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Kwiatkowska Maria - - 2012
Lipid bodies present in lipotubuloids of O. umbellatum ovary epidermis take the form of a lens between leaflets of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane filled with a highly osmiophilic substance. The two enzymes, diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 and 2 (DGAT1 and DGAT2), involved in this process are synthesized on rough ER and ...
Revez J - - 2012
The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) locus class was determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 335 Finnish Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from humans, poultry and bovines with known multilocus sequence types. The results revealed an association between clonal complexes/sequence types (STs) and LOS locus classes. Based on these results, we further predicted ...
Bevans Katherine B - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the development of the Healthy Pathways Parent-Report Scales, measures of health, illness, well-being, and achievement among youth in middle childhood and adolescence. METHODS: The Healthy Pathways Scales were derived from the Child Health and Illness Profile (CHIP) instruments. The CHIP domains of Comfort, Risk Avoidance, Satisfaction, and ...
Tsai Sarah L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital hypopituitarism might have the classic triad of pituitary stalk interruption syndrome, which consists of: (1) an interrupted or thin pituitary stalk, (2) an absent or ectopic posterior pituitary (EPP), and (3) anterior pituitary hypoplasia or aplasia. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between pituitary anatomy and the ...
Fatehi Foad - - 2012
Responses of plants to salinity stress and the development of salt tolerance are extremely complex. Proteomics is a powerful technique to identify proteins associated with a particular environmental or developmental signal. We employed a proteomic approach to further understand the mechanism of plant responses to salinity in a salt-tolerant (Afzal) ...
Szirmai Agnes - - 2012
The electronystagmographical analysis of the eye movements provoked by caloric stimulation is an important method in the evaluation and topical diagnostic procedure of several vestibular lesions. The aim of the study was to compare the electronystagmographical results of caloric response in several vestibular disorders. The patients were divided into five ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
A new resorufin-based probe is developed, which exhibits a rapid and sensitive color and a fluorescence off-on response to benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in aqueous media containing 10% ethanol via deboronation. The probe has been applied to the simple detection of BPO in real samples such as wheat flour and antimicrobial ...
Mu Lina - - 2012
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis is fundamentally important in cell growth, development and cancer. We used genomic technologies to better characterize the activity of the IGF axis in human breast cancer and to identify predictors of response to IGF targeted therapies. Analysis of the gene expression patterns and pathway ...
Manta S - - 2012
Glycogen phosphorylase is a molecular target for the design of potential hypoglycaemic agents. Structure based design pinpointed that the 3'-position of glucopyranose equipped with a suitable group has the potential to form interactions with enzyme's cofactor, PLP, thus enhancing the inhibitory potency. Hence, we have investigated the binding of two ...
Steinberg Holger - - 2012
Heinroth is known as the first professor of psychiatry. His chair was established 200 years ago on the 21st of October 1811. His major importance for the history of psychotherapy has not yet been acknowledged. Heinroth regarded restriction as well as activation as fundamental remedies for mental illnesses. Restriction meant making ...
Donnez Jacques - - 2012
The efficacy and side-effect profile of ulipristal acetate as compared with those of leuprolide acetate for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids before surgery are unclear. In this double-blind noninferiority trial, we randomly assigned 307 patients with symptomatic fibroids and excessive uterine bleeding to receive 3 months of daily therapy ...
Leo Gualtiero - - 2012
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a relatively common disease in children but is often overlooked because at times the clinical symptoms are subtle and nonspecific. This makes imaging very important in the diagnosis. Among the different techniques, plain radiography has limited utility, whereas CT scan and MRI have a major role ...
Romberger Steven P - - 2012
Phototrophs of the family Heliobacteriaceae contain the simplest known Type I reaction center (RC), consisting of a homodimeric (PshA)(2) core devoid of bound cytochromes and antenna proteins. Unlike plant and cyanobacterial Photosystem I in which the F(A)/F(B) protein, PsaC, is tightly bound to P(700)-F(X) cores, the RCs of Heliobacterium modesticaldum ...
Yan Guan-Wen - - 2012
HIV protease is a key enzyme to play a key role in the HIV-1 replication cycle and control the maturation from HIV viruses to an infectious virion. HIV-1 protease has become an important target for anti-HIV-1 drug development. Here we used molecular dynamics simulation to study the binding mode between ...
Mohseny Alexander B - - 2012
About 40% of osteosarcoma patients die of metastases. Novel strategies to improve treatment of metastatic patients require a better understanding of the processes involved, like angiogenesis, migration and the immune response. However the rarity of osteosarcoma and its heterogeneity make this neoplasm difficult to study. Recently we reported malignant transformation ...
Madrid Ana María - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The role of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in functional digestive disorders in the pediatric population is a matter of controversy, since methods currently used to establish this diagnosis are difficult to interpret. The aim of this work was to analyze the characteristics of the lactulose H(2) breath test ...
Ladstein Rita G - - 2012
Mitotic count is a known prognostic predictor in cutaneous melanoma, and is included in the current American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system. The mitotic marker phosphohistone H3 (PHH3) is considered to facilitate counting of mitosis, and the purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance ...
Kellie Jennifer Lee - - 2012
M06-2X/6-31+G(d,p) is used to study the simultaneous effects of π-π stacking interactions with phenylalanine (modeled as benzene) and hydrogen bonding with small molecules (HF, H2O and NH3) on the N1 acidity of uracil and the hydrolytic deglycosylation of 2'-deoxyuridine (dU) (facilitated by fully (OH-) or partially (HCOO-•••H2O) activated water). When ...
Saxena Madhukar - - 2012
In this first report on the association of an IL-10 promoter polymorphism with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a North Indian population, the -592A/C SNP (rs1800872) was genotyped by PCR-RFLP and the IL-10 level measured using ELISA. Although no significant difference was observed in the genotypic frequencies (P = 0.657), diabetes patients ...
Sørgjerd E P - - 2012
AIMS: The aetiology of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), assessed by autoimmune markers, is insufficiently clarified. We cross-sectionally investigated the prevalence and prospectively the prediabetic and postdiabetic presence of antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA), insulinoma-associated protein 2 and zinc transporter 8 in LADA and in type 1 diabetes. ...
Asghari Alimohamad - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder which can result in mood problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the severity of depression and anxiety symptoms as the most prevalent psychological disturbances present in different severity of OSA. We performed a cross-sectional study of 685 recently ...
Melo Isabel S - - 2012
A case of ventricular septal tumor diagnosed in 7-month-old boy is reported. An echocardiogram was performed for investigation of a heart murmur in an otherwise healthy infant. He remained asymptomatic, and the tumor had a very slow growth. When the boy was 9 years old, partial surgical excision was performed for ...
Sanz-Penella Juan Mario - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the bread supplemented with whole amaranth flour (0, 20 and 40%) on iron bioavailability using Caco-2 cells model. The phytate and lower myo-inositol phosphates content in in vitro bread digests were measured by high pressure liquid chromatography. The ...
Sbrocchi A M - - 2012
The impact of intravenous bisphosphonate treatment to treat painful vertebral fractures in boys with DMD has not been documented. In this retrospective observational study of seven boys, 2 years of intravenous bisphosphonate therapy was associated with back pain improvement and stabilization or increases in the height ratios of fractured vertebrae. INTRODUCTION: ...
Moreira Ana O - - 2012
Lead-induced toxicity varies among individuals partly because of genetic differences in their susceptibility to the metal's effects. One genetic polymorphism associated with lead toxicity is a G-to-C transversion at position 177 in the coding region of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), originating from two codominant alleles (ALAD1 and ALAD2). We examined ...
Nussbaum Milka - - 2012
A study on the photocatalytic degradation of contaminants (salicylic acid and stearic acid) on titanium dioxide films overcoated with a few monolayers of silica is presented herein. A rather uncommon situation was observed, where the presence of the thin silica layers decreased the degradation rate of stearic acid while increasing ...
Batra Anjan S - - 2012
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood, and congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common form of birth defect. Children with CHD are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD. Stimulant medications, specifically methylphenidates and amphetamines, are frequently prescribed and effective in reducing ...
Cabrera-Chávez Francisco - - 2012
Maize is used as an alternative to wheat to elaborate foodstuffs for celiac patients in a gluten-free diet. However, some maize prolamins (zeins) contain amino acid sequences that resemble the wheat gluten immunodominant peptides and their integrity after gastrointestinal proteolysis is unknown. In this study, the celiac IgA-immunoreactivity to zeins ...
Farrelly Ellyn - - 2012
There are little data revealing how genetic counselors talk about disability in the prenatal setting. We performed a qualitative analysis of 93 existing transcripts from simulated patient (SP) genetic counseling sessions conducted in 2003-4 through the Genetic Counseling Video Project. We found that most genetic counselors (95%) focused on the ...
Sager O - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Active Breathing Control-moderate deep inspiration breath-hold (ABC-mDIBH) on tumor motion and critical organ doses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) radiotherapy. 23 patients with locally advanced NSCLC were included in the study. All patients were scanned at free breathing ...
Rios Danyelle R A - - 2012
Hemodialysis (HD) is associated with increasing thrombotic trend. Vascular access thrombosis (VAT) increases morbidity in HD patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate ADAMTS13 and VWF plasma levels from patients undergoing HD as putative biomarkers of the hypercoagulability state, as well the association between these markers and VAT ...
Liu Zhi-Chun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a recently identified proinflammatory cytokine of the TNF superfamily that functions through binding to Fn14 receptor in target cells. TWEAK has multiple biological activities. Studies show that TWEAK plays an important role in immune inflammatory diseases. Recent work has ...
Williams Bethan - - 2012
To evaluate a sample of Internet sites advertising statins for sale to the general public. A simulated customer search and evaluation of retrieved sites using evaluation tools focussing on quality (Q) and safe medicine use (SMU). Sites retrieved on 17 November 2010 were systematically analysed from 19 November to 23 ...
