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Li Yan - - 2012
Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) represents a devastating complication observed in critical care medicine. The purpose of this study is to investigate the epidemiological aspects of ALI/ARDS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and risk factors of mortality. Patients with ALI/ARDS in PICU of Beijing Children's Hospital, ...
Senn Theresa E TE Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA. - - 2012
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with sexual risk behavior in adulthood, but little research has investigated processes that might mediate this relation. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether constructs suggested by the traumagenic dynamics (TD) model (a theory of the effects of CSA) or constructs suggested ...
de Noronha Santos Netto Juliana - - 2012
J Oral Pathol Med (2012) Background:  Several cell types are associated with the development of cystic and tumoral odontogenic lesions. Among inflammatory cells, mast cells can be associated with their pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to analyze mast cells in periapical cysts, dentigerous cysts, and keratocystic odontogenic tumors. ...
Kibe R R Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Gene Therapy Program, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2012
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is an essential T-cell survival cytokine. IL-7 receptor (IL-7Rα) deficiency severely impairs T-cell development due to substantial apoptosis. We hypothesized that IL-7Rα(null)-induced apoptosis is partially contributed by an elevated p53 activity. To investigate the genetic association of IL-7/IL-7Rα signaling with the p53 pathway, we generated IL-7Rα(null)p53(null) (DKO) mice. ...
Riva Eliana - - 2012
The influence of natural weather conditions on the viability and reproductive capability of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae in mouse corpses exposed to summer and winter conditions in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, was studied. For this purpose, a total of 49 mouse corpses harbouring muscle larvae of T. spiralis were ...
Nakama Mina - - 2012
Certain noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) implicated in the regulation of chromatin structure associate with chromatin. During the formation of RNAi-directed heterochromatin in fission yeast, ncRNAs transcribed from heterochromatin are thought to recruit the RNAi machinery to chromatin for the formation of heterochromatin; however, the molecular details of this association are not ...
Bornens Michel - - 2012
The centrosome acts as the main microtubule-nucleating organelle in animal cells and plays a critical role in mitotic spindle orientation and in genome stability. Yet, despite its central role in cell biology, the centrosome is not present in all multicellular organisms or in all cells of a given organism. The ...
Fremont Oliver T - - 2012
We aim to review the clinical features of two renal tubular disorders characterized by sodium and potassium wasting: Bartter syndrome and Gitelman syndrome. Selected key references concerning these syndromes were analyzed, together with a PubMed search of the literature from 2000 to 2011. The clinical features common to both conditions ...
Gürbay Aylin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible time- and dose-dependent cytotoxic effects of cobalt chloride on Vero cells. The cultured cells were incubated with different concentrations of cobalt chloride ranging from 0.5 to 1,000 μM, and cytotoxicity was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and resazurin assays. ...
Satoskar Anjali A AA Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2012
The application of molecular techniques to characterize clinical kidney biopsies has the potential to provide insights into glomerular diseases that cannot be revealed by traditional renal pathology. The present work is a proof-of-concept approach to test whether proteomic analysis of glomeruli isolated from clinical biopsies by laser capture microdissection can ...
Sandali Otman - - 2012
AIM: To describe the incidence, clinical features, and evolution of paracentral retinal holes occurring after macular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective non-randomized study of 909 patients operated on for either a macular hole (MH, n = 400 patients) or an epiretinal membrane (ERM, n = 509 patients) between 2004 and 2009. Six patients (0.6%) developed ...
Fettich Karla C - - 2012
Depressed mood in severely obese, bariatric surgery-seeking candidates is influenced by obesity stigma, yet the strategies for coping with this stigma are less well understood. This study hypothesized that coping strategies are significantly associated with depressed mood above and beyond demographic factors and frequency of weight-related stigma, with specific coping ...
McLean Rachael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Dietary sodium reduction is a cost-effective public health intervention to reduce chronic disease. In response to calls for further research into front-of-pack labelling systems, we examined how alternative sodium nutrition label formats and nutrition claims influenced consumers' choice behaviour and whether consumers with or without a diagnosis of hypertension ...
Ding Hongfang - - 2012
The noninvasive measurement of liver stiffness (LS) was evaluated by transient elastography (FibroScan) and the possible influencing factors from the patients' clinical situations including age, gender, liver inflammation represented by alanine transaminase (ALT) and total billirubin (TBIL) level, HBV replication (HBV DNA loads), portal vein pressure (portal vessel diameter, PVD), ...
Zanolli Clément - - 2012
Currently, the human deciduous dental record from the Pleistocene deposits of the Sangiran Dome, Java, consists of only eight specimens. Here we report two deciduous crowns collected near the village of Pucung. While their precise geo-chronological context remains unknown, a provenance from the Early-Middle Pleistocene Kabuh Formation, or from the ...
Pal Moumita - - 2012
This study focuses on mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation in Indian cat fish, Wallagoo attu and Mystus aor, from different rivers. Methyl mercury (MeHg) concentrations were determined in muscle tissue of two different parts, ventral and dorsal part, of each species and the levels of organic mercury were co-related with lipid content ...
Zhu Wenting - - 2012
Two enantiomeric Zn-MOFs, having l- or d-proline chiral functionality, were achieved through in situ click reactions by modifying two opposite chiral adducts within the same pre-assembled achiral MOFs, respectively. Both of them exhibited remarkable catalytic activities in the relative asymmetric aldol reactions, and led to the formation of opposite enantiomorphs. ...
Abramkin Sergey - - 2012
Platinum-based drugs play a crucial role in the fight against cancer. Oxaliplatin, which is used in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma, was the last platinum-based agent to be approved worldwide. However, the efficiency of the therapy is limited for example by a low accumulation of the drug in cancer cells. ...
Molina Pedro - - 2012
Due to its amphoteric nature the imidazole ring can function as selective and effective anion and/or cation and even neutral organic molecules receptor system. As a result, the design of new multichannel imidazole-based receptors capable of recognizing different types of analytes is strongly demanded. This review summarizes the most recent ...
Shah A H - - 2012
Prevalence, distribution and antibiotic resistance of Arcobacter spp. were investigated in cattle, goats, floor and treated water samples in this study. The prevalence of Arcobacter in adult and young was recorded as 8/110 (7.27%) and 4/83 (4.81%), respectively, which showed insignificant difference (P = 0.3503) in detection rates between adult and young ...
Jinnouchi Ryosuke - - 2012
A first principles theory combined with a continuum electrolyte theory is applied to adsorption of sulfuric acid anions on Pt(111) in 0.1 M H(2)SO(4) solution. The theoretical free energy diagram indicates that sulfuric acid anions adsorb as bisulfate in the potential range of 0.41 < U≤ 0.48 V (RHE) and ...
Potse Mark - - 2012
Next to clinical and experimental research, mathematical modeling plays a crucial role in medicine. Biomedical research takes place on many different levels, from molecules to the whole organism. Due to the complexity of biological systems, the interactions between components are often difficult or impossible to understand without the help of ...
Ricklefs Robert E - - 2012
Patterns of species richness and relative abundance at some scales cannot be distinguished from predictions of null models, including zero-sum neutral models of population change and random speciation-extinction models of evolutionary diversification. Both models predict that species richness or population abundance produced by independent iterations of the same processes in ...
Moc Jerzy - - 2012
A comprehensive ab initio investigation using coupled cluster theory with the aug-cc-pVnZ, n = D,T basis sets is carried out to identify distinct structures of the Al(4)H(14)(-) cluster anion and to evaluate its fragmentation stability. Both thermodynamic and mechanistic aspects of the fragmentation reactions are studied. The observation of this ...
Lambernd S - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Obesity is closely associated with muscle insulin resistance and is a major risk factor for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Regular physical activity not only prevents obesity, but also considerably improves insulin sensitivity and skeletal muscle metabolism. We sought to establish and characterise an in vitro model of ...
Fatalla Abdalbseet A - - 2012
Previously, the choice of prosthetic implant-retained overdentures has depended on data from previous studies about the retention-fatigue strength of the attachment system selected. Little or no data have been available on the correlation between the attachment system selected and the overdenture support configuration. The purpose of the present study was ...
Schwank Gerald - - 2012
Wartlick et al. (Research Articles, 4 March 2011, p. 1154) reported that growth rates in the Drosophila wing disc correlate with increasing Dpp signaling levels, suggesting that the rate of Dpp increase determines the cell-cycle length. Contradicting their model, we found that cells in which the increase of Dpp signaling ...
Özpınar Gül Altınbaş - - 2012
Molecular-dynamics (MD) simulations of urea crystals of different shapes (cubic, rectangular prismatic, and sheet) have been performed using our previously published force field for urea. This force field has been validated by calculating values for the cohesive energy, sublimation temperature, and melting point from the MD data. The cohesive energies ...
Liao Hua - - 2012
Angiotensin II (ANGII) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by inducing proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In our study, we observed the effects of valsartan on proliferation of cultured VSMCs treated with or without ANGII by cell counting and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, and ...
Printza Nikoleta - - 2012
99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan is the golden standard for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis and renal scaring. We investigated the use of acute phase DMSA scan in infants presented promptly to the hospital because of the first episode of their febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). Ninety-eight infants with microbiologically confirmed ...
Tokoro Yuichiro - - 2012
The regulation of electron transfer between a conjugated polymer and ligands orthogonally connected to the main-chain is reported. Poly(arylene-ethynylene)s containing aminoquinoline-borafluorene complexes in the main-chain are synthesized in good yields by a Sonogashira-Hagihara coupling. Single crystal X-ray analysis of a model compound has elucidated the complex's structure in which the ...
Tian Fengyan - - 2012
In previous study, glutaric acid (GA) induced apoptosis of primary striatal neuron in vitro. In order to investigate the neurotoxic effects of GA on neonatal rat corpus striatum and the possible mechanism, 34 male pups were randomly assigned to NS group, low dose GA (LGA, 5 μmol GA/g body weight) ...
Wei Tao - - 2012
The heats of formation (HOFs), thermal stability, and detonation properties for a series of nitrogen-bridged 1,2,4,5-tetrazine-, furazan-, and 1H-tetrazole-based polyheterocyclic compounds (3,6-bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazole-5-ylamino)-1,2,4,5- tetrazine (TST), 3,6-bis(furazan-5-ylamino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (FSF), 3,4-bis(1,2,4,5- tetrazine-3-ylamino)-furazan (SFS), 3,4-bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazole-5-ylamino)-furazan (TFT), 1,5-bis(1,2,4,5-tetrazine-3-ylamino)-1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazole (STS), and 1,5-bis(furazan-3-ylamino)-1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazole (FTF) derivatives) were systematically studied by using density functional theory. The results show that the ...
Shapses S A SA Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, 96 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8525, USA. - - 2012
The goal in this study was to examine the hormonal and dietary predictors of true fractional Ca absorption (TFCA) in adult women and to determine whether TFCA differs due to body weight. Results showed that TFCA is higher in obese individuals and dietary fat, estradiol, and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D are ...
Chen Pingbo - - 2012
This study was aimed to explore the influence of breast cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in migration and invasion of breast cancer cell line MCF-7, and investigate whether hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is involved in this process. Primary breast CAFs and their corresponding normal breast fibroblasts (NFs) were obtained by collagenase ...
Negi Smita I - - 2012
Improving the 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk prediction beyond its current state is important as the current risk prediction schemes classify the majority of individuals who experience an incident CHD event as low or intermediate in risk. B-mode ultrasound-based carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurement and carotid plaque detection is ...
Leonard Anissa - - 2012
Preclinical data suggest that miglustat could restore the function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene in cystic fibrosis cells. Single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover Phase II study in 11 patients (mean±SD age, 26.3±7.7 years) homozygous for the F508del mutation received oral miglustat 200 mgt.i.d. or placebo for two ...
Gillison Maura L ML Viral Oncology, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2012
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the principal cause of a distinct form of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma that is increasing in incidence among men in the United States. However, little is known about the epidemiology of oral HPV infection. To determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection in the United ...
Li Yunqi - - 2012
In the protein-polysaccharide complex systems, how non-specific interactions such as electrostatic and van der Waals interactions affect complex formation has not been clearly understood. Based on a coarse-grained model with the specificity of target system, we have applied Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to illustrate the process of complex coacervate formation ...
Reilly Meghan J - - 2012
This goal of this work was to explore histone H3 tail peptides containing transcriptionally-activating modifications for their potential as gene delivery materials. We have found that these H3 tail peptides, in combination with the cationic polymer poly(ethylenimine) (PEI), can effectively bind and protect plasmid DNA. The H3/PEI hybrid polyplexes were ...
Camidge D Ross DR University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2012
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using break-apart red (3') and green (5') ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) probes, consistently shows rearrangements in <100% of tumor cells in ALK-positive (ALK+) nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Increased copy numbers of fused and rearranged signals also occur. Here, correlations are explored between the percentage ...
Sugai Kyoko - - 2012
• Premise of the study: Expressed sequence tag (EST)-derived microsatellite markers were developed for Elaeocarpus photiniifolia, an endemic taxon of the Bonin Islands.• Methods and Results: Initially, a complementary DNA (cDNA) library was constructed by de novo pyrosequencing of total RNA extracted from a seedling. A total of 267 primer ...
Danieli Coraline - - 2012
Net survival, the one that would be observed if cancer were the only cause of death, is the most appropriate indicator to compare cancer mortality between areas or countries. Several parametric and non-parametric methods have been developed to estimate net survival, particularly when the cause of death is unknown. These ...
Melo-Silva César Augusto - - 2012
Phrenic nerve magnetic stimulation (PNMS) performed anterolaterally at the base of the neck (BAMPS) and cervical magnetic stimulation are common techniques for assessing upper airway (UA) mechanical properties in conscious humans. We considered that if NMS performed at the sternal level (a-MS) could induce a similar percentage of flow-limited twitches ...
Park Chan-Sun - - 2012
Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection has been suggested to be associated with severe asthma characterized by persistent airway limitation, which may be related to airway remodeling. We investigated whether C. pneumoniae infection affected the secretion of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP1), and altered the responsiveness of inflammatory cells to corticosteroids. ...
Gavella Mirjana - - 2012
Gangliosides, the sialic acid-containing glycosphyngolipids, are amphiphilic compounds which in micellar form affect the properties and functions of a cellular membrane. The aim of this study was to test whether exogenous gangliosides supplied to cryopreservation media before freezing could protect sperm cells from cryopreservation-induced DNA damage assessed by Comet assay. ...
Ohoka Nobumichi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays the major role in maintaining plasma high-density lipoprotein levels by producing cholesterol-accepting nascent high-density lipoprotein, whereas peripheral ABCA1 is responsible for releasing cellular cholesterol. We previously reported that in rodents, cholesterol depletion reduces ABCA1 expression in peripheral but not hepatic cells by ...
Clark Andrew R - - 2012
Abstract Radiolabeling of pharmaceutical inhalation aerosols began in the late 1970s. Since then, well over 100 studies have been published. These studies have documented lung deposition for all inhalation dosage forms; pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs), dry powder inhalers (DPIs), soft mist inhalers (SMIs), and nebulizers. They have provided valuable ...
Rijs Nicole J - - 2012
Copper-mediated allylic substitution reactions are widely used in organic synthesis, whereas the analogous reactions for silver and gold are essentially unknown. To unravel why this is the case, the gas-phase reactions of allyl iodide with the coinage metal dimethylmetallates, [CH(3)MCH(3)](-) (M = Cu, Ag and Au), were examined under the ...
Richter Kimber P KP University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Kansas City, KS, - - 2012
Most clients in drug treatment smoke cigarettes, but few facilities provide treatment for tobacco dependence. We identify subjective experiences and social processes that may influence facility adoption of tobacco treatment policies and practices. Cross-sectional, semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff, directors and clients of 8 drug treatment facilities in the ...
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