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Results 201 - 250 of 2454
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Patton R A - - 2012
Literature was searched for studies performed in adult dairy cattle that simultaneously measured starch degradability in the rumen (RSDeg) and starch digestion in the total tract to compute postruminal starch digestion (PRSDig). Forty-one studies with 161 dietary treatments were used to form the data set. Of these diets, the major ...
Kempker Russell R RR Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. - - 2012
The global emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis has led to the re-examination of surgery as a possible adjunctive treatment. We present the case of a 26-year-old HIV-seronegative patient with XDR pulmonary tuberculosis refractory to medical therapy. Surgical resection of the patient's solitary cavitary lesion ...
Ishi Yukitomo - - 2012
A 50-year-old female presented with headache symptoms and left hemifacial paresis. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance images demonstrated a right frontal lobe tumor with hemorrhage and calcification. A gross total resection was carried out. Pathologically, the tumor exhibited three kinds of structures. The first was an astrocytic area which ...
de Souza Silveira Cristine D - - 2012
This paper proposes a new analytical procedure based on the headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) technique and gas chromatography-selected ion monitoring-mass spectrometry (GC-SIM-MS) for the determination of 16 phenols extracted from leather samples. The optimized conditions for the HS-SPME were obtained through two experimental designs - a two-level fractional factorial design ...
Faye T - - 2012
In the present study, the survival of 9 lactic acid bacteria (5 Lactococcus strains, 3 Lactobacillus strains, and 1 strain of Enterococcus hirae), was investigated in vitro under conditions similar to human digestion using human gastric and duodenal juices. The tolerance of the bacteria was also tested with traditional methods ...
Erskine R J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the herd-level effect of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection on dairy production, culling, and cow longevity. During routine herd testing, Dairy Herd Improvement Association technicians collected milk samples from about 40 cows from each of 104 randomly selected Michigan dairy herds averaging ...
Lassen J - - 2012
Individual methane (CH(4)) production was recorded repeatedly on 93 dairy cows during milking in an automatic milking system (AMS), with the aim of estimating individual cow differences in CH(4) production. Methane and CO(2) were measured with a portable air sampler and analyzer unit based on Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) detection. ...
Geissler William B - - 2012
Peripheral tears to the articular disk of the triangular fibrocartilage complex are fairly common. Patients complain of ulnar-sided wrist pain with ulnar deviation and forearmrotation along the prestyloid recess. The peripheral tears of the articular disk are amenable to arthroscopic repair due to its blood supply. All-arthroscopic knotless repair of ...
Zhu Tracy Y - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical, autoimmune, multisystem disease characterized by chronic inflammation in multiple organs. SLE can cause significant and potentially irreversible morbidity, stemming from the relapsing-remitting disease course, the undesirable changes in appearance and the side effects of medication. The prolonged life expectancy and increased prevalence of ...
Karjalainen T - - 2012
New, stronger suture materials have been introduced for flexor tendon surgery. The advantage of these materials can be lost if the suture loop pulls out from the tendon. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of various locking loops to grip the tendon. We inserted 4 different ...
Tanaka Y - - 2012
In mammals, a prolonged delivery time during parturition is dangerous for both mother and fetus, although the mechanisms that prolong delivery are unclear. To investigate whether nutrition affects delivery time, we administered two feeds containing maintenance (L-feed) or higher (H-feed) levels of energy and protein at different points during the ...
Brown Haywood - - 2012
The maternal-fetal medicine subspecialist plays a critical role in the evaluation and management of women with obstetrical and medical comorbidities. These women have a higher risk for obstetrical morbidity, "near miss," and maternal mortality. Maternal death surveillance is essential to understand the factors that contribute to maternal mortality. Maternal-fetal medicine ...
Wilhere George F - - 2012
Policy advocacy is an issue regularly debated among conservation scientists. These debates have focused on intentional policy advocacy by scientists, but advocacy can also be unintentional. I define inadvertent policy advocacy as the act of unintentionally expressing personal policy preferences or ethical judgments in a way that is nearly indistinguishable ...
Su G - - 2012
This study investigated the accuracy of direct genomic breeding values (DGV) using a genomic BLUP model, genomic enhanced breeding values (GEBV) using a one-step blending approach, and GEBV using a selection index blending approach for 15 traits of Nordic Red Cattle. The data comprised 6,631 bulls of which 4,408 bulls ...
Abuelkhair Mohammed - - 2012
Introduction: Pharmaceutical expenditure has risen rapidly in Abu Dhabi, resulting in policies surrounding generics. However, various circumstances will reduce potential savings, including pharmacists still being free to dispense either originator or branded generics and be fully reimbursed. Objectives: To research the changes in utilization patterns of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) ...
Cui Jin - - 2012
Porcine parvovirus (PPV) isolate PPV2010 has recently emerged in China. Herein, we analyze the complete genome sequence of PPV2010. Our results indicate that the genome of PPV2010 bears mixed characteristics of virulent PPV and vaccine strains. Importantly, PPV2010 has the potential to be a naturally attenuated candidate vaccine strain.
Kershaw-Young Claire M - - 2012
The viscous nature of alpaca semen limits its use in cryopreservation and other assisted reproductive technologies. The cause and source of this viscosity is unknown although it has been postulated, but never proven, that glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) secreted by the bulbourethral gland are responsible. The present study investigated the concentration and ...
Romero Vivian Carolina - - 2012
Maternal mortality is an important indicator of adequacy of health care in our society. Improvements in the obstetric care system as well as advances in technology have contributed to reduction in maternal mortality rates. Trauma complicates up to 7% of all pregnancies and has emerged as the leading cause of ...
Hatfull Graham F GF Pittsburgh Bacteriophage Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2012
Bacteriophages are the most numerous biological entities in the biosphere, and although their genetic diversity is high, it remains ill defined. Mycobacteriophages-the viruses of mycobacterial hosts-provide insights into this diversity as well as tools for manipulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report here the complete genome sequences of 138 new mycobacteriophages, which-together ...
Riesen Sabine C - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the effects of the pacemaker funny current (I(f)) inhibitor ivabradine on heart rate (HR), left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, and left atrial performance in healthy cats and cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Animals-6 healthy cats and 6 cats with subclinical HCM. Procedures-Anesthetized cats underwent cardiac catheterization ...
Tagariello A - - 2012
In patients with congenital heart defects, chromosomal anomalies are 100 times more frequent than in control subjects. Coarctation of the aorta can be detected in 15-20% of patients with Ullrich-Turner syndrome. By extensively reviewing literature involving breakpoint analysis of gonosomal deletions in Ullrich- Turner syndrome patients with and without coarctation ...
Giordano J O - - 2012
The objective was to determine if using a Double-Ovsynch protocol [DO; Pre-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-3 d-GnRH, 7 d later Breeding-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-56 h-GnRH-16 h-timed artificial insemination (TAI)] to resynchronize ovulation after a previous TAI would increase synchrony and pregnancies per AI (P/AI) compared with an Ovsynch protocol initiated 32 d after ...
Guan Wei - - 2012
The novel surface molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) as the template has been prepared and used as the adsorbent for the solid-phase extraction (SPE). The selectivity of the polymer was checked toward several selected nitrophenols (NPs) such as 2-NP, 3-nitrophenol (3-NP), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP). Under the ...
Greenlee Heather - - 2012
To review the clinical trial literature on the use and effects of natural products for cancer prevention. Clinical trials published in PubMed. There is a growing body of literature on the use of natural products for cancer prevention. To date, few trials have demonstrated conclusive benefit. Current guidelines recommend against ...
Al-Nadaf Sami - - 2012
Objective-To compare results of single-point kinetic gait analysis (peak and impulse) with those of complete gait waveform analysis. Animals-15 healthy adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-Dogs were trotted across 2 force platforms (velocity, 1.7 to 2.1 m/s; acceleration and deceleration, 0.5 m/s(2)). Five valid trials were recorded on each testing day. Testing ...
Bath Peter A - - 2012
The 15th International Symposium for Health Information Management Research (ISHIMR) was organized jointly by University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland), the University of St Gallen (St Gallen, Switzerland) and the University of Sheffield (Sheffield, UK). Participants included researchers, healthcare professionals, health service managers and planners. The aim of the ISHIMR series of ...
Barton Debra L - - 2012
To review clinical trials in natural products and mind-body therapies for oncology symptom management, to discuss issues related to developing clinical trials in this area, and outline examples of rigorous and innovative study design. Peer reviewed literature. Most of the evidence for the integrative therapies reviewed is derived from phase ...
Revicki Dennis A - - 2012
In this article, we will focus on how preferences and utilities are measured, including the strengths and limitations of various approaches, discuss their use in estimating quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and make some recommendations for further research. Preferences are either measured using direct (visual analog scale, time trade-off or standard gamble) ...
Samanidou Victoria - - 2012
Herein, a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of 15 phenolic antioxidants: flavan-3-ols, (-)-epigallocatechin, (+)-catechin, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epicatechin gallate, (-)-gallocatechin, a phenolic acid (gallic acid), a hydroxycinnamic acid (chlorogenic acid), flavones (apigenin), flavonols (kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin), and purine alkaloids (caffeine theophylline, ...
Reader Karen L - - 2012
Booroola ewes homozygous (BB) for a mutation in the bone morphogenetic protein receptor-1b (BMPR1B) gene exhibit higher ovulation rates, have larger diameter oocytes at earlier stages of follicular development (i.e. Type 3) and smaller diameter follicles at ovulation than wild-type (++) sheep. However, it is not known when BMPR1B is ...
Zhu D - - 2012
The yellow color of Cheddar cheese whey arises from a residual amount of annatto that partitions into the whey during Cheddar cheese manufacture. Bleaching of the color using hydrogen peroxide or benzoyl peroxide is often a prerequisite to produce an acceptable neutral-colored whey protein concentrate and isolate. However, the use ...
Izumo Tsuyoshi - - 2012
A 67-year-old man presented a three-month history of double vision and slight numbness at his right forehead. Neurological examination on admission demonstrated diplopia at lower gaze and mild hypesthesia at right frontal. MRI disclosed an extraconal cystic mass, centered over the superior rectus muscle, in the superior part of the ...
Guan Y-G - - 2012
The Maillard reaction always occurs during the thermal processing of dairy products, which significantly influences their quality. In the present study, the initial stages of a glucose-proline model system were investigated in water and different types of buffer solutions. Results showed that phosphate buffer accelerated the reversible degradation of the ...
Nissimov Jozef I - - 2012
Emiliania huxleyi virus 202 (EhV-202) is a member of the Coccolithoviridae, a group of viruses that infect the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. EhV-202 has a 160- to 180-nm-diameter icosahedral structure and a genome of approximately 407 kbp, consisting of 485 coding sequences (CDSs). Here we describe the genomic features of ...
O'Donnell David H - - 2012
Recent technologic advances in cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have resulted in images with high spatial and temporal resolution and excellent myocardial tissue characterization. Cardiac MR is a valuable imaging technique for detection and assessment of the morphology and functional characteristics of the nonischemic cardiomyopathy. It has gained acceptance as ...
Dorji - - 2012
The present study was carried out to compare the gene expression profiles of in vitro-generated embryos derived from adult and prepubertal Japanese Black cattle oocytes using GeneChip Bovine Genome Array (containing 24072 probe sets representing over 23000 transcripts). Microarray experiments were performed on populations of 8- to 16-cell stage embryos ...
van Rijsingen Ingrid A W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors that predict malignant ventricular arrhythmias (MVA) in Lamin A/C (LMNA) mutation carriers. LMNA mutations cause a variety of clinical phenotypes, including dilated cardiomyopathy and conduction disease. Many LMNA mutation carriers have a poor prognosis, because of a high frequency of ...
