Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2589
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Aucott John N JN Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 10755 Falls Road, Suite 200, Lutherville, MD 21093, USA. - - 2013
A subset of patients treated for Lyme disease report persistent or recurrent symptoms of unknown etiology named post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). This study aims to describe a cohort of participants with early, untreated Lyme disease, and characterize post-treatment symptomatology and functional impact of PTLDS over time. Sixty-three participants with ...
Hommes J J Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands. - - 2012
World-wide, universities in health sciences have transformed their curriculum to include collaborative learning and facilitate the students' learning process. Interaction has been acknowledged to be the synergistic element in this learning context. However, students spend the majority of their time outside their classroom and interaction does not stop outside the ...
Dotan Efrat E Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA. - - 2012
Dual inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) demonstrated initial promise in clinical trials. This phase II study tested the efficacy and safety of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and cetuximab with or without bevacizumab as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer patients. Patients were randomized to ...
Park Eun-Jung EJ College of Pharmacy, University of Hawaii at Hilo, 34 Rainbow Drive, Hilo, Hawaii, 96720, - - 2012
Flavonoids are widely distributed in nature and a prevalent component of the human diet. Numerous biological activities have been reported. Some clinical trials or meta-analyses have suggested positive associations between flavonoid intake and human health, whereas others have not supported such a relationship. We currently highlight some responses that may ...
Shen Min M Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, 540.1 HWCRC, 4100 John R Road, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2012
The development of tumor drug resistance is one of the biggest obstacles on the way to achieve a favorable outcome of chemotherapy. Among various strategies that have been explored to overcome drug resistance, the combination of current chemotherapy with plant polyphenols as a chemosensitizer has emerged as a promising one. ...
Smulders Katrijn - - 2012
The objective of this study is to investigate the value of dual-task performance for the prediction of falls inpatients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Two hundred sixty three patients with PD (H&Y 1–3, 65.2 ± 7.9 years)walked two times along a 10-m trajectory, both under single-task and dual-task (DT) conditions (combined ...
Prakash K N Bhanu - - 2012
An automatic, accurate and fast segmentation of hemorrhage in brain Computed Tomography (CT) images is necessary for quantification and treatment planning when assessing a large number of data sets. Though manual segmentation is accurate, it is time consuming and tedious. Semi-automatic methods need user interactions and might introduce variability in ...
Bartnikas Thomas Benedict - - 2012
Transferrin is an abundant serum metal-binding protein best known for its role in iron delivery. The human disease congenital atransferrinemia and animal models of this disease highlight the essential role of transferrin in erythropoiesis and iron metabolism. Patients and mice deficient in transferrin exhibit anemia and a paradoxical iron overload ...
Tel Jurjen - - 2012
The plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) constitutes a unique DC subset that links the innate and adaptive arm of the immune system. Whereas the unique capability of pDCs to produce large amounts of type I IFNs in response to pathogen recognition is generally accepted,their antigen-presenting function is often neglected since most ...
Susa Koichiro K Department of Nephrology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima 1-5-45, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0034, - - 2012
We found that a mechanism of hypertension in pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII) caused by a WNK4 missense mutation (D561A) was activation of the WNK-OSR1/SPAK-NCC signal cascade. However, the pathogenic effect of intronic deletions in WNK1 genes also observed in PHAII patients remains unclear. To understand the pathophysiological roles of WNK1 ...
Tran P T - - 2012
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer deaths among men in the United States. Most men have localized disease diagnosed following an elevated serum prostate specific antigen test for cancer screening purposes. Standard treatment options consist of surgery or definitive radiation therapy directed by ...
Niedojadło Katarzyna - - 2012
We characterized three phases of Hyacinthus orientalis L. embryo sac development, in which the transcriptional activity of the cells differed using immunolocalization of incorporated 5′-bromouracil, the total RNA polymerase II pool and the hypo- (initiation) and hyperphosphorylated (elongation) forms of RNA Pol II. The first stage, which lasts from the ...
Sibley Cailin H - - 2012
Blocking interleukin-1 with anakinra in patients with the autoinflammatory syndrome neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) reduces systemic and organ-specific inflammation. However, the impact of long-term treatment has not been established. This study was undertaken to evaluate the long-term effect of anakinra on clinical and laboratory outcomes and safety in patients ...
Tobiszewski Marek - - 2012
Chlorinated ethanes and ethenes are among the most frequently detected organic pollutants of water. Their physicochemical properties are such that they can contaminate aquifers for decades. In favourable conditions, they can undergo degradation. In anaerobic conditions, chlorinated solvents can undergo reductive dechlorination. Abiotic dechlorination is usually slower than microbial but ...
Pigott Elizabeth - - 2012
To define the role of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in driving pathogenic B cell responses that lead to arthritis and to determine if inhibitors of the IDO pathway can be used in conjunction with therapeutic B cell depletion to prevent the reemergence of autoantibodies and arthritis following reconstitution of the B ...
Ahasan Mohammad M MM Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Birmingham and Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, - - 2012
Tissue glucocorticoid (GC) levels are regulated by the GC-activating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). This enzyme is expressed in cells and tissues arising from mesenchymal stromal cells. Proinflammatory cytokines dramatically increase expression of 11β-HSD1 in stromal cells, an effect that has been implicated in inflammatory arthritis, osteoporosis, obesity, and ...
Baker Natasha N School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, - - 2012
Wnt-1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 (WISP-3)/CCN6 is mutated in progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia and may have effects on cartilage homeostasis. The aim of this study was to ascertain additional roles for WISP-3/CCN6 by determining its expression in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage and by investigating its effects on cartilage-relevant metalloproteinase expression in immortalized ...
Napadow Vitaly V Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2012
A major impediment to the development of novel treatment strategies for fibromyalgia (FM) is the lack of an objective marker that reflects spontaneously reported clinical pain in patients with FM. Studies of resting-state intrinsic brain connectivity in FM have demonstrated increased insular connectivity to the default mode network (DMN), a ...
Wu Alan H B AH Department of Laboratory Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA. - - 2012
Tamoxifen, a prodrug used for adjuvant breast cancer therapy, requires conversion to the active metabolite endoxifen through CYP 2D6. We aimed to construct an algorithm to predict endoxifen concentrations based on a patient’s CYP 2D6 genotype, demographic factors, and co-medication use. Eighty-eight women enrolled in the UCSF TamGen II study ...
Cremers Bodo B Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Saarland, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. - - 2012
Non stent based delivery of antiproliferative agents using drug coated balloon catheters may offer additional flexibility and efficacy in a broad range of applications. The lipophilic antiproliferative drug zotarolimus makes it a potential candidate for balloon delivery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy ...
Niu Yanyang Y General Surgery Center of PLA, Military General Surgery Center, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Shapingba District, Chongqing, People’s Republic of - - 2012
Studies investigating the association between human 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1(hOGG1) Ser326Cys polymorphism and gastric cancer (GC) risk have reported conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis of published case-control studies to better compare results between studies. 11 eligible studies with 2,180 GC cases and 3,985 controls were selected. There were 5 studies ...
Wang H H Department of Emergency Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, North Shore- LIJ Health System, 350 Community Drive, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA. - - 2012
Infection and injury are two seemingly unrelated processes that often converge on common innate inflammatory responses mediated by pathogen- or damage-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs or DAMPs). If dysregulated, an excessive inflammation manifested by the overproduction and release of proinflammatory mediators (e.g., TNF, IFN-γ, and HMGB1) may adversely lead to many ...
Horberg Michael A MA Mid-Atlantic Permanente Research Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. - - 2012
We seek to determine the optimized multidisciplinary care team (MDCT) composition for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. We analyzed all new regimen starts (n = 10,801; 7071 ART naive, 3730 ART experienced) among HIV-positive patients in Kaiser Permanente California from 1996 to 2006. We measured 12-month adherence to ART (pharmacy refill ...
Huynh K T - - 2012
Debate on how to manage paediatric patients with cutaneous melanoma continues, particularly in those with sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases who are at higher risk of poor outcomes. Management is often based on adult algorithms, although differences in clinical outcomes between paediatric and adult patients suggest that melanoma in paediatric ...