Lyon Ho - - 2012
In this 12(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) under the heading of Regulatory affairs, the Biological Stain Commission's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 1 Quality and competence in the medical laboratory and ISO/TC 212/WG 3 In vitro diagnostic products both ...
Cummings L J - - 2012
This paper analyzes the biochemical equilibria between bivalent receptors, homo-bifunctional ligands, monovalent inhibitors, and their complexes. Such reaction schemes arise in the immune response, where immunoglobulins (bivalent receptors) bind to pathogens or allergens. The equilibria may be described by an infinite system of algebraic equations, which accounts for complexes of ...
Tarantino Lisa M - - 2012
Assigning function to genes has long been a focus of biomedical research. Even with complete knowledge of the genomic sequences of humans, mice and other experimental organisms, there is still much to be learned about gene function and control. Ablation or overexpression of single genes using knockout or transgenic technologies ...
Shapiro Ron - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study aims to evaluate the risk of advanced histology within small colonic polyps and assess whether this risk warrants different recommendation for surveillance and treatment of such polyps. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients undergoing their first ever colonoscopy and polypectomy in a tertiary hospital for one ...
Hermans Sm - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: High early mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in resource-limited settings is associated with low baseline CD4 cell counts and a high burden of opportunistic infections. Our large urban HIV clinic in Uganda has made concerted efforts to initiate ART at higher CD4 cell counts and to improve diagnosis ...
Olivares Manuel - - 2012
Iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) deficiencies constitute two of the most important nutritional and public health problems affecting developing countries. Combined supplementation or fortification with Zn and Fe are strategies that can be used to improve the Zn and Fe status of a population. However, there is concern about potential ...
Peng Xihong - - 2012
First principles density functional theory calculations were performed to study the effects of strain, edge passivation, and surface functional species on the structural and electronic properties of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs), with a particular focus on the work function. The work function was found to increase with uniaxial tensile strain ...
Tarrant Marie - - 2012
During the 2009-2010 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic, pregnant women infected with the virus experienced excess morbidity and mortality when compared with other groups. Once a vaccine was available, pregnant women were a priority group for vaccination. Only a few studies have reported on the uptake of 2009 A/H1N1 influenza vaccine among ...
Mc Brearty A - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Deafness has been reported in horses due to a variety of causes and objective auditory assessment has been performed with brainstem auditory evoked potential testing. Evoked otoacoustic emission (OAE) tests are widely used in human patients for hearing screening, detecting partial hearing loss (including frequency-specific hearing ...
Davison Gareth W - - 2012
Even though intense exercise has traditionally been associated with a statistically significant accumulation of blood-borne biomarkers of free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, it remains to be determined if the oxidative stress response is biologically significant. To examine biological significance, we calculated the critical difference of selected biomarkers of oxidants-antioxidants in the ...
Taylor Lauren J - - 2012
There is debate regarding the relationship between autism and specific language impairment (SLI), with some researchers proposing aetiological overlap between the conditions and others maintaining their aetiological distinction. Although considerable research has investigated the language phenotypes of these disorders, the relationship between the cognitive phenotypes has been left relatively unexplored. ...
Mi J-Q - - 2012
The molecular characterization of cytogenetic abnormalities has not only provided insights into the mechanisms of leukemogenesis but also led to the establishment of new treatment strategies targeting these abnormalities and thereby further improve the prognosis of patients. We analyzed the prognosis of 1091 Chinese patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic ...
Qin Q - - 2012
It is hypothesized that "cancer stem cells" are responsible for the resistance to chemotherapy of cancer cells in ovarian cancers. The objective of the studies was to explore if the stem cell biomarkers could be used to predict the tumor chemotherapy-resistance in serous ovarian cancer patients. Expression of two putative ...
Saatchi Masoud - - 2012
Abstract -  Background: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a multi-purpose dental material with various uses in dentistry. Iodine potassium iodide (IKI) is the most commonly used iodine compound in endodontics. We aimed to assess the antimicrobial activity of tooth-colored ProRoot MTA combined with IKI. Materials and methods: The antimicrobial activity of IKI was ...
Sun Qing - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to detect the expressions of GRP78 and Bax in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues, to analyze their correlations with carcinogenesis and the development of NSCLC, and to investigate the relationship of GRP78 expression to metastasis and apoptosis in the NSCLC cell line ...
Liu Jing - - 2012
Nonmagnetic polymer colloids have been assembled into colloidal photonic crystals in a ferrofluid by applying an external magnetic field based on the dipole-dipole interactions of "magnetic holes". The photonic crystal disassembles immediately when the magnetic field is removed. The mechanism of assembly can be explained by two simultaneous processes: phase ...
Lau Ee Von - - 2012
The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil samples were measured at five different sites within Klang Valley, Malaysia. The results showed that the total concentrations of the fourteen priority PAHs ranged from 64 to 155 μg/kg. Irrespective of the land use, all the measured soil PAH concentrations in this ...
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