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van der Meij B S - - 2012
Our objective was to investigate effects of an oral nutritional supplement containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) on quality of life, performance status, handgrip strength and physical activity in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing multimodality treatment. In a double-blind experiment, 40 patients with stage III NSCLC were ...
Seppälä Petri - - 2012
The bis(μ-dialkoxo)-bridged trinuclear copper(ii) complexes [Cu(3)(ap)(4)(ClO(4))(2)EtOH] (1), [Cu(3)(ap)(4)(NO(3))(2)] (2), [Cu(3)(ap)(4)Br(2)] (3) and [Cu(3)(ae)(4)(NO(3))(2)] (4) (ae = 2-aminoethanolato and ap = 3-aminopropanolato) have been synthesised via self-assembly from chelating aminoalcohol ligands with the corresponding copper(ii) salts. The complexes are characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and variable temperature magnetic measurements. The ...
Suwannateep N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anticarcinogenic properties. However, the strong lipophilic compound is not easily applicable, neither in water, nor directly in o/w formulations. So far, loading of nano or micro scaled carriers has enabled only an uptake up to 30% of curcumin. METHOD: In the ...
Blandini Fabio - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) therapy is still centered on the use of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), which is hampered by numerous side effects, including abnormal involuntary movements known as L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LIDs). LIDs are the result of pre- and postsynaptic changes at the corticostriatal level, induced by chronic and pulsatile stimulation of striatal ...
Amey-Özel Monique - - 2012
The nocturnally active weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii is known to employ active electrolocation for the detection of objects and for orientation in its environment. The fish emits pulse-type electric signals with an electric organ and perceives these signals with more than 3,000 epidermal electroreceptor organs, the mormyromasts, which are ...
Saenko S V - - 2012
Melanism, the overall darkening of the body, is a widespread form of animal adaptation to particular environments, and includes bookcase examples of evolution by natural selection, such as industrial melanism in the peppered moth. The major components of the melanin biosynthesis pathway have been characterized in model insects, but little ...
Annadurai T - - 2012
In the present study, the putative antihyperglycemic and antioxidant effects of a flavanone, naringenin, were evaluated in comparison with those of glyclazide, a standard drug for therapy of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes was induced experimentally in 12-h-fasted rats by intraperitoneal injections of first streptozotocin (50 mg/kg b.w.) and then of nicotinamide (110 mg/kg ...
Meng Lingzhong L Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Care, University of California Irvine Medical Center, 101 The City Drive South, Bldg. 53, Rm. 227, Orange, CA 92868, USA. - - 2012
During anesthesia, maneuvers which cause the least disturbance of cerebral oxygenation with the greatest decrease in intracranial pressure would be most beneficial to patients with intracranial hypertension. Both head-up tilt (HUT) and hyperventilation are used to decrease brain bulk, and both may be associated with decreases in cerebral oxygenation. In ...
Dejour David - - 2012
An original technique for the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament is explained. Two bundles are reconstructed using the central third of the patellar tendon and the gracilis tendon, passed through four tunnels but requiring only two interference screws for fixation. Level of evidence V.
Luxembourg B - - 2012
The diagnostic value of D-dimer (DD) in the exclusion of proximal deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is well-established but is less well-known in the exclusion of distal (infrapopliteal) DVT. Therefore, we evaluated the diagnostic abilities of five DD assays (Vidas-DD, Liatest-DD, HemosIL-DD, HemosIL-DDHS, Innovance-DD) for excluding symptomatic proximal and distal leg DVT. ...
Yu Shenghui - - 2012
Four series of forty-five nitrogen-containing polyhydroxylated aromatics based on caffeic acid phenethyl ester were designed and synthesized as HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors. Most of these compounds inhibited IN catalytic activities in low micromolar range. Among these new analogues, compounds 9e and 9f were the most potent IN inhibitors with IC(50) ...
Kiss Aliz - - 2012
The anticorrosive agents 1H-benzotriazole (1H-BT), 4-methyl-1H-benzotriazole (4Me-BT) and 5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole (5Me-BT), which are usually added to dishwasher detergents, automotive antifreeze formulations and aircraft de-icing/anti-icing fluids (ADAFs), were measured in river water. Samples were collected from 15 sampling sites in the mainstream and selected tributaries of a medium-sized catchment area during summer ...
