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Tarcsay Akos - - 2012
Lipophilic efficiency indices such as LLE and LELP were suggested to support balanced optimization of potency and ADMET profile. Here we investigated the performance of LLE and LELP on multiple data sets representing different stages of drug discovery including fragment and HTS hits and leads, development candidates, phase II compounds, ...
Pan Dipanjan - - 2012
Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is emerging as a novel, hybrid, and non-ionizing imaging modality because of its satisfactory spatial resolution and high soft tissue contrast. PAT combines the advantages of both optical and ultrasonic imaging methods. It opens up the possibilities for noninvasive staging of breast cancer and may replace sentinel ...
Comin Alberto A NanoPhysics and NanoChemistry Units, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego 30, 16163 Genova, Italy. - - 2012
Colloidal nanocrystal heterodimers composed of a plasmonic and a magnetic domain have been widely studied as potential materials for various applications in nanomedicine, biology, and photocatalysis. One of the most popular nanocrystal heterodimers is represented by a structure made of a Au domain and a iron oxide domain joined together. ...
Gonzalez-James Ollie M - - 2012
An unusual intramolecular kinetic isotope effect (KIE) in the reaction of dichloroketene with cis-2-butene does not fit with a simple asynchronous cycloaddition transition state, but it can be predicted from trajectory studies on a bifurcating energy surface. The origin of the KIE is related to a high propensity for transition ...
Guo Xun - - 2012
Incubation of recombinant module 2 of the polyether nanchangmycin synthase (NANS), carrying an appended thioesterase domain, with the ACP-bound substrate (2RS)-2-methyl-3-ketobutyryl-NANS_ACP1 (2-ACP1) and methylmalonyl-CoA in the presence of NADPH gave diastereomerically pure (2S,4R)-2,4-dimethyl-5-ketohexanoic acid (4a). These results contrast with the previously reported weak discrimination by NANS module 2+TE between the ...
González Jorge Ernesto - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) are overexpressed in a wide range of malignancies including head and neck, colon, and breast cancers. It has been identified that carcinomas with high expression levels of EGFR are more resistant to radiotherapy. Therefore, inhibiting nuclear translocation of EGFR to increase the radiosensitivity of malignant ...
Weisz Judith - - 2012
Current knowledge of changes in the mammary epithelium relevant to breast carcinogenesis is limited to when histological changes are already present because of a lack of biomarkers needed to identify where such molecular changes might be ongoing at earlier during the of decades-long latent stages of breast carcinogenesis. Breast reduction ...
Han Anpan - - 2012
Electron beam (e-beam) lithography using polymer resists is an important technology that provides the spatial resolution needed for nanodevice fabrication. But it is often desirable to pattern nonplanar structures on which polymeric resists cannot be reliably applied. Furthermore, fragile substrates, such as free-standing nanotubes or thin films, cannot tolerate the ...
Fujiwara Yuta Y Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2012
Molecular scaffolds containing alkylfluorine substituents are desired in many areas of chemical research from materials to pharmaceuticals. Herein, we report the invention of a new reagent (Zn(SO(2)CF(2)H)(2), DFMS) for the innate difluoromethylation of organic substrates via a radical process. This mild, operationally simple, chemoselective, and scalable difluoromethylation method is compatible ...
Peyman Gholam A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Traditional ultrasound imaging systems for ophthalmology employ slow, mechanical scanning of a single-element ultrasound transducer. The goal was to demonstrate rapid examination of the anterior and posterior segment with a three-dimensional (3D) commercial ultrasound system incorporating high-resolution linear probe arrays. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The 3D images of the porcine ...
Zheng Lu L Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2012
The biological functions of the BC047440 gene highly expressed by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are unknown. The objective of this study was to reconstruct antisense eukaryotic expression vectors of the gene for inhibiting HepG(2) cell proliferation and suppressing their xenograft tumorigenicity. The full-length BC047440 cDNA was cloned from human primary HCC ...
Erdem Mehtap - - 2012
Among the diverse presentations of neurobrucellosis, solitary intracranial mass lesions are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, we describe here the second case of neurobrucellosis mimicking a cerebral tumor caused by Brucella melitensis. The mass lesion was clinically and radiologically indistinguishable from a brain tumor. The diagnosis was ...
Torres-Dosal Arturo - - 2012
In Mexico, 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) was used until the year 2000, principally in agriculture and anti-paludal program health campaigns. The southeastern region of Mexico was an important area of malaria, and from 1957 DDT was applied indoors every 6 months, with a coverage of 2 g/m(2). The current study was performed in Tabasco, ...
Faber Edgar - - 2012
Association of trough imatinib plasma levels (IPL) with cytogenetic or molecular response to treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was repeatedly reported. We analyzed their value in the routine clinical setting in 131 patients with chronic phase CML in whom imatinib was applied as first- or second-line treatment. ...
Chatzikyrkou C - - 2012
Microalbuminuria has most often been linked with renal disease in diabetic patients. However, accumulating data demonstrate that the development of albuminuria is closely associated with cardiovascular and renal disease in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The role of albuminuria in the pathogenesis of these clinical conditions remains controversial. While reductions ...
Usluer G - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the results of nine non-invasive serum biomarkers with liver biopsies to predict liver fibrosis stage. HCV-RNA-positive, HCV genotype 1, treatment-naive patients with chronic HCV infections were included from 14 centers (n = 77). The platelet count, AST/ALT ratio (AAR), cirrhosis discriminate score (CDS), FIB4, ...
Jesse S - - 2012
Vitamins are not uncommonly uncritically prescribed by neurologists and other medical professions. The effects of vitamins are, however, often pharmacologically and biochemically well-defined. This offers the opportunity for a rational scientific approach to treatment. In this article the biochemical and pharmacological mode of action of vitamins B1 (thiamine), B6 (pyridoxine) ...
Borges Endler M - - 2012
A novel stationary phase prepared by the thermal immobilization of poly(dimethylsiloxane) onto the surface of silica (PDMS-SiO(2)) has been described, evaluated and compared with 229 commercially available RP-LC stationary phases using the Tanaka column classification protocol. The phase exhibited many unique chromatographic properties and, based on the phases in the ...
Haug A R - - 2012
The over expression of somatostatin receptors (SSTR) in neuroendocrine tumors (NET) enables diagnosis and targeted therapy using radio-labelled somatostatin analogues. PET with (68)Ga-DOTATATE or (68)Ga-DOTATOC, both with a high affinity to the SSTR subtype 2, enables diagnosis of NET with a very high sensitivity and has a significant influence on ...
Pagani Linda S - - 2012
We examine the relationship between children's kindergarten attention skills and developmental patterns of classroom engagement throughout elementary school in disadvantaged urban neighbourhoods. Kindergarten measures include teacher ratings of classroom behavior, direct assessments of number knowledge and receptive vocabulary, and parent-reported family characteristics. From grades 1 through 6, teachers also rated ...
Gani C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate outcome after whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) alone as a palliative treatment without concomitant chemotherapy for intracranial leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall survival and treatment response were retrospectively analyzed in 27 consecutive patients with LMC from breast and lung cancer. ...
Wilson Ryan E - - 2012
The intentional consumption and use of stimulants, such as caffeine, are known to have numerous interactions with the human cardiovascular system. Ex vivo studies have shown caffeine-induced vasoconstriction of coronary arteries (Forman et al. in Ann Emerg Med 29:178-180, 1997). We report on a case of a 17-year-old male who ...
Laufenberg-Feldmann R - - 2012
During the course of cancer progression up to 90% of the patients suffer from pain of nociceptive, neuropathic or mixed nociceptive/neuropathic origin. Psychological, social or existential factors may additionally affect the intensity of pain (concept of "total pain"). The WHO "analgesic ladder" provides a large variety of effective drugs that ...
Sakuraba Atsushi - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) commonly recurs after surgery, and a number of patients need repeated surgery, especially smokers and those with repeated surgeries or penetrating disease. Whether infliximab prevents postsurgical recurrence in high-risk CD remains unknown. In the present pilot open-labeled study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of scheduled infliximab, ...
Kurokawa Mika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Nucleotide analogues have recently been approved for the treatment of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, it is still controversial whether the decrease of HBV-DNA amount induced by treatment with nucleotide analogues can reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in HBV patients. METHODS: A total ...
Bompaire Flavie - - 2012
Purpose Ipilimumab is a T-cell-potentiating monoclonal antibody directed against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) to promote antitumoural immunity. In phase III trials, ipilimumab was shown to be the first agent to improve survival in advanced melanoma patients, regardless of previous treatment. We report a case of severe neurologic disease after ipilimumab ...
Tanaka Yuko - - 2012
Neuronal differentiation of oligodendroglioma has been demonstrated by immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examinations in recent studies. However, oligodendrogliomas displaying a complete neurocytic morphology or even gangliocytic differentiation are rare. We describe a case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma that was characterized by the presence of ganglion cells in a 40-year-old-male. Histologically, the tumor ...
Hutter Grit - - 2012
Single-agent bortezomib, a potent, selective, and reversible inhibitor of the 26S proteasome, has demonstrated clinical efficacy in relapsed and refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Objective response is achieved in up to 45% of the MCL patients; however, complete remission rates are low and duration of response proved to be relatively ...
Tiikkaja Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: Cardiac pacemaker malfunction due to exposure to magnetic fields may cause serious problems in some work environments for workers having cardiac pacemakers. The aim of this study was to find the magnetic field interference thresholds for several commonly used pacemaker models. METHODS: We investigated 16 pacemakers from three different ...
Hamada Yukihiro - - 2012
Voriconazole (VRCZ) reportedly possesses a broad spectrum of antifungal activity against Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp., and the blood concentration of VRCZ is correlated with both the efficacy and the adverse effects of this drug. Monitoring of the blood concentration target level of VRCZ has not yet been widely adopted ...
Jayaprakash M - - 2012
The present study was done to assess the sources and the major processes controlling the trace metal distribution in sediments of Buckingham Canal. Based on the observed geochemical variations, the sediments are grouped as South Buckingham Canal and North Buckingham Canal sediments (SBC and NBC, respectively). SBC sediments show enrichment ...
Niyazi M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal treatment for elderly patients (age ≥ 70 years) with glioblastoma (GBM) remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective analysis in 43 consecutive elderly patients with glioblastoma who either underwent radiotherapy (RT) or radiotherapy plus concomitant temozolomide (TMZ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 43 patients (≥ 70 years of age, median ...
Fischer H M - - 2012
Reducing cardiac mortality and improving quality of life are the main objectives of cardiac rehabilitation. In recent years, outpatient rehabilitation within easy patient reach has achieved the same status as inpatient rehabilitation. Outpatient rehabilitation permits close involvement of the patient's family and social environment, thus easing reintegration into everyday life. ...
Oyama Jun-Ichi - - 2012
Balneotherapy has been shown to reduce systemic blood pressure in healthy volunteers. Hyperthermia might ameliorate the inflammatory status in heart failure through improving cardiac function. The purpose of this study was to examine the beneficial effects of balneotherapy in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Thirty-two patients with systolic CHF ...
Speck Rebecca M - - 2012
This study explored the self-management strategies utilized by female breast cancer patients to cope with the impact of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) symptoms. We also examined the variety of taxane-related side effects in women with and without CIPN in order to discriminate the CIPN symptom experience. A purposive sample of ...
Winter Remko T - - 2012
We describe the discovery, isolation and characterization of a highly thermostable alditol oxidase from Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B. This protein was identified by searching the genomes of known thermophiles for enzymes homologous to Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) alditol oxidase (AldO). A gene (sharing 48% protein sequence identity to AldO) was identified, cloned ...
Santini Massimo - - 2012
Minimally invasive surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has shown good results and low complications incidence. Our objective was to evaluate feasibility and efficacy of this technique in our center. The procedure included pulmonary vein isolation, ganglionic plexi ablation, ligament of Marshall resection, and left atrial appendage exclusion through beating ...
Redington Kathrine L - - 2012
We have previously shown that remote ischemic preconditioning by limb ischemia (rIPC) or intra-arterial adenosine releases a dialyzable cardioprotective circulating factor(s), the release of which requires an intact neural connection to the limb and is blocked by pretreatment with S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP). Remote cardioprotection can be induced by other forms of ...
Cox David N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relative importance of specific health knowledge and taste on acceptance of Brassica vegetables (broccoli, red and green cabbages, broccolini, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts). DESIGN: In a sample of adults all reporting medium-high physical activity (as a marker/control of health behaviour) and reporting either low (≤2 portions/d) or ...
Naik Niyaz A - - 2012
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major mediator of angiogenesis involving tumor growth and metastasis. Polymorphisms in the VEGF gene may regulate VEGF production. In this case-control study, we investigated whether functional polymorphisms (+405 C > G and +936 C > T) in the VEGF gene are associated with the risk of lung cancer. ...
Park Seho - - 2012
The aim was to investigate the implications of androgen receptor (AR) expression levels on outcomes for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors. Immunohistochemically AR levels were determined from tissue microarrays of 614 ER-positive patients who received adjuvant endocrine with or without chemotherapy between November 1999 and August 2005. Characteristics and survival were ...
Ramachandran S - - 2012
Aerosol radiative effects over two environmentally distinct locations, Kanpur (urban site) and Gandhi College (rural location) in the Indo-Gangetic plain (IGP), a regional aerosol hot spot, utilizing the measured optical and physical characteristics of aerosols, an aerosol optical properties model and a radiative transfer model, are examined. Shortwave aerosol radiative ...
Collette Michel - - 2012
PURPOSE: Accurate measurement of laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is usually performed with the KT-1000 arthrometer, and reproducibility and reliability are discussed. A new arthrometer, the GNRB(®), has been recently developed in an attempt to improve intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility. The aim of this diagnostic study was to ...
Moriyama Takahito - - 2012
BACKGROUND: IgA nephropathy with nephrotic syndrome (nephrotic IgAN) is a rare form of IgAN. Its prognosis and response to steroid therapy are still controversial because the differential diagnosis between nephrotic IgAN and minimal change nephrotic syndrome with IgA depositions is sometimes confused. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, we accurately ...
Virant-Klun Irma - - 2012
The human ovary is a complex endocrine gland, which is responsible for production of different hormones and provides mature and competent oocytes for reproduction. Additionally, it produces various substances, such as growth factors and cytokines which are involved in the complex signalling pathways of folliculogenesis or oogenesis. The abnormalities of ...
Sabbioni Gabriele - - 2012
Toluene diisocyanates (2,4-TDI and 2,6-TDI) are important intermediates in the chemical industry. Among the main damages after low levels of TDI exposure are lung sensitization and asthma. It is therefore necessary to have sensitive and specific methods to monitor isocyanate exposure of workers. Urinary metabolites or protein adducts have been ...
Bakker Henriëtte E - - 2012
The dynamic nature of adhesive interface failure remains poorly understood, especially when the contact between the two surfaces is localized in microscopic points of adhesion. Here, we explore the dynamic failure of adhesive interfaces composed of a large number of micron-sized pillars against glass. Surprisingly, we find a large influence ...
Lundahl Joachim - - 2012
The cellular and soluble mediators of a dermal inflammation can be studied by the skin chamber technique. The aim of the present study was to address the physiological effect of soluble mediators, released into the skin chamber, with special focus on neutrophil CD11b activation. Mediators released at the inflammatory site ...
Xu Daiqiang - - 2012
Tetrabutylammonium fluoride has been found to catalyze the deacylation of cellulose esters. More surprisingly, the deacylation is highly regioselective. Even more remarkably, in contrast to the C-6 regioselectivity of other reactions of cellulose and its derivatives, this deacylation shows substantial selectivity for removal of the acyl groups from the esters ...
Hofmann Thomas - - 2012
The field of inhaled antibiotics that target Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections has made substantial contributions to the health, disease management, and life expectancies of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) over the last three decades [1-3]. This paper reviews some of the recent clinical developments in the field of inhaled antibiotics for ...
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