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Results 401 - 450 of 2994
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Vale Thiago Cardoso - - 2012
We report a case of a 51-year-old man with multiple myeloma who presented with lumbar pain and left limb paresis. Cerebrospinal fluid, brain and spinal cord resonance imaging revealed a diffuse infiltration of the cauda equina without any cranial leptomeningeal enhancement. An infiltration limited to the cauda equina is extremely ...
Balán Iván C IC HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Unit 15, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY, 10032, USA. - - 2013
The emergence of barebacking (intentional unprotected anal intercourse in situations where there is risk of HIV infection) among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been partially attributed to a decrease in HIV-related concerns due to improved anti-retroviral treatment. It is important to understand the level of concern these ...
Vuyisich Momchilo - - 2012
Anthrax lethal toxin (LT) is a major virulence factor of Bacillus anthracis. The vast majority of the anthrax toxin-related literature describes the assembly of LT as a cell-dependent process. However, some reports have provided evidence for the existence of a fully assembled LT, either in vitro or in the bloodstream ...
Power Kevin E KE Department of Physiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. - - 2012
Previous work has shown that motoneurone excitability is enhanced by a hyperpolarization of the membrane potential at which an action potential is initiated (V(th)) at the onset, and throughout brainstem-evoked fictive locomotion in the adult decerebrate cat and neonatal rat. Modeling work has suggested the modulation of Na(+) conductance as ...
Bénéré E - - 2012
SUMMARYThis study investigated the significance of the genetic differences between assemblages A, B and E on intestinal growth and virulence. Intestinal growth and virulence were studied in 2 laboratory (AI: WB and B: GS/M-83-H7) and 6 field isolates of assemblage subtype AI, AII, B and EIII. Intestinal trophozoite burdens, body ...
Vassiliou Vassilios S - - 2012
To the Editor: In the article by Granger et al. describing the results of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) study (Sept. 15 issue),(1) it was disappointing that patients with atrial fibrillation who were treated with warfarin had an international normalized ratio ...
Youk Ji Hyun - - 2012
To determine the time when follow-up ultrasound (US) should begin for concordant benign lesions after US-guided 14-gauge core needle breast biopsy (CNB). This was an IRB-approved retrospective study, with a waiver of informed consent. Among 3,888 consecutive US-guided CNBs performed between August 2005 and March 2008, 1,492 breast masses in ...
Araujo Paulo H - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate three different non-invasive measuring devices for the pivot shift phenomenon with reference to direct bony movement measured by an electromagnetic device rigidly attached to the tibia and femur. METHODS: A lower body cadaveric specimen was prepared to create a positive pivot ...
Nabavi Seyed Fazel - - 2012
Toxic and essential elements levels (chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, cadmium, and zinc) have been determined in the brain, heart, liver, gill, gonads, spleen, bile and muscle of S. lucioperca, collected from the Caspian Sea by employing Flame- Atomic absorption spectrometry. Results indicated that nearly all of the toxic ...
O'Shea Matthew - - 2012
A 40-year-old woman with asthma presented with pleuritic chest pain of acute onset. She had been coughing markedly for 2 weeks and had been treated with antibiotics for a lower respiratory tract infection. There was no history of trauma.
Janiec J - - 2012
SUMMARYLaboratory data are the cornerstone in surveillance of infectious disease. We investigated whether changes in reported incidence of Campylobacter and Salmonella infection might be explained by changes in stool sampling rates. Data were extracted from a national database on 585 843 patient stool samples tested by microbiology laboratories in Wales ...
Mutua Florence Kanini - - 2012
We used face-to-face interviews to gather data on pig feeding practices in rural Busia District, Kenya. We visited 164 pig farms three times in the course of the study period. The pigs were weighed in kilograms during the visits. Feeds offered to pigs were described during the interviews. The most ...
Rizvi Saiyada N F - - 2012
Positron emission tomography (PET) with (89)Zr-ibritumomab tiuxetan can be used to monitor biodistribution of (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan as shown in mice. The aim of this study was to assess biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan in humans on the basis of (89)Zr-ibritumomab tiuxetan imaging, to evaluate whether co-injection of a ...
Steurer Michael Morten - - 2012
In this article, we report the construction of a novel type of automated learning device for exploring a broad range of issues in animal visual cognition. The testing box (Multi-Stimulus Box, or MSB) we describe is an experimental chamber that enables the flexible presentation of various stimulus types while providing ...
Mukolo Abraham - - 2012
Early commencement of antiretroviral treatment can be beneficial and economical in the long run. Despite global advances in access to care, a significant proportion of adults presenting at HIV/AIDS care facilities present with advanced HIV disease. Understanding factors associated with late presentation for HIV/AIDS services is critical to the development ...
McCormick Aleesha M - - 2012
There are currently no acceptable cures for central nervous system injuries, and damage induced large gaps in the peripheral nervous system have been challenging to bridge to restore neural functionality. Innervation by neurons is made possible by the growth cone. This dynamic structure is unique to neurons, and can directly ...
Ito Daisuke - - 2012
Although cisplatin is indispensable for the chemotherapy treatment of many malignancies, cisplatin-associated thrombosis is attracting increasing attention. However, experience of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS) for coronary thrombosis, possibly due to cisplatin-based chemotherapy, has been limited. Case 1 with postoperative gastric cancer developed acute myocardial ...
Yan Chao - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is an important parasitic zoonosis caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that is distributed world-wide and infects a variety of hosts. However, the prevalence of T. gondii in the environment (such as soil, water and food) is largely unknown. Due to the technical difficulty in oocyst counting ...
Asanuma Hiroyuki - - 2012
In the presence of poly(l-lysine)-graft-dextran, an in-stem molecular beacon involving three perylene-anthraquinone pairs in the stem region had a signal/background ratio of as high as 570. Response speed was also remarkable; equilibrium was attained within 5 minutes after addition of substrate DNA at 20 °C.
Huber Heinrich J - - 2012
We devised an approach to extract control principles of cellular bioenergetics for intact and impaired mitochondria from ODE-based models and applied it to a recently established bioenergetic model of cancer cells. The approach used two methods for varying ODE model parameters to determine those model components that, either alone or ...
Díaz Agustín - - 2012
Doxorubicin was intercalated into novel zirconium phosphate nano-platelets (ZrP). The obtained doxorubicin intercalated ZrP nano-platelets had an impressive 34.9% (w/w) drug loading. We used this material to deliver doxorubicin to breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Cellular studies with MCF-7 cells showed higher uptake and cytotoxicity of doxorubicin loaded ZrP compared to ...
Sasaki Yuka - - 2012
Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat is an animal model for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the present study, we investigated whether pharmacologic doses of biotin have the potential to abate insulin resistance in the skeletal muscles of OLETF rats. OLETF rats (34 weeks of age) were divided into 2 ...
Dai Zong - - 2012
A label-free electrochemical method is developed for simple and convenient quantification of gene-specific DNA hypermethylation in a DNA sequence without PCR amplification, bisulfite conversion or labeling processes.
Mesías Marta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Zn utilization and status among a sample of Spanish boys consuming a diet based on Mediterranean patterns. DESIGN: Dietary Zn balance was assessed by means of Zn intake in food and Zn output in faeces and urine as measured by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In addition, biomarkers ...
Kaleta Dorota - - 2012
The aim of current analysis was to identify socio-demographic correlates of heavy smoking. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a nationally representative household study was implemented in Poland between 2009 and 2010. We used data on representative sample of 1915 adults, age 25 years and older. The Odds Ratios (OR) and ...
Nucci Luciana B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify spatial variation in the risk for metabolic complications (RMC) by means of a semi-parametric approach for multinomial data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We visited 730 households selected in the first of a two-stage sample in South health district in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 2006-2007. SUBJECTS: We interviewed ...
Pacheco-López Gustavo - - 2012
Like other physiological responses, immune functions are the subject of behavioural conditioning. Conditioned immunosuppression can be induced by contingently pairing a novel taste with an injection of the immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CsA) in an associative learning paradigm. This learned immunosuppression is centrally mediated by the insular cortex and the amygdala. ...
Filogonio R - - 2012
Specimens (n = 41) of the amphisbaenid Amphisbaena wuchereri taken from a population in Minas Gerais state, south-eastern Brazil, were examined for gastrointestinal parasites. A single nematode species was found, Paradollfusnema amphisbaenia. This was a new host record for this nematode species. This parasite was encountered in the large intestine (prevalence of ...
Pak Nikita - - 2012
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) systems have set milestones for small volume (100 nL-5 μL), amplification speed (100-400 s), and on-chip integration of upstream and downstream sample handling including purification and electrophoretic separation functionality. In practice, the microfluidic chips in these systems require either insertion of thermocouples or calibration prior to every amplification. ...
Burnett-Zeigler Inger - - 2012
PURPOSE: Depressive disorders are a growing public health concern, however, a substantial number of depressed individuals do not receive treatment. This study examined the longitudinal predictors of receiving depression treatment among adults with persistent depressive disorders and no lifetime history of treatment. METHODS: The sample included respondents to the National ...
Tessier Christine - - 2012
For a few years, the biological effects on ecosystems and the public of the bioaccumulation of radionuclides in situations of chronic exposures have been studied. This work, in keeping with the ENVIRHOM French research program, presents the uranium microdistribution by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) technique in the renal cortex ...
Vijayavel K - - 2012
Securing adequate and appropriate source material for coral-reef ecotoxicology studies is a significant impediment to conducting various experiments supporting the goal of conserving coral-reef ecosystems. Collecting colonies from wild stocks may be counter to protecting coral reef populations. To address this issue the rice coral Montipora capitata was used to ...
Kovalenko Lyudmyla Y - - 2012
Semantic processing of verbal and visual stimuli has been investigated in semantic violation or semantic priming paradigms in which a stimulus is either related or unrelated to a previously established semantic context. A hallmark of semantic priming is the N400 event-related potential (ERP)-a deflection of the ERP that is more ...
Thompson R Bruce - - 2012
ABSTRACTThis study explored preschool age and gender differences in help-seeking within the theoretical framework of scaffolded problem-solving and self-regulation (Bruner, 1986; Rogoff, 1990; Vygotsky, 1978; 1986). Within-subject analyses tracked changes in help-seeking among 62 preschoolers (34 boys, 28 girls, mean age 4.22 years) solving a challenging puzzle with an adult. ...
Luque R - - 2012
We have studied the diversity of culturable halophilic Archaea at Rambla Salada, Murcia (south-eastern Spain). We made 8 samplings at different places in this habitat during the years 2006 and 2007 and isolated a total of 49 strains, which were identified by means of phenotypic tests and the hypervariable V1-V3 ...
Kwon Y-D - - 2012
To review the effect of teriparatide as an adjunctive modality for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ), we describe a series of cases of teriparatide therapy for the treatment of BRONJ and serial changes of serum osteoclacin (s-OC) and serum C-terminal telopeptide cross-link of type I collagen (s-CTX). INTRODUCTION: Management ...
Lee Sun Joo - - 2012
The distal anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms located inside the internal auditory canal are rare. The association of the distal AICA aneurysms and an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) on the same arterial trunk is exceptional. Eight reports of a total of ten cases have been published and all of the ...
Yano Fumiaki - - 2012
A 31-year-old man, referred to our hospital for investigation of dysphagia, was found to have a spindle-shaped lower esophagus on a contrasted esophagram. The dysphagia was initially treated conservatively, but after 4 years of unsatisfactory control, he requested surgery. Our surgical team has been performing laparoscopic Heller-Dor fundoplication for achalasia since ...
Wilde Caroline - - 2012
Converting cellulosic biomass to ethanol involves the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and the fermentation of the resulting glucose. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is naturally ethanologenic, but lacks the enzymes necessary to degrade cellulose to glucose. Towards the goal of engineering S. cerevisiae for hydrolysis of and ethanol production from cellulose, ...
Lord Jennifer S - - 2012
SUMMARYAlthough bats are one of the most successful and diverse of mammalian orders, studies that focus upon bat endoparasites are limited. To further knowledge of bat parasitology, pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus) were acquired from across the Greater Manchester and Lancashire region of England and examined for gastrointestinal ...
McClintock Shawn M - - 2012
Self-ordered spatial working memory measures provide important information regarding underlying cognitive strategies, such as stereotypy. This strategy is based on repetitive sequential selection of a spatial pattern once a correct sequence has been identified. We previously reported that electroconvulsive shock (ECS) but not magnetic seizure therapy (MST) impaired performance on ...
Abe Mitsuru - - 2012
Tetrabutylphosphonium hydroxide containing 40 wt% water dissolved 20 wt% cellulose at the final concentration within 5 minutes under mild stirring at 25 °C.
Muñoz-Antoli C - - 2012
We analysed the influence of different ages of Echinostoma caproni adult worms reared in different definitive host-species on egg hatchability and miracidial infectivity. Eggs obtained from 2-, 4- and 6-week-old adult worms collected from rats, hamsters and mice, hatched miracidia that were used to infect laboratory-reared specimens of Biomphalaria glabrata. ...
Hofmann Bjørn - - 2012
Demographical changes in high income counties will increase the need of health care services but reduce the number of people to provide them. Welfare technology is launched as an important measure to meet this challenge. As with all types of technologies we must explore its ethical challenges. A literature review ...
Müller Jörg - - 2012
In habitats where prey is either rare or difficult to predict spatiotemporally, such as open habitats, predators must be adapted to react effectively to variations in prey abundance. Open-habitat foraging bats have a wing morphology adapted for covering long distances, possibly use information transfer to locate patches of high prey ...
Praschak-Rieder Nicole - - 2012
According to current knowledge, disturbances in brain monoamine transmission play a major role in many psychiatric disorders, and many of the radioligands used for investigating these disorders bind to targets within the brain monoamine systems. However, a phylogenetically ancient and prevailing function of monoamines is to mediate the adaptation of ...
Fan Ji - - 2012
In order to further investigate activated sludge system for better carbon metabolism and nitrogen removal with less energy consumption, a new kinetic model was established. The detailed description of the proposed model was introduced for understanding the mechanisms involved in the activated sludge system, especially simultaneous substrate storage and biomass ...
Simini Bruno - - 2012
To the Editor: In the article by Granger et al. describing the results of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) study (Sept. 15 issue),(1) it was disappointing that patients with atrial fibrillation who were treated with warfarin had an international normalized ratio ...
Chain Amina - - 2012
Severe bone loss is a recognized complication of chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Physical exercise contributes to bone health; however, its influence on bone mass of cervical SCI individuals has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of physical activity on bone mass, bone ...
Liu Bing - - 2012
Dephosphorylation plays a pivotal role in regulating plant growth, development and abiotic/biotic stress responses. Here, we characterized a plant and fungi atypical dual-specificity phosphatase (PFA-DSP) subfamily member, OsPFA-DSP1, from rice. OsPFA-DSP1 was determined to be a functional protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) in vitro using phosphatase activity assays. Quantitative real-time PCR ...
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