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Flohil S C - - 2012
Background  Population-based basal cell carcinoma (BCC) incidences are based on cancer registry data; however, these only include histologically diagnosed tumours. Objectives  First, to investigate the number of subsequent non-histologically diagnosed BCC(s) in patients with a first histologically diagnosed BCC in 2004. Secondly, to observe differences in tumour characteristics between subsequent ...
Nabors Laura A - - 2012
Background. Schools are an important site for delivery of asthma education programs. Computer-based educational programs are a critical component of asthma education programs and may be a particularly important education method in busy school environments. Objective. The objective of this brief report is to review and critique computer-based education efforts ...
Ohtsu Hideki - - 2012
Successful control of photo-driven NAD(+)/NADH type hydrogenation reactions in ruthenium complexes has been accomplished by using a new NAD(+) model ligand with modulated distortion of the ligand taking advantage of the substituent effect.
Ones T - - 2012
PURPOSE: The relationship between the initial mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score and cerebral perfusion was evaluated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: In the study single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of the brains of 40 AD patients were compared with the brain scans of 10 healthy controls. ...
Oloriz María I - - 2012
Brown rust caused by the fungus Puccinia melanocephala is a major disease of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.). A sugarcane mutant, obtained by chemical mutagenesis of the susceptible variety B4362, showed a post-haustorial hypersensitive response (HR)-mediated resistance to the pathogen and was used to identify genes differentially expressed in response to P. ...
Alvarez-Suarez José M - - 2012
Several monofloral Cuban honeys were analyzed to determine their free radical-scavenging activity and from this the total antioxidant content was estimated. The protective effect against lipid peroxidation in an in vitro model of rat liver homogenates was evaluated and, lastly, the mineral content of the honeys, which can be related ...
Denofrio M Paula - - 2012
UV-A (320-400 nm) and UV-B (280-320 nm) radiation causes damage to DNA and other biomolecules through reactions induced by different endogenous or exogenous photosensitizers. Lumazines are heterocyclic compounds present in biological systems as biosynthetic precursors and/or products of metabolic degradation. The parent and unsubstituted compound called lumazine (pteridine-2,4(1,3H)-dione; Lum) is ...
Cocchi Marina - - 2012
Potentially bioactive fluorine-containing glasses of formula 46.2SiO(2)·24.3Na(2)O·(26.9-x)CaO·2.6P(2)O(5)·xCaF(2) [x = (0), 5, 10, 15] have been studied: the study was carried out as a function of fluorine percentage, dimensions and time of soaking in SBF. The results are compared to those obtained in the same conditions for Bioglass(®) 45S5. Due to the high number ...
Peuvrel L - - 2012
Background  Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are part of the therapeutic arsenal available for advanced cancer. However, they are frequently associated with cutaneous side-effects, which can hamper compliance, lead to treatment refusal and impair quality of life. Objective  To know the attitudes of French oncologists who deal with this ...
Ye Dan - - 2012
This research aimed to analyze the clinical data of various etiologies of hypertension in patients hospitalized in the Endocrinology Division. The differences between essential and secondary hypertension were examined to provide a basis for clinical differential diagnosis. The data from all the inpatients with hypertension of unknown origin admitted in ...
Ai Fei - - 2012
The objective of this study is to estimate the value of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the detection of abnormalities in sacroiliac joints in the patients with early ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and investigate the feasibility of whole-body DWI (WB-DWI) in systemic evaluation of AS. Sixteen patients with early AS, 18 patients ...
Park Su-Hyun - - 2012
We have previously characterized the constitutively active promoters of the APX, PGD1 and R1G1B genes in rice (Park et al. 2010 in J Exp Bot 61:2459-2467). To have potential crop biotechnology applications, gene promoters must be stably active over many generations. In our current study, we report our further detailed ...
Zanoli Laura Maria - - 2012
The use of droplet-based microfluidics and peptide nucleic acid molecular beacons for the detection of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA sequences within nanoliter-sized droplets is described in this work. The nanomolar-attomolar detection capabilities of the method were preliminarily tested by targeting two different single-stranded DNA sequences from the genetically modified ...
Fujioka Masayuki - - 2012
Highly adhesive glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimer induces platelet aggregation and leukocyte tethering or extravasation on the injured vascular wall, contributing to microvascular plugging and inflammation in brain ischemia-reperfusion. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 13 (ADAMTS13) cleaves the VWF multimer strand and reduces its prothrombotic and ...
David Charlotte C - - 2012
Venus is a recently developed, fast maturating, yellow fluorescent protein that has been used as a probe for in vivo applications. In the present work the photophysical characteristics of Venus were analyzed spectroscopically at the bulk and single molecule level. Through time-resolved single molecule measurements we found that single molecules ...
Rosi Pablo E - - 2012
A specially designed electronic nose was coupled to an air-lift bioreactor in order to perform on-line monitoring of released vapors. The sensor array was placed at the top of the bioreactor sensing the headspace in equilibrium with the evolving liquor at any time without the need of aspiration and pumping ...
Simões K - - 2012
The ultrastructure of the spermatozoa of the domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos sp.) was analysed by transmission and scanning electron microscopies and compared with the results obtained in preliminary studies involving other non-passerine birds. The spermatozoa were characterised by the presence of a short head, short midpiece and long principal piece. ...
Kabat Geoffrey C - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the associations of anthropometric factors and physical activity with risk of thyroid cancer in a large prospective study. METHODS: We examined these associations with risk of incident thyroid cancer in a cohort of 144,319 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative. Cox proportional hazards models were ...
Tamega A de A - - 2012
Background  Melasma is a common acquired chronic hypermelanosis of sun-exposed areas which significantly impacts quality of life. There are few epidemiological studies in medical literature concerning these patients. Objective  Characterize clinical and epidemiological data on Brazilian female patients with melasma. Methods  A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to melasma patients treated ...
Liu Fan - - 2012
To investigate the adrenal effect of a phytosterol (PS) additive, 80 male Japanese quail were divided into four sub-groups and fed 0, 40, 400, and 4,000 ppm of PS, respectively, for 21 days. Subsequently, 50% of the birds from each dosage group were subjected to a 6-day adrenal function test, whereby they ...
Zhang Chang-Ran - - 2012
Up to now, there have been few reports concerning changes in lupus activity and immune indices of tuberculosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). A retrospective investigation was given to survey the case data of SLE patients companied with tuberculosis that were treated in our hospital from 2001 to ...
Mukhopadhyay Chhanda - - 2012
"Three methylene spacer" bis(benzimidazolium) derivatives act as a new template for threading dibenzo-24-crown-8 into [2]pseudorotaxanes. In this Article we sought to unveil the difference in the extent of threading of various "three methylene spacer" bis-benzimidazolium moieties based on differences in aromatic methyl substituent positions and anions through the macrocycle dibenzo-24-crown-8. ...
Kabir Ahmad H - - 2012
Iron (Fe)-deficiency is a common abiotic stress in Pisum sativum L. grown in many parts of the world. The aim of the study was to investigate variation in tolerance to Fe deficiency in two pea genotypes, Santi (Fe-efficient) and Parafield (Fe-inefficient). Fe deficiency caused greater declines in chlorophyll score, leaf ...
Lehmann Claudia - - 2012
PURPOSE: The recommendation to screen for distress and supportive care needs among cancer patients focuses on improving the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of comprehensive cancer care. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the German version of the Short-Form Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34-G). METHODS: ...
Harambat Jérôme - - 2012
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA) crystalluria that can cause nephrolithiasis and chronic kidney disease. The aim of our study was to assess the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and outcome of APRT deficiency in a large pediatric cohort. All pediatric cases of APRT ...
