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Mishanina Tatiana V TV Department of Chemistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2012
Thymidylate is a DNA nucleotide that is essential to all organisms and is synthesized by the enzyme thymidylate synthase (TSase). Several human pathogens rely on an alternative flavin-dependent thymidylate synthase (FDTS), which differs from the human TSase both in structure and molecular mechanism. It has recently been shown that FDTS ...
Shibata Tomoyuki T Institute for the Study of the Environment, Sustainability, & Energy and School of Nursing & Health Studies, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, United States. - - 2012
Currently no U.S. federal guideline is available for assessing risk of illness from sand at recreational sites. The objectives of this study were to compute a reference level guideline for pathogens in beach sand and to compare these reference levels with measurements from a beach impacted by nonpoint sources of ...
Zhu Junmin J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University , 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States. - - 2012
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an attractive model for designing synthetic scaffolds with a desirable environment for tissue engineering. Here, we report on the synthesis of ECM-mimetic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels for inducing endothelial cell (EC) adhesion and capillary-like network formation. A collagen type I-derived peptide GPQGIAGQ (GIA)-containing PEGDA (GIA-PEGDA) ...
Liu Lin L Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 1051 Biomedical Science Tower 3, 3501 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, - - 2012
Domain swapping creates protein oligomers by exchange of structural units between identical monomers. At present, no unifying molecular mechanism of domain swapping has emerged. Here we used the protein Cyanovirin-N (CV-N) and (19)F-NMR to investigate the process of domain swapping. CV-N is an HIV inactivating protein that can exist as ...
Lindqvist Pelle G PG Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clintec, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2012
To relate pregnancy characteristics to extent and reversibility of brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) in neonates. Retrospective case-control study: newborns with a registered diagnosis of BPBP (n = 168) 1990-2005 were compared to data from a randomly selected control group (n = 1000). Characteristics were related to the level of ...
Farmahin Reza - - 2012
There are large differences in sensitivity to the toxic and biochemical effects of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) among vertebrates. Previously, we demonstrated that the difference in sensitivity between domestic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) and common tern (Sterna hirundo) to aryl hydrocarbon receptor 1 (AHR1)-dependent changes in gene expression following ...
Wagh Nilesh K NK Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2012
The gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (BB2r) has shown great promise for tumor targeting due to the increase of the receptor expression in a variety of human cancers including prostate, breast, small-cell lung, and pancreatic cancer. From clinical investigations, prostate cancer has been shown to be among the most hypoxic of the ...
Costa Daniel O - - 2012
Nanoscale hydroxyapatite (HA) is an optimal candidate biomaterial for bone tissue engineering because of its bioactive and osteoconductive properties. In this study, micro- and nanoscale HA particles with rod- and wirelike morphology were synthesized by a novel sol-gel-hydrothermal process. Sol-gel chemistry was used to produce a dry gel containing amorphous ...
Nagorska Krzysztofa K Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection Division of Molecular Biosciences, Imperial College London, London, - - 2012
Although oxidative stress is a key aspect of innate immunity, little is known about how host-restricted pathogens successfully repair DNA damage. Base excision repair is responsible for correcting nucleobases damaged by oxidative stress, and is essential for bloodstream infection caused by the human pathogen, Neisseria meningitidis. We have characterized meningococcal ...
Sahab Ziad J ZJ Department of Oncology, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University , Washington, DC 20007, United States. - - 2012
Tubulin-α(1A/1B) C-terminal tail (CTT) has seven glutamic acid residues among the last 11 amino acids of its sequence that are potential sites for glutamylation. Cleavage of C-terminal tyrosine resulting in the detyrosinated form of tubulin-α(1A/1B) is another major modification. These modifications among others bring about highly heterogeneous tubulin samples in ...
Puskar Nyssa L NL Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 164-30, Pasadena, CA 91125, - - 2012
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are a family of closely related but pharmacologically distinct neurotransmitter-gated ion channels. They are therapeutic targets for a wide range of neurological disorders, and a key issue in drug development is selective targeting among the more than 20 subtypes of nAChRs that are known. The ...
Wei Yunzhou Y Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2012
Quorum sensing, a bacterial cell-cell communication process, controls biofilm formation and virulence factor production in Vibrio cholerae, a human pathogen that causes the disease cholera. The major V. cholerae autoinducer is (S)-3-hydroxytridecan-4-one (CAI-1). A membrane bound two-component sensor histidine kinase called CqsS detects CAI-1, and the CqsS → LuxU → ...
Mahler Barbara J - - 2012
Coal-tar-based sealcoat products, widely used in the central and eastern U.S. on parking lots, driveways, and even playgrounds, are typically 20-35% coal-tar pitch, a known human carcinogen that contains about 200 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds. Research continues to identify environmental compartments-including stormwater runoff, lake sediment, soil, house dust, and ...
Urbán S Veronika - - 2012
Analysis of genomic sequences has clearly shown that the genomic differences among species do not explain the diversity of life. The genetic code itself serves as only a part of the dynamic complexity that results in the temporal and spatial changes in cell phenotypes during development. It has been concluded ...
Wilbur D Scott DS Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2012
We are investigating the use of an (211)At-labeled anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody (mAb) as a replacement of total body irradiation in conditioning regimens designed to decrease the toxicity of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). As part of that investigation, dose-escalation studies were conducted in dogs using (211)At-labeled anticanine CD45 mAb, CA12.10C12, conjugated ...
Lorenz Bärbel B Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Göttingen, Tammannstrasse 6, 37077 Göttingen, - - 2012
The multivalent carbohydrate-carbohydrate interaction between membrane-anchored epitopes derived from the marine sponge Microciona prolifera has been explored by colloidal probe microscopy. An in situ coupling of sulfated and non-sulfated disaccharides to membrane-coated surfaces was employed to mimic native cell-cell contacts.The dynamic strength of the homomeric self-association was measured as a ...
Li Tao - - 2012
The K(+)-H(+)-triggered structural conversion of multiple nucleic acid helices involving duplexes, triplexes, G-quadruplexes, and i-motifs is studied by gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism, and thermal denaturation. We employ the structural interconversions for perfoming molecular logic operations, as verified by fluorimetry and colorimetry. Short G-rich and C-rich cDNA and RNA single strands ...
Duong Andrew A Department of Biology and Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2012
Streptomyces coelicolor is a multicellular bacterium whose life cycle encompasses three differentiated states: vegetative hyphae, aerial hyphae and spores. Among the factors required for aerial development are the 'chaplins', a family of eight secreted proteins that coat the surface of aerial hyphae. Three chaplins (the 'long' chaplins, ChpA, B and ...
Crouch Edmund A C EA Cambridge Environmental, Inc, 58 Charles Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02141, United States. - - 2012
The current paradigm for cancer risk assessment in the United States (U.S.) typically requires selection of representative rodent bioassay dose-response data for extrapolation to a single cancer potency estimate for humans. In the absence of extensive further information, the chosen bioassay result generally is taken to be that which gives ...
Wholey Wei-Yun WY Cellular and Molecular Biology Program, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2012
The redox-regulated chaperone Hsp33 protects bacteria specifically against stress conditions that cause oxidative protein unfolding, such as treatment with bleach or exposure to peroxide at elevated temperatures. To gain insight into the mechanism by which expression of Hsp33 confers resistance to oxidative protein unfolding conditions, we made use of Vibrio ...
Valenti Theodore W TW The Institute of Ecological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798, United States. - - 2012
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) represent a class of pharmaceuticals previously reported in aquatic ecosystems. SSRIs are designed to treat depression and other disorders in humans, but are recognized to elicit a variety of effects on aquatic organisms, ranging from neuroendocrine disruption to behavioral perturbations. However, an understanding of the ...
H Nagy Katalin - - 2012
There are no population-based data on the autoimmune morbidity and vascular complications of young adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes in Hungary. Aims: To assess the prevalence of these morbidities after 20 years of diabetes duration. Method: Postal questionnaire. Results: 6.2% of the patients had celiac disease. Diabetes was diagnosed ...
Lakatos László - - 2012
Colonic diverticular disease is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in the Western world, affecting approximately 50% of the population above the age of 70 years. Symptoms develop only in about one quarter of the affected individuals with complications in one-third of the symptomatic patients. Diagnosis is mostly confirmed ...
