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Wallerstedt Birgitta - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Identification and documentation of persons being in palliative phase regardless of age, diagnosis and places of care, and their use of a sitting service at the end of life Background:  Older persons and persons with diseases other than cancer are often discriminated against when applying ...
Fox Gary N - - 2012
  Milia-like idiopathic calcinosis cutis (MICC) is a rare dermopathy, usually occurring in children with Down syndrome. We report a case of an 8-year-old girl with Down syndrome who presented with histologically verified MICC, briefly review the literature on MICC, discuss the differential diagnosis, and describe the use of dermoscopy ...
Paddock Troy - - 2012
During skotomorphogenesis in angiosperms, NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) forms an aggregate of photolabile NADPH-POR-protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) ternary complexes localized to the prolamellar bodies within etioplasts. During photomorphogenesis, POR catalyzes the light-dependent reduction of Pchlide a to chlorophyllide (Chlide) a, which is subsequently converted to chlorophyll (Chl). In Arabidopsis there are three structurally ...
Walker Laurie - - 2012
Adding supplements to hen feed can increase egg nutritional value. Astaxanthin, tocotrienols, and tocopherols are potent antioxidants that provide health benefits to humans. We hypothesized that the addition of these nutrients to hen feed would result in an increased nutrient content in egg yolk with minimum changes in functional properties. ...
Cerdà J - - 2012
The discovery of the role of a teleost-specific aquaporin (Aqp1ab) during the process of oocyte hydration in marine fish producing pelagic (floating) eggs, recently confirmed by molecular approaches, has revealed that this mechanism is more sophisticated than initially thought. Recent phylogenetic and genomic studies suggest that Aqp1ab likely evolved by ...
Vaquero Juan José - - 2012
PURPOSE: Semi-quantitative, static positron emission tomography (PET) has been used to perform an initial approach to the assessment of [13N]-ammonia perfusion studies aimed to elucidating the effect of injecting human embryonic stem cell-derived (hES) hemangioblasts on infarcted rat hearts. PROCEDURES: Female NIH nude rats underwent occlusion of the left anterior ...
O'Donoghue Meghan B - - 2012
Some researchers have questioned whether synthetic aptamers bind as robustly as natural antibodies. To address this issue, we used single-molecule atomic force microscopy to measure the rupture force between a protein and both its aptamer and its antibody. The rupture force on live cell membranes between the aptamer and protein ...
Platz Elke - - 2012
Aims: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a frequent consequence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and a marker of increased risk. However, current qualitative methods assessing RV function are imprecise. We sought to determine whether RV strain analysis would have clinical utility in patients with PE compared with normal controls. Methods and ...
Gao Hongwei - - 2012
Treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures includes internal fixation and arthroplasty. However, whether arthroplasty or internal fixation is the primary treatment for displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients remains a subject for debate. The literature contains conflicting evidence regarding rates of mortality, revision surgery, major postoperative complications, and function ...
Zhou Feng - - 2012
The availability of techniques for the sensitive detection of early stage cancer is crucial for patient survival. Our previous research (Langmuir, 2011, 27, 2155-2158) showed that gold nanoparticle layers (GNPL) used in indirect format ELISA amplified the signal, and gave a lower limit of detection (LOD) compared with commercial ELISA ...
Shurulinkov Peter - - 2012
Blood parasites of migrating yellow wagtails of two subspecies-Motacilla flava feldegg and Motacilla flava flava-were studied on a sample of 473 birds caught in spring and autumn periods in Bulgaria. We controlled eight "migration waves" (flocks captured in different evenings) of yellow wagtails for four parameters-average body mass, average fat ...
Brattström Olof - - 2012
The impact of host factors, such as gender and co-morbidity, on mortality after trauma has been debated. Quantification of risk factors is dependent on methodological considerations including follow-up time, definitions and adjustment of potential confounders. Optimal follow-up time of trauma patients remains to be elucidated. We investigated the impact of ...
Johnson-Huang Leanne M LM Laboratory for Investigative Dermatology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic, debilitating, immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease. As IFN-γ is involved in many cellular processes, including activation of dendritic cells (DCs), antigen processing and presentation, cell adhesion and trafficking, and cytokine and chemokine production, IFN-γ-producing Th1 cells were proposed to be integral to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Recently, ...
Lindqvist Ulla - - 2012
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic systemic disease in which patients develop persistent inflammation of the skin and joints, leading to disability and joint damage. The extracellular component hyaluronan (HA) plays an important role in regulatory processes such as inflammation, wound healing and tumour progression. At any site of inflammation HA ...
Gil Silvia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation is a considerable clinical problem in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Optimization of metabolic and nutritional parameters does not always lead to improved growth. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment has been used to improve height. Several studies in the literature have shown increased growth velocity, ...
Soergel P - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Caesarean section is one of the common operations in medicine. As almost all interventions, the quality of the operation depends on the training and skills of the surgeon. This study aims at characterising the learning curve of caesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with a singleton pregnancy who ...
Stilli Stefano - - 2012
Arthrogryposis represents a group of heterogeneous disorders, characterized by contractures of multiple joints at birth. Involvement of the hip is very common (55-90% of patients) ranging from soft tissue contractures to subluxation and dislocation. Isolated contracture of the hip can usually be managed conservatively: compensative mechanisms and contractures of other ...
Aydogan Umit - - 2012
Hypogonadism is a clinical condition that occurs due to infrequent abnormalities in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis in adolescence. Symptoms include weakening of muscle and bone strength. 30 young male patients with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) and 20 healthy young males were included in the present study. Quadriceps and hamstring muscle ...
Zhang Zhi-Guo - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Oxidative stress and neural degeneration are suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of PD. Previous studies have revealed that Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) can reduce inflammation and oxidation, making it a potential therapeutic agent ...
Spadaro Alessandro - - 2012
17β-HSD1 is a novel target for the treatment of estrogen-dependent diseases as it catalyzes intracellular estradiol formation. Starting from two recently described compounds, highly active and selective inhibitors were developed. The benzoyl compound 6 and the benzamide 17 are the most selective compounds toward 17β-HSD2 described so far. They also ...
Sapsford Ruth R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Interruption of urine flow during micturition has been used as an assessment of ability to voluntarily contract the pelvic floor muscles (PFM). However, the PFM are also activated during specific abdominal manoeuvres. This study aimed to assess the effect of similar abdominal manoeuvres on urine flow and ...
Gimm Oliver - - 2012
Selective venous sampling (SVS) helps to interpret imaging results in patients with persistent primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). However, one of the drawbacks of conventional SVS may be low "spatial resolution", depending on the sample size. We modified SVS in the following way: first, patients underwent conventional SVS with up to 11 ...
Udagawa Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The kidney is a major organ involved in calcium (Ca(2+)) metabolism. Ca(2+) is transported through renal tubular epithelial cells. The intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) is tightly controlled at a low concentration, but transient increases and oscillations in [Ca(2+)](i) are induced by various conditions. In this study, we investigated ...
Mettout Bruno - - 2012
The specific properties of incommensurate multiferroic phases resulting from the coupling of order-parameter replicates are worked out using the illustrative example of iron vanadate. The phase difference between the order-parameter copies induces an additional broken symmetry phase corresponding to the lowest symmetry of the system and varies critically at the ...
Marques J Frederico - - 2012
The present research evaluates the sensitivity and salience of form-function correlations in contrast with other types of feature correlations (function-function, form-form) in adults and using real object features (from tools and utensils). In Experiment 1, the participants judged the relation between the form and function features of tools. In Experiment ...
Dang Feng - - 2012
Ordered aggregated BaTiO(3) nanocubes with a narrow size distribution were obtained in an aqueous process by using bis(ammonium lactate) titanium dihydroxide (TALH) as Ti source in the presence of oleic acid and tert-butylamine. Kinetics of the formation of BaTiO(3) nanocubes indicated that an in situ growth mechanism was dominant and ...
Ingala L - - 2012
In the cross of the durable leaf rust resistant wheat Sinvalocho MA and the susceptible line Gama6, four specific genes were identified: the seedling resistance gene Lr3, the adult plant resistance (APR) genes LrSV1 and LrSV2 coming from Sinvalocho MA, and the seedling resistance gene LrG6 coming from Gama6. Lr3 ...
Mohanta S K - - 2012
We have made bulk and local investigations on defect induced magnetism in highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) irradiated with a 40 MeV carbon beam. The local magnetic response of irradiated HOPG was studied by measuring the hyperfine field of recoil implanted (19)F using γ-ray time differential perturbed angular distribution (TDPAD) measurements. ...
Sclafani Valentina - - 2012
Scratching has been successfully used to detect anxiety, a proxy for stress, in primates, from strepsirrhines to Homo sapiens. Here, we investigated the fluctuation of scratching in Lemur catta during the mating season. In particular we evaluated whether scratching (1) varied according to sex and rank differences, (2) increased in ...
Acharya Jyotsna - - 2012
We report a case of a 43-year-old woman who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) for a symptomatic large fibroid uterus and had spontaneous perforation of the transverse colon 3 months after embolisation with near-fatal consequences. We believe this is the first reported case in the literature of this serious complication of ...
Kale Suresh Babu - - 2012
Abstract  Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) syndrome is a rare congenital coronary artery anomaly especially when diagnosed in an adult patient and remains an important cause of sudden cardiac death. We report a 46-year-old patient with ALCAPA syndrome managed with left main coronary ...
Jones Jeff - - 2012
The giant single-celled slime mould Physarum polycephalum exhibits complex morphological adaptation and amoeboid movement as it forages for food and may be seen as a minimal example of complex robotic behaviour. Swarm computation has previously been used to explore how spatio-temporal complexity can emerge from, and be distributed within, simple ...
Pelliccioli Anna Paola - - 2012
The pH-rate profiles for the ketonization of the (E)- and (Z)-photoenols of o-methylacetophenone (MA) in aqueous solution were determined by nanosecond laser flash photolysis. Carbon protonation of the enol anions of MA by solvent water is exceptionally fast, k(0)'(K)≈ 2.0 × 10(7) s(-1), too fast to permit establishment of the ...
Kaufman David J - - 2012
Direct-to-consumer genetic testing has generated speculation about how customers will interpret results and how these interpretations will influence healthcare use and behavior; however, few empirical data on these topics exist. We conducted an online survey of DTC customers of 23andMe, deCODEme, and Navigenics to begin to address these questions. Random ...
Rubio Aileen - - 2012
Abstract Daptomycin (DAP) is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of certain Staphylococcus aureus infections. Although rare, strains have been isolated that are DAP resistant. These strains usually have mutations in mprF, a gene encoding a membrane protein with both lysylphosphatidylglycerol (LPG) synthase and flippase activities. Because ΔmprF ...
Yi Zhijun - - 2012
The quasiparticle and optical properties of magnesium fluoride (MgF(2)) are computed within the GW approximation based on many-body perturbation theory (MBPT). The many-body effects appearing in self-energy and electron-hole interactions have an important influence on the electronic and optical properties. The DFT-LDA calculation shows a 6.78 eV band gap. Two methods ...
Zhou Zhi-Ming - - 2012
Functional imidazolium ionic liquids have been developed as a new class of versatile catalysts. C(2)-symmetric imidazolium-tagged bis(oxazoline) ligands were prepared, and the anions of the ligands were altered. The catalysts based on the new ligands and Cu(OAc)(2)·H(2)O were applied in asymmetric Henry reactions between various aldehydes 3 and CH(3)NO(2)4. The ...
van de Vis J W - - 2012
The objective was to take a first step in the development of a process-oriented quality assurance (QA) system for monitoring and safeguarding of fish welfare at a company level. A process-oriented approach is focused on preventing hazards and involves establishment of critical steps in a process that requires careful control. ...
Aguilar-Gallardo Cristóbal - - 2012
Understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms of ovarian cancer has been the focus of research efforts working toward the greater goal of improving cancer therapy for patients with residual disease after initial treatment with conventional surgery and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The focus of this review will be centered on new therapeutic ...
Wu Jih-Jen - - 2012
Pronounced absorption in the visible-NIR range of 400-1300 nm is demonstrated in the Ag(2)S nanoparticles (NPs)/ZnO nanowire (NW) array. ZnO NW arrays are grown on indium tin oxide substrates using chemical bath deposition. The Ag(2)S NPs are sequentially formed on the ZnO NWs through sonochemical synthesis. Structural characterizations indicate the ...
Ojima Hidenori - - 2012
Biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) has a poor prognosis. However, no standard chemotherapy regimens have been established for inoperable cases or cases of recurrence after surgical resection. Recent molecular biological analysis has shown that epidermal growth factor receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, ...
Wright Ben L C BL Department of Neurology, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke on Trent, ST4 7LN, - - 2012
Cerebrospinal fluid is vital for normal brain function. Changes to the composition, flow, or pressure can cause a variety of neurological symptoms and signs. Equally, disorders of nervous tissue may alter cerebrospinal fluid characteristics. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid can provide information on diagnosis, may be therapeutic in certain conditions, and ...
Ferguson Christopher J - - 2012
The relative impact of genetic and social influences on disordered eating behaviors (DEB) including binging, purging, excessive dieting and negative self-evaluations about weight remain an issue of debate. The current study sought to examine the relative influence of genetic and social influences on DEB. A 7-year prospective analysis of 580 ...
Zhu Lan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We sought to characterize risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) during pregnancy and the postpartum period in primiparous women in China. METHODS: We enrolled 10,098 women from the seven regions of China ≥28 weeks' gestation from September 2007 to May 2009 and administered the Bristol Female Lower Urinary ...
Chen Lisa Y LY The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Maumenee 745, Baltimore, MD, 21287, - - 2012
This study is aimed to report a case of endogenous Nocardia endophthalmitis in the setting of immunosuppression from chronic steroid use. A case report was conducted. A 79-year-old woman presented with decreased vision with floaters in the left eye. Ophthalmic examination revealed severe inflammation in the anterior chamber, vitreous opacities, ...
Valabhji J - - 2012
Aims:  To further characterize the distal sensory neuropathy in subjects with unilateral diabetic Charcot foot neuroarthropathy. Methods:  A retrospective cohort study to assess the level to which the sensory modalities of pinprick, light touch, vibration, joint position and temperature were attenuated in the affected and unaffected limbs in subjects with ...
Végh Tamás - - 2012
PURPOSE: In some thoracic surgical procedures, the insertion of a double-lumen tube (DLT) is not feasible, or the altered use of a DLT and a single-lumen tube (SLT) is justified during the surgery. In the present article we report our experience with a new bronchial blocker, the EZ-blocker, in clinical ...
Ma Ping - - 2012
To develop a framework, using Louisiana as a case study, for estimating the potential cost savings to individual states if families were able to meet current recommendations for breastfeeding. Using cost-analyses methods, cost savings, as well as, case and death reductions of infant illnesses and deaths on four selected infant ...
Xiao Lifen - - 2012
A novel vulcanized polyaniline nanotube/sulfur composite was prepared successfully via an in situ vulcanization process by heating a mixture of polyaniline nanotube and sulfur at 280 °C. The electrode could retain a discharge capacity of 837 mAh g(-1) after 100 cycles at a 0.1 C rate and manifested 76% capacity ...
Downing Nancy R - - 2012
Huntington disease (HD) includes a prodromal phase with behavioral, cognitive, and motor function decline occurring up to 15 years prior to diagnosis. This study used mixed methods to examine how people in the prodromal phase and their companions coped with noticed changes. Twenty-three couples completed a semi-structured interview and Brief ...
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