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Campbell Norm - - 2012
Increased blood pressure is a leading risk for premature death and disability. The causes of increased blood pressure are intuitive and well known. However, the fundamental basis and means for improving blood pressure control are highly integrated into our complex societal structure both inside and outside our health system and ...
Iqbal Zafar - - 2012
Photophysical and photochemical properties of a series of tetra- and octaglycosylated zinc phthalocyanines (ZnPcs) substituted with glucose and galactose moieties have been reported. Spectral properties of these phthalocyanines are compared in DMSO. Absorption spectra of the non-peripherally tetra-substituted ZnPcs 2 showed a significant red shift in their Q-band maxima as ...
Rosa A R - - 2012
Rosa AR, González-Ortega I, González-Pinto A, Echeburúa E, Comes M, Martínez-Àran A, Ugarte A, Fernández M, Vieta E. One-year psychosocial functioning in patients in the early vs. late stage of bipolar disorder. Objective:  The aim of this 1-year follow-up study was to compare functional outcome as well as clinical differences ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Infertility seems to be a great worldwide problem. Many publications present the epidemiology of infertility, but the percentage distribution of factors responsible for infertility varies significantly. The objective was to define infertility profiles in Poland assessed according to the information provided by 4 large infertility centers: Bialystok, Poznan, Szczecin ...
Schönherr C - - 2012
Neuroblastoma is a neural crest-derived embryonal tumour of the postganglionic sympathetic nervous system and a disease with several different chromosomal gains and losses, which include MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma on chromosome 2, deletions of parts of the chromosomes 1p and 11q, gain of parts of 17q and triploidy. Recently, activating mutations of ...
Singhal Aparna - - 2012
Neonatal testicular torsion is a rare entity, the exact etiology of which is not elucidated. Imaging is performed using color Doppler ultrasound and scintigraphic studies with typically diminished testicular flow on the side with torsion. We present a case of testicular torsion in a newborn with increased testicular vascularity demonstrated ...
Moore Benjamin N - - 2012
In biochemistry, free radicals are versatile species which can perform diverse functions including: signaling, synthesis, and destructive modification. It is of interest to understand how radicals behave within all biomolecules and specifically within peptides and proteins. The 20 standard amino acids contain a wide range of chemical structures, which give ...
Maetani Shinji - - 2012
The catalytic decarbonylation reaction of aliphatic carboxylic acids can be carried out in the presence of an iron complex, and it proceeds smoothly to give α-olefins with high selectivity.
Boehm Ryan D - - 2012
Microneedles are needle-like projections with microscale features that may be used for transdermal delivery of a variety of pharmacologic agents, including antibacterial agents. In the study described in this paper, an indirect rapid prototyping approach involving a combination of visible light dynamic mask micro-stereolithography and micromolding was used to prepare ...
Gudmundsson O - - 2012
The history of Icelandic psychiatry is in many ways comparable with neighboring countries. Mentally ill people were badly treated in the country and received no medical treatment until at the beginning of the 20th century. Kleppur Hospital for the mentally insane was built in 1907; hence the development was approximately ...
Vasica G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Total thyroidectomy, rather than bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy, is now accepted as the preferred management for bilateral benign multinodular goitre (BMNG) in order to reduce the need for reoperative surgery. The aim of this study was to examine whether this approach has had an impact on presentation for bilateral reoperative ...
Ting Hua-Nong - - 2012
The formant frequencies of Malaysian Malay children have not been well studied. This article investigates the first four formant frequencies of sustained vowels in 360 Malay children aged between 7 and 12 years using acoustical analysis. Generally, Malay female children had higher formant frequencies than those of their male counterparts. ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The "Proust phenomenon" occurs when a certain smell evokes a specific memory. Recent studies have demonstrated that odor-evoked autobiographic memories are more emotional than those elicited by other sensory stimuli because of the direct neural communication between the olfactory system and the amygdala. The amygdala is known to regulate ...
Suzuki Emiko - - 2012
Abstract: The aim of this review is to summarize the history of Dr. Yoshiki Hotta and his collaborators' contributions to the research field of Drosophila phototransduction. The electroretinogram-defective mutants reported in 1970 by Dr. Hotta and Dr. Seymour Benzer in the article entitled "Genetic dissection of the Drosophila nervous system ...
