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Results 301 - 350 of 2476
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Rosman Ilana S - - 2012
  Febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) is a severe variant of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA). We report a case of FUMHD in an 11-year-old boy who subsequently developed neurologic symptoms and was found to have necrotizing vasculitis on brain biopsy. Over 5 years of follow-up, he had one biopsy-proven ...
Chávez-Munguía Bibiana - - 2012
The rapid redistribution of surface antigen-antibody complexes in trophozoites of the human protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica, in a process known as capping, has been considered as a means of the parasite to evade the host immune response. So far, capping has been documented in the invasive E. histolytica, whereas the ...
Li Hongmei - - 2012
To explore the co-effects of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance (IR) on hypertension in a large Asian population. Data on demographic characteristics, blood pressure and other variables were collected; additionally, fasting plasma glucose, insulin and biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble E-selectin ...
Gandini Roberto - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe alternative endovascular (EV) techniques and assess their feasibility and efficacy in minimizing failure rates in limb salvage for the treatment of complex below-the knee (BTK) occlusions that could not be crossed with a conventional antegrade access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December ...
Valabhji J - - 2012
Aims:  To further characterize the distal sensory neuropathy in subjects with unilateral diabetic Charcot foot neuroarthropathy. Methods:  A retrospective cohort study to assess the level to which the sensory modalities of pinprick, light touch, vibration, joint position and temperature were attenuated in the affected and unaffected limbs in subjects with ...
Végh Tamás - - 2012
PURPOSE: In some thoracic surgical procedures, the insertion of a double-lumen tube (DLT) is not feasible, or the altered use of a DLT and a single-lumen tube (SLT) is justified during the surgery. In the present article we report our experience with a new bronchial blocker, the EZ-blocker, in clinical ...
Ma Ping - - 2012
To develop a framework, using Louisiana as a case study, for estimating the potential cost savings to individual states if families were able to meet current recommendations for breastfeeding. Using cost-analyses methods, cost savings, as well as, case and death reductions of infant illnesses and deaths on four selected infant ...
Xiao Lifen - - 2012
A novel vulcanized polyaniline nanotube/sulfur composite was prepared successfully via an in situ vulcanization process by heating a mixture of polyaniline nanotube and sulfur at 280 °C. The electrode could retain a discharge capacity of 837 mAh g(-1) after 100 cycles at a 0.1 C rate and manifested 76% capacity ...
Safron Nathaniel S - - 2012
A novel approach for the rational synthesis of low-defect density, patterned graphene from the bottom up, called barrier-guided chemical vapor deposition, is introduced. A patterned barrier layer impedes the growth of graphene in selected areas of the copper substrate, guiding the growth of graphene into desired micro- and nano- structures ...
Chiam Patrick J T - - 2012
Beta-blockers are a well-known prophylactic treatment for migraine; however, treatment by the ocular route has not been widely considered. This case illustrates the resolution of a visual field defect associated with migraine and improvement of symptoms possibly due to administration of a topical beta-blocker. This novel method of treatment especially ...
Khan Syed Ajmal - - 2012
Total organic matter (TOM) content of sediment samples collected from various depths of continental shelf region of the southeast coast of India varied from 0.19% to 7.73%. Higher TOM content and lower median particle diameter could be attributed to the influence of higher riverine flow. Higher values were observed at ...
Jiang Xiu-Mei - - 2012
Gold nanomaterials (Au NMs) have attracted increasing attention in biomedicine due to their facile preparation, multifunctional modifications, unique optical and electrical properties, and good biocompatibility. The physicochemical properties of Au NMs at nanoscale, like size, shape, surface chemistry, and near field effects, are rendering Au NMs potent candidates in biomedicine. ...
Diamond Lisa M - - 2012
Over the past decade, numerous studies have documented fundamental differences between the phenomenology of male and female sexual orientation, largely centering on women's capacity for fluidity in their sexual attractions. The past decade has also witnessed fundamental changes in clinical perspectives on "normal" versus "dysfunctional" patterns of female sexual desire, ...
Lee Jaebum - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Implant dentistry in the posterior maxilla often requires bone augmentation. The gold standard, autogenous bone graft, requires additional surgery with associated morbidity, while bone biomaterials may not support relevant bone formation. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS), however, induces significant, clinically relevant bone ...
Kjaer Line - - 2012
  Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare inherited disease that is often difficult to diagnose. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with a spontaneous mutation causing HAE, diagnosed after a life-threatening episode of angioedema of the head and upper respiratory tract after a 5-year history of recurrent skin ...
Vávrová Jiƙina - - 2012
In the work presented here, changes in haematopoiesis of mice (B6129SF2/J) were studied 1 year after their whole-body exposure to a dose of 7 Gy (72% of mice survived). The irradiated mice were compared with non-irradiated younger (4 months of age) and older (16 months of age) mice. There was a significant increase in ...
Liu Keshao - - 2012
The alphaproteobacterial strain JLT2003(T) was isolated from surface seawater off the coast of Guishan island, Taiwan. The strain was Gram negative, ovoid or coccoid, non-motile and formed pink colonies on marine agar 2216 (MA; DIFCO) medium. The dominant fatty acids were C(18:1)ω7c, cyclo C(19:0)ω8c, and C(16:0). The polar lipid profile ...
Brands Marion M M G - - 2012
We determined the cardiologic features of children with MPS I, II and VI, and evaluated the effect of enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) on cardiac disease. Twenty-four children aged 1-18 years with MPS I, II or VI were prospectively evaluated with echocardiogram and electrocardiogram from the start of enzyme-replacement therapy up to 6 years ...
Latzin Julia M - - 2012
The general population is exposed to acrylamide (AA) mainly through food and tobacco smoke. AA is classified as probably carcinogenic to humans. Glycidamide (GA), as the primary oxidative metabolite, was identified to be the ultimate genotoxic agent. This warrants full investigation of the oxidative pathway in AA metabolism and the ...
Lu H - - 2012
By using theoretical predictions based on first-principle calculations, we explore an interface engineering approach to stabilize polarization states in ferroelectric heterostructures with a thickness of just several nanometers.
Cuadrado R - - 2012
We present an efficient implementation of the spin-orbit coupling within the density functional theory based SIESTA code (2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 2745) using the fully relativistic and totally separable pseudopotential formalism of Hemstreet et al (1993 Phys. Rev. B 47 4238). First, we obtain the spin-orbit splittings for several ...
Yeum Chung Eun - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to be effective in wound healing, but not much has been reported on quantitative correlations between MSCs injected into the wound site and MSCs that actually participate in wound healing. This study traced MSCs participating in wound healing by using small intestinal submucosa (SIS) ...
Shin Min Ji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There has been no study to investigate whether cystatin C could predict cardiovascular events in incident dialysis patients. We aimed to delineate the role of serum cystatin C and cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR(cysC)) for prediction of cardiovascular events. METHODS: This study included 66 end-stage renal disease ...
Lee Eun-Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is a useful therapeutic technique for colorectal tumors. However, for tumors larger than 20 mm, the chance of piecemeal resection is high. Recently introduced endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables en bloc resection regardless of the tumor size. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness and outcomes ...
Fortelny René H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall and inguinal hernia repair are the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States and Europe. However, traditional methods of mesh fixation are associated with a number of problems including substantial risks of recurrence and of postoperative and chronic pain. The aim of this systematic review ...
Yoneda Kozo - - 2012
The relationship between the two coexpressed differentiation markers, profilaggrin and loricrin, is not clear right now. In this study, we explored the interaction of profilaggrin N-terminal domain (PND) with loricrin in keratinocytes and epidermis. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopic analysis of human epidermis showed that PND colocalized with loricrin. Loricrin nucleofected into ...
Xiao Jia - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the hepato-protective properties and underlying mechanisms of SAMC in a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rat model. METHODS: Female rats were fed with a diet comprising highly unsaturated fat diet (30% fish oil) for 8 weeks to develop NAFLD with or without an intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg SAMC ...
Zhang D - - 2012
Gasterophilus nigricornis (Loew) (Diptera: Oestridae) is one of the most damaging obligate parasites of equids in Kalamaili, Xinjiang, China. The main olfactory organs of this stomach bot fly are paired antennae that bear microscopic sensillar structures. The external morphology of the antennal funiculus and sensilla of male G. nigricornis were ...
Dizdaroglu Miral - - 2012
Abstract Endogenous and exogenous sources cause free radical-induced DNA damage in living organisms by a variety of mechanisms. The highly reactive hydroxyl radical reacts with the heterocyclic DNA bases and the sugar moiety near or at diffusion-controlled rates. Hydrated electron and H atom also add to the heterocyclic bases. These ...
Zhu Q - - 2012
Epidemics of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) have been emerging and reemerging in recent years. This study aims to investigate whether breastfeeding and other factors may affect the profile of fever and disease course in children with HFMD. Three hundred seventy-two preschool children with HFMD were included. The demographics, ...
Okuno Hiroshi - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) on the proliferating, differentiating and differentiated phases of C2C12 myoblasts, a mouse skeletal muscle cell line. In the proliferating phase, cell counting and WST-1 cell proliferation assay revealed that VD3 treatment under 10% FBS inhibited the ...
Prakash Amresh - - 2012
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are cell surface receptors. The dynamic property of receptor-receptor interactions in GPCRs modulates the kinetics of G-protein signaling and stability. In the present work, the structural and dynamic study of A(2A)R-D(2)R interactions was carried to acquire the understanding of the A(2A)R-D(2)R receptor activation and deactivation process, facilitating ...
Marazziti Donatella - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of serotonin (5-HT) receptors of type 6 (5-HT(6)) in postmortem human prefrontal cortex, striatum and hippocampus. The brain samples were obtained from 6 subjects who had died for causes not involving primarily or secondarily the CNS. The 5-HT(6) receptor distribution ...
Heckmann Lotta - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Body-size structure of food webs and adaptive foraging of consumers are two of the dominant concepts of our understanding how natural ecosystems maintain their stability and diversity. The interplay of these two processes, however, is a critically important yet unresolved issue. To fill this gap in ...
Szommer Tamás - - 2012
An efficient and convenient solution-phase synthesis of a 1H-1,2,4-triazole library with potential agrochemical activity is reported employing microwave-assisted organic synthesis (MAOS) and continuous-flow microfluidic synthetic methods starting from commercially available 3,5-dibromo-1H-1,2,4-triazole (1). MAOS was used for the synthesis of 5-amino-3-bromo-1,2,4-triazole analogs 3 and for their 3-aryl derivatives 4 via Suzuki-Miyaura ...
Huang Y - - 2012
Depending on the environment, dendritic cells (DCs) may become active or tolerogenic, but little is known about whether heritable epigenetic modifications are involved in these processes. Here, we have found that epigenetic histone modifications can regulate the differentiation of human monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs) into either activated or tolerized DCs. The ...
Pan Qiong - - 2012
We report a novel on-line electrophoretic sample clean-up approach for highly sensitive and reproducible microchip electrophoretic (μCE) immunoassay of low-abundance proteins in human serum. The method takes advantage of the differential effect of field-amplified sample stacking on molecules with different electrophoretic mobility. Large interfering proteins are removed from the loading ...
Sung Shih-Hsien - - 2012
BackgroundCentral systolic blood pressure (SBP) can be estimated by an oscillometric method developed from a pulse volume plethysmography (PVP) device. The present study applied this novel method to a noninvasive blood pressure monitor (NBPM).MethodsWe enrolled 50 patients (37 men, age range 30-84 years) referred for cardiac catheterization. Invasive right brachial ...
Ogihara Toshio - - 2012
The Combination Therapy of Hypertension to Prevent Cardiovascular Events (COPE) trial demonstrated that the calcium-channel blocker benidipine-based combination therapies with an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB), a β-blocker, or a thiazide diuretic (thiazide) were similarly effective in preventing cardiovascular events and achieving the target blood pressure (BP; <140/90 mm Hg). We further evaluated the ...
Nishikawa Toru - - 2012
AIM: Periodontal disease is highly prevalent and severe in diabetic patients, and is considered one of the diabetic complications. To elucidate how periodontitis progresses in diabetes, we examined an animal model of periodontitis in diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two weeks after the induction of diabetes by streptozotocin, surgical nylon ...
Ahmad Wan Azlina - - 2012
The present work highlighted the production of violacein by the locally isolated Chromobacterium violaceum (GenBank accession no. HM132057) in various agricultural waste materials (sugarcane bagasse, solid pineapple waste, molasses, brown sugar), as an alternative to the conventional rich medium. The highest yield for pigment production (0.82 g L(-1)) was obtained using free ...
Moore David J - - 2012
The present study used the Dot-Probe paradigm to explore attentional allocation to faces compared with non-social images in high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls. There was no evidence of attentional bias in either group when stimuli were presented at individually calculated sub-threshold levels. However, at ...
Hiltunen Laura - - 2012
The influence of weather on mood and mental health is commonly debated. Furthermore, studies concerning weather and suicidal behavior have given inconsistent results. Our aim was to see if daily weather changes associate with the number of suicide attempts in Finland. All suicide attempts treated in the hospitals in Helsinki, ...
Iwaki Hiroaki - - 2012
An aerobic, Gram-negative bacterial strain, designated KU27E1(T), which degrades phthalate and dimethylphthalate, was isolated from seawater obtained from the coastal region of Ishigaki Island, Japan. Cells are motile rods with polar flagella. Strain KU27E1(T) grew at 15-30°C, pH 6.0-8.0, in the presence of 1.0-2.0% (w/v) NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene ...
Barosi Giovanni - - 2012
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are clonal disorders characterized by excessive production of mature cells. In most of the classic Philadelphia-negative MPNs-polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and MPN-associated myelofibrosis (MPN-MF)-oncogenic mutations affecting JAK2 or MPL lead to constitutive activation of cytokine-regulated intracellular signalling pathways. The traditional therapy for PV and ET ...
Kim Seung-Soo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to compute the long-term clinical survival and complication rates of alumina-toughened zirconia abutments used for implant-supported restorations and to evaluate the effects of several clinical variables on these rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 1998 to September 2010, 213 patients aged ...
Procopio Giuseppe - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Though uncommon, the collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) of Bellini is a very aggressive primary renal tumour occurring in less than 1% of all renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cases. This rare subtype was always excluded from the prospective trials with targeted therapies. Few data so far available concern the subgroup ...
Lensch M William - - 2012
Easily accessed via venipuncture, blood has been an object of study for centuries. Direct sampling of the hematopoietic tissues in the bone marrow also presents a rather low bar for biopsy acquisition from living donors, especially when compared to other systems in the body such as the heart or brain. ...
Ratka-Krüger Petra - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical and microbiological outcomes of an Er:YAG laser in comparison with sonic debridement in the treatment of persistent periodontal pockets in a prospective randomized controlled multicenter study design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 patients in supportive periodontal therapy with two residual pockets were included, 58 ...
Colombo Cinzia - - 2012
Different strategies have been developed across countries to foster citizens' and patients' involvement, from health policies to patients' active participation in decisions regarding their health. The spectrum varies from systems where patients lead the reform of health care services, to others where a paternalistic approach still limits patients' autonomy in ...
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