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Elkashef Ahmed - - 2012
  Topiramate has shown efficacy at facilitating abstinence from alcohol and cocaine abuse. This double-blind, placebo-controlled out-patient trial tested topiramate for treating methamphetamine addiction.   Participants (n = 140) were randomized to receive topiramate or placebo (13 weeks) in escalating doses from 25 mg/day [DOSAGE ERROR CORRECTED] to the target maintenance of ...
Brašić James Robert JR The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Maryland 21287-0807, USA. - - 2012
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disability characterized by mutations in the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 located at the Xq28 region. The severity is modified in part by X chromosomal inactivation resulting in wide clinical variability. We hypothesized that the ability to perform the activities of daily living (ADL) is ...
Vacher-Coponat Henri - - 2012
The best immunosuppressive regimen in benefit-risk ratio in renal transplantation is debated. Nowadays, tacrolimus (Tac) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) are considered more efficient than cyclosporine A (CsA) and MMF, but recent studies have challenged this assumption. We conducted a monocentric, prospective, open-labeled, randomized, and controlled trial comparing CsA/azathioprine (Aza) versus ...
Myaskovsky Larissa - - 2012
Although end-stage kidney disease in African Americans (AAs) is four times greater than in whites, AAs are less than one half as likely to undergo kidney transplantation (KT). This racial disparity has been found even after controlling for clinical factors such as comorbid conditions, dialysis vintage and type, and availability ...
Wijeyesekera Anisha A Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, United - - 2012
Significant advances in understanding aging have been achieved through studying model organisms with extended healthy lifespans. Employing 1H NMR spectroscopy, we characterized the plasma metabolic phenotype (metabotype) of three long-lived murine models: 30% dietary restricted (DR), insulin receptor substrate 1 null (Irs1-/-), and Ames dwarf (Prop1df/df). A panel of metabolic ...
Hussain Naveed - - 2012
Epigenetic modifications are key processes in understanding normal human development and are largely responsible for the myriad cell and tissue types that originate from a single-celled fertilized ovum. The three most common processes involved in bringing about epigenetic changes are DNA methylation, histone modification, and miRNA effects. There are critical ...
Rytlewski Julie A - - 2012
Morphological analysis is an essential step in verifying the success of a tissue engineering strategy where the presence of a desired cellular phenotype must be determined. While morphometry has transitioned from observational grading to computational quantification, established quantitative methods eliminate information by relying on two-dimensional (2D) analysis to describe three-dimensional ...
Ambady Sakthikumar - - 2012
Using a combination of deep sequencing and bioinformatics approach, we for the first time identify miRNAs and their relative abundance in mature, metaphase II arrested eggs in Xenopus laevis. We characterize 115 miRNAs that have been described either in Xenopus tropicalis (85), X. laevis (9), or other vertebrate species (21) ...
Cacho-Valadez Briseida - - 2012
Functional in vivo studies on the mitochondrial thioredoxin system are hampered by the embryonic or larval lethal phenotypes displayed by murine or Drosophila knock-out models. Thus, the access to alternative metazoan knock-out models for the mitochondrial thioredoxin system is of critical importance. We report here the characterization of the mitochondrial ...
Zou Chunlin - - 2012
Derivation of pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) induced from somatic cell types and the subsequent genetic modifications of disease-specific or patient-specific iPSCs are crucial steps in their applications for disease modeling as well as future cell and gene therapies. Conventional procedures of these processes require co-culture with primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts ...
Ramming Thomas - - 2012
The oxidative process of disulfide-bond formation is essential for the folding of most secretory and membrane proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). It is driven by electron relay pathways that transfer two electrons derived from the fusion of two adjacent cysteinyl side chains onto various types of chemical oxidants. The ...
Ge Yiyu - - 2012
Screening efforts led to the identification of PI-8182 (1), an inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like (CT-L) activity of the proteasome. Compound 1 contains a hydronaphthoquinone pharmacophore with a thioglycolic acid side chain at position 2 and thiophene sulfonamide at position 4. An efficient synthetic route to the hydronaphthoquinone sulfonamide scaffold was ...
Jain Nidhi - - 2012
Macrolide antibiotics yield high concentrations in inflamed tissue, suggesting that their levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) could be increased at gingivitis sites. However, the increased volume of GCF associated with gingivitis could potentially dilute macrolides. To determine whether these assumptions are correct, the bioavailability of systemically administered azithromycin was ...
Parker-Esquivel Brooke B Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, - - 2012
In this study, manganese oxide (MnO) nanorods and its association with polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) and macromolecular RNA were analyzed. Because manganese is found naturally in cells and tissues and binds proteins and nucleic acids, nanomaterials derived from manganese, such as first generation MnO, may have potential as a biocompatible delivery ...
Sgolastra Fabrizio F Department of Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy. - - 2012
The combination of Amoxicillin and metronidazole (AMX/MET) as an adjunctive treatment to scaling root planing (SRP) has been proposed for the treatment of chronic periodontitis; however, its effectiveness and clinical safety remain to be defined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness of SRP + AMX/MET ...
Onisâi Minodora M Hematology Department, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Elias University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania. - - 2012
Thrombocytopenia affects about 10% of all pregnancies. Preeclampsia/HELLP syndrome induced thrombocytopenia may associate perinatal morbidity, preterm delivery, or low-birth-weight newborns. To assess perinatal outcome and complications of pregnancy in women presenting with thrombocytopenia. We retrospectively analyzed 936 consecutive pregnant women admitted during a 6-month period. Incidence of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy ...
Tan Darlene Q - - 2012
Formal cycloaddition reactions between imines and cyclic anhydrides serve as starting point for the synthesis of diverse libraries of small molecules. The synthesis of succinic anhydrides substituted with electron-withdrawing groups is facilitated by new mild conditions for alkylation of aryl-substituted acetyl esters with ethyl bromoacetate. These anhydrides are then used ...
Grogan Shawn P - - 2012
Manipulation of cell patterns in three dimensions in a manner that mimics natural tissue organization and function is critical for cell biological studies and likely essential for successfully regenerating tissues--especially cells with high physiological demands, such as those of the heart, liver, lungs, and articular cartilage.(1, 2) In the present ...
Okano Kiichiro - - 2012
All-trans-retinal and its condensation-products can cause retinal degeneration in a light-dependent manner and contribute to the pathogenesis of human macular diseases such as Stargardt's disease and age-related macular degeneration. Although these toxic retinoid by-products originate from rod and cone photoreceptor cells, the contribution of each cell type to light-induced retinal ...
Jelsing J - - 2012
Previous studies with the novel once daily glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue liraglutide and the GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide have revealed profound insulinotrophic and antidiabetic effects, but also potent effects on gastric emptying (GE) and long-term and lasting reductions in body weight. In this study, we examined the acute and chronic ...
Liu Ting - - 2012
Nerve regeneration in an injured spinal cord is often restricted, contributing to the devastating outcome of neurologic impairment below the site of injury. Although implantation of tissue-engineered scaffolds has evolved as a potential treatment method, the outcomes remain sub-optimal. One possible reason may be the lack of topographical signals from ...
Broccatelli Fabio - - 2012
The Biopharmaceutics Drug Disposition Classification System (BDDCS) was successfully employed for predicting drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with respect to drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs), drug transporters and their interplay. The major assumption of BDDCS is that the extent of metabolism (EoM) predicts high versus low intestinal permeability rate, and vice versa, at ...
Hebbring Scott J - - 2012
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyzes the transfer of a β-carbon from serine to tetrahydrofolate to form glycine and 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate. This reaction plays an important role in neurotransmitter synthesis and metabolism. We set out to resequence SHMT1 and SHMT2, followed by functional genomic studies. We identified 87 and 60 polymorphisms in SHMT1 ...
Sanford Staci D - - 2012
The repellent semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) causes growth cone turning or collapse by triggering cytoskeletal rearrangements and detachment of adhesion sites. Growth cone detachment is dependent on eicosanoid activation of protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε), but the characterization of the phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2) ) that releases arachidonic acid (AA) for eicosanoid ...
Krigsfeld Gabriel S - - 2012
To determine whether proton radiation affects coagulation. Ferrets were exposed to solar particle event-like proton radiation at doses of 0, 25, 100, or 200 centigray (cGy), and dose rates of 50 cGy/minute (high dose rate or HDR) or 50 cGy/hour (low dose rate or LDR). Plasma was isolated from blood ...
Vucetic Zivjena - - 2012
Chronic intake of high-fat (HF) diet is known to alter brain neurotransmitter systems that participate in the central regulation of food intake. Dopamine (DA) system changes in response to HF diet have been observed in the hypothalamus, important in the homeostatic control of food intake, as well as within the ...
Wei Peng P Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105-3678, - - 2012
Cerebellin precursor protein (Cbln1) is essential for synapse integrity in cerebellum through assembly into complexes that bridge pre-synaptic β-neurexins (Nrxn) to post-synaptic GluRδ2. However, GluRδ2 is largely cerebellum-specific, yet Cbln1 and its little studied family members, Cbln2 and Cbln4, are expressed throughout brain. Therefore, we investigated whether additional proteins mediate ...
Sylvester Juliesta E - - 2012
Mass spectrometry is used to investigate global changes in protein abundance in cell lysates. Increasingly powerful methods of data collection have emerged over the past decade, but this has left researchers with the task of sifting through mountains of data for biologically significant results. Often, the end result is a ...
Feng Zhiyang - - 2012
In a recent study of polyketide biosynthetic gene clusters cloned directly from soil, we isolated two antibiotics, fasamycins A and B, which showed activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. To identify the target of the fasamycins, mutants with elevated fasamycin A minimum inhibitory concentrations were selected from ...
Barak Larry S - - 2012
Ligand bias is a recently introduced concept in the receptor signaling field that underlies innovative strategies for targeted drug design. Ligands, as a consequence of conformational selectivity, produce signaling bias in which some downstream biochemical pathways are favored over others, and this contributes to variability in physiological responsiveness. Though the ...
Pérez-de la Cruz Veronica V Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2012
In the mammalian brain, the α7 nicotinic and NMDA receptor antagonist kynurenic acid is synthesized by irreversible enzymatic transamination of the tryptophan metabolite l-kynurenine. d-kynurenine, too, serves as a bioprecursor of kynurenic acid in several organs including the brain, but the conversion is reportedly catalyzed through oxidative deamination by d-amino ...
Shepherd Timothy M - - 2012
This case demonstrates extraosseous 99m-technetium methylene diphosphonate (Tc-99m MDP) accumulation from a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. A 75-year-old woman underwent a temporal bone CT for conductive hearing loss that showed sclerosis in the right occipital condyle. Follow-up Tc-99m MDP bone scan for osseous metastases instead showed a mass-like extraosseous accumulation of ...
Nguyen Vien X - - 2012
Unilateral hypermetabolic lesion of parotid gland demonstrated on PET/CT imaging may originate from a large spectrum of benign or malignant processes, such as adenoma, Warthin's tumor, oncocytic neoplasm, lymphoma, and primary or secondary malignancy of the gland. Bilateral and multifocal parotid gland disease is less common but possible because of ...
Chun Linda J - - 2012
: The aim of this study was to determine the morbidity of a defunctioning loop ileostomy and the subsequent closure rate, and to identify the predictors of complications and nonclosure of stoma. : This study is a retrospective review of a single-institution experience. : All patients who underwent a planned ...
Schumacher Silvia - - 2012
To develop a theoretical model for riboflavin ultraviolet-A cross-linking treatment that can predict the increase in stiffness of the corneal tissue as a function of the ultraviolet intensity and riboflavin concentration distribution, as well as the treatment time. A theoretical model for calculating the increase in corneal cross-linking (polymerization rate) ...
Gupta Rajiva - - 2012
Inflammatory enthesitis is a hallmark of spondyloarthropathies (SSA) and may antedate other clinical manifestations. The involvement of Achilles tendon and plantar aponeurosis is common, with strong tendency toward fibrosis and calcification. We are describing imaging characteristics in a patient with positive HLA B-27 antigen with bilateral calcific achilles tendonitis who ...
van Onkelen R S - - 2012
: Transanal advancement flap repair is successful in 2 of every 3 patients with a cryptoglandular fistula passing through the middle or upper third of the external anal sphincter. It has been suggested that ongoing disease in the remaining fistula tract contributes to failure. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract ...
Butte Jean M - - 2012
Following polypectomy, colectomy is performed selectively to ensure complete clearance of neoplasia. This study aimed to determine the risk factors associated with residual disease at colectomy following malignant polypectomy. This is a retrospective study. This investigation took place at a tertiary teaching cancer center. Consecutive patients undergoing polypectomy followed by ...
McEvoy Michelle - - 2012
Objectives:  Virtual patients are used across a variety of clinical disciplines for both teaching and assessment, but are they an appropriate environment in which to develop professional skills? This study aimed to evaluate students' perceived effectiveness of an online interactive virtual patient developed to augment a personal professional development curriculum, ...
Bae Jeong M - - 2012
The contribution of chromosomal instability, microsatellite instability, and epigenetic instability to the development of synchronous colorectal carcinomas is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the relative roles of microsatellite instability and epigenetic instability in the development of synchronous colorectal cancers. This was a retrospective study of medical records with histologic, ...
Liu Ngai - - 2012
This randomized controlled trial describes automated coadministration of propofol and remifentanil, guided by M-Entropy analysis of the electroencephalogram. The authors tested the hypothesis that a novel dual-loop controller with an M-Entropy monitor increases time spent within predetermined target entropy ranges. Patients scheduled for elective surgery were randomly assigned in this ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2012
The attendees at a meeting have different ways in which they get information and make decisions, different personal needs, and different ways in which they participate in groups. Some have counterproductive behaviors in committee meetings, such as attacking others, talking too long but not saying much, talking too little, deliberately ...
Tow Jonathan - - 2012
A 56-year-old man, recently diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, was referred for a FDG PET/CT scan to stage disease. Unexpected large fluid collections with FDG-avid peripheries and central photopenia were demonstrated in the abdomen and pelvis on the FDG PET/CT study. The collections were urgently drained with subsequent resolution. After antibiotic ...
Joseph Sundari - - 2012
Undergraduate interprofessional education (IPE) is perceived by many in health and social care education to reduce barriers between the professions. In Aberdeen there has been an IPE programme with Robert Gordon University and University of Aberdeen, and 10 health and social care courses since 2003. The steering groups reported to ...
Tomita Hiroko - - 2012
Two patients with lung cancer who had undergone stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) exhibited increased F-18 FDG uptake in the chest wall after 6 months and 18 months, respectively, after SBRT. The prescribed dose of 50 Gy to the planning target volume was delivered on 4 consecutive days in each ...
Kasparek Michael S - - 2012
: Permanent colostomy, pelvic dissection, and radiotherapy after abdominoperineal resection can put quality of life and sexual and urinary function at risk; however, there are limited data using validated instruments on patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection regarding these outcome measures. : We evaluated the quality of life and the sexual and ...
Grabellus Florian - - 2012
: Glucose transporters 1 (GLUT1) facilitates glucose uptake in cancer. An inverse relationship between I-131 and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in PET/CT ("flip-flop phenomenon") was described for thyroid cancers (TCs) during dedifferentiation. We investigated the relationship among GLUT1 expression, proliferation, iodine concentration, and glucose uptake in different TC types, with ...
Mitchell Peter J - - 2012
: Anal acoustic reflectometry is a new reproducible technique that allows a viscoelastic assessment of anal canal function. Five new variables reflecting anal canal function are measured: the opening and closing pressure, opening and closing elastance, and hysteresis. : The aim of this study was to assess whether the parameters ...
Hassan Fahim Ul - - 2012
A 46-year-old man, with a history of bilateral amputations, presented with a long-standing chronic nonhealing wound at the left below-knee amputation, which was sustained after a crush injury. The patient was referred for a bone scan to exclude osteomyelitis of the left stump. The bone scan showed increased uptake in ...
Kaiser Andreas M - - 2012
: Continent ileostomy is an alternative for patients who are either not candidates for an ileo-anal pullthrough or in whom an ileo-anal pullthrough failed. We previously described a new type of continent ileostomy (T-pouch) with a nonintussuscepting valve. : This study performed an outcomes analysis of the first 10 years ...
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