Peitzsch Mirko - - 2012
We compared the efficiency of some commercially available products and methods used for remediation of mould-contaminated building materials. Samples of gypsum board and pinewood were artificially contaminated with toxin-producing isolates of Stachybotrys chartarum and Aspergillus versicolor, respectively, then, ten different remediation treatments were applied according to the manufacturers' instructions. Microbial ...
Liu Bingqian - - 2012
A redox-active Au(iii)-assisted core-shell iron oxide@poly(o-phenylenediamine) nanostructure was designed as a sensing platform for ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of small molecules (ATP, used as a model here) by coupling with DNase I-catalyzed target recycling.
Pavelka Laura C - - 2012
The addition of 4-trifluoromethyl-1-ethynylbenzene, phenylacetylene, or 4-ethynylanisole to P-mesityldiphenylmethylenephosphine, 1, produced photoluminescent 1,2-dihydrophosphinines 4a-c, respectively, in quantitative yield via a [4 + 2] cycloaddition. Limited reactivity was observed between 1 and non-aromatic alkynes. P-[Bis(trimethylsilyl)amino][(trimethylsilyl)methylene]phosphine, 2, and P-mesityl[(t-butyl)(trimethylsiloxy)methylene]phosphine, 3, showed extremely limited reactivity with all alkynes examined. The reactivity of phosphaalkenes ...
Wolstenholme David J - - 2012
The solid-state structure of ammonia borane is held together by an intricate N-HH-B proton-hydride bonding network. These intermolecular interactions have long been considered to mediate the release of hydrogen from this material. Here we reveal the silent but important role played by B-HH-B interactions in the thermal decomposition of this ...
Borges Boniek Castillo Dutra - - 2012
Abstract Aim. This study aimed to characterize the morphology of filler particles and to analyze the effect of shortened and extended photoactivation times on hardness (VHN) and cross-link density (CLD) of resin-based low-viscosity materials. Methods. Sixteen commercially available materials were tested: four fissure sealants (Alpha Seal, Fluroshield Yellowed, Bioseal and ...
An Jung-Sub - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. This study was conducted to determine the minimum thickness of opaque-shade composite resin required to mask discolored tooth structures or darkness of the oral cavity and to determine the effect of the brand and shade of composite resins on masking ability and translucency. Materials and methods. Discs and ...
Humelnicu Ionel - - 2012
Quantum chemical calculations (DFT, SCS-MP2) show that the relative energies of the four principal alanine conformations are only marginally altered by the introduction of a single fluorine substituent into the methyl group. The fluorine gauche effect and attractive interactions of fluorine to the O-H or N-H moieties (formation of hydrogen ...
Leunissen Inge - - 2012
The ability to suppress and flexibly adapt motor behavior is a fundamental mechanism of cognitive control, which is impaired in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Here, we used a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion weighted imaging tractography to study changes in brain function and structure associated with motor ...
- - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremia is a common sodium dysbalance in neurointensive care which is associated with worse outcome. It can be caused by central diabetes insipidus (cDI) or by other mechanisms, more often from osmotherapy and furosemide. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of cDI and to analyse ...
Yang Yang - - 2012
At an acidic pH, cytosine-rich DNA strands can form i-motif tetramers. Pillar-like DNA structures are self-assembled with such i-motifs as the central stems. The central stem has some overhanging structures that can enable hybridization with complementary units by Watson-Crick pairing and, thus, multiple i-motifs can join to form the pillar.
Berg Einar - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The aim was to investigate to what extent denture wearers were satisfied with the ambient care (care) received. Materials and methods. A study sample of 117 completely edentulous and 56 partially edentulous patients, who had received their dentures in the period 1997-2005 at Bergen School of Dentistry, completed ...
Park Ran Sook - - 2012
This study was conducted to investigate the biocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Ca ternary alloy as a biodegradable material. The casting alloy underwent anodization in an alkaline electrolyte at current density 300 mA/cm(2) and frequency 50 Hz to obtain porous oxide layer. Plasma anodization film using pulse was shown to form irregular porous ...
Fan Simiao - - 2012
Abstract Silibinin is an active constituent extracted from blessed milk thistle (Silybum marianum). Our previous study demonstrated that silibinin induced autophagy and apoptosis via reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HeLa cells. In this study, we investigated whether the autophagy- and apoptosis-associated molecules also involved in ROS generation. Silibinin promoted ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Objectives: In our earlier paper we demonstrated that opening of the blood-brain barrier with an osmotic insult induces brain oedema which represents a factor triggering axonal impairment accompanied with myelin disintegration. The aim of the present study was to find whether methylprednisolone can reduce such axonal impairment in our ...
Arrieta-Bolaños E - - 2012
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a medical procedure used to treat malignant and nonmalignant haematological diseases, congenital immunodeficiency syndromes, solid tumours and metabolic diseases. Despite its usefulness, several major complications, such as graft-versus-host disease, can negatively affect patients treated with HSCT. Apart from clinical factors well known to affect ...
Kruk Mikalai M - - 2012
Laser-induced optoacoustic spectroscopy was applied to evaluate the photoinduced structural volume changes upon triplet state formation, Δ(T)V, of an aqueous solution of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(4-carboxyphenyl)-porphin. Two molecular forms differing in the ionization state of the carboxylic groups at the para-position of the phenyl ring were studied. The contractions, Δ(T)V, for all water-soluble ...
Lisi Matteo - - 2012
A 44-year-old woman, who had undergone orthotopic cardiac transplantation in 1999, presented acute allograft rejection 4 months after childbirth. Analysis of myocardial deformation by speckle tracking echocardiography showed, in contrast with traditional markers of systolic function, a strong reduction of left ventricular strain, which recovered, together with rejection, under pharmacological ...
Salitroš Ivan - - 2012
The mononuclear compound (1) [Fe(II)(L)(2)](BF(4))(2) (L = 4-ethynyl-2,6-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine) was prepared and structurally as well as magnetically characterised. The crystallisation revealed the formation of two polymorphs - the orthorhombic 1A and the tetragonal form 1B. A third, intermediate phase 1C was found exhibiting a different orthorhombic space group. Reversibility of the ...
Zhou Jian - - 2012
One novel 1-D europium thioindate-thioantimonate {[Eu(tepa)](2)[μ(2)-SbS(3)](μ(2)-H(2)O)}[Eu(tepa)In(4)S(9)]·0.25tepa (1, tepa = tetraethylenepentamine) has been solvothermally synthesized. 1 represents the first example of the coordination of a soft Lewis basic 1-D polymeric [In(4)S(9)(6-)](n) ligand to a hard Lewis acidic Eu(3+) ion. The wide-band-gap semiconductor and photoluminescence properties of 1 have been investigated.
Ye Xianggui - - 2012
It is well known that chemically patterned substrates can direct the assembly of adsorbed layers or thin films of block copolymers. For a cylinder-forming diblock copolymer on periodically spot-patterned substrates, the morphology of the block copolymer follows the pattern at the substrate; however, with different periodic spacing and spot size ...
Trinchera Piera - - 2012
Herein we report a new straightforward synthesis of cis and trans 2,5-disubstituted N,N-dialkylpiperazines, even in enantioenriched form, by reacting non-activated N-alkyl arylaziridines in the presence of a catalytic amount of a Lewis acid. A stereochemical and NMR investigation revealed useful mechanistic insights for this process.
Martinotti Valter - - 2012
A flow injection analyser coupled with a gas diffusion membrane and a conductometric microdetector was adapted for the field analysis of natural concentrations of free dissolved CO(2) and dissolved inorganic carbon in natural waters and used in a number of field campaigns for marine water monitoring. The dissolved gaseous CO(2) ...
Niknafs Shahram - - 2012
Native chicken breeding station of Mazandaran was established in 1988 with two main objectives: genetic improvement through selection programs and dissemination of indigenous Mazandarani birds. (Co)variance components and genetic parameters for economically important traits were estimated using (bi) univariate animal models with ASREML procedure in Mazandarani native chicken. The data ...
Daeneke Torben - - 2012
Solar energy conversion efficiencies of over 4% have been achieved in DSCs constructed with aqueous electrolytes based on the ferricyanide-ferrocyanide redox couple, thereby avoiding the use of expensive, flammable and toxic solvents. This paradigm shift was made possible by the use of a hydrophobic organic carbazole dye.
Marchand William R - - 2012
The primary aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of the functional architecture of the cortico-basal ganglia circuitry during motor task execution. Twenty right-handed female subjects without any history of neuropsychiatric illness underwent fMRI at 3 T. The activation paradigm was a complex motor task completed with the ...
- - 2012
Introduction: Untreated congenital hypopituitarism in adult patient is - nowadays - a very rare observation. Case: A 52 years old female patient, was referred to the Department of Psychiatry for psychotic symptoms, manifested as auditory pseudohallucinations with delusional interpretation, significant psychomotor agitation, anosognosia, attempts of symptom dissimulation and negativism. At ...
Hrdina Radim - - 2012
Multicatalysts consisting of non-natural oligopeptides with distinctly different catalytic moieties create molecular complexity in a multistep one-pot sequence starting from simple alkenes yielding highly enantiomerically enriched trans-diols.
Stramare Roberto - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess synovial microvascularity in finger joints with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), distinguishing between cases of active disease and those in remission; to standardize the technique for software analysis. METHODS.: Fifty-two finger joints of RA patients (26 with active disease and 26 in remission) were immersed ...
Botta Sergio B - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the chemical interaction of collagen with some substances usually applied in dental treatments to increase the durability of adhesive restorations to dentin. Initially, the similarity between human dentin collagen and type I collagen obtained from commercial bovine membranes of Achilles deep tendon was compared by ...
Fu Heyun - - 2012
A novel fiber coated with silicalite-1 for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was prepared by in-situ hydrothermal growth method. Six substituted benzenes (nitrobenzene, p-dichlorobenzene, m-dichlorobenzene, 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, p-chloronitrobenzene, and m-chloronitrobenzene) were employed as model analytes. The fiber exhibited high thermal stability (little weight loss up to 600 °C) and high chemical stability (no ...
Moore A - - 2012
Endoscopic hypopharyngeal diverticulotomy is now largely performed using an endoscopic stapling device. A poorly applied endoscopic stapling device can result in incomplete division of the cricopharyngeal bar, necessitating the application of a second set of staples. Applying more than one set of staples is associated with an increased risk of ...
Lin Yu-Chuan - - 2012
We report that copper thin films deposited on top of graphene oxide (GO) serve as an effective catalyst to reduce GO sheets in a diluted hydrogen environment at high temperature. The reduced GO (rGO) sheets exhibit higher effective field-effect hole mobility, up to 80 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), and lower sheet ...
Nakamoto Kohei - - 2012
In this paper, we describe our development of an electrochemical surface plasmon resonance (EC-SPR) measurement device based on a bottom-filled gold nanohole array. The polymer based gold nanohole array was fabricated with a UV nanoimprint technique and electron beam gold deposition. Direct reflection mode measurement was used to monitor the ...
Pal Kunal - - 2012
The effect of preferential solvation on the exciplex luminescence detected magnetic field effect has been studied using magnetic-field-effect-on-reaction-yield (MARY) spectroscopy. By designing solvent mixtures which can provide a micro-environment around the magneto-sensitive radical ion pair (RIP) from highly heterogeneous to quasi-homogenous, the effect of the polarity scan on an absolute ...
Nielsen René Ernst - - 2012
Background: This overview is aimed at clinicians working with patients in the fertile age who suffer from depressive disorders. The study of adverse effects of antidepressants on the foetus is hampered by difficulty in distinguishing between the behavioural changes that are related to the disorder itself and changes that accompany ...
Park Jin-Sung - - 2012
Platinum-based anti-cancer drugs form a major family of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Cisplatin, the first member of the family, remains a potent anti-cancer drug and exhibits its clinical effect by inducing local DNA kinks and subsequently interfering with DNA metabolism. Although its mechanism is reasonably well understood, effects of intracellular ions ...
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