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Ramakrishnan V - - 2012
The dynamics of a protein plays an important role in protein functionality. Here, we examine the differences in the dynamics of a minimally restructuring protein, EcoRI, when it is bound to its cognate DNA and to a noncognate sequence which differs by just a single basepair. Molecular dynamics simulations of ...
Hoenselaar Robert - - 2012
Given the large social impact of dietary advice, it is important that the advice have a solid scientific basis. Evidence-based dietary advice should be built on results from all studies available, according to a given methodology. Conclusions should be a valid representation of the summarized results. The association between saturated ...
Vance David E - - 2012
One aspect of successful aging is maintaining cognitive functioning, which includes both subjective cognitive functioning and objective cognitive functioning even in lieu of subtle cognitive deficits that occur with normal, nonpathological aging. Age-related cognitive deficits emerge across several domains including attention, memory, language, speed of processing, executive, and psychomotor, just ...
Lionetto Luana - - 2012
Antiepileptic drug therapeutic regimens often need to be adjusted individually on the basis of serum assays. We aimed to develop a quantitative, fast, and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method to simultaneously analyze carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and the 10-11 epoxide carbamazepine and 10-hydroxy carbazepine (mono-hydroxy derivative, 10,11-Dihydro-10-hydroxycarbamazepine) metabolites, in human serum. ...
Wilderman P Ross PR Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0703, USA. - - 2012
In the past three years, major advances in understanding cytochrome P450 2B (CYP2B) structure-function relationships have been made through determination of multiple ligand-bound and one ligand-free X-ray crystal structure of CYP2B4 and one ligand-bound X-ray crystal structure of CYP2B6. These structures have provided insight into the features that provide the ...
Shaughnessy Marianne M University of Maryland Baltimore School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Stroke survivors are at high risk for cardiovascular mortality which can be in part mitigated by increasing physical activity. Self-efficacy for exercise is known to play a role in adoption of exercise behaviors. This study examines self-reported psychological outcomes in a group of 64 stroke survivors randomized to either a ...
Zhuang Zhihao - - 2012
The 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA (4-HB-CoA) thioesterase from Pseudomonas sp. strain CBS3 catalyzes the final step of the 4-chlorobenzoate degradation pathway, which is the hydrolysis of 4-HB-CoA to coenzyme A (CoA) and 4-hydroxybenzoate (4-HB). In previous work, X-ray structural analysis of the substrate-bound thioesterase provided evidence of the role of an active site ...
Mayer Richard B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The increased use of assisted reproduction techniques has been accompanied by an increase in ectopic pregnancies with unusual location being associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. This article reports on seven cases of ectopic pregnancies with unusual location and an angular pregnancy. Diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are discussed ...
Iori Anna Paola - - 2012
To assess the effectiveness of the search for an unrelated donor on the outcome of patients with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, we analyzed prospectively 136 patients who underwent a search for cord blood (CB) and an unrelated volunteer donor (UD) at the same time. The probability of finding a donor ...
Puchner Antonia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation of joints with cartilage and bone destruction leading to progressive disability. While the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known and the disease cannot be cured, conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologicals are effective treatments for many patients. ...
Arruti Axel - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels in PM(10) and PM(2.5), at one rural and three urban sites in the Cantabria region (northern Spain). From all of these pollutants, benzo(a)pyrene is regulated by the EU air quality directives; ...
Gillespie Ulrika - - 2012
Background Clinical pharmacy in a hospital setting is relatively new in Sweden. Its recent introduction at the University Hospital in Uppsala has provided an opportunity for evaluation by other relevant professionals of the integration of clinical pharmacists into the health-care team. Objectives The objectives of this descriptive study were to ...
Blasel Stella - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There are hints for changes in phospholipid membrane metabolism and structure in the brain of adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) using either proton ((1)H) or phosphorus ((31)P) magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). We aimed to specify these pathological metabolite changes by combining both methods with additional focus on the ...
Stawarczyk Bogna B Clinic of Fixed and Removal Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, Zurich 8032, Switzerland. - - 2012
This study tested the fracture load of milled and conventionally fabricated polymeric and glass-ceramic three-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after aging. FDPs were fabricated (N = 1,050) from four computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) resins: (1) AT (artBlock Temp); (2) TC (Telio CAD); (3) ZP (ZENO PMMA); (4) CT (CAD-Temp); two ...
Youinou Pierre - - 2012
T cells have originally occupied central stage of the debate on the type of lymphocytes governing the pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). However, B cells has since been substituted for T cells, and insights into their functions have revealed that they accomplish various tasks. Beyond the paradigm that T lymphocytes ...
Vismari Luciana - - 2012
Antidepressants are reported to display anti-inflammatory effects. Nitric oxide (NO), in turn, has a key role in inflammation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of amitriptyline co-administered with L-NAME (a NO synthase inhibitor) on certain parameters of acute inflammatory response in rats, as a form ...
Khan Saifur Rahman - - 2012
Gene therapy concept has been being overcome massive challenges from 1972 in ethical, socio-economical and developmental issues. In this review, we have attempted to go through almost all the arenas and described in a methodical way that reflects not only the initial ethical and scientific thoughts but also adorned a ...
Dantec Christelle Le - - 2012
There is growing evidence that epigenetics, the study of heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve mutations in the DNA itself, may play an essential role in autoimmune diseases (AID). In Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a chronic AID characterized by an epithelis of the exocrine glands, epigenetic studies have ...
Chou Chia Chi - - 2012
Objective. The sensitivity and specificity of the Chinese versions of the Hypomania Symptom Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) for detecting bipolar disorder in Taiwan were explored in this study. Methods In total, 59 participants who were initially diagnosed with unipolar depression were recruited from an outpatient clinic and ...
Taravati Ali - - 2012
Sulfur mustard, a chemical warfare agent, has short- and long-term effects on various organs including respiratory system. Its late toxic effects on biological macromolecules among exposed veterans have not been well studied. We performed a study to determine paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and phenotype distribution as well as its correlation with ...
Vissink Arjan - - 2012
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of exocrine glands. SS particularly affects the lacrimal and salivary glands. Dry mouth and dry eyes are frequently proffered as presenting symptoms, but non-specific symptoms such as malaise and fatigue, and extraglandular manifestations like purpura, polyneuropathy and arthritis are also often present. ...
Yua Tingsheng - - 2012
Gene synthesis is an emerging field which has widespread implications in synthetic biology and molecular biology. The field is constantly evolving which has led to key advances in oligonucleotide synthesis and gene synthesis technologies, with simplicity, cost effectiveness and high throughput. The miniaturization, multiplexing, microfluidic processing and the integrated microchip ...
Suresh Padmanaban S - - 2012
Total and differential leucocyte count (TLC and DLC) in blood circulation influence humoral immune response and stress alters TLC and DLC by leucocyte misdistribution. Chlordiazepoxide, a widely used benzodiazepine anti-stress agent, is reported to reverse suppression of antibody response induced by acute stress but not by chronic stress. The effect ...
Neumann Katrin - - 2012
Objective: To assess speech perception in children, speech audiometric sentence tests are generally better suited than single word tests because of their steeper discrimination function and thus higher sensitivity. A disadvantage of older German single word speech audiometric tests for children is their inapplicability in quiet and in noise. Moreover, ...
Nordmark Gunnel - - 2012
Patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) have an activated type I interferon (IFN) system that contribute to the etiopathogenesis and clinical manifestations of the disease. The type I IFN system consists of the stimuli for type I IFN production, the receptors, cells and transcription factors involved in the synthesis of ...
Correale Mario - - 2012
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the polypeptide hormone produced by the parathyroid glands, which plays a central role in calcium homeostasis. Circulating PTH must be measured regularly in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) to monitor and to adapt treatment with the aim of maintaining PTH levels ...
Comanescu Maria - - 2012
Histopathological diagnosis using Formalin-Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) tissues is essential for the prognostic and therapeutic management of cancer patients. Pathologists are being confronted with increasing demands, from both clinicians and patients, to provide immunophenotypic and gene expression data from FFPE tissues to allow the planning of personalized therapeutic regimens. Recent ...
Gottenberg Jacques-Eric - - 2012
Many important clinical questions concerning primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) remains, that can only be adequately addressed by prospective cohorts. Thus, a better knowledge of the clinical outcome, the course of disease activity and the risk factors of lymphoma requires the setting up of cohorts with biobanks. The homogeneous collection of ...
Chung Ill-Min - - 2012
The seeds of the Coriandrum sativum were extracted and the essential oil composition and immunotoxicity effects were studied. The analysis of the essential oil was conducted by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy, which revealed 33 components, representing 99.99% of the total oil from the seeds of coriander. The major components are linalool ...
Smith Peter M - - 2012
Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune condition centred around salivary gland dysfunction and atrophy. There are a plethora of antibodies that mark the decline of the salivary glands, most of which relate to apoptopic mediated destruction of acinar cells. The best known of these autoantibodies, anti-Ro and anti-La form part ...
Kauppi Juha T - - 2012
([18F])fluorodeoxyglycose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computer Tomography (([18F])FDG-PET/CT) is commonly used in staging of locally advanced esophageal cancer. Its predictive value for response to neoadjuvant therapy and survival after multimodality therapy is controversial. Sixty-six consecutive patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction underwent surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Staging was ...
Castelli Roberto - - 2012
Several neurological complications have been associated with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), and demyelinating disorders have been estimated to affect the 0.02-0.20% of treated patients. Alemtuzumab is a humanized chimeric mAbthat targets the CD52 antigen, it is currently approved for relapsed/refractory and high-risk untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The ...
Salmi Heli H University of Helsinki, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2012
This study was undertaken to investigate thiol metabolism as a marker of oxidative stress and antioxidative defence capacity in a cohort of children with biochemically and/or genetically confirmed mitochondrial disease. Previous studies suggest that lower glutathione levels, which have been shown to further compromise mitochondrial function, may occur in these ...
Wallander Michelle L - - 2012
Context.- MDM2 is known to be abnormally upregulated in a variety of human neoplasms, secondary to gene amplification. Assessment of MDM2 amplification is most useful clinically for separating lipomas (nonamplified) from atypical lipomatous neoplasms or well-differentiated liposarcomas (amplified). MDM2 amplification occurs in approximately 7% of all human neoplasms. In this ...
Aarnio Markku T - - 2012
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection reportedly is detectable in the gastrointestinal mucosa of patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease. One view is that CMV infection is of clinical significance in patients with Crohn's disease with severe colitis not responding to steroid therapy. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of CMV infection ...
Ludeman Daniel J - - 2012
The Impella LP 2.5 left ventricular assist device (Abiomed) is safe and effective for assisting high-risk percutaneous interventions. A 77-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, severe coronary artery disease, an ejection fraction of 20%, severe peripheral vascular disease, and other comorbidities presented to a private, tertiary referral hospital with shortness ...
Chitiva Harvey - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The treatment of major depressive disorder continues to be challenging in many cases. The high nonresponse rates as well as the poor tolerability of some antidepressants often prompt patients to seek other forms of treatment. S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is one of the most popular over-the-counter antidepressants currently sold in the ...
Frommholz David - - 2012
It is well established that arthritis depresses locomotion in humans as well as in animal disease models. The K/BxN mouse model resembles rheumatoid arthritis and is widely used for research. Here, we investigate the behavioral alterations of arthritic K/BxN mice during arthritis development with respect to horizontal locomotion. Locomotor activity ...
Krämer Roland - - 2012
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a non-cyclic pseudopeptide-nucleic acid structural mimic with promising applications within diagnostics and drug discovery. This review focuses on metal complex derivatives of PNA. Metal ions and their complexes display unique physical and chemical properties and offer the opportunity to introduce new labels and probes for ...
Gesin Gail - - 2012
The impact of using a validated delirium screening tool and different levels of education on surgical-trauma intensive care unit (STICU) nurses' knowledge about delirium is unclear. To measure the impact of using the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC), with or without a multi-faceted education program, on STICU nurses' knowledge ...
Ekinci Okan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Patients with deficit schizophrenia have worse cognition and poorer social functioning compared with those with nondeficit schizophrenia. Insight is another domain in which these two groups might differ. However, there is no literature data specifically on cognitive insight impairment in deficit versus nondeficit schizophrenia. We compared 40 patients with ...
Kurusz Mark - - 2012
A landmark case in the history of cardiac surgery was the first successful use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in May 1953 by Dr. John H. Gibbon, Jr. The operation was closure of an atrial septal defect, but there were complications in the conduct of CPB that nearly led to a ...
McKee Patricia A - - 2012
Abstract Purpose To learn how the local context may affect a city's ability to regulate alcohol products such as high-alcohol-content malt liquor, a beverage associated with heavy drinking and a spectrum of nuisance crimes in urban areas. Approach An exploratory, qualitative case study comparing cities that adopted policies to restrict ...
Jennings Lawrence J - - 2012
Context.-Monitoring minimal residual disease by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction has proven clinically useful, but as yet there are no Food and Drug Administration-approved tests. Guidelines have been published that provide important information on validation of such tests; however, no practical examples have previously been published. Objective.-To provide an ...
Getoff Nikola - - 2012
Dopamine (DA) in airfree, aqueous solution (pH 7.4; 37°C) is able to emit e(-)(aq) when electronically excited in its singlet state by monochromatic UV light (λ=254 nm; 4.85 eV/hν). The quantum yield Q(e(-)(aq)), was studied in dependence of DA concentration and pH of the media. The DA transients resulting from ...
Chivandi Eliton - - 2012
Animal-derived oils and purified fatty acids, but not indigenous fruit-tree-derived seed oils, have been used to study cell growth and differentiation. In this study, we determined the effects of the Kigelia africana, the Mimusops zeyheri and the Ximenia caffra seed-oil on cell proliferation in culture. Human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) and ...
Kume Teruyoshi - - 2012
There has been no detailed intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis to evaluate the degree to which stent underexpansion or reference vessel/stent size mismatch contributes to the occurrence of post-procedural incomplete stent apposition (post-ISA). We evaluated 238 lesions treated with everolimus-eluting stents (n = 110) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (n = 128). Reference ...
Makhinson Michael - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The evolution of medical research has vaulted randomized clinical trials to the status of current gold standard of clinical evidence. In parallel, the evolution of the science of decision-making has revealed human beings' universal tendency to make biased judgments and systematic errors in their evaluation of information and choices. ...
Hammond Robert L - - 2012
Permanently implantable hemodynamic monitors show great promise in providing personalized and cost-efficient care to heart failure patients by providing timely intracardiac pressure data under ambulatory conditions. The data may be used to titrate maintenance therapies and to monitor health status so that more intensive interventions can be planned and performed ...
Kushiro Kyoko - - 2012
Every year, approximately 68,000 new cases of malignant melanoma are diagnosed in the US. Ethanol consumption inhibits metastasis of melanoma in mice, but the mechanism is not well understood. C57BL/6J ob/+ mice, given either water or 20% ethanol, were injected intravenously with B16-BL6 melanoma cells to determine pulmonary metastasis. The ...
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