Isawa Haruhiko - - 2012
Culex flavivirus (CxFV) is an insect-specific flavivirus that has recently been detected in various Culex spp. mosquitoes worldwide. Here, we report the successful construction of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of a Tokyo strain, CxFV-NIID21. The full-length CxFV-NIID21 cDNA was cloned into the low-copy-number plasmid pMW119, which was stably amplified ...
- - 2012
Immunizations are recommended throughout life to prevent infectious diseases and their sequelae. Adult coverage, however, remains low for most routinely recommended vaccines and well below Healthy People 2020 targets. In October 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved the adult immunization schedule for 2012. Apart from influenza vaccination, ...
Ziebart Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Fibroblast growth factors consist of receptor tyrosine kinase binding proteins involved in growth, differentiation, and regeneration of a variety of tissues of the head and neck. Their role in the development of teeth has been documented, and their presence in human odontogenic cysts and tumors has previously been investigated. ...
Kashkouli Mohsen Bahmani - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical excision, cryotherapy and topical Mitomycin C (MMC) for ocular surface squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with at least 24 months follow-up. METHODS: Seventeen patients with primary and recurrent invasive SCC of ocular surface underwent surgical excision and map biopsy of the margins, and double freeze-thaw ...
Trampisch U S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The German questionnaire PRISCUS-PAQ was developed to measure actual physical activity of older adults in a telephone interview. PRISCUS-PAQ consists of ten main questions to assess the time spend in domestic activities (e.g., housework, gardening), sporting activities (e.g., riding a bicycle), and inactivity (e.g., sedentary activity, sleeping during the ...
Okamoto Kotaro - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. These probiotic effects are considered to be displayed through the mediation of effective molecules derived from these bacteria because live bacteria as well as their conditioned media exhibit beneficial effects ...
Knobloch K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Surgical decompression of nerves of the lower leg should facilitate swelling-related pressure in diabetic polyneuropathic similar to carpal and cubital tunnel syndrome. Pain reduction, reduced need for pain medication, improved pedal sensitivity, improved balance and proprioception, and potential prevention of ulcerations and amputations are the objectives of the operation. ...
- - 2012
In May 2011, a girl aged 8 years from a rural county in California was brought to a local emergency department (ED) with a 1-week history of progressive sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and weakness. After she developed flaccid paralysis and encephalitis, rabies was diagnosed based on 1) detection of rabies ...
Hof H - - 2012
Candida infections of the skin, mucous membranes as well as of internal organs may be more frequent and more serious in the elderly. There are several biological reasons for this, for example, alterations in the immune system. Whereas Candida albicans remains the major pathogen, there has been a relative increase ...
Martellucci Jacopo - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to compare the restaging results obtained by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed after preoperative chemoradiation with pathologic staging of the operative specimen. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2009, all the consecutive patients with locally ...
Gupta Satish K - - 2012
Zona pellucida (ZP) is a glycoproteinaceous translucent matrix that surrounds the mammalian oocyte and plays a critical role in the accomplishment of fertilization. In humans, it is composed of 4 glycoproteins designated as ZP1, ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4, whereas mouse ZP is composed of ZP1, ZP2 and ZP3 (Zp4 being ...
Krappinger D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Reduction and stabilization of osteoporotic vertebral body fractures using posterior short-segment instrumentation. Cement augmentation of the pedicle screws in order to improve the screw's holding power in osteoporotic bone and to reduce postoperative loss of reduction. Quick and painless postoperative mobilization without further bracing. INDICATIONS: Burst fractures (type A3 ...
Melvin Steven D - - 2012
Laboratory experiments are widely used to study how populations in nature might respond to various biological interactions, but the relevance of experiments in artificial venues is not known. We compiled mortality and growth data from 424 anuran populations carried out under laboratory, mesocosm, field enclosure, and field settings to determine ...
Schlossmann Jens - - 2012
Cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) serves as a second messenger molecule, which regulates pleiotropic cellular functions in health and disease. cGMP is generated by particulate or soluble guanylyl cyclases upon stimulation with natriuretic peptides or nitric oxide, respectively. Furthermore, the cGMP concentration is modulated by cGMP-degrading phosphodiesterases. Several targets of cGMP ...
Perelló-Alzamora M-R - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the clinical and epidemiological aspects of all cases of erysipelas and infectious cellulitis admitted to a tertiary hospital during a period of five years. All patients admitted with the main diagnosis of erysipelas or cellulitis to the Department of Dermatology of the ...
Kawai Kazushige - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although it is known that those patients who have developed colorectal cancer (CRC) are at a higher risk to develop metachronous adenoma or CRC, no study has been performed to analyze the relationship between the risk factors and the time course for the formation of postoperative adenoma using survival ...
- - 2012
CDC is collaborating with the Pennsylvania State Health Department in an ongoing investigation of an outbreak of human Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi B var. L (+) tartrate + infections associated with pet turtle exposures. Turtles have long been recognized as sources of human Salmonella infections and are a particular risk ...
Halkiadakis Ioannis - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare Icare ONE rebound self-tonometer (ICRBT) measurements with Goldman applanation tonometry (GAT). METHODS: A trained examiner instructed each of 60 normal subjects on use of the ICRBT. Each subject then took two measurements of his/her own pressure using the ICRBT. Finally, a different examiner, who was masked to ...
- - 2012
In 1980, before widespread global use of measles vaccine, an estimated 2.6 million measles deaths occurred worldwide. In 2001, to accelerate the reduction in measles cases achieved by vaccination, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed a strategy to deliver 2 doses of measles-containing ...
Kurtböke D I - - 2012
Microbial natural products, in particular, the ones produced by the members of the order Actinomycetales, will continue to represent an important route to the discovery of novel classes of bioactive compounds. As a result, the search for and discovery of lesser-known and/or novel actinomycetes is of significant interest to the ...
Oh Taehoon - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in corneal sensitivity, tear film function, and ocular surface stability in patients after cataract surgery. METHODS: This hospital-based prospective randomized trial included 48 eyes from 30 patients who underwent phacoemulsification. Slit-lamp examination, Schirmer test 1 (ST1), and measurement of corneal sensitivity and tear film breakup time ...
Jung Moo-Young - - 2012
2,3-Butanediol is an important bio-based chemical product, because it can be converted into several C4 industrial chemicals. In this study, a lactate dehydrogenase-deleted mutant was constructed to improve 2,3-butanediol productivity in Enterobacter aerogenes. To delete the gene encoding lactate dehydrogenase, λ Red recombination method was successfully adapted for E. aerogenes. ...
Schallenberg Maurice - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The term retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comprises a heterogeneous group of hereditary and sporadic human retinal degenerative diseases. The molecular and cellular events still remain obscure, thus hiding effective therapies. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a hematopoietic factor which plays a crucial role in protecting neuronal cells. Binding of GM-CSF ...
Zhang Na - - 2012
Template-directed polymerization of chemically activated ribonucleotide monomers, such as nucleotide 5'-phosphorimidazolides, has been studied as a model for nonenzymatic RNA replication during the origin of life. Kinetic studies of the polymerization of various nucleotide monomers on oligonucleotide templates have suggested that the A-form (C3'-endo sugar pucker) conformation is optimal for ...
Marina Vamsee Priya - - 2012
Juvenile acute non-proliferative glomerulonephritis (JANG) is a relatively new clinico-pathological entity established in 2000. A PubMed search revealed only two published reports encompassing 14 cases of JANG. It is distinguished from acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis by the presence of normal serum complement and the absence of diffuse proliferation of mesangial cells ...
Sankaranarayanan Subramanian K R S - - 2012
Atomistic simulations employing dynamic charge transfer between atoms are used to investigate ultra-thin oxide growth on Al(100) metal substrates in the presence of an ac electric field. In the range of 1-10 GHz frequencies, the enhancement in oxidation kinetics by ∼12% over natural oxidation can be explained by the Cabrera-Mott ...
Zhang Yu-Ping - - 2012
Traditional activity-guided fractionation of natural products is a time-consuming, labor intensive, and expensive strategy, which cannot compete with high-throughput and rapid screening of natural products. Therefore, more efficient approaches are necessary for searching active compounds from natural products. Three main methods based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis combined with ...
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