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Results 401 - 450 of 2834
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Altay Kursat - - 2012
In this study, the frequency of Theileria and Babesia species was assessed via reverse line blotting and blood smear-based diagnostic methods in small ruminants. A total of 201 apparently healthy animals from 26 randomly selected herds located in 4 locations (Artvin, Giresun, Gumushane, and Tokat) of East Black Sea Region ...
van der Velde E T - - 2012
Remote follow-up of implanted ICDs may offer a solution to the problem of overcrowded outpatient clinics. All major device companies have developed a remote follow-up solution. Data obtained from the remote follow-up systems are stored in a central database system, operated and owned by the device company and accessible for ...
Bannai Hiroshi - - 2012
The immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass response was investigated in horses with or without pyrexia after natural infection with equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) in the field. All horses were kept at the training centers of the Japan Racing Association and were immunized with an inactivated EHV-1 vaccine before EHV-1 infection. ...
De Felici Massimo - - 2012
The cell cycle of the primordial germ cells (PGCs), the embryonic precursors of the gametes, is characterized by a mitotic phase common to both sexes and a mitotic-meiotic switch in the female. In the present work, we will review the progress achieved in the last decade in studying intrinsic and ...
Bilcke J - - 2012
SUMMARYVaricella-zoster virus causes chickenpox (CP) and after reactivation herpes zoster (HZ). Vaccines are available against both diseases warranting an assessment of the pre-vaccination burden of disease. We collected data from relevant Belgian databases and performed five surveys of CP and HZ patients. The rates at which a general practitioner is ...
Sandell Linda J - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) has a considerable hereditary component and is considered to be a polygenic disease. Data derived from genetic analyses and genome-wide screening of individuals with this disease have revealed a surprising trend: genes associated with OA tend to be related to the process of synovial joint development. Mutations in ...
Korb Oliver - - 2012
Due to the large number of different docking programs and scoring functions available, researchers are faced with the problem of selecting the most suitable one when starting a structure-based drug discovery project. To guide the decision process, several studies comparing different docking and scoring approaches have been published. In the ...
Kratz Katrina - - 2012
Nanoparticles have useful properties, but it is often important that they only start working after they are placed in a desired location. The encapsulation of nanoparticles allows their function to be preserved until they are released at a specific time or location, and this has been exploited in the development ...
Mondina Michel - - 2012
The objective was to assess outcomes of nasal septoplasty without turbinectomy using validated subjective instruments and to correlate results with patient satisfaction. The prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. The method included the use of NOSE and RhinoQoL questionnaires to assess patients before and 6 months after ...
Muresanu D F - - 2012
Nanoparticles from environment or through industrial sources could induce profound alteration in human health leading to often brain dysfunction. However, this is still unclear whether nanoparticles intoxication could also alter the physiological or pathological responses of additional brain injury, stress response or disease processes. Our military personals engaged in combat ...
Gupta Deepashree - - 2012
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) has increased dramatically over the last several decades, largely driven by equally worrisome growing rates of obesity. Chronic diabetic complications are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Key players in the pathophysiology of DM2 are insulin resistance and β cell dysfunction, ...
Zhang Yunxia - - 2012
Our previous studies have showed that ginsenoside (GS)-Rd, a mono-compound isolated from traditional Chinese herb panax ginseng, has the neuroprotective effects following ischemic stroke. However, the underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown. Our latest study showed that GS-Rd could block calcium influx in cultured cortical neurons after excitotoxic injury, indicating ...
Kelly Aaron S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery pathology is a prominent feature of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), it may be underestimated by coronary angiography because of its diffuse nature. It is also generally assumed that cardiovascular risk is increased in MPS and reduced following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), but ...
Beaver K - - 2012
Aim:  Following treatment for colorectal cancer it is common practice for patients to attend hospital clinics at regular intervals for routine monitoring, although debate persists on the benefits of this approach. Nurse-led telephone follow-up is effective in meeting information and psycho-social needs in other patient groups. We explored the potential ...
Nakaminato Shuichiro - - 2012
Background. The prevalence of esophageal cancer accompanied by hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) is high and increasing rapidly in Asia. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of esophageal cancer during the pretreatment of HPC patients who were routinely examined using esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) and ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) is a predictor of cardiovascular risk, but its influence on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is still incompletely studied. We studied the association between preoperative CRP and inhospital death after CABG. Patients with acute or chronic infectious or inflammatory disorders, autoimmune diseases, cancer, ...
Geoghegan A R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute intestinal failure (AIF) is defined as an inability to tolerate 80% of nutritional requirements delivered enterally for a minimum of 48 h. In surgical patients it commonly relates to abdominal sepsis, intestinal obstruction, or ileus. The prevalence of AIF in surgical units in Ireland has not previously been studied. ...
Volz H C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High-Mobility-Group Box 1 (HMGB1) has been established as an important mediator of myocardial inflammation and associated with progression of heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of systemic HMGB1 levels in HF patients with ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Hoshino Masato - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increase in the number of patients seeking treatment after an anti-reflux surgical procedure. The objective of this study is to describe high-resolution manometry (HRM) topography as it relates to the post-fundoplication anatomy. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was conducted to identify patients ...
Visser Jenny A - - 2012
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), also known as premature ovarian failure, is a disorder of infertility characterized by amenorrhoea, low estrogen levels and increased gonadotropin levels in women aged <40 years. POI is the result of premature exhaustion of the follicle pool or can be attributed to follicular dysfunction, for example, ...
Dutra Márcio Ferreira - - 2012
Astrocytic changes have been demonstrated in several neurodegenerative diseases, showing that these cells play an important role in functional recovery/maintenance against brain damage. Physical exercise is known to contribute to this process; however, the cellular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. This study investigated the effects of physical exercise on ...
Zhou Daming - - 2012
The aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) and alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (ADH2) genes have been implicated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify the associations between polymorphisms of ALDH2 and ADH2 genes and HCC. Published literatures from ...
Christ Shawn E - - 2012
Previous histological and neuroimaging studies have documented structural abnormalities in the white matter of the brain in individuals with early-treated phenylketonuria (ETPKU). It remains unclear, however, the extent to which the function of the brain's interconnections are impacted by this condition. Presently, we utilized functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to ...
Hu Jingen - - 2012
In degenerative disc disease, an injectable hydrogel can fill a degenerate area completely, reduce the risk of implant migration and subsequent loss of height of the intervertebral disc, and minimise surgical defects. Here, we propose a method of preparing an injectable silk fibroin/polyurethane (SF/PU) composite hydrogel by chemical cross-linking under ...
Dörner Thomas - - 2012
From neutrophil extracellular traps to genetic networks that underlie the disease and new targeted therapies, important advances in 2011 improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus and mark the beginning of our ability to treat it effectively.
Kirk M D - - 2012
SUMMARYWe analysed two large national surveys conducted in 2001 and 2008 to examine incidence and outcomes of gastroenteritis in older Australians. A case was someone reporting ⩾3 loose stools or ⩾1 episode of vomiting in 24 h, excluding non-infectious causes. We compared cases arising in the elderly (⩾65 years) and ...
Pöllinger Bernadette - - 2012
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are amongst the most common autoimmune diseases in the northern hemisphere. There is mounting evidence that in both afflictions, not only environmental and genetic factors influence disease, but cellular components such as autoreactive T cells also contribute to pathology. Animal models are key ...
Gonçalves de Medeiros M T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Visceral tone supposedly affects gut sensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Sildenafil increases nitric oxide and influences visceral compliance. AIM: To evaluate the effects of sildenafil tone inhibition on rectal sensitivity. METHODS: Eight controls and 21 IBS patients (Rome II) were enrolled in a double-blind study, after dosing with ...
Nielsen Henrik - - 2012
The risk of infection with Campylobacter jejuni/coli as well as complications may be related to host genetics. We assessed six single-nucleotide polymorphisms in inflammatory cytokine genes in 105 patients with Campylobacter jejuni/coli gastroenteritis. The population distribution of the genes was determined in healthy subjects. The patients responded to mailed questionnaires ...
Bhoraniya Haresh Laljibhai - - 2012
The study was aimed at induction/synchronization of estrus in postpartum anestrous Kankrej cows of zebu cattle maintained at an organized farm. The study included use of different hormone protocols, viz., Ovsynch, CIDR (controlled internal drug release), Ovsynch plus CIDR, and Heatsynch with estimation of plasma progesterone on days 0, 7, ...
Bardou Marc - - 2012
Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the improvements in the management of this condition in western countries, mortality rates have remained at 5-10% over the past decade. This article presents the main recommendations for the management of UGIB. Pre-endoscopic management (including ...
Jaeschke Hartmut - - 2012
Hepatotoxicity is a serious problem during drug development and for the use of many established drugs. For example, acetaminophen overdose is currently the most frequent cause of acute liver failure in the United States and Great Britain. Evaluation of the mechanisms of drug-induced liver injury indicates that mitochondria are critical ...
Costanzo A - - 2012
Understanding the collective motion of self-propelling organisms in confined geometries, such as that of narrow channels, is of great theoretical and practical importance. By means of numerical simulations we study the motion of model bacteria in 2D channels under different flow conditions: fluid at rest, steady and unsteady flow. We ...
Dorfman Ruslan - - 2012
Since the discovery of the CFTR gene mutations which cause cystic fibrosis (CF) in 1989 the average life expectancy of CF patients has almost doubled and now exceeds 37 years. The advances in molecular diagnostics and medical treatments expanded beyond the CF patient population as some of the newest treatments ...
Lemmer Robert - - 2012
FloSeal (hemostatic gelatin matrix with a human-derived thrombin component; Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL, USA) hemostatic matrix is used as an adjunct to hemostasis when conventional procedures have proved ineffective. In the present case, FloSeal was used in combination with transfusions, NovoSeven (recombinant activated human factor VIIa; Novo Nordisk, Copenhagen, Denmark) ...
Snijder Claudia A - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the safety of different regimes of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) in women undergoing cesarean section. Design. Retrospective single center cross-sectional study. Setting. University Medical Center, The Netherlands. Population. All women that delivered by cesarean section in the Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam between January 2004 ...
Sale P - - 2012
Study design:Prospective, multicenter follow-up (F-U) observational study.Objectives:To investigate the changes in participation and sports practice of people after spinal cord injury (SCI) and their impact on perceived quality of life (QoL).Methods:The questionnaire investigated the health status and management of clinical conditions and attendance of social integration, occupation, autonomy, car driving, ...
Sankar Jayaram - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure visceral fat (VF) in over nourished children (6-15 y) by ultrasonography (USG) and to find relation between anthropometric measurements (AM) and VF in these children. This case series included 113 children of 6-15 y with Body Mass Index (BMI) >85th centile who attended the nutrition clinic of a tertiary ...
Malou N - - 2012
To reduce the delay in diagnosis of Q fever, we have adapted the ultrasensitive immuno-PCR method for the detection of Phase II IgM anti-Coxiella burnetii. We compared its performance to ELISA, IFA and PCR using 31 acute Q fever sera and 50 control sera. The best sensitivity was obtained by ...
Tüzün Erdem - - 2012
Anti-N-methyl-D: -aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis has been recently identified as a fulminant encephalopathy, presenting with a variety of symptoms including behavioral change, amnesia and seizures suggesting cortical gray matter involvement. A 42-year-old woman presented with acute-onset clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings indicating brainstem and diencephalon involvement. Her neuropsychological ...
Honzik Tomas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Mitochondrial disorders (MD) may manifest in neonates, but early diagnosis is difficult. In this study, clinical and laboratory data were analyzed in 129 patients with neonatal onset of MD to identify any association between specific mitochondrial diseases and their symptoms with the aim of optimizing diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Sun Hsu-Dong - - 2012
Rupture of a pregnant uterus in early pregnancy and an unscarred uterus are extremely rare, and some non-specific symptoms might appear before this occurrence. We report the case of a multiparous woman (gravida 3, para 2) with uterine fundal rupture in her early second trimester (17+ weeks of gestational age), ...
Chayachinda Chenchit - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of different suture materials and techniques on soft tissue in relation to defined tensions and time points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two bovine intestine samples, 4 × 4 cm size and ~3 mm thickness, were adapted with interrupted and continuous techniques using three types of suture materials: Vicryl (polyglactin 910), ...
Michele Ciccarelli - - 2012
G protein receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) has been for years mainly considered the negative regulator of the cardiac β adrenergic signaling. However GRK2 is a ubiquitous molecule and its kinase activity and scaffold properties brought to several investigations which have evidenced its involvement in pathophysiology of extra-cardiac diseases. Later discoveries, ...
Tormey W P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The elevated risk of triggering a myocardial infarction by smoking cannabis is limited to the first 2 h after smoking. AIM: To examine the possible role of cannabis in cardiac deaths. CASES AND RESULTS: From 3,193 coroners' cases over 2 years, there were 13 cases where the clinical information was compatible ...
Xue Xiangdong - - 2012
This paper investigates the effectiveness of using curved constrictions in the bifurcation region of T-type fluid separators for promoting flow development in the intervals between bifurcations. A design of biofluid separator is proposed and a mathematical analysis and a numerical simulation of the blood flow in microchannels are conducted. The ...
Rennert J - - 2012
Fenestrations and duplications of the cervical and intracranial arteries are rare anatomic variants, reported to be associated with aneurysms or other vascular anomalies. We here present a patient with a supraclinoid ICA fenestration in combination with a duplication of the MCA originating from the ICA fenestration and an associated aneurysm.
Singh Parikshit - - 2012
A preschool child presented with a large middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct with midline shift, overt signs of raised intracranial pressure and hemodynamic instability. Aggressive management including ventilatory support was instrumental in the successful outcome. Raising awareness of pediatric stroke is crucial to improving overall care of these children.
Pant Nitin - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To report the observation of involvement of the umbilicus with alteration of its morphology in association with peritoneal tuberculosis. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational case series of abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) in children, treated in the department of pediatric surgery of a tertiary-care children's hospital in the period from ...
Mariniello G - - 2012
Intracranial metastases from uterine leiomyosarcoma are very rare and have been found mainly in the brain (17 cases); on the other hand, metastases to the skull, dura and orbit are really exceptional. The authors report the case of a 57-year-old woman who presented with a 6-week history of right proptosis, ...
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