Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 4033
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Alekseeva Nadejda - - 2012
In the emergency department, neurologists regularly evaluate patients exhibiting behavioral abnormalities that stem from underlying neurologic diseases. This behavior may be the initial presence of a neurologic illness or may indicate the deterioration and progress of the disease process. In addition, many neurologic patients present with acute and potentially dangerous ...
Greydanus Donald E - - 2012
Concepts of autism have evolved over the twentieth century after Bleuler coined the term to refer to symptoms of self-absorption in those with schizophrenia. Autism nosology changed to the current sesquipedalian constellation of autism spectrum disorders with a confusing archipelago of 5 conditions that often serve as islands of confusion ...
Hirsch Elliot M - - 2012
Although the effects of postoperative radiation on tissue expander breast reconstruction are well documented, few data exist regarding the effects of prereconstruction radiation. This study evaluates the outcomes of tissue expander breast reconstruction in women with prereconstruction radiation. This study retrospectively evaluated two treatments: (1) mastectomy without reconstruction followed by ...
Knutsen Alan P - - 2012
Asthma is a common disorder that in 2009 afflicted 8.2% of adults and children, 24.6 million persons, in the United States. In patients with moderate and severe persistent asthma, there is significantly increased morbidity, use of health care support, and health care costs. Epidemiologic studies in the United States and ...
Farmer Joel D - - 2012
To determine the perioperative considerations for low-risk and high-risk surgery in patients with Gitelman syndrome. Retrospective chart review. University-affiliated medical center. 42 patients with Gitelman syndrome. Of the 42 patients with Gitelman syndrome, 5 underwent procedures requiring anesthesia: mastectomy, spinal fusion, thyroidectomy, tonsillectomy, and bronchoscopy. The anesthesia record and all ...
Higashiguchi Masayoshi - - 2012
The current standard first-line chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is pemetrexed and cisplatin. However, other regimens, with or without a platinum agent, are reported to be effective in the treatment of MPM. Patients who were diagnosed with MPM and treated with chemotherapy between January 1999 and June 2010 at ...
Khan Husain Ali - - 2012
Many cosmetic surgeons consider rhinoplasty to be the most complex surgical and artistically challenging of all aesthetic surgery today. It is the most common facial procedure performed for women and the second most common for men. The art and science of cosmetic rhinoplasty begins with the initial examination. The surgeon ...
Leblanc Linda A - - 2012
Early intensive behavioral intervention is the only well-established treatment for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Less intensive behavioral interventions are also effective for targeted concerns with older children and adolescents. This article describes the core features of behavioral treatments, summarizes the evidence base for effectiveness, and provides recommendations to ...
Zheng Yonghua - - 2012
Multiple cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of lung diseases, even though the exact mechanisms are still not clear. Telocytes are characterized by telopodes, which are thin and long prolongations, and a small amount of cytoplasm rich with mitochondria, as shown by immune-positive staining against CD34, c-kit and vimentin. ...
Mottet E - - 2012
The objective of this retrospective study is to determine normal reference values for 2-Dimension (2D) and Motion-mode (M-mode) echocardiographic parameters in nonsedated healthy young adult Sphynx cats and to compare them to those of the domestic shorthair (DSH). 131 Sphynx cats underwent cardiac screening prior to breeding. The control group ...
Trovik Tordis Agnete - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine reasons for orthodontic-surgical treatment, to quantify the perceptions of possible improvement 10 to 14 years after treatment, and to assess factors that affect treatment satisfaction and socio-dental impacts on quality of life. The participation rate was 36 of 78 patients; their mean ...
Boyce Joshua A - - 2012
2011 was marked by rapid progress in the identification of basic mechanisms of allergic disease and the translation of these mechanisms into human cell systems. Studies published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology this year provided new insights into the molecular determinants of allergenicity, as well as the ...
Azevedo Valderílio Feijó - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a proinflammatory cytokine, and its excess can lead to severe consequences. Those effects are known to be antagonized by TNF-alpha inhibitors. Etanercept is a fusion protein that inhibits TNF-alpha action. As TNF-alpha regulation is related to cellular differentiation of various cellular types involved in immune ...
Tsai I-Ming - - 2012
A 19-year-old woman with skeletal Class III malocclusion, paranasal depression, and a low mandibular plane angle was treated with orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. Dental decompensation and protraction of maxillary right third molar to replace maxillary right second molar were performed before surgery. Clockwise rotation of maxillo-mandibular complex was applied by ...
Bohluli Behnam - - 2012
The nasal base is an important aspect of the nose with a complex anatomic architecture comprising a combination of cartilages, skin, connective tissues, and ligaments. Recent studies show that all nasal base deformities cannot be corrected by simple excision and suturing techniques. Alar release and medialization would be effective in ...
Khechoyan David - - 2012
There is controversy regarding whether the frontal bossing associated with sagittal synostosis requires direct surgical correction or spontaneously remodels after isolated posterior cranial expansion. The authors retrospectively measured changes in frontal bone morphology in patients with isolated sagittal synostosis 2 years after open posterior and midvault cranial expansion and compared ...
Spitale Naomi - - 2012
The ability to assess the inflammatory status of a patient's airway using a noninvasive method is the ideal situation for clinicians. Owing in part to the relationship between the levels of exhaled nitric oxide to inflammation and the ease of the technique, the measurement of the fraction of exhaled nitric ...
Kim Haeryoung - - 2012
Background/Aim: We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of biomarkers [Ki-67, adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette sub-family B member 1 (ABCB1), adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette sub-family C member 1 (ABCC1), adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette sub-family C member 2 (ABCC2), p53, cyclin E and v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 2 (AKT2)] in patients with ...
Silver Wendy G - - 2012
Autism (autism spectrum disorders) is a complex, strongly genetically influenced, behaviorally defined disorder of the immature brain associated with very uneven intellectual abilities. Among its most salient and potentially treatable neurologic features that this article focuses on are epilepsy, disorganized sleep patterns, and sensory and motor deficits. Its many causes ...
Zaragoza-Macias Elisa - - 2012
The evaluation of cardiac masses is often a challenge for cardiac imaging techniques. The traditional standby has been two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). Real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) offers incremental value for the evaluation of intracardiac masses by providing more accurate assessment of the size and shape of the mass as well ...
Fragoso Thiago Sotero - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The immunoregulatory role of vitamin D has been the object of a growing number of studies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). OBJECTIVES: To determine the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH) D] in patients with SLE, and to assess the association of 25(OH)D insufficiency/deficiency with clinical parameters ...
Sun Zhuoyu - - 2012
Aim: The impact of micronutrient intake and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations of selected micronutrients with risk of incident CRC in study participants from Newfoundland, Labrador (NL) and Ontario (ON), Canada. We conducted a population-based study among 1760 ...
Chugani Diane C - - 2012
Positron emission tomography, single-photon emission tomography, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) are powerful tools for the monitoring of diverse neurochemical functions. Neuroimaging studies targeting neurotransmitter systems in autism have provided clues about how differences in development of these systems might lead to new intervention approaches. Direct measurement of diverse neurochemicals ...
Yu Da-Zhi - - 2012
: The arrangement and relationship of intramuscular nerves and blood vessels are critical to clinical physicians, but the majority of previous studies could not reflect them precisely. : In method 1, after rabbits were perfused with barium sulfate liquid silica gel, the specimen muscle was isolated and subjected to Sihler ...
Farzanegan Fahimeh - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ibuprofen, viscoelastic bite wafers, and chewing gum in reducing orthodontic pain. This randomized clinical trial included 50 girls between the ages of 13 and 18 years classified into 5 groups of 10 each: placebo, ibuprofen (400 mg), chewing gum, ...
Beothe Tamas - - 2012
Mutation of the p53 gene has been implicated in the development of carcinoma in situ (CIS) to invasive solid urothelial carcinomas (UC) whereas loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 9 has been suggested to plag part in the development of papillary UCs. The p53 mutation and LOH at chromosomes 17p13.1 ...
Koehler James - - 2012
As rhinoplasty techniques continue to evolve toward structural support and away from purely reductive techniques, the need for sophisticated grafting options will escalate to augment or replace critical support mechanisms of the nose. This will result in improved esthetic outcomes and functional results. We have found that well-planned and executed ...
Cano Stefan J - - 2012
The BREAST-Q is a new patient-reported outcome instrument for cosmetic and reconstructive breast surgery. For it to be used appropriately in clinical research, it is important that its validity is demonstrated. The aim of this study was to test this property. The authors evaluated the BREAST-Q subscales by using Rasch ...
Mulliken John B - - 2012
Repair of unilateral cleft lip requires three-dimensional craftsmanship and understanding four-dimensional changes. Ninety-nine children with unilateral complete or incomplete cleft lip were measured by direct anthropometry following rotation-advancement repair (intraoperatively) and again in childhood. Changes in heminasal width, labial height, and labial width were analyzed and compared measures depending on ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2012
The objective of the study is to evaluate temporal trends, gender effects and methods of completed suicide amongst children and adolescent (aged 10-17) when compared with temporal trends of deaths from other causes. Data were extracted from the Italian Mortality Database, which is collected by the Italian National Census Bureau ...
Shimura Takaya - - 2012
Background/Aim: C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with the development of many carcinomas, but the significance of CRP remains unclear for metastatic gastric cancer (MGC). Sixty one patients who received S-1 plus cisplatin for MGC were retrospectively identified and categorized into two groups depending on the serum CRP level before ...
Nishimura Goshi - - 2012
Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is used to treat advanced head and neck cancer. The accuracy of evaluating lymph nodes metastases following CCRT is important for subsequent therapy. Patients were divided into two groups, the complete response (CR) and the non-CR groups, as determined by imaging and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) performed ...
