Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3980
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Mendoza Dorinna D DD Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10021, - - 2011
For patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA), aortic size on imaging is widely used to guide clinical decision making. This study examined the impact of methodological variance on aortic quantification. We studied enrollees in the National Registry of Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Cardiovascular Conditions. Aortic size on computed ...
James Danelle F - - 2011
Rituximab (Rituxan®; iogen Idec, San Diego, CA, USA) is a human-mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody specific for CD20, a surface glycoprotein expressed on B lymphocytes. Administration of rituximab as a single agent to patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has limited clinical activity, but generally does not eradicate leukemia from the ...
Jovic Goran - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of surgical conditions in developing countries is not well studied, but plastic and reconstructive surgery can play a significant role in meeting the need for surgical care. Knowledge of the conditions treated by a plastic surgeon in a low-income country would inform the development of surgical services. ...
Vaish Vivek - - 2011
According to "fluid-mosaic model," plasma membrane is a bilayer constituted by phospholipids which regulates the various cellular activities governed by many proteins and enzymes. Any chemical, biochemical, or physical factor has to interact with the bilayer in order to regulate the cellular metabolism where various physicochemical properties of membrane, i.e., ...
Hildreth Ellen C - - 2011
We examined the interaction between motion and stereo cues to depth order along object boundaries. Relative depth was conveyed by a change in the speed of image motion across a boundary (motion parallax), the disappearance of features on a surface moving behind an occluding object (motion occlusion), or a difference ...
Ramakrishna Shivaprakash - - 2011
Control of adhesion is a crucial aspect in the design of microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical devices. To understand the dependence of adhesion on nanometer-scale surface roughness, a roughness gradient has been employed. Monomodal roughness gradients were fabricated by means of silica nanoparticles (diameter ~ 12 nm) to produce substrates with varying ...
Hashem Fahima M - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to formulate and evaluate microemulsion systems for topical delivery of clotrimazole (CTM). The solubility of CTM in various oils was determined to select the oil phase of the microemulsion systems. Pseudoternary phase diagrams were constructed to identify the area of microemulsion existence. Five ...
Toh V V - - 2011
In the ageing female population, recurrent vaginal vault prolapse is a significant healthcare burden. There is limited evidence regarding the optimal management strategy for recurrent vault prolapse. This paper aims to discuss treatment modalities available for recurrent vault prolapse. A literature search and analysis was performed using Medline, PubMed, Cochrane ...
Khudair Imran F - - 2011
Objective To evaluate the impact of a multi-approach strategy to improve the appropriate usage of acid suppressive medication (ASM) in medical inpatients and compare it with the baseline data from 2007. Setting Five general medicine wards in a 600-bed teaching hospital in Doha, Qatar. Method A prospective evaluation of the ...
Harris Rachel C RC Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2011
Previous studies suggest that welders frequently display parkinsonian signs, such as bradykinesia and tremor. Demonstrating that these parkinsonian findings are associated with reductions in quality of life (QoL) or health status could have important repercussions for worker safety and performance. Subjects included 394 active workers exposed to welding fumes and ...
Fernando Hiran C - - 2011
Z4032 was a randomized study conducted by the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group comparing sublobar resection alone versus sublobar resection with brachytherapy for high-risk operable patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This evaluates early impact of adjuvant brachytherapy on pulmonary function tests, dyspnea, and perioperative (30-day) respiratory complications ...
Demirjian Aram - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. It is traditionally difficult to cure, especially when discovered at later stages, making early diagnosis and intervention of paramount importance. HCC typically arises in the background of chronic liver disease and can have various morphologic appearances. One of the ...
Ahn Jeeyun - - 2011
To assess the effects of preoperative and intraoperative intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection on the incidence of postoperative vitreous hemorrhage (VH) after vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. One hundred seven eyes of 91 patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for the management of PDR-related complications were ...
Liu Xiaomeng - - 2011
We study the adsorption of a symmetric triblock copolymer of ethylene oxide, EO, and propylene oxide, PO, end-capped with quarternized poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate), DMAEMA (DMAEMA24-EO132PO50EO132-DMAEMA24). Light scattering and tensiometry are used to measure the relative size of the associated structures and surface excess at the air-liquid interface. The adsorbed amount, the ...
Beeston Michael - - 2012
In this work, continuous and size-segregated aerosol measurements at Mt. Krvavec, Slovenia, during the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption were performed. Based on chemical and morphological characteristics of size-segregated particles, the presence of the volcanic aerosols after long-range transport to Slovenia was to be confirmed. Continuous measurements with the aethalometer and SMPS ...
Gomes-Pereira Mário M Inserm U781, Université Paris Descartes, Faculté de Medicine Necker Enfants Malades, Paris, France. - - 2011
DNA repeat expansions can result in the production of toxic RNA. RNA toxicity has been best characterised in the context of myotonic dystrophy. Nearly 20 mouse models have contributed significant and complementary insights into specific aspects of this novel disease mechanism. These models provide a unique resource to test pharmacological, ...
Azevedo Elma Heitmann Mares - - 2012
To evaluate and correlate voice-specific quality of life (QOL) and health-related QOL (HR-QOL) after treatment for advanced cancer of the larynx and/or hypopharynx. Cross-sectional study. Patients submitted to partial laryngectomy (PL), salvage PL (sPL), concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy (RT+Chemo), total laryngectomy (TL), salvage TL (sTL), total pharyngolaryngectomy (TP) and salvage ...
Machado Paulo R - - 2011
Disseminated leishmaniasis (DL) is an emerging form of Leishmania braziliensis infection characterised by multiple cutaneous lesions on different parts of the body and a high rate of mucosal involvement. Systemic production of TNFα and IFNγ in DL patients is lower than in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by L. braziliensis, which ...
Ares Rodrigo - - 2011
This paper reports the results obtained in an aid project designed to improve transport in the municipal area of Jocotán (Guatemala). The rural road network of an area occupied by indigenous people was analysed and a road chosen for repair using the labour-intensive method-something never done before in this area. ...
Jia Hongxia - - 2011
Accumulating evidence has suggested that transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) is a functional candidate for diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, association studies investigating the relationship of TGF-β1 gene T869C polymorphism and DN generate inconsistent results. To comprehensively clarify this issue, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of the polymorphism ...
Kalinowski Alison A Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5406, - - 2012
To examine beliefs about the role of parenting in feeding and childhood obesity among mothers of lower socioeconomic status. Individual semistructured, audiotaped interview with 91 mothers of preschool-aged children (49% of mothers obese, 21% of children obese) in the midwestern United States. Participant comments were transcribed and common themes were ...
Cebula Katie R - - 2011
Psychosocial adjustment in siblings of children with autism whose families were using a home-based, applied behavior analysis (ABA) program was compared to that of siblings in families who were not using any intensive autism intervention. Data gathered from parents, siblings and teachers indicated that siblings in ABA families experienced neither ...
Nilsson Kerstin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors within nine identified areas that influence why some older workers want to (or believe they can) work until age 65 years or beyond, whereas others leave the workforce earlier. METHODS: The questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study included 1792 respondents aged 55-64 years, ...
Kovács Arpád - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to examine the potential benefits of integrating functional MRI (fMRI) information into the 3D-based planning process for central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. Between 01.01.2008 and 01.12.2009, ten patients with astrocytoma (both low and high-grade histological type) were enrolled in this study. Before the planning ...
Quigley Neil B - - 2011
High-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence rates, as determined by the Cervista(®) HPV HR test, in women aged ≥30 years in a routine screening population have not been studied. The primary objective of this study was to estimate HR HPV prevalence in women negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) ...
Yeh Poh-Shiow PS Department of Neurology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan. - - 2011
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a heterogeneous disorder with different seizure types and diverse etiologies, and is mainly characterized by altered consciousness. The recognition of NCSE is more challenging than generalized convulsive SE, and diagnosis and treatment are often delayed. Therefore, some cases can evolve into refractory SE and become ...
Mossetti Valeria - - 2011
Regional anesthesia in children has reached in the last decades a widespread approval and today is a valid and effective technique used in the daily activity in many pediatric centres. Data from surveys and studies show the very low rate of complications and suggest that the use of regional techniques ...
Kitai Toshiyuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence navigation is a useful option in sentinel node biopsy (SNB) for breast cancer. However, several technical difficulties still exist. Since the sentinel node (SN) cannot be recognized over the skin, subcutaneous lymphatic vessels (LVs) must be carefully dissected without injury. In addition, the dissecting procedures ...
Krebs Paul P Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. - - 2012
Lung cancer survivors are at risk for cancer recurrence and other chronic illnesses related predominantly to prior tobacco use and older age. Optimal quality of post-treatment care requires greater knowledge of survivors' adherence to behavioral health recommendations. This study reports the rates of smoking, physical activity, alcohol use, cancer screenings, ...
Watson Alan H D - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the roles of the accessory respiratory muscles, latissimus dorsi (LD), and sternocleidomastoid, in classical singing. Electromyography was used to record the activity of these muscles in six classically trained female singers carrying out a number of singing and nonsinging tasks. ...
Brum Jeffrey - - 2011
We investigate the use of dispersive surface energy in quantifying surface amorphous content, and the concept of effective amorphous surface area is introduced. An equation is introduced employing the linear combination of surface area normalized square root dispersive surface energy terms. This equation is effective in generating calibration curves when ...
Hu Xiaolong - - 2011
The insect peritrophic membrane (PM), separating midgut epithelium and intestinal contents, is protective lining for the epithelium and plays the important role in absorption of nutrients, and also is the first barrier to the pathogens ingested through oral feeding. In order to understand the biological function of silkworm larval PM, ...
Abd-El-Aziz Tarek A TA Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare 3 different available methods for estimating left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) noninvasively in patients with coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (EF). We used 3 equations for noninvasive estimation of LVEDP: The equation of Mulvagh et al., LVEDP(1) = ...
Boutzios Georgios - - 2011
Wolfram syndrome (WS), also known as DIDMOAD (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy and Deafness), is a neurodegenerative disease with autosomal recessive inheritance with incomplete penetrance. DIDMOAD is a very rare disease with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 770,000 and it is believed to occur in 1 of 150 ...
Capriotti Anna Laura - - 2011
The knowledge about the interaction between plasma proteins and nanocarriers employed for in vivo delivery is fundamental to understand their biodistribution. Protein adsorption onto nanoparticle surface (protein corona) is strongly affected by vector surface characteristics. In general, the primary interaction is thought to be electrostatic, thus surface charge of carrier ...
Waykar Bhalchandra - - 2011
The metal concentration and body burden of three species of fresh water bivalves, Parreysia cylindrica, Parreysia corrugata and Corbicula striatella were estimated in laboratory experiment after exposure to chronic concentration of arsenic (0.1719 ppm), cadmium (0.23 ppm), copper (0.13 ppm), mercury (0.06 ppm), lead (2.4 ppm) and zinc (5.1 ppm) separately up to 30 days. Dry weight ...
Pokorná Martina - - 2011
The divergence of lineages leading to extant squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) and birds occurred about 275 million years ago. Birds, unlike squamates, have karyotypes that are typified by the presence of a number of very small chromosomes. Hence, a number of chromosome rearrangements might be expected between bird ...
Imagama Shiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Lumbar surgery and associated complications are increasing as society is aging. However, definitions of complications after lumbar surgery have not been established and previous reports have varied in the definition of, and focus on, intraoperative or major postoperative complications. We analyzed the frequency and severity of perioperative complications and ...
