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Results 301 - 350 of 1260
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Masaka, Dennis - - 2009
The paper attempts to explain the continued relevance of 'gata' (consultation of a traditional healer to account for the death or life threatening illness of a person) in the context of HIV/AIDS pandemic in Zimbabwe. It is a truism that HIV/AIDS is one among a plethora of causes of death ...
Chigidi, William - - 2009
This article discusses the system of taboos or avoidance rules that the Shona people of Zimbabwe engage as a way of influencing members to conform to society's values and norms. Hence, the language of intimidation used in the taboos are meant to guarantee conformity by threatening people with unpleasant consequences ...
Kadenge, Maxwell - - 2009
This research is largely inspired by the increasing literature chronicling the worldwide emergence of "new Englishes" (Deyuan and David, 2009:70), particularly their subtype known as "African Englishes" (Mutonya, 2008:434). Although the variety of English that is spoken in Zimbabwe is clearly a distinct variation of African English, however it has ...
Mapara, Jacob - - 2009
This paper argues that indigenous knowledge systems' emergence via Zimbabwe as an example is more than a case of a sudden realisation on the part of the international community (especially from Western scholars of the former colonised people's knowledge systems), which instead asserts that the indigenous people themselves have, and ...
Nabea, Wendo - - 2009
This paper examines language policy in Kenya from colonialism to date, with a particular focus on education. The colonial period is appraised with regard to pre and post Second World War, while the independence era is analyzed as pertains the government's position and the linguistic realities among lay people. Considering ...
Oritsejafor, Emmanuel - - 2009
After over one hundred sixty years of independence the Liberian state was close to total collapse as a result of fourteen years of civil war. The state's failure and breakdown of central authority has had debilitating social, economic, and political consequences, such as; destruction of valuable infrastructure, internal and cross-border ...
Barry, Abdourahmane - - 2009
Most nations in Africa south of the Sahara made a significant effort to promote education mainly in the years that followed their independence from colonial powers; however, the policies devised for promoting education after independence minimized or excluded the private sector. It is only recently that most African governments started ...
Nyana, Sylvia - - 2009
Colonial powers introduced libraries to Africa and they were developed according to the Western model of libraries and librarianship where knowledge and culture are primarily transmitted through print media, and now increasingly through electronic means. Against the backdrop of oral tradition which predominates in African culture, this approach leaves out ...
Kaya, Erkan - - 2009
Klippel-Feil Sendromu gestasyonun 3-8. haftasinda servikal somitlerin segmantasyonunda yetersizlik sonucu gelisen konjenital bir malformasyondur. Klasik triadinda kisa boyun, asagi yerlesimli sac cizgisi, en az 2 servikal segmentte fuzyon ve boyun hareketlerinde azalma vardir. Genellikle cocuk yaslarda klinik belirtiler gorulmeye baslasa da nadir olgularda ileri yaslarda tani konulur. Biz burada 17 ...
Turan, Yasemin - - 2009
We present a 60-year-old male patient who had concurrent psoriatic spondyloarthropathy and gout, which has not been reported in the literature previously. In this paper, the clinical and radiological features of both rheumatic diseases are discussed in light of the recent literature. (Turk J Rheumatol 2009; 24: 159-62)
Kaya, Alper - - 2009
Amac: Meniskusler dizde bircok islevi olan fibroz kikirdak yapisinda dokulardir. Meniskusu cikarilmis dizlerde erken dejeneratif artrit gelistigi bircok calismada gosterilmistir. Osteoartritik dizlerde ise kikirdak dejenerasyonuyla birlikte meniskuslerde de degisiklikler gorulmektedir. Calismanin amaci dejeneratif dizlerde meniskusun histolojik ve ultrastrukturel yapisinin gosterilmesidir.
Pekar, Stano - - 2009
Zodariellum asiaticum (Tyschchenko 1970) is an ant-eating spider from Central Asia. Using five syntopically occurring ant species, namely Cataglyphis aenescens, Formica cunicularia (both Formicinae), Messor aralocaspius, Tetramorium caespitum (both Myrmicinae), and Tapinoma erraticum (Dolichoderinae) in a laboratory study of preycapture behavior, I evaluated capture frequency, attack latency, number of attacks, ...
