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Results 751 - 800 of 1016
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Hashemi Behnam - - 2011
Despite improvement in hepatitis B infection prevention through national vaccination programs, implementation of compulsory and thorough blood donor screening, and reduction of transfusion numbers due to erythropoietin administration,hepatitis B remains a major concern in hemodialysis (HD) centers [1]. Compared to aresponse rate of over 90% in the normal population, only ...
Sen Anitha - - 2011
Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous disease that is more common in tropical than in temperate regions. Early diagnosis is important due to the therapeutic implications. Although biopsy and microbiological culture provide definitive diagnosis, they are time-consuming procedures and may not be able to provide a definite diagnosis in cases of ...
Chelliah S Timothy - - 2011
To evaluate the accuracy of measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient by catheter wedge as compared to balloon wedge (the gold standard). Forty-five patients having a clinical diagnosis of intrahepatic portal hypertension were subjected to the two different types of pressure measurements (catheter wedge and balloon wedge) during transjugular liver ...
Al-Kahtani Eman - - 2011
We report the surgical removal of an iris pigment epithelial cyst that was floating freely in the posterior chamber of an 18-month-old child. The reason for surgical removal was disturbance in near vision secondary to the movement of the cyst across the visual axis. Visual disturbance secondary to a unilateral ...
Dansie Elizabeth J EJ Center for Clinical and Epidemiological Research, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been found to be comorbid with various medical conditions in clinical samples, but little research has investigated CFS comorbidity in population-based samples. This study investigated conditions concurrent with a CFS-like illness among twins in the population-based Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry (MATR), including chronic widespread pain (CWP), ...
Schrader Matthew - - 2012
Asymmetric sibling competition arises when siblings with different competitive abilities share a limited resource. Such competition occurs in species with postnatal parental care and may also occur when mothers provision embryos between fertilization and birth (matrotrophy). We hypothesized that the combination of matrotrophy and the simultaneous provisioning of embryos in ...
Paradis Emmanuel - - 2012
Tests of shift in diversification associated with key innovations or directional environmental change can be performed with sister-clade comparisons. This approach is attractive because it does not require detailed phylogenetic information. I propose a new likelihood ratio test based on fitting two models of diversification. I show how this test ...
Revell Liam J - - 2012
Currently available phylogenetic methods for studying the rate of evolution in a continuously valued character assume that the rate is constant throughout the tree or that it changes along specific branches according to an a priori hypothesis of rate variation provided by the user. Herein, we describe a new method ...
Schielzeth Holger - - 2012
Mate choice based on sexual ornaments can impose strong selection, which raises the question of how genetic variation in ornaments is maintained. One mechanism that has been proposed is genic capture. If ornament expression is influenced by general condition and condition is under polygenic control, selection will be inefficient in ...
Jordan Lyndon A - - 2012
Phenotypically plastic mating behavior may allow males to modify their reproductive behavior to suit the prevailing social conditions, but we do not know if males only react to immediate social stimuli or change their inherent mate preferences according to their social history. Here we examine the effect of social experiences ...
Mueller Laurence D - - 2012
Recent studies with Drosophila have suggested that there is extensive genetic variability for phenotypic plasticity of body size versus food level. If true, we expect that the outcome of evolution at very different food levels should yield genotypes whose adult size show different patterns of phenotypic plasticity. We have tested this prediction ...
Taylor Eric B - - 2012
Ecological speciation is the evolution of reproductive isolation as a direct or indirect consequence of divergent natural selection. Reduced performance of hybrids in nature is thought to be an important process by which natural selection can favor the evolution of assortative mating and drive speciation. Benthic and limnetic sympatric species ...
van Woerden Janneke T - - 2012
Ecological factors have been shown to be important for brain size evolution. In this comparative study among catarrhine primates, we examine two different ways in which seasonality may be related to brain size. First, seasonality may impose energetic constraints on the brain because it forces animals to deal with periods ...
Basson C Helene - - 2012
Rapid cold-hardening (RCH) is a unique form of phenotypic plasticity which confers survival advantages at low temperature. The fitness costs of RCH are generally poorly elucidated and are important to understanding the evolution of plastic physiology. This study examined whether RCH responses, induced by ecologically relevant diel temperature fluctuations, carry ...
Chandler Christopher H - - 2012
Sex determination is a critical developmental decision with major ecological and evolutionary consequences, yet a large variety of sex determination mechanisms exist and we have a poor understanding of how they evolve. Theoretical and empirical work suggest that compensatory adaptations to mutations in genes involved in sex determination may play ...
Gralton Karen S - - 2012
The Synergy Model for Patient Care is a framework for professional nursing practice that emphasizes the unique relationship between patients and clinicians, which can result in optimal outcomes for both. Integrating this model into contemporary nursing practice at a freestanding children's hospital was accomplished by "backing into the model" and ...
Weiss-Schneeweiss Hanna H Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, A-1030 Vienna, Austria. - - 2012
Polyploidy, an important factor in eukaryotic evolution, is especially abundant in angiosperms, where it often acts in concert with hybridization to produce allopolyploids. The application of molecular phylogenetic techniques has identified the origins of numerous allopolyploids, but little is known on genomic and chromosomal consequences of allopolyploidization, despite their important ...
Pyron R Alexander - - 2012
Snake diversity varies by at least two orders of magnitude among extant lineages, with numerous groups containing only one or two species, and several young clades exhibiting exceptional richness (>700 taxa). With a phylogeny containing all known families and subfamilies, we find that these patterns cannot be explained by background ...
Palijan Tija Zarković - - 2011
Psoriasis, as same as other skin diseases, has an influence on many spheres of patient's life. It influences the mental image the patients have of themselves and it indirectly shapes their personality traits as well as it defines the quality of their lives. The purpose of the study was to ...
Ruzić Alen - - 2011
Various positive effects of pet ownership on cardiovascular health are well known. The aim of this prospective and controlled longitudinal study was to determine the effects of everyday dog-walking on physical capacity in elderly patients during the first year after myocardial infarction. Regularly dog-walking for at least 15 minutes three ...
Bryńska Anita - - 2011
Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PPD) refers to the group of disorders characterised by delayed or inappropriate development of multiple basic functions including socialisation, communication, behaviour and cognitive functioning. The term,,autistic spectrum disorders" was established as a result of the magnitude of the intensity of symptoms and their proportions observed in all ...
Boras Ivan - - 2011
Diabetic macular edema is the leading cause of moderate visual deterioration in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Ranibizumab) blocks vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced hyperpermeability of blood vessels. In this prospective case series we investigated the efficacy and safety of anti-VEGF treatment in reduction of central retinal thickness (CRT) and ...
Situm Mirna - - 2011
Melasma is a common, acquired facial skin disorder, mostly involving sun-exposed areas like cheeks, forehead and upper lip. Melasma occurs in both sexes, although almost 90 percent of the affected are women. It is more common in darker skin types (Fitzpatrick skin types IV to VI) especially Hispanics/Latinos, Asians and ...
Belac-Lovasić Ingrid - - 2011
Colorectal cancer is the second most common malignant disease in developed countries, with about one million new cases worldwide every year, accompanied with high mortality rate. We examined the survival rate and recurrence (occurrence of distant metastases and/or local recurrence) of patients with colorectal cancer in Primorsko-Goranska and Istarska County ...
Girotto Dean - - 2011
The predominance in performing surgery of major spine injuries by neurosurgeons usually has the consequence of treating all types of spine injuries by neurosurgeons - neurotraumatologists. In the neurosurgical wards of Clinical Hospital Rijeka, we take care of the majority of these patients, following both the major, as well as ...
Kraljik Nikola - - 2011
The aim of this study is to show the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in Osijek Baranja County, Eastern Croatia, in period from 2004 to 2009. This is the first report of epidemiological features of squamous cell skin carcinoma in this region. In this period we registered ...
Marinović Dunja - - 2011
Identification of persons through the eyes is in the field of biometrical science. Many security systems are based on biometric methods of personal identification, to determine whether a person is presenting itself truly. The human eye contains an extremely large number of individual characteristics that make it particularly suitable for ...
Milić Sandra - - 2011
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a measure of the variation of red blood cell width that is reported as apart of standard complete blood count. Red blood cell distribution width results are often used together with mean corpuscular volume (MCV) results to figure out mixed anemia. The aim ...
Izydorczyk Bernadetta - - 2011
The aim of the study was psychological diagnosis of body self structure in Polish group of women (120 young women) suffering from eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia nervosa) and schizophrenic psychosis. The authoress used the following method: Eating Disorder Inventory EDI D.Garner, Satisfaction of Body Questionnaire T.Thompson and projection methods: ...
Marinović Marin - - 2011
Because of a possible delayed wound healing, critical colonization and infection of wounds present a problem for surgeons, particularly in patients with compromised immune system or in case where the wound is heavy contaminated or poorly perfused. Molndal technique of wound dressing has proven to be effective in prevention of ...
Bakula Marinka Andelić - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the possible differences in self-reported quality of life of people with physical disabilities with regard to both socio-demographic and disability-related characteristics. Testing was conducted on 153 respondents with physical disabilities, residents of the City of Zagreb. Positive correlations were found between the ...
Toth Ivan - - 2011
The number of individuals allergic to plant pollen has recently been on a constant increase. The knowledge of diurnal distribution and abundance of allergenic pollen types, their patterns and response to source position and weather is useful to correlate hay fever symptoms with the presence of allergenic pollen in the ...
Kovacić Slavica - - 2011
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a widely used method in prevention of stroke for carotid artery stenosis as an alternative to surgical treatment. Initial studies reveal higher morbidity and mortality rates for CAS than acceptable standards for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to compare results in ...
Jancić Ervin - - 2011
The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the central nervous system (CNS) tumours epidemiology in Karlovac region, over the 1995-2010 period. We analyzed data on 359 patients (194 men and 165 women), diagnosed with CNS tumours according to the World Health Organization's diagnostic criteria, in period ...
Bulog Aleksandar - - 2011
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells represent two major types of immune cytotoxic cells that have a crucial role in innate immunity. Urban air pollution represents a common and difficult problem in the majority of metropolises, which contain high levels of traffic congestion generating great amounts of genotoxic ...
Brncić Nada - - 2011
Tuberculous meningoencephalitis (TBM) is a rare and serious, often fatal presentation of active tuberculosis and account for about 1% of cases. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of TBM is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Here, we report a case of TBM in 60-year-old man. TBM was considered on the ...
Iniewicz Grzegorz - - 2011
The paper presents results of research concerning attachment patterns and anxiety in adolescents suffering from mixed disorders of conduct and emotions. Both clinical and control group completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The first questionnaire measures parental style as perceived by the child, it consists of two ...
Toth Ivan - - 2011
Depending on the geographic and climatic region and vegetation, allergenic plants are characteristic for certain areas and the pollen concentrations of various plant species depend on the fenophase of each single species and most of all on the climatic and meteorological conditions of a certain area. It is precisely because ...
Strenja-Linić Ines - - 2011
Multiple randomized trials over the last decade for both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis have proven the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in reducing the risk of stroke. The aim of this prospective non-randomizing cohort study was to determine the incidence of carotid arteries restenosis after CEA as well as ...
Pankas Josipa - - 2011
Psychological and physical patient state as well as the influence of other social factor is of great influence voice rehabilitation. A team of experts in the field of voice and its function are involved in voice therapy. Our research was focused on the successfulness of voice recovery depending on the ...
Avancini-Dobrović Viviana - - 2011
Shoulder calcific lesions of the rotator cuff are a common problem in physiatric and orthopedic practice. The lesions are mostly located in the supraspinatus tendon, close to the insertion area in the critical zone. Patients are usually treated conservatively by nonsteroid antiinflammatory drugs, analgesic drugs, local injections, physiotherapy and rarely ...
Kovacević Damir - - 2011
Conjunctival melanoma is a relatively rare malignancy. It is presented as pigmented nodule in any area of conjunctiva, amelanotic tumors are pink with smooth appearance. The authors describe an amelanotic melanoma of the conjunctiva in an 82-year-old female patient. Cytological, histopathological and immunohistochemical studies revealed an invasive amelanotic melanoma exhibiting ...
Józefik Barbara - - 2011
It is impossible to think about psychotherapy without reference to the cultural context. In order to understand the development of this domain it is helpful to apply the concept of cultural discourse. When we think about the over one hundred years' history of psychotherapy it becomes clear that understanding of ...
Cupić Dora Fuckar - - 2011
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) comprise a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases that are secreted as inactive precursors, which are activated by cleavage of an N-terminal pro-peptide. Their basic mechanisms of action include cancer cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and the regulation of tumour angiogenesis and immune surveillance. The expression ...
Markić Dean - - 2011
The Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP) allocates kidneys from elderly donors to elderly recipients (> or = 65 years old). During the last 39 years, 922 kidney transplantations were performed in our transplant center. We retrospectively analysed patients included in the ESP from the our center. Eleven patients > or = ...
Peitl Marija Vucić - - 2011
For the general public, but also for healthcare professionals, schizophrenia is still one of those areas of medicine connected with feelings of unease, fear and prejudice. These feelings lead to stigmatization and discrimination which are unjust processes which put patients suffering from mental illnesses into undesirable and unequal positions. Aim ...
Nadarević-Stefanec Vesna - - 2011
Patient satisfaction has been a widely investigated subject in health care research. Quality of care from the patient perspective, especially in home health care, however has been investigated only very recently. Home health care is a system of care provided by skilled practitioners to patients in their homes under the ...
Rubesa Gordana - - 2011
In the clinical practise it has been observed that the person changes physically, too, after aesthetic surgery. The aim of this work was to examine, by objective psychological measurements, what changes occur, and what personality features change. Forty six subjects that had an aesthetic surgery were examined; they were tested ...
Ostrić Mirjana - - 2011
The retrospective investigation was done about relationships between diabetes and cranial nerve lesions (CNL) on the sample of hospitalized neurological patients in Clinical Hospital Dubrava (CHD) in 6 yrs. period (2001-2006). The goal was to expand the cognition about CNL as a complication of diabetes, to investigate possibility of better ...
Hauser Goran - - 2011
According to the literature, quality of life has been shown to be reduced in females compared with males with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Psychosocial factors are also playing an important role in IBD, especially emotional lability. The aims of study was to investigate the sex differences in general and specific ...
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