% of the 5-benzylated barbituric acids. Use of alkyl nitriles or barbituric acids with indole-3-aldehyde and dihydropyridine (DHP) afforded 3-alkylated indoles in 57-76 % yield. In each case DHPs ...
Zedan Magdy - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare lung function in wheezy infants, with risk factors of asthma and with some immunological parameters which may be useful as predictors of subsequent asthma. METHODS: The data of 241 infants aged 5-36 mo, with recurrent wheeze (≥3 episodes of physician confirmed wheeze) prior to receiving inhaled corticosteroids or ...
Hoshikawa Yoshihiro - - 2012
This study aimed to clarify the differences in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the psoas major (PM) muscle and hip flexion force (HFF) of the right (dominant) side between adolescent male soccer players and age-matched non-athletes. PM CSA at L4-L5 and HFF at 1.05 rad/s were determined in 22 early (12.8-13.6 years) ...
Wieczorek E - - 2012
The family of human matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) consists of 24 zinc- and calcium-dependent proteolytic enzymes. MMPs are divided into six subgroups, in terms of differences in the substrate specificity with structural domain architecture. These enzymes are involved in many physiological processes, such as skeletal development, wound healing, scar formation, as ...
Sweet Richard L - - 2012
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), one of the most common infections in non-pregnant women of reproductive age, remains an important public health problem. It is associated with major long-term sequelae, including tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In addition, treatment of acute PID and its complications incurs substantial ...
Huang Hefei - - 2012
Dopamine receptor, via D(1)-like and D(2)-like receptors, increases sodium excretion in kidney. We have reported positive interactions between D(3) and D(1) receptors in renal proximal tubule (RPT) cells. These reports, however do not preclude that there may be also interaction between D(3) and D(5) receptors, because of the lack of ...
Alban Michael W - - 2012
Mentally reinstating encoding operations at retrieval might improve access to memories; however, such constrained retrieval is an effortful process that may not always be used. The memory-for-foils procedure (Jacoby, Shimizu, Daniels, & Rhodes, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 12, 852-857, 2005) infers participant-initiated mental reinstatement of encoding operations during attempts at ...
Caetano A L - - 2012
This study describes the first attempt to validate a Portuguese natural soil (PTRS1) to be used as reference soil for ecotoxicological purposes, aimed to both: (i) obtain ecotoxicological data for the derivation of Soil Screening Values (SSVs) with regional relevance, acting as a substrate to be spiked with ranges of ...
Takahashi Aki - - 2012
Serotonin (5-HT) has long been considered as a key transmitter in the neurocircuitry controlling aggression. Impaired regulation of each subtype of 5-HT receptor, 5-HT transporter, synthetic and metabolic enzymes has been linked particularly to impulsive aggression. The current summary focuses mostly on recent findings from pharmacological and genetic studies. The ...
Fujime Mika - - 2012
The current study tested the hypothesis that pregnancy-related changes are more pronounced in central hemodynamics, and both central aortic systolic blood pressure (cSBP) and augmentation index (AIx) are independent from brachial systolic blood pressure (bSBP) in normal pregnant subjects. In 830 healthy pregnant women from 12 to 36 weeks gestation, ...
Zhang Chengxi - - 2012
This paper describes the utilization of skeletal Ni-based catalysts for steam reforming of ethanol to produce CO-free hydrogen, which could be superior in the application of fuel cells. Assistant metals play different roles in the reaction; Pt and Cu suppress the methanation and enhance H(2) production, while Co promotes the ...
King Graeme A - - 2012
This article reports the striking interplay between the molecular structure and the photodissociation dynamics of catechol (a key dihydroxybenzene), identified using a combination of electronic spectroscopy, hydrogen (Rydberg) atom photofragment translational spectroscopy, density functional theory and second order approximate coupled cluster methods. We describe how the non-planar (C(1) symmetry) ← ...
Asai Atsushi - - 2012
A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably ...
Walker Carolina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of an alternative model of birth (AMB) on the incidence of assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) and perineal trauma (PT). METHODS: One hundred ninety-nine women with epidural anesthesia were randomized to a traditional model of birth (TMB) (n = 96) or AMB ...
Traore Zoumana Sekou - - 2012
In this study, a sensitive and simple flow-injection chemiluminescence (CL) method was developed for the quantitative analysis of haemoglobin. The method is based on the ability of haemoglobin to enhance the CL signal generated by a H(2) O(2) -K(4) Fe(CN)(6) -fluorescein alkaline system enhanced by CdTe quantum dots. Under the ...
Ludwig Ralf J - - 2012
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a chronic mucocutaneous autoimmune skin blistering disease. Several lines of evidence underscore the contribution of autoantibodies against type VII collagen (COL7) to the pathogenesis of EBA. Furthermore, EBA susceptibility is associated with the MHC haplotype in patients (HLA-DR2) and in immunization-induced EBA in mice (H2s). ...
Suzuki Norihiro - - 2012
We fabricate mesoporous silica/silicone composites in a simple way and systematically examine their thermal stability, swelling characteristic, mechanical strength, and transparency. Simple calculations show that more than 90 vol% of mesopores are filled with silicone rubbers. Compared to non-porous silica/silicone composites, mesoporous silica/silicone composites showed a lower coefficient of linear ...
Ye Jian - - 2012
Detailed understanding of the underlying mechanisms of surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) remains challenging for different experimental conditions. We report on an excitation wavelength dependent SERS of 4-aminothiophenol molecules on gold nanorings. SERS and normal Raman spectra, combined with well-characterized surface morphology, optical spectroscopy and electromagnetic (EM) field simulations of ...
Hulin-Curtis S L - - 2012
We examined single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11B (TNFRSF11B) gene and knee OA. We identified alleles in a VNTR region in intron 3 that was observed exclusively in women OA cases (P = 0.007, Pc = 0.042). Our results reveal that a previously unreported association between a VNTR ...
Ruiz-Crespo Silvia - - 2012
Although coffee has antioxidant capacity, it is not known which of its bioactive compounds is responsible for it, nor has it been analyzed in experimental cerebral infarction. We studied the effect one of its compounds, 3-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA), at doses of 4, 25 and 100 μg on plasma antioxidant capacity and ...
Yan Peiying - - 2012
The abundance and community composition of culturable bacteria in four snow cores along the 1300 km traverse from Zhongshan Station to Dome A, East Antarctica, were investigated through the combination of liquid and solid media and small subunit 16S rRNA sequences. Under aerobic cultivation conditions, the average concentrations of bacterial colonies ...
Nikpay Majid - - 2012
Links between substance use habits, obesity, stress and the related cardiovascular outcomes can be, in part, because of loci with pleiotropic effects. To investigate this hypothesis, we performed genome-wide mapping in 119 multigenerational families from a population in the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region with a known founder effect using 58,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms ...
Pun Carson - - 2012
Although significant advances in our understanding of the cognitive and neural processes involved in conscious awareness have occurred in recent years, the precise mechanisms that support consciousness remain elusive. Examining the neural correlates associated with the moment a stimulus enters or exits conscious awareness is one way to potentially identify ...
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