Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2154
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Konno Shingo - - 2012
We report a 71-year-old man with legionellosis, who presented with abducens nerve palsy, singultus, confusion, memory impairment, ataxia, and hyporeflexia. Legionella pneumonia was diagnosed on the basis of detection of Legionella pneumophila antigen in the urine. The cerebrospinal fluid was negative for the antigen and antibody, but an oligoclonal band ...
Gartland Alison A Mellanby Centre for Bone Research, Academic Unit of Bone Biology, Department of Human Metabolism, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. - - 2012
The P2X7 receptor gene (P2RX7) is highly polymorphic with five previously described loss-of-function (LOF) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP; c.151+1G>T, c.946G>A, c.1096C>G, c.1513A>C and c.1729T>A) and one gain-of-function SNP (c.489C>T). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the functional P2RX7 SNPs are associated with lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density ...
Libório Alexandre Braga - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Renal complications in acromegaly include glomerular hyperfiltration, insulin resistance, hypercalciuria and urolithiasis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether urinary calcium (U(Ca)) excretion is a direct consequence of growth hormone secretion or secondary to hyperfiltration and/or insulin resistance. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 58 patients ...
Dhakras Dipti - - 2012
PVDF nanofibers are prepared using electrospinning. The effect of addition of a hydrated salt, nickel chloride hexahydrate (NiCl(2)·6H(2)O), on the phase formation is examined. Addition of the hydrated salt (NC) is found to enhance the polar β phase by about 30%. The peak to peak piezo-voltage generated for PVDF NC ...
Ben-Sasson Ayelet - - 2012
This study was designed to examine the generalizability and validity of the First Year Inventory (FYI) in Israel. Parents completed the FYI about their 12-month-olds (N = 471). Up to one month later, 17 at-risk and 38 non-risk infants participated in an assessment in which the Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) ...
Cooper Ziva D ZD College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Division on Substance Abuse, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, - - 2012
Commonly abused drugs including opioids, stimulants and alcohol activate glia cells, an effect that has been identified across species. Glia, specifically astrocytes and microglia, have been shown to contribute directly to behaviors predictive of the abuse liability of these drugs. Although still in its infancy, research investigating the effects of ...
Collier S A - - 2012
SUMMARYDespite US sanitation advancements, millions of waterborne disease cases occur annually, although the precise burden of disease is not well quantified. Estimating the direct healthcare cost of specific infections would be useful in prioritizing waterborne disease prevention activities. Hospitalization and outpatient visit costs per case and total US hospitalization costs ...
Yonezawa Hisanobu - - 2012
Abstract -  An 11-year-old male who injured his maxilla and right maxillary central incisor and lip during a fall was presented to our hospital. His lower lip and upper gingiva were lacerated with swelling and epistaxis, and he had a maxillary alveolar bone fracture and severe intrusion of the right maxillary ...
Furutani Shunsuke - - 2012
In order to be able to detect the expression of a gene in individual cells, the ability to isolate and lyse a single cell and to perform reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in one device is important. As is common, when performing cell lysis and RT-PCR in the same ...
Vu Hoa Q - - 2012
To produce alien monosomic addition lines (AMALs) of Allium cepa (genomes CC, 2n = 2x = 16) carrying extrachromosomes from Allium roylei (RR, 2n = 2x = 16), reciprocal backcrossing of allotriploids (2n = 24, CCR) with diploids (2n = 16, CC) and selfing of a single allotriploid were carried out. The chromosome numbers in the BC(2)F(1) and BC(1)F(2) progenies ranged from ...
Lu Junpeng - - 2012
Single crystalline ternary ZnS(x)Se(1-x) nanowires with uniform chemical stoichiometry and accurately controllable compositions (0≤x≤ 1) were synthesized through a simple and yet effective one-step approach with a specially designed modification. Energy-gap-tuning via compositional change was achieved for a direct band gap from 2.6 to 3.6 eV. Raman spectroscopy studies revealed ...
Do J - - 2012
Automatic stop-orders (ASOs) have been utilized to discourage inappropriately prolonged antibiotic therapy. An ASO policy, which required reordering of antibiotics after 7 days of therapy, had been in place at our institution prior to 2002, but was revoked after instances of compromised patient care due to inadvertent and inappropriate interruption ...
Rimar D - - 2012
The role of regulatory T cells (T-regs) in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) was never evaluated. Preliminary studies that we have conducted suggested a rise in the number of regulatory T cells after FMF attacks reaching a maximal level at 7 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the percentage ...
Bosemani Thangamadhan - - 2012
Infantile hepatic hemangioma is the most common benign liver tumor during infancy. Prompt diagnosis and timely institution of therapy are of utmost importance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a key role in the correct diagnosis and monitoring of treatment. We report on a 15-week-old girl with multifocal infantile hemangiomas of ...
Lauridsen Eva - - 2012
Abstract -  Aim: To analyze the influence of a crown fracture without pulp exposure on the risk of pulp necrosis (PN) in teeth with extrusion or lateral luxation. Material and methods: The study included 82 permanent incisors with extrusion from 78 patients (57 male, 21 female) and 179 permanent incisors with lateral ...
Hung Albert M - - 2012
Large-area films of vertically-aligned semiconductor nanorods have the potential to be useful, active materials for optoelectronic devices. We demonstrate here a highly facile thermal annealing approach for reversibly assembling 28 nm long CdSe nanorods into vertically aligned arrays in solution. Using temperature to control solvent strength, aggregated nanorods in a ...
Steiner Eric T - - 2012
Because of wide disparities in college students' math knowledge-that is, their math achievement-studies of cognitive processing in math tasks also need to assess their individual level of math achievement. For many research settings, however, using existing math achievement tests is either too costly or too time consuming. To solve this ...
Ishida Naoki - - 2012
The rhodium-catalysed reaction of 1-(2-haloaryl)cyclobutanols afforded 3,3-disubstituted α-tetralones. The reaction was applied to the asymmetric synthesis of α-tetralones bearing a chiral quaternary carbon centre at the 3-position, which was otherwise difficult to execute.
Lim Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The restoration of intestinal continuity after open abdominal surgery can be technically challenging. The authors describe their experience with the laparoscopic approach to attempted reversal for patients with an exteriorized intestine. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients under the care of a single surgeon (D.B.) underwent laparoscopic restoration of ...
Huang Peng - - 2012
A convenient and efficient synthesis of substituted 2,3-dihydrothieno[3,2-c]pyridin-4(5H)-ones has been developed and relies upon a domino reaction of dimethylaminopropenoyl cyclopropanes initiated by Lawesson's reagent. A mechanism involving regioselective thionation, ring-enlargement, and an intramolecular aza-cyclization sequence is proposed. This protocol was utilized as a one-pot route to thieno[3,2-c]pyridin-4(5H)-ones with DDQ as ...
Tabet Anne-Claude - - 2012
The pericentromeric region of chromosome 16p is rich in segmental duplications that predispose to rearrangements through non-allelic homologous recombination. Several recurrent copy number variations have been described recently in chromosome 16p. 16p11.2 rearrangements (29.5-30.1 Mb) are associated with autism, intellectual disability (ID) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Another recognizable but less ...
Tan Xiuwen - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to investigate the feasibility of using less-concentrated cryoprotectants supplemented with ice blocker Supercool X-1000 to vitrify ovarian tissues. Mouse ovaries were cryopreserved in different concentrations of vitrification solution alone or with Supercool X-1000, and fresh non-frozen ovaries were used as control. The proportions of ...
Johansson H - - 2012
Treatment criteria published by the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) in the UK make more efficient use of bone mineral density (BMD) resources than the previous Royal College of Physicians (RCP) guideline. INTRODUCTION: We compared the effectiveness of the RCP case-finding strategy previously used in the UK and the updated ...
Sáez-Barranquero Felipe - - 2012
We report a case of a rare congenital malformation, a urogenital sinus cyst in a young patient with non-specific symptoms for several months. A 21-year-old male presented with vague and intermittent abdominal pain. Ultrasound scan showed a retrovesical hypoechoic collection (approximately 6 cm) and left renal agenesis, compatible with a possible ...
Kawasaki Kohkichi - - 2012
To address the effect of taxis of invasive animals on their spreading speed in heterogeneous environments, we deal with an advection-diffusion-reaction equation (ADR) in a periodic patchy environment. Two-types of advection that spatially vary depending on environmental heterogeneity are taken into consideration: a stepwise taxis function and a saw-like taxis ...
Cummings Charles Y - - 2012
Rate constants for recombination and hole transfer during oxygen evolution at illuminated α-Fe(2)O(3) electrodes were measured by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy and found to be remarkably low. Treatment of the electrode with a Co(ii) solution suppressed surface recombination but did not catalyse hole transfer. Intermediates in the reaction were detected spectroscopically.
Kristensen Steen Dalby - - 2012
Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) are antithrombotic agents preventing the binding of fibrinogen to GP IIb/IIIa receptors. Thus, GPI interfere with interplatelet bridging mediated by fibrinogen. Currently, three generic GPI with different antithrombotic properties are available for intravenous administration: abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban. The development of oral GPI was abandoned, ...
Cohen Marc - - 2012
Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have shown equivalent or superior efficacy and safety to unfractionated heparin as antithrombotic therapy for patients with acute coronary syndromes. Each approved LMWH is a pleotropic biological agent with a unique chemical, biochemical, biophysical and biological profile and displays different pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. As a result, ...
Bornemann Rahel - - 2012
There is controversy about how to treat vertebral fractures. Conservative care is the default approach. Radiofrequency kyphoplasty uses ultrahigh viscosity cement to restore spinal posture and stabilize the fracture. The aims of this study were to compare radiofrequency kyphoplasty to conservative care and assess the usual algorithm of starting all ...
Holm René - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the rectal absorption of vigabatrin in rats, based on the hypothesis that PAT1 (Slc36a1) is involved. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed rectally with five different gels, varying in buffer capacity, the amount of vigabatrin, and co-administration of proline or tryptophan. Western blotting was used to detect ...
Rigouin Coraline - - 2012
The exopolysaccharide (EPS) HE800 is a marine-derived polysaccharide (from 8 × 10(5) to 1.5 × 10(6) g mol(-1)) produced by Vibrio diabolicus and displaying original structural features close to those of glycosaminoglycans. In order to confer new biological activities to the EPS HE800 or to improve them, structural modifications need to be performed. In particular, depolymerisation ...
Liu Zhuo - - 2012
We studied the genomic instability and methylation status of the mismatch-repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 and hMSH2, and the imprinted genes H19/IGF2, in fetuses with neural tube defects (NTDs) to explore the pathogenesis of the disease. Microsatellite instability (MSI) was observed in 23 of 50 NTD patients. Five NTD patients showed ...
van Dokkum Liesjet L Movement to Health Laboratory, Montpellier-1 University, EuroMov, 700 Avenue du Pic Saint Loup, 34090 Montpellier, - - 2012
We investigated the visual perception of biological movement by people post-stroke, using minimal kinematic displays. A group of twenty patients and a group of twelve age-matched healthy controls were asked to judge movement fluency. The movements to judge were either displayed as an end-point dot or as a stick-figure of ...
Kumar Manoj - - 2012
A new thiacalix[4]arene-cinnamaldehyde derivative 3, which undergoes red shift in the fluorescence spectrum in the presence of Ag(+) ions, has been synthesized. This emission shift is attributed to the intramolecular charge transfer process in the presence of Ag(+) ions with a detection limit in the nanomolar range.
Al-Ani Omar - - 2012
AIMS: The mandibular incisive nerve can be subjected to iatrogenic injury during bone graft harvesting. Using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), this study aims to determine a safe zone for bone graft harvesting that avoids injuring this nerve. METHODS: Sixty CBCT examinations of patients were included in this study. The ...
Kumar Ruchita V - - 2012
In the current study, the potential of a novel combination of a galactomannan with acarbose (100 mg) was evaluated for attaining a desired hypoglycaemic effect over a prolonged period of time. Three major antidiabetic galactomannans viz., fenugreek gum, Boswellia gum, and locust bean gum were selected in order to achieve ...
Manns Michael P - - 2012
Objective: To review long-term safety data from the rollover study ETV-901, focusing on adverse events (AEs) with a potential nucleos(t)ide association. Methods: The open-label study ETV-901 (AI463901) assessed the safety of entecavir in chronic hepatitis B patients who received entecavir, lamivudine or adefovir monotherapy in previous entecavir Phase II/III studies. ...
Sebro R - - 2012
Population stratification occurs when a study population is comprised of several sub-populations, and can result in increased false positive findings in genomewide-association studies. Recently published work shows that sub-population-specific positive assortative mating at the genotypic level results in population stratification. We show that if the allele frequency of a single ...
Ramke Jacqueline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution and sociodemographic associations of BMI (kg/m2) among adults aged ≥40 years living in Timor-Leste. DESIGN: BMI was calculated for participants of a population-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Urban and rural Timor-Leste. SUBJECTS: Adults aged ≥40 years living in Timor-Leste. RESULTS: Of those enumerated, 2014 participated (89·5 ...
Li Qi - - 2012
To study the inhibitory effect of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B(NF-κB) antisense oligodeoxynucleotide(ASODN) on the growth and tumorgenesis of human gastric cancer. We synthesized and transfected the ASODN of NF-κB/P65 to gastric cancer cell line. The effect of ASODN of NF-κB/P65 on the proliferation of gastric cancer cells was measured by ...
Oguz S Suna - - 2012
Background Recently several developed countries have improved the safety and efficacy of drugs used in infants and pediatric patients. Most drugs administered to adults have licensed approvals outlining indications, doses, and the recommended route of administration. However, many drugs that are given to children are unlicensed or used off-label. Objectives ...
Takahashi Hidehiko - - 2012
The role of dopamine D1 receptors in prefrontal cortex function, including working memory, is well acknowledged. However, relatively little is known about their role in other cognitive or emotional functions. We measured both D1 and D2 receptors in the brain using positron emission tomography in healthy subjects, with the aim ...
Messerli-Bürgy N N Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK. - - 2012
Depressed mood following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a risk factor for future cardiac morbidity. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation is associated with depression, and may be a process through which depressive symptoms influence later cardiac health. Additionally, a history of depression predicts depressive symptoms in the weeks following ACS. ...
Al-Hadithy Nawfal - - 2012
Whilst patients undergoing total knee replacements generally have good relief of their symptoms, up to 20% complain of persisting pain. Revision rates have therefore been rising, particularly so for unexplained pain. We reviewed the causes of painful total knee replacements including extrinsic causes. Forty-five consecutive patients referred to our department ...
Inamoto Kiyofumi - - 2012
An efficient coupling of terminal alkynes and CO(2) in the presence of alkyl halides can be achieved under ambient conditions using a copper/phosphine catalyst system, providing facile access to a variety of functionalised alkyl 2-alkynoates.
Billman George E - - 2012
Amiodarone is one of the most effective antiarrhythmic drugs. However, poor solubility of this compound has limited its intravenous application. SAR11464A is a water-soluble amiodarone-like drug that lacks iodine and inhibits multiple cardiac ion channels in vitro. This study evaluated the antiarrhythmic efficacy of this drug in vivo. In porcine ...
Wang Zaosheng - - 2012
The marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei were used as an active biomonitoring organism to assess the bioavailability and impact of metal contaminants in seven study sites along the Maluan Bay of China. Metal concentrations in the hepatopancreas of shrimps were determined in conjunction with four biomarkers responses after a 7 day in ...
Yang Fang - - 2012
We investigated the influence of an egg-enriched diet on plasma, hepatic and fecal lipid levels and on gene expression levels of transporters, receptors and enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism. Sprague-Dawley rats fed an egg-enriched diet had lower plasma triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, hepatic triglyceride, and cholesterol concentrations, ...
Garcia-Martin Fayna - - 2012
A standardized and smooth protocol for solid-phase glycopeptides synthesis under microwave irradiation was developed. Double activation system was proved to allow for highly efficient coupling of Tn-Ser/Thr and bulky core 2-Ser/Thr derivatives. Versatility and robustness of the present strategy was demonstrated by constructing a Mucine-1 (MUC1) fragment and glycosylated fragments ...
Nugroho Hermawan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a cutaneous pigmentary disorder characterized by depigmented macules and patches that result from loss of epidermal melanocytes. Physician evaluates the efficacy of treatment by comparing the extent of vitiligo lesions before and after treatment based on the overall visual impression of the treatment response. This method is ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >