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- - 2008
Schofield, Toni - - 2008
The subject of gender and health inequalities is contested territory in health policy, research and practice. Yet there is a dominant approach which I describe as a form of technocratic rationality. Its application imposes significant limitations because it represents the problem of gender and health in terms of measurable sex ...
Baker, Emma - - 2008
Women and the households that they head are over-represented among the most economically and socially disadvantaged households in Australia. Recent changes in the provision of housing assistance for low income households in Australia have distinct implications for women and this paper examines the implications of these changes. Shifting the emphasis ...
Osborne, Katy - - 2008
Participation in voluntary groups is potentially an important way to create health promoting social capital. This paper investigates women's participation in voluntary groups, utilising data from a postal survey of 968 female respondents and in-depth interviews with 30 women. Logistic regression was conducted to examine factors associated with frequency of ...
Ackerson, Leland - - 2008
While a growing body of literature has investigated the health impact of intimate partner violence (IPV), less has been written on the social determinants of IPV. The authors use multilevel modeling methods to analyze data from a sample of 83,627 women in India to examine the socioeconomic and demographic patterning ...
Bentley, Rebecca - - 2008
Gender equity describes the distribution between men and women of social and material resources and decision-making powers. Women's experiences of gender equity are likely to influence their contraceptive use. Multilevel analysis of two databases: the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles from the United Kingdom and the United Nations' ...
Kavanagh, Anne - - 2008
Gender has been neglected in models of the social determinants of health. We use walking as a case study to demonstrate how gender might be incorporated into multilevel social determinants of health frameworks to investigate health behaviours. We found that while men and women had some similar individual (e.g. confidence ...
McCalman, Janet - - 2008
This paper reviews the Australian historical record in health and gender inequalities since the mid nineteenth century through to the end of the twentieth century, using survival data from an historical cohort of impoverished people born in the Melbourne Lying-In Hospital between 1857 and 1900. This data reveals the long ...
Broom, Dorothy - - 2008
The relationship between gender and health inequalities is potentially complicated, raising questions for health and social research, practice and policy. In this paper, I use two population health case studies--obesity and smoking--to explore the interplay between gender and socioeconomic position. The cases show that, on its own, neither dimension of ...
Kavanagh, Anne - - 2008
Devaraj, Sridevi - - 2008
Context.--Inflammation is pivotal to atherosclerosis.The monocyte-macrophage, a crucial cell in atherogenesis, is present during all stages of atherosclerosis. However, there is a paucity of data comparing circulating monocytes to cholesterol-laden macrophages (foam cells), with regard to their atherogenic properties, especially in subjects with established risk factors such as hyperlipidemia.
Chen, Ying-bei - - 2008
* Benign glandular inclusions in axillary lymph nodes are very rare events that have to be distinguished from metastatic carcinoma. We report an exceptional instance in which a patient with invasive ductal carcinoma had benign glandular inclusions in the form of sclerosing adenosis in 2 sentinel lymph nodes. The lymph ...
Haque, Abida - - 2008
* Context.--Obesity is associated with sleep disordered breathing and cardiovascular morbidity, but the relationship between pulmonary hypertension, heart disease, and obesity is unknown.
Lippi, Giuseppe - - 2008
* Context.--Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is receiving major emphasis as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Results of studies on Lp(a) in patients with impaired renal function are contradictory, and no information is available on the association between Lp(a) and estimated glomerular filtration rate and cystatin C.
Manucha, Varsha - - 2008
* Metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands is a group of rare tumors that are histologically identical to benign mixed tumors and that inexplicably metastasize. A review of the literature revealed that it usually occurs after multