Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2504
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Appelbaum Michelle Gellman - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This phenomenological study examined the experience of being the father of a child with severe cerebral palsy (CP). Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Two interviews were conducted with 6 English-speaking, biological fathers whose children with CP (ages 5-27 years) were enrolled in a residential and day school in ...
Thangapandian S - - 2012
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are key regulators of gene expression and thereby compelling targets in the treatment of various cancers. Class- and isoform-selective HDAC inhibitors targeting the particular isoform to treat cancers without affecting the normal expression of other isoforms are highly desirable. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed with the set ...
Hartl M J - - 2012
Random spin labeling (RSL) is a method for rapid mapping of biomolecular interaction surfaces using an interaction partner with SL and an interaction partner enriched in (13)C or (15)N nuclei for paramagnetic relaxation enhanced NMR-based detection. The SL reaction is conducted in a manner resulting in a heterogeneous reaction product ...
Saban Karen L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Despite the prevalence of women caring for stroke survivors, relatively little research has focused specifically on the experience and needs of informal female caregivers of stroke survivors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the experience of female caregivers who care for an adult family member who ...
Wilderman P Ross PR Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0703, USA. - - 2012
In the past three years, major advances in understanding cytochrome P450 2B (CYP2B) structure-function relationships have been made through determination of multiple ligand-bound and one ligand-free X-ray crystal structure of CYP2B4 and one ligand-bound X-ray crystal structure of CYP2B6. These structures have provided insight into the features that provide the ...
Ahmad A - - 2012
Heavy metals have been implicated as the causative agents for the pathogenesis of the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the toxic effects of metals ranging from metal-induced oxidation of protein to metal-induced changes in the protein conformation. Aggregation of a-synuclein is implicated in Parkinson's ...
Zhuang Zhihao Z Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, United - - 2012
The 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA (4-HB-CoA) thioesterase from Pseudomonas sp. strain CBS3 catalyzes the final step of the 4-chlorobenzoate degradation pathway, which is the hydrolysis of 4-HB-CoA to coenzyme A (CoA) and 4-hydroxybenzoate (4-HB). In previous work, X-ray structural analysis of the substrate-bound thioesterase provided evidence of the role of an active site ...
Mayer Richard B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The increased use of assisted reproduction techniques has been accompanied by an increase in ectopic pregnancies with unusual location being associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. This article reports on seven cases of ectopic pregnancies with unusual location and an angular pregnancy. Diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are discussed ...
Puchner Antonia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation of joints with cartilage and bone destruction leading to progressive disability. While the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known and the disease cannot be cured, conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologicals are effective treatments for many patients. ...
Stawarczyk Bogna B Clinic of Fixed and Removal Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, Zurich 8032, Switzerland. - - 2012
This study tested the fracture load of milled and conventionally fabricated polymeric and glass-ceramic three-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after aging. FDPs were fabricated (N = 1,050) from four computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) resins: (1) AT (artBlock Temp); (2) TC (Telio CAD); (3) ZP (ZENO PMMA); (4) CT (CAD-Temp); two ...
Gillespie Ulrika - - 2012
Background Clinical pharmacy in a hospital setting is relatively new in Sweden. Its recent introduction at the University Hospital in Uppsala has provided an opportunity for evaluation by other relevant professionals of the integration of clinical pharmacists into the health-care team. Objectives The objectives of this descriptive study were to ...
Blasel Stella - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There are hints for changes in phospholipid membrane metabolism and structure in the brain of adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) using either proton ((1)H) or phosphorus ((31)P) magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). We aimed to specify these pathological metabolite changes by combining both methods with additional focus on the ...
Arruti Axel - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels in PM(10) and PM(2.5), at one rural and three urban sites in the Cantabria region (northern Spain). From all of these pollutants, benzo(a)pyrene is regulated by the EU air quality directives; ...
Iori Anna Paola - - 2012
To assess the effectiveness of the search for an unrelated donor on the outcome of patients with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, we analyzed prospectively 136 patients who underwent a search for cord blood (CB) and an unrelated volunteer donor (UD) at the same time. The probability of finding a donor ...
Youinou Pierre - - 2012
T cells have originally occupied central stage of the debate on the type of lymphocytes governing the pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). However, B cells has since been substituted for T cells, and insights into their functions have revealed that they accomplish various tasks. Beyond the paradigm that T lymphocytes ...
Comanescu Maria - - 2012
Histopathological diagnosis using Formalin-Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) tissues is essential for the prognostic and therapeutic management of cancer patients. Pathologists are being confronted with increasing demands, from both clinicians and patients, to provide immunophenotypic and gene expression data from FFPE tissues to allow the planning of personalized therapeutic regimens. Recent ...
Kauppi Juha T - - 2012
([18F])fluorodeoxyglycose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computer Tomography (([18F])FDG-PET/CT) is commonly used in staging of locally advanced esophageal cancer. Its predictive value for response to neoadjuvant therapy and survival after multimodality therapy is controversial. Sixty-six consecutive patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction underwent surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Staging was ...
Vissink Arjan - - 2012
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of exocrine glands. SS particularly affects the lacrimal and salivary glands. Dry mouth and dry eyes are frequently proffered as presenting symptoms, but non-specific symptoms such as malaise and fatigue, and extraglandular manifestations like purpura, polyneuropathy and arthritis are also often present. ...
Castelli Roberto - - 2012
Several neurological complications have been associated with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), and demyelinating disorders have been estimated to affect the 0.02-0.20% of treated patients. Alemtuzumab is a humanized chimeric mAbthat targets the CD52 antigen, it is currently approved for relapsed/refractory and high-risk untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The ...
Salmi Heli H University of Helsinki, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2012
This study was undertaken to investigate thiol metabolism as a marker of oxidative stress and antioxidative defence capacity in a cohort of children with biochemically and/or genetically confirmed mitochondrial disease. Previous studies suggest that lower glutathione levels, which have been shown to further compromise mitochondrial function, may occur in these ...
Chung Ill-Min - - 2012
The seeds of the Coriandrum sativum were extracted and the essential oil composition and immunotoxicity effects were studied. The analysis of the essential oil was conducted by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy, which revealed 33 components, representing 99.99% of the total oil from the seeds of coriander. The major components are linalool ...
Smith Peter M - - 2012
Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune condition centred around salivary gland dysfunction and atrophy. There are a plethora of antibodies that mark the decline of the salivary glands, most of which relate to apoptopic mediated destruction of acinar cells. The best known of these autoantibodies, anti-Ro and anti-La form part ...
Suresh Padmanaban S - - 2012
Total and differential leucocyte count (TLC and DLC) in blood circulation influence humoral immune response and stress alters TLC and DLC by leucocyte misdistribution. Chlordiazepoxide, a widely used benzodiazepine anti-stress agent, is reported to reverse suppression of antibody response induced by acute stress but not by chronic stress. The effect ...
Neumann Katrin - - 2012
Objective: To assess speech perception in children, speech audiometric sentence tests are generally better suited than single word tests because of their steeper discrimination function and thus higher sensitivity. A disadvantage of older German single word speech audiometric tests for children is their inapplicability in quiet and in noise. Moreover, ...
Vismari Luciana - - 2012
Antidepressants are reported to display anti-inflammatory effects. Nitric oxide (NO), in turn, has a key role in inflammation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of amitriptyline co-administered with L-NAME (a NO synthase inhibitor) on certain parameters of acute inflammatory response in rats, as a form ...
Taravati Ali - - 2012
Sulfur mustard, a chemical warfare agent, has short- and long-term effects on various organs including respiratory system. Its late toxic effects on biological macromolecules among exposed veterans have not been well studied. We performed a study to determine paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and phenotype distribution as well as its correlation with ...
Yua Tingsheng - - 2012
Gene synthesis is an emerging field which has widespread implications in synthetic biology and molecular biology. The field is constantly evolving which has led to key advances in oligonucleotide synthesis and gene synthesis technologies, with simplicity, cost effectiveness and high throughput. The miniaturization, multiplexing, microfluidic processing and the integrated microchip ...
Gottenberg Jacques-Eric - - 2012
Many important clinical questions concerning primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) remains, that can only be adequately addressed by prospective cohorts. Thus, a better knowledge of the clinical outcome, the course of disease activity and the risk factors of lymphoma requires the setting up of cohorts with biobanks. The homogeneous collection of ...
Khan Saifur Rahman - - 2012
Gene therapy concept has been being overcome massive challenges from 1972 in ethical, socio-economical and developmental issues. In this review, we have attempted to go through almost all the arenas and described in a methodical way that reflects not only the initial ethical and scientific thoughts but also adorned a ...
Dantec Christelle Le - - 2012
There is growing evidence that epigenetics, the study of heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve mutations in the DNA itself, may play an essential role in autoimmune diseases (AID). In Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a chronic AID characterized by an epithelis of the exocrine glands, epigenetic studies have ...
Nordmark Gunnel - - 2012
Patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) have an activated type I interferon (IFN) system that contribute to the etiopathogenesis and clinical manifestations of the disease. The type I IFN system consists of the stimuli for type I IFN production, the receptors, cells and transcription factors involved in the synthesis of ...
Chou Chia Chi - - 2012
Objective. The sensitivity and specificity of the Chinese versions of the Hypomania Symptom Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) for detecting bipolar disorder in Taiwan were explored in this study. Methods In total, 59 participants who were initially diagnosed with unipolar depression were recruited from an outpatient clinic and ...
Correale Mario - - 2012
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the polypeptide hormone produced by the parathyroid glands, which plays a central role in calcium homeostasis. Circulating PTH must be measured regularly in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) to monitor and to adapt treatment with the aim of maintaining PTH levels ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2012
The mechanism for biological effects after exposure to particles is incompletely understood. One postulate proposed to explain biological effects after exposure to particles involves altered iron homeostasis in the host. The fibro-inflammatory properties of mineral oxide particles are exploited therapeutically with the instillation of massive quantities of talc into the ...
Chang Chih-Hui CH Department of Physical Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, - - 2012
Research has confirmed that console video games give rise to motion sickness in many adults. During exposure to console video games, there are differences in postural activity (movement of the head and torso) between participants who later experience motion sickness and those who do not, confirming a prediction of the ...
Wallander Michelle L - - 2012
Context.- MDM2 is known to be abnormally upregulated in a variety of human neoplasms, secondary to gene amplification. Assessment of MDM2 amplification is most useful clinically for separating lipomas (nonamplified) from atypical lipomatous neoplasms or well-differentiated liposarcomas (amplified). MDM2 amplification occurs in approximately 7% of all human neoplasms. In this ...
Aarnio Markku T - - 2012
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection reportedly is detectable in the gastrointestinal mucosa of patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease. One view is that CMV infection is of clinical significance in patients with Crohn's disease with severe colitis not responding to steroid therapy. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of CMV infection ...
Bush Jason A JA Biology Department,College of Science and Mathematics, California State University-Fresno, 2555 E. Ramon Ave., M/S SB73, Fresno, CA 93740, USA. - - 2012
Integrins are heterodimeric transmembrane receptors involved in sensing and transmitting informational cues from the extracellular environment to the cell. This study explored sub-proteome changes in response to elimination of the β3 integrin using a knockout murine model. Cleavable isotope-coded affinity tagging (cICAT) in combination with sub-cellular fractionation, multiple dimensions of ...
Ludeman Daniel J - - 2012
The Impella LP 2.5 left ventricular assist device (Abiomed) is safe and effective for assisting high-risk percutaneous interventions. A 77-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, severe coronary artery disease, an ejection fraction of 20%, severe peripheral vascular disease, and other comorbidities presented to a private, tertiary referral hospital with shortness ...
Chitiva Harvey - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The treatment of major depressive disorder continues to be challenging in many cases. The high nonresponse rates as well as the poor tolerability of some antidepressants often prompt patients to seek other forms of treatment. S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is one of the most popular over-the-counter antidepressants currently sold in the ...
Frommholz David - - 2012
It is well established that arthritis depresses locomotion in humans as well as in animal disease models. The K/BxN mouse model resembles rheumatoid arthritis and is widely used for research. Here, we investigate the behavioral alterations of arthritic K/BxN mice during arthritis development with respect to horizontal locomotion. Locomotor activity ...
Krämer Roland - - 2012
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a non-cyclic pseudopeptide-nucleic acid structural mimic with promising applications within diagnostics and drug discovery. This review focuses on metal complex derivatives of PNA. Metal ions and their complexes display unique physical and chemical properties and offer the opportunity to introduce new labels and probes for ...
Agweyu Ambrose A Kenya Medical Research Institute - Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya. - - 2012
The development of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines has gained wide acceptance in high-income countries and reputable international organizations. Whereas this approach may be a desirable standard, challenges remain in low-income settings with limited capacity and resources for evidence synthesis and guideline development. We present our experience using the Grading of ...
Zhang T-T - - 2012
To pursue an effective way to control freshwater algae, four extracts from a submerged macrophyte Hydrilla verticillata (Linn.f.) Royle were tested to study its inhibitory effects on Anabaena flos-aquae FACHB-245 and Chlorella pyrenoidosa Chick FACHB-9. Extract with the highest inhibiting ability was further studied in order to reveal the inhibitory ...
Hvelplund Anders - - 2012
To describe gender-specific long-term outcome and initiation of secondary preventive medication among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Observational cohort study. Nationwide registries. We included 18,279 patients: 6364 women (35%) and 11,915 men (65%), admitted with AMI (median age, 67 years; range, 30-90 years) surviving for at least 2 months. ...
Peacey Judith - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Adult patients (N = 100) being treated for acute psychiatric illness were interviewed about their sleep problems and attitudes toward available treatments. Most (74%) were using at least one prescribed psychotropic drug with hypnotic or sedative effects. Participants prescribed three or more drugs were less likely to name them ...
Walcott Brian P - - 2012
Generalized dystonic syndromes may escalate into persistent episodes of generalized dystonia known as status dystonicus that can be life-threatening due to dystonia-induced rhabdomyolysis and/or respiratory compromise. Treatment of these conditions usually entails parenteral infusion of antispasmodic agents and sedatives and occasionally necessitates a medically induced coma for symptom control. The ...
Schenarts Paul J - - 2012
The electronic medical record (EMR) is commonly thought to improve the safety and quality of care; however, there is scant information on the impact the EMR has on graduate medical education (GME). A review of English language literature was performed using MEDLINE and OVID databases using or combining the terms, ...
Yun Kang Uk - - 2012
PURPOSE: Obesity, a feature of metabolic syndrome, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and elevated plasma homocysteine is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. However, little published information is available concerning the effect of obesity on homocysteine metabolism. METHODS: Hepatic homocysteine metabolism was determined in male C57BL/6 mice fed a ...
Makri A - - 2012
The KISS1/KISS1R system has been implicated in the physiology of reproduction and many studies have documented the stimulatory effect of kisspeptin on Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone (GnRH) and gonadotropin secretion. In addition, the KISS1/KISS1R system has been implicated in several pathophysiological processes, including cancer. We examined the pattern of KISS1 and KISS1R ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >