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Kowalczyk Stefan W - - 2012
Our original solution has the advantage of being exact for a certain geography. However, as pointed out by Willmott and Smith (2012 Nanotechnology 23 088001) phenomenological approximations are sometimes more convenient.
Fujii Kazuyasu - - 2012
Eccrine poroma frequently occurs as a solitary tumour, and only a few reports have described the occurrence of multiple lesions. Multiple eccrine poromas, or eccrine poromatosis, may occur in patients who have undergone radiotherapy and/or polychemotherapy. We report here four cases of multiple eccrine poromas in patients who were either ...
Shukla Ram Mohan - - 2012
Eventration of diaphragm is defined as an abnormal and permanent elevation of the hemidiaphragm without defects. It may be congenital (muscular hypoplasia) or acquired (injury of the phrenic nerve). Diaphragmatic eventration has been reported alone or in association with other malformations. Here the authors are presenting a case of eventration ...
Wu Kewei - - 2012
Nanostructured ZnO is considered to be a promising building block in the design of nanoscale optoelectronic devices. It usually shows dominant donor-bound exciton (DX) emission at low temperatures. In this study, ZnO nanorods with high crystallinity and optical quality were grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on a-plane sapphire (112[combining ...
Zhang Jie - - 2012
The N-acetyltransferase 2 gene (NAT2) has been implicated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, the authors performed a meta-analysis to clarify the association between NAT2 polymorphism and HCC risk. Published literatures from PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, and Wan Fang Data were ...
Marie Pierre J - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are important molecules that control bone formation. FGF act by activating FGF receptors (FGFRs) and downstream signaling pathways that control cells of the osteoblast lineage. Recent advances have been made in the identification of FGF/FGFR signaling pathways that control osteogenesis. Indeed, studies of mouse and human ...
Blix Arnoldus Schytte - - 2012
A total of four barren adult female muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) were used over a period of 2 years for the purpose of the present study. During the first year, the natural changes in appetite (ad libitum intake of standard pelleted reindeer feed) and body mass were determined in two of ...
Alhede Christina - - 2012
The aim was to illustrate current use of temporary pacing (TP) in Denmark by replicating a questionnaire study from 1986 and to compare the results of the two studies. The questionnaire was sent to Danish hospitals treating patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). To illustrate potential changes in the indications ...
Stack Dale M - - 2012
The present research examined how family psychosocial risk may be associated with emotional availability (EA) across age and time in two longitudinal, intergenerational studies with high-risk, disadvantaged mother-child dyads. Study 1 examined dyads during preschool and middle childhood. Study 2 examined a different sample of dyads, tested intensively at five ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
This paper describes a high-rate tunable nanomachining-based nanolithography technique using an atomic force microscope (AFM). Controlled vibration between the cantilever tip and the sample is introduced to increase the lithographical speed and controllability of the nanomachining process. In this approach, an ultrasonic z vibration of the sample and the resulting ultrasonic ...
Pape Dietrich - - 2012
PURPOSE: Biplanar open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is thought to promote rapid bone healing due to the increased cancellous bone surface compared to other HTO techniques. However, precise data on the bone surface area and wedge volume resulting from both open- and closed-wedge HTO techniques remain unknown. We hypothesized that ...
Pérez-Mayoral Elena - - 2012
Friedländer condensation between 2-aminoaryl ketones and different carbonyl compounds, catalyzed by CuBTC was investigated by a combination of various experimental techniques and by density functional theory based modelling. CuBTC exhibiting hard Lewis acid character showed highly improved catalytic activity when compared with other molecular sieves showing high concentraion of Lewis ...
Li Shihua - - 2012
Evaluation of: Keryer G, Pineda JR, Liot G et al. Ciliogenesis is regulated by a huntingtin-HAP1-PCM1 pathway and is altered in Huntington disease. J. Clin. Invest. 121(11), 4372-4382 (2011). Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by expansion of a polyglutamine repeat in the N-terminal region of huntingtin (htt), a large protein ...
Tang Lin - - 2012
We have studied the orientational ordering of the second layer of C(60) molecules on Au(111) using scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) at 77 K. The orientation of individual molecules within the second layer follows a regular pattern, giving rise to a 2 × 2 superlattice. The long-range order of the 2 ...
Tesse Riccardina - - 2012
We describe the case of a 44-year-old female cystic fibrosis (CF) patient (R334W/852del22) who presented symptoms of prolonged acute respiratory infections and recurrent episodes of pneumonia. Computed tomography (CT) scan images of the chest showed that the patient presented airway and parenchymal changes throughout both lungs. She also had decreased ...
Wright G W J - - 2012
Background  Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) associated with the myenteric plexus of the small intestine express maxi chloride channels. Our aim was to investigate whether or not these channels would be activated by increases in intracellular Ca(2+) , as that would strengthen evidence for their potential role in ICC pacemaking. ...
Lassance Luciana - - 2012
Binding of endothelial cell (EC) integrins to extracellular-matrix (ECM) components is one of the key events to trigger intracellular signaling that will ultimately result in proper vascular development. Even within one tissue, the endothelial phenotype differs between arteries and veins. Here, we tested the hypothesis that anchorage-dependent processes, such as ...
Valastyan Scott - - 2012
Despite the fact that metastases are responsible for the overwhelming majority of human cancer deaths, our comprehension of the molecular events that drive metastatic progression remains woefully incomplete. Excitingly, the recent appreciation that various species of non-coding RNAs-including microRNAs-play pivotal roles in dictating the malignant behaviors of breast carcinoma cells ...
Kutschera Ulrich - - 2012
In roots, the "hidden half" of all land plants, gravity is an important signal that determines the direction of growth in the soil. Hence, positive gravitropism has been studied in detail. However, since the 19th century, the response of roots toward unilateral light has also been analyzed. Based on studies ...
Biringen Zeynep - - 2012
The construct of emotional availability (EA) refers to the capacity of a dyad to share an emotional connection and to enjoy a mutually fulfilling and healthy relationship. The EA Scales were designed to assess multiple components of a relationship from the perspective of both partners. The four caregiver components include ...
Alba Ana Carolina - - 2012
For the last two decades, endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been proposed as a novel prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target in patients with cardiovascular diseases. EPCs are involved in the process of adult vasculogenesis and repair of dysfunctional endothelium. Endothelial dysfunction has been documented in the peripheral and coronary ...
Azadi Nazanin - - 2012
The management of cardiac arrest during coronary angiography and intervention presents substantial challenges. Patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or following resuscitation from cardiac arrest are at greatest risk and may represent a significant portion of patients in some centers. Timely and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), with manual chest ...
de Weerd Louis - - 2012
We introduce a new method for closure of a recalcitrant high-output jejunal enterocutaneous fistula. First, a transposed rectus abdominis muscle is sutured into the fistula opening using a parachuting technique, then the muscle is covered with a skin graft and temporarily immobilized to the fistula wall and abdominal wall with ...
Lan Cheng-Che E - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of methotrexate and retinoid on risks for developing cerebrovascular disease among psoriatic patients. A population-based nested case-control study was conducted using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance database. Cox proportional hazards models were adopted. The ...
Orfila Caroline - - 2012
A mung bean (Vigna radiata) pectin acetyl esterase (CAA67728) was heterologously expressed in tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum) under the control of the granule-bound starch synthase promoter or the patatin promoter in order to probe the significance of O-acetylation on cell wall and tissue properties. The recombinant tubers showed no ...
Gravgaard Karina H - - 2012
Metastases are the major cause of cancer-related deaths, but the mechanisms of the metastatic process remain poorly understood. In recent years, the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer has become apparent, and the objective of this study was to identify miRNAs associated with breast cancer progression. Global miRNA expression profiling ...
Oppenheim David - - 2012
The commentary opens by highlighting the contribution of the Emotional Availability Scales (EAS) in providing developmental researchers with a clinically sensitive and reliable assessment of the emotional quality of caregiver-child interactions that takes into consideration their coregulated nature. The numerous studies that have used the EAS attest to their usefulness ...
Wiescher Philipp T - - 2012
Species should only persist in local communities if they have functional traits that are compatible with habitat-specific environmental conditions. Consequently, pronounced regional environmental gradients should produce environmental filtering, or a trait-based spatial segregation of species. It is critical to quantify the links between species' functional traits and their environment in ...
Zingg Patrick O - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome and prosthetic survival of primary total knee arthroplasty in haemophilic patients. It was hypothesized that the infection and revision rate are higher and the outcome inferior when compared with patients without haemophilia. METHODS: Between 1985 and 2004, forty-three ...
Geske Jeffrey B - - 2012
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common, multidisciplinary disease with substantial associated morbidity, mortality and healthcare expense. In this article we present a succinct review of diagnostic tools, risk stratification and medical therapies for cardiovascular care of patients with acute PE. While pulmonary angiography remains the 'gold standard' for diagnosis, ...
Pidlaoan Victorio - - 2012
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel intravascular imaging modality with excellent resolution. We report the application of OCT in 3 coronary bifurcation interventions, in which OCT allowed optimization of the final procedural result, by detecting a dissection, intracoronary thrombus and by confirming complete ostial coverage by a stent.
Mohanan Saritha - - 2012
Background: Intense pulse light (IPL) with square pulse technology is one of the latest hair removal technologies to be marketed in India. However, there is no literature on use of IPL in Indian skin. Objective: A preliminary descriptive study to ascertain the efficacy of an IPL device with square pulse ...
Sawada Toshiki - - 2012
We obtained novel peptides that selectively bind to self-assembling peptide nanomaterials from a random peptide library displayed on phages. Affinity-dependent peptide screening gave phage clones displaying peptides with selective affinities against two kinds of highly networked nanofibers constructed of β-sheet peptides. Both peptide nanofibers have similar primary structures. Binding analyses ...
Goulet Eric D B - - 2012
Accurate sodium replacement during prolonged exercise is possible when sweat rate and sweat sodium content are directly measured. Few athletes have access to sweat sodium content measurement, as the equipment needed to perform such analyzes is costly, laboratory-based or requires technical skills. Using 70 sweat samples collected in 24 athletes ...
Belloc Carlos G - - 2012
Previous works from our laboratory demonstrated that the monoclonal antibody (MAb) called R7B4 is directed to an epitope shared by various receptors corresponding to the type I cytokine receptor family, containing the common motif WSXWS or the homologous F(Y)GEFS. Later a consensus peptide significantly recognized by the MAb was identified ...
Keglevich György - - 2012
It is well-known that phosphinic acids do not undergo direct esterifications with alcohols under thermal conditions. However, the esterifications take place under microwave (MW) irradiation due to the beneficial effect of MW. As a comparison, maximum 12-15% conversions were observed on traditional heating. It was proved experimentally that the MW-assisted ...
Takahashi Kenji - - 2012
When cardiac tissue is exposed to hypoxia, myocytes are damaged, while fibroblasts are activated. However, it is unknown what changes are induced by hypoxia in cardiac fibroblasts. In this study, using the whole cell patch-clamp technique, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on membrane currents in fibroblasts primarily cultured from ...
Peng Hailong - - 2012
A novel colorimetric sensor for rapid and label-free detection of vanillin was developed based on the combination of photonic crystal and molecular imprinting technique. The sensing platform of molecularly imprinted photonic hydrogel (MIPH) was prepared by non-covalent and self-assembly approach using vanillin as a template molecule. Morphology characterization by scanning ...
Song Fangfang - - 2012
We report a giant Seebeck coefficient (S) thermoelectric (TE) material-MnO(2) powder-and the design of a practical MnO(2) TE generator to light up a regular light emitting diode (LED). The S of MnO(2) powder was measured to be higher than 20 000 μV K(-1), which is about 100 times higher than the state-of-the-art of ...
Meegaard Peter M - - 2012
Excessive anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is a serious condition with a substantial risk of an adverse outcome. We thus found it of interest to review a large case series to characterize the underlying causes of excessive anticoagulation. Patients were identified both retrospectively and prospectively. The inclusion criteria were an ...
To Andrew Cy - - 2012
One of the diagnostic challenges in cardiology is the assessment of patients with suspected cardiomyopathies. The traditional approach involves clinical history and examination, followed by echocardiography and invasive angiography. Advances in cardiac MRI enable cardiologists to comprehensively assess both ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies, providing information regarding cardiac anatomy, myocardial and ...
Otsuka Yoritaka - - 2012
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of chronic total occlusion (CTO) is one of the most technically challenging areas of interventional cardiology. When CTO is combined with angulation and tortuosity of the coronary artery, the technical complexity of PCI for CTO is magnified. In this report, we describe a ...
Cooke Catherine E - - 2012
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third-leading cause of death in the United States. Despite clinical practice guidelines endorsed by national organizations, the management of COPD deviates from guideline recommendations. Patients with COPD are frequently underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed, due in large part to the lack of spirometry testing. ...
Darzi J - - 2012
Background:There is evidence linking oral propionate to a reduction in food intake, which could confer functional food properties in the fight against obesity. However, propionate is typically volatile with a pungent smell and taste and so incorporating into foods naturally, at levels acceptable to the consumer is a novel approach.Subjects/methods:Twenty ...
Ando Minoru - - 2012
As human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients now live longer while receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), chronic kidney disease (CKD) has emerged as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among urban HIV population. Risk factors associated with CKD in such HIV-infected population include aging, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, co-infection with ...
Cuturic Miroslav - - 2012
Along with antioxidant properties, carnitine is an important regulator of lipid metabolism in humans. While beneficial effects of carnitine have been demonstrated in animal models of Huntington's disease (HD), metabolism of carnitine has not been studied in humans with this illness. In this retrospective database review from 23 patients admitted ...
Kubo Masayuki - - 2012
Background: Hypoxic preconditioning of bone marrow cells (BMCs) from young healthy individuals can enhance the cells' therapeutic potential. Considering that the response to hypoxia may differ according to the quality of the cells, we assessed the effect of hypoxic preconditioning on BMCs from aged mice and compared the difference in ...
Madani Tariq A - - 2012
RT-PCR to detect Alkhumra virus (ALKV) RNA in plasma or serum has been the standard practice to confirm this infection in the first seven days of illness. In this study, RT-PCR detection of viral RNA from the plasma, serum, and buffy coat (BC) was compared to virus isolation. Plasma, serum, ...
Brown Jeffrey A - - 2012
Abstract SOD1, ANG, TARDBP and FUS mutations have been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Our goal was to extend molecular genetic analysis to newly identified ALS genetic loci and to determine the frequency of mutations, distribution of disease genes, and variant spectrum of these genes in a large United ...
Pedersen Michael Lynge - - 2012
Fifty years ago type 2 diabetes mellitus was very rare in Greenland. Recent epidemiological studies have found a high prevalence of diabetes among Greenlanders comparable to levels among Inuit populations in Canada and Alaska. In 2008 a national diabetes programme was implemented aiming to improve the care for patients with ...
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