Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2589
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Pedersen Michael Lynge - - 2012
Fifty years ago type 2 diabetes mellitus was very rare in Greenland. Recent epidemiological studies have found a high prevalence of diabetes among Greenlanders comparable to levels among Inuit populations in Canada and Alaska. In 2008 a national diabetes programme was implemented aiming to improve the care for patients with ...
Dhir Varun - - 2012
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic inflammatory arthritis that affects about 5-25% of patients with psoriasis. The prevalence varies from 20-420 per 100,000 population across the world except in Japan where it is 1 per 100,000. Psoriatic arthritis affects both genders equally and in more than half it follows long-standing psoriasis. ...
Ahmed Nisar - - 2012
Cyclo-bis-(urea-3,6-dichlorocarbazole) (1) forms a 1 : 2 complex with CH(3)CO(2)(-) and H(2)PO(4)(-) through hydrogen bonding with the two urea moieties, resulting in fluorescence enhancement via a combined photoinduced electron transfer (PET) and energy transfer mechanism. The binding mechanism involves a conformational change of the two urea receptors to a trans orientation after ...
Liu Rongming - - 2012
In Escherichia coli K12, succinate was not the dominant fermentation product from xylose. To reduce by-product formation and increase succinate accumulation, pyruvate formate lyase and lactate dehydrogenase, encoded by pflB and ldhA genes, were inactivated. However, these mutations eliminated cell growth and xylose utilization. During anaerobic growth of bacteria, organic ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2012
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in the young (aged 1-35 years), although presumably rare, is always a tragic and devastating event often occurring in apparently healthy persons. Through the last decades, research have been undertaken to estimate the incidence rate and underlying causes of these deaths. However, because autopsy is not ...
Williams David M - - 2012
Evidence regarding the use of inner speech by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is equivocal. To clarify this issue, the current study employed multiple techniques and tasks used across several previous studies. In Experiment 1, participants with and without ASD showed highly similar patterns and levels of serial recall ...
Tedesco T K - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate in vitro the erosive effects of beverages in the presence or absence of caries simulation (acidogenic challenge) on the microhardness of primary enamel. Forty human primary teeth were submitted to the erosive effects: 3×20-min-long daily immersion in fresh orange juice (orange group), strawberry yogurt drink (yog group), ...
Hindnavis Vindhya - - 2012
Saphenous vein grafts are prone to degeneration and occlusion. Vein graft disease continues to be a significant problem in maintaining long-term benefits after coronary artery bypass surgery. The neointimal hyperplasia and aggressive atherosclerosis that occur in saphenous vein grafts make interventions particularly challenging due to plaque embolization and the no-reflow ...
Nassr Ahmad - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: Retrospective review of 750 consecutive multilevel cervical spine decompression surgeries performed by a single spine surgeon. OBJECTIVE.: To determine the incidence of C5 palsy in a large consecutive series of multilevel cervical spine decompression procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Palsy of the C5 nerve is a well-known potential ...
Batra Anjan S - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a rare but devastating event among young people. The precise scale of the event remains undefined. This uncommon but catastrophic event usually is proved to be the consequence of varied unsuspected congenital or acquired cardiovascular diseases. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies are the two ...
Stassen Joost H M - - 2012
Lettuce downy mildew (Bremia lactucae) is a rapidly adapting oomycete pathogen affecting commercial lettuce cultivation. Oomycetes are known to use a diverse arsenal of secreted proteins (effectors) to manipulate their hosts. Two classes of effector are known to be translocated by the host: the RXLRs and Crinklers. To gain insight ...
Cabral C - - 2012
Essential oils are known to possess antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of bacteria and fungi. In the present work the composition and the antifungal activity of the oils of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina (Suter) Čelak were evaluated. Moreover, the skin cytotoxicity, at concentrations showing significant antifungal activity, was also ...
Kant Sebastian - - 2012
Mice carrying a deletion of the adhesive extracellular domain of the desmosomal cadherin desmoglein 2 develop an arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy-like phenotype with ventricular dilation, fibrosis and arrhythmia. To unravel the sequence of myocardial alterations and to identify potential pathomechanisms, histological analyses were performed on mutant hearts from the juvenile ...
McDonald K E - - 2012
Background  Persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities have had regrettably few opportunities to voice their opinions on aspects of research with which they have had direct experience. Understanding and responding to these views can contribute to policies and practices that increasingly treat people as they desire to be treated. Methods  ...
Velten Josef - - 2012
We demonstrated the replacement of the Pt catalyst normally used in the counter electrode of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) by a nanocomposite of dry spun carbon multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) sheets with graphene flakes (Gr-F). The effectiveness of this counter electrode on the reduction of the triiodide in the iodide/triiodide ...
Vallverdú-Queralt Anna - - 2012
Gazpacho is a ready-to-use vegetable soup containing tomato, cucumber and pepper, olive oil, and other minor constituents such as onion, garlic, wine vinegar, sea salt, and water. In this work, changes in individual phenolic and carotenoid compounds of commercial gazpachos, as well as in their hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidant capacity ...
Yeh Teng-Kuang - - 2012
Although zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) have been applied in nanotechnology, their kinetics and tissue distribution in vivo are unknown. Here we compared the kinetics and tissue distribution of 10 nm (65)ZnONPs, 71 nm (65)ZnONPs and (65)Zn(NO(3))(2) in mice after intravenous injection. The areas under the curves and the half-lives in the second compartment ...
Bornert Olivier - - 2012
Among the small number of expression systems validated for the mass production of eukaryotic membrane proteins (EMPs), the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris stands as one of the most efficient hosts. This system has been used to produce crystallization-grade proteins for a variety of EMPs, from which high-resolution 3D structures have ...
Nong Rachel Yuan - - 2012
Improved protein assays promise to offer new insights into biological processes as well as the identification of new, clinically important biomarkers. In recent years, a number of approaches have been developed where protein-binding reagents, typically antibodies, are equipped with DNA strands to enable protein analyses via powerful nucleic acid detection ...
Casaburi Richard - - 2012
Abstract Lightweight ambulatory oxygen devices are provided on the assumptions that they enhance compliance and increase activity, but data to support these assumptions are lacking. We studied 22 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving long-term oxygen therapy (14 men, average age = 66.9 y, FEV(1) = 33.6%pred, PaO(2) ...
Chandra Santanu - - 2012
The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with a high prevalence of calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). Although abnormal hemodynamics has been proposed as a potential pathogenic contributor, the native BAV hemodynamic stresses remain largely unknown. Fluid-structure interaction models were designed to quantify the regional BAV leaflet wall-shear stress over ...
Chen Hsiu-Ling - - 2012
Chen H-L, Tsang LL-C, Concejero AM, Huang T-L, Chen T-Y, Ou H-Y, Yu C-Y, Chen C-L, Cheng Y-F. Segmental regeneration in right-lobe liver grafts in adult living donor liver transplant. Clin Transplant 2012 DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2011.01587.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Our aim is to evaluate the relationship ...
Stuhldreher Nina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review cost-of-illness studies (COIs) and cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) of eating disorders (EDs) and to describe their methodological quality. METHOD: A systematic literature search was done. Search results passed through a selection process, included studies were classified as COIs, CEAs, or "other cost studies" (OCS). Costs were inflated and ...
Jaff Michael R - - 2012
Now in its 9th year, the Vascular Interventional Advances (VIVA) Symposium has demonstrated comprehensive, objective, cutting-edge continuing education in the field of vascular medicine and intervention. With a faculty representing expertise across all specialties, and using a proprietary system of interactive educations (Laptop Learning), attendees listen to presentations and debates, ...
Delgado-Pinar Estefanía - - 2012
New simple systems formed by a chain containing a squaramide function and a quaternised amine group attached to boehmite or silica-coated boehmite nanoparticles are able to discriminate anions in pure water.
Odéen Magnus - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coping has traditionally been measured with inventories containing many items meant to identify specific coping strategies. An alternative is to develop a shorter inventory that focusses on coping expectancies which may determine the extent to which an individual attempts to cope actively. PURPOSE: This paper explores the usefulness and ...
Graf C E - - 2012
Taking care of elderly patients is difficult in emergency settings. Such patients are at risk of becoming non autonomous or to be rehospitalized. An individualized evaluation makes it possible to decrease this risk but is time consuming, which represents a problem when it is crucial to maintain the flux of ...
Kanai Yasumasa - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease mediated by Th17 and/or Th1 cells. Tim-3 is a cell surface molecule preferentially expressed on Th17 and Th1 cells. The interaction of Tim-3 with Tim-3 ligand inhibits cytokine production. To assess whether T cells in psoriasis have functional abnormalities, expression of cell surface Tim-3 ...
Thomasen Jennifer M - - 2012
We investigated penetration patterns of monomeric and polymeric 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), experimentally and as part of commercial products, in excised full-thickness human skin at 5, 10, 30, or 60 min after exposure. We observed that both monomeric and polymeric HDI were readily absorbed into the skin and that the clearcoat ...
Alcalá-Franco Beatriz - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Hypermutable strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently emerge during chronic airways infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. While the increased accumulation of mutations by hypermutable strains determines a biological cost for the colonization of secondary environments, the mutator phenotypes might confer a selective advantage under antibiotic treatment in a CF ...
Cui Kai - - 2012
We report on the achievement of, for the first time, InN/InGaN core/shell nanowire heterostructures, which are grown directly on Si(111) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The crystalline quality of the heterostructures is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, and the elemental mapping through energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry further reveals the ...
Serajian Asif - - 2012
We report a case of GuideLiner catheter use during transradial intervention for selective coronary angiography of the distal left anterior descending artery (LAD), beyond the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) anastomosis. The lesion within the LAD was located distal to the anastomosis of a very tortuous LIMA, otherwise unable to ...
Jaworska-Wilczynska Maria - - 2012
A 58-year-old man had undergone 2-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), 1 month before he was admitted into the hospital with cardiac tamponade due to pericarditis. Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) was diagnosed. In spite of receiving anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient developed relapsing PCIS.
Laplante Kerry L - - 2012
Biofilm producing bacteria such as Staphylococcus species and Escherichia coli are the most common cause of catheter related urinary tract infections (UTIs). The American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is utilized widely as a prophylaxis for UTIs due to its prevention of microbial adhesion. Cranberry contains proanthocyanidins (PACs), which have been implicated ...
Fang Xiangpeng - - 2012
Ordered mesoporous tungsten-doped MoO(2) was synthesized by a nanocasting method. The Li storage performance of mesoporous MoO(2) is significantly improved by tungsten doping, which exhibits a reversible capacity of 700 mA h g(-1), better cycling and rate performance. This material combines the advantages of the high theoretical capacity of MoO(2) ...
Long Song-Hua - - 2012
Bast fibre crops are the second most important natural fibre crops following cotton. Of these, flax (Linum ustitatissimum L.) is the most widely planted in the world, with its fibre used for high quality linen textile. A cDNA library of flax bark tissues was constructed with the purpose of identifying ...
Díez-Municio Marina - - 2012
The production of new bioactive oligosaccharides is currently garnering much attention for their potential use as functional ingredients. This work addresses the enzymatic synthesis and NMR structural characterization of 2-α-D-glucopyranosyl-lactose derived from sucrose:lactose and sucrose:cheese whey permeates mixtures by using a Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-512F dextransucrase. The effect of synthetic conditions, ...
Fan Jianling - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study evaluates manure and chemical fertilizer effects on micronutrient (Fe, Mn, Cu, and Zn) content and availability in crops. METHODS: Seven treatments were selected, including three conventional fertilization treatments (NP, horse manure (M), and NP plus M (NPM)), three corresponding double rate fertilization (N2P2, M2, and N2P2M2), and ...
Golubchik Pavel - - 2012
Indications and criteria for psychiatric hospitalization (PH) continue to be questioned and assessed. We investigated the major clinical criteria affecting child psychiatrists' decision to recommend hospitalization. Records of 80 children (aged 7-13 years) treated at the Geha Mental Health Center's (GMHC's) outpatient clinic were reviewed. The patients' files were divided into ...
Wang Ye - - 2012
Manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves (OMS-2) could act as an efficient, reusable heterogeneous catalyst for transformation of various primary amines to the corresponding primary amides through the sequence of oxidative dehydrogenation and successive hydration.
Beitchman Joseph H - - 2012
Given the known behavior effects of oxytocin, and in particular its putative effect on trust, affiliation and anxiety, we hypothesized that oxytocin may be involved in the development and expression of callous-unemotional traits in children with aggressive antisocial behavior. We recruited 162 children between the ages of 6 and 16. ...
Ovesen Therese - - 2012
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to measure the medical technical quality of outpatient tonsillectomy in Danish ear, nose & throat practices by indicators, standards and prognostic factors. According to standardised and validated specific questionnaires, quality of surgery was measured in terms of postoperative bleeding, pain, gastrointestinal problems ...
Neil Chistopher J - - 2012
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a form of reversible acute cardiac dysfunction of uncertain pathogenesis, which occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, often with antecedent severe stress. Systolic dysfunction most commonly affects the apex of the left ventricle. There is considerable uncertainty regarding the pathogenesis of TTC and the optimal diagnostic methodology. ...
Madan Nitin - - 2012
Patients with Fontan baffles for single ventricle may have cyanosis from right-to-left shunt through leaks in the baffle or due to intentionally created fenestrations. Typically this right-to-left shunt may be addressed with catheter-based occlusion devices. However, in narrowing of the Fontan baffle, placement of occluders within the Fontan baffle may ...
Dhand Rajiv - - 2012
Abstract Current guidelines recommend inhalation therapy as the preferred route of drug administration for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Previous systematic reviews in COPD patients found similar clinical outcomes for drugs delivered by handheld inhalers - pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs), dry powder inhalers (DPIs) - and nebulizers, provided the ...
Naka Teiji - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the results of treatment in a series of 233 gastric cancer patients who underwent a noncurative resection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with noncurative treatment for advanced gastric cancer who were divided into three treatment groups: total gastrectomy (TG, n = 150), distal ...
Beeler Benjamin - - 2012
The properties of the body-centered cubic γ phase of uranium (U) are calculated using atomistic simulations. First, a modified embedded-atom method interatomic potential is developed for the high temperature body-centered cubic (γ) phase of U. This phase is stable only at high temperatures and is thus relatively inaccessible to first ...
Wicklein Haley F - - 2012
Foliar nitrogen has been shown to be positively correlated with midsummer canopy albedo and canopy near infrared (NIR) reflectance over a broad range of plant functional types (e.g., forests, grasslands, and agricultural lands). To date, the mechanism(s) driving the nitrogen-albedo relationship have not been established, and it is unknown whether ...
Rishiraj Neetu - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the landing strategies used by non-injured athletes while wearing functional knee braces (FKB, BR condition) during a drop jump task compared with non-injured, non-braced (NBR condition) subjects and also to ascertain whether accommodation to a FKB was possible by non-injured BR ...
Jin Hong - - 2012
Myrislignan is a new kind of lignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt. Its antiinflammatory effects have not yet been reported. In the present study, the antiinflammatory effects and the underlying mechanisms of myrislignan in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells were investigated. Myrislignan significantly inhibited LPS-induced production ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >