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Cunningham John Edward JE Auckland City Hospital, Park Road, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2013
Long-term prospective observational cohort study. The objective of the study was to compare the long-term functional outcomes of posterolateral fusion (PLF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for the treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS). PLIF has the theoretical advantage of improving sagittal alignment and providing a larger, more consistent ...
Uwagawa Tadashi - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of regional arterial infusion of the synthetic serine protease inhibitor nafamostat mesilate combined with gemcitabine for the treatment of patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. A single-arm, single center, institutional review board-approved phase II trial was conducted. Thirty-five of 38 consecutive patients were ...
Mascia Daniele D Health Care Management, Department of Public Health, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. - - 2013
Organizational studies widely acknowledge the importance of the relationship between CEO's career histories and managerial performance. Although the health care management literature largely explores the role of CEOs, whether and how top managers' career histories affect their own performance remains still unknown in this industry. The aim of this study ...
Herring Sharon J SJ Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, 3223 N. Broad Street, Suite 175, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2012
A rising number of low-income African-American mothers gain more weight in pregnancy than is recommended, placing them at risk for poor maternal and fetal health outcomes. Little is known about the perceptions of mothers in this population that may influence excessive gestational weight gain. In 2010-2011, we conducted 4 focus ...
Jensen Mark P - - 2012
To identify and describe the response profile of pregabalin on the qualities of pain associated with peripheral neuropathy. A post hoc analysis to examine the effects of pregabalin on pain quality in patients with moderate-to-severe peripheral neuropathic pain was performed using data from an enriched enrollment randomized withdrawal proof-of-concept study. ...
Wang Lei - - 2012
Biomarkers are needed to improve the sensitivity and accuracy of diagnosis, and also prognosis, in individuals with early Alzheimer disease (AD). Measures of brain structure and disease-related proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been proposed as biomarkers, yet relatively little is known about the relationships between such measures. The ...
Hoggatt Katherine J - - 2012
The "Latina epidemiologic paradox" refers to the observation that despite socioeconomic disadvantages, Latina mothers in the United States (US) have a similar or lower risk for delivering an infant with low birth weight (LBW) compared to non-Latina White mothers. An analogous paradox may exist between foreign-born (FB) and US-born (USB) ...
Katz Mindy J MJ Saul B. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2012
As the population ages, the need to characterize rates of cognitive impairment and dementia within demographic groups defined by age, sex, and race becomes increasingly important. There are limited data available on the prevalence and incidence of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and nonamnestic mild cognitive impairment (naMCI) from population-based ...
Kim Yu Jin - - 2012
  Adefovir add-on therapy is recommended for patients infected with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to describe the long-term treatment outcome and predictors for good response of adefovir add-on therapy. A total of 559 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who had been treated for at least 12 months ...
Alexandrow Mark G - - 2012
Multiple studies from independent groups find evidence for signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) activation in nearly 50% of lung cancers, suggesting a functional role for this target in subsets of lung cancer. On the basis of the existing evidence, we hypothesized that bioavailable curcuminoid complex may modulate ...
Kolliputi Narasaiah - - 2012
The hallmark of acute lung injury (ALI) is the influx of proinflammatory cytokines into lung tissue and alveolar permeability that ultimately leads to pulmonary edema. However, the mechanisms involved in inflammatory cytokine production and alveolar permeability are unclear. Recent studies suggest that excessive production of ceramide has clinical relevance as ...
Smith Leann E - - 2012
The present study investigated the impact of social support on the psychological well-being of mothers of adolescents and adults with ASD (n = 269). Quantity of support (number of social network members) as well as valence of support (positive support and negative support) were assessed using a modified version of the "convoy ...
Gustafson Alison - - 2012
Description of the consumer food environment has proliferated in publication. However, there has been a lack of systematic reviews focusing on how the consumer food environment is associated with the following: (1) neighborhood characteristics; (2) food prices; (3) dietary patterns; and (4) weight status. We conducted a systematic review of ...
Mazurek Micah O - - 2012
Anecdotal reports indicate that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often preoccupied with television, computers, and video games (screen-based media). However, few studies have examined this issue. The current study examined screen-based media use among a large, nationally representative sample of youths participating in the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 ...
Ward W K - - 2012
Because declining glucose levels should be detected quickly in persons with Type 1 diabetes, a lag between blood glucose and subcutaneous sensor glucose can be problematic. It is unclear whether the magnitude of sensor lag is lower during falling glucose than during rising glucose. Initially, we analysed 95 data segments ...
Wang Lihong - - 2012
Persistent cognitive impairment (PCI) after remission of depressive symptoms is a major adverse outcome of late-life depression (LLD). The purpose of this study was to examine neural substrates associated with PCI in LLD. Longitudinal study. Outpatient depression treatment study at Duke University. Twenty-three patients with LLD completed a 2-year follow-up ...
Malow Beth - - 2012
Supplemental melatonin has shown promise in treating sleep onset insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Twenty-four children, free of psychotropic medications, completed an open-label dose-escalation study to assess dose-response, tolerability, safety, feasibility of collecting actigraphy data, and ability of outcome measures to detect change during a 14-week intervention. ...
