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Results 201 - 250 of 2093
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Jung Chang Hee - - 2012
Objective:  The ratio of apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) has been reported to be associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the optimal cut off value of apoB/A1 ratio for detecting subjects with MetS has remained undetermined. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether apoB/A1 ratio ...
Du Yu-Jie - - 2012
ATP6V1F encodes a component of vacuolar ATPase mediating acidification. The cDNA and the genomic sequences of ATP6V1F were cloned successfully for the first time from the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and touchdown-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. The cDNA fragment cloned is 364 bp in size, containing ...
Li Kai - - 2012
Electronic medical record (EMR) systems have been proposed as technology to improve the quality of patient care, decrease medical errors, control and reduce medical expenditure, however the financial effects have not yet been as well documented in China. We presented a net financial cost-benefit analysis of implementing electronic medical record ...
Sebestík Jaroslav - - 2012
Prions are suspected as causative agents of several neuropathogenic diseases, even though the mode of their action is still not clear. A combination of chemical and recombinant syntheses can provide suitable probes for explanation of prions role in pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. However, the prions contain several difficult sequences for ...
Gyllenberg David - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the timing of the start of psychotropic drug use and psychotropic polypharmacy use. Aims: This study describes these patterns in a Finnish representative cohort aged between 12 and 25. Methods: 5525 subjects born in 1981 were followed up between 1994 and 2005 using the Finnish ...
Tordera Daniel - - 2012
In this work we show that solution-processed light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) based on only an ionic iridium complex and a small amount of ionic liquid exhibit exceptionally good performances when applying a pulsed current: sub-second turn-on times and almost constant high luminances (>600 cd m(-2) ) and power efficiencies over ...
Kanbe Katsuaki - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the histological changes following the treatment with abatacept compared with methotrexate (MTX) by an immunohistological examination of synovial tissue for eleven different molecules to detect the expression patterns of cytokines. We histologically assessed the synovial tissues from 10 methotrexate (MTX)-treated RA patients ...
Yamada Masanori - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: α-Lipoic acid (α-LA) has been reported to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Proinflammatory cytokines stimulate the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression, leading to excess production of NO and resulting in liver injury including IRI. We hypothesized that inhibition of iNOS induction underlies the protective effects of ...
Acosta Federico - - 2012
In agreement with its distinct phylogenetic origin, the envelope of Thermus thermophilus consists of a complex pattern of layers with properties intermediate between those of Gram positives and Proteobacteria. Its cell wall of Gram positive composition is surrounded by an outer envelope that includes a crystalline layer scaffold built up ...
Brockbank Kelvin G M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was evaluation of an ice-free cryopreservation method for heart valves in an allogeneic juvenile pulmonary sheep implant model and comparison with traditionally frozen cryopreserved valves. Hearts of 15 crossbred Whiteface sheep were procured in Minnesota. The valves were processed in South Carolina and the pulmonary ...
Koskas Martin - - 2012
In endometrial carcinoma (EC) and atypical hyperplasia (AH) diagnosed in childbearing years, the principle of uterine sparing consists in prescription of antigonadotropic treatment to obtain the remission of the endometrial lesion and allow pregnancy, always with a close follow-up looking for progression or persistence of the tumour. Studies evaluating this ...
Ransom-Jones Emma - - 2012
The phylum Fibrobacteres currently comprises one formal genus, Fibrobacter, and two cultured species, Fibrobacter succinogenes and Fibrobacter intestinalis, that are recognised as major bacterial degraders of lignocellulosic material in the herbivore gut. Historically, members of the genus Fibrobacter were thought to only occupy mammalian intestinal tracts. However, recent 16S rRNA ...
Voelkl Jakob - - 2012
Sustained increase of cardiac workload is known to trigger cardiac remodeling with eventual development of cardiac failure. Compelling evidence points to a critical role of enhanced cardiac Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE1) activity in the underlying pathophysiology. The signaling triggering up-regulation of NHE1 remained, however, ill defined. The present study explored the ...
Lu S G - - 2012
Magnetic fractions (MFs) in industrially derived contaminated soils were extracted with a magnetic separation procedure. Total, soluble, and bioaccessible Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in the MFs and non-magnetic fractions (NMFs) were analyzed using aqua regia and extraction tests, such as deionized water, toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), and gastric ...
Li Ming - - 2012
Recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) is a very efficient therapeutic protein drug which has been widely used in human clinics to treat cancer patients suffering from chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. In this study, rhG-CSF was solubilized from inclusion bodies by using a high-pH solution containing low concentration of urea. It was ...
Al-Saif Saud S - - 2012
Auditory-evoked potentials represent the response of the auditory pathway to an auditory stimulus. Specific language impairment (SLI) children have delayed language development with difficulties in both understanding and producing spoken language. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine whether a group of children with SLI had abnormal changes ...
Oruc M Tahir - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: As a complement to standard laparoscopy, single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILS) is gaining popularity. We report our technique and our initial experience with transumbilical multi-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TUMP-LC) without an access device, with standard laparoscopic instruments, and report the clinical outcomes. Material and methods: Twenty-five (23 F: 2 ...
Hansson Maja - - 2012
Background: Depression is common among primary care patients and the usual treatment often consists of antidepressant medication and supportive counselling/follow-ups. Previous studies have shown that patients and professionals have different beliefs about treatment, which in turn can decrease acceptance of the diagnosis, compliance and treatment outcome. Aims: The purpose of ...
Kalinina Tatyana S - - 2012
Brain noradrenergic system has been implicated in early-life stress effects on adult physiology and behavior; however, the mechanisms for this relationship are not clear. Here we tested the hypothesis that stress hormones, glucocorticoids, may affect noradrenergic system activity by modulating gene expression and function of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the key ...
Ahmed Zain - - 2012
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are involved in normal physiological functions at low concentrations, can have deleterious effects when produced in excess. Over time, ROS may result in a pathological state of imbalance known as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has long been implicated in many diseases, and is consistently associated ...
Town G - - 2012
In the past 5 years since their US introduction, there has been a rapid proliferation of light-based hair removal devices intended for home-use. In the last 2 years in Europe, sales already run into many tens of thousands of units with well-known multi-national companies entering the market. These guidelines provide a definition ...
Lee Seong Eon - - 2012
Two marine species of bacteria were isolated that are capable of degrading organometallic contaminants: Pseudomonas balearica, which decomposes methylmercury; and Shewanella putrefaciens, which decomposes tributyltin. P. balearica decomposed 97% of methylmercury (20.0 μg/L) into inorganic mercury after 3 h, while S. putrefaciens decomposed 88% of tributyltin (55.3 μg Sn/L) in real wastewater after ...
Wang Hongke - - 2012
ωB97XD/6-311++G(d,p) calculations were carried out to investigate the hydrogen-bonding interactions between adrenaline (Ad) and water. Six Ad-H(2)O complexes possessing various types of hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) were characterized in terms of their geometries, energies, vibrational frequencies, and electron-density topology. Natural bond orbital (NBO) and quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) ...
Prondzinsky Roland - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The IABP-SHOCK-trial was a morbidity-based randomized controlled trial in patients with infarction-related cardiogenic shock (CS), which used the change of the quantified degree of multiorgan failure as determined by APACHE II score over a 4-day period as primary outcome measure. The prospective hypothesis was that adding IABP therapy to ...
Boonsarngsuk Viboon - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Even though fluoroscopy-guided bronchoscopy has been well developed, the diagnostic yield of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) remains unsatisfying. Therefore, endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) has been implemented recently to enhance the possibility of attaining true diagnosis. However, there are few studies that directly compare the success rate of fiber-optic bronchoscopy with ...
Saka Cem - - 2012
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effects of nasal CPAP treatment on the morphology and function of nasal mucosa in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with complaints relevant to OSA underwent respiratory function tests, arterial blood gas analyses and polysomnography. Saccharine test and nasal biopsies ...
Ohtani Naoto - - 2012
The extremely thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus is a model organism for structural biology and systems biology, and the so-called "Structural and Functional Whole-Cell Project for T. thermophilus HB8" is in progress. The released genomic sequence of the strain HB8 is composed of chromosome, pTT27 megaplasmid, and pTT8 plasmid. In this ...
Lin Y-T - - 2012
Background  The usefulness of the drug patch testing for Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) is still controversial. Recent studies have shown that HLA-B*1502 is strongly associated with CBZ-SJS/TEN in Chinese and Southeast Asian populations. Objective  To evaluate the usefulness of patch tests for patients with carbamazepine (CBZ)-induced SJS, ...
Han J - - 2012
Background  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are frequently associated with diverse mucocutaneous manifestations. However, few studies of HIV/AIDS-related mucocutaneous manifestations have been reported in China. Objective  To investigate the occurrence of mucocutaneous disorders and their relationship with the degree of immunosuppression in 348 HIV-infected Chinese ...
Schubert Thomas - - 2012
Bone and tissue allografts are widely used in transplantation. The increasing demand for safe allografts must be met, while minimizing disease transmission. We analysed the incidence and potential risk factors of allograft contamination and the effectiveness of disinfection, by reviewing 22 years of tissue bank activity and 474 donor procurements. We ...
Kamphuis Lars G - - 2012
Gene expression changes and metabolite abundances were measured during the interaction of Medicago truncatula with the fungal necrotrophic pathogen Phoma medicaginis in leaf tissue of susceptible and resistant accessions. Over 330 genes were differentially expressed in plants infected with P. medicaginis relative to mock-inoculated plants at 12 h post-inoculation. Of these, 191 ...
Zheng Gang - - 2012
Dissolved organic matter from natural waters is a complex mixture of various chemical components, which play vital roles in many environmental processes such as the global carbon cycle and the fate of many key anthropogenic pollutants. Despite its environmental significance, the dissolved organic matter in natural form has never been ...
Morita Hiroshi - - 2012
A new spiro heterocycle, decarboxyportentol acetate (1) was isolated from the barks of Laumoniera bruceadelpha Nooteboom (Simaroubaceae), together with 3,4-dehydrotheaspirone (2), and their structures were elucidated by 2D NMR analysis. 3,4-Dehydrotheaspirone (2) showed potent antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum 3D7.
Alegre Castellanos Alvaro - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the value of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MR cholangiography for the detection of bile leaks after hepatobiliary surgery. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with symptoms suggestive of bile leak underwent conventional fat-suppressed T1- and T2-weighted MR cholangiography followed by Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR cholangiography using gradient-echo (GRE) T2-weighted sequences ...
Cevik Muazez - - 2012
PURPOSE: Anal fissure (AF) is a common perianal condition in children. Although adult patients with AF have been treated successfully using diltiazem, it has not been studied in children. The present randomized, prospective, double-blind study assessed the response, side effects, and recurrence of diltiazem. METHODS: Ninety-three children with AF were ...
T Björk - - 2012
Background: One of the goals in forensic psychiatric care is to reduce the risk of recidivism, but current knowledge about the general outcome of forensic psychiatric treatment is limited. Aims: To analyse the rate of criminal recidivism and mortality after discharge in a sample of patients sentenced to forensic psychiatric ...
Nieuwenhuijze Marianne - - 2012
Having choices and being involved in decision making contributes to women's positive childbirth experiences. During a physiological birth, women's preferences can play a leading role in the choice of birthing positions. In this study, we explored women's preferences with regard to birthing positions during second stage of labor, with a ...
Edgren Gustaf - - 2012
In this study we aimed to identify cancers where there is a consistent sex disparity, with the goal of identifying unexplained sex disparities that may offer promising opportunities for etiologic research. Age- and sex-specific cancer incidence data from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, provided by the International Agency for Research ...
Zheng Desen - - 2012
The characterization of Tn5 transposon insertional mutants of Agrobacterium vitis strain F2/5 revealed a gene encoding a predicted LysR-type transcriptional regulator, lhnR (for 'LysR-type regulator associated with HR and necrosis'), and an immediate upstream operon consisting of three open reading frames (lhnABC) required for swarming motility, surfactant production and the ...
Yılmaz Hakkı - - 2012
We report a 53-year-old Turkish female presented with progressive weakness and mild dyspnea. Laboratory results demonstrated severe hypokalemia with hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis. The urinary anion gap was positive in the presence of acidemia, thus she was diagnosed with hypokalemic paralysis from a severe distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA). Immunologic work-up ...
Guitera P - - 2012
Background  Paget's disease is an intraepidermal adenocarcinoma that is difficult to diagnose clinically as it mimics inflammatory or infectious diseases. As a consequence, it may be clinically misdiagnosed resulting in a delay in appropriate management. Reflectance confocal microscopy allows the visualization of the upper layers of the skin and mucosa ...
Izumi Hiroshi - - 2012
A novel heterotrophic, thermophilic bacterium, designated strain AC55(T), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney at the Hatoma Knoll in the Okinawa Trough, Japan. Cells of strain AC55(T) were non-motile, long rods (2.0- to 6.8-μm long and 0.3- to 0.6-μm wide). The strain was an obligatory anaerobic heterotroph capable ...
Conceição Luis E C - - 2012
Little research has been done in optimizing the nitrogenous fraction of the fish diets in order to minimize welfare problems. The purpose of this review is to give an overview on how amino acid (AA) metabolism may be affected when fish are under stress and the possible effects on fish ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2012
"Hypoplastic left heart syndrome" is an unsatisfactory term describing lethal underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV). It represents the more severe end of a spectrum of LV hypoplasia, mandating single-ventricle palliation or cardiac transplantation. Less severe "borderline" ventricular hypoplasia may instead allow various biventricular therapeutic strategies and better long-term outcomes. ...
de Melo-Martín Inmaculada - - 2012
The commercialization of academic science has come to be understood as economically desirable for institutions, individual researchers, and the public. Not surprisingly, commercial activity, particularly that which results from patenting, appears to be producing changes in the standards used to evaluate scientists' performance and contributions. In this context, concerns about ...
Almoguera B - - 2012
Risperidone non-compliance is often high due to undesirable side effects, whose development is in part genetically determined. Studies with genetic variants involved in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of risperidone have yielded inconsistent results. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the putative association of genetic markers with the ...
Yao Baojin - - 2012
Deer antlers are the only mammalian appendages capable of repeated rounds of regeneration. Every year, deer antlers are shed and regrown from blastema into large branched structures of cartilage and bone. Little is known about the genes involved in antler development particularly during the later stages of ossification. We have ...
Medeiros Maria Carla - - 2012
Selenium (Se) is an essential mineral for mammals. It is a nutrient related to the complex metabolic and enzymatic functions. Although Se has important physiological functions in the cells, organic compounds of Se can be extremely toxic, and may affect the central nervous system. This study aims to investigate the ...
Zhang Kun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This paper aims to study the vesicovaginal space local tissue reaction to type I and II polypropylene mesh in a rabbit model. METHODS: Different types of meshes were implanted into the rabbit vesicovaginal space. The animals were killed at days 7 and 60, and the initial implant and ...
Besada E - - 2012
This article reviews the characteristics and weaknesses of the rheumatoid factor (RF) assay compared with anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) testing in the work-up of patients with synovitis. This should lead physicians to change their ordering habits and replace RF by ACPA. For RA diagnosis, good clinical judgement based on clinical ...
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