Balogh K K Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University of Szeged, H-6720 Szeged, Hungary. - - 2012
The major locus for melanoma predisposition is the cell cycle regulatory CDKN2A gene on chromosome 9p21. However, the frequency of germline coding mutations of the CDKN2A gene is lower than expected in melanoma-prone families linked to chromosome 9p21. To investigate whether the rare IVS1+37 G/C intronic mutation of the CDKN2A ...
Müller Michael - - 2012
Minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty has been successfully introduced in the past decade. Nevertheless, standard approaches such as the direct lateral approach are still commonly used in orthopaedic surgery due to easy handling, good intra-operative overview and low complication rates. However, a frequent occurrence of fatty atrophy within the anterior ...
Shirasawa Kenta - - 2012
Miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs), some of which are known as active nonautonomous DNA transposons, are found in the genomes of plants and animals. In peanut (Arachis hypogaea), Ah-MITE1 has been identified in a gene for fatty-acid desaturase, and possessed excision activity. However, the AhMITE1 distribution and frequency of excision ...
del Corral Adam - - 2012
Midostaurin (PKC412) is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 receptor (FLT3), c-KIT, and other receptors. Midostaurin is active in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and systemic mastocytosis. Although no substantive risk for cardiac abnormalities has been observed with midostaurin in clinical studies thus far, some TKIs ...
Xiang Meng M Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
The release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from bone marrow (BM) is under tight homeostatic control. Under stress conditions, HPCs migrate from BM and egress into circulation to participate in immune response, wound repair, or tissue regeneration. Hemorrhagic shock with resuscitation (HS/R), resulting from severe trauma and major surgery, promotes ...
Fagard Catherine - - 2012
Among 103 patients with multidrug-resistant HIV who initiated raltegravir, etravirine, and darunavir/ritonavir-containing regimen in the ANRS 139 TRIO trial, 100 participated in extended follow-up and continued study treatment until week 96. Among them, 87 (87%) received an optimized background therapy including either nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or enfuvirtide, they were ...
Hosainzadeh A - - 2012
Here, we report on the effect of aspirin (ASA), on the binding parameters with regard to bilirubin (BR) to human serum albumin (HSA). Two different classes of binding sites were detected. Binding to the first and second classes of the binding sites was dominated by hydrophobic forces in the case ...
Borkar A - - 2012
Inside a living cell there can be a variety of interactions for any given protein, which serve to regulate denaturation and renaturation processes. Insights into some of them can be obtained by in vitro studies using various denaturing agents. In this study, all-atom MD simulations in explicit solvent and NMR ...
Si Y-X - - 2012
Tyrosinase inhibition studies have recently gained the attention of researchers due to their potential application values. We simulated docking (binding energies for AutoDock Vina: -9.1 kcal/mol) and performed a molecular dynamics simulation to verify docking results between tyrosinase and rutin. The docking results suggest that rutin mostly interacts with histidine ...
Fedotoff O - - 2012
Partition behavior of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was studied in aqueous Dextran-Ficoll two-phase system. It was found that the partitioning of PSA changed in the presence of other proteins, in particular, bovine serum albumin, human serum albumin, human transferrin, and human gamma-globulin. The partition coefficient of PSA in mixtures with increasing ...
Priyakumar U D - - 2012
The role of salt bridges in chromatin protein Sso7d, from S. solfataricus has previously been shown to be crucial for its unusual high thermal stability. Experimental studies have shown that single site mutation of Sso7d (F31A) leads to a substantial decrease in the thermal stability of this protein due to ...
Zhang Z - - 2012
Nucleosome is the basic structure of chromatin in eukaryotic cells, and they form the chromatin fiber interconnected by sections of linker DNA. Nucleosome positioning is of great significance for gene transcription regulation. In this paper, we consider the difference of absolute frequency of nucleotides between the nucleosome forming and nucleosome ...
Wu J W - - 2012
The juvenile X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is a retinal disease caused by mutations in the secretory protein, retinoschisin (RS1). Majority of the disease is resulted from single point mutations on the RS1 discoidin domain with cysteine mutations being related to some of the more severe cases of XLRS. Previous studies have ...
Dall'oglio Federica - - 2012
Cutaneous warts are common skin lesions caused by human papillomavirus infection. Treatment is aimed at relieving the patient's physical and psychological discomfort and at preventing the spread of infection by autoinoculation. Among the available medical and destructive therapeutic options for cutaneous warts, none is uniformly effective or virucidal. Moreover, in ...
John S - - 2012
Human pancreatic cholesterol esterase (hCEase) is one of the lipases found to involve in the digestion of large and broad spectrum of substrates including triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesteryl esters, etc. The presence of bile salts is found to be very important for the activation of hCEase. Molecular dynamic simulations were performed ...
Kaushik S - - 2012
Fucosylation of Thr 9 in pars intercerebralis major peptide-C (PMP-C) enhances its structural stability and functional ability as a serine protease inhibitor. In order to understand the role of disulfide bonds and glycosylation on the structure and function of PMP-C, we have carried out multiple explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) ...
Chandramouli B - - 2012
The entry of HIV-1 into a host cell requires the interaction of envelope glycoprotein gp120 with CD4 receptor as well as a co-receptor, which can be either CCR5 or CXCR4. The third variable loop (V3) of HIV-1 gp120 plays an important role in co-receptor selection (CCR5 or CXCR4) and also ...
Maity K - - 2012
The crystal structure of Rv0098, a long-chain fatty acyl-CoA thioesterase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis with bound dodecanoic acid at the active site provided insights into the mode of substrate binding but did not reveal the structural basis of substrate specificities of varying chain length. Molecular dynamics studies demonstrated that certain residues ...
Sgobba M - - 2012
HIV1 integrase is an important target for the antiviral therapy. Guanine-rich quadruplex, such as 93del, have been shown to be potent inhibitors of this enzyme and thus representing a new class of antiviral agents. Although X-ray and NMR structures of HIV1 integrase and 93del have been reported, there is no ...
Beckford S J - - 2012
The interactions of a homologous series of four anthraquinone (AQ) intercalators with increasing lengths of polyethylene glycol (PEG) side chains with DNA have been studied via molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The geometry, conformation, interactions, and hydration of the complexes were examined. The geometries of the four ligands were similar with ...
Xue B - - 2012
The canonical Wnt-pathway plays a number of crucial roles in the development of organism. Malfunctions of this pathway lead to various diseases including cancer. In the inactivated state, this pathway involves five proteins, Axin, CKI-α, GSK-3β, APC, and β-catenin. We analyzed these proteins by a number of computational tools, such ...
Kiyotani Kazuma - - 2012
Genetic factors are thought to be one of the causes of individual variability in the adverse reactions observed in cancer patients who received gemcitabine therapy. However, genetic factors determining the risk of adverse reactions of gemcitabine are not fully understood. To identify a genetic factor(s) determining the risk of gemcitabine-induced ...
Lee Janet S - - 2012
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is associated with alterations in systemic concentrations of IL-8/CXCL8 functional homologs in a murine model. Whether RBC transfusion alters systemic neutrophil chemokine concentrations in individuals sustaining traumatic injury is not known. We conducted a retrospective, single-center study of severely injured trauma patients presenting within 12 ...
Potenza Marc N - - 2012
Although stress and drug cue exposure each increase drug craving and contribute to relapse in cocaine dependence, no previous research has directly examined the neural correlates of stress-induced and drug cue-induced craving in cocaine-dependent women and men relative to comparison subjects. Functional MRI was used to assess responses to individualized ...
Hoth J Jason JJ Department of General Surgery, Section on Molecular Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
Lung injury from pulmonary contusion is a common traumatic injury, predominantly seen after blunt chest trauma, such as in vehicular accidents. The local and systemic inflammatory response to injury includes activation of innate immune receptors, elaboration of a variety of inflammatory mediators, and recruitment of inflammatory cells to the injured ...
Macuga Kristen L KL Department of Psychology, 1227 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5288, USA. - - 2012
A Fitts’ task was used to investigate how tools are incorporated into the internal representations that underlie pointing movements, and whether such knowledge can be generalized across tasks. We measured the speed-accuracy trade-offs that occurred as target width was varied for both real and imagined movements. The dynamics of the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >