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Axelsen M B - - 2012
To determine whether dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) evaluated using semi-automatic image processing software can accurately assess synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) knee joints. In 17 RA patients undergoing knee surgery, the average grade of histological synovial inflammation was determined from four biopsies obtained during surgery. A preoperative ...
Parra Antonio - - 2012
Global warming is projected to increase the frequency and intensity of droughts in the Mediterranean region, as well as the occurrence of large fires. Understanding the interactions between drought, fire and plant responses is therefore important. In this study, we present an experiment in which rainfall patterns were modified to ...
Remmele Richard L RL - - 2012
Freeze drying, or lyophilization is widely used for biopharmaceuticals to improve the long term storage stability of labile molecules. This review examines general theory and practice of rational lyophilization of biopharmaceuticals. Formulation development involving the selection of appropriate excipients, their associated physical properties, and mechanism of action in achieving a ...
- - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS), currently, is the gold standard test for the differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome (CS), but few data are available on the efficacy and accuracy of BIPSS in the qualitative diagnosis of ACTH-dependent CS and lateralization of Cushing's disease (CD); especially, the evaluation of ...
Li X X Mitchell Cancer Institute, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, USA. - - 2012
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been widely reported to display strong efficacy for cancer chemoprevention, although their mechanism of action is poorly understood. The most well-documented effects of NSAIDs include inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis, but their effect on tumor cell invasion has not been well ...
Lin Shuang-Yan - - 2012
Two linear tetranuclear lanthanide complexes of general formula [Ln(4)(L)(2)(C(6)H(5)COO)(12)(MeOH)(4)], where HL = 2,6-bis((furan-2-ylmethylimino)methyl)-4-methylphenol, () and Ln(III) = Dy(III) (1) and Gd(III) (2), have been synthesized and characterized. The crystal structural analysis demonstrates that two Schiff-base ligands inhibit the growth of benzoate bridged 1D chains, leading to the isolation of discrete ...
Ng Gary K-Y - - 2012
The synthesis of M(II)(2) complexes (M(II)=Co, Mn) with terminal hydroxo ligands has been achieved utilizing a dinucleating ligand containing a bridging pyrazolate unit and appended (neopentyl)aminopyridyl groups. Structural studies on the complexes revealed that the M(II)-OH units are positioned in a syn-configuration, placing the hydroxo ligands in close proximity (ca. ...
Luo Pu - - 2012
As we reported recently, endergonic to mildly exergonic electron transfer between neutral aromatics (benzenes and biphenyls) and their radical cations in acetonitrile follows a Sandros-Boltzmann (SB) dependency on the reaction free energy (ΔG); i.e., the rate constant is proportional to 1/[1 + exp(ΔG/RT)]. We now report deviations from this dependency ...
Boone Matthieu N - - 2012
In conventional X-ray microtomography (μCT), the three-dimensional (3D) distribution of the attenuation coefficient of X-rays is measured and reconstructed in a 3D volume. As spatial resolution increases, the refraction of X-rays becomes a significant phenomenon in the imaging process. Although this so-called phase contrast was initially a cumbersome feature in ...
Woo Anthony Yiu Ho AY Institute of Molecular Medicine, Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2012
β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system or circulating catecholamines is broadly involved in peripheral blood circulation, metabolic regulation, muscle contraction, and central neural activities. In the heart, acute βAR stimulation serves as the most powerful means to regulate cardiac output in response to a fight-or-flight situation, whereas ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increasing number of pregnancies resulting from In vitro Fertilisation (IVF) combined with increased awareness of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - related morbidity calls for research on possible differences in pregnancy outcomes between IVF and non-IVF GDM complicated pregnancies. The aim of this study was to compare GDM - affected ...
Sabatino L - - 2012
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) inactivation has been identified as an important step in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression, although the events involved have been partially clarified. UHRF1 is emerging as a cofactor that coordinates the epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes, but its role in CRC remains elusive. Here, we ...
Marangon A V - - 2012
The objective of this study was to analyse the possible role of HLA polymorphism of chronically infected hepatitis C virus patients in the response outcome to treatment with pegylated interferon-alpha plus ribavirin. To that end, 144 Brazilian patients infected only with genotype 1 of the virus were treated with pegylated ...
Nakamoto Kohei - - 2012
In this paper, we describe our development of an electrochemical surface plasmon resonance (EC-SPR) measurement device based on a bottom-filled gold nanohole array. The polymer based gold nanohole array was fabricated with a UV nanoimprint technique and electron beam gold deposition. Direct reflection mode measurement was used to monitor the ...
Nie Binbin B Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analytical Techniques, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
This study constructs a rat brain T2 -weighted magnetic resonance imaging template including olfactory bulb and a compatible digital atlas. The atlas contains 624 carefully delineated brain structures based on the newest (2005) edition of rat brain atlas by Paxinos and Watson. An automated procedure, as an SPM toolbox, was ...
Pal Kunal - - 2012
The effect of preferential solvation on the exciplex luminescence detected magnetic field effect has been studied using magnetic-field-effect-on-reaction-yield (MARY) spectroscopy. By designing solvent mixtures which can provide a micro-environment around the magneto-sensitive radical ion pair (RIP) from highly heterogeneous to quasi-homogenous, the effect of the polarity scan on an absolute ...
Nielsen René Ernst - - 2012
Background: This overview is aimed at clinicians working with patients in the fertile age who suffer from depressive disorders. The study of adverse effects of antidepressants on the foetus is hampered by difficulty in distinguishing between the behavioural changes that are related to the disorder itself and changes that accompany ...
Park Jin-Sung - - 2012
Platinum-based anti-cancer drugs form a major family of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Cisplatin, the first member of the family, remains a potent anti-cancer drug and exhibits its clinical effect by inducing local DNA kinks and subsequently interfering with DNA metabolism. Although its mechanism is reasonably well understood, effects of intracellular ions ...
Ono H - - 2012
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has a major role in cancer progression, as well as normal organ development and human pathology such as organ fibrosis and wound healing. Here, we performed a gene expression array specialized in EMT of colorectal cancer (CRC). From a comprehensive gene expression analysis using epithelial- and mesenchymal-like ...
Lazard Diane S - - 2012
Post-lingual deafness induces a decline in the ability to process phonological sounds or evoke phonological representations. This decline is paralleled with abnormally high neural activity in the right posterior superior temporal gyrus/supramarginal gyrus (PSTG/SMG). As this neural plasticity negatively relates to cochlear implantation (CI) success, it appears important to understand ...
Nakamura Masaki - - 2012
The aim of this study is to assess the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED) using the Core Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Score (CLSS) and the International Index of Erectile Dysfunction (IIEF)-5 questionnaires. A total of 220 consecutive treatment-naive men completed the International Prostate Symptom ...
Bastin Julien - - 2012
Posterior parahippocampal gyrus (PPHG) is strongly involved during scene recognition and spatial cognition. How PPHG electrophysiological activity could underlie these functions, and whether they share similar timing mechanisms is unknown. We addressed this question in two intracerebral experiments which revealed that PPHG neural activity dissociated an early stimulus-driven effect (>200 ...
Khoo S G - - 2012
Objective:In an era in which percutaneous tracheostomies are frequently performed in 'suitable' necks, more technically complex cases are referred to the otolaryngologist. We describe the surgical technique used and close cooperation required in securing the airway of a morbidly obese patient.Case report:A 52-year-old, morbidly obese man with significant comorbidities was ...
Kumar S M SM Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
There is enormous interest to target cancer stem cells (CSCs) for clinical treatment because these cells are highly tumorigenic and resistant to chemotherapy. Oct4 is expressed by CSC-like cells in different types of cancer. However, function of Oct4 in tumor cells is unclear. In this study, we showed that expression ...
Widmer Lukas W - - 2012
There are two principally different methods for measuring toe pressures (TP)-photoplethysmography (PPG) and laser Doppler (LD). PPG is based on detecting changes in the blood filling of the digital arteries and arterioles, and the LD perfusion signal is derived from the Doppler shift undergone by the emitted infrared laser light ...