Zhao Nan - - 2012
The objective of this work is to study the stability of three novel topical antimicrobial dressings consisting of amide N-chloramine structures against ethylene oxide sterilization. Cotton gauze samples bonded with one of three amide N-chloramine structures were subjected to standard ethylene oxide (EtO) sterilization. The amounts of amide N-chloramine structures ...
Kasuya Kazuhiko - - 2012
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the genes for ATP-binding cassette transporters is related to the side effects of anticancer drugs and that of drug metabolism-related enzyme genes is involved in the activation of gemcitabine (GEM). Forty eight patients treated with adjuvant GEM chemotherapy after pancreatic cancer resection was examined for ...
Kawichai Surinda - - 2012
Project Accept is a RCT designed to test the efficacy of community mobilization (CM), mobile voluntary counseling and testing (MVCT), and post-test support services (PTSS) in reducing HIV incidence in three African countries and Thailand. The intervention started in rural areas, northern Thailand in January 2006. CM initially included door-to-door ...
Brown C Hendricks - - 2012
What progress prevention research has made comes through strategic partnerships with communities and institutions that host this research, as well as professional and practice networks that facilitate the diffusion of knowledge about prevention. We discuss partnership issues related to the design, analysis, and implementation of prevention research and especially how ...
Bragdon Beth - - 2012
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) is a growth factor that initiates osteoblast differentiation. Recent studies show that BMP2 signaling regulates bone mineral density (BMD). BMP2 interacts with BMP receptor type Ia (BMPRIa) and type II receptor leading to the activation of the Smad signaling pathway. BMPRIa must shuttle between distinct ...
Hallett Victoria V Yale University, Child Study Center, 40 Temple Street, New Haven, CT 06510-2715, USA. - - 2012
Internalizing difficulties are prevalent in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), yet little is known about the underlying cause of this comorbidity. It is also unclear which types of autistic-like and internalizing difficulties are most strongly associated. The current study investigated the phenotypic and etiological associations between specific autistic-like traits ...
Christiansen R - - 2012
HbA(1c) is currently being introduced for diagnostic purpose in diabetes. Previous studies have, however, indicated that patients with liver disease have false low HbA(1c) levels. We therefore investigated the correlation between HbA(1c) and plasma glucose in patients with different levels of increased liver enzyme concentrations. Data from 10,065 patients with ...
Cheung Kitty P - - 2012
Obesity and related type 2 diabetes are increasing at epidemic proportions globally. It is now recognized that inflammatory responses mediated within the adipose tissue in obesity are central to the development of disease. Once initiated, chronic inflammation associated with obesity leads to the modulation of immune cell function. This review ...
Martin Pauline L - - 2012
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and fusion proteins directed towards soluble targets make an important contribution to the treatment of disease. The purpose of this review was to correlate the clinical and preclinical data on the 14 currently approved mAbs and fusion proteins targeted to soluble targets. The principal sources used to ...
Azhdarinia Ali - - 2012
Molecular imaging is used for the detection of biochemical processes through the development of target-specific contrast agents. Separately, modalities such as nuclear and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging have been shown to non-invasively monitor disease. More recently, merging of these modalities has shown promise owing to their comparable detection sensitivity and ...
Bugelski Peter J - - 2012
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and fusion proteins directed towards cell surface targets make an important contribution to the treatment of disease. The purpose of this review was to correlate the clinical and preclinical data on the 15 currently approved mAbs and fusion proteins targeted to the cell surface. The principal sources ...
Meyer Kacie J - - 2012
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic component to susceptibility. In this study, we report the molecular characterization of an apparent de-novo 281 kb duplication of chromosome 2p25.3 in two male half-siblings with autism. The 2p25.3 duplication was first identified through a low-density microarray, validated with fluorescent in-situ ...
Swift Damon L - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Aerobic exercise training has been shown to improve CRP; however, there are limited data evaluating the effect of other exercise training modalities (aerobic, resistance, or combination training) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. ...
Cook Dane B - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM) are chronic multisymptom illnesses with substantial clinical and diagnostic overlap. We have previously shown that, when controlling for aerobic fitness and accounting for comorbid FM, CFS patients do not exhibit abnormal cardiorespiratory responses during maximal aerobic exercise compared with healthy controls, despite differences ...
Cremers Ruben - - 2012
A family history of prostate cancer (PCa) is an established risk factor for PCa. In case of a positive family history, the balance between positive and adverse effects of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing might be different from the general population, for which the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate ...
Schneegans S M - - 2012
Many studies have evaluated the performance of risk assessment models for BRCA1/2 mutation carrier probabilities in different populations, but to our knowledge very few studies have been conducted in the German population so far. In the recent study, we validated the performance of three risk calculation models by names BRCAPRO, ...
Chung Wai Ting - - 2012
Among the 14.6% of American households experiencing food insecurity, approximately 2 million are occupied by older adults. Food insecurity among older adults has been linked to poor health, lower cognitive function, and poor mental health outcomes. While evidence of the association between individual or household-level factors and food insecurity has ...
Hansen Christopher K - - 2012
Each year, poison control centers throughout the United States respond to over 4 million calls for help in treating individuals exposed to toxic substances. Although most cases develop no or minimal clinical effects, a small proportion of patients who receive medical care for overdoses with poison center consultation expire. When ...
Logie James J JJ Clinical Biochemistry, Wishaw General Hospital, Wishaw, Lanarkshire, - - 2012
Circulating concentrations of the peptide kisspeptin have been proposed as a novel biomarker for early detection of pre-eclampsia. Our aims were to assess analytical and clinical performance characteristics of a commercial kisspeptin assay and to determine sensitivity and specificity of the test for pre-eclampsia. Prospective, longitudinal study in a United ...
Geffroy Loïc - - 2012
The aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare tumor. Its treatment is complex when localized to the lumbar spine, with neurological, mechanical, and tumoral complications. The aim of this study is to describe these tumors, their treatment, and their long-term evolution, as well as to define an appropriate therapeutic strategy. Four ...
Yamaguchi Koji - - 2012
Pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy has become a standard operation for distal and middle bile duct cancers. Bile duct cancer typically extends longitudinally and invades vertically. It frequently metastasizes to the lymph nodes and infiltrates the perineural spaces. The presence of residual cancer in the bile duct stump and lymph node metastases are ...
Behringer Erik J - - 2012
Electrical conduction along endothelium of resistance vessels has not been determined independently of the influence of smooth muscle, surrounding tissue or blood. Two interrelated hypotheses were tested: (i) Intercellular conduction of electrical signals is manifest in endothelial cell (EC) tubes; and (ii) Inhibitors of gap junction channels (GJCs) have confounding ...
Kawamoto K - - 2012
Dopamine released from the endings of descending dopaminergic nerve fibres in the spinal cord may be involved in modulating functions such as locomotion and nociception. Here, we examined the effects of dopamine on spinal synaptic transmissions in rats. Spinal reflex potentials, monosynaptic reflex potential (MSR) and slow ventral root potential ...
Darsalia Vladimer - - 2012
Diabetes is a strong risk factor for premature and severe stroke. The GLP-1R (glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor) agonist Ex-4 (exendin-4) is a drug for the treatment of T2D (Type 2 diabetes) that may also have neuroprotective effects. The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of Ex-4 against ...
Sohn David H - - 2012
Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) refers to techniques used to resolve conflicts without going to the courtroom. As healthcare and malpractice costs continue to rise, there is growing interest in tactics such as early apology, mediation, and arbitration in the medical arena. (1) Why is ADR needed? (2) Is ADR useful ...
Rahm Ann-Kathrin - - 2012
Two-pore-domain K(+) channels (K(2P) ) mediate K(+) background currents that modulate the membrane potential of excitable cells. K(2P) 18.1 (TWIK-related spinal cord K(+) channel) provides hyperpolarizing background currents in neurons. Recently, a dominant-negative loss-of-function mutation in K(2P) 18.1 has been implicated in migraine, and activation of K(2P) 18.1 channels was ...
Collins Sean P SP Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 47232, USA. - - 2012
Clinical trials for acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) have traditionally enrolled patients well after emergency department (ED) presentation. We hypothesized a large proportion of patients would undergo changes in clinical profiles during the first 24 h of hospitalization, and these changes would be associated with adverse events. We evaluated a prospective ...
Lu Qing-Yi QY Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2012
Scutellaria baicalensis has been a subject of research interest due to its potential multiple therapeutic benefits. This study was to examine the distribution of baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin A and their glucuronide/sulfate-conjugated metabolites in plasma, colon, small intestine, lung, liver, pancreas, kidney, and prostate tissues and in pancreatic tumor in a ...
Lam Ping - - 2012
The liver-specific bile salt export pump (BSEP) is crucial for bile acid-dependent bile flow at the apical membrane. BSEP, a member of the family of structurally related adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) proteins, is composed of 12 transmembrane segments (TMS) and two large cytoplasmic nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs). The regulation of ...
Pouget Enrique R - - 2012
We conducted a systematic review of studies reporting seroincidence of hepatitis C infection (HCV) in relation to shared syringes and drug preparation equipment among injection drug users (IDUs). We identified published and unpublished studies that met inclusion criteria. We estimated the relative contributions of shared syringes and drug preparation equipment ...
Kinnell Angela - - 2012
While many studies have investigated the list length effect in recognition memory, few have done so with stimuli other than words. This article presents the results of four list length experiments that involved word pairs, faces, fractals, and photographs of scenes as the stimuli. A significant list length effect was ...
Dures E - - 2012
Fatigue is an overwhelming rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptom caused by interacting clinical and psychosocial factors. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) addresses links between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and uses cognitive restructuring to facilitate behavior changes. In a randomized controlled trial, a group CBT program for RA fatigue improved fatigue impact, severity, and ...
de Couck Marijke - - 2012
Can different pathophysiological mechanisms and risk factors leading to various diseases be linked with altered transmission of signals by one common pathway? The present article provides evidence for the hypothesis that adequate vagal nerve activity reduces the risk of major diseases, via common basic mechanisms and interim risk factors. These ...
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