Ubetagoyena Arrieta M - - 2011
To analyse kidney position and fusion anomalies, as well as associated urinary tract and extra-renal pathologies in a cohort from a tertiary hospital. The medical records of 84 children with renal ectopia (RE) and horseshoe kidney (HK) in our hospital from 1999 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Prenatal diagnosis was ...
Nadarajah V D VD Department of Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC), RC, Leiden, The - - 2011
To identify serum biomarkers that allow monitoring of disease progression and treatment effects in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients, levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and osteopontin (OPN) were determined in 63 DMD patients on corticosteroid therapy. These proteins were selected for their role in the ...
Raza S Arsalan SA Department of Academic Radiology, Royal Marsden Hospital, Downs Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5PT, United Kingdom. - - 2012
To determine the T(2) relaxation time of colorectal hepatic metastases and changes in T(2) relaxation times following chemotherapy. 42 patients with 96 hepatic colorectal metastases underwent baseline MRI. Axial T(1), T(2) and multi-echo GRASE sequences were acquired. ROIs were drawn on T(2) relaxation maps, obtained from GRASE images, encompassing metastasis ...
Tsapaki V - - 2011
The purpose was to evaluate patient radiation doses and compare with other interventional procedures. One hundred and twenty-eight procedures were carried out with a recently installed mobile undercouch C-arm machine with a 23-cm diameter image intensifier. The radiation dose is provided by the X-ray machine, in terms of cumulative dose ...
Baron M D MD Institute for Animal Health, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF. - - 2011
This year will see the final announcement, accompanied by much justifiable celebration, of the eradication from the wild of rinderpest, the 'cattle plague' that has been with us for so many centuries. The only known rinderpest virus (RPV) remaining is in a relatively small number of laboratories around the world, ...
Monod Stéfanie - - 2011
Numerous instruments have been developed to assess spirituality and measure its association with health outcomes. This study's aims were to identify instruments used in clinical research that measure spirituality; to propose a classification of these instruments; and to identify those instruments that could provide information on the need for spiritual ...
Degirolamo Chiara C Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism and Cancer, Department of Translational Pharmacology, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Via Nazionale 8/A, 66030 Santa Maria Imbaro (Chieti), - - 2011
Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy worldwide and is often linked to obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, carbohydrate- and fat-rich diets and elevated fecal excretion of secondary bile acids. Accumulation of toxic bile acids triggers oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction and tumor progression. Nuclear receptors are transcription factors crucially involved ...
Vano E - - 2011
When planning good management of ionising radiation in medicine, key factors such as ensuring that health professionals work together and convincing them that radiation protection (RP) represents a substantial part of the quality management system in their clinical practice are of utmost importance. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the ...
Masoomi Hossein - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Although laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is being performed with increased frequency, the utilization of laparoscopy in the management of acute appendicitis remains controversial, and it continues to be used selectively. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate outcomes of LA vs. open appendectomy (OA) in perforated and non-perforated appendicitis in adults. ...
Kawada Miki - - 2011
Rapid detection kits for toxin A/B in feces are widely used as a diagnostic tool for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Their low sensitivity, however, has been considered a problem. In this study, we evaluated a new rapid diagnostic kit for simultaneous detection of the glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) antigen and toxin ...
Della Puppa Alessandro - - 2011
We recently described a three-layer concentric model of a glioblastoma (GBM) related to a specific distribution of molecular and phenotypic characteristics driven by the intratumoral hypoxic gradient in which the cancer stem cells niche is located in the hypoxic necrotic core of the tumour. The purpose of this study was ...
Nriagu Jerome - - 2011
This study explored the hypothesis that acculturation is a risk factor for childhood lead poisoning in the Detroit area of Michigan. Blood lead levels (BLLs) were determined in 429 Arab American and African American children, aged 6 months to 15 years, who were receiving well-child examination in three Women, Infant, and Children ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >