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Results 201 - 250 of 2454
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Berg Cynthia J - - 2012
The maternal mortality review process is an ongoing quality improvement cycle with 5 steps: identification of maternal deaths, collection of medical and other data on the events surrounding the death, review and synthesis of the data to identify potentially alterable factors, the development and implementation of interventions to decrease the ...
Faye T - - 2012
In the present study, the survival of 9 lactic acid bacteria (5 Lactococcus strains, 3 Lactobacillus strains, and 1 strain of Enterococcus hirae), was investigated in vitro under conditions similar to human digestion using human gastric and duodenal juices. The tolerance of the bacteria was also tested with traditional methods ...
Erskine R J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the herd-level effect of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection on dairy production, culling, and cow longevity. During routine herd testing, Dairy Herd Improvement Association technicians collected milk samples from about 40 cows from each of 104 randomly selected Michigan dairy herds averaging ...
Lassen J - - 2012
Individual methane (CH(4)) production was recorded repeatedly on 93 dairy cows during milking in an automatic milking system (AMS), with the aim of estimating individual cow differences in CH(4) production. Methane and CO(2) were measured with a portable air sampler and analyzer unit based on Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) detection. ...
Geissler William B - - 2012
Peripheral tears to the articular disk of the triangular fibrocartilage complex are fairly common. Patients complain of ulnar-sided wrist pain with ulnar deviation and forearmrotation along the prestyloid recess. The peripheral tears of the articular disk are amenable to arthroscopic repair due to its blood supply. All-arthroscopic knotless repair of ...
Scheetz Danielle - - 2012
The reason ovarian function and fertility are diminished in women with a low antral follicle count (AFC), despite significant numbers of follicles remaining in ovaries, is unknown. The bovine model is unique to address this question because cattle and women with a low AFC exhibit similar phenotypic characteristics including a ...
Main Elliott K - - 2012
Maternal mortality is a current and important issue for obstetrics. The challenge is to structure case reviews so that they develop real data that can inform and direct quality improvement activities. In this article, we describe a series of decisions we have made in California to organize and run our ...
Martin Tara G - - 2012
  Expert knowledge is used widely in the science and practice of conservation because of the complexity of problems, relative lack of data, and the imminent nature of many conservation decisions. Expert knowledge is substantive information on a particular topic that is not widely known by others. An expert is ...
Toral P G - - 2012
Supplementation of ruminant diets with plant oils and marine lipids is an effective strategy for lowering saturated fatty acid (FA) content and increasing the concentration of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid and long-chain n-3 FA in ruminant milk. However, changes in populations of ruminal microorganisms associated with altered biohydrogenation of dietary ...
Arriola K G - - 2012
This study determined effects of maturity, stay-green (SG) ranking, and hybrid source on dry matter (DM) yield, nutritive value, fermentation, and aerobic stability of corn hybrids. One high stay-green (HSG) hybrid and one average stay-green (ASG) hybrid with similar relative maturity (117 d) from each of 2 seed companies (Croplan ...
Bauer-Wu Susan - - 2012
To provide an overview of key issues and resources related to complementary and alternative medical (CAM) and integrative approaches in cancer care. Peer-reviewed publications and web sites of professional, federal, and academic institutions and organizations. The field of integrative oncology is growing and research evidence in this area is burgeoning. ...
Millier Aurelie - - 2012
A review of worldwide economic evaluations of pertussis booster vaccination for adolescents and adults was conducted. Thirteen cost-effectiveness, cost-utility and economic impact models were identified. The most frequently studied strategies were adolescent booster, one-time adult booster, adult decennial boosters and cocoon strategy. All studies evaluating adolescent booster suggested this was ...
Ramírez Noelia - - 2012
This study focuses on a method for simultaneously determining personal care products in a wide range of polarities in different water matrices. The method is based on stir-bar sorptive extraction followed by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Prior to extraction, the parabens were acetylated to improve their affinity for the polydimethylsiloxane ...
Riesen Sabine C - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the effects of the pacemaker funny current (I(f)) inhibitor ivabradine on heart rate (HR), left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, and left atrial performance in healthy cats and cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Animals-6 healthy cats and 6 cats with subclinical HCM. Procedures-Anesthetized cats underwent cardiac catheterization ...
Tagariello A - - 2012
In patients with congenital heart defects, chromosomal anomalies are 100 times more frequent than in control subjects. Coarctation of the aorta can be detected in 15-20% of patients with Ullrich-Turner syndrome. By extensively reviewing literature involving breakpoint analysis of gonosomal deletions in Ullrich- Turner syndrome patients with and without coarctation ...
Giordano J O - - 2012
The objective was to determine if using a Double-Ovsynch protocol [DO; Pre-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-3 d-GnRH, 7 d later Breeding-Resynch: GnRH-7 d-PGF(2α)-56 h-GnRH-16 h-timed artificial insemination (TAI)] to resynchronize ovulation after a previous TAI would increase synchrony and pregnancies per AI (P/AI) compared with an Ovsynch protocol initiated 32 d after ...
Guan Wei - - 2012
The novel surface molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) as the template has been prepared and used as the adsorbent for the solid-phase extraction (SPE). The selectivity of the polymer was checked toward several selected nitrophenols (NPs) such as 2-NP, 3-nitrophenol (3-NP), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP). Under the ...
Fearon P - - 2012
Evaluation of: Nelson RE, Saltzman GM, Skalabrin EJ, Demaerschalk BM, Majersik JJ. The cost-effectiveness of telestroke in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke. Neurology 77, 1590-1598 (2011). The clinical efficacy of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute ischemic stroke is proven, and the cost-efficacy of tPA is realized through ...
Corbett Erik M - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether vaccine virus can be detected by use of reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR assays for pooled and individual skin samples obtained from cattle after vaccination with a commercially available modified-live bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) vaccine. Animals-12 BVDV-seropositive steer calves and 7 BVDV-seronegative (antibody titer < 1:4) heifers; all ...
Ster C - - 2012
The periparturient period is marked by metabolic, hormonal, and immunological changes, which have an effect on the incidence of infectious and metabolic diseases. In a previous study, a slower increase in milk production was induced by milking cows once daily during the first week of lactation, leading to an improvement ...
Chamberlain A J - - 2012
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations with milk production traits found to be significant in different screening experiments, including SNP in genes hypothesized to be in gene pathways affecting milk production, were tested in a validation population to confirm their association. In total, 423 SNP were genotyped across 411 Holstein bulls, ...
Wu Hengfu - - 2012
The "coarse-grained" bead modeling methodology, BMM, is generalized to treat electrostatics at the level of the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation. This improvement makes it more applicable to the important class of highly charged macroions and highly charged peptides in particular. In the present study, the new nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann, NLPB-BMM procedure is ...
Lewis Gwyneth - - 2012
The actions that have followed the recommendations of successive publications of the UK Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths have helped save mothers' lives and reduced ill health and morbidity. Through the implementation of their recommendations, they have helped improve access to, and the quality of, the maternity care provided for ...
Barrera Jessica S - - 2012
To compare the bursting strength of a vessel sealant device (VSD) with that of an encircling suture on uterine horns and bodies from dogs. Uteri from 24 shelter dogs with unknown reproductive histories. PROCEDURES-Uterine horns and bodies were allocated to groups to be sealed with suture or a VSD. Uteri ...
Cantor James M - - 2012
Whether homosexuality should be described as one among many paraphilic sexual interests or an altogether different dimension of sexual interest has long been discussed in terms of its political and social implications. The present article examined the question instead by comparing the major correlates and other features of homosexuality and ...
Cao Xueli - - 2012
Counter-current chromatography (CCC) was investigated as a new sample pretreatment method for the determination of trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water environmental samples. The experiment was performed with a non-aqueous binary two-phase solvent system composed of n-heptane and acetonitrile. The CCC column was first filled with the upper stationary ...
Cui Jin - - 2012
Porcine parvovirus (PPV) isolate PPV2010 has recently emerged in China. Herein, we analyze the complete genome sequence of PPV2010. Our results indicate that the genome of PPV2010 bears mixed characteristics of virulent PPV and vaccine strains. Importantly, PPV2010 has the potential to be a naturally attenuated candidate vaccine strain.
Nissimov Jozef I - - 2012
Emiliania huxleyi virus 202 (EhV-202) is a member of the Coccolithoviridae, a group of viruses that infect the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. EhV-202 has a 160- to 180-nm-diameter icosahedral structure and a genome of approximately 407 kbp, consisting of 485 coding sequences (CDSs). Here we describe the genomic features of ...
Seth Mayank - - 2012
To compare accuracy and ease of use of a card agglutination assay, an immunochromatographic cartridge method, and a gel-based method for canine blood typing. Blood samples from 52 healthy blood donor dogs, 10 dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA), and 29 dogs with other diseases. Blood samples were tested in ...
Zalvidea S - - 2012
Prevention of adverse cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) remains a therapeutic challenge. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are a well-established first-line treatment. ACE-I delay fibrosis, but little is known about their molecular effects on cardiomyocytes. We investigated the effects of the ACE-I delapril on cardiomyocytes in a mouse model of ...
Greenlee Heather - - 2012
To review the clinical trial literature on the use and effects of natural products for cancer prevention. Clinical trials published in PubMed. There is a growing body of literature on the use of natural products for cancer prevention. To date, few trials have demonstrated conclusive benefit. Current guidelines recommend against ...
Hatfull Graham F GF Pittsburgh Bacteriophage Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2012
Bacteriophages are the most numerous biological entities in the biosphere, and although their genetic diversity is high, it remains ill defined. Mycobacteriophages-the viruses of mycobacterial hosts-provide insights into this diversity as well as tools for manipulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report here the complete genome sequences of 138 new mycobacteriophages, which-together ...
Bennie Marion M Strathclyde Institute for Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, - - 2012
Multiple and intensive demand measures in Scotland have appreciably enhanced prescribing efficiency for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and statins in 2007 versus 2001. Statin utilization enhanced by measures to increase doses prescribed, including the Quality and Outcome Framework (QoF). Ascertain whether the plethora of measures continue to enhance prescribing efficiency ...
Kempker Russell R RR Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. - - 2012
The global emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis has led to the re-examination of surgery as a possible adjunctive treatment. We present the case of a 26-year-old HIV-seronegative patient with XDR pulmonary tuberculosis refractory to medical therapy. Surgical resection of the patient's solitary cavitary lesion ...
Zhang G G Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Yantai University, Yantai, Shandong Province 264005, China. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that administration of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol present in abundance in widely consumed tea, inhibits cell proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis in breast cancer patients. EGCG in 400 mg capsules was orally administered three times daily to breast cancer patients undergoing ...
Das M M Cardiovascular Medicine, The Dorothy M Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA. - - 2012
Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) plays an important role in the regulation of a variety of immune cells, including monocytes. We have previously shown that KLF2 inhibits proinflammatory activation of monocytes. However, the role of KLF2 in arthritis is yet to be investigated. In the current study, we show that recruitment ...
Tartière-Kesri Lamia - - 2012
This study sought to demonstrate that arterial stiffness is probably underestimated in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) at rest and may be revealed with moderate exercise. HFpEF is associated with ventriculoarterial stiffening. We compared 23 patients with stable chronic HFpEF, left ventricular ejection fraction >45%, and ...
Schwartzenberg Shmuel - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare hemodynamic responses to vasodilator therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) versus HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). There is no proven therapy for HFpEF. In the absence of data, medicines with established benefit in HFrEF such ...
Conti C Richard - - 2012
Myocardial ischemia can occur without overt symptoms. In fact, asymptomatic (or silent) ST-segment depression during ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring occurs more often than symptomatic ST-segment depression in patients with coronary artery disease. Initial studies documented that silent ischemia provided independent prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with known and unknown coronary ...
van Rijsingen Ingrid A W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors that predict malignant ventricular arrhythmias (MVA) in Lamin A/C (LMNA) mutation carriers. LMNA mutations cause a variety of clinical phenotypes, including dilated cardiomyopathy and conduction disease. Many LMNA mutation carriers have a poor prognosis, because of a high frequency of ...
Hachamovitch Rory - - 2012
This study examined short-term cardiac catheterization rates and medication changes after cardiac imaging. Noninvasive cardiac imaging is widely used in coronary artery disease, but its effects on subsequent patient management are unclear. We assessed the 90-day post-test rates of catheterization and medication changes in a prospective registry of 1,703 patients ...
Wang Songlin S Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607, - - 2012
Solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is a widely used technique in biology and chemistry. However, the synthesis yield in SPPS often drops drastically for longer amino acid sequences, presumably because of the occurrence of incomplete coupling reactions. The underlying cause for this problem is hypothesized to be a sequence-dependent propensity to ...
Cecelja Marina M King's College London, British Heart Foundation Centre, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United - - 2012
The goal of this study was to examine the progression of central arterial pulse pressure (cPP) in women and the degree to which this can be reversed by nitrovasodilation. cPP can be partitioned into height of the first systolic shoulder (P1), generated by a forward pressure wave and related to ...
Rubin Jonathan J Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between hyperglycemia and subclinical myocardial injury in persons without clinically evident coronary heart disease (CHD). Hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiac events, but limited information is available on its relationship to subclinical myocardial damage. Elevated cardiac troponin ...
Klotz T - - 2012
Cancers of the rete testis are uncommon and usually occur in the 6th or 7th decade of life. The prognosis is dreadful. Approx. 40% of the affected patients die within 1 year after diagnosis due to progression of the disease. The primary therapy is surgical. Until now there is no effective ...
Ge Meili - - 2012
Although all patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) have acquired mutations in the phosphatidylinositol glycan class-A(PIG-A)gene, their clinical courses are highly variable. We reviewed 280 PNH cases referred to our hospital from January 1990 through June 2010 to assess clinical presentations, prognostic factors influencing survival, difference among subcategories, and clinical ...
Rochon Caroline - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In this study, we ask between patients with graft failure listed for retransplant and patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) outside of UCSF criteria, who has the greater survival benefit with transplantation? METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis, of liver transplant (LT) patients, done between February 2002 and December 2009 ...
Belhoul Khawla M - - 2012
The association between iron overload indices and pathology of the heart and liver in transfusion-dependent patients with β thalassemia major (TM) has been extensively studied. Nonetheless, data on endocrine disease remains limited. This was a cross-sectional study of 382 TM patients treated with regular transfusions and desferrioxamine at the Thalassemia ...
Zhu Xia - - 2012
The occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) caused by Prorocentrum minimum (Pavillard) Schiller is a crucial subject in the study of HABs. An electrochemiluminescence-molecular probe assay (ECL-MP) was developed to qualitatively and quantitatively detect P. minimum. It was based on the sandwich hybridization integrated with a nuclease protection assay (NPA-SH) ...
Oguz Haldun - - 2012
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressing and life-threatening soft tissue infection that often affects the abdominal wall, perineum, or extremities following surgery or trauma. It predominantly occurs in elderly and immunocompromised patients. It is rarely seen in the head and neck region. Necrotizing fasciitis of the head and neck carries ...
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