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Mankar Madhavi J - - 2011
Leprosy a chronic infectious affliction, is a communicable disease that posses a risk of permanent and progressive disability. The associated visible deformities and disabilities have contributed to the stigma and discrimination experienced by leprosy patients, even among those who have been cured. 1) To assess the knowledge, attitude and belief ...
Vemuganti Geeta K - - 2011
One of the most frequent types of corneal specimen that we received in our pathology laboratory is an excised corneal tissue following keratoplasty. Several of these cases are due to corneal infections or the sequelae, like corneal scar. Advances in the histological and molecular diagnosis of corneal infections and inflammations ...
Harikrishna Beena - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol in the management of periorbital infantile hemangioma in four subjects. Consecutive patients who presented with periorbital capillary hemangioma with vision-threatening lesions were prospectively enrolled in this study between January 2009 and October 2010. All subjects underwent treatment with 2 mg/kg/day oral ...
Abdellatif Manal Z M - - 2011
To study the common presenting signs of external ophthalmomyiasis caused by Oestrus ovis larvae in Aljabal Algharbi province, Libya. A prospective non- comparative study was conducted from September 2009 to July 2010 at the Gharian outpatient clinic, Gharian, Aljabal Algharbi, Libya. The common presenting features of patients with external ophthalmomyiasis ...
Dansie Elizabeth J - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been found to be comorbid with various medical conditions in clinical samples, but little research has investigated CFS comorbidity in population-based samples. This study investigated conditions concurrent with a CFS-like illness among twins in the population-based Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR), including chronic widespread pain (CWP), ...
Jordan Lyndon A - - 2012
Phenotypically plastic mating behavior may allow males to modify their reproductive behavior to suit the prevailing social conditions, but we do not know if males only react to immediate social stimuli or change their inherent mate preferences according to their social history. Here we examine the effect of social experiences ...
Revell Liam J - - 2012
Currently available phylogenetic methods for studying the rate of evolution in a continuously valued character assume that the rate is constant throughout the tree or that it changes along specific branches according to an a priori hypothesis of rate variation provided by the user. Herein, we describe a new method ...
Schrader Matthew - - 2012
Asymmetric sibling competition arises when siblings with different competitive abilities share a limited resource. Such competition occurs in species with postnatal parental care and may also occur when mothers provision embryos between fertilization and birth (matrotrophy). We hypothesized that the combination of matrotrophy and the simultaneous provisioning of embryos in ...
Schielzeth Holger - - 2012
Mate choice based on sexual ornaments can impose strong selection, which raises the question of how genetic variation in ornaments is maintained. One mechanism that has been proposed is genic capture. If ornament expression is influenced by general condition and condition is under polygenic control, selection will be inefficient in ...
Paradis Emmanuel - - 2012
Tests of shift in diversification associated with key innovations or directional environmental change can be performed with sister-clade comparisons. This approach is attractive because it does not require detailed phylogenetic information. I propose a new likelihood ratio test based on fitting two models of diversification. I show how this test ...
Taylor Eric B - - 2012
Ecological speciation is the evolution of reproductive isolation as a direct or indirect consequence of divergent natural selection. Reduced performance of hybrids in nature is thought to be an important process by which natural selection can favor the evolution of assortative mating and drive speciation. Benthic and limnetic sympatric species ...
van Woerden Janneke T - - 2012
Ecological factors have been shown to be important for brain size evolution. In this comparative study among catarrhine primates, we examine two different ways in which seasonality may be related to brain size. First, seasonality may impose energetic constraints on the brain because it forces animals to deal with periods ...
Basson C Helene - - 2012
Rapid cold-hardening (RCH) is a unique form of phenotypic plasticity which confers survival advantages at low temperature. The fitness costs of RCH are generally poorly elucidated and are important to understanding the evolution of plastic physiology. This study examined whether RCH responses, induced by ecologically relevant diel temperature fluctuations, carry ...
Mueller Laurence D - - 2012
Recent studies with Drosophila have suggested that there is extensive genetic variability for phenotypic plasticity of body size versus food level. If true, we expect that the outcome of evolution at very different food levels should yield genotypes whose adult size show different patterns of phenotypic plasticity. We have tested this prediction ...
Chandler Christopher H - - 2012
Sex determination is a critical developmental decision with major ecological and evolutionary consequences, yet a large variety of sex determination mechanisms exist and we have a poor understanding of how they evolve. Theoretical and empirical work suggest that compensatory adaptations to mutations in genes involved in sex determination may play ...
Weiss-Schneeweiss Hanna - - 2012
Polyploidy, an important factor in eukaryotic evolution, is especially abundant in angiosperms, where it often acts in concert with hybridization to produce allopolyploids. The application of molecular phylogenetic techniques has identified the origins of numerous allopolyploids, but little is known on genomic and chromosomal consequences of allopolyploidization, despite their important ...
Gralton Karen S - - 2012
The Synergy Model for Patient Care is a framework for professional nursing practice that emphasizes the unique relationship between patients and clinicians, which can result in optimal outcomes for both. Integrating this model into contemporary nursing practice at a freestanding children's hospital was accomplished by "backing into the model" and ...
Pyron R Alexander - - 2012
Snake diversity varies by at least two orders of magnitude among extant lineages, with numerous groups containing only one or two species, and several young clades exhibiting exceptional richness (>700 taxa). With a phylogeny containing all known families and subfamilies, we find that these patterns cannot be explained by background ...
Muzić Vedrana - - 2011
The aim of the study was to analyze the senior population when deciding to choose either going to the private or public physical medicine practice in Croatia. 240 patients (public and private group, 120 participants each) from the Croatian medium large county Primorje-Gorski kotar, were enrolled from 6 physical medicine ...
Marinović Marin - - 2011
Because of a possible delayed wound healing, critical colonization and infection of wounds present a problem for surgeons, particularly in patients with compromised immune system or in case where the wound is heavy contaminated or poorly perfused. Molndal technique of wound dressing has proven to be effective in prevention of ...
Bakula Marinka Andelić - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the possible differences in self-reported quality of life of people with physical disabilities with regard to both socio-demographic and disability-related characteristics. Testing was conducted on 153 respondents with physical disabilities, residents of the City of Zagreb. Positive correlations were found between the ...
Mrak Bernard - - 2011
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is one of the most common causes of the vision loss and blindness in developed countries. Among other harmful effects, exposure to the UV radiation is the most prominent factor for the development of the disorder. Using the method of SD OCT (Spectral Domain Ocular Coherence ...
Mravicić Ivana - - 2011
Residual esotropia is a common problem following bilateral medial rectus (MR) recessions for esotropia. The patient was 30 years old men who underwent bilateral MR recession of both eyes in the childhood. Recession was repeated on the right eye few years after the first surgery, but residual esotropia progressed. Prior ...
Bryńska Anita - - 2011
Repetitive and stereotyped behaviours in the form of stereotyped interests or specific routine activities are one ofthe diagnostic criteria in pervasive developmental disorders. The occurrence of repetitive behaviours in patients with pervasive developmental disorders is a starting point for questions about the type and classification criteria of such behaviours. The ...
Kraljik Nikola - - 2011
The aim of this study is to show the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in Osijek Baranja County, Eastern Croatia, in period from 2004 to 2009. This is the first report of epidemiological features of squamous cell skin carcinoma in this region. In this period we registered ...
Bulog Aleksandar - - 2011
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells represent two major types of immune cytotoxic cells that have a crucial role in innate immunity. Urban air pollution represents a common and difficult problem in the majority of metropolises, which contain high levels of traffic congestion generating great amounts of genotoxic ...
Brncić Nada - - 2011
Tuberculous meningoencephalitis (TBM) is a rare and serious, often fatal presentation of active tuberculosis and account for about 1% of cases. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of TBM is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Here, we report a case of TBM in 60-year-old man. TBM was considered on the ...
Iniewicz Grzegorz - - 2011
The paper presents results of research concerning attachment patterns and anxiety in adolescents suffering from mixed disorders of conduct and emotions. Both clinical and control group completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The first questionnaire measures parental style as perceived by the child, it consists of two ...
Belac-Lovasić Ingrid - - 2011
Colorectal cancer is the second most common malignant disease in developed countries, with about one million new cases worldwide every year, accompanied with high mortality rate. We examined the survival rate and recurrence (occurrence of distant metastases and/or local recurrence) of patients with colorectal cancer in Primorsko-Goranska and Istarska County ...
Girotto Dean - - 2011
The predominance in performing surgery of major spine injuries by neurosurgeons usually has the consequence of treating all types of spine injuries by neurosurgeons - neurotraumatologists. In the neurosurgical wards of Clinical Hospital Rijeka, we take care of the majority of these patients, following both the major, as well as ...
Bohac Maja - - 2011
This study reports early outcomes of a cohort of presbyopic patients treated with Intracor. The study took place from December 2010 to May 2011 and was conducted in University Eye Hospital "Svjetlost", Zagreb, Croatia. 95 eyes were enrolled in this prospective clinical trial (49 patients with non dominant eye and ...
Mrakovcić-Sutić Ines - - 2011
Natural killer T (NKT) and regulatory T cells (Tregs) play an important role in innate immune response. Natural killer (NK) and NKT cells are indispensable factors in the body's ongoing defense against tumor development, as well as viral infection. NKT cells are a subset of T cells that shares properties ...
Romac Ivana - - 2011
A 69 years old women underwent uneventful cataract surgery of her left eye with phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation in topical anesthesia. Patient was postoperatively treated with combination of antibiotic and steroid in decreasing dosages during five weeks: one drop five times a day the first week, three ...
Brytek-Matera Anna - - 2011
The purpose was to evaluate the relationship between negative body-related attitudes and self-representation among patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa. A sample of 33 female anorexic, 38 female bulimic and 40 female students without eating disorders participated in present study. We used The Figure Rating Scale (Stunkard et al., 1983) ...
Sarilar Marijana - - 2011
Psoriasis is a disease with a profound impact on the psychological and social aspects of the patient, particularly because of its visibility. Quality of life is impaired and different mental health disorders like depression, anxiety, alcoholism, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are found among persons suffering from psoriasis. Studies have shown ...
Mance Tea Caljkusić - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate possible connection between omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio and development and progression of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). We examined 125 patients diagnosed with ARMD and divided into 5 groups of 25 patients according to CARMS (Clinical Age-Related Maculopathy Staging System). Control group consists ...
Markić Dean - - 2011
The kidneys are organs with multiple functions and essential to maintain life. Ablative procedures, such as nephrectomy, diminish nephron mass and can have a potentially negative impact on renal function. We investigated renal function outcome in patients who underwent nephrectomy for renal cell cancer with special emphasize on elderly patients. ...
Cupić Dora Fuckar - - 2011
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) comprise a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases that are secreted as inactive precursors, which are activated by cleavage of an N-terminal pro-peptide. Their basic mechanisms of action include cancer cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and the regulation of tumour angiogenesis and immune surveillance. The expression ...
Markić Dean - - 2011
The Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP) allocates kidneys from elderly donors to elderly recipients (> or = 65 years old). During the last 39 years, 922 kidney transplantations were performed in our transplant center. We retrospectively analysed patients included in the ESP from the our center. Eleven patients > or = ...
Grzetić-Lenac Renata - - 2011
Bullous keratopathy (BK) is a chronic corneal edema with or without subepithelial bullae as a result of a loss of the endothelial cells. 15 patients with BK after cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation, due to Fuchs dystrophy (n = 3) or corneal endothelial trauma (n = 12) were included ...
Pankas Josipa - - 2011
Psychological and physical patient state as well as the influence of other social factor is of great influence voice rehabilitation. A team of experts in the field of voice and its function are involved in voice therapy. Our research was focused on the successfulness of voice recovery depending on the ...
Avancini-Dobrović Viviana - - 2011
Shoulder calcific lesions of the rotator cuff are a common problem in physiatric and orthopedic practice. The lesions are mostly located in the supraspinatus tendon, close to the insertion area in the critical zone. Patients are usually treated conservatively by nonsteroid antiinflammatory drugs, analgesic drugs, local injections, physiotherapy and rarely ...
Kovacević Damir - - 2011
Conjunctival melanoma is a relatively rare malignancy. It is presented as pigmented nodule in any area of conjunctiva, amelanotic tumors are pink with smooth appearance. The authors describe an amelanotic melanoma of the conjunctiva in an 82-year-old female patient. Cytological, histopathological and immunohistochemical studies revealed an invasive amelanotic melanoma exhibiting ...
Józefik Barbara - - 2011
It is impossible to think about psychotherapy without reference to the cultural context. In order to understand the development of this domain it is helpful to apply the concept of cultural discourse. When we think about the over one hundred years' history of psychotherapy it becomes clear that understanding of ...
Alerić Zorica - - 2011
Skin lesions, benign and malignant, are more common in the older than younger people. Due to the aging of the skin and greater exposure to the impact of ultraviolet rays, their long-term cumulative negative effect, skin lesions are more common in the head and neck area than on other parts ...
Kraljik Nikola - - 2011
In Osijek-Baranja County, there was a rise in the number of non-invasive and fall of invasive cervical cancer in the period 2000-2008, but cervical cancer still represents an important public health problem in Osijek-Baranja County. Cervical cancer in 2008 was the ninth female cancer site and represents 3.5% of all ...
Novak-Stroligo Maja - - 2011
Central corneal thickness is very important measurement in glaucoma treatment because it influences the eye pressure measurements. A thinner cornea gives us artifactually lower intraocular pressure and a thicker cornea gives higher intraocular pressure reading, so it has to be corrected in both cases. The aim of this study is ...
Gavrić Morena - - 2011
In this prospective study we wanted to report our experience and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ex-press Mini-Glaucoma Shunt implantation under a superficial scleral flap, as a newly and improved surgical technology in a treatment of POAG (Primary open-angle glaucoma) and refractory glaucoma. 44 eyes (35 patients) underwent ...
Malatestinić Dulija - - 2011
Melanoma consists 4-5% of all skin cancers, but it contributes to 71-80% of skin cancers deaths. It is controversial whether worldwide increases in melanoma incidence represent a true epidemic but at the same time that dramatic increase in incidence occur in setting of relatively stable mortality trends, observed in Croatia ...
Lugović-Mihić Liborija - - 2011
Actinic reticuloid (AR) or chronic actinic dermatitis is considered a sunlight-induced pseudolymphoma (PSL) on light exposed areas of the skin, which primarily affects elderly males. The disease is a severe, chronic photosensitive dermatosis, first described by Ive et al. in 1969. PSL is a group of non-cancerous lymphocytic skin disorders ...
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