Rubin Jonathan J Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between hyperglycemia and subclinical myocardial injury in persons without clinically evident coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiac events, but limited information is available on its relationship to subclinical myocardial damage. Elevated cardiac troponin ...
Tartière-Kesri Lamia - - 2012
This study sought to demonstrate that arterial stiffness is probably underestimated in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) at rest and may be revealed with moderate exercise. HFpEF is associated with ventriculoarterial stiffening. We compared 23 patients with stable chronic HFpEF, left ventricular ejection fraction >45%, and ...
Wang Songlin S Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607, - - 2012
Solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is a widely used technique in biology and chemistry. However, the synthesis yield in SPPS often drops drastically for longer amino acid sequences, presumably because of the occurrence of incomplete coupling reactions. The underlying cause for this problem is hypothesized to be a sequence-dependent propensity to ...
Conti C Richard - - 2012
Myocardial ischemia can occur without overt symptoms. In fact, asymptomatic (or silent) ST-segment depression during ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring occurs more often than symptomatic ST-segment depression in patients with coronary artery disease. Initial studies documented that silent ischemia provided independent prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with known and unknown coronary ...
Schwartzenberg Shmuel - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare hemodynamic responses to vasodilator therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) versus HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). There is no proven therapy for HFpEF. In the absence of data, medicines with established benefit in HFrEF such ...
Hachamovitch Rory - - 2012
This study examined short-term cardiac catheterization rates and medication changes after cardiac imaging. Noninvasive cardiac imaging is widely used in coronary artery disease, but its effects on subsequent patient management are unclear. We assessed the 90-day post-test rates of catheterization and medication changes in a prospective registry of 1,703 patients ...
Cecelja Marina M King's College London, British Heart Foundation Centre, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United - - 2012
The goal of this study was to examine the progression of central arterial pulse pressure (cPP) in women and the degree to which this can be reversed by nitrovasodilation. cPP can be partitioned into height of the first systolic shoulder (P1), generated by a forward pressure wave and related to ...
Zhu Xia - - 2012
The occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) caused by Prorocentrum minimum (Pavillard) Schiller is a crucial subject in the study of HABs. An electrochemiluminescence-molecular probe assay (ECL-MP) was developed to qualitatively and quantitatively detect P. minimum. It was based on the sandwich hybridization integrated with a nuclease protection assay (NPA-SH) ...
Rochon Caroline - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In this study, we ask between patients with graft failure listed for retransplant and patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) outside of UCSF criteria, who has the greater survival benefit with transplantation? METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis, of liver transplant (LT) patients, done between February 2002 and December 2009 ...
Ge Meili - - 2012
Although all patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) have acquired mutations in the phosphatidylinositol glycan class-A(PIG-A)gene, their clinical courses are highly variable. We reviewed 280 PNH cases referred to our hospital from January 1990 through June 2010 to assess clinical presentations, prognostic factors influencing survival, difference among subcategories, and clinical ...
Brase C - - 2012
A 33-year old patient presented at our outpatient department with pulse-synchronous tinnitus in the left ear of several years' standing. Examination of the left ear showed a neoplasm at the base of the meatus in front of the ear drum. In addition, there was paresis of the right hypoglossal nerve ...
Rozanski Verena Eveline - - 2012
We report the case of a patient who developed acute transient psychosis after implantation, but not activation of pallidal deep brain electrodes for generalised dystonia. Psychotic symptoms coincided temporally with postoperative motor improvement induced by the microlesion effect after electode implantation. This finding suggests that the microlesion effect may not ...
Klotz T - - 2012
Cancers of the rete testis are uncommon and usually occur in the 6th or 7th decade of life. The prognosis is dreadful. Approx. 40% of the affected patients die within 1 year after diagnosis due to progression of the disease. The primary therapy is surgical. Until now there is no effective ...
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