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Vu, Khuong - - 2009
Since the launch of economic reforms in China in 1978 and Vietnam in 1986, both countries have made impressive achievements. However, the two countries have experienced a notable divergence in growth, even though the context and characteristics of their reforms were broadly similar. This paper documents three principal findings: (1) ...
Kim, Eun - - 2009
Dietary lipids are rapidly hydrolysed and biohydrogenated in the rumen resulting in meat and milk characterised by a high content of saturated fatty acids and low polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which contributes to increases in the risk of diseases including cardiovascular disease and cancer. There has been considerable interest in ...
Szucs, E. - - 2009
Sufficient food supply for all humans was, is, and will remain one of the main priorities for mankind. The choice between food from crops or animals is related to philosophical, religious and ethical, but also cultural and economical, values. However, the concept of sustainable agriculture takes into account the organization ...
Weng, R.C. - - 2009
To evaluate different housing systems, 80 gilts were randomly allocated at puberty to four treatments: i) sow stall in gestation followed by farrowing crate (SC), ii) group housing with individual feeding in gestation followed by farrowing crate (GC), iii) ESF (Electronic Sow Feeding) system in gestation followed by farrowing crate ...
Liu, Xiaomu - - 2009
This study examined the effects of nicotinamide on proliferation, differentiation, and energy metabolism in a primary culture of bovine adipocytes. After treatment of cells with 100-500 [micro]M nicotinamide, cell growth was measured using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), and cellular lipid content was assessed by Oil Red O staining and a triglyceride ...
Park, S.W. - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of soybean oil supplementation replacing tallow in pig diets at different stages of growth. One hundred and twenty crossbred (Landracex Yorkshire xDuroc) pigs weighing 18 kg on average were selected. Pigs were randomly allotted to 12 pens of 10 pigs (5 pigs ...
Guo-jun, Sun - - 2009
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of dietary zinc level on growth performance and immune function in normal (Experiment 1) and immunologically challenged (Experiment 2) weanling pigs. Treatments consisted of the following: i) a corn-soybean meal basal diet containing 36.75 mg/kg total Zn, ii) basal diet+60 mg/kg added ...
Gezen, Serife - - 2009
Ninety six beak-trimmed 72 week-old Lohmann Brown hens were randomly divided into four equal groups. Each group comprised 4 replicates. Isoenergetic and isonitrogenous experimental diets contained low calcium (3.5%); optimum calcium (4.2%); low Ca (3.5% Ca)+1% Clinoptilolite (CLP); low Ca (3.5% Ca)+2% CLP. Data were collected biweekly and the experiment ...
Luo, Dingyuan - - 2009
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of xylanase on performance, blood parameters, intestinal morphology, microflora and digestive enzyme activities of broilers. The wheat-based diets were supplemented with 0, 500, 1,000, 5,000 U/kg xylanase. Xylanase supplementation significantly (p<0.05) improved the feed:gain ratio of broilers from 1 ...
Burkett, J.L. - - 2009
Concentrated livestock production has led to soil nutrient accumulation concerns. To reduce the environmental impact, it is necessary to understand current recommended livestock feeding practices. Two experiments were conducted to compare the effects of trace mineral supplementation on performance, carcass composition, and fecal mineral excretion of phase-fed, grow-finish pigs. Crossbred ...
Kim, Jeong-Hoon - - 2009
Three beef steers fitted with permanent cannulae in the rumen and duodenum were used to determine the effects of protein supply from soyhulls (SH) and wheat bran (WB) on ruminal metabolism, blood metabolites, nitrogen metabolism, nutrient digestion and concentrations of soluble non-ammonia nitrogen (SNAN) in ruminal (RD) and omasal digesta ...
Zhao, X.G. - - 2009
Effects of particle size and physical effective fibre (peNDF) of rice straw in diets on chewing activities, feed intake, flow, site and extent of digestion and rumen fermentation in goats were investigated. A 4x4 Latin square design was employed using 4 mature Liuyang black goats fitted with permanent ruminal, duodenal, ...
Albuquerque, Karina - - 2009
This study was carried out to evaluate the fatty acid composition in Nellore cows supplemented with either linseed (n-3) or canola grains (n-6 and n-9). Fifteen Nellore cows, aged five years and bodyweight 550 kg [+ or -] 48 kg, were randomly distributed to the following treatments: CON (control), LIN ...
Kubo, Y. - - 2009
A large number of branded chicken products exist in Japan, and in some cases, the breed of chicken is an important factor used to attract consumer interest in the retail product. In order to establish a simple method for verifying such breed claims we applied the amplified fragment length polymorphism ...
Dixit, S.P. - - 2009
Gene flow, genetic structure and differentiation of Kutchi, Mehsana and Sirohi breeds of goat from North-Western India were evaluated based on 25 microsatellite markers so as to support breed conservation and improvement decisions. The microsatellite genotyping was carried out using an automated DNA sequencer. The gene diversity across the studied ...
Smith, Stephen - - 2009
Fat composition of beef, taken here to mean marbling, can be manipulated by time on feed, finishing diet, and breed type. These three factors also strongly influence the fatty acid composition of beef. Both the amount of marbling and the concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) increase with time on ...
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Derreberry, Todd - - 2009
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a relatively common problem encountered in clinical endocrine practice. In most cases the diagnosis is relatively straightforward, however, when imaging studies fail to localize the parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia, management can be challenging. We describe here such a case where the diagnosis was made by a novel ...
Cook, Roger - - 2009
This report describes the use of a single shot, through the needle caudal approach to epidural blood patch (EBP) in a patient with persistent leakage of cerebrospinal fluid following lumbosacral laminectomy. A previous report of caudal EBP in an adult patient with an epidural catheter suggested that the success of ...
Yossuck, Panitan - - 2009
A three week old extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant infected by vancomycin-resistant Leuconostoc spp is presented. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics was successful after the percutaneous inserted central catheter (PICC) was removed. The infection with Leuconostoc spp is rare but should be suspected when vancomycin-resistant organisms resembling streptococci are isolated. ...
Schessler, Matthew - - 2009
Lower eyelid defects resulting from Mohs micrographic surgery can be challenging to repair. These repairs are fraught with potential complication due to the lower eyelid's complex anatomy and defect variability. A single "cookie-cutter" treatment regimen does not exist because patients and defects vary. Surgical closure techniques include primary closure, eyelid ...
Schmidt, Rebecca - - 2009
The prevalence and incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing at an alarming rate. Estimates suggest that CKD affects an estimated 13 percent of Americans, and West Virginia leads the way, with the highest per capita rate in the country of patients with kidney failure starting dialysis (1,2,3). There ...
Lambrecht, Keith - - 2009
Sportscape refers to service extensions and the physical surroundings of a sports event. This is a case study that focuses on sportscape factors and how they influence the overall satisfaction of spectators attending a PGA TOUR event. Golf is different from other sports in that it has a flexible venue ...
Cooper, Coyte - - 2009
During the past 25 years, NCAA wrestling has experienced a significant decline in the number of programs offered at the intercollegiate level. Amid the current economic landscape facing intercollegiate athletics, it appears that the only sure way to enhance the longevity of college wrestling is through increased fan support and ...
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