Grochans Elżbieta - - 2012
Approximately 30% of a woman's life is spent in the postmenopausal period. This is when steroid hormone deficiency is often accompanied by mineral homeostasis perturbations and deficiencies that could be related to the intensity of any clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess how serum Mg and ...
Zimová Lucie - - 2012
The aim of this study was to develop a multiple-unit dosage system that released model drug into the colon, and also to evaluate the efficiency of the dosage form in human volunteers. The developed system combines pH-, time- and biodegradable polymer-based mechanisms for drug targeting to the colon. Pellet cores ...
Helmchen Hanfried - - 2012
This article describes ethical, legal and professional components of the two core requirements of clinical research: informed consent and risk-benefit relationships. It deals particularly with the ethically relevant reasons, criteria, procedures and validity of (1) the informed consent process, (2) the relationship between benefits and risks, and as a requirement ...
Yi Sang Wook - - 2012
Abstract Laparoscopy has been widely performed in adnexal surgery for benign masses. For large adnexal masses, laparoscopy has not been commonly used and laparotomy remains the gold standard due to several technical difficulties in the former, including a limited surgical field, risk of unintended cyst rupture during the insertion of ...
Salehi-Khojin Amin - - 2012
Polycrystalline graphene sensors are presented by Richard I. Masel and co-workers on page 53. The image shows polycrystalline graphene ribbon chemiresistors with gold contacts visualizing linear defects or wrinkles in the graphene. Floating or attached toluene molecules act as electron donors. Such defective graphene devices exhibit a higher chemical sensitivity ...
Young April M - - 2012
Background: Nonmedical prescription opioid use has emerged as a major public health concern. The growing burden of nonmedical prescription opioid use in America may have unique manifestations and consequences in rural areas, which to a large extent have yet to be explored. Objectives: To describe rural-urban differences among drug users ...
Sitek Patrycja - - 2012
Three dimensional scaffolds are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of cartilage defects. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and fibrinogen can be used potentially as a three dimensional cell delivery vehicle. PRP is a fraction of plasma containing high levels of growth factors such as PDGF, IGF-I and TGF-I, which stimulate chondrocyte ...
Preusser Matthias - - 2012
Brain metastases (BM) are common in cancer patients and are associated with high morbidity and poor prognosis, even after intensive multimodal therapy including resection, radiotherapy (stereotactic radiosurgery or whole brain radiotherapy) and chemotherapy. However, advances in the understanding of the pathobiology of BM and the development of molecular targeted agents ...
Kalra Pramila - - 2012
Hypovitaminosis D is common in India. In the present prospective partially randomised study of vitamin D (D3) supplementation during pregnancy, subjects were randomised in the second trimester to receive either one oral dose of 1500 μg vitamin D3 (group 1, n 48) or two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D3 each in ...
Pierce James R - - 2012
We present a case of an adolescent with lower gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a colorectal venous malformation (VM) with concomitant portal hypertension. After an episode of massive gastrointestinal bleeding, we performed an extended right hemicolectomy and resection of the VM and selective portosystemic shunt. Here, we present the case and ...
Sánchez-Mora Ruth Mélida - - 2012
The etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unknown. Mutations in several genes, including PINK1, have provided an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this pathology. We analyzed the role of PINK1 overexpression (wild-type PINK1 or PINK1 with G309D or L347P mutations) on neurotoxicity associated with C2-ceramide exposure in CAD cells. ...
Pan Yong - - 2012
The heats of formation (HOFs), electronic structures, energetic properties, and thermal stabilities of a series of energetic bridged di-1,3,5-triazine derivatives with different substituents and linkages were studied using density functional theory. It was found that the groups -N(3) and -N=N- are effective structural units for improving the HOF values of ...
Jensen Torbjørn Olshøj - - 2012
Clostridium pasteurianum can utilize glycerol as the sole carbon source for the production of butanol and 1,3-propanediol. Crude glycerol derived from biodiesel production has been shown to be toxic to the organism even in low concentrations. By examination of different pretreatments we found that storage combined with activated stone carbon ...
Diaz-Perez Julio A - - 2012
Rare congenital tumors can be localized in the peribulbar area. Here we report an unusual case presented in a 3-year-old child with a history of a congenital tumor in the lacrimal caruncle of the right eye, associated with epiphora and constant discomfort. A surgical resection was performed, and the final ...
Xie Xian Ning - - 2012
An entirely new class of membranes with superior polarization is presented by Xian Ning Xie and co-workers, on page 76. The polarization of such a membrane is up to a million times that of conventional polarizable materials and, in practice, the membrane is immediately applicable for energy storage and associated ...
Dobson John F - - 2012
We summarize the theory of van der Waals (dispersion) forces, with emphasis on recent microscopic approaches that permit the prediction of forces between solids and nanostructures right down to intimate contact and binding. Some connections are pointed out between microscopic theory and macroscopic Lifshitz theory.
Krogh-Madsen Mikkel - - 2012
PURPOSE: Interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics (PK) of cytarabine, etoposide, and daunorubicin following body surface area-adjusted doses calls for studies that point to other covariates to explain this variability. The purpose of this study was to investigate such relationships and give insights into the PK of this combination treatment. METHODS: ...
Matsuo Takashi - - 2012
An l-phenylalanyl chloromethylketone-based inhibitor equipped with a Hoveyda-Grubbs catalyst moiety was regioselectively incorporated into the cleft of α-chymotrypsin through the intrinsic inhibition mechanism of the protein to construct an artificial organometallic protein.
Ananko Grigory G - - 2012
We attempted to answer the following question: What evolutionary conditions are required to generate novel genetic modules? Our broad formulation of the problem allows us to simultaneously consider such issues as the relationship between the stage of "genetic search" and the rate of adaptive evolution; the theoretical limits to the ...
Kotanen Christian N - - 2012
Electrode-supported hydrogels were conferred with the biospecificity of enzymes during the process of electropolymerization to give rise to a class of bioactive, stimuli-responsive co-joined interpenetrating networks of inherently conductive polymers and highly hydrated hydrogels. Glucose responsive biotransducers were prepared by potentiostatic electropolymerization [750 mV vs. Ag/AgCl (3 M KCl)] of pyrrole at ...
Crossland Edward J W - - 2012
Macroscopic P3HT spherulitic crystals are grown in 25-nm-thick films via precise control of solvent swelling during polymer crystallization, which allow placement of transistor channels within single oriented crystal domains.Charge-transport anisotropy in the b-c (π-stacking & main chain) plane and the role of order-disorder grain boundaries are reported.
Popova S N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome belongs to the genetic prion diseases being associated with mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP). The most common is the point mutation at codon 102, leading to the substitution of proline to leucine (P102L). Previous reports have indicated a phenotypic heterogeneity among individuals with this mutation. ...
Efrati Shai - - 2012
Many of the complications related to prolonged ventilation are related to inappropriate handling of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff. This article reviews the possible complications associated with the ETT cuff, and the landmark development made in that field. The article challenges the present paradigm of cuff use and reviews the current ...
McGowan Alan H - - 2012
The teaching of the ethical implications of scientific advances in science courses for undergraduates has significant advantages for both science and non-science majors. The article describes three courses taught by the author as examples of the concept, and examines the disadvantages as well as the advantages. A significant advantage of ...
Rosenblit Paul D - - 2012
Combination fibrate-statin therapy favorably modifies the atherogenic, triglyceride-rich lipoprotein environment, common to insulin resistance, diabetes, and higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Five major fibrate randomized clinical trial (RCT) results (HHS, VA-HIT, BIP, FIELD, and ACCORD-Lipid) demonstrated four consistent features: 1) the highest CVD event rates occurred in the placebo subgroups ...
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