Andjelic Bosko M - - 2012
Advanced age is considered an unfavourable prognostic factor for Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). The optimal treatment for these patients is not yet defined, especially for the advanced stages. We analysed the outcome and prognostic relevance of patient and disease characteristics in 46 advanced stage HL patients who were older than 45 years, ...
Ofosu F A - - 2012
With the expiry or pending expiry of originator low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) patents, pharmaceutical companies have invested in developing non-proprietary versions of LMWHs. LMWHs are manufactured by depolymerising highly purified unfractionated heparin. In contrast to traditional synthetic drugs with well-defined chemical structures, LMWHs contain complex oligosaccharide mixtures and the different manufacturing ...
Jin Shen-Shuang - - 2012
The design and development of an extraordinarily interesting new class of chiral sulfur-olefin hybrid ligands with remarkable structural simplicity were described. These unique sulfinamide-olefin ligands have been proved to be highly effective ligands in rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric 1,4-addition reactions of aryl boronic acids to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds (up to 99% yield ...
Farina Claudio - - 2012
Summary  Fungaemia is an increasing nosocomial pathology. The 'gold standard' for detection of fungaemia is blood culture, but it is time-consuming and its sensitivity for early detection is low. On the other hand, yeasts present different antifungal sensitivity patterns to be quickly detected to allow an effective treatment. The aim ...
de Jong Tim - - 2012
We conducted this study to gauge the health-related problems, quality of life and the performance of the Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI-3) in patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis. Patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis have various physical and mental problems. More insight on these problems, per syndrome, could ...
Yamamoto Yuko - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays an important role in cardiovascular events. However, the mechanisms underlying in vivo activation of MMP-9 are largely unknown. We investigated the secretion and activation of MMP-9 under a cell-to-cell interaction, and the effects of hypoxia and cytokine. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) and THP-1 (human ...
Zlatogorsky Sergey - - 2012
The synthesis and isolation of low coordinate methylenebis-(N-DIPP-imidazole-2-ylidene)iron((II))hydrides, (((DIPP)C)(2)CH(2))FeH(2-y)I(y) ((DIPP = 2,6-di-isopropylphenyl, y = 1 or 0), was complicated by competitive reactions with solvent, rapid reductive elimination of H(2) and/or dissociation of the bis-N-heterocyclic carbene ligand. Addition of KH to (((DIPP)C)(2)CH(2))FeI(2) in THF/haloalkane mixtures enabled a short lived mono-hydride to ...
Cheng Beibei B Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, - - 2013
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in the US. Dermatoscopes are devices used by physicians to facilitate the early detection of these cancers based on the identification of skin lesion structures often specific to BCCs. One new lesion structure, referred to as dirt trails, has the appearance ...
Doi Toshihiko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Control of epigenetic changes using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) is thought to be a promising target in therapy of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. In this study, we evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of two dosing regimens of vorinostat, an oral HDACi, in patients with GI tumors. METHODS: Patients received ...
Valentin Mev Dominguez - - 2012
Molecular classification of breast cancer (BC) identified diverse subgroups that encompass distinct biological behavior and clinical implications, in particular in relation to prognosis, spread, and incidence of recurrence. Basal-like breast cancers (BLBC) compose up to 15% of BC and are characterized by lack of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), ...
Piperi Evangelia - - 2012
Atypical Lipomatous Tumor/Well Differentiated Liposarcoma (ALT/WDLS) is a soft tissue sarcoma of intermediate malignant behavior, most frequently affecting the retroperitoneum and lower extremities. Oral liposarcomas are very rare neoplasms, the most common histological subtype being ALT/WDLS. In this study, three additional cases of ALT/WDLS located on the tongue (2 cases) ...
Neman J - - 2012
There is a pressing need for new therapeutics for the generation and transplantation of oligodendrocyte to the white matter to help replace and render injured cells that are lost in demyelinating disease. There are a few protocols describing a homogenous derivation of non-manipulated mouse embryonic stem cells to oligodendrocytes (ES-OL). ...
Delatycki Martin B - - 2012
As the results of the Human Genome Project are realised, screening for genetic mutations that predispose to preventable disease is becoming increasingly possible. How and where such screening should best be offered are critical, unanswered questions. This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of genetic screening for preventable ...
Zhu Qian - - 2012
PURPOSE: It is to compare the thermal damage on myometrium tissue caused by five electrosurgical instruments, including monopolar forceps, bipolar forceps, PK scalpel, Ligasure and BiClamp. METHODS: Normal myometrium in vitro was collected and electric coagulation was conducted with five electrosurgical instruments under corresponding powers. The zones of thermal injury ...
Schlesinger Sara R - - 2012
The increasing prevalence of drug resistant bacteria is a pandemic problem. Metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) are one of the main causes of drug resistance due to hydrolysis of β-lactam antibiotics. Thus, the development of effective inhibitors of MBLs remains urgent. The compound thiomaltol was used as a lead compound to investigate its ...
Harford Joe B - - 2012
Denis Parsons Burkitt was born in 1911, and in the late 1950s, described the disease that has come to be known as Burkitt lymphoma based on cases he observed in Uganda. Subsequently, Burkitt lymphoma was recognized as the first human tumour associated with an infectious agent when Epstein-Barr virus was ...
Krause Matthias - - 2012
The use of inappropriate cementation techniques has been suggested as an adverse factor for the long-term survival of hip-resurfacing arthroplasty. Inadequate initial fixation, thermal osteonecrosis and interface biological reactions are possible causes of failure. We analysed morphological changes associated with the cementation technique in a large collection of retrieved femoral ...
Davey Kieran J - - 2012
RATIONALE: Atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) such as olanzapine have a serious side effect profile including weight gain and metabolic dysfunction, and a number of studies have suggested a role for gender in the susceptibility to these effects. In recent times, the gut microbiota has been recognised as a major contributor ...
Mandal Sumit - - 2012
Here, we demonstrate chemical synthesis of graphene based nano-spin valve like structures using nickel layers as ferromagnetic contacts grown on both sides of graphene sheets. Magnetic measurements indicate that the spins on two opposite nickel layers are coupled through antiferromagnetic interaction up to room temperature. However, they switch into parallel ...
Kim Sung-Kwan - - 2012
Palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) were conveniently prepared in tetraglyme (TG) solution using a variety of palladium precursors. At 140 °C, TG promoted Pd(3)(OAc)(6) to produce irregular shaped PdNPs with an average size of 4 nm. When these PdNPs were re-dispersed in TG and used for the dehydrogenation of ammonia borane (AB) ...
Senmaru Takafumi - - 2012
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), which is a useful biomarker of chronic heart failure, has been shown to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between NT-proBNP and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Relationships of ...
Campàs Mònica - - 2012
This article gives an overview of the biosensors for the analysis of mycotoxins, marine toxins and cyanobacterial toxins, describing in depth the electrochemical biosensors that incorporate nanobiotechnological concepts. Firstly, it presents tailor-designed biomolecules, such as recombinant enzymes, recombinant antibody fragments and aptamers as novel biorecognition elements in biosensors. It also ...
Turati F - - 2012
Background/Objective:The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) recently published dietary guidelines for the intakes of carbohydrates, fiber, fats and water. We evaluated their role on the risk of a specific disease, known to be related to diet.Subjects/Methods:We used data from an Italian case-control study including 1953 colorectal cancer (CRC) cases and ...
Jyrkkärinne Johanna - - 2012
Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), along with pregnane x receptor (PXR), is an important metabolic sensor in the hepatocytes. Like all other nuclear receptors (NRs), CAR works in concert with co-regulator proteins, co-activators and co-repressors which bind to the NRs. The main basis for the receptor to distinguish between co-activators and ...
Sirovich Lawrence - - 2012
Theoretical and experimental evidence is presented for the presence in nervous tissue of neurons whose firing rate faithfully follow their input stimulus. Such neurons are shown to deliver their spikes with minimum dissipation per spike. This optimal performance is likely accomplished by use of local circuitry that adjusts conductances to ...
Parajuli Rajendra Prasad - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cord blood level of toxic and trace elements and to identify their determinants in Terai, Nepal. One hundred pregnant women were recruited from one hospital in Chitwan, Nepal in 2008. The cord blood levels of toxic [lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and ...
Lukasik M - - 2012
The white blood cell count and mean platelet volume determined shortly after the symptom onset are known as independent predictors for clinical outcome after stroke. In the present study we sought to evaluate the prognostic value of platelet-derived inflammatory biomarkers measured prospectively after an ischaemic event. Using five-colour flow cytometry, ...
Chacko Ari George - - 2012
To document the neurological outcome, spinal alignment and segmental range of movement after oblique cervical corpectomy (OCC) for cervical compressive myelopathy. This retrospective study included 109 patients--93 with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and 16 with ossified posterior longitudinal ligament in whom spinal curvature and range of segmental movements were assessed on ...
Smith Erika L - - 2012
A series of stilbazolium dimers were synthesized and investigated as sterically demanding ligands targeting the norepinephrine transporter (NET). The environmentally sensitive fluorescence of the dyes enables their use as self-reporting ligands; binding to and displacement from NET can be monitored by fluorescence microscopy.
Choy Camus Km - - 2012
Purpose:  The aim was to determine the cytotoxic effects of three multipurpose solutions (MPS) on human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) and to assess the metabolic rates of recovering cells at different levels of cell membrane damage. Method:  The effects of one to 15 minutes exposure to multipurpose solutions containing polyquaternium-1 ...
Fraser Mark - - 2012
Candidaemias account for 10-20% of nosocomial bloodstream infections depending on the study. Whilst Candida albicans remains the most frequently isolated species, Candida glabrata may be responsible for as many as 10-25% of all candidaemias. Moreover, C. glabrata is generally less susceptible to the azole antifungals than the majority of other ...
Plantinga Theo S - - 2012
The ability of humans to digest the milk component lactose after weaning requires persistent production of the lactose-converting enzyme lactase. Genetic variation in the promoter of the lactase gene (LCT) is known to be associated with lactase production and is therefore a genetic determinant for either lactase deficiency or lactase ...
Poti F - - 2012
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a lysosphingolipid associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL), contributes to the anti-atherogenic potential attributed to this lipoprotein. This study examined whether a reduction of S1P plasma levels affects atherosclerosis in a murine model of disease. LDL-R-/-mice on Western diet were given ABC294640, an inhibitor of sphingosine kinase (SphK) ...
Kiesslich Tobias - - 2012
The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is one of the central developmental signaling mechanisms, which have recently been shown to contribute to malignant progression of a variety of human cancers. Additionally, the role of Hh and other embryonic signaling pathways in the regulation and maintenance of the tumorigenic cancer stem / -initiating ...
Koirala Deepak - - 2012
Intramolecular folding in three tandem guanine repeats of human telomeric DNA has been investigated using optical-tweezers, MD simulation and circular dichroism. A mechanically and thermodynamically stable species in this sequence shows a structure consistent with a triplex conformation. A similar species has also been observed to coexist with a G-quadruplex ...
Bouck E C - - 2012
Background  A conversation currently exists regarding secondary curriculum (e.g. academics, functional) for students with moderate/severe intellectual disability (ID) without a large research base connecting curriculum to outcomes. Method  This study represented a secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) data to understand in-school curriculum and educational programming for ...
Ann Praestmark Juul Kezia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Thinner and shorter needles for subcutaneous administration are continuously developed. Previous studies have shown that a thinner needle causes fewer occurrences of painful needle insertions and that a shorter needle decreases the occurrence of painful intramuscular injections. However, little is known about local drug delivery in relation to needle ...
Fede G - - 2012
In patients with cirrhosis adrenal insufficiency (AI) is reported during sepsis and septic shock, and is associated with increased mortality. Consequently, the term "hepato-adrenal syndrome" was proposed. Some studies have shown that AI is frequent in stable cirrhosis, and in cirrhosis associated with decompensation other than sepsis, such as bleeding ...
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