Harrington Charles R - - 2012
Neurofibrillary pathology in Alzheimer's disease consists of paired helical filaments comprising tau protein. This pathology is correlated with dementia, but can appear in the first two decades of life. Extracellular amyloid β-protein arises through proteolytic processing of a transmembrane precursor, which involves the action of several enzymes. Mutations in the ...
Soares Neelkamal S - - 2012
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), also called pervasive developmental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition, Text Revised), constitute a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that coalesce around a common theme of impairments in social functioning, communication abilities, and repetitive or rigid behaviors. The ASDs considered here ...
Shirali Girish S - - 2012
Complex intracardiac anatomy and spatial relationships are inherent to congenital heart defects (CHDs). Recognition of the limitations of two-dimensional echocardiography has stimulated clinical interest in three-dimensional imaging. The current review examines contemporary studies in the following areas where three-dimensional echocardiography has provided additive value in CHD: (1) visualization of morphology, ...
Ko Jason H - - 2012
: 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, also known as statins, are the most commonly prescribed cholesterol-lowering medications in the world. Statins have been shown to inhibit connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) gene and protein expression in vitro, and previous studies in the authors' laboratory have demonstrated that CTGF plays a significant ...
Singh Meenu - - 2012
Reply to: Peters JL, Moreno SG, Phillips B, Sutton AJ. Are we sure about the evidence for zinc in prophylaxis of the common cold? Expert Rev. Respir. Med. 6(1), 15-16 (2012).
Cehreli Seçil - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the primary stability and the histomorphometric measurements of self-drilling and self-tapping orthodontic microimplants and the correlations between factors related to host, implant, and measuring technique. Seventy-two self-drilling and self-tapping implants were placed into bovine iliac crest blocks after computed tomography assessments. Insertion torque ...
Takagi Shunsuke - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) elevation during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Descriptive epidemiological study. Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. All patients who received ECT at the Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital from May 2005 to March 2009. All patients received routine ECT treatment. ...
Syrjänen K - - 2012
Since first suggested in 1979, evidence on the involvement of human papillomavirus (HPV) in bronchial carcinogenesis has been accumulated through several lines of research. The causal role of HPV in lung cancer still remains controversial, however, and more data are needed particularly on genotype distribution and cofactors of HPV regarding ...
Capstick Toby Gd - - 2012
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are both common conditions with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Inhaled therapy for these conditions has a number of advantages over systemic therapy, including reduced side effects and quicker onset of action. The effective use of inhaled therapy is critically dependent upon the nature of ...
Sarazin Marie - - 2012
In contrast with the previous criteria published in 1984 by the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association, the new criteria proposed in 2007 incorporated in the diagnostic framework the use of biomarkers that are able to assess the underlying ...
Lee Jeffrey H - - 2012
: Fat grafting bench research is difficult because many traditional endpoints cannot be used reliably with adipocytes. Manual cell counting with trypan blue is a common method of measuring cell viability. There are, however, multiple known limitations, including human error, inability to analyze cell size, overestimation of adipocyte viability, and ...
Kutilek Stepan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a paroxysmal and recurrent acral ischemia resulting from an abnormal arterial vasospastic response to cold or emotional stress. Homocysteine, a sulphured amino acid, has been linked to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, thrombosis, and bone fragility. Homocysteine has been also linked to the pathogenesis of ...
Edel Elizabeth Morell - - 2012
Validating existing count practices and reducing individual practice variance are necessary to decrease the risk for retained surgical items. A quality improvement project was undertaken at one large city hospital to identify best practice and eliminate variability in count practices. The project included an analysis of 20 surgical count policies ...
Kaplan Gabriel - - 2012
At present, no evidence-based effective pharmacologic options are available for treating the core deficits of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), which are best addressed by behavioral and educational interventions. However, such evidence exists for several of the frequently associated/comorbid symptoms such as aggression and severe irritability, hyperactivity, and repetitive behaviors, which ...
Chae Jong-Moon - - 2012
This case report describes the treatment of a boy, aged 13.6 years, whose ankylosed maxillary left central incisor had been avulsed and replanted 2.5 years earlier. Ankylosis of the tooth and adjacent alveolar process led to the development of infraocclusion, migration of adjacent teeth, midline deviation, and a vertical alveolar ...
Arcaro Giovanna - - 2012
The development of acute respiratory failure (ARF) secondary to respiratory tract infection is a common event in patients affected with osteogenesis imperfecta type III. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is increasingly administered to treat severe ARF of various origin. The use of NPPV in two patients with severe ARF secondary ...
Azevedo Mario Newton Leitão de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the leukotriene receptor inhibitor (montelukast) on vascular alterations in fingers of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon. METHODS: Patients with Raynaud's phenomenon of the hands secondary to inflammatory connective tissue disease were selected, and those with the following characteristics were excluded: smokers, arterial hypertension, and diabetes ...
Nam Shin-Eun - - 2012
The purposes of this study were (1) to discover a simple method for computing an average dental form, (2) to evaluate the validity of the new computing method, and (3) to build an average digital dental model based on the resulting average dental form. Dental casts of 51 adults were ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >