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Frasson Matteo - - 2012
: Although the National Quality Forum has endorsed the harvest of ≥12 lymph nodes as a standard quality indicator for colon cancer surgery, this minimum quantity is not reached in many centers. : The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the implementation of a mesocolon evaluation ...
Agrawal Archi - - 2012
We report the imaging findings in extra-articular chondrocalcinosis in a 53-year-old man with swelling and pain in right scapular area for 1 year. Plain radiography showed a right scapular area calcific mass. The clinical suspicion was of a soft tissue sarcoma. As a part of diagnostic workup, a bone scan ...
Smith Samantha E - - 2012
Background:  The General Medical Council mandates that UK medical graduates must be able to 'prescribe drugs safely, effectively and economically'. However, data from three UK medical schools show that graduates are poorly prepared for prescribing, and a recent study detected a prescribing error rate of 8.4 per cent amongst foundation year 1 ...
Courville Xan F - - 2012
Objective. To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis to evaluate preoperative use of mupirocin in patients with total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Design. Simple decision tree model. Setting. Outpatient TJA clinical setting. Participants. Hypothetical cohort of patients with TJA. Interventions. A simple decision tree model compared 3 strategies in a hypothetical cohort of patients with TJA: (1) obtaining ...
Yang Fang - - 2012
A 26-year-old male presented with a history of backache and multijoint pain over the preceding 15 years. Bone scintigraphy demonstrated a short spine in addition to abnormally increased activity in multiple joints. The patient was eventually diagnosed to have X-linked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda.
Kitchen Mark - - 2012
Background:  Many clinicians are involved in medical education, with small group teaching (SGT) forming a significant part of their work. Most facilitate these sessions by experience and common sense: less than one-third of them have received formal training in SGT. Context:  Evidence suggests small group productivity depends on good facilitation ...
Yamashita Takeshi - - 2012
: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether preoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) or cortical central benzodiazepine receptor binding potential as measured by brain perfusion or I-iomazenil (IMZ) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, respectively, can predict cognitive improvement after uncomplicated carotid endarterectomy (CEA). : Neuropsychological testing ...
Westwood David A - - 2012
: Cap-assisted colonoscopy uses a transparent plastic hood attached to the tip of the colonoscope to flatten the semilunar folds and improve mucosal exposure. Several studies have examined the effect of cap-assisted colonoscopy on polyp detection, but the data are inconsistent. : This study aimed to evaluate whether cap-assisted colonoscopy ...
Koike Haruki - - 2012
Objective The objective of this study was to elucidate the natural history of late-onset transthyretin Val30Met-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP ATTR Val30Met) in non-endemic areas. Methods The authors retrospectively assessed the development of major clinical landmarks and abnormalities of nerve conduction and cardiac examination indices in 50 patients with an ...
Dʼsouza Maria Mathew - - 2012
A 58-year-old woman with breast carcinoma, after mastectomy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, underwent a whole-body F-18 FDG PET/CT for restaging, which revealed multiple skeletal metastasis. Hypometabolism was noted in the right frontal lobe. The patient subsequently underwent a C-11 methionine brain scan, which demonstrated multiple dural-based metastatic foci confirmed on contrast-enhanced ...
Waters Joshua A - - 2012
: Single-port laparoscopy remains a novel technique in the field of colorectal surgery. Several small series have examined its safety for colon resection. : Our aim was to analyze our entire experience and short-term outcomes with single-port laparoscopic right hemicolectomy since its introduction at our institution. We assert that this ...
Billionnet Cécile - - 2012
Air pollution constitutes a major public health concern because of its ubiquity and of its potential health impact. Because individuals are exposed to many air pollutants at once that are highly correlated with each other, there is a need to consider the multi-pollutant exposure phenomenon. The characteristics of multiple pollutants ...
Messaris Evangelos - - 2012
: Early readmission after discharge from the hospital is an undesirable outcome. Ileostomies are commonly used to prevent symptomatic anastomotic complications in colorectal resections. : The aim of this study was to identify factors predictive of readmission after colectomy/proctectomy and diverting loop ileostomy. : This study is a retrospective review. ...
Mertens Jeroen - - 2012
Many reports in the literature have focused on FDG PET imaging at conventional (60 minutes after injection) or delayed (several hours after injection) intervals, which exploits increased glycolysis in tumors for diagnosis. However, in rapidly growing tumors, accelerated glycolysis is, among other factors, mediated by hypoxia and poor perfusion. Interestingly, ...
Rijcken Emile - - 2012
: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a development in the field of minimally invasive surgery that is being increasingly used for colorectal procedures. : We report on the short-term results of single-port laparoscopic ileocolic resection in patients with ileocecal Crohn's disease. : This investigation is a retrospective matched-pair control study. Data ...
Pak Kyoungjune - - 2012
: There are various etiologies, which can result in nonosseous, nonurologic uptake in bone scintigraphy. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the interval between gadolinium (Gd)-containing contrast of MRI and Tc-99m DPD (Tc-99m 3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanedicarboxylic acid) on bone scintigraphy. : We retrospectively analyzed 1028 patients with bone scintigraphy performed ...
Chen Joan - - 2012
There have been recent concerns about the safety of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). We focus here on 3 specific concerns-the possible interaction between PPIs and clopidogrel, the postulated link between PPI use and fractures, and the possibility that long-term PPI use might lead to hypomagnesemia. There is evidence for an ...
Kahler Christopher W - - 2012
High levels of trait hostility are associated with wide-ranging interpersonal deficits and heightened physiological response to social stressors. These deficits may be attributable in part to individual differences in the perception of social cues. The present study evaluated the ability to recognize facial emotion among 48 high hostile (HH) and ...
Miller Lisa - - 2012
Background:  Over the last few years the London Deanery has offered workshops in supervision skills for clinical teachers. In response to the concern that supervision conversations are time consuming, we devised an exercise to promote the ability to carry out a small piece of supervision that can nudge forwards an ...
Hirose Yasumitsu - - 2012
: The aim of this study was to compare endoscopic macroscopic classification with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) uptake in gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and to investigate the usefulness of F-18 FDG positron emission tomography (PET) for diagnosing gastric MALT lymphoma. : Sixteen patients with gastric MALT lymphoma who ...
Hentschel Michael - - 2012
: To define the appropriate scan time for fluorine-18-labeled dihydroxyphenylalanine (F-18 DOPA) PET in oncological imaging of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. : F-18 DOPA PET examinations were performed in 9 patients with 7 pheochromocytomas and 4 head and neck paragangliomas using a dedicated PET scanner. The acquisition started with a dynamic ...
Flug Jonathan - - 2012
We present the case of a 53-year-old woman after thyroidectomy with metastatic multifocal papillary carcinoma and encapsulated focal Hurthle cell carcinoma. Postoperatively, an I-131 whole-body scan revealed uptake in the low midline anterior neck. She was treated with 151.5 mCi of I-131. The 1-year follow-up I-131 whole-body scan revealed a ...
Lutgens Maurice W M D - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Patients with long-standing colitis carry an increased risk of colorectal cancer and are therefore enrolled in colonoscopic surveillance programs. It is presently not known if endoscopic surveillance of patients with colitis with a closed rectal stump after a subtotal colectomy is justified. Neither is it clear which of these ...
Stefanelli Antonella - - 2012
We report a case of a patient with relapse of POEMS syndrome (peripheral neuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma proliferative disorder, skin changes) that occurred 6 years after an autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. F-18 FDG PET/CT showed several hypermetabolic as well as nonhypermetabolic bone lesions. Based on these findings, ...
Kuźbicki Lukasz - - 2012
Early cutaneous melanomas may present a substantial diagnostic challenge. We have already reported that expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) may be useful for differentiating between cutaneous melanomas and naevi. The purpose of this study was to examine the value of COX-2 in a challenging task of differential diagnosis of early melanomas ...
Seet Li-Fong - - 2012
To investigate the expression of SPARC and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in normal conjunctiva and pterygium tissues. This study involved paired control or uninvolved conjunctiva and pterygium tissue from 21 patients. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to assess SPARC and MMP mRNA expression, whereas Western blot analysis was performed to assess ...
Goldmann Emily - - 2012
To evaluate potentially modifiable deployment characteristics-predeployment preparedness, unit support during deployment, and postdeployment support-that may be associated with deployment-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We recruited a sample of 2616 Ohio Army National Guard (OHARNG) soldiers and conducted structured interviews to assess traumatic event exposure and PTSD related to the soldiers' ...
Piciu Doina - - 2012
Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma is defined as a papillary thyroid cancer measuring <10 mm in its largest diameter. We present the scan images of a 36-year-old white woman, with the diagnosis of an incidental papillary thyroid microcarcinoma of 2 mm developed from lymphatic thyroiditis, associated with an invasive papillary thyroid carcinoma ...
Lucchinetti Eliana - - 2012
Two preconditioning stimuli should induce a more consistent overall cell protection. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC, second preconditioning stimulus) applied during isoflurane inhalation (first preconditioning stimulus) would provide more protection to the myocardium of patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. In this placebo-controlled randomized controlled study, patients ...
Im Hyung-Jun - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To assure the surgical completeness of the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET), we compared ET and open thyroidectomy (OT) by means of the radioactive iodine (RAI) uptake of remnant thyroid. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: From January 2003 to May 2007, 46 patients who had received RAI ablation after ...
Gupta Pushpender - - 2012
Because bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals are excreted into the urine by the kidneys, normal kidneys and bladder are well visualized on skeletal scintigrams leading to incidental detection of urinary tract abnormalities in up to 15% of bone scans. Although the findings pertaining to the urinary tract on skeletal scintigraphy are seldom suggestive ...
Bauer Dirk - - 2012
Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) reportedly improves herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK). Here we studied the role of the amniotic membrane (AM) on macrophages. BALB/c mice with necrotizing HSK received an AMT or tarsorrhaphy (TAR) as control. Apoptosis of F4/80+ cells was determined using the annexinV/7-AAD system. Macrophage invasion was determined using ...
Lee Youngrok - - 2012
To evaluate serial changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters in terms of variation in pupil diameter (PD) using AS optical coherence tomography (OCT) in eyes with primary angle closure or primary angle closure glaucoma (PCG), age-matched open-angle (AO) eyes, and young open-angle (YO) eyes. Forty-four PCG (mean ± SD; 62.2 ...
Lee Yeong Yeh - - 2012
Background and Aim:  The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is exceptionally low among the Malays in the north-eastern region of Peninsular Malaysia. The reasons are unknown. Our aim was to compare environmental factors that differed in relation to H. pylori prevalence among Malays born and residing in Kelantan. Methods:  A case-control ...
Greenspan Robin L - - 2012
: The purpose of this study was to evaluate frequency, intensity, and associations of distal spinal cord F-18 FDG uptake visible on PET/CT. Normal cervical, but not distal cord uptake, has been reported previously. : This is a retrospective review of consecutive oncologic whole body PET/CTs from 14 June, 2006 ...
Lyon-Maris Johnny - - 2012
Background:  Using trained actors to simulate trainee doctors in difficulty is a cost-effective communication skills teaching tool that can be enhanced by techniques that are familiar to hi-fidelity electronic simulation. Simulation has two broad strands: the first exchanges the patient for an actor in the clinical encounter, and the second ...
Chen Jian-Huan - - 2012
Genome-wide association studies have shown association of the atonal homolog 7 (ATOH7) and raftlin lipid raft linker 1 (RFTN1) genes with glaucoma-related optic disc parameters. ATOH7 and RFTN1 sequence variations were investigated in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and their relationships with vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR) and central corneal ...
Robertson Nic - - 2012
Background:  How to improve patient safety remains an intractable problem, despite large investment and some successes. Context:  Academics have argued that the root of the problem is a lack of a comprehensive 'safety culture' in hospitals. Other safety-critical industries such as commercial aviation invest heavily in staff training to develop ...
Davis Melinda J - - 2012
Studies of endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke have identified general anesthesia as a predictor for poor outcome in comparison with local anesthesia/sedation. This retrospective study attempts to identify modifiable factors associated with poor outcome, while adjusting for baseline stroke severity, in patients receiving general anesthesia. We reviewed charts of ...
Lammintausta Aino - - 2012
To examine the changes in socioeconomic disparities in the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and mortality in Finland and to analyze the effects of the severe economic recession of the early 1990s on these disparities. The population-based FINAMI Myocardial Infarction (MI) register recorded all suspected MI events among men ...
Manohar Kuruva - - 2012
Metastases are the most common intraocular malignancy. Determination of the primary site and entire burden of disease as a part of initial staging is important in choosing the most appropriate management strategy. F-18 FDG PET/CT can demonstrate primary neoplasms and the whole-body total burden of disease. We present 2 cases ...
Wuang Yee-Pay - - 2012
Aim  To examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and responsiveness of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition (MABC-2) Test for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Method  One hundred and forty-four Taiwanese children with DCD aged 6 to 12 years (87 males, 57 females) were tested on three separate occasions: ...
Ambrosini Valentina - - 2012
A case of Erdheim-Chester disorder, a rare non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, was referred for restaging by F-18 FDG PET/CT more than 10 years after initial diagnosis. The patient presented diabetes insipidus, hypergondotropic hypogonadism, and osteosclerotic lesions. Previous bone scintigraphy documented pathognomonic long bones' involvement. Chronic steroid and hormone replacement therapy was ...
Gadoud Amy - - 2012
Background:  All newly qualified doctors will look after patients in the last stages of life. Context:  This article is a review of the literature regarding medical students learning from hospice patients, focusing on practical concerns of relevance to those involved in organising or conducting medical student teaching. Innovation:  Medical students ...
Mestre-Fusco Antoni - - 2012
A 28-year-old man with headache, nausea, and decreased vision had a left parieto-occipital tumor demonstrated by MRI. Postradical resection and histology showed a solid mass containing rhabdoid cells, 10% positive for Ki-67. After completing chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment, follow-up MRI revealed possible tumoral recurrence. Cerebral F-18 FDG PET revealed no ...
Zevit Noam - - 2012
Background:  Helicobacter pylori-associated disease has led to aggressive diagnostic and eradication protocols that are partially responsible for the decrease in prevalence of H. pylori carriage. Recent evidence indicates that in low-prevalence populations, H. pylori may have protective effects on allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ...
Behrens-Muller Brie - - 2012
Objective. To define the extent of an outbreak of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia, determine the source of the outbreak, and implement control measures. Design. An outbreak investigation, including environmental and infection control assessment, and evaluation of hypotheses using the binomial distribution and case control studies. Setting. A 50-bed medical surgical unit in a hospital ...
Rakheja Rajan - - 2012
A 29-year-old male presented with a 6-month history of left hip pain. Radiography and CT demonstrated a 6-cm lytic lesion of the left acetabulum. F-18 FDG PET for staging of the biopsy-proven malignant PEComa demonstrated intense hypermetabolism corresponding to the lytic left acetabulum. The patient underwent left hemipelvectomy with reconstructive ...
Kaemmerer Daniel - - 2012
: Previous studies of the intraoperative use of a hand-held gamma probe to localize metastases and primary tumors have shown improved assessment of tumor spread and changes in surgical management based on additional information gained by radioguided surgery (RGS). : The aim was to test the feasibility and advantages of ...
Tripathi Madhavi - - 2012
: With the availability of multiple positron emission tomography (PET) tracers for neurooncology, there is a need to define the appropriate tracer in a given clinical setting, and it is in this regard that we undertook this study to directly compare F-18 flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET and C-11 methionine (MET) PET ...
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