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Results 201 - 250 of 4033
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De Paepe Peter - - 2012
The prognosis of patients with altered consciousness is mainly determined by early diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic interventions and by the type of toxin. The potential causes of altered consciousness are many and may reflect systemic illness, isolated organ system dysfunction, drug intoxications or withdrawal, psychiatric illness, or neurologic disease. In ...
Abusaid Ghassan H - - 2012
The role of two-dimensional stress echocardiography (2D-SE) is well established for diagnosis and prognosis of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. 2D-SE has its limitations as multiple views of the left ventricle (LV) must be obtained within 90 seconds of peak stress from more than window to completely ...
Chun Yoon S - - 2012
Obesity, determined by body mass index, is known to be associated with surgical complications. This study was performed to evaluate a correlation between body mass index and postoperative complications in reduction mammaplasty. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive reduction mammaplasties performed at the Brigham and Women's Hospital by ...
Freeman William David - - 2012
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is defined as bleeding within the intracranial vault and has several subtypes depending on the anatomic location of bleeding. ICH is diagnosed through history, physical examination, and, most commonly, noncontrast CT examination of the brain, which discloses the anatomic bleeding location. Trauma is a common cause. In ...
Suchaoin Wongsakorn - - 2012
Oxidative stress has been shown to play an important role in cancer progression. In lung cancer, increasing expression of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) has been found in both primary and metastatic carcinomas and may be critical in the regulation of the oxidative status of cancer cells. Using molecular and pharmacological manipulations, the ...
Linassier Claude - - 2012
Six targeted agents [sorafenib, sunitinib, temsirolimus, bevacizumab (plus interferon), everolimus and pazopanib] have been approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. As disease progression is inevitable, most patients will receive several lines of treatment. However, the choice regarding which sequence of drugs to use remains unclear, ...
Shahali Youcef - - 2012
Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens, Cups) pollen causes allergic diseases in inhabitants of many of the cities surrounding the Mediterranean basin. However, allergens of Cups pollen are still poorly known. We introduce here a novel proteomic approach based on double one-dimensional gel electrophoresis (D1-DE) as an alternative to the 2-DE immunoblot, ...
Qassemyar Quentin - - 2012
The facial artery perforator flap was developed to perform more accurate reconstruction of perioral and nasal alar defects. This technique allows tailor-made reconstruction and shifting from the traditional two-stage procedure to a one-stage technique. Cadaveric studies have described the number, location, and size of facial artery perforators. Understanding of the ...
Rubin Rebecca Lash - - 2012
In this prospective longitudinal study, we compared the prevalence of mandibular second molar eruption difficulties in patients treated with appliances to maintain mandibular arch perimeter. Other independent variables (age, molar angulation, space-width ratio, treatment time, and sex) were tested for their value as predictors of eruption difficulty. Three hundred one ...
Fourie Eleanor - - 2012
Gold(I) and platinum(II) d(10) and d(8) electronic complexes such as (Au(PPh(2)CH(2)CH(2)PPh(2))(2))Cl and cisplatin, ((H(3)N)(2)PtCl(2)), possess strong antineoplastic activities. Almost no information is available regarding the anticancer activity of isoelectronic silver(I) d(10) complexes. This study examined the cytotoxicity of stable water-soluble silver(I) carboxylates. The results were related to the cytotoxicity of ...
Bagheri Shahrokh C - - 2012
The last 2 decades have witnessed significant changes in both technical and philosophic aspects of rhinoplasty surgery. Many of these changes are designed to provide more predictable, lasting, and enhanced cosmetic results of surgery without compromise of function. Although the aim of this procedure remains unchanged, the techniques and methodology ...
Schall Carol - - 2012
Individuals and their parents frequently turn to pediatricians, adolescent medicine specialists, and psychologists to answer questions about the course and outcomes of their disorder. This article provides a description of the characteristics of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in adolescence and early adulthood. It also describes essential elements of high school ...
Raghavan Shyam S - - 2012
: Tissue-engineered flexor tendon grafts may allow reconstruction of severe tendon losses. One critical factor is the optimization of cell proliferation and reseeding. Use of growth factors-basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-may improve culture conditions for human fibroblasts, tenocytes, and adipose-derived stem ...
Pott Júnior Henrique - - 2012
Serositis is commonly seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Approximately 16% of patients with SLE have pleural or pericardial involvement. However, peritoneal involvement is extremely rare, and clinically seen in a small group of patients. This is the case report of a 47-year old female with discoid lupus who evolved ...
Whalley Lawrence J - - 2012
There are well-established differences in dementia incidence between communities and within communities over time. In part, these differences may be attributable to local improvements in dementia diagnosis and classification. Nevertheless, there are grounds for cautious optimism that there have been slight, but significant, recent reductions in dementia incidence. Possible causes ...
Tareen Ruqiya Shama - - 2012
It is possible that autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have a multifactorial cause along with more than one predisposing and perpetuating factor, all of which culminate in expression of these disorders. Endocrine and neuropeptide factors are among the list of possible etiologic or predisposing contenders. The search for an endocrine model ...
Conrick-Martin Ian - - 2012
To compare the effect of central neuraxial (spinal or epidural) anesthesia with general anesthesia on postoperative natural killer (NK) T lymphocyte function. Meta-analysis. University-affiliated hospital. A systematic search of the medical literature from 1966 to 2009 yielded 5 eligible studies with a total of 184 patients who received neuraxial blockade. ...
Belinfante Louis S - - 2012
Man has considered the nose to be a key feature, if not the key feature, of facial appearance, beauty, and dynamics. However, because of its central facial location and weak cartilaginous support, the nose is susceptible to disfiguring infection, trauma, pathologic entities, and human-associated carnages. This article discusses the various ...
Toriello Helga V - - 2012
Autism is a heterogeneous entity that clearly has a substantial genetic component to its cause. There is likely enough evidence to suggest that there are common genetic mechanisms that predispose to various psychiatric disorders. More recent studies have attempted to identify the specific genes involved in predisposition to autism. In ...
Cypel Marcelo - - 2012
The number of patients listed for lung transplantation largely exceeds the number of available transplantable organs because of both a shortage of organ donors and a low utilization rate of donor lungs. Normothermic ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a method that maintains the organ in physiologically protective conditions outside ...
Gorman Shelley - - 2012
To cite this article: Gorman S, Tan DHW, Lambert MJM, Scott NM, Judge MA, Hart PH. Vitamin D(3) deficiency enhances allergen-induced lymphocyte responses in a mouse model of allergic airway disease. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 83-87 ABSTRACT: There is debate as to whether vitamin D deficiency contributes towards the ...
Wazir U - - 2012
This pilot study is the first to focus on the potential role for death-associated protein 3 (DAP3) in human breast cancer. A total of 153 samples were studied. The levels of transcription of DAP3 were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Transcript levels within breast cancer specimens were compared ...
Minagar Alireza - - 2012
During the past 2 decades, the world has witnessed a significant improvement in the understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of neurologic diseases, which presents emergencies. Every day neurologists are consulted for patients who present with neurologic emergencies to the emergency departments. In this article, we present a series of ...
Pondrom Sue - - 2012
Many ESRD patients, a disproportionate number of whom are African American, are not told about transplantation as a treatment option.
Liu Daniel Z - - 2012
Infection rates for breast surgery are 3 to 15 percent, higher than average for a clean surgical procedure. Preoperative and postoperative antibiotics have lowered infection rates in other surgical groups, yet there is no consensus on postoperative prophylactic antibiotic use in microsurgical breast reconstruction. A retrospective review of consecutive patients ...
Norton Elizabeth K - - 2012
During the 2007 meeting of the Child Health Corporation of America Operating Room Director's Forum, members identified two major discrepancies in surgical count policies among the member hospitals: variations for instrument counts in pediatrics and exceptions to radiographic verification when needle counts were incorrect. The group agreed to collaboratively develop ...
Fakhari Ali R - - 2012
A sensitive, simple and reproducible method was developed for preconcentration and determination of trimipramine (TPM) enantiomers in biological samples using electromembrane extraction combined with cyclodextrin-modified capillary electrophoresis (CE). During the extraction, TPM enantiomers migrated from a 5 mL sample solution through a thin layer of 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether NPOE immobilized in ...
Hässig M - - 2012
We examined and monitored a dairy farm in which a large number of calves were born with nuclear cataracts after a mobile phone base station had been erected in the vicinity of the barn. Calves showed a 3.5 times higher risk for heavy cataract if born there compared to Swiss ...
Lin Chien-Yu - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In recent years, mounting evidence has identified the possibility that 2q35, 3p24, 17q23 and fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) may be genetic susceptibility loci for breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the association of four polymorphic genotypes in these ...
Suzuki Yoko - - 2012
Although the systemic inflammatory condition can be confirmed in cancer patients, the pathophysiological importance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by neutrophils has not yet been defined. Twenty-one patients with inoperable, chemoresistant and radioresistant cancer were enrolled in this study. At least 4 weeks prior to sampling, the patients were ...
Graves Jennifer S - - 2012
Patients with neuro-ophthalmologic findings and diseases commonly present in the emergency room. This article reviews the approach to acute visual loss, the abnormal optic disc, double vision, and the neuro-ophthalmologic signs of neurologic emergencies, including hydrocephalus, herniation syndromes, vascular lesions, and trauma.
Fambrini Massimiliano - - 2012
Aim: To compare minilaparotomic and vaginal surgery in selected obese patients with early-stage endometrial cancer at high surgical risk. Data of 37 consecutive class II-III obese patients submitted to minilaparotomic surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-seven women matched for demographic characteristics, BMI and stage of disease submitted to vaginal surgery in ...
Goldberg Judith L - - 2012
Retention of a surgical item is a preventable event that can result in patient injury. AORN's "Recommended practices for prevention of retained surgical items" emphasizes the importance of using a multidisciplinary approach for prevention. Procedures should include counts of soft goods, needles, miscellaneous items, and instruments, and efforts should be ...
Prelock Patricia J - - 2012
Children with autism spectrum disorders can have varying degrees of difficulty acquiring spoken and written language, but symptoms of communication impairment associated with social impairment are uniformly present, distinguishing autism spectrum disorders from other neurodevelopmental disabilities. Early diagnosis and early intervention involving parents can improve prognosis. Red flags for social ...
Hu Bo - - 2012
First reported by Coto in 1980, aorta-right atrial tunnel (ARAT) is a rare congenital vascular connection between the aortic root and RA. The case report presents a 38-year-old male patient with ARAT. Echocardiography showed a tunnel-like structure which appeared to be a connection between the left coronary sinus and the ...
Steininger K - - 2012
The left and right kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra of 29 female clinically healthy Saanen goats were examined via transcutaneous and transrectal ultrasonography. In order to establish reference values the examinations were performed using a 5.0 MHz linear transducer to scan the right caudal costal part of the abdominal wall, right ...
Ferreira Eurípedes - - 2012
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a disease where patients produce antibodies against erythrocytes directed towards membrane glycoproteins adsorbed onto the erythrocyte surface. Drugs and other associations have been implicated. It is described and discussed a case of livedo reticularis associated with AIHA treated with peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) ...
Soares Maria Roberta Melo P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical response after switching between anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF-alpha) agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 99 patients diagnosed with RA American College of Rheumatology, 1987), on anti-TNF-alpha therapy, to assess the therapeutic response after 24 weeks. Switching was performed if, ...