Duma, Ioan - - 2009
I describe the female and redescribe the male of Theridion italiense Wunderlich 1995 from live and alcoholpreserved material and provide notes on the ecology, distribution, and affiliations with the very similar Theridion uhligi Martin 1974 and Theridion petraeum L. Koch, 1872.
Knowlton, Elizabeth - - 2009
All scorpions possess jointed, ventral appendages called pectines. These organs have chemosensory, peg-shaped sensilla that detect substrate-borne chemicals. Previous physiological studies show that neurons within peg sensilla respond to an assortment of volatile organic chemical stimulants blown across the sensillar opening. We developed an improved method of chemical stimulant delivery ...
Ramirez, Martin - - 2009
In the green lynx spider Peucetia viridans (Hentz 1832), the two openings of a mated female's epigynum are often sealed by copulatory plugs, sometimes with the two-pronged distal portion of the paracybium of a male palpus inserted in each opening and embedded in the plugs. The presence of copulatory plugs ...
Zonstein, Sergei - - 2009
Microfilistata ovchinnikovi new species (Araneae: Filistatidae), the second member of this formerly monotypic Central Asian genus, is described from Kyzyl-Dzhar Ravine, Southern Turkmenistan. The genus is redescribed and referred to the Filistatidae insertae sedis.
Mondragon, Demetria - - 2009
Reports of scorpions on epiphytic bromeliads in temperate forests are scarce. Here we present some ecological aspects of this animal-plant interaction in three different types of temperate forests (pine, pine-oak and oak forest) in Oaxaca, Mexico. From 2005 to 2007, we collected 373 bromeliads belonging to 10 species, and each ...
Kloock, Carl - - 2009
A simple technique is presented for reducing the fluorescence of living scorpions by prolonged exposure to UV light. Scorpion's fluorescence peak can be eliminated by a 1-mo exposure to low intensity UV light. Although the fluorescence peak returns within 1 wk after removal from UV light exposure, the magnitude remains ...
Jacobucci, Giuliano - - 2009
Several spider species use plants as shelter and foraging sites, but the relationships among these organisms are still poorly known. Lynx spiders of the genus Peucetia do not build webs, and many species live strictly in plants bearing glandular trichomes. Peucetia flava Keyserling 1877 inhabits Solanum thomasiifolium in southeastern Brazil ...
Tahir, Hafiz - - 2009
We conducted a field study in September 2007 and 2008 to analyze the foraging activity, natural diets, and predatory efficacy of Tetragnatha javana (Thorell 1890) (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) and Neoscona theis (Walckenaer 1842) (Araneae: Araneidae) on selected prey. The relationship between body measurements (carapace width, leg length, total body length, and ...
Ojanguren-Affilastro, Andres - - 2009
New data on the distribution and systematics of Patagonian species of the scorpion genus Urophonius Pocock 1893 are provided. A species of this genus from Peninsula Valdes in central eastern Argentinean Patagonia, Urophonius martinezi new species, is described. The surface activity period of most of the species of the genus ...
Zarate-Galvez, Kaleb - - 2009
Plesiochactas mitchelli Soleglad 1976 was originally described from a juvenile female collected in "Guatemala" before 1902. The species is redescribed on the basis of an adult female from a specific locality in the state of Chiapas; it is the first record of this species from Mexico.
Rodriguez-Gil, Sergio - - 2009
Meiotic studies on three phylogenetically distant species of the genus Brachistosternus Pocock from Argentina were conducted. One species is from the subgenus Ministernus Francke 1985, B. ferrugineus Thorell 1876, and two species are from the subgenus Brachistosternus Pocock 1893, B. montanus Roig-Alsina 1977 (Andean species group), and morphologically different populations ...
Carlson, B. - - 2009
Temperature can profoundly affect many physiological processes, including muscle performance. Many ectotherms appear sensitive to this relationship, choosing times and locations of activity permitting high body temperatures and, thus, quick escape from predators. High body temperatures, however, can lead to dehydration, which in turn affects muscle performance. Striped bark scorpions ...
McCoy, Victoria - - 2009
The ability to distinguish fossil arthropod carcasses from their molts is necessary for a more complete understanding of the arthropod fossil record and for more accurately assessing the role of fossil arthropods in paleoecosystems. Taphonomic characteristics, e.g., recurrent patterns of disarticulation of exoskeletal elements, are the primary data that have ...
Madrigal-Brenes, Ruth - - 2009
In this paper, we describe the construction and function of the double sheet and tangle web of Tidarren sisyphoides (Walckenaer 1842). Web construction includes several stages: construction of the scaffolding that serves to support the rest of the web; filling in the dome-shaped and horizontal sheets; and construction of the ...
Nieto-Castaneda, Irma - - 2009
When species with similar morphological and ecological characteristics occupy the same habitat, selection should minimize resource competition and promote coexistence by means of spatial partitioning. Competing species might exploit resources at different times or specialize in distinct resources. From July 2005 through May 2006 we examined the niche axes of ...
Foelix, Rainer - - 2009
The tarantula genus Ephebopus is exceptional with respect to its urticating hairs: they are located on the palps rather than on the abdomen, as is the rule for other Neotropical tarantulas. These urticating hairs occupy a small field of 1-2 [mm.sup.2] on the medial side of the palpal femora. Each ...
St'ahlavsky, Frantisek - - 2009
The karyotypes and course of meiosis of two pseudoscorpions, Semeiochernes armiger (Balzan 1892) and Cordylochernes scorpioides (Linnaeus 1758) (Pseudoscorpiones: Chernetidae), are described for the first time. The diploid chromosome number of the male is 69 in S. armiger and 47 in C. scorpioides. As in most pseudoscorpions studied to date, ...
Gonzalez, Alda - - 2009
This study analyzes predation by adult females of Misumenops pallidus (Keyserling 1880) on pairs of prey items representing non-pest insects and potential pests. The phenology of the potential pests was such that each insect guild peaked sequentially, while non-pest herbivorous and insectivorous insects were present during the entire period. Field ...
Wang, Xin-Ping - - 2009
Eight spider species of the genus Coelotes from Central Asia and the Near East currently assigned to the charitonovi species group are described. Four species, Coelotes charitonovi Spassky 1939, C. juglandicola Ovtchinnikov 1984, C. nenilini Ovtchinnikov 1999, and C. turkestanicus Ovtchinnikov 1999 are previously known from both sexes, and four ...
Kuntner, Matjaz - - 2009
Plugging of female genitals via male sexual mutilation is a common sexual repertoire in some nephilid spiders (Herennia, Nephila, Nephilengys), but the behavioral pathways leading to emasculation are poorly understood. Recent work suggests that copulating Herennia males damage their reproductive organs during copulation and then voluntarily, and stereotypically, remove their ...
Slowik, Jozef - - 2009
Geolycosa grandis (Banks 1894) (Araneae, Lycosidae) is redescribed, and illustrations are provided for the first time. We propose that Geolycosa grandis be transferred to the genus Hogna Simon 1885. Hogna permunda (Chamberlin 1904) is synonymized with H. grandis. Notes are given on distinguishing H. grandis from similar species including H. ...
Harari, Ally - - 2009
We used experimental manipulations to test adaptive explanations for the courtship display of the male widow spider, Latrodectus pallidas O. Pickard-Cambridge 1872. Two hypotheses have been suggested to explain a long and complex male display: a) Cooperation of males and females in the effort to physically stimulate the female. As ...
Galvez, Dumas - - 2009
There is controversy about the function of silk stabilimenta, also called silk decorations, on spiders' webs. Most of the proposed hypotheses have been tested using indirect methods. Protection against predators, advertisement for vertebrates to avoid web damage, and increasing prey attraction are the most popular hypotheses. In this study, I ...
- - 2009
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