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López-López José - - 2012
Aim: To determine the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and the frequency of root canal treatment in a sample of Spanish adults. Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Setting: Barcelona, Spain. Participants: A total of 397 adult subjects, 49% males and 51% females. Methods: Digital panoramic radiographs were used. Periapical status was scored according to the ...
Zeng Yue-Ping - - 2012
Background  Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (EHK) is an autosomal dominantly inherited genodermatosis manifesting with blistering and erythroderma in infancy and widespread hyperkeratosis of the skin, particularly over flexural areas, in adulthood. It can be classified into six clinical phenotypes. Case report  We report the case of a 25-year-old man who presented with ...
Szatmári István - - 2012
Doxycycline has been used in continually increasing quantities for mass treatment of food animals because of its greater bioavailability relative to older tetracyclines. The study presented in this paper was undertaken to investigate the degradation rate of the tetracycline derivative in manure-amended soil. In the present experiment, following composting, the ...
Gehoff Anastasia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: Preoperative 5-fluorouracil-based radiochemotherapy (RCT), followed by total mesorectal excision, is accepted as standard therapy in rectal cancers (UICC stages II and III). The accurate evaluation of ypN status after RCT with valuable lymph node (LN) harvest is essential for postoperative risk-adapted treatment decisions. Actual numbers of assessed LNs and ...
Lau Stephanie Hiu Yan - - 2012
Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) is an adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic biliary tree arising from the main left or right hepatic ducts or their confluence. This tumor is still considered to be difficult to treat or to cure. We reviewed the medical literature on HC. Relevant and updated information on this tumor ...
Hung Ching-I - - 2012
Aim:  The impact of migraine on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) after acute antidepressant treatment has not been addressed. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether or not the negative impact of migraine on HRQoL among outpatients with MDD continued ...
Guiney Robyn - - 2012
Objective:  The objective of this study was to determine whether farming suicides increased in Victoria during the prolonged drought in south eastern Australia and gain an understanding of Victorian farming suicides during the period. Method:  Intentional self-harm deaths of farmers and primary producers notified to the Victorian State Coroner from ...
Fan Chao - - 2012
The traditional hand-sewn Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications has remained high. A set of novel magnetic compressive anastomats was introduced to facilitate choledochojejunostomy and improve the prognosis of patients. After ligating the common bile duct for 7 days, 16 dogs were randomly divided into ...
Gobbato Luca - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to objectively define and quantify triangular, square, and square/tapered maxillary central incisors. In this study, the shape of maxillary central incisor crowns was investigated in 100 healthy individuals. The results showed that when the contact surface/crown length ratio is less than 43%, the tooth ...
Dickey E R - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the effects of production, physiology, egg quality, and economics of laying hens housed in a cage system when offered a calcium premolt treatment and low-energy molt diets versus a traditional feed withdrawal (FW) treatment during and after molt. In total, ...
Liu Y-Q - - 2012
The laying hen has a natural ability to deposit carotenoids into its egg yolks, especially the xanthophyll carotenoid lutein that is used commercially as an egg colorant. Can this ability to deposit carotenoids be used to enrich egg yolk provitamin A value? After a 10-d carotenoid depletion period in hens ...
Kolerman Roni - - 2012
Deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and human freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) were compared in five patients undergoing bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation using DBBM on one side and FDBA on the contralateral side. After 9 months, core biopsy specimens were harvested. Mean newly formed bone values were 31.8% and 27.2% ...
Crossingham G V - - 2012
Non-technical skills are recognised as crucial to good anaesthetic practice. We designed and evaluated a specialty-specific tool to assess non-technical aspects of trainee performance in theatre, based on a system previously found reliable in a recruitment setting. We compared inter-rater agreement (multir-ater kappa) for live assessments in theatre with that ...
Kruijt Bastiaan - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether light scattering of posterior capsule opacifications (PCOs) changes after fixation with paraformaldehyde (PFA). Methods: The intraocular lens with the lens capsule were extracted from pseudophakic donor eyes. Images of the extracted sample were acquired pre and post PFA-fixation using a dark field microscope. Light scatter intensity ...
Shmidt Eugenia - - 2012
Head lice are transmitted by head to head contact. Optimal therapy includes malathion lotion 0.5% repeated in one week left on for 30 minutes to 8 hours. Spinosad topical suspension 0.9% repeated in one week left on for 10 minutes is another option. Scabies is transmitted mainly by direct contact but also via ...
Brewer V B - - 2012
Phase-feeding (PF) has been effective in maintaining broiler growth while reducing production cost, but the effect on different broiler strains grown in a small-bird production scenario has not been assessed. The objective of this study was to evaluate 3 commercial broiler strains typically used in a small-bird production scenario to ...
Williamson Sean R - - 2012
Development of a somatic-type malignancy from a mixed germ cell tumor is a rare but recognized event and typically represented by sarcoma or, less commonly, by carcinoma. This phenomenon is generally believed to result from progression of a teratomatous component. In many cases, because of intermingling of other germ cell ...
Duan Xiao-Yan - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), especially nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, is a recognized risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, detailed analysis of the clinical features in patients with NAFLD and their association with HCC is lacking. This study aimed to update the clinical features of patients with NAFLD-associated HCC. The clinical ...
Kim Seok-Hyung - - 2012
Progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) often leads to vascular invasion and intrahepatic metastasis, which correlate with recurrence after surgical treatment and poor prognosis. HCC may be an unusual cancer affected by continuous inflammation that can lead to consistent upregulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Chronic inflammation shifts hepatocytic TGF-beta signaling ...
Singh Neera - - 2012
This investigation was undertaken to determine the effect of two different fly ashes [Kota and Inderprastha (IP)] amendment on the sorption behavior of metribuzin in three Indian soil types. The IP fly ash was very effective in increasing the metribuzin sorption in the soils. The sorption with IP amendment was ...
- - 2012
Reflected image assembly of a median sagittal section of the epididymal channel during the mating period in the seasonal breeder Podarcis sicula (lizard). The main channel lumen is filled with spermatozoa and secretory granules during this period. Details about the regionalization and specialization of this organ are detailed in Verderame ...
Vyas Soumil - - 2012
Brunner's gland adenoma (BGA) is an unusual benign neoplasm arising from Brunner's glands in the duodenum. When symptomatic it presents either with duodenal obstruction or bleeding. However, pancreatitis secondary to ampullary obstruction from a BGA is very rare. A 23-year-old female presented with recurrent episodes of "idiopathic" pancreatitis. She was ...
Tadano R - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to characterize genetic diversity within and differentiation between 5 closely related lines of Japanese-native chickens, the Nagoya breed, based on microsatellite polymorphisms. For 5 Nagoya lines, the mean number of alleles per locus, the observed heterozygosity, the expected heterozygosity, and the inbreeding coefficient ...
Rougière N - - 2012
Gizzard motility was compared between chickens from D(+) (high digestion efficiency) and D(-) (low digestion efficiency) genetic lines selected for divergent digestion efficiency, using strain gauge transducers. Motility was recorded continuously during 24 h in 6 birds per line. Two stimuli, a meal distribution after a feed-deprivation period and lighting ...
Gargano Lisa M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: India has some of the lowest immunization rates in the world. The objective of this study was to determine the attitudes and practices of pediatricians and physicians working in primary health centers (PHCs) regarding routine immunization and identify correlates of missed opportunities to vaccinate children. We focused on Uttar ...
Tzang Ruu-Fen - - 2012
Aim:  To determine the differences in the remission rate, recovery rate, functional improvement, and treatment adherence related to treatment with short-acting immediate-release methylphenidate (IR-MPH) and long-acting osmotic-release oral system-methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) in a naturalistic setting among Taiwanese children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods:  A total of 757 children with ADHD, aged ...
Winter J - - 2012
This study investigated the IGF-1-influence on oncological relevant genes in pleomorphic adenomas. Therefore A64-tumor cells were stimulated by recombinant IGF-1. After RNA-extraction, transcript levels of hBD-1, hBD-2, hBD-3, DEFA1/3, DEFA4, S100A4, Psoriasin, DOC-1, EGF, EGFR, and IGFR were analyzed by qRT-PCR at t = 0, 4, 8, 24, 48, and ...
Landau R - - 2012
Approximately 50 years ago, pharmacogenetics was described as a new field of medicine that may explain human drug action. Anaesthesia played a key role in the early investigations. An understanding of how a person's DNA influences drug metabolism and effectiveness may allow individually tailored prescriptions, improving outcomes and safety. The ultimate ...
Soleimani A F - - 2012
Environmental stressors may influence chicken performance and susceptibility to pathogens, such as Salmonella enteritidis. This study was conducted to determine the effects of heat shock protein (Hsp)70 expression on resistance to Salmonella enteritidis infection in broiler chickens subjected to heat exposure. Chicks were divided into 3 feeding regimens: ad libitum ...
Wong Su-Ming - - 2012
Background  Vitiligo is a chronic disease and can have significant impairment on patients' quality of life (QoL). Studies have shown that limitations in QoL are similar in magnitude to patients with other chronic skin diseases like psoriasis. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) ...
Antoun Hadi - - 2012
In this retrospective study, 44 patients received screw-retained full-arch acrylic resin provisional prostheses connected on 4 or 6 implants in the mandible or maxilla, respectively. With a mean follow-up of 17.6 months, 3 of 205 implants were lost and replaced successfully. Cosmetic fractures were shown in six patients; one abutment ...
Meyerhoff R R - - 2012
In the United States, turkey production contributes approximately $14.4 billion to the US economy; however, the number of reagents specifically developed to study the immune system of this economically important species is limited. To compensate for this, laboratories focused on the turkey system have each empirically tested various chicken-specific reagents ...
Jin Shu-Guang - - 2012
Liver transplantation can lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the risk factors associated with this progression are not well understood. To study this syndrome in adult liver transplant recipients, a cross-sectional investigation of 296 recipients at our hospital was carried out between January and June 2010. ...