Donald William A - - 2012
Relatively little is known about structural transformations of very small metal clusters that result from the adsorption of molecules. Here, the ligand-induced structural transformation of Ag(5)(+)(g) by 1,4-cyclohexadiene, which is capable of binding metal clusters as a bidentate ligand, is investigated using equilibrium mass spectrometry experiments and theory. Based on ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES: N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) is increasingly being used as a biomarker of cardiovascular risk. To date neither its cut-off for postoperative period in noncardiac surgery nor whether the cardiovascular risk has any relation to natriuresis has been assessed. Design: The prospective observational study evaluated postoperative serum levels of ...
Araghi Mehdi - - 2012
In the present work, the preparation of a new organic-inorganic hybrid material in which tetrakis(p-aminophenylporphyrin) is covalently linked to a Lindqvist structure of polyoxometalate, is reported. This new porphyrin-polyoxometalate hybrid material was characterized by (1)H NMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic methods and cyclic voltammetry. These spectro- and electrochemical studies provided ...
Dudgeon C C Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2012
Aberrant Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling is one of the most prevalent oncogenic alterations and confers survival advantage to tumor cells. Inhibition of this pathway can effectively suppress tumor cell growth. For example, sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor targeting c-Raf and other oncogenic kinases, has been used clinically for treating advanced liver and kidney ...
Phillips Melissa M - - 2012
Choline is a quaternary amine that is synthesized in the body or consumed through the diet. Choline is critical for cell membrane structure and function and in synthesis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Although the human body produces this micronutrient, dietary supplementation of choline is necessary for good health. The major ...
Li Qing-Zhong - - 2012
A novel type of σ-hole bonding has been predicted and characterized in F(2)CS-HM and F(2)CSe-HM (M = Li, Na, BeH, MgH) complexes at the MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ level. This interaction, termed a chalcogen-hydride interaction, was analyzed in terms of geometric, energetic and spectroscopic features of the complexes. It exhibits similar properties to ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVEs: Since among others also our previous studies suggested an interaction between the endocannabinoid system and methamphetamine brain mechanisms we focused on possible changes in relative expression of cannabinoid CB1 receptor mRNA in mesencephalon from mice sensitized by repeated treatments to methamphetamine stimulatory effects and cross-sensitized by cannabinoid CB1 receptor ...
Xu Jiajun - - 2012
Aim: We explore the prevalence and risk factors of anxiety symptoms among child survivors after an earthquake. Methods: This study was conducted among children aged 7-15 years in Qingchuan County 1 year after the Wenchuan earthquake. Trauma experiences and anxiety symptoms were assessed with a modified earthquake exposure scale and ...
Mackrill Thomas - - 2012
Background: Suicide behavior is relatively common in families with alcohol problems. Aims: This study explores associations between suicide behavior in parents with alcohol abuse problems and suicide behavior in their offspring. It aims to expand our understanding of the varied experiences of treatment-seeking young adults who grew up in families ...
- - 2012
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in the U.S. and Europe. In the early stages of the disease, women are treated surgically, which is supplemented with hormonal therapy, immuno-, chemo- or radiotherapy. Postoperative qualification for further treatment is based on clinical stage, the pathology of the ...
Serafín V - - 2012
In this paper, an electrochemical magneto-immunosensor for the detection of human growth hormone (hGH) is described for the first time. The immunosensor involves the use of tosyl-activated magnetic microparticles (TsMBs) to covalently immobilize a monoclonal mAbhHG antibody. A sandwich-type immunoassay with a secondary pAbhGH antibody and anti-IgG labelled with alkaline ...
Botta Sergio B - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the chemical interaction of collagen with some substances usually applied in dental treatments to increase the durability of adhesive restorations to dentin. Initially, the similarity between human dentin collagen and type I collagen obtained from commercial bovine membranes of Achilles deep tendon was compared by ...
Lovrenski Jovan - - 2012
To evaluate the diagnostic possibilities of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in detecting pulmonary complications in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A prospective study included 120 preterm infants with clinical and radiographic signs of RDS. LUS was performed using both a transthoracic and a transabdominal approach within the first 24 ...
Fu Heyun - - 2012
A novel fiber coated with silicalite-1 for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was prepared by in-situ hydrothermal growth method. Six substituted benzenes (nitrobenzene, p-dichlorobenzene, m-dichlorobenzene, 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, p-chloronitrobenzene, and m-chloronitrobenzene) were employed as model analytes. The fiber exhibited high thermal stability (little weight loss up to 600 °C) and high chemical stability (no ...
Moore A - - 2012
Endoscopic hypopharyngeal diverticulotomy is now largely performed using an endoscopic stapling device. A poorly applied endoscopic stapling device can result in incomplete division of the cricopharyngeal bar, necessitating the application of a second set of staples. Applying more than one set of staples is associated with an increased risk of ...
Lin Yu-Chuan - - 2012
We report that copper thin films deposited on top of graphene oxide (GO) serve as an effective catalyst to reduce GO sheets in a diluted hydrogen environment at high temperature. The reduced GO (rGO) sheets exhibit higher effective field-effect hole mobility, up to 80 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), and lower sheet ...
Kim Ji-Young - - 2012
Objective: We report a case study on possible alterations in resting-state functional connectivity between the auditory network and non-auditory brain regions in tinnitus patients. Design: Independent component analyses were performed to evaluate coherent spontaneous activity in distributed brain networks. The resting-state functional connectivity scores between the right and left auditory ...
Sun Feng F State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2012
To investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of polygalasaponin F (PGSF), a triterpenoid saponin isolated from Polygala japonica, on long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampus dentate gyrus (DG) of anesthetized rats. Population spike (PS) of hippocampal DG was recorded in anesthetized male Wistar rats. PGSF, the NMDAR inhibitor MK801 and the ...
Schulz Anna Carina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Isolated esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital malformation whose etiology remains largely unknown. Nine twin pairs with EA were identified from our clinical service, prompting the performance of a systematic review of the literature and the first reported twin study of isolated EA. METHODS: A total of 330 ...
Xue Wei-Jian - - 2012
A highly efficient method for the synthesis of oxazole derivatives from methyl ketones, benzoins and ammonium acetate has been established via a novel strategy-convergent integration of two self-labor domino sequences. Owing to the simple and readily available starting materials, mild reaction conditions, facile operation, and the high bioactivity of oxazole ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Our previous study showed that administration of nicotine is capable to protect the neurons of hippocampus against the kainic acid induced damage. Here we tested the hypotheses that multiple nicotine administration would prevent the effects of kainic acid on neuronal nicotinic receptor subtypes densities (α-bungarotoxin sensitive and α-bungarotoxin insentive) ...
Badgaiyan Rajendra D RD Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. - - 2012
Because it is unclear how a nonconscious stimulus is cognitively processed, there is uncertainty concerning variables that modulate the processing. In this context recent findings of a set of neuroimaging experiments are important. These findings suggest that conscious and nonconscious stimuli activate same areas of the brain during performance of ...
Lisi Matteo - - 2012
A 44-year-old woman, who had undergone orthotopic cardiac transplantation in 1999, presented acute allograft rejection 4 months after childbirth. Analysis of myocardial deformation by speckle tracking echocardiography showed, in contrast with traditional markers of systolic function, a strong reduction of left ventricular strain, which recovered, together with rejection, under pharmacological ...
Kaplan Robert M - - 2012
After the Nazi occupation, there was a determination to deal with collaborators, coming to the fore with the trial of the traitor Vidkun Quisling. This became as much a contest between psychiatrists as a legal tussle. Norwegian psychiatrists supported the public opinion that collaborationists were mentally ill or intellectually handicapped, ...
Salitroš Ivan - - 2012
The mononuclear compound (1) [Fe(II)(L)(2)](BF(4))(2) (L = 4-ethynyl-2,6-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine) was prepared and structurally as well as magnetically characterised. The crystallisation revealed the formation of two polymorphs - the orthorhombic 1A and the tetragonal form 1B. A third, intermediate phase 1C was found exhibiting a different orthorhombic space group. Reversibility of the ...
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