Sakamoto Bryan - - 2012
A 45 year old man with metastatic colon cancer presented with uncontrollable abdominal wall pain. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with ropivacaine and methylprednisolone was performed with excellent pain relief, which allowed a significant weaning of the patient's opioid requirements. A second TAP block was performed with a 33% ethanol ...
Burlingame Byron - - 2012
Patients wearing personal clothing into the OR Key words: patient attire, underwear. Tracking and documenting implants Key words: implant, implant documentation, infection prevention. Returning explants to patients Key words: implant, returning explanted devices.
Liu Yu - - 2012
This study reports the development of a novel liposomal formulation containing boanmycin (BAM) by the pH-gradient, spherical symmetric experimental design. DSC was used to elucidate the thermotropic transition of the soybean egg phosphatidylcholine (EPCS) bilayers. The DSC analysis showed that the incorporation of cholesterol into the EPCS bilayers caused a ...
Brenol Claiton Viegas - - 2012
Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a non-classic class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule characterized by low polymorphism in its coding region, a limited tissue distribution pattern in physiologic conditions, and expression through soluble isoforms and isoforms bound to surface membranes through alternative splicing. HLA-G is fairly known since ...
Moser Christian - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate the effects of HSP90 blockade by EC154 on the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase macrophage-stimulating 1 receptor (MST1R) in gastric and pancreatic cancer. Impact of EC154 on signaling pathways was investigated by western blotting. Cancer cell migration was evaluated in Boyden chambers. Transcriptional regulation of MST1R was examined ...
Jalouli Jamshid - - 2012
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a major health problem in many parts of the world, and the major causative agents are thought to be the use of alcohol and tobacco. Oncogenic viruses have also been suggested to be involved in OSCC development. This study investigated the prevalence of human ...
Miki Yuichiro - - 2012
Background/Aim: The optimal treatment of liver metastases from gastric cancer (LMGC) remains uncertain. We retrospectively compared surgical treatment with chemotherapy alone and identified prognostic determinants. We reviewed the records of 50 consecutive patients with LMGC: 25 patients with gastrectomy plus hepatic resection (group A), 13 patients with palliative gastrectomy (group ...
Alekseeva Nadejda - - 2012
In the emergency department, neurologists regularly evaluate patients exhibiting behavioral abnormalities that stem from underlying neurologic diseases. This behavior may be the initial presence of a neurologic illness or may indicate the deterioration and progress of the disease process. In addition, many neurologic patients present with acute and potentially dangerous ...
Greydanus Donald E - - 2012
Concepts of autism have evolved over the twentieth century after Bleuler coined the term to refer to symptoms of self-absorption in those with schizophrenia. Autism nosology changed to the current sesquipedalian constellation of autism spectrum disorders with a confusing archipelago of 5 conditions that often serve as islands of confusion ...
Hirsch Elliot M - - 2012
Although the effects of postoperative radiation on tissue expander breast reconstruction are well documented, few data exist regarding the effects of prereconstruction radiation. This study evaluates the outcomes of tissue expander breast reconstruction in women with prereconstruction radiation. This study retrospectively evaluated two treatments: (1) mastectomy without reconstruction followed by ...
Knutsen Alan P - - 2012
Asthma is a common disorder that in 2009 afflicted 8.2% of adults and children, 24.6 million persons, in the United States. In patients with moderate and severe persistent asthma, there is significantly increased morbidity, use of health care support, and health care costs. Epidemiologic studies in the United States and ...
Farmer Joel D - - 2012
To determine the perioperative considerations for low-risk and high-risk surgery in patients with Gitelman syndrome. Retrospective chart review. University-affiliated medical center. 42 patients with Gitelman syndrome. Of the 42 patients with Gitelman syndrome, 5 underwent procedures requiring anesthesia: mastectomy, spinal fusion, thyroidectomy, tonsillectomy, and bronchoscopy. The anesthesia record and all ...
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