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Pun Deo K - - 2011
Current demographic information on the number and types of removable partial dentures is lacking in the prosthodontic literature. This study was designed to investigate patterns of tooth loss in patients receiving removable partial dentures (RPDs) in eastern Wisconsin. Digital images (1502) of casts at 5 dental laboratories in eastern Wisconsin ...
Oommen Santosh Samuel - - 2011
Survivors of cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation have improved neurologic outcomes if they are cooled to a core body temperature of 32°C to 34°C for 24 hours as soon as possible after reaching the hospital.
Zhao Qin - - 2011
Ds-echinoside A (DSEA), a non-sulfated triterpene glycoside, was isolated from the sea cucumber Pearsonothuria graeffei. In vitro and in vivo investigations were conducted on the effects of DSEA on tumor cell adhesion, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. In this study, we found that DSEA inhibited the proliferation of human hepatocellular liver ...
Chen Shih-Yin - - 2011
Objective: This study evaluated the national trends in prescribing pharmacologic treatments for pediatric depression before and after a 2003 U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory linking an increased risk of suicidality with antidepressants among pediatric patients with major depressive disorder. Methods: National estimates on outpatient visits between 1998 and 2007 ...
Whalen P - - 2011
We analyze the method of moving focus to determine the critical power for self-focusing by means of numerical simulation and a semianalytical model. It is shown that the original interpretation of a moving focus experiment does not hold in general and that inclusion of defocusing effects due to free electrons ...
Nochera Carmen L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The ω-3-fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is important in infant brain development and maturation. The advisable intake of the ω-3 fatty acids DHA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) for pregnant and lactating women is 300 mg/d or 9 g/month. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis ...
Kim Dae-Wi - - 2011
Antimicrobial residues found in municipal wastewater may increase selective pressure on microorganisms for development of resistance, but studies with mixed microbial cultures derived from wastewater have suggested that some bacteria are able to inactivate fluoroquinolones. Medium containing N-phenylpiperazine and inoculated with wastewater was used to enrich fluoroquinolone-modifying bacteria. One bacterial ...
Mundt Adrian P - - 2011
PURPOSE: Little is known about psychopharmacological prescription practice in low-income countries. The present study aimed for an analysis of pharmacological treatment strategies for inpatients with schizophrenia in Tashkent, the capital city of Uzbekistan, facing a low-income situation as compared with four German cities in a high-income Western situation. METHODS: We ...
Ewen Elizabeth P - - 2011
The Mef2 family of transcription factors regulates muscle differentiation, but the specific gene programs controlled by each member remain unknown. Characterization of Mef2A knock-out mice has revealed severe myofibrillar defects in cardiac muscle indicating a requirement for Mef2A in cytoarchitectural integrity. Through comprehensive expression analysis of Mef2A-deficient hearts, we identified ...
Alaaeddine Nada - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of the chemokine CCL20 and its receptor CCR6 in donor, osteoarthritic (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium; and to determine the molecular mechanism of cellular activation induced by chemokine/receptor ligation in human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS: Synovia and isolated FLS from donor, OA, and RA joints ...
Ishihara M - - 2011
Aim: The aims of this study were to establish a protocol for monitoring Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection for identification of pediatric renal transplant recipients with a high risk of developing posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) and to predict the development of PTLD. Subjects and methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and ...
Chen Peng - - 2011
Metastasis is a major cause of mortality among lung cancer patients. In a previous high-throughput screening of 20,000 compounds to identify inhibitors of cancer cell migration, 4-methyl-3-nitrobenzoic acid was found to inhibit the migration of nine tumor cell lines. The present study used the human non-small cell lung cancer cell ...
Darchis C - - 2011
Hirayama disease is a myelopathy related to flexion movements of the neck that produce ischemic damage in the anterior horn of the cervical cord. The disease affects young people and is characterized by a distal upper extremity deficit that develops gradually. The diagnosis is confirmed by cervical magnetic resonance imaging ...
Hashimoto Yoshihide - - 2011
Decellularized bone/bone marrow was prepared to provide a microenvironment mimicking that of the bone marrow for three-dimensional culture in vitro. Bone/bone marrows were hydrostatically pressed at 980 MPa at 30 °C for 10 min to dismantle the cells. Then, they were washed with EGM-2 and further treated in an 80% EtOH to remove the ...
Mahmoud Mahmoud Abd El Mohsen - - 2011
Cu2O-Au nanoframes with different nanolayer thicknesses of Cu2O were prepared and their photocatalytic properties in aqueous solutions were studied. Cu2O semiconductor excitation leads to electron-hole separation. In aqueous solution, the hole is known to oxidize water to produce hydroxyl radicals whose concentration (and that of the holes) can be monitored ...
Kuda Takashi - - 2011
To determine the existence of p-nitrophenol (PNP)-lowering bacteria in intestine of Japanese coastal fish, the gastro-intestinal contents were incubated in Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) broth and minimal medium (MM) broths containing 1mmol/L PNP at 30°C for 7days. Among 26 samples of 19 fish species, 17 samples showed a decrease in ...
Rawls Katherine S KS Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0700, - - 2011
Glycerol is a primary energy source for heterotrophic haloarchaea and a major component of "salty" biodiesel waste. Glycerol is catabolized solely by glycerol kinase (encoded by glpK) to glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) in Haloferax volcanii. Here we characterized the next critical step of this metabolic pathway: the conversion of G3P to dihydroxyacetone ...
Ruiz Martil Carmen Amelia - - 2011
To find out the attitudes and behaviour of women towards preventive activities related to cardiovascular disease. Cross-sectional descriptive study, through a self-completion questionnaire, in three Health Centres in Toledo (Spain). A total of 539 women between 18 and 65 years old answered an ad hoc developed questionnaire that contained items ...
Lucy David - - 2011
520 glass fragments were taken from 105 glass items. Each item was either a container, a window, or glass from an automobile. Each of these three classes of use are defined as glass categories. Refractive indexes were measured both before, and after a programme of re-annealing. Because the refractive index ...
Edwards Matthew S - - 2011
This study examined outcomes of endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) using general, spinal, epidural, and local/monitored anesthesia care (MAC) in a multicenter North American hospital database reflecting contemporary anesthesia and surgical practices. Elective EVAR cases performed between 2005 and 2008 were identified from the American College of ...
Kidd David - - 2011
1. Identifying natural enemies that can maintain pests at low abundances is a priority in biological control. Here, we show that experiments combined with models generate new insights into identifying effective control agents prior to their release in the field. Using a host-parasitoid community (the harlequin bug and its egg ...
Eckert Mark A - - 2011
Better understanding the mechanisms underlying the metastatic process is essential to developing novel targeted therapeutics. Recently, invadopodia have been increasingly recognized as important drivers of local invasion in metastasis. Invadopodia are basally-localized, actin-rich structures that concentrate protease activity to areas of the cell in contact with the extracellular matrix. We ...
Warsame Abdirashid A - - 2011
One third of all splenic marginal zone lymphomas (SMZL) use the immunoglobulin heavy chain VH1-02 gene. These cases are usually not associated with HCV infection. Of interest, the rearranged VH1-02 genes display similar complementarity determining regions three, a finding confirmed by our study. The latter suggests that these SMZL may ...
Won Young-Woong - - 2011
Deletion of exon 19 of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mutation of exon 21 are the most common EGFR mutations and predict higher response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). Accumulating data show clinical differences in both response and survival between these two EGFR mutations. This study investigated ...
Haufler Kimberly - - 2011
Day-of-surgery cancellations are costly and frustrating for both the patient and the health care team. This is especially true in ambulatory surgical centers where it can be difficult to schedule a replacement procedure on short notice. Preoperative nurses at the University of North Carolina Health Care ambulatory surgical center were ...
Walterfang Mark - - 2011
Although historically gray matter changes have been the focus of neuropathological and neuroradiological studies in schizophrenia, in recent years an increasing body of research has implicated white matter structures and its constituent components (axons, their myelin sheaths and supporting oligodendrocytes). This article summarizes this body of literature, examining neuropathological, neurogenetic ...
Wang Guoyu - - 2011
For underwater image restoration, modeling of PSF relies on a priori knowledge of the inherent optical properties under water. But full knowledge-based restoration could be corrupted by the complexity and instability of the application environments. Concerned with representation of the backscattering noise of underwater image, this Letter proposes a simplified ...
Schulz M - - 2011
We report on a Yb:YAG Innoslab laser amplifier system for generation of subpicsecond high energy pump pulses for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification (OPCPA) at high repetition rates. Pulse energies of up to 20 mJ (at 12.5 kHz) and repetition rates of up to 100 kHz were attained with pulse durations of 830 fs ...
Nærdal Ingemar - - 2011
We investigated the regulation and roles of six aspartate pathway genes in L-lysine overproduction in Bacillus methanolicus: dapG, encoding aspartokinase I (AKI); lysC, encoding AKII; yclM, encoding AKIII; asd, encoding aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase; dapA, encoding dihydrodipicolinate synthase; and lysA, encoding meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase. Analysis of the wild-type strain revealed that in ...
De Schepper Jean - - 2011
Objective: Growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy currently requires daily injections, which may be inconvenient and distressing for young patients. The present study determined the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of escalating single doses of a pegylated GH (NNC126 0083) developed for once-weekly administration, in children with growth-hormone deficiency (GHD). Design ...
García-Madrid César - - 2011
Lower limb varicose veins are often secondary to greater saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency. Technological development has led to the appearance of new minimally invasive treatments, such as endovenous radiofrequency ablation (ERFA). This almost completely eliminates the disadvantages associated with conventional surgery (haematomas, scars, inguinal neovascularisation, and a prolonged time off ...
Myles Arpita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Membrane-bound receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (mRAGE) is overexpressed in response to increasing concentrations of its ligand (e.g., S100A12) and triggers an inflammatory immune response. In contrast, soluble RAGE (sRAGE) acts as a decoy receptor and downmodulates inflammation. Decreased sRAGE levels are associated with autoimmune diseases; however, limited data ...
Cieslak Mikolaj - - 2011
Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) are used to integrate knowledge and test hypotheses of plant behaviour, and to aid in the development of decision support systems. A significant amount of effort is being put into providing a sound methodology for building them. Standard techniques, such as procedural or object-oriented programming, are ...
Bala Asis - - 2011
Context: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) is frequently used as a chemical inducer of tissue damage. Their effects on mouse peritoneal macrophages and also in peripheral blood lymphocytes are still unknown. Objective: Therefore we tried to focus on intracellular oxidative stress produced by CCl(4) in mouse macrophage and lymphocyte cells. Methods: Intraperitoneal ...
Hermes A - - 2011
We report on a 61-year-old male patient who was admitted due to dysphagia, hoarseness and stridor. CT showed extensive metastasis to the thyroid and left adrenal gland. Histology revealed small-cell lung cancer. A primary tumour could not be detected in the lungs and mediastinum. Good symptom control could be achieved ...
Gao N - - 2011
Background: Fluid overload is a common problem in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) and vascular pedicle width (VPW) in routine chest radiograph are useful indicators of intravascular volume status and may represent important prognostic factors of PD patients. Methods: We measured VPW and CTR in 286 unselected prevalent ...
Girardi Michael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The condition that came to be known as nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) was first reported in 2000 and, in 2001, was termed "nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy." Since then, NSF has been the subject of a wide-ranging multidisciplinary medical investigation that has proven an indisputable link to renal disease and a ...
Liao Xia - - 2011
AIM: Used RFP gene to construct a RNA interference vector for convenience to obtain the good effective hairpins sequence. METHODS: NUDC and RFP genes were cloned into pDs vector separately, resulting in pDs-NUDC- RFP. as above, human U6 promoter and 9 hairpins sequence of NUDC were cloned into the pDs- ...
Vral A - - 2011
Enhanced in vitro chromosomal radiosensitivity (CRS) has been proposed as a marker for low-penetrance gene mutations predisposing to breast cancer (BC). Since the double strand break (DSB) is the most detrimental form of DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation, it is possible that mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in ...
Lugo-Ibarra K C - - 2011
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were studied in sediment cores from two distinctive modern channels of the Colorado River (CR) delta. Their abundance and temporal changes are associated with flood-flows from the CR across the USA-Mexico border. The CR channel is directly exposed to river flood-flows while the ...
Kim Hyun-Jung - - 2011
Proximal epithelioid sarcoma (PES) is an extremely uncommon neoplasm of the vulva with an aggressive behavior. Recently, these authors experienced a case of proximal-type ES in a 41-year-old woman who was admitted for a rapidly growing mass in the right mons pubis. An about-1-cm-sized mass was initially noticed one and ...
Mukerji Shraddha S - - 2011
We present a case of an intranasal meningoencephalocele masquerading as an 'intranasal polyp' in a 17-month-old child. Nasal meningoencephaloceles are uncommon anomalies and require a high index of suspicion for their diagnosis. Biopsy of such lesions without prior imaging studies can be detrimental because of the risk of cerebrospinal fluid ...
Dayakar A - - 2011
Human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is frequently found in poor population who are suffering from malnutrition in endemic areas. Therefore, obviously they may have reduced levels of leptin due to reduction in number of adipocytes which are major source of leptin production. Human pathogenesis of VL and reduced levels of leptin ...
Canales Benjamin K - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the most common surgical intervention for long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. By decreasing obesity-associated hyperfiltration, diabetes, and hypertension, RYGB is touted to stabilize, if not prevent, progression of chronic renal disease. To test this, the renal histology of diet-induced obese rats that ...
Rangachari Pavani - - 2011
Despite the growing momentum toward patient- and family-centered care at the federal policy level, the organizational literature remains divided on its effectiveness, especially in regard to its key dimension of involving patients and families in treatment decisions and safety practices. Although some have argued for the universal adoption of patient ...
Mouttet A - - 2011
The success of total knee arthroplasty is measured by pain relief, functional recovery, and implant survival duration. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term clinical, functional and radiological results of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-retaining fixed bearing EUROP implant. The long-term results of EUROP implants are ...
Peixoto Iza Teixeira Alves - - 2011
In this randomized clinical trial, we investigated, using the microbial culture technique and scanning electron microscopy, the contamination of acrylic baseplates of removable orthodontic appliances by mutans streptococci (MS) and evaluated the efficacy of different home disinfection protocols with a 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate spray (Periogard, Colgate-Palmolive, São Bernardo do Campo, ...
- - 2011
Abstract We explore the health care literature and draw on two decades of experience in the provision of medical care at mass gatherings and special events to illustrate the complementary aspects of mass gathering medical support and disaster medicine. Most communities have occasions during which large numbers of people assemble ...
Hoerauf A - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; 17: 977-985 ABSTRACT: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and onchocerciasis are parasitic nematode infections that are responsible for a major disease burden in the African continent. Disease symptoms are induced by the immune reactions of the host, with lymphoedema and hydrocoele in LF, and dermatitis and ocular inflammation ...
Patel Laxeshkumar - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, degenerative brain disease. The mainstay of current management of patients with AD involves drugs that provide symptomatic therapy. Two classes of medications have been approved by the US FDA for the treatment of AD: the cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs), which include galantamine and rivastigmine (both ...
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