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Results 451 - 500 of 3980
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Ou Xiawei - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Macrostructural abnormalities in cerebral white matter in patients with myelomeningocele are well known, but microstructural abnormalities are not as well studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cerebral white matter in adolescents with myelomeningocele using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and to investigate the effects of ventricular ...
Mise Naobumi - - 2011
We report the case of a 53-year-old hemodialysis patient with severe aortic stenosis, who developed acute systemic hypoperfusion after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) construction. He presented with hypotension and repeated syncope soon after distal radiocephalic AVF construction, and finally developed a respiratory arrest. His blood pressure and hemodynamics recovered promptly by ...
Richeri Analía - - 2011
Current evidence indicates that rises in systemic levels of estrogen create in the uterus an inhibitory environment for sympathetic nerves. However, molecular insights of these changes are far from complete. We evaluated if semaphorin 3F mRNA, a sympathetic nerve repellent, was produced by the rat uterus and if its expression ...
Li Jie - - 2011
HSulf-1 gene encodes an extracellular 6-O-endosulfatase and regulates the sulfation status of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). We have demonstrated that promoter hypermethylation correlates with the HSulf-1 silencing in gastric cancer. To investigate the functional importance of the HSulf-1 silencing in gastric cancer, we restored the HSulf-1 expression in gastric cancer ...
Li Guohua - - 2011
Background:  Case reports have linked malignant hyperthermia (MH) to several genetic diseases. Objective/aim:  The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess excess comorbidities associated with MH diagnosis in pediatric hospital discharge records. Patients and methods:  Data for this study came from the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for the years ...
Zhong Fangfang - - 2011
Human soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), a critical heme-containing enzyme in the NO-signaling pathway of eukaryotes, is an αβ heterodimeric hemoprotein. Upon the binding of NO to the heme, sGC catalyzes the conversion of GTP to cyclic GMP, playing a crucial role in many physiological processes. However, the specific contribution of ...
Toh V V - - 2011
In the ageing female population, recurrent vaginal vault prolapse is a significant healthcare burden. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal management strategy for recurrent vault prolapse. This paper aims to discuss treatment modalities available for recurrent vault prolapse. A literature search and analysis was performed using Medline, PubMed, Cochrane ...
Khudair Imran F - - 2011
Objective To evaluate the impact of a multi-approach strategy to improve the appropriate usage of acid suppressive medication (ASM) in medical inpatients and compare it with the baseline data from 2007. Setting Five general medicine wards in a 600-bed teaching hospital in Doha, Qatar. Method A prospective evaluation of the ...
Nriagu Jerome - - 2011
This study explored the hypothesis that acculturation is a risk factor for childhood lead poisoning in the Detroit area of Michigan. Blood lead levels (BLLs) were determined in 429 Arab American and African American children, aged 6 months to 15 years, who were receiving well-child examination in three Women, Infant, and Children ...
Rodini Carolina Oliveira - - 2011
Aberrant expression of stem cell-related genes in tumors may confer more primitive and aggressive traits affecting clinical outcome. Here, we investigated expression and prognostic value of the neural stem cell marker CD133, as well as of the pluripotency genes LIN28 and OCT4 in 37 samples of pediatric medulloblastoma, the most ...
Arai Takahide - - 2011
A conus artery is sometimes a good collateral source for the left anterior descending coronary artery and the right coronary artery (RCA). In some cases, the conus artery arises independently of the RCA from a separate orifice, which is called an isolated conus artery. The conus artery is often missed ...
Wakabayashi Hiroshi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether a (131)I double-phase whole body scan (WBS) and SPECT-CT images have added value over a single-phase WBS image in identifying benign and malignant lesions in patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) at their first radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment. METHODS: This study included 42 ...
Geneid Ahmed - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate if there were objective quantities extracted from the speech pressure waveforms that underlay inaudible changes in the symptoms of the vocal organ. This was done through analyzing 180 voice samples obtained from nine subjects (five females and four males) before and after ...
Watson G J - - 2011
Case study. The origin of sulcus vocalis is debatable, it may arise from a congenital or acquired cyst that ruptures leaving a sulcus attached to the deep layer of the lamina propria. This has been hypothesized but never shown before. In this article, we present the first videographic documentation of ...
Yamashita Shinji - - 2011
Gangliogliomas are rare tumors of the central nervous system, usually containing neoplastic ganglion cells and astrocytic components. Few cases of ganglioglioma containing only oligodendrocytic tissue have been reported to date. We present a case of a 40-year-old woman with ganglioglioma consisting mostly of oligodendroglial components. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a ...
Al-Shieban Saeed - - 2011
Haematogones are normal, maturing B-cell precursors. They can be confused with neoplastic immature lymphoid cells of B lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma or B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL). Though multi-colour flow-cytometry strategies for distinguishing haematogones from cells of B-ALL are well-described, similar strategies have not been determined for bone marrow trephine biopsies (BMTB). ...
Cebula Katie R - - 2011
Psychosocial adjustment in siblings of children with autism whose families were using a home-based, applied behavior analysis (ABA) program was compared to that of siblings in families who were not using any intensive autism intervention. Data gathered from parents, siblings and teachers indicated that siblings in ABA families experienced neither ...
Nilsson Kerstin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors within nine identified areas that influence why some older workers want to (or believe they can) work until age 65 years or beyond, whereas others leave the workforce earlier. METHODS: The questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study included 1792 respondents aged 55-64 years, ...
Kovács Arpád - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to examine the potential benefits of integrating functional MRI (fMRI) information into the 3D-based planning process for central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. Between 01.01.2008 and 01.12.2009, ten patients with astrocytoma (both low and high-grade histological type) were enrolled in this study. Before the planning ...
Quigley Neil B - - 2011
High-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence rates, as determined by the Cervista(®) HPV HR test, in women aged ≥30 years in a routine screening population have not been studied. The primary objective of this study was to estimate HR HPV prevalence in women negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) ...
Mossetti Valeria - - 2011
Regional anesthesia in children has reached in the last decades a widespread approval and today is a valid and effective technique used in the daily activity in many pediatric centres. Data from surveys and studies show the very low rate of complications and suggest that the use of regional techniques ...
Knaapila Antti - - 2011
Androstenone (5α-androst-16-en-3-one) and other androstenes, body odor components occurring in apocrine secretions, may play a role in human chemosignaling. We hypothesized that the odor of androstenone may gain hedonic value from sexual intercourse experiences via associative learning. Young adults (N = 397, 61.5% women, age 21-24 years, randomly sampled regarding sexual experience) rated ...
Hiranuma Yojiro - - 2011
We investigated solvation structures of I- on and below a surface of an aqueous solution by photodetachment spectroscopy. An aqueous solution of an alkali halide was introduced into the vacuum as a continuous liquid flow (liquid beam), and the liquid beam was irradiated with a UV laser pulse. The intensity ...
Azevedo Elma Heitmann Mares - - 2012
To evaluate and correlate voice-specific quality of life (QOL) and health-related QOL (HR-QOL) after treatment for advanced cancer of the larynx and/or hypopharynx. Cross-sectional study. Patients submitted to partial laryngectomy (PL), salvage PL (sPL), concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy (RT+Chemo), total laryngectomy (TL), salvage TL (sTL), total pharyngolaryngectomy (TP) and salvage ...
Chen Tian-Jiao - - 2011
Aim:  To study socio-demographic patterns of obesity in Chinese children and adolescents. Methods:  Data came from the 2005 cycle of the Chinese National Survey on Student's Constitution and Health. In all, 231,326 subjects aged 7-18 years, distributed across 622 schools and 30 provinces, were analyzed. Multilevel modeling was used to ...
Green Martin S - - 2011
The last guidelines on training for adult cardiac electrophysiology (EP) were published by the Canadian Cardiovascular Society in 1996. Since then, substantial changes in the knowledge and practice of EP have mandated a review of the previous guidelines by the Canadian Heart Rhythm Society, an affiliate of the Canadian Cardiovascular ...
Macri Elisa V - - 2011
BACKGROUND: High-fat diets are usually associated with greater weight (W) gain and body fat (BF). However, it is still unclear whether the type and amount of fat consumed influence BF. Additionally, dietary fat intake may also have consequences on skeletal health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in healthy growing rats the effects ...
Ben-Hadj-Khalifa Sonia - - 2011
In addition to its established immuno-regulating capacity, the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 exerts direct effects on coagulation. IL-10 down regulates the expression of tissue factor (TF) and thrombin generation (TG). Thus, we hypothesised that IL-10 could enhance the effect of anticoagulants. To evaluate in vitro the potential additive effect of ...
Geisler Tobias - - 2011
PURPOSE: Platelet-derived stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) plays an important role in trafficking hematopoetic progenitor cells for tissue regeneration and neovascularisation. The aim was to evaluate platelet-SDF-1 and CD34(+) progenitor cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared with hemodynamic function and infarct size using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic ...
Malkoun Nadia - - 2011
We report retrospective data on the feasibility and efficacy of prolonging adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) more than 6 months after chemoradiotherapy completion in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). Molecular prognostic factors were assessed. Data from 46 patients were reviewed. Patients received postoperative irradiation, 60 Gy in 30 fractions, combined with concurrent TMZ, 75 mg/m(2). Four ...
James Danelle F - - 2011
Rituximab (Rituxan®; iogen Idec, San Diego, CA, USA) is a human-mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody specific for CD20, a surface glycoprotein expressed on B lymphocytes. Administration of rituximab as a single agent to patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has limited clinical activity, but generally does not eradicate leukemia from the ...
Jovic Goran - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of surgical conditions in developing countries is not well studied, but plastic and reconstructive surgery can play a significant role in meeting the need for surgical care. Knowledge of the conditions treated by a plastic surgeon in a low-income country would inform the development of surgical services. ...
Vaish Vivek - - 2011
According to "fluid-mosaic model," plasma membrane is a bilayer constituted by phospholipids which regulates the various cellular activities governed by many proteins and enzymes. Any chemical, biochemical, or physical factor has to interact with the bilayer in order to regulate the cellular metabolism where various physicochemical properties of membrane, i.e., ...
Kilminster Tanya F - - 2011
The reproductive performance of 48 Damara, 42 Dorper and 46 Merino ewes was evaluated under an optimum nutritional regime for Merino ewes that included one annual joining in a mixed (cropping and sheep) farming system in the eastern wheatbelt of Western Australia (W.A.) over a 3-year period. In 2005, when ...
Patil Anand G - - 2011
Although quinidine has been recommended as a probe substrate for the P-gp inhibition assay using Caco-2 cell monolayer, it has not been studied widely in the in vitro system. In the present investigation, in vitro permeability studies using Caco-2 cell monolayer were carried out in order to optimize and validate ...
Woodrow Pasqualina - - 2011
Long terminal repeat (LTR)-retrotransposons are mobile genetic elements that are ubiquitous in plants and constitute a major portion of their nuclear genomes. LTR- retrotransposons possess unique properties that make them appropriate for investigating relationships between populations, varieties and closely related species. Myrtus communis L. is an evergreen shrub growing spontaneously ...
Komban Rajesh - - 2011
'Quat-primer polymers' bearing cationic groups were investigated as a surface modifier for terbium (Tb) doped cerium phosphate (CePO4) green emitting fluorescent nanorods (NRs). The NRs were synthesized by a microwave process without using any complex agents or ligands and were characterized with different analytical tools such as XRD, TEM and ...
Ozaki Isamu - - 2011
A brief review of previous studies is presented on high frequency oscillations (HFOs)>300 Hz overlying the cortical response in the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) or magnetic field (SEF) in humans as well as other mammals. The characteristics of somatosensory HFOs are described about reproducibility and origin (area 3b and 1) ...
Aslan M - - 2011
Association of some neurotropic viruses like Borna Disease virus and Herpes virus with schizophrenia is better explained. However, the role of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in schizophrenia is not well documented. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate possible association between schizophrenia and presence of antibodies and WNV RNA ...
Keusgen Michael - - 2011
Marasmin, which is especially known from the two South African species Tulbaghia alliacea and Tulbaghia violacea, but was also described for the garlic mushroom Marasmius alliaceus, is the precursor of the thiosulfinate marasmicin. Marasmicin has attracted considerable attention because of its antifungal and tuberculostatic activity. However, many Allium species of ...
Mattsson Sören - - 2011
New imaging technologies utilising X rays and radiopharmaceuticals are continuously under development. The benefit of computed tomography (CT) has been so dramatic that there is a tendency to overuse it and not to place enough efforts into optimisation of the technique. It is also now more and more common to ...
Guha Indra Neil IN - - 2011
Non-invasive biomarkers of liver fibrosis represent an intense area of research with the goals of improving patient care, disease stratification and aiding the development of future anti-fibrotic therapies. Despite the rapid progress in recent years there remain questions about how diagnostic studies are designed, statistical methods to account for spectrum ...
Akahane Manabu - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The constructs of mesenchymal stem cells and ceramics form bone tissue after implantation. Therefore, the constructs can include cultured bone (tissue-engineered bone) as bone grafts. However, the selection of constructs, prior to implantation, with high osteogenic potential is still difficult. We used a rat model to measure ...
Lehtokari Vilma-Lotta - - 2011
Mutations in the nebulin gene are the main cause of autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy, with clinical presentations ranging from mild to severe disease. We have previously reported a nonspecific distal myopathy caused by homozygous missense mutations in the nebulin gene in six Finnish patients from four different families. Here we ...
Inoue Hiroshi - - 2011
Context:  To date, approximately 35 different POU1F1 mutations have been described in patients with familial and sporadic combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) from different ethnic backgrounds. The majority are missense mutations clustered within the conserved POU-specific and POU-homeo domains, encoded by exons 4 and 6, respectively. Objectives:  This study aimed ...
Marchesi A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Aesthetic surgery procedures are increasing all over the world, and so are related medicolegal questions and litigation cases. Aesthetic mammaplasties represent a very important part of this field and consequently many cases of error appear. Most of these errors lead to litigation from which plastic surgeons rarely can be ...
Alzahrani Mohammed A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Metastasis to the pancreas (PM) is uncommon. Several types of cancers were reported to metastasize to the pancreas. Surgery is advocated in selected patients when technically feasible and if the patient can be rendered disease free. METHODS: A retrospective review of PM patients at the University of Cincinnati Pancreas ...
Song Liang - - 2011
Increased expression of DNA repair genes contributes to the extreme resistance shown by melanoma to conventional DNA-damaging chemotherapeutics. One such chemotherapeutic effective against a range of other cancers, but not melanoma, is cisplatin. The DNA repair protein, ERCC1, is needed to remove cisplatin-induced DNA damage. We have shown that ERCC1 ...
van Anders Sari M - - 2011
Hormones, and hormone responses to social contexts, are the proximate mechanisms of evolutionary pathways to pair bonds and other social bonds. Testosterone (T) is implicated in tradeoffs relevant to pair bonding, and oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) are positively tied to social bonding in a variety of species. Here, ...
Balasubramanium Radish Kumar - - 2012
In spite of voice being an important parameter of mate choice, none of the studies have described the acoustic characteristics of the sexually appealing voice. Two hundred adults (100 men and 100 women) in the age range of 18-24 years were asked to narrate a topic, which was recorded directly ...
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