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Alarcón José Antonio - - 2011
Although chincups are the preferred treatment for growing children with mandibular prognathism, the mechanism by which chincups improve this condition remains unclear. The aim of this study was to use geometric morphometrics to evaluate changes in the shape of the mandible of prognathic children treated with a chincup. Geometric morphometrics ...
Leroy E M - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; 17: 964-976 ABSTRACT: Ebola and Marburg viruses are the only members of the Filoviridae family (order Mononegavirales), a group of viruses characterized by a linear, non-segmented, single-strand negative RNA genome. They are among the most virulent pathogens for humans and great apes, causing acute haemorrhagic fever ...
Thiem Ulrich - - 2011
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common infectious disease that still causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Elderly people are frequently affected, and several issues related to care of this condition in the elderly have to be considered. This article reviews current recommendations of guidelines with a special focus on aspects of ...
Gu Peng-Cheng - - 2011
San'ao Decoction (, SAD), as a representative Chinese medicine (CM) formula, was chosen to evaluate the effect of airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) enhanced asthma model. The asthma model was reproduced in the Balb/C mice sensitized by ovalbumin (OVA), challenged by OVA and LPS. After Balb/C mice's ...
Clough Benjamin - - 2011
We demonstrate terahertz wave generation and detection capabilities up to 6 THz without the need for solid state materials, biased electrodes, or forward propagating signal collection. An "all air-plasma" terahertz system is used to encode explosive material resonant signatures into the 357 nm nitrogen fluorescence line of a bichromatic field-induced laser plasma ...
Dubrouil A - - 2011
We demonstrate controlled high-order harmonic generation in gas using high-energy femtosecond pulses (50 fs-50 mJ on target) by performing spatial shaping of the terrawatt fundamental laser beam. We have developed a two optical paths mirror that can withstand high power and shape the pump beam into a quasi-flat-top profile (super Gaussian) near ...
Fessler Andrea T - - 2011
During a survey of fresh chicken and turkey meat as well as chicken and turkey meat products for the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates in Germany, 32 (37.2%) of 86 samples were MRSA positive. Twenty-eight of these MRSA isolates belonged to clonal complex 398 (CC398), which is widespread ...
Xiao Jian - - 2011
An overview of reactive gold α-oxo carbenoid intermediates in the gold-catalyzed functionalization of alkynes is presented. Such intermediates can be generated from inter- and intramolecular oxidation of alkynes by nucleophilic oxygen-atom donor groups, such as amine N-oxides, pyridine N-oxides, nitrones, nitro compounds, sulfoxides, and epoxides. These O-atom transfer processes occur ...
Chohan Saima - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Allopurinol, a purine base analog inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity, remains the standard for pharmacologic urate-lowering management of gout. Allopurinol is efficacious and safe in most patients, but intolerance is estimated to occur in up to 10% of treated patients. Severe or life-threatening allopurinol adverse reactions (AE) occur ...
Ahmad St - - 2011
Cisplatin (CP) is a well-known chemotherapeutic drug that displays dose-limiting nephrotoxicity. In this study, tannic acid (TA), a naturally occurring plant polyphenol, was evaluated for its antioxidant and antigenotoxicity potential against the CP-induced renal oxidative stress and genotoxicity in Swiss albino mice. The mice were given a prophylactic treatment of ...
Foletti Alberto - - 2011
Abstract Background: Jaques Benveniste suggested that electronic transmission of 4-phorbol-12-b-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) activity, carried out using a simple amplifier configured to function as an oscillator when coupled to two electromagnetic coils, demonstrates the same chemical activity as the active molecule. The results obtained suggested that there are associated signals at the ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2011
The majority of patients affected by chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are expected to obtain a favorable outcome with standard-dose imatinib. However, a third of patients do not achieve the desired effect and must be considered resistant. One of the early strategies to overcome initial resistance was the use of high ...
Prasad Anand - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factor associations for subclavian artery calcification. Arterial calcification is a marker of atherosclerosis, and its presence portends an adverse prognostic risk. The prevalence and associated risk factors for aortic arch, carotid, renal, and coronary calcification have been ...
Mann J F E - - 2011
Frequent dosing and requirements for dose adjustments of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) create significant burdens for healthcare providers and have been associated with hemoglobin (Hb) cycling, hampering maintenance of target Hb levels. We compared the frequency of dose changes in dialysis patients who received methoxy polyethylene glycolepoetin beta; (a continuous erythropoietin ...
Rao Guo-Zhou - - 2011
AIM: Design and synthesis complementary DNA sequences of 3 pairs of short hairpin structure and a pair of negative control sequence by RNA interference technique and construct and identify a lentiviral interference vector with human BIRC5 gene as target gene. METHODS: The designed and synthesised Single-Stranded primer were annealed to ...
Jia Lian-Qun - - 2011
AIM: To observe the influence of tanshinone II A on the expression of toll like receptor 4(TLR4) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in cultured human umbilical veins endothelial cells EA.hy926 induced by LPS, and to investigate the molecular mechanism of tanshinone II A against atherosclerosis(AS). METHODS: The EA.hy926 cells were cultured ...
Nomura Kotohiro - - 2011
Various half-sandwich titanium complexes containing iminoimidazolidide ligands, CpTiCl(2)[1,3-R(2)(CH(2)N)(2)C[double bond, length as m-dash]N] (1a-d) [R = Ph (a), 2,6-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (b), cyclohexyl (c), (t)Bu (d)], have been employed as the catalyst precursors for ethylene polymerisation, syndiospecific styrene polymerisation, and copolymerisation of ethylene with 1-hexene in the presence of MAO cocatalyst; 1d showed ...
Sato Hiromasa - - 2011
We report two patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with isolated oculomotor nerve palsy. This was the initial manifestation of lymphoma in one patient but in a second, the palsy appeared as a part of a generalized recurrence of lymphoma. In addition, we reviewed the clinical findings of 12 previously ...
Aoyama Satoshi - - 2011
We characterized a spontaneous dwarf mutant showing extremely short internodes and dark green leaves originating from azuki bean (Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi) cultivar "Erimo-shouzu." F(1) plants of 3 cross combinations between the dwarf mutant and several representative wild-type plants, Erimo-shouzu, V. angularis accession Acc2265 and wild relative V. ...
Carraretto Antônio Roberto AR Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Hospital Universitário CassianoAntônio Moraes, - - 2011
Glass ampoules have been widely used in packaging injection drugs. Glass has important characteristics that allow it to be widely used in fabrication of recipients for drugs and other sterile substances. However, contamination of solutions with glass microparticles on breaking open glass ampoules, the presence of metals, percutaneous injury, and ...
Heck Jayme da Rocha Jda R Serviço de Anestesiologia of Hospital São Lucas, PUCRS, Porto Alegro, - - 2011
Difficult airway management in thoracic surgeries is a peculiar subject due to the demands of monopulmonary ventilation with double-lumen tubes. Flexible bronchoscopy guidance is extremely important, but it is not always available. The objective of this report was to describe a case of retrograde selective orotracheal intubation in the absence ...
Mikhaylova Marina - - 2011
In recent years substantial progress has been made towards an understanding of the physiological function of EF-hand calcium sensor proteins of the Calmodulin superfamily in neurons. This deeper appreciation is based on the identification of novel target interactions, structural studies and the discovery of novel signalling mechanisms in protein trafficking ...
Bian Weiguo - - 2011
Being a multi-etiological factors disease, osteonecrosis of the femoral head affects many young people, leading to the collapse of the femur head; eventually the hip arthroplasty is needed if not treated in time. Unfortunately, as yet, no satisfactory therapy to repair necrotic bone at an early stage is present. Novel ...
Witzig Thomas E - - 2011
A phase 2 study of the oral farnesyltransferase inhibitor tipifarnib was conducted in 93 adult patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma. Patients received tipifarnib 300 mg twice daily on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. The median number of prior therapies was 5 (range, 1-17). For the aggressive B-cell, indolent ...
Estrabaud Emilie - - 2011
Autophagy, a process for catabolizing cytoplasmic components, has been implicated in the modulation of interactions between RNA viruses and their host. However, the mechanism underlying the functional role of autophagy in the viral life cycle still remains unclear. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded, positive-sense, membrane-enveloped RNA virus that ...
Sarowar Sujon - - 2011
To identify genes involved in the response to the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora in apple (Malus×domestica), expression profiles were investigated using an apple oligo (70-mer) array representing 40, 000 genes. Blossoms of a fire blight-susceptible apple cultivar Gala were collected from trees growing in the orchard, placed on a ...
Gelabert Hugh A - - 2011
Thrombosis and embolization are the most frequent complications associated with the vascular presentation of thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS). Therefore, surgery for these conditions requires careful balancing of anticoagulation and hemostasis. Our goal is to identify the optimal postoperative anticoagulation management of these patients. A prospective database of consecutive patients who ...
Ihlemann Nikolaj - - 2011
Mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is the secondmost frequent valve disease in Europe. Untreated MR causes considerable morbidity and mortality. In the elderly, as many as half of these patients are denied surgery because of an estimated high surgical risk. Percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system resembles the Alfieristitch ...
Lloret Santiago Perez - - 2011
Pramipexole is a nonergolinic dopamine agonist, with high affinity for the D2 subfamily of dopamine receptors. Pramipexole is efficacious for the symptomatic treatment of early Parkinson's Disease (PD) and its early use, before that of levodopa can delay the emergence of levodopa-related motor complication. Dosage should be increased gradually from ...
Forbes Jonathan A - - 2011
Pediatric cerebellar astrocytomas with pilomyxoid features include classic pilomyxoid astrocytomas (PMAs) and intermediate pilomyxoid tumors (IPTs). Since the original description of PMA in 1999, most reports in the literature have described PMAs arising from the hypothalamic/chiasmatic region. To the authors' knowledge, PMAs arising from the posterior fossa have not been ...
Chu Song-Ling - - 2011
To explore the regulative efficacy of Pu'er tea () extract on metabolic syndrome. Ninety patients with metabolic syndrome were randomly divided into two groups, the intervention group administered with Pu'er tea extract, and the placebo group with placebo capsules. After 3 months' treatment, body mass index, waist hip ratio, blood ...
Liang Yun - - 2011
The cytotoxic effect of berbamine on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell line KU812 was evaluated, and the mechanisms of its action were explored. The effect of berbamine on the KU812 cell growth was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry was used to profile cell cycle alteration upon ...
Vannoy Steven D - - 2011
Integration of general medical and mental health services is a growing priority for safety-net providers. The authors describe a project that established a one-year learning collaborative focused on integration of services between community health centers (CHCs) and community mental health centers (CMHCs). Specific targets were treatment for general medical and ...
Kwasny Michal - - 2011
We investigate the attractive interaction between spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals with a tunable nonlinearity and a constant nonlocality. The experimental study, carried out by controlling the orientation of the optic axis via the electro-optic response, shows how the interactions depend on reorientation, in excellent agreement with a model ...
Peynircioglu Bora - - 2011
Endovascular treatment options have evolved in many ways and become an important alternative for open surgical repairs in various vascular territories. Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old man with complex injury to the left subclavian artery and vein caused by a gunshot 4 months ago. After the gunshot, ...
Khanna Dinesh D Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Lobby M, Suite 2500, SPC 5753, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA. - - 2011
To provide minimally important difference (MID) estimates for the UCLA Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Tract 2.0 (UCLA SCTC GIT 2.0) in a longitudinal observational cohort. We administered the UCLA SCTC GIT 2.0 to 115 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) at 2 timepoints 6 months apart. The UCLA SCTC GIT ...
Baccar Rim - - 2011
The relationship between Septoria tritici, a splash-dispersed disease, and its host is complex because of the interactions between the dynamic plant architecture and the vertical progress of the disease. The aim of this study was to test the capacity of a coupled virtual wheat-Septoria tritici epidemic model (Septo3D) to simulate ...
Cao Yu-Ping - - 2011
Many attempts have been made to develop in vitro sensitization tests that employ dendritic cells (DCs), DC-like cell lines or keratinocytes. The aim of the present investigation was to establish a co-culture of THP-1 cells and keratinocytes for evaluation of skin sensitization potential of chemicals. Co-cultures were constructed by THP-1 ...
Rodgers Steven F - - 2011
PURPOSE: This follow-up study provides an additional 7 years of data (December 2001 through November 2008) pertaining to complications that occurred in patients who received intravenous sedation in the practice of a single board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Together with the previously published 7 years of data (December 1994 through ...
Watanabe Masami - - 2011
The two-step transcriptional amplification (TSTA) system was previously reported to enhance the tissue-specific gene expression driven by weak promoters, but the enhancement of the gene expression is limited to use in in vitro and in vivo experimental situations. To achieve robust tissue-specific gene expression using the TSTA system, we developed an advanced ...
Choi Dae-Han - - 2011
Intensive efforts to improve vaccines against cancer are currently outgoing. Mucin 1 (Muc1) is a tumor-specific antigen that is overexpressed and heavily glycosylated in a variety of adenocarcinomas. In the present study, the efficacy of an anticancer DNA vaccination strategy was demonstrated using Muc1 fusion vaccines. To enhance antigen presentation ...
Dhir Bhupinder - - 2011
Salvinia possess inherent capacity to accumulate high levels of various heavy metals. Accumulation of Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Pb and Cd ranged between 6 and 9mgg(-1)dry wt., while accumulation of Co, Zn and Mn was ∼4mgg(-1)dry wt. Heavy metal accumulation affected the physiological status of plants. Photosystem II activity noted ...
Remoundaki E - - 2011
The influence of Saharan dust on the air quality of Southern European big cities became a priority during the last decade. The present study reports results on PM(10) monitored at an urban site at 14m above ground level during an intense Saharan dust transport event. The elemental composition was determined ...
Rogers David M - - 2011
Ion binding is known to affect the properties of biomolecules and is directly involved in many biochemical pathways. Because of the highly polar environments where ions are found, a quantum-mechanical treatment is preferable for understanding the energetics of competitive ion binding. Due to computational cost, a quantum mechanical treatment may ...
Nordman Jared - - 2011
Escherichia coli nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase mutants have an increased frequency of spontaneous mutation, possibly due to uracil misincorporation into DNA. Here we show that NDP kinase mutants are dependent on translesion DNA synthesis, often a mutagenic form of DNA synthesis, to prevent mutagenesis.
Luo Deyan D Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY 12983, - - 2011
Septic infections dysregulate hemostatic pathways, prompting coagulopathy. Nevertheless, anticoagulant therapies typically fail to protect humans from septic pathology. The data reported in this work may help to explain this discrepancy by demonstrating critical protective roles for coagulation leading to fibrin deposition during host defense against the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia enterocolitica. ...
Herijoelison Andry Roussel - - 2011
The solitary intraperitoneal fibrous tumor is a rare lesion, almost exclusively benign. We report on three cases with different ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings, related to the fibrous and/or cellular histological composition of the tumor. Because of the minimal, but real, possibility of a recurrence after the ...
Orion Kristine C - - 2011
A 56-year-old man with a family history of aortic aneurysm underwent routine repair in 2003. A postoperative computed tomography scan showed a 6-cm perigraft hygroma. Sudden onset of abdominal pain 12 months later revealed a larger hygroma, with an additional anterior fluid collection suggestive of contained rupture. The bilobed hygroma ...
Bluteau Dominique - - 2011
RUNX1 encodes a DNA binding α-subunit of the core binding factor, a heterodimeric transcription factor. RUNX1 is a master regulatory gene in hematopoiesis and its disruption is one of the most common aberrations in acute leukemia. Inactivating or dominant-negative mutations in the RUNX1 gene have been also identified in pedigrees ...
Hanlon-Pena Patricia M - - 2011
Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation is the most widely used therapy for support of a compromised left ventricle. The principles of counterpulsation were developed in the 1950s, and intra-aortic balloon pumps have been used for more than 40 years. Despite this long-standing clinical use, many of the timing practices have continued almost ...
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