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Results 201 - 250 of 4033
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Alekseeva Nadejda - - 2012
In the emergency department, neurologists regularly evaluate patients exhibiting behavioral abnormalities that stem from underlying neurologic diseases. This behavior may be the initial presence of a neurologic illness or may indicate the deterioration and progress of the disease process. In addition, many neurologic patients present with acute and potentially dangerous ...
Greydanus Donald E - - 2012
Concepts of autism have evolved over the twentieth century after Bleuler coined the term to refer to symptoms of self-absorption in those with schizophrenia. Autism nosology changed to the current sesquipedalian constellation of autism spectrum disorders with a confusing archipelago of 5 conditions that often serve as islands of confusion ...
Thiele Todd E TE Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3270, USA. - - 2012
The goals of this commentary are to discuss the important contributions of the work by Kaur and colleagues titled "Corticotropin-releasing factor acting on corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 1 is critical for binge alcohol drinking in mice," published in this issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, and to highlight the ...
Hirsch Elliot M EM Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill., - - 2012
Although the effects of postoperative radiation on tissue expander breast reconstruction are well documented, few data exist regarding the effects of prereconstruction radiation. This study evaluates the outcomes of tissue expander breast reconstruction in women with prereconstruction radiation. This study retrospectively evaluated two treatments: (1) mastectomy without reconstruction followed by ...
Norton Elizabeth K - - 2012
During the 2007 meeting of the Child Health Corporation of America Operating Room Director's Forum, members identified two major discrepancies in surgical count policies among the member hospitals: variations for instrument counts in pediatrics and exceptions to radiographic verification when needle counts were incorrect. The group agreed to collaboratively develop ...
Fakhari Ali R - - 2012
A sensitive, simple and reproducible method was developed for preconcentration and determination of trimipramine (TPM) enantiomers in biological samples using electromembrane extraction combined with cyclodextrin-modified capillary electrophoresis (CE). During the extraction, TPM enantiomers migrated from a 5 mL sample solution through a thin layer of 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether NPOE immobilized in ...
Hässig M - - 2012
We examined and monitored a dairy farm in which a large number of calves were born with nuclear cataracts after a mobile phone base station had been erected in the vicinity of the barn. Calves showed a 3.5 times higher risk for heavy cataract if born there compared to Swiss ...
Lin Chien-Yu - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In recent years, mounting evidence has identified the possibility that 2q35, 3p24, 17q23 and fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) may be genetic susceptibility loci for breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the association of four polymorphic genotypes in these ...
Carr Kelly M - - 2012
Comprehension of informed consent information has been problematic. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of a shortened explanation of an established consent method and whether customized slide shows improve the understanding of the risks and limitations of orthodontic treatment. Slide shows for each of the 80 ...
Weiss Scott T - - 2012
Access to an electronic medical record is essential for personalized medicine. Currently, only 40% of US physicians have such access, but this is rapidly changing. It is expected that 100,000 Americans will have their whole genome sequenced in 2012. The cost of such sequencing is rapidly dropping, and is estimated ...
Hicks Rodney W - - 2012
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is an effective treatment option for reducing pain, but PCA errors can be quite serious. Opioid analgesics are among the most effective pain relievers available, but all have contraindications and can have adverse effects, including respiratory depression and other effects on the central nervous system. Practitioners must ...
Colavecchia S B SB Inmunología, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine whether lipoarabinomannan (LAM), in combination with Freund's incomplete adjuvant (FIA), was able to improve cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immune responses against ovalbumin (OVA) in cattle. Twenty-three calves were assigned to four treatment groups, which were subcutaneously immunized with either OVA plus FIA, ...
Hockley Andrew - - 2012
Patient photos and silhouettes are commonly used in clinical evaluations and orthodontic research to evaluate profile esthetics. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of photos or silhouettes is a more appropriate method of evaluating African American profile esthetics and whether there are different profile esthetic ...
Orbach-Zinger Sharon - - 2012
To compare patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with tramadol with PCA with remifentanil in second trimester abortion. Prospective, randomized double-blinded study University-affiliated medical center. 30 ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients undergoing a second trimester abortion. Patients received PCA with either tramadol or remifentanil. Analgesia was initiated in the tramadol group ...
Suarez Michelle A - - 2012
Children with autism experience many challenges that affect their ability to function. Sensory processing disorder and, specifically, sensory modulation disorder can compound dysfunction and further inhibit participation in productive activities. Through detection of and referral for sensory modulation disorders, treatment can be accessed. Emerging treatment evidence points to functional gains ...
Maine Rebecca G RG Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif., USA. - - 2012
International organizations have performed palatoplasties in low- and middle-income countries for decades, often working with local providers. Few studies report long-term outcomes, especially for palatal fistulas. A fistula after palatoplasty may affect speech, socialization, and nutrition. Fistula rates on surgical missions have not been compared with rates at U.S. craniofacial ...
Gea Joaquim - - 2012
Many respiratory diseases lead to impaired function of skeletal muscles, influencing quality of life and patient survival. Dysfunction of both respiratory and limb muscles in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been studied in depth, and seems to be caused by the complex interaction of general (inflammation, impaired gas exchange, malnutrition, ...
Huerta Marisela M Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, 21 Bloomingdale Road, White Plains, NY 10605, USA. - - 2012
Research on the identification and evaluation of autism spectrum disorders is reviewed, and best practices for clinical work are discussed. The latest research on diagnostic tools, and their recommended use, is also reviewed. Recommendations include the use of instruments designed to assess multiple domains of functioning and behavior, the inclusion ...
Hurt Katharine - - 2012
Inhaled dry powder mannitol is well established for use in bronchial provocation testing. Inhaled mannitol also increases mucociliary clearance, and therefore could have a role in treating chronic suppurative lung disease. There have been a number of studies in cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis. An international Phase III trial has just ...
Del Giacco Stefano R - - 2012
To cite this article: Del Giacco SR, Carlsen K-H, Du Toit G. Allergy and sports in children. Pediatric Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 11-20. ABSTRACT: Physical activity is beneficial for children with positive outcomes for mental and physical well-being. Allergic conditions unique to the sporting arena may serve as an impediment ...
Costa Márcio Reis da - - 2012
Recent studies on the torque teno virus (TTV), genus Anellovirus, have allowed formulating the hypothesis that TTV may trigger autoimmune rheumatic diseases or have some pathogenic role in them. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of TTV infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the genetic diversity of TTV, the ...
Shaw Christiana M - - 2012
Novel drugs to inhibit insulin receptor substrate (IRS) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) pathways are emerging and will be sarcoma subtype-specific. As a result, defining expression of proteins in these pathways; in select tumors is important in order to formulate therapeutic approaches to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). Fifty-three ...
Acosta-Pérez Gabriel - - 2012
OBJETIVE: To estimate the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in clinical isolates and to compare different methods for detection of MRSA in a lab with limited available personnel and resources. 140 Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from patients in several departments were assayed for β-lactamase production, MIC-Vitek 2 oxacillin, ChromID ...
Rezania Kourosh - - 2012
Respiratory failure could result from a cardiopulmonary or a primary neurological disease. The latter could happen as a result of involvement of the central nervous system or a neuromuscular disease. Different neuromuscular diseases could result in respiratory failure by causing significant weakness of the respiratory and upper airways muscles. When ...
Pontes Thaís de Carvalho - - 2012
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) involves small- and medium-sized arteries, being a well-known cause of hypertension in young Caucasian women, when renal arteries are involved. The etiology of FMD remains unknown, despite many theories. A genetic component is suspected to exist, because the pathology affects primarily Caucasians. Association between FMD and the ...
Ishihara Yoshihito - - 2012
This article reports the successful treatment of a patient with the unusual occurrence of bilateral and multiple dentigerous cysts of the premolars. One impacted mandibular premolar was moved by traction orthodontically. On the opposite side, the impacted premolar was autotransplanted after space was created through mesial movement and hemi-sectioning of ...
Friedman Benjamin W - - 2012
Headaches are a common reason for visiting a health care provider. Headaches are at times symptomatic of an underlying process that requires prompt diagnosis and urgent treatment to reduce threats to life or limb. In this article, the authors review the 6 most common presentations for worrisome headache and discuss ...
Cehreli Seçil - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the primary stability and the histomorphometric measurements of self-drilling and self-tapping orthodontic microimplants and the correlations between factors related to host, implant, and measuring technique. Seventy-two self-drilling and self-tapping implants were placed into bovine iliac crest blocks after computed tomography assessments. Insertion torque ...
Takagi Shunsuke - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) elevation during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Descriptive epidemiological study. Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. All patients who received ECT at the Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital from May 2005 to March 2009. All patients received routine ECT treatment. ...
Syrjänen K - - 2012
Since first suggested in 1979, evidence on the involvement of human papillomavirus (HPV) in bronchial carcinogenesis has been accumulated through several lines of research. The causal role of HPV in lung cancer still remains controversial, however, and more data are needed particularly on genotype distribution and cofactors of HPV regarding ...
Capstick Toby Gd - - 2012
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are both common conditions with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Inhaled therapy for these conditions has a number of advantages over systemic therapy, including reduced side effects and quicker onset of action. The effective use of inhaled therapy is critically dependent upon the nature of ...
Sarazin Marie - - 2012
In contrast with the previous criteria published in 1984 by the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association, the new criteria proposed in 2007 incorporated in the diagnostic framework the use of biomarkers that are able to assess the underlying ...
Molnár József - - 2012
The molecular basis of interaction of selected carotenoids and xanthophylls with ascorbic acid on cancer cells was studied to determine their anticancer effects. Drug accumulation was measured in a human ABCB1 gene-transfected mouse lymphoma cell line and in a human lung cancer cell line by flow cytometry; furthermore, their anticancer ...
Stevens Mark R - - 2012
Although anatomy often seems static, the continual innovation of new surgical techniques and approaches, in reality, make it a dynamic field. The first essential principal of any surgery is the comprehensive knowledge of the anatomic area and its physiology. This assertion is especially true in functional and or cosmetic nasal ...
Aizawa Sen-Ichi - - 2012
The mechanism of change in the enantiomer migration order (EMO) of tartarate on ligand exchange CE with Cu(II)- and Ni(II)-D-quinic acid systems was investigated thoroughly by circular dichroism (CD) spectropolarimetry. The (13) C NMR spectra of solutions containing D-quinate (pH 5.0) with Cu(II) or Ni(II) revealed the coordination of carboxylate ...
Gunn J Stephen JS Division of Plastic Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, - - 2012
Severed tendon repair advances with either a scar through extrinsic repair or regeneration through intrinsic repair. The authors examined whether intrinsic tendon repair reintroduces embryonic fibrillogenesis, whereby preformed collagen fibril segments are incorporated into growing collagen fibers at wound edges. Isolated tendons from 10-day-old chicken embryos were suspended in 1 ...
Taddei Silvana Rodrigues de Albuquerque - - 2012
Cytokines and chemokines regulate bone remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement. CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is involved in osteoclast recruitment and activity, and its expression is increased in periodontal tissues under mechanical loading. In this study, we investigated whether the CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2)-CCL2 axis influences orthodontic tooth movement. ...
Morimoto Manabu - - 2012
No reliable prognostic predictor is known for patients undergoing sorafenib treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In 81 patients receiving sorafenib treatment for advanced HCC, we evaluated the prognostic significance of an inflammation-based prognostic score, the Glasgow prognostic score [evidenced by an elevated C-reactive protein level (>1.0 mg/dl) and hypoalbuminemia ...
Smith Francis Duval - - 2012
Surgical facilities often stock many types of bone and bone products to meet the needs of multiple surgeons. In this era of cost containment, product standardization is necessary for the financial well-being of health care facilities. By familiarizing themselves with bone and bone product harvesting and processing and the US ...
Eshar D - - 2012
Objectives: To determine urine specific gravity values in clinically healthy pet ferrets and explore possible associations with sex, sampling techniques, hydration status and urine analytes. Methods: Sixty-nine entire ferrets of both sexes, under one year of age, were included in this study. Physical examination, complete blood count, blood biochemistry, urine ...
Capelli C C Centre for Cardiovascular Imaging, UCL Institute ofCardiovascular Science, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK. - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) enables treatment of aortic stenosis with no need for open heart surgery. According to current guidelines, only patients considered at high surgical risk can be treated with TAVI. In this study, patient-specific analyses were performed to explore the feasibility of TAVI in morphologies, which are ...
Ceccaroni Marcello - - 2012
Aim: To analyze pelvic dysfunctions, quality of life, and survival after nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) compared to classical radical hysterectomy (RH) for cervical cancer. All cervical cancer patients undergoing a RH or a NSRH were evaluated for pelvic dysfunctions and filled in a quality-of-life questionnaire. A total of 56 women ...
Mills Bruce - - 2012
This article explores emblematic examples of autistic ways of processing the world and effective practices for pediatrician interactions with children on the spectrum. It offers a parent perspective in relation to this dynamic, considering personal anecdotes that reflect on the communication, social, and sensory challenges for those with autism.
Wang Haojie - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony is an important prognostic marker for higher morbidity and mortality in patients with symptomatic heart failure. However, the response rate to resynchronization varies among patients meeting current guidelines for Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Two-dimensional echocardiography and Doppler-based techniques have shown variable results in the assessment ...
Rojas-Martínez Rosalba - - 2012
To describe the number of Mexican adults with undiagnosed diabetes and arterial hypertension and their association with obesity. The study included a sub-sample of 6 613 subjects aged 20 years or more who participated in the 2006 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2006). Subjects with a previous diagnosis of ...
Anuraj Nishotha - - 2012
Microporous membranes are attractive for protein purification because convection rapidly brings proteins to binding sites. However, the low binding capacity of such membranes limits their applications. This work reports a rapid, aqueous procedure to create highly permeable, polymer brush-modified membranes that bind large amounts of protein. The synthetic method includes ...
Cho Eui-Sic ES Cluster for Craniofacial Development and Regeneration Research, Institute of Oral Biosciences (Brain Korea 21 program) and School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, - - 2012
Rosiglitazone has the potential to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), which in turn can affect bone formation and resorption. However, the mechanisms by which rosiglitazone regulates osteoclastic orosteoblastic differentiation are not fully understood. This study examines how rosiglitazone affects osteoclast formation, bone resorption and osteoblast differentiation from mouse bone marrow. ...
Szczepanek Joanna - - 2012
Aim: Identification of signal transduction genes related to drug resistance in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Ex vivo drug resistance in 107 children, divided into study and validation groups, was determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) drug resistance assay. The gene expression profile was identified by microarray analysis and validated by ...
Jabbar Abdul - - 2012
Anisakidosis is an important fish-borne disease caused by the larvae of anisakid nematodes, which affects humans and a range of other animals. The accurate identification of members of this nematode group is central to investigating the epidemiology of the parasites and in the surveillance and control of anisakidosis. It is ...
Anand Akash G AG Department of Otolaryngology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2012
Oropharyngeal reconstruction following head and neck oncologic resection has utilized local, regional, and free tissue transfer flap options. The modality utilized is often guided by the type of defect created as well as the surgeon's preference. In this article, the authors introduce the application of the supraclavicular artery island flap ...
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