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Salghi R - - 2012
Eight pesticide residues in tomato samples collected in the area of Souss Massa Valley (Southern Morocco) were analyzed. The detected residue levels ranged from 0.001 to 0.400 mg kg(-1) for dicofol, from 0.003 to 0.170 mg kg(-1) for procymidone, from 0.001 to 0.250 mg kg(-1) for chlorothalonil, from 0.050 to 0.500 mg kg(-1) for bifenthrin, from 0.001 to ...
Deutschman Clifford S - - 2012
Background Research in critical care extends from the bench to the bedside, involving multiple departments, specialties, and funding organizations. Because of this diversity, it has been difficult for all stakeholders to collectively identify challenges and establish priorities. Objective To define a comprehensive agenda for critical care research using input from ...
Siebers Albertus G - - 2012
Recent randomized controlled trials have shown a significant decrease in unsatisfactory rates for liquid-based cytology (LBC) compared with conventional Papanicolaou test (CP). The underlying causes and relevance of unsatisfactory results for LBC and CP have never been compared within the setting of a randomized controlled trial. To examine differences in ...
Musahl Volker - - 2012
The use of several different maneuvers for the pivot shift test has resulted in inconsistent quantitative measurements. The purpose of this study was to describe, analyze, and group several surgeon-specific techniques for the pivot shift test and to propose a standardized pivot shift test. Twelve expert surgeons examined a whole ...
Deo Randhir P - - 2012
Accidental release of plutonium (Pu) from storage facilities in the subsurface environment is a concern for the safety of human beings and the environment. Given the complexity of the subsurface environment and multivalent state of Pu, we developed a quantitative biogeochemical framework for bioremediation of Pu(V)O(2) (+) in the subsurface ...
O'Donnell Michael P - - 2012
Abstract The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced $1.01 billion in funding opportunities for health promotion in fiscal year 2011 and selected winners for the first phase of these programs. These included $100 million over 5 years for 10 state Medicaid programs to develop incentive-based strategies, $900 million for ...
Idowu Michael O - - 2012
Correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings is important for optimal management of patients with image-guided breast biopsies. To (1) evaluate the rates of radiologic and pathologic correlation in breast needle core biopsies, (2) evaluate laboratory and radiology practices associated with greater correlation rates, and (3) determine the rates at which ...
Gupta Sunil K - - 2012
Penetrating injury through the orbit with a retained intracranial wooden foreign body is rare. The authors report the case of a child with a juxtapontine brain abscess secondary to a retained foreign body. The pitfalls in diagnosis and the surgical management for removal of the wooden fragment and drainage of ...
Caetano-Anollés Gustavo - - 2012
The complexity of modern biochemistry developed gradually on early Earth as new molecules and structures populated the emerging cellular systems. Here, we generate a historical account of the gradual discovery of primordial proteins, cofactors, and molecular functions using phylogenomic information in the sequence of 420 genomes. We focus on structural ...
Huergo Luciano F - - 2012
The fixation of atmospheric nitrogen by the prokaryotic enzyme nitrogenase is an energy- expensive process and consequently it is tightly regulated at a variety of levels. In many diazotrophs this includes post-translational regulation of the enzyme's activity, which has been reported in both bacteria and archaea. The best understood response ...
Jadali Zohreh - - 2012
The skin could be a main target organ for extrahepatic manifestations in hepatitis C virus- (HCV) infected patients and research data suggest that interferon treatment may be associated with immune-mediated skin lesions. However, case reports propose that the response of dermatologic extrahepatic manifestations to interferon in patients with chronic HCV ...
Gu Jijie - - 2012
Bispecific antibodies may be used to improve clinical efficacy by targeting two disease mechanisms for the treatment of complex human diseases in a single agent. Bispecific antibodies also hold promise for certain therapeutic applications difficult to achieve by single-targeting monospecific antibodies, such as immune (T cell or NK) cell retargeting, ...
Ding Ding - - 2012
Abstract Purpose . To (1) assess the reliability of the newly developed Fears of Stranger Danger (FSD) scale, (2) examine measurement invariance and identify demographic variation in FSD, and (3) examine associations of FSD with physical activity, screen time, and body mass index (BMI) z score. Design . Cross-sectional survey ...
Monarca C - - 2012
The goals of reconstructing deformities of the face secondary to skin cancer include reconstructing the area with similar tissue. The comparison between different types of local flaps for reconstruction of nasal ala is presented in a prospective, randomized study. The objective of this study was to compare the functional and ...
Kolli Kranthi K - - 2012
Decisions based on invasive functional diagnostic measurements are often made in the setting of fluctuating hemodynamic variables that may alter resting or hyperemic measurements. The purpose of this investigation is to analyze the effect of myocardial contractility (CY) on invasive functional parameters. We hypothesize that the pressure drop coefficient (CDPe; ...
Molina Camilo - - 2012
Object Translaminar screws (TLSs) were originally described as a safer alternative to pedicle and transarticular screw placement at C-2 in adult patients. More recently, TLSs have been used in both the cervical and thoracic spine of pediatric patients as a primary fixation technique and as a bailout procedure when dysplastic ...
Bassani Luigi - - 2012
Object Techniques for the placement of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) systems have been described in detail, with special consideration given to complications from hardware placement. Risks including catheter kinking and migration, hardware erosion through the skin, and lumbar CSF leak are elevated given the often-low body mass index and poor nutritional ...
Siavoshi Farideh - - 2012
Non-antifungal drugs appear promising in treatment of opportunistic infections of Candida spp. that are often resistant to current antifungals. The broth macrodilution method (NCCLS M27-P document) was used to compare the antifungal activity of trifluoperazine, propranolol, and lansoprazole with that of ketoconazole and amphotericin B, using 50 yeast isolates from ...
Viita Helena - - 2012
Previous studies suggest either an anti- or pro-apoptotic role for 15-lipoxygenase-1 in carcinogenesis. We used adenovirus gene transfer of human 15-lipoxygenase-1 to characterize its effects in vitro and in vivo. 15-Lipoxygenase-1 expression in mouse macrophages resulted in a significant, 25-fold, induction in the production of the specific 15-lipoxygenase-1 product 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic ...
Dalfino John C - - 2012
Object The optimal management of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the setting of acute, non-shunt related abdominal and pelvic infections is unknown. In the literature, distal shunt catheter reimplantation with or without a variable period of externalization has been recommended to prevent ascending ventriculitis. While this strategy is effective, there is ...
Hehnly Heidi - - 2012
Cell polarity is important for a number of processes, from chemotaxis to embryogenesis. Recent studies suggest a new role for polarity in the orchestration of events during the final cell separation step of cell division called abscission. Abscission shares several features with cell polarization, including rearrangement of phosphatidylinositols, reorganization of ...
La Spina P - - 2012
Although the association between PFO and cryptogenic stroke is well shown in young adults, the causality is still unclear. The pathogenetic mechanism of ischemic stroke related to PFO is not entirely understood. Indeed, besides the well-known paradoxical embolism, formations of thrombi in situ, especially in the presence of ASA, a ...
Ruiz Mariângela Torreglosa - - 2012
The KiSS-1 metastasis-suppressor gene (KiSS-1) product (metastin, kisspeptin) is reported to act after binding with the natural ligand of a G-protein coupled receptor and this gene product inhibits chemotaxis, invasion, and metastasis of cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Q36R polymorphism of KiSS-1 in patients with ...
Than Martin P - - 2012
Abstract A new keratin-based hydrogel wound dressing was applied to the neck of a patient who suffers from Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa. A significant improvement was observed in the robustness of skin in this area: less propensity to blister and improved healing of blisters. The improvement allowed the cessation of ...
Maharlouei Najmeh - - 2012
The high rate of maternal mortality (MM) remains a challenge, especially in developing countries. In 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) targeted a 75% reduction by the end of 2015. In this survey, we determine trends in MM rates and associated factors in Fars Province, southwestern Iran. All MM in ...
Elizalde Javier - - 2012
We report the case of a 63-year-old woman with Takayasu's arteritis who experienced progressive visual loss in her right eye (RE) over several months. Visual acuity was 0.4 in the RE, which showed marked retinal arteriovenous dilation and highly irregular arteriolar calibre. She had no light perception in the left ...
Askary Sary Abolfazl - - 2012
Research was performed to investigate the concentration of mercury in muscle and liver of fish species from freshwater (Barbus xanthopterus, Barbus grypus, Liza abu) and saltwater (Cynoglossus arel, Periophthalmus waltoni, Otolithes ruber) in Khouzestan, Iran. In freshwater fish, muscle was polluted in comparison with liver except for Barbus xanthopterus which ...
Ashida Sato - - 2012
To evaluate whether influence from social network members is associated with motivation to change dietary and physical activity behaviors. Baseline assessment followed by mailing of family health history-based personalized messages (2 weeks) and follow-up assessment (3 months). Families from an ongoing population-based cohort in Houston, Texas. 475 adults from 161 ...
Min Kang-Woo - - 2012
Non-random simple chromosomal aberrations in various malignancies provide important insights into the molecular pathogenesis of human cancer. Although extensive data exist on recurring chromosomal abnormalities in hematological cancer, data on individual solid tumor types remain limited. Here we present the case of a patient with ovarian cancer with a specific ...
Golwala Harsh - - 2012
Percutaneous treatment of saphenous vein graft disease is hampered by high rates of periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI). The use of embolic protection devices (EPD) during these interventions is a class IB recommendation when technically feasible, yet they are used routinely in less than half of all cases. Our aim was ...
Wang Li - - 2012
Ferritin is a ubiquitous and conserved iron storage protein that plays a central role in iron metabolism. The ferritin heavy chain subunit (FerH) homolog was isolated from yellow grouper (Epinephelus awoara) spleen using suppression subtractive hybridization and RACE-PCR. The nucleotide sequence of FerH full-length cDNA was 1173 bp and contained an ...
Silver Diana - - 2012
Abstract Purpose . Explore the importance of residential mobility and use of services outside neighborhoods when interventions targeting low-income families are planned and implemented. Design . Analysis of cross-sectional telephone household survey data on childhood mobility and school enrollment in four large distressed cities. Setting . Baltimore, Maryland; Detroit, Michigan; ...
Dalezis P - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the neoadjuvant use of the dexamethasone (DEX) plus octreotide (OCT) regimen can improve the direct anticancer effects of docetaxel (DOC) in the TRAMP-C1 prostate cancer model. TRAMP-C1 cells were first characterized for the expression of SSTR1-5 and then were inoculated onto ...
Kristensen Pål - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We prospectively studied parental mental health after suddenly losing a son in a military training accident. Parents (N = 32) were interviewed at 1, 2 and 23 years after the death of their son. The General Health Questionnaire and Expanded Texas Inventory of Grief were self-reported at 1, 2, ...
Gröne Eva - - 2012
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) has become a widely used method to evaluate different submodalities of the somatic sensory system (predominantly) in patients with neuropathic pain. QST consists of 7 tests measuring 13 parameters in order to assess and quantify the perception of temperature, touch, pain, pressure, and vibration. The German ...
Li Zengyong - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on lumbar muscle oxygenation oscillations in healthy men based on the wavelet transform of near-infrared spectroscopy signals. Twelve healthy participants were exposed to WBV at frequencies of 3, 4.5 and 6 Hz while muscle oxygenation signal was ...
Holena Daniel N - - 2012
A comatose 23-year-old woman with acute liver failure due to an overdose of acetaminophen had indications of intracranial hypertension and underwent liver transplantation. Her level of arousal did not improve, and on postoperative day 1, clinical signs of cerebral herniation became apparent. An intracranial pressure monitor was placed, and intracranial ...
Duran A - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Cost-analysis comparing darbepoetin-alfa (DARB), epoetin-alfa (EPO-A) and epoetin-beta (EPO-B) for treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia in Belgium concluded that costs for DARB-treated patients were significantly lower than costs for EPO-A- or EPO-B treated patients. The objective of the present study was to extend the Belgian analysis to Austria, France, ...
Potapov Evgenij - - 2012
During biventricular assist device (BVAD) support, right ventricular (RV) assistance may restore sufficient RV function after several weeks to months. Since November 2009, 10 patients (9 men and 1 woman; mean age, 49.7 ± 14.4 y) suffering from idiopathic dilatative cardiomyopathy received BVAD employing two implantable continuous-flow pumps of the ...
Shakked Rachel J - - 2012
Context.-Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare, high-grade malignancy of bone or soft tissue with a unique, biphasic histology and poor prognosis. Because of its rarity and variable length of disease-free survival, the natural history of the disease remains poorly understood. Objective.-To present clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma from ...
Tang Zhiwei - - 2012
The primary intracranial endodermal sinus tumor (EST) is regarded as a rare histological subtype that is often associated with components of other germ cell tumors, and there are no reports on the onset of intracranial ESTs after growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy. The authors report an extremely rare case of ...
Brown P - - 2012
For the first time a series of anionic surfactant ionic liquids (SAILs) have been synthesized based on organic surfactant anions and 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium cations. These compounds are more environmentally friendly and chemically tuneable as compared to other common ionic liquids. A detailed investigation of physico-chemical properties highlights potential applications from battery ...
Wilhelmi Mathias H - - 2012
Ovine animal models are widely used to conduct preclinical studies, e.g., to evaluate cardiovascular prostheses intended to be applied in man. However, although analyzed in many of those studies, information about ovine blood reference values is scanty. The aim of this study is to establish a reference list of ovine ...
Burns Suzanne M - - 2012
Background The Burns Wean Assessment Program (BWAP) assessment checklist is designed to assist clinicians in the systematic evaluation of 26 clinical factors important to weaning. The authors recently described the relationship of the BWAP score (derived from the checklist) to weaning trial outcomes (weaning success or failure) in patients receiving ...
Kruger Tina M TM Department of Applied Health Sciences, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47807, USA. - - 2012
Despite the well-established benefits of physical activity (PA), most Americans, especially those in rural, traditionally underserved areas, engage in considerably less PA than recommended. This study examines perceived barriers to and facilitators of PA and promising organized PA programs among rural Appalachians. Eight focus groups and seven group key informant ...
Willenbrock S - - 2012
Background/Aim: Administration of stem cells is a promising novel approach for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. For in vivo monitoring of transplanted cells, non-invasive imaging modalities are needed. In this study we determined the tracking efficiency of a superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labelled canine cell line (MTH53A) in vitro as well as ...
Swift Dale - - 2012
Hydrocephalus in patients with achondroplasia is thought to be due to increased dural sinus venous pressure resulting from narrowing of the jugular foramen. In this setting, where hydrocephalus is presumed to be "vascular" in origin and therefore communicating, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) would seem contraindicated. The authors describe 3 patients ...
Morrow Janet R - - 2012
Luminescent lanthanide (Ln(III)) ions are valuable spectroscopic probes for metal ion binding sites in nucleic acids. In this chapter, we briefly review Ln(III) luminescence and the information available from these experiments. An emphasis is placed on direct excitation Eu(III) spectroscopy as a tool. Eu(III) excitation spectroscopy is used to show ...
Juhász Krisztina - - 2012
7,12-Dimethylbenz(α)anthracene (DMBA) is a carcinogen capable of inducing various types of tumors. We investigated the effect of DMBA on micro-RNA expression in CBA/CA H2(k) inbred mice after 24 hours and one week from exposure. Expression levels of miR-21, miR-146a and let-7a were significantly higher in the vital organs of the ...
Weiss Sandra A - - 2012
Percutaneous ventricular assist devices are increasingly used today, allowing the scope of left ventricular support to move out of the operating room and into the interventional suite and cardiovascular care unit. This has given patients requiring short-term therapy an opportunity to undergo high-risk procedures and provide a failing left ventricular ...
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