Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1016
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Mulji Alpa - - 2012
The biological complexity associated with the regulation of histone demethylases makes it desirable to configure a cellular mechanistic assay format that simultaneously encompasses as many of the relevant cellular processes as possible. In this report, the authors describe the configuration of a JMJD3 high-content cellular mechanistic imaging assay that uses ...
Cossi Marcus Vinícius Coutinho - - 2012
The type of sampling technique used to obtain food samples is fundamental to the success of microbiological analysis. Destructive and nondestructive techniques, such as tissue excision and rinsing, respectively, are widely employed in obtaining samples from chicken carcasses. In this study, four sampling techniques used for chicken carcasses were compared ...
Ferguson Andrew D - - 2012
Leukotrienes are biologically active lipid metabolites of arachidonic acid that are involved in inflammation and play a significant role in respiratory and cardiovascular disease. The integral nuclear membrane protein 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) is essential for leukotriene biosynthesis in response to cellular activation. The crystal structures of human FLAP with two ...
Stacey N E - - 2012
This study investigated two related aspects of male-female reproductive interactions in the family Cyprinidae: (1) whether ovulating female rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus (subfamily Leuciscinae) induce endocrine and gonadal priming responses in conspecific males, a phenomenon which has been described only in species from the subfamily Cyprininae such as goldfish, Carassius auratus, ...
Onuki Yoshinori - - 2012
The precipitation of phenytoin sodium injection provoked by mixing with infusion fluids renders its use in clinical practice difficult, as rapid intravenous (i.v.) push and i.v. infusion are supposed to be avoided. As some of its aspects remain unclear, this study tried to elucidate this precipitation mechanism. In particular, this ...
Wang Xuchu - - 2012
Considering the importance of CBB staining in visualizing proteins in 2-DE gels, any improvement in the existing protocols with high sensitivity and good MS compatibility is of significant importance. In this study, we systematically evaluated the effects of different staining parameters on CBB methods by 1-DE and 2-DE, and demonstrated ...
Abley M J - - 2012
Campylobacter has been implicated as a major cause of foodborne illness worldwide. Pigs can be subclinically infected, and fecal contamination of meat during slaughter is a food safety risk. The objective of this study was to determine the association between the concentration of Campylobacter pre- and periharvest with postharvest contamination ...
Meyer Britt M - - 2012
Many challenges face vascular access nurses as technology improves and patients require more numerous and lengthy intravenous therapies. Nurses began placing peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) at the patient bedside in an effort to defray costly interventional radiology procedures and provide for patient comfort. In recent years, the numbers of ...
Wendler David - - 2012
Pediatric research without the potential for clinical benefit is vital to improving pediatric medical care. This research also raises ethical concern and is regarded by courts and commentators as unethical. While at least 10 justifications have been proposed in response, all have fundamental limitations. This article describes and defends a ...
Wu Pei-Hsun - - 2012
High-throughput ballistic injection nanorheology is a method for the quantitative study of cell mechanics. Cell mechanics are measured by ballistic injection of submicron particles into the cytoplasm of living cells and tracking the spontaneous displacement of the particles at high spatial resolution. The trajectories of the cytoplasm-embedded particles are transformed ...
Chareprasert Sukanyanee - - 2012
The Xylariaceae is one of the best-known pyrenomycete families (Ascomycota) and is distributed throughout the world. The majority are wood inhabitants and are prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Halorosellinia oceanicum is the most widely distributed in mangroves and can be regarded as truly manglicolous being frequently recorded as the ...
Blumer S - - 2012
In total, 796 serum samples of sheep on commune alpine pastures in the region of Vorarlberg were investigated by a commercial ELISA kit for antibodies against Chlamydia abortus, the agent of ovine enzootic abortion. The aim of the study was to determine the seroprevalence within this region and to compare ...
Cho Mi-Yeon - - 2012
Plant-derived polyhenols inhibit cancer cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. Recently, prenylflavonoids and alkyl-phloroacetophenones have been reported for their in vitro antitumor activity. In the present study, we examined the cytotoxic activity of prenyl (3-PAP) and geranyl (3-GAP) derivatives of phloroacetophenone, and xanthohumol (XN), a prenyl-chalcone, in human breast cancer (MCF-7) ...
Okado Ryohei - - 2012
A catalytic amount of tin(IV) chloride catalyzed formal [4+2] cycloaddition reaction of di-tert-butyl 2-ethoxycyclobutane-1,1-carboxylate with ketones or aldehydes to give diethyl 6-ethoxydihydro-2H-pyran-3,3(4H)-dicarboxylates, whereas two equivalents of trimethylsilyl triflate promoted tandem [4+2] cycloaddition and lactonization to afford 3-oxo-2,6-dioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane-4-carboxylate esters.
Yeomans John S - - 2012
All five muscarinic receptor subtypes and mRNAs are found widely in the brain stem, with M(2) muscarinic receptors most concentrated in the hindbrain. Three cholinergic cell groups, Ch5: pedunculopontine (PPT); Ch6: laterodorsal tegmental (LDT); Ch8: parabigeminal (PBG), are found in the tegmentum. Ch5,6 neurons are activated by arousing and reward-activating ...
Ahmed Faiyaz - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that has significant impact on the health, quality of life and life expectancy, as well as on the health care system. Butea monosperma Lam. Kuntze (Fabaceae), commonly known as palash, is widely used in the treatment of various diseases and disorders including diabetes. ...
Oren Aharon - - 2012
The waters of the Dead Sea currently contain about 348 g/l salts (2 M Mg(2+), 0.5 M Ca(2+), 1.5 M Na(+), 0.2 M K(+), 6.5 M Cl(-), 0.1 M Br(-)). The pH is about 6.0. After rainy winters the surface waters become diluted, triggering development of microbial blooms. The 1980 ...
Rask Charlotte Ulrikka - - 2012
Hypochondriasis, now often designated as health anxiety, is important in terms of prevalence, levels of suffering, and health services cost in adults. Whereas the DSM-IV-TR suggests that the condition primarily begins in adulthood, retrospective reports point to a possible origin in childhood with onset as early as preschool age. However, ...
Haynes Jeffrey M - - 2012
The skill and work habits of the pulmonary function technologist are central to the quality of patient testing. Pulmonary function technologists should be chosen carefully. The pulmonary function technologists must be intelligent, conscientious, and possess critical thinking skills. Studies are needed to better identify which kinds of personality traits correlate ...
Tangnitipong Sunanta - - 2012
Artemisinin exerts the antimalarial activity through activation by heme. The hemolysis in malaria results in the elevated levels of plasma heme which may affect the activity of artemisinin. We hypothesized that the extracellular heme would potentiate the antimalarial activity of artemisinin. Hemin (ferric heme) at the pathologic concentrations enhanced the ...
Murata Toshihiro - - 2012
An extract of Keiskea japonica MIQ. showed an inhibitory effect on hyaluronidase activity. From the extract, four new phenylpropanoids, two new maltol glycosides, two new monoterpene glycosides, and two new phenolic compounds were isolated together with 19 known compounds. Among these constituents, two phenylpropanoids and a flavone glucuronide were revealed ...
O'Reilly Jacqueline - - 2012
Following the US experience, activity-based funding has become the most common mechanism for reimbursing hospitals in Europe. Focusing on five European countries (England, Finland, France, Germany and Ireland), this paper reviews the motivation for introducing activity-based funding, together with the empirical evidence available to assess the impact of implementation. Despite ...
Gilliland Gary L - - 2012
Antibodies make up the largest, growing segment of protein therapeutics in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. The development or engineering of therapeutic antibodies is based to a large extent on our knowledge of antibody structure and requires sophisticated methods that continue to evolve. In this chapter, after a review of ...
Allen-Ankins S - - 2012
Juvenile Murray cod Maccullochella peelii exhibited a type II functional response while preying on blackworms Lumbriculus variegatus, and the parameters of the type II model did not differ significantly between clear (0 NTU) and turbid (150 NTU) treatments. Further experiments showed that vision may not be necessary for prey detection ...
Chaipech Saowanee - - 2012
Two new phenolic glycosides, kaempferiaosides A and B were isolated from the rhizomes of Kaempferia parviflora (Zingiberaceae) together with 24 known compounds. Their structures including absolute stereochemistry were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence. Among the isolates, 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone showed higher activity than silybin, a commercial hepatoprotective agent.
Czaplewski Lynn M - - 2012
There are many clinical questions that nurses may not have answers for in everyday practice. This dilemma leads many of them to look to the research for answers, guidance, or even more questions. Today's professional nurse should be familiar with common literature search methods. This article leads the nurse researcher ...
Shami Paul J - - 2012
With the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), the management and outlook for patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) have completely changed over the past 10 years. Imatinib was the first TKI approved to treat CML in the chronic phase. After their initial approval as second-line agents, dasatinib and nilotinib ...
Krupnick Alexander Sasha AS Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2012
Primary lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related death in the Western world, and the lung is a common site for recurrence of extrathoracic malignancies. Small-animal (rodent) models of cancer can have a very valuable role in the development of improved therapeutic strategies. However, detection of mouse pulmonary tumors ...
Jebaraj Cathrine Sumathi - - 2012
Molecular diversity surveys of marine fungi have demonstrated that the species richness known to date is just the tip of the iceberg and that there is a large extent of unknown fungal diversity in marine habitats. Reports of novel fungal lineages at higher taxonomic levels are documented from a large ...
Kameyama Y - - 2012
• Premise of the study: Cinnamomum camphora is an evergreen tree distributed in southern Japan, Taiwan, and southeastern China. Because of its vast utilization and cultivation, the natural distribution area of this species has been controversial. • Methods and Results: I isolated and characterized 22 microsatellite loci in C. camphora. ...
Kawaguchi Takashi - - 2012
Although pharmacist counseling assumes an important role in the clinical setting, oncology pharmacy practitioners worldwide currently lack adequate guidance. This study aimed to identify the determinants and causal relationships that affect quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients before adjuvant systemic therapy for improving pharmacist counseling and guidance. This ...
Janar Jenis - - 2012
Six new diterpenoids, sabiperones A-F (1-6) have been isolated from the aerial part of Juniperus sabina. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR techniques. Sabiperone F showed moderate cell growth inhibitory activities against five human cancer cell lines.
Tani Shoichi - - 2012
We performed 3D-CT angiography (3D-CTA) with contrast injection to a feeding artery through a selectively introduced catheter into the intercostal artery in a patient with spinal hemangioblastoma. It revealed a relative three-dimensional (3D) anatomy between a tumor body, feeding arteries, draining veins, and surrounding vertebrae with superior resolution to 3D-CTA ...
Hoage Tiffany - - 2012
Zebrafish embryos have been extensively used to study heart development and cardiac function, mainly due to the unique embryology and genetics of this model organism. Since most human heart disease occurs during adulthood, adult zebrafish models of heart disease are being created to dissect mechanisms of the disease and discover ...
Ezhilan Bagavathi Perumal - - 2012
The presence of diverse secondary metabolites has been reported from species of the genus Polygonum. However, there has been not much information available on phytochemical components and biological activity in the whole plant ethanol extract of Polygonum chinense L. This study was designed to determine the phytocomponents in the whole ...
Huang Hsiang H Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA 98195-6560, USA. - - 2012
To examine the association between changes in depressive symptoms and disability status in patients with diabetes. This 5-year prospective cohort study included 2733 patients with diabetes enrolled in the Pathways Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study who had completed depression and activities of daily living questionnaires at baseline and 5 years. Four depression ...
Seed Laura - - 2012
Over the years a great deal of effort has been made to standardize all pulmonary function tests on adults. Many of the "rules" concerning the interpretation of the spirogram have been based entirely on adult observations. In the age of increasing conformity, and attempts to relate "adult" literature to the ...
Mohebbi Shohreh - - 2012
A series of 2-substituted-4,6-diaminipyrimidine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitory activity. Saturation transfer difference (STD) (1)H-NMR experiments were used to probe the binding characteristics of the compounds with human DHFR enzyme. The most potent molecules, 12 and 15, in enzyme assay study showed the best ...
Tillack Allison Anne AA Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0850, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine how the adoption of PACS has affected the professional relationships among radiologists and referring providers and to evaluate the effect of PACS on perceptions of radiologists' roles in patient care. A medical anthropologic approach was used to assess the impact of PACS ...
Yoder Sally F - - 2012
Numerous antimicrobial interventions are capable of reducing the prevalence of harmful bacteria on raw meat products. There is a need to identify effective and inexpensive antimicrobial interventions that could, in practice, be used in very small meat plants because of limited financial, space, and labor resources. Eight antimicrobial compounds (acetic ...
Taylor David G - - 2012
The study of the embryonic development of the cardiac conduction system and its congenital and toxicological defects requires protocols to measure electrical conduction through the myocardium. However, available methods either lack spatial information, necessitate the hearts to be sliced and mounted, or require specialized equipment. Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) are plates ...
Ruppel Gregg L - - 2012
Pulmonary function testing is often considered the basis for diagnosis in many categories of pulmonary disease. Although most of the testing methodologies are well established and widely employed, there are still many questions regarding how tests should be performed, how to ensure that reliable data are produced, what reference values ...
Frangoul Haydar - - 2012
Over the past 50 years there has been considerable progress and success in the field of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in children. In addition there has been significant improvement in transplant outcomes for both malignant and nonmalignant indications. These improved outcomes have resulted in many long-term survivors who ...
- - 2012
The most valuable texts of 2011, as chosen by AJN's panel of judges.
Ishibashi Mai - - 2012
The effects of six lipophilic vitamins: tretinoin (ATRA), vitamin D(3) (VD(3)), VE, VK(1), VK(3), and VK(5) on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human A375 melanoma cells were investigated. VD(3), VK(3), and VK(5) were found to inhibit cell proliferation significantly at concentration ranges of 10-100 μmol/L (p<0.01), while the other vitamins did ...
Sorenson Corinna - - 2012
Health technology assessment (HTA) has assumed an increasing role in health systems in recent years, with many countries establishing agencies or programmes to evaluate health technology and other interventions to inform policy decisions and clinical practice. This paper reflects upon its development and evolution in Europe over the last decade, ...
Nishihara Yutaka - - 2012
Comparative efficacy study data showed that skin preparations formulated with more than 0.5% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) in alcohol produced significant reductions in microbial populations at the inguinal, abdominal, and antecubital sites at each sample time (P < .05) relative to baseline, and there were no significant differences statistically, including persistent ...
Markovic Bojan D - - 2012
The permeation properties of twenty newly synthesized α-alkoxyalkanoyl and α-aryloxyalkanoyl C-21 esters of standard corticosteroids: Fluocinolone acetonide, dexamethasone, triamcinolone acetonide and hydrocortisone were established using a PAMPA assay (70% silicone oil and 30% isopropyl myristate). The data were compared with parent corticosteroids with addition of mometasone furoate and hydrocortisone acetate. ...
Sanjana Neville E - - 2012
Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) are a class of naturally occurring DNA-binding proteins found in the plant pathogen Xanthomonas sp. The DNA-binding domain of each TALE consists of tandem 34-amino acid repeat modules that can be rearranged according to a simple cipher to target new DNA sequences. Customized TALEs can be ...
Sarma Vemuri Venkateswara - - 2012
Rhizophora spp. occurring in mangrove habitats are excellent hosts for marine fungi. The morphological adaptations of this host plant provide suitable niche for the marine fungi. This review deals with diversity and ecology of marine fungi occurring on Rhizophora spp. Two hundred and one fungal species have been recorded on ...
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