Nataraj Makkimane B - - 2012
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of environmentally realistic concentrations of two commonly used pesticides viz., malathion and cypermethrin, using a fully 3 × 3 factorial experiments on the survivability and time of metamorphosis in a common rice paddy field frog (cricket frog) Fejervarya limnocharis under laboratory conditions. ...
Forgetta V - - 2012
An Escherichia spp. isolate, ECD-227, was previously identified from the broiler chicken as a phylogenetically divergent and multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli possessing numerous virulence genes. In this study, whole genome sequencing and comparative genome analysis was used to further characterize this isolate. The presence of known and putative antibiotic resistance and ...
Ramos-E-Silva Marcia - - 2012
Background  Mesotherapy or intradermotherapy is used as a cosmetic procedure for many purposes, among them for cellulite. Methods  We report a case of oleoma on the thighs and buttocks that appeared two years after the injection of an unknown substance for improvement of cellulite. Results  Lesions and associated pruritus resolved with ...
Crespi Roberto - - 2012
The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the 24-month clinical outcomes of immediate provisionalization of dental implants placed in fresh extraction sockets using a flapless technique. Fifteen patients were included under strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients required one or two teeth to be extracted for lesions ...
Houshmand M - - 2012
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of period on the performance, immunity, and some stress indicators of broilers fed 2 levels of protein and stocked at a normal or high stocking density. Experimental treatments consisted of a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement with 2 levels of ...
Pillmann Frank - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this work is to investigate differences between two non-schizophrenic, non-organic psychotic disorders, namely persistent delusional disorders (PDD) and acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPD) according to ICD-10. Method:  In a prospective and longitudinal study, we compared all 43 inpatients with PDD who were treated at Halle-Wittenberg ...
Jones Michael - - 2012
Objective:  Evidence indicates that medical graduates with a rural background are more likely to become rural doctors than those with an urban background (the rural background effect (RBE)). Exactly why this is so has rarely been studied. This study sought to identify the role of social, environmental and economic factors ...
Zhao Yu-Pei - - 2012
Pancreatic fistula (PF) remains the most challenging complication in pancreatic surgery, yet few published studies have focused on the risk factors for postoperative PF in patients undergoing surgery for insulinomas. From January 1990 to February 2010, a total of 292 patients with insulinomas underwent surgery at Peking Union Medical College ...
Blevins S - - 2012
ABSTRACT Liver enzymes are essential to xenobiotic metabolism. Expression of these enzymes is dependent upon factors such as age and sex. The objective of this study was to determine basal liver enzyme levels in male and female White Leghorn chickens to provide reference values for future studies. Chickens from 2 ...
El-Adawy H - - 2012
Two turkey flocks (male and female) and the environment of their house were investigated for the presence of thermophilic Campylobacter. Sample DNA was extracted directly from fecal material and environmental samples. Bacterial identification was done using a modified Campylobacter species specific multiplex PCR. The times needed for colonization and prevalence ...
Pereira Frederick A - - 2012
Idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis (IGLM) is a rare breast condition with prominent skin findings. It is typically seen in young parous women. Painful breast masses, draining sinuses, scarring, and breast atrophy are the main clinical manifestations. IGLM can resemble a variety of other inflammatory and neoplastic processes of the breast. ...
Avila-Ramos F - - 2012
The antioxidant effect of oregano essential oil and vitamin E was evaluated in cooked chicken breast meat. In total, 480 broilers were randomly assigned to 6 treatments and 4 replications. Broilers were raised with a corn-soybean meal diet including either crude soybean oil or acidulated soybean oil soapstock, each supplemented ...
Martinez Antonio - - 2012
Bone marrow involvement by lymphoma is considered a systemic dissemination of the disease arising elsewhere, although some tumors may arise primarily in the bone marrow microenvironment. Primary bone marrow lymphoma (PBML) is a rare entity whose real boundaries and clinicobiological significance are not well defined. Criteria to diagnose PBML encompass ...
Papanas N - - 2012
Both oral and intravenous administration of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has been investigated as add-on treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. The recent Neurological Assessment of Thioctic Acid in Diabetic Neuropathy (NATHAN) 1 trial has shown that 4-year oral ALA administration is of some value in achieving a clinically meaningful improvement and ...
Chang Luye - - 2012
Reports an error in "Separating method factors and higher order traits of the big five: A meta-analytic multitrait-multimethod approach" by Luye Chang, Brian S. Connelly and Alexis A. Geeza (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Oct 3, 2011, np). In the articles Discussion section, the authors state ...
Magnoli A P - - 2012
Animal feed may be contaminated with different mycotoxins, with aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) being a very common and toxic compound. Considering that birds normally have to cope with different stressful situations at the same time, the present study aims to evaluate the effects of feed contamination with AFB(1) in combination with ...
Mickenautsch Steffen - - 2012
The objective of this study was to appraise the clinical evidence and its bias risk regarding the anticariogenic effect of xylitol in comparison with that of fluoride. Databases were searched for clinical trials up to 18 March 2011. Article inclusion criteria were as follows: caries-related primary outcomes were tested; xylitol ...
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