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Lee Shin-Jae - - 2011
The aim of this study was to propose a method to classify dental arch forms of subjects with normal occlusion into several types that can ensure both goodness of fit and clinical application. We selected 306 subjects with normal occlusion from 15,836 young adults, recorded 14 reference points that defined ...
Parola P - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; 17: 996-1000 ABSTRACT: Rickettsia felis is a spotted fever group rickettsia that has been definitely described in 2002. Within the last 20 years, there have been a growing number of reports implicating R. felis as a human pathogen, parallel to the fast-growing reports of the worldwide detection of ...
Tryba Andrew K - - 2011
Neocortical oscillations result from synchronized activity of a synaptically coupled network and can be strongly influenced by the intrinsic firing properties of individual neurons. As such, the intrinsic electroresponsive properties of individual neurons may have important implications for overall network function. Rhythmic intrinsic bursting (rIB) neurons are of particular interest, ...
Dubarry Marion M Institut Curie, Paris, F-75248 - - 2011
The heterochromatin-like structure formed by the yeast silent information regulator complex (SIR) represses transcription at the silent mating type loci and telomeres. Here, we report that tight protein-DNA complexes induce ectopic recruitment of the SIR complex, promoting gene silencing and changes in subnuclear localization when cis-acting elements are nearby. Importantly, ...
Lau Lawrence S - - 2011
Quality imaging may be described as "a timely access to and delivery of integrated and appropriate procedures, in a safe and responsive practice, and a prompt delivery of an accurately interpreted report by capable personnel in an efficient, effective, and sustainable manner." For this article, radiation safety is considered as ...
Yura Harold T - - 2011
Scintillation measurements of a 1064 nm laser at a 5 kHz sampling rate were made by an optical ground station at the European Space Agency observatory in Tenerife, Spain while tracking a low Earth orbit satellite during the spring and summer of 2010. The scintillation index (SI), the variance of irradiance normalized ...
Bosi P - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 3 antibiotics used for pulmonary pathologies added in the feed of weaned pigs on growth performance, commensal microbiota, and immune response. At weaning, a total of 72 pigs were randomly assigned by live weight and litter to one of ...
Anjali Ch - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nanoemulsion composed of neem oil and non-ionic surfactant Tween 20, with a mean droplet size ranging from 31.03 to 251.43 nm, was formulated for various concentrations of the oil and surfactant. The larvicidal effect of the formulated neem oil nanoemulsion was checked against Culex quinquefasciatus. RESULTS: O/W emulsion was ...
Mendoza Y - - 2011
Atmospheric concentrations of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) were removed by bulk aerobic soils from tropical, subtropical, and boreal environments. Removal was observed in all tested soil types, indicating that the process was widespread. The flux measured in field chamber experiments was 0.24 ± 0.10 nmol CCl(4) (m(2) day)(-1) (average ± standard ...
Kelleher Zachary T ZT Division of Pulmonary Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2011
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) expression is increased in the airway epithelium in acute inflammatory disorders although the physiological impact remains unclear. We have previously shown that NOS2 inhibits NF-κB (p50-p65) activation in respiratory epithelial cells by inducing S-nitrosylation of the p65 monomer (SNO-p65). In addition, we have demonstrated that ...
Halliburton Sandra S - - 2011
Over the last few years, computed tomography (CT) has developed into a standard clinical test for a variety of cardiovascular conditions. The emergence of cardiovascular CT during a period of dramatic increase in radiation exposure to the population from medical procedures and heightened concern about the subsequent potential cancer risk ...
Palanisamy N - - 2011
To investigate the hepatoprotective activity of Asparagus racemosus against isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity in male albino rats. Rats (n = 6 per group) were divided into four groups: saline-treated control, saline-treated control with A. racemosus extract (50 mg/kg), isoniazid treatment alone (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneal [i.p.]), and isoniazid-A. racemosus extract (50 mg/kg) administered ...
Xu Cheng-Cheng - - 2011
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is overexpressed in a wide variety of cancer types including lung adenocarcinoma (LAC), and the TGF-β signaling pathway plays an important role in tumor development. To determine whether blockade of the TGF-β signaling pathway can inhibit the malignant biological behavior of LAC, RNA interference (RNAi) ...
Lee Byung Cheol - - 2011
Bacterial virulence factors and secreted extracellular proteins from damaged host cells following infection have been recognized as key mediators in the pathophysiological alterations observed in septic shock, and have also been shown to have a synergistic influence on bacterial pathogenicity. We hypothesized that during infections, virulence factors as well as ...
King Anthony J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity of the monocular therapeutic trial of therapy in patients commencing topical glaucoma treatment. DESIGN: Prospective intention-to-treat cohort study of untreated patients presenting with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. PARTICIPANTS: We included 30 treatment-naïve subjects. INTERVENTION: All subjects had 8 visits at which intraocular pressure (IOP) ...
Bettinetti Roberta - - 2011
In the present study, a depth-related distribution of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in sediments of Lake Iseo, one of the major southern Alpine Italian lakes, is reported in order to further test the hypothesis of melting Alpine glaciers as a secondary source of contamination. In a previous paper, a "glacier ...
Solau-Gervais Elisabeth - - 2011
PURPOSE: Rituximab has been shown to be efficient in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when associated with methotrexate (MTX). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response to this treatment in daily practice in the following three specific situations: rheumatoid factor (RF)-negative RA patients, rituximab monotherapy patients ...
Deschner Thomas - - 2011
The surface chemistry of a series of well-defined metalorganic ferrous and ferric iron complexes on periodic mesoporous silica (PMS) was investigated. In addition to literature known Fe(II)[N(SiMe(3))(2)](2)(THF), Fe(II)[N(SiPh(2)Me(2))(2)](2), and Fe(III)[N(SiMe(3))(2)](2)Cl(THF), the new complexes [Fe(II){N(SiHMe(2))(2)}(2)](2) and Fe(III)[N(SiHMe(2))(2)](3)(μ-Cl)Li(THF)(3) were employed as grafting precursors. Selection criteria for the molecular precursors were the molecular ...
Guan Cui-Zhong - - 2011
Stereoisomerism is a fundamental chemistry issue and has been intensively investigated due to its importance in organic chemistry, biology, and pharmacology. Molecules with freely-rotatable single bonds have many interconvertable conformers. Herein, we report the surface adsorption induced conformer resolution by employing azobenzene-3,3-dicarboxylic acid (ADA-33) as a model compound. Two linear ...
Cheng Jiujun - - 2011
We report expression and mutant phenotypes for a gene cluster in Sinorhizobium meliloti, designated cbtJKL, that has been shown to encode an ABC-type cobalt transport system. Transcription of cbtJKL initiated 384 nucleotides upstream from the cbtJ translation start codon, and the resulting 5' region contained a putative B(12)riboswitch. Expression of ...
Leu Yann-Lii - - 2011
Forty years ago, Coulter and Talalay (A. W. Coulter and P. Talalay, J. Biol. Chem. 243:3238-3247, 1968) established the oxygenase-dependent pathway for the degradation of testosterone by aerobes. The oxic testosterone catabolic pathway involves several oxygen-dependent reactions and is not available for anaerobes. Since then, a variety of anaerobic bacteria ...
Bobrow Robert S - - 2011
Recently described social network phenomena show that emotionally connected people come to share certain traits, including obesity, happiness, and loneliness. These do not appear to be mediated by face-to-face contact. Other examples of groups with a common connection that act in unison are mass hysteria, menstrual synchrony, and the ability ...
Streit Jonathan J - - 2012
Painful scapular winging due to chronic long thoracic nerve (LTN) palsy is a relatively rare disorder that can be difficult to treat. Pectoralis major tendon (PMT) transfer has been shown to be effective in relieving pain, improving cosmesis, and restoring function. However, the available body of literature consists of few, ...
Samplaski Mary K - - 2011
Folate hydrolase (prostate-specific antigen) 1 (FH(PSA)1), also known as prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), is a transmembrane receptor expressed on prostate cancer cells that correlates with a more aggressive phenotype. Recent studies have demonstrated FH(PSA)1 expression in numerous benign and malignant tissue types, as well as the malignant neovasculature. As FH(PSA)1 ...
Thunberg Per - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of velocity measurements in patients with aortic valve stenosis using phase contrast (PC) imaging accelerated with SENSE (Sensitivity Encoding) and k-t BLAST (Broad-use Linear Acquisition Speed-up Technique). METHODS: Accelerated quantitative breath hold PC measurements, using SENSE and k-t BLAST, were performed in twelve patients whose ...
Kim Jung Ho - - 2011
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The term "stress-related mucosal disease" (SRMD) represents conditions ranging from superficial mucosal damage to focal deep mucosal damage in the stomach, of which pathogenesis is deduced to be violent mucosal ischemia or excess oxidative stress, but not fully clarified yet. Under the hypothesis that mucosal cell apoptosis ...
Wyss Thomas R - - 2011
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with high graft-related complication rates during follow-up. Anatomical fit between patient and endograft could be an important factor for successful treatment. Aim was to assess whether extent of thrombus, calcification, angulation, and tortuosity are associated with occurrence of complications after EVAR. Patients in either ...
Walters Matthew P - - 2011
The BCL-6 proto-oncogene encodes a transcriptional repressor protein. Among normal tissues, BCL-6 expression is confined to germinal center B-cells and a subpopulation of T-helper cells. Little is known about BCL-6 expression in mesenchymal tissues. We examined a series of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and other mesenchymal tumors for BCL-6 expression. ...
Miao Yansong - - 2011
Pectins are complex polysaccharides that are essential components of the plant cell wall. In this study, a novel putative Arabidopsis S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferase, termed QUASIMODO 3 (QUA3, At4g00740), has been characterized and it was demonstrated that it is a Golgi-localized, type II integral membrane protein that functions in methylesterification of ...
Barry Adam E - - 2011
Report on the development and psychometric testing of a theoretically and evidence-grounded instrument, the Characteristics of Responsible Drinking Survey (CHORDS). Instrument subjected to four phases of pretesting (cognitive validity, cognitive and motivational qualities, pilot test, and item evaluation) and a final posttest implementation. Large public university in Texas. Randomly selected ...
Campbell Stephen M - - 2011
Some UK GPs are acquiring access to natriuretic peptide (NP) testing or echocardiography as diagnostic tests for heart failure. This study developed appropriateness ratings for the diagnostic application of these tests in routine general practice. To develop appropriateness ratings for the diagnostic application of NP testing or echocardiography for heart ...
Tasiemski Tomasz - - 2011
This study examined interrelationships among athletic identity, sport participation, and psychological adjustment in a sample of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Participants (N = 1,034) completed measures of athletic identity, life satisfaction, anxiety, depression, and demographic and sport participation variables. Current amount of weekly sport participation was positively related ...
Seruya Mitchel - - 2011
Object Patients with delayed presentation of isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS) pose unique surgical challenges. Intracranial hypertension can be missed in the absence of overt findings. Here, an algorithm is presented for the elucidation of intracranial hypertension and approaches to surgical treatment during calvarial reconstruction. Methods Patients with delayed presentation (age ...
De Leersnyder Hélène - - 2011
Previous studies demonstrated the efficacy and safety of prolonged-release melatonin in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental and behavioral disorders. The long-term effectiveness and safety of prolonged-release melatonin treatment were assessed in 88 children (42 girls and 46 boys) with neurodevelopmental disorders. These patients participated in a compassionate-use program with the ...
Lennox Robert - - 2011
We present an experimental investigation of a multicontact semiconductor optical amplifier. This first-generation device allows for direct control of the carrier density profile along the length of the waveguide. This is used to control the device noise figure, with a minimum value of 5 dB observed at a gain of 15 dB ...
Lewis Amanda L - - 2011
Nonulosonic acids (NulOs) encompass a large group of structurally diverse nine-carbon backbone α-keto sugars widely distributed among the three domains of life. Mammals express a specialized version of NulOs called sialic acids, which are displayed in prominent terminal positions of cell surface and secreted glycoconjugates. Within bacteria, the ability to ...
Sharma Neelom N Psychological Medicine Research, Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2012
Although it is increasingly recognized that cancer patients often have sleep problems, we lack data on their prevalence and associations in representative clinical populations. We aimed to determine (i) the prevalence of sleep problems amongst outpatients of a cancer centre and (ii) the association with medical variables, emotional distress and ...
Knechtle Beat - - 2011
We evaluated the change in body mass including fat mass and skeletal muscle mass in one ultracyclist whilst cycling 1,000 km in 48 hours at a constant intensity of ∼48% VO(2)max, corresponding to a heart rate frequency of ∼105 ± 5 bpm. A 1 kg fat mass decrease resulted, with ...
Yang Xiaofeng - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ponceau 4R and tartrazine have been widely used in foodstuffs. However, they are pathogenic if they are excessively consumed. Therefore, the detection of Ponceat 4R and tartrazine is quite important. RESULTS: A sensitive and rapid electrochemical method was developed for the simultaneous detection of Ponceat 4R and tartrazine using ...
Eshraghy Bahram - - 2011
Purpose. To assess the effect of mitomycin C on surgical success rate of dacryocystorhinostomy and silicone intubation in patients with improper flaps. Methods. The study was a randomized clinical trial. The patients with indication for dacryocystorhinostomy surgery with silicone intubation (inappropriate lacrimal sac or nasal mucosal flaps during surgery and/or ...
Chalhoub E - - 2011
Anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been traditionally treated by erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and/or iron following manual determination of dose. We hypothesized that once-monthly (QM) algorithmically dosed darbepoetin α (DA) and iron administration would successfully treat anemia of CKD in ESA-naïve CKD subjects. QM DA and iron doses were ...
Cao Li-Ping - - 2011
We report herein a five-component self-sorted system comprising molecular clips that form heterodimers 1·4 and 8·11, and homodimer 14·14 in C(6)D(5)CD(3)/CDCl(3). The three component self-sorting mixture comprising 1·1, 8·8, and 14·14 undergoes triggered reassembly self-sorting upon addition of 4·4 and 11·11.
Martí de Gracia M - - 2011
The wide availability, speed, safety, and diagnostic accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) make it the first-line diagnostic tool in the study of acute bleeding of the lower digestive tract. The use of MDCT after the initial stabilization of the patient makes it possible to identify active bleeding and to ...
Cabral Danielle D The Cleo Roberts Center for Clinical Research, Banner-Sun Health Research Institute, Sun City, AZ, - - 2011
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is considered to be potentially treatable with the placement of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt. However, the procedure has been reported to have variable success, particularly with respect to improving the cognitive impairment in NPH. The presence of neurologic comorbidities, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD), may contribute ...
Janicki Patricia - - 2011
Reconstruction of large bone defects or non-unions resulting from biochemical disorders, tumour resections or complicated fractures is still a challenge for orthopaedic and trauma surgery. On the one hand, autografts harbour most features of ideal bone graft substitutes but on the other hand, they have a lot insurmountable disadvantages. An ...
Grieser Christian - - 2011
To evaluate the accuracy of 64-row-multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with different slice thickness (0.625 vs. 1.25 mm) in assessing the cerebellar arteries. A total of 21 consecutive patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the cervicocranial arteries (64-row MDCT; slice thickness, 0.625 mm) because of suspicion of cerebral ischemia ...
Casey Donald E DE - - 2011
Hospitals have experienced increasing requirements for public reporting of various infection rates using clinical and administrative data. Until recently, such reports have not included analysis of "present on admission" (POA), an indicator designed to assess whether such infections are hospital acquired. The authors evaluated the frequency of the POA coding ...
Woodruff David R - - 2011
We analyzed concentrations of starch, sucrose, glucose and fructose in upper branch wood, foliage and trunk sapwood of Douglas-fir trees in height classes ranging from ∼ 2 to ∼ 57 m. Mean concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC) for all tissues were highest in the tallest height class and lowest in ...
Hollow M R - - 2011
Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is known to be attenuated by inspiration and all the original BRS methodologies took this into account by measuring only in expiration. Spontaneous sequence analysis (SSA) is a non-invasive clinical tool widely used to estimate BRS in Man but does not take breathing into account. We have ...
Kling Rakel N - - 2011
Background Occupational noise might increase the risk of workplace injury through a variety of mechanisms, including interference with communication and increased stress. Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of chronic noise exposure on serious workplace injury, and how the timing of exposure influenced risk. Methods ...
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