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Stamp Lisa K - - 2011
To summarize evidence for and endorsement of serum urate (SU) as having fulfilled the OMERACT filter as a soluble biomarker in chronic gout at the 2010 Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Meeting (OMERACT 10). Data were presented to support the use of SU as a soluble biomarker in chronic gout and ...
Kapoor Aditya - - 2011
Coronary venous spasm is an under-recognized and often reversible technical challenge that may be encountered while placing bi-ventricular pacing devices. We describe a case of severe vasopsam in the posterolateral left ventricular vein that was managed by balloon angioplasty, followed by successful placement of the left ventricular lead.
Yu Haohai - - 2011
We report an efficient laser-diode-pumped Tm-doped LuVO<sub>4</sub> crystal laser at about 1.9 μm. For the first time to our knowledge, the π-polarized Tm:LuVO<sub>4</sub> laser was achieved. The maximum output power and slope efficiency were 1.32 W and 28.7%, respectively. By comparison, it has been found that the a-cut Tm:LuVO<sub>4</sub> crystal should be ...
Pang Xiaoyan - - 2011
The phase behavior of Airy beams is studied, and their Gouy phase is defined. Analytic expressions for the idealized, infinite-energy type beam are derived. They are shown to be excellent approximations for finite-energy beams generated under typical experimental conditions.
Luo P J - - 2011
One polyclonal antibody against florfenicol and thiamphenicol was produced and a competitive ELISA was developed for the detection of florfenicol and thiamphenicol in swine feed. The ELISA gave a 50% inhibiting concentration (IC(50))( )of 1.02 ng/mL for florfenicol. For fortified swine feed at levels of 0.05 to 3.0 mg/kg, the ...
Catalano Louis W LW - - 2011
The forearm contains many muscles, nerves, and vascular structures that change position on forearm rotation. Exposure of the radial shaft is best achieved with the Henry (volar) or Thompson (dorsal) approach. The volar flexor carpi radialis approaches are used increasingly for exposure of the distal radius. Although the dorsal approach ...
Garmyn Dominique - - 2011
To investigate if the primary function of the Agr system of Listeria monocytogenes is to monitor cell density, we followed Agr expression in batch cultures, in which the autoinducer concentration was uniform, and in biofilms. Expression was heterogeneous, suggesting that the primary function of Agr is not to monitor population ...
Chen Xiao - - 2011
Toleroge nic DCs and Tregs are believed to play a critical role in oral tolerance. However, the mechanisms of the generation of tolerogenic DCs and activation of Tregs in the gut remain poorly understood. This study aims to dissect the molecular mechanisms by which IECs and protein antigen induce functional ...
Duke Janine - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the trends in hospitalization for sunburn in Western Australia from 1988 to 2008. De-identified linked hospital morbidity data for all index sunburn admissions in Western Australia for the period 1988 to 2008 were analyzed. Poisson regression analysis was used to estimate trends ...
Ahmad-Nejad Parviz - - 2011
Aims: Members of the toll-like receptor (TLR) family have been shown to play important roles in inflammatory responses. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) altering receptor activity may either have detectable effects or might be without results due to compensatory mechanisms. We determined the genotype frequencies of functionally relevant SNPs in TLR2, 4 ...
Coiffier Bertrand B Hematology, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France. - - 2011
Bortezomib and rituximab have shown additive activity in preclinical models of lymphoma, and have been shown to be active and generally well tolerated in a randomised phase 2 study in patients with follicular and marginal zone lymphoma. We compared the efficacy and safety of rituximab alone or combined with bortezomib ...
Joseph Roymon - - 2011
A calix[4]arene conjugate bearing salicylyl imine having dibenzyl moiety (L) has been synthesized and characterized, and its ability to recognize three most important essential elements of human system, viz., iron, copper, and zinc, has been addressed by colorimetry and fluorescence techniques. L acts as a sensor for Cu(2+) and Fe(2+) ...
Szczytkowski Jennifer L - - 2011
The present investigations sought to determine whether the ventral tegmental area (VTA), basolateral amygdala (BLA), and nucleus accumbens shell (NAC) comprise a circuitry that mediates heroin-induced conditioned immunomodulation. Rats were given conditioning trials in which they received an injection of heroin upon placement into a distinctive environment. Prior to testing, ...
Buonaccorsi J Noelle - - 2011
A recent study has shown that 10% of plasma cell myelomas (PCMs) express CD23 and that expression is associated with abnormalities of chromosome 11, mainly t(11;14)(q13;q32); however, only 40% of t(11;14)(+) PCMs express CD23. Because these results were generated in a limited patient cohort and because the clinical relevance of ...
Johnson Eric S - - 2011
Objective: workers in slaughterhouses and processing plants that handle pigs, and pork butchers/meatcutters have been little studied for health risks associated with employment, in spite of the fact that they are potentially exposed to oncogenic and non-oncogenic transmissible agents and chemical carcinogens at work. We report here on an update ...
Kirchner M - - 2011
Aims:  This study investigated the diversity and persistence of Salmonella strains through the pork finishing cycle, from the farm into the abattoir. Methods and Results:  Isolates from four batches of finishers, from farm to abattoir, were used. Salm. Typhimurium isolates were subjected to molecular typing using pulsed field gel electrophoresis ...
Dattilo Philip B - - 2011
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) represents the most severe clinical manifestation of peripheral arterial disease, defined as the presence of chronic ischemic rest pain, ulcers, or gangrene attributable to objectively proven arterial occlusive disease. The dominant pathology underlying CLI is atherosclerosis, distributed at multiple levels along the length of the lower ...
Miranda B H - - 2011
A novel and successful case of eyebrow reconstruction, in dormant keratosis pilaris atrophicans, is presented. Keratosis pilaris atrophicans is a benign hereditary disorder of unknown aetiology. Grouped keratotic follicular papules and perifollicular erythema affect the cheeks and eyebrows, with a subsequent atrophic stage that results in scarring and alopecia. It ...
Shu Rui - - 2011
A 23-year-old Mongolian woman came for a consultation with chief complaints of protrusive lips and a gummy smile. The clinical examination showed a convex profile, a protrusive maxilla, excessively proclined and extruded maxillary incisors, and a Class II Division 1 malocclusion. Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) in the posterior dental region ...
- - 2011
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus-contaminated stethoscopes belonging to emergency department (ED) staff and to identify the proportion of these that were Staphylococcus aureus or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of bacterial cultures from 100 ED staff ...
Caughey Gillian E - - 2011
Background: Co-morbidity of both cardiac and non-cardiac conditions is common in the elderly with heart failure (HF) and can be associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of co-morbidity and potential treatment conflicts that may result in adverse clinical outcomes in ...
Burns David R - - 2011
Mandibular implant overdentures provide improved treatment outcome than conventional denture therapy, but there is controversy as to which overdenture treatment is the best choice. This study evaluated 3 different mandibular implant overdenture treatments with respect to prosthesis retention and stability, tissue response, patient satisfaction and preference, and complications to determine ...
Leung Ping-Chung - - 2011
The surgeon aims at a direct, complete removal of the pathology. In spite of the modern advancements of imaging facilities and precision instrumentations, unsatisfactory results and recurrences are not uncommon. This paper provides a general review of the four specific areas in surgery that would benefit from Chinese medicine. Extensive ...
Akbari Roghayeh - - 2011
Introduction. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a part of the innate immune system. Many studies showed an association of low serum MBL levels with decreased host defense against various infectious agents. Considering paradoxical reports about the serum level of MBL in hemodialysis patients, this study aimed to measure and compare serum ...
Testuz Ariane - - 2011
We report the incidental finding of 2 coronary to pulmonary artery fistulas observed at coronary angiography performed in a 48-year-old man presenting with acute inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography revealed an acute thrombotic occlusion of the mid segment of the right coronary artery (RCA), which was treated with ...
Nagarajan Lakshmi - - 2011
The characteristics of ictal electroencephalograms in 160 neonatal seizures of 43 babies were correlated with mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Neonatal seizures are focal at onset, most frequently temporal, and often occur during sleep. Twenty-one percent of babies with seizures died, and 76% of survivors manifested neurodevelopmental impairment during 2-6-year follow-up. ...
Alasaarela Tapani - - 2011
We demonstrate that properly designed one-dimensional guided-mode resonance filters (GMRFs) with only one grating layer can exhibit a nonpolarizing resonant filtering effect under normal incidence. A sinusoidal profile nonpolarizing GMRF is realized by photoinduced surface-relief grating formation on thin films of polymer-azobenzene complexes and subsequent atomic layer deposition, showing the ...
Li Xiangping - - 2011
This paper reports on the study of the superresolution volume of the focal spot by focusing a radially polarized beam. This feature is achieved by increasing the inner radius of a high NA annular objective to break the diffraction-limited volume of a focal spot. The application of this finding into ...
Scharschmidt Thomas J - - 2011
Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy that commonly affects the skeletal system. The disease is primarily managed medically with chemotherapeutic agents. Pathologic fractures are common in patients with diagnosed and undiagnosed disease. The number of patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma is increasing, as is the incidence of associated pathologic fractures. ...
Dudek Hanna M - - 2011
Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases catalyze oxidations that are of interest for biocatalytic applications. Among these enzymes, phenylacetone monooxygenase (PAMO) from Thermobifida fusca is the only protein showing remarkable stability. While related enzymes often present a broad substrate scope, PAMO accepts only a limited number of substrates. Due to the absence of a ...
Verheyden Geert - - 2011
Background and Purpose. Healthy individuals have a top-down coordination pattern when turning while walking; they first rotate the head, then the shoulders, the pelvis and, finally, the feet. The aim of this study was to compare spatial and temporal characteristics of head and trunk rotation in sitting between people early ...
White Colin D - - 2011
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is overexpressed in 20-25% of breast cancers. Increased HER2 expression is an adverse prognostic factor and correlates with decreased patient survival. HER2-positive (HER2(+)) breast cancer is treated with trastuzumab. Unfortunately, some patients are intrinsically refractory to therapy, and many who do respond initially ...
Baron Murray - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium GI Tract Instrument (UCLA SCTC GITI) was recently developed to measure gastrointestinal tract disease in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our study assesses the internal consistency and validity of the instrument in a different population than was used in ...
Goreshi Renato R Philadelphia Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Quality of life (QoL) for patients with inflammatory skin disease can be significant, but has been evaluated in just one study in dermatomyositis (DM). We sought to examine the relationship between the Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Area (CDASI) and Severity Index, a DM-specific cutaneous severity instrument, and various QoL study instruments and ...
Bokesch Paula M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Ecallantide is a recombinant peptide in the same class as aprotinin that inhibits plasma kallikrein, a major component of the contact coagulation and inflammatory cascades. Therefore, ecallantide was expected to reduce blood loss associated with cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: This prospective multinational, randomized, double-blind trial enrolled patients ...
Kumar Apoorva - - 2011
Preoperative, operative and postoperative radiological examinations and operative notes of 31 patients with spinal arachnoid cyst operated on during 2002-2009 at the Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, were evaluated. Sixteen patients were male and 15 were female. All patients were managed surgically: extradural arachnoid cysts were managed by ...
Canal Fabiana - - 2011
Polymer Therapeutics have enormously evolved in the past decades. Several polymeric drugs as well as polymer-protein conjugates have been in the market since the 90s, but although polymer-drug conjugates are already in clinical trials they still need to reach this final goal. There are four main convergent strategies to move ...
Lin Wei-Chieh - - 2011
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by lung inflammation and diffuse infiltration of neutrophils into the alveolar space. The inhibition of alveolar neutrophil apoptosis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ALI. Although sphingolipids may regulate cell apoptosis, the role of sphingolipids in activated neutrophils during ALI is not clear. ...
Júnior Carlos Galhardo CG Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia, Brazil. - - 2011
Since its clinical introduction in the 80s, intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has represented one of the greatest advances in modern cardiac anesthesia. It is a semi-invasive technique that allows direct and fast visualization of structural anatomy of the heart and great vessels as well as contributes to hemodynamic and functional ...
Vilas Boas Walkíria Wingester WW Hospital Municipal Odilon Behrens, Brazil. - - 2011
Cerebral relaxation during intracranial surgery is necessary, and hiperosmolar therapy is one of the measures used to this end. Frequently, neurosurgical patients have sodium imbalances. The objective of the present study was to quantify and determine cerebral relaxation and duration of hydroelectrolytic changes secondary to the use of mannitol versus ...
Ebner B C - - 2011
Analysis of 36 records of the rarely encountered moray Gymnothorax polyuranodon indicate that juveniles and adults inhabit fresh and mildly brackish habitats (salinity < 5) in streams of the Australian Wet Tropics Eighty-one per cent of these records were from freshwater streams and collectively demonstrate that this species inhabits fresh ...
Niino T - - 2011
The fabrication of tissue engineering scaffolds for the reconstruction of highly oxygen-dependent inner organs is discussed. An additive manufacturing technology known as selective laser sintering was employed to fabricate a highly porous scaffold with an embedded flow channel network. A porogen leaching system was used to obtain high porosity. A ...
O'Connell Ryan M - - 2011
The past 5 years have seen an explosion of knowledge about miRNAs and their roles in hematopoiesis, cancer, and other diseases. In myeloid development, there is a growing appreciation for both the importance of particular miRNAs and the unique features of myelopoiesis that are being uncovered by experimental manipulation of ...
Thoma Christian C Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2012
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a serious and growing clinical problem. Despite lifestyle modification, i.e. diet and physical activity, being the recommended therapy, there are currently no systematic evaluations of its efficacy. This review applies a systematic approach to evaluating lifestyle modifications studied to date. Medline (Pubmed), Scopus, and the ...
Moultrie Denise - - 2011
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter infections are occurring at alarming rates in traumatic war injuries. Causative factors have not been specifically identified. We used an integrative review of the literature guided by the Identifying, Organizing, and Synthesizing strategy to identify factors related to MDR Acinetobacter transmission. We identified five major themes of ...
Li Jing - - 2011
To investigate the in vitro effects and the primary mechanisms of Changweiqing (, CWQ) on antimetastasis and antiinvasion of hypoxic colon carcinoma cells. In addition, to provide experimental evidence for the Chinese medicinal theory of "strengthening the body's resistance to eliminate pathogenic factors" in the treatment of colorectal cancer, including ...
Pimenta Eduardo - - 2011
Resistant hypertension is an increasingly common medical problem, and patients with this condition are at a high risk of cardiovascular events. The prevalence of resistant hypertension is unknown, but data from clinical trials suggest that 20% to 30% of hypertensive individuals may be resistant to antihypertensive treatment. The evaluation of ...
Francis Brian A - - 2011
To review the published literature and summarize clinically relevant information about novel, or emerging, surgical techniques for the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and to describe the devices and procedures in proper context of the appropriate patient population, theoretic effects, advantages, and disadvantages. Devices and procedures that have US Food and ...
Bosma Hans - - 2011
Objective: The study examined whether education level was associated with benefits derived from a self-management intervention. Because such interventions increase one's sense of control, it was hypothesized that persons with less education, who generally have a diminished sense of control, would derive greater benefit. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted ...
Walbaum Till - - 2011
We present a mode-locked all-fiber erbium laser that can be tuned in wavelength while in pulsed operation. A low-cost multimode interference bandpass filter based solely on standard fibers was employed in a sigma-shaped cavity design. By bending the fiber filter, the spectrum could be continuously shifted by up to 11.6 nm ...
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