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Lin Han - - 2011
An axially super-resolved quasi-spherical focal spot can be generated by focusing an amplitude-modulated radially polarized beam through a high numerical aperture objective. A method based on the unique depolarization properties of a circular focus is proposed to design the amplitude modulation. The generated focal spot shows a ratio of x∶y∶z=1∶1∶1.48 ...
Iaccarino G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the dosimetric characteristics of the electron beams generated by the light intraoperative accelerator, Liac® (SORDINA, Italy), using Monte Carlo (MC) calculations. Moreover we investigated the possibility of characterizing the Liac® dosimetry with a minimal set of dosimetric data. In fact accelerator commissioning ...
Keady S M - - 2011
The somatotropic axis plays an important role in postnatal growth, development, and differentiation of skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sire breed and sire EPD for carcass weight (EPD(cwt)) on the expression of components of the somatotropic axis in M. longissimus dorsi of ...
Le Nhung Thi Tuyet - - 2011
There is an increasing interest in the application of photocatalytic properties for disinfection of surfaces, air, and water. Titanium dioxide is widely used as a photocatalyst, and the addition of silver reportedly enhances its bactericidal action. However, the synergy of silver nanoparticles and TiO(2) is not well understood. The photocatalytic ...
Lader Joshua M - - 2011
Hypertension is associated with the development of atrial fibrillation; however, the electrophysiological consequences of this condition remain poorly understood. ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels, which contribute to ventricular arrhythmias, are also expressed in the atria. We hypothesized that salt-induced elevated blood pressure (BP) leads to atrial K(ATP) channel activation and increased ...
Wang Dai - - 2011
A class of anti-virulence compounds, the salicylidene acylhydrazides, has been widely reported to block the function of the type three secretion system of several Gram-negative pathogens by a previously unknown mechanism. In this work we provide the first identification of bacterial proteins that are targeted by this group of compounds. ...
Duivis Hester E - - 2011
Objective: Depression has been associated with inflammation in patients with coronary heart disease. However, it is uncertain whether depressive symptoms lead to inflammation or vice versa. Method: The authors evaluated 667 outpatients with established coronary heart disease from the Heart and Soul Study. Depressive symptoms were assessed annually with the ...
Frechen D - - 2011
Interventional radiological procedures for the treatment of primary and secondary pulmonary malignancies have become increasingly important. In addition to thermally ablative treatment, selective chemoembolisation by a vascular access allows localised therapy. These treatments are considered to be palliative for patients in a reduced general condition which does not allow systemic ...
Xue Tian - - 2011
AIM: To synthesize two kinds of amoxicillin artificial antigen and to establish hybridoma cell lines secreting monoclonal antibody against amoxillin. METHODS: Amoxicillin were respectively coupled with ovalbumin(OVA) and bovine serum albumin(BSA) by using N-hydroxysuc-cinimide active ester (NHS) method to prepared the immunogen and detection antigen. Molar ratio of conjugates were ...
Liu Min - - 2011
AIM: To observe the effect of serum concentration on the growth, proliferation and secretion of collagen I, collagen III and hydroxyproline in mouse fibroblasts L929, to optimize serum concentration for cell growth, proliferation and collagen secretion. METHODS: L929 cells were divided into 6 groups cultured in the present of 0 ...
Seizer Peter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: During inflammatory cardiomyopathy matrix metalloproteinases are crucially involved in cardiac remodeling. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the "extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer" EMMPRIN (CD147) and its ligand Cyclophilin A (CyPA) are upregulated in inflammatory cardiomyopathy and may serve as diagnostic markers. Therefore, a series of ...
Maruyama H - - 2011
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs, number 13 (ADAMTS13) is a plasma zinc metalloprotease also known as von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease. Deficiency of ADAMTS13 activity is known to cause thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in humans. We isolated the canine ADAMTS13 cDNA, which encodes 1502 amino acids, ...
Kittichotirat Weerayuth - - 2011
Rhodocyclales are representative of versatile bacteria that are able to utilize a wide variety of organic compounds for growth, but only a few strains have been isolated in pure culture thus far. Here we present the genome sequence of Methyloversatilis universalis FAM5(T), the first cultivable methylotrophic member of the order.
Stöveken Nadine - - 2011
The compatible solutes ectoine and hydroxyectoine are widely produced by bacteria as protectants against osmotic and temperature stress. l-Aspartate-beta-semialdehyde is used as the precursor molecule for ectoine/hydroxyectoine biosynthesis that is catalyzed by the EctABCD enzymes. l-Aspartate-beta-semialdehyde is a central intermediate in different biosynthetic pathways and is produced from l-aspartate by ...
Tan Justin H JH Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, - - 2011
Prior studies have described a pseudocalculus appearance in the distal common bile duct as a normal variant at cholangiography. The objective of this study was to describe the occurrence of pseudotumor in the distal common bile duct at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Nine patients who underwent ERCP between May 2004 ...
Hicks Taylor D - - 2011
Arterioenteric fistulae often present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for physicians. Traditional therapy consists of open repair, which is often poorly tolerated by patients. As a consequence, endovascular repair, consisting primarily of stent graft exclusion, has been attempted by some as a less invasive approach. We report a patient with ...
Commean Paul K PK Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2011
Diabetic foot diseases, such as ulcerations, infections, and neuropathic (Charcot's) arthropathy, are major complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) and peripheral neuropathy (PN) and may cause osteolysis (bone loss) in foot bones. The purposes of our study were to make computed tomography (CT) measurements of foot-bone volumes and densities and to ...
Rodríguez Teresa - - 2011
Objective This study assessed pesticide exposure of children in rural Nicaragua in relation to parental pesticide use, from around conception to current school age, as part of an epidemiological evaluation of neurodevelopment effects. Methods We included 132 children whose parents were subsistence farmers or plantation workers, or had an agricultural ...
Tsuboi Satoshi - - 2011
To describe differences in physical activity in the context of clustering patterns of health-promoting behaviors. A cross-sectional study with 1724 participants (response rate, 91.1%). Tadami Town, in a rural area of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Part of the general population who participated in annual health checkups (age range, 30-93 years). The ...
Darras Stéphanie - - 2011
Postoperative ischemic colitis (POIC) remains a frequent and extremely severe complication of infrarenal abdominal aorta surgery. However, its diagnosis and treatment are not always consensual because the incidence is very small. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of severe colitis after infrarenal aorta surgery. ...
Schrøder Morten A - - 2011
The number of elderly intensive care unit (ICU) patients is increasing. We therefore assessed the long-term outcome in the elderly following intensive care. The outcome status for 91 elderly (= 75 years) and 659 nonelderly (18-74 years) ICU patients treated in the course of a one year period was obtained. ...
Higgins Dominique M - - 2011
Object Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are benign masses arising from the embryological Rathke pouch, and are commonly treated by transsphenoidal surgery. The authors retrospectively compared RCC extent of resection-either gross-total resection (GTR) or decompression-to the primary outcome measure, which was recurrences resulting in repeat surgery, and the secondary outcome measure, ...
Lin Gui-mei - - 2011
In this paper, crude monkshood polysaccharide was isolated from Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata. The effects of crude monkshood polysaccharide on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were investigated by microcalorimetry. The power-time curves of the bacterial growth at various concentrations (c) of crude monkshood polysaccharide were plotted with a TAM air ...
Farley Joel F - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine whether medication refill behavior varies by the number of prescribers of antipsychotic medication a patient has. Methods: A total of 7,868 patients with schizophrenia were identified from North Carolina Medicaid records for the period 2001-2003. Medication switching and adherence outcomes in ...
Huang Edward Kwei-Wei - - 2011
We report a high performance long-wavelength IR dual-band imager based on type-II superlattices with 100% cutoff wavelengths at 9.5 μm (blue channel) and 13 μm (red channel). Test pixels reveal background-limited behavior with specific detectivities as high as ∼5×10<sup>11</sup> Jones at 7.9 μm in the blue channel and ∼1×10<sup>11</sup> Jones at 10.2 μm in ...
Tellez James - - 2011
Objective: The function of the sinoatrial node (SAN), the pacemaker of the heart, is known to decline with age, resulting in pacemaker disease in the elderly. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of ageing on the SAN by characterising electrophysiological changes and determining if changes in ...
Westerink Jan - - 2011
Aims: To investigate whether levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) within the normal range are associated with an increased risk of new vascular events and mortality in patients with clinical manifest vascular diseases and whether this relation is influenced by adiposity. Methods and results: Prospective cohort study in 2443 patients (1790 ...
Feng Yan-Qing - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the characters and changes of peripheral lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in liver transplant receptors with HBV infection in short phases after liver transplantation, and to provide evidences for monitoring post-transplant immune condition of liver transplant receptors. METHODS: Peripheral lymphocyte subsets and cytokine levels in pre- and post- ...
Yoshitake Hiroshi - - 2011
We previously established an anti-sperm head auto-monoclonal antibody designated Ts4. The immunoreactivity of this antibody was also observed in other reproduction-related cells, such as testicular germ cells and early embryos, suggesting that the Ts4-recognized molecules might play a role in the reproductive process. However, the molecular characteristics and functions of ...
Caruana C J - - 2011
This is the third of a series of articles targeted at biomedical physicists providing educational services to other healthcare professions, whether in a university faculty of medicine/health sciences or otherwise (e.g., faculty of science, hospital-based medical physics department). The first paper identified the past and present role of the biomedical ...
Harrison Jeremy J - - 2011
Electronic absorption and magnetic circular dichroism spectra are reported for the A 2Δ, B 2Σ- and C 2Σ+ ← X 2Π transitions of methylidyne (CH) radicals isolated in a Kr matrix at cryogenic temperatures. The results are interpreted in the framework of a model in which the X 2Π term ...
Le Roy Chloé - - 2011
Although stress induces analgesia, there is evidence that stressful events may exacerbate pain syndromes. Here, we studied the effects of 1 to 3 prestressful events (days 0, 2, and 7), such as non-nociceptive environmental stress, on inflammatory hyperalgesia induced by a carrageenan injection (day 14) in 1 rat hind paw. ...
Baeeri Maryam - - 2011
A novel series of potential phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitors, 6-(3-(cyclopentyloxy)-4-methoxyphenyl)-3-aryl-7H-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazines, were developed. Different concentrations of the synthesized compounds were tested on cultured NIH-3T3 cells in order to determine their safety and efficacy in NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblastic cells in comparison to rolipram, a selective PDE-4 inhibitor. The viability of cells was determined ...
Yang Jiyong - - 2011
In this study, 112 Escherichia coli and 55 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with a multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotype were collected from 2007 to 2009. All isolates simultaneously exhibited resistance to cefotaxime (or ceftazidime), ciprofloxacin (or levofloxacin) and amikacin. Plasmid-mediated 16S rRNA methylases, including armA, rmtA, rmtB, rmtC, rmtD, rmtE and npmA, were ...
Yang Weiwen - - 2011
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein E2-2 is known to play a role in quiescence of endothelial cells (ECs). However, how the activity of E2-2 is controlled in the cells is still unclear. In this study, we identified FAM96B as an interaction partner of E2-2. FAM96B interfered with E2-2-mediated effects on ...
Celio Mark A - - 2011
Field methodologies offer a unique opportunity to collect ecologically valid data on alcohol use and its associated problems within natural drinking environments. However, limitations in follow-up data collection methods have left unanswered questions regarding the psychometric properties of field-based measures. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the ...
Breen Miyuki - - 2011
The human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line H295R is being used as an in vitro steroidogenesis screening assay to assess the impact of endocrine active chemicals (EACs) capable of altering steroid biosynthesis. To enhance the interpretation and quantitative application of measurement data in risk assessments, we are developing a mechanistic computational ...
Gandhi Sanjay - - 2011
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is highly prevalent and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The medical management of PAD involves a comprehensive approach to the patient with emphasis on cardiovascular risk factor modification in addition to therapies directed at treatment of limb symptoms. This manuscript will review the current ...
Katz David L - - 2011
Despite compelling statistics that show we could eliminate 80%of all heart disease and strokes, 90% of all diabetes, and 60% of all cancers with basic lifestyle changes, we have failed to motivate the public to make these changes and failed to motivate policy makers to make healthy choices the easiest ...
Yoshida Saiko - - 2011
Leaves originate from stem cells located at the shoot apical meristem. The meristem is shielded from the environment by older leaves, and leaf initiation is considered to be an autonomous process that does not depend on environmental cues. Here we show that light acts as a morphogenic signal that controls ...
Nolan Lee - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which residual shank length affects long jump performance of elite athletes with a unilateral transtibial amputation. Sixteen elite, male, long jumpers with a transtibial amputation were videoed while competing in major championships (World Championships 1998, 2002 and Paralympic Games, ...
Ozçelik Tuncer Burak - - 2011
Even though metal ceramic restorations (MCRs) are widely used by clinicians, the influence of the metal on the color of overlaying porcelain is unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the color alterations of different types of metal ceramic alloys during several stages of metal surface preparation and ...
Jaffer Amir K - - 2011
Key points Dabigatran (Pradaxa) will likely start to replace warfarin (Coumadin) both to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and to prevent recurrent venous thromboembolism. Using a checklist during insertion of central venous catheters can decrease the rate of catheter-related bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. The overall ...
Jayasooriya Gayani G Academic Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2011
Approximately 20% of strokes are attributable to carotid stenosis. However, the number of asymptomatic patients needed to prevent one stroke or death with endarterectomy is high at 17 to 32. There is a clear need to identify asymptomatic individuals at high risk of developing future ischemic events to improve the ...
Xie Jian-kun - - 2011
Rice straw is always regarded as a by-product of rice production, but it could be a significant energy source for ruminant animals. Knowledge of the genetic variation and genetic architecture of cell wall traits will facilitate rice breeders by improving relevant traits through selective breeding and genetic engineering. The common ...
Kou Jun-Long - - 2011
We propose and study in detail a phase-matched quadratic optical interaction in a realizable 2D double-slot lithium niobate (LN) waveguide. As opposed to the single-slot waveguide, the field can be well confined in the nanometric nonlinear material, and it is also more flexible for birefringence and dispersion design. The proposed ...
Lachiewicz Paul F - - 2011
The gluteus medius and minimus muscle-tendon complex is crucial for gait and stability in the hip joint. There are three clinical presentations of abductor tendon tears. Degenerative or traumatic tears of the hip abductor tendons, so-called rotator cuff tears of the hip, are seen in older patients with intractable lateral ...
Martín Jorge - - 2011
Filamentous fungi produce an impressive variety of secondary metabolites; many of them have important biological activities. The biosynthesis of these secondary metabolites is frequently induced by plant-derived external elicitors and appears to also be regulated by internal inducers, which may work in a way similar to that of bacterial autoinducers. ...
Wei Hao - - 2011
Redox-active transition metal ions, such as iron and copper, may play an important role in vascular inflammation, which is an etiologic factor in atherosclerotic vascular diseases. In this study, we investigated whether tetrathiomolybdate (TTM), a highly specific copper chelator, can act as an anti-inflammatory agent, preventing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses ...
Roberts William Clifford - - 2011
Three patients (2 women) 36, 45, and 49 years of age underwent cardiac transplantation for what was diagnosed clinically as nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Examination of the transthoracic echocardiogram and explanted heart in each disclosed marked hypertrabeculation involving the free wall of the very dilated left ventricle, a finding consistent with ...
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