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Results 251 - 300 of 2154
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Singh Yogesh Preet - - 2012
Juvenile arthritis damage index (JADI) consists of two parts which measure articular (JADI-A) and extra-articular (JADI-E) damage in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). It does not include assessment of cardiac dysfunction and joint areas commonly affected in enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) category of JIA. We have tried to study if ...
Shmueli Amir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a major contributor to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Our objectives in this study are to economically assess, from the payer perspective, routine screening for pre-eclampsia using placental markers - placental protein 13 and placental growth factor - and uterine artery Doppler compared with standard care. ...
Cohen Marc - - 2012
Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have shown equivalent or superior efficacy and safety to unfractionated heparin as antithrombotic therapy for patients with acute coronary syndromes. Each approved LMWH is a pleotropic biological agent with a unique chemical, biochemical, biophysical and biological profile and displays different pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. As a result, ...
Holm René - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the rectal absorption of vigabatrin in rats, based on the hypothesis that PAT1 (Slc36a1) is involved. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed rectally with five different gels, varying in buffer capacity, the amount of vigabatrin, and co-administration of proline or tryptophan. Western blotting was used to detect ...
Rigouin Coraline - - 2012
The exopolysaccharide (EPS) HE800 is a marine-derived polysaccharide (from 8 × 10(5) to 1.5 × 10(6) g mol(-1)) produced by Vibrio diabolicus and displaying original structural features close to those of glycosaminoglycans. In order to confer new biological activities to the EPS HE800 or to improve them, structural modifications need to be performed. In particular, depolymerisation ...
Inamoto Kiyofumi - - 2012
An efficient coupling of terminal alkynes and CO(2) in the presence of alkyl halides can be achieved under ambient conditions using a copper/phosphine catalyst system, providing facile access to a variety of functionalised alkyl 2-alkynoates.
Billman George E - - 2012
Amiodarone is one of the most effective antiarrhythmic drugs. However, poor solubility of this compound has limited its intravenous application. SAR11464A is a water-soluble amiodarone-like drug that lacks iodine and inhibits multiple cardiac ion channels in vitro. This study evaluated the antiarrhythmic efficacy of this drug in vivo. In porcine ...
Wang Zaosheng - - 2012
The marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei were used as an active biomonitoring organism to assess the bioavailability and impact of metal contaminants in seven study sites along the Maluan Bay of China. Metal concentrations in the hepatopancreas of shrimps were determined in conjunction with four biomarkers responses after a 7 day in ...
Yang Fang - - 2012
We investigated the influence of an egg-enriched diet on plasma, hepatic and fecal lipid levels and on gene expression levels of transporters, receptors and enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism. Sprague-Dawley rats fed an egg-enriched diet had lower plasma triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, hepatic triglyceride, and cholesterol concentrations, ...
Garcia-Martin Fayna - - 2012
A standardized and smooth protocol for solid-phase glycopeptides synthesis under microwave irradiation was developed. Double activation system was proved to allow for highly efficient coupling of Tn-Ser/Thr and bulky core 2-Ser/Thr derivatives. Versatility and robustness of the present strategy was demonstrated by constructing a Mucine-1 (MUC1) fragment and glycosylated fragments ...
Zhang Shenyi - - 2012
A highly selective colorimetric and fluorescence enhanced probe S1 (M2@Cu) for histidine and histidine-rich proteins has been developed. In neutral aqueous ethanol solution, probe S1 can selectively detect histidine out of twenty DNA encoded amino acids by showing a color change from brownish red to light green, and with a ...
Kootte R S - - 2012
Hyperthyroidism is associated with several changes in the haemostatic system resulting in a hypercoagulable state. It is uncertain at this stage whether this leads to an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the risk of VTE in all patients with ...
Furutani Shunsuke - - 2012
In order to be able to detect the expression of a gene in individual cells, the ability to isolate and lyse a single cell and to perform reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in one device is important. As is common, when performing cell lysis and RT-PCR in the same ...
Vu Hoa Q - - 2012
To produce alien monosomic addition lines (AMALs) of Allium cepa (genomes CC, 2n = 2x = 16) carrying extrachromosomes from Allium roylei (RR, 2n = 2x = 16), reciprocal backcrossing of allotriploids (2n = 24, CCR) with diploids (2n = 16, CC) and selfing of a single allotriploid were carried out. The chromosome numbers in the BC(2)F(1) and BC(1)F(2) progenies ranged from ...
Lu Junpeng - - 2012
Single crystalline ternary ZnS(x)Se(1-x) nanowires with uniform chemical stoichiometry and accurately controllable compositions (0≤x≤ 1) were synthesized through a simple and yet effective one-step approach with a specially designed modification. Energy-gap-tuning via compositional change was achieved for a direct band gap from 2.6 to 3.6 eV. Raman spectroscopy studies revealed ...
Do J - - 2012
Automatic stop-orders (ASOs) have been utilized to discourage inappropriately prolonged antibiotic therapy. An ASO policy, which required reordering of antibiotics after 7 days of therapy, had been in place at our institution prior to 2002, but was revoked after instances of compromised patient care due to inadvertent and inappropriate interruption ...
Rimar D - - 2012
The role of regulatory T cells (T-regs) in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) was never evaluated. Preliminary studies that we have conducted suggested a rise in the number of regulatory T cells after FMF attacks reaching a maximal level at 7 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the percentage ...
Bosemani Thangamadhan - - 2012
Infantile hepatic hemangioma is the most common benign liver tumor during infancy. Prompt diagnosis and timely institution of therapy are of utmost importance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays a key role in the correct diagnosis and monitoring of treatment. We report on a 15-week-old girl with multifocal infantile hemangiomas of ...
Bilen Ciğdem - - 2012
Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) was purified from bovine serum using hydrophobic interaction chromotography on Sepharose 4B-coupled l-tyrosine 1-naphthylamine gel, and monitored by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Paraoxonase enzyme was immobilized using different ratios of glutaraldehyde and the maximum activity was observed with 7% glutaraldehyde. The effects of inhibition ...
van Schouwenburg Inge M - - 2012
This study examined the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with elevated albuminuria. In 1997-1998, inhabitants of Groningen, the Netherlands, aged 28-75 years (n = 85 421), were invited to participate in the PREVEND (Prevention of REnal and Vascular ENd stage Disease) Study, an observational, population-based cohort study. Albuminuria was measured and ...
Glauser B F - - 2012
Patent protection for enoxaparin has expired. Generic preparations are developed and approved for clinical use in different countries. However, there is still skepticism about the possibility of making an exact copy of the original drug due to the complex processes involved in generating low-molecular-weight heparins. We have undertaken a careful ...
Forfar Laura C - - 2012
Reaction of equimolar quantities of MX (M = Au, Cu, X = Cl; M = Ag, X = OTf) and GaCl(3) in CH(2)Cl(2) with P(4) leads to phosphorus ligating a cationic coinage metal centre. For Cu and Ag, ion-contacted coordination polymers are formed; for Au, an ion-separated complex is observed ...
Rotta I - - 2012
Background:  Analysis of the comparative efficacy and safety of topical antifungals in the literature is restricted to the treatment of tinea pedis and onychomycosis. Objectives:  To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of topical antifungals used in the treatment of dermatomycosis. Methods:  We performed a comprehensive search for randomized ...
Bezgin Tuğba - - 2012
Abstract -  Aim: The aim of this study was to compare calcium hydroxide plus points (CHPPs) with the conventional calcium hydroxide paste (CHP) clinically and radiographically as materials used in apexification treatment. Material and methods: Sixteen children, each with at least one necrotic permanent central incisor requiring apexification treatment, were selected for this ...
Yee Samantha - - 2012
This study explores the attitudes, knowledge, and referring behaviors in fertility preservation among Ontario physicians providing adult cancer care. Ontario physicians with specialties in medical oncology, radiation oncology, gynaecologic oncology, and urology were invited to complete a 48-item questionnaire. A total of 152 questionnaires were available for analysis with a ...
Tan Ek Khoon - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver surgery is gaining increasing acceptance worldwide, but its frontiers are constantly challenged. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) has been performed for various organs, but the feasibility of LESS hepatectomies has yet to be explored fully. METHODS: From May 2010 to March 2011, seven patients underwent LESS minor hepatectomies. ...
Ikeda K - - 2012
Background  The ventral and dorsal streams are considered to be the brain substrates of vision for perception and action, respectively. Using the Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP), the current study examined whether visual perceptual strengths and weaknesses in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) were attributable to the dichotomy of ...
Hamesch K - - 2012
Impaired endothelial recovery after the implantation of drug-eluting stents is a major concern because of the increased risk for late stent thrombosis. The disruption of the chemokine axis CXCL12/CXCR4 inhibits neointima formation by blocking the recruitment of smooth muscle progenitor cells. To directly compare a CXCR4-targeting treatment strategy with drugs ...
Li Jessie - - 2012
In this study, in vitro intestinal lipid digestion and the physicochemical and microstructural changes of sodium caseinate-stabilized emulsions were examined after the emulsions had been digested in a model simulated gastric fluid containing pepsin for different times. The average size, size distribution, microstructure, proteolysis of interfacial proteins and lipolysis of ...
Goyal Abhinav - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines recommend maintaining serum potassium levels between 4.0 and 5.0 mEq/L in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These guidelines are based on small studies that associated low potassium levels with ventricular arrhythmias in the pre-β-blocker and prereperfusion era. Current studies examining the relationship between potassium levels and ...
Seppälä Petri - - 2012
The bis(μ-dialkoxo)-bridged trinuclear copper(ii) complexes [Cu(3)(ap)(4)(ClO(4))(2)EtOH] (1), [Cu(3)(ap)(4)(NO(3))(2)] (2), [Cu(3)(ap)(4)Br(2)] (3) and [Cu(3)(ae)(4)(NO(3))(2)] (4) (ae = 2-aminoethanolato and ap = 3-aminopropanolato) have been synthesised via self-assembly from chelating aminoalcohol ligands with the corresponding copper(ii) salts. The complexes are characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and variable temperature magnetic measurements. The ...
Suwannateep N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anticarcinogenic properties. However, the strong lipophilic compound is not easily applicable, neither in water, nor directly in o/w formulations. So far, loading of nano or micro scaled carriers has enabled only an uptake up to 30% of curcumin. METHOD: In the ...
Amey-Özel Monique - - 2012
The nocturnally active weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii is known to employ active electrolocation for the detection of objects and for orientation in its environment. The fish emits pulse-type electric signals with an electric organ and perceives these signals with more than 3,000 epidermal electroreceptor organs, the mormyromasts, which are ...
Annadurai T - - 2012
In the present study, the putative antihyperglycemic and antioxidant effects of a flavanone, naringenin, were evaluated in comparison with those of glyclazide, a standard drug for therapy of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes was induced experimentally in 12-h-fasted rats by intraperitoneal injections of first streptozotocin (50 mg/kg b.w.) and then of nicotinamide (110 mg/kg ...
Johansson H - - 2012
Treatment criteria published by the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) in the UK make more efficient use of bone mineral density (BMD) resources than the previous Royal College of Physicians (RCP) guideline. INTRODUCTION: We compared the effectiveness of the RCP case-finding strategy previously used in the UK and the updated ...
Sáez-Barranquero Felipe - - 2012
We report a case of a rare congenital malformation, a urogenital sinus cyst in a young patient with non-specific symptoms for several months. A 21-year-old male presented with vague and intermittent abdominal pain. Ultrasound scan showed a retrovesical hypoechoic collection (approximately 6 cm) and left renal agenesis, compatible with a possible ...
Kawasaki Kohkichi - - 2012
To address the effect of taxis of invasive animals on their spreading speed in heterogeneous environments, we deal with an advection-diffusion-reaction equation (ADR) in a periodic patchy environment. Two-types of advection that spatially vary depending on environmental heterogeneity are taken into consideration: a stepwise taxis function and a saw-like taxis ...
Cummings Charles Y - - 2012
Rate constants for recombination and hole transfer during oxygen evolution at illuminated α-Fe(2)O(3) electrodes were measured by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy and found to be remarkably low. Treatment of the electrode with a Co(ii) solution suppressed surface recombination but did not catalyse hole transfer. Intermediates in the reaction were detected spectroscopically.
Tsukahara Kazue - - 2012
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to reveal gender-dependent differences in the degree of facial wrinkles. METHODS: Subjects comprised 173 Japanese men and women, divided into four groups according to age. Photographs were taken from nine facial regions and used to classify the intensity of wrinkles into five grades. In addition, replicas ...
Kumar Abhay - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Diffuse edema involving the posterior fossa may be seen with hypertensive encephalopathy and has rarely been reported to cause hydrocephalus. We present three such cases and review the literature to better delineate this uniquely reversible syndrome. METHODS: Case reports and review of literature. RESULTS: Three patients with hypertensive encephalopathy ...
van Vooren Priya R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to delineate the minimal conditions for extinction of Pavlovian modulation in humans. Previous experiments at our lab showed that, after X [Symbol: see text] A+/A- acquisition training, X- trials did not extinguish differential X [Symbol: see text] A+/A- responding, while X [Symbol: see text] ...
Pang Yi - - 2012
Purpose:  The aim was to determine whether baseline measurements of binocular vision are associated with symptoms of convergence insufficiency (CI) both before and after CI treatment with base-in prism in symptomatic presbyopes. We further determined the factors that predicted CI treatment outcomes. Methods:  A total of 29 symptomatic CI subjects ...
Ma Bing-Ji - - 2012
 The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 11 January 2012; doi:10.1038/ja.2011.135.
Hill A N - - 2012
SUMMARYWe present a mathematical transmission model of tuberculosis in the USA. The model is calibrated to recent trends of declining incidence in the US-born and foreign-born populations and is used in assessing relative impacts of treatment of latently infected individuals on elimination time, where elimination is defined as annual incidence ...
Grieger J A - - 2012
Background:There is little information on how breakfast choices are associated with dietary intakes in Australian boys.Objective:(i) To determine the proportion of breakfast skippers, ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) consumers and non-RTEC consumers at breakfast; (ii) to compare breakfast, and daily nutrient intakes and nutrient density, between the three groups; and (iii) to ...
Tang Qiong - - 2012
The increases in persistent sodium currents (I (Na.P)) and Na(+)/H(+) exchange (NHE) causes intracellular Ca(2+) overload. The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of I (Na.P) and NHE on the hypoxia- or acute ischemia-induced increase in the reverse Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange current (HIR- or AIR-I (NCX)). I (Na.P) ...
Suzuki Yusuke - - 2012
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) plays a key role in pathophysiological cellular responses by regulating the levels of a lipid messenger diacylglycerol. Of DGK isozymes, DGKζ localizes to the nucleus in various cells such as neurons. We previously reported that DGKζ translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal ...
Kwok Dorothy W S - - 2012
Three experiments tested whether events taking place before a rat has access to a target taste, sucrose, can proactively interfere with the acquisition of a sucrose aversion when sucrose is followed by a lithium chloride injection. Using a serial overshadowing procedure with various delays before lithium injection, proactive interference by ...
Yoong A - - 2012
Background  Because of an increase in life expectancy and de-institutionalisation, many adults with intellectual disability (ID) live with and are cared for by their parents throughout their adult lives. Because of caring demands, the quality of life (QOL) of parents may be affected. The study explored the impact of caring ...
Nikoloski Gorica - - 2012
Until recently, the genetic aberrations that are causally linked to the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and myeloproliferative neoplasms were largely unknown. Using novel technologies like high-resolution SNP-array analysis and next generation sequencing, various genes have now been identified that are recurrently mutated. Strikingly, several of the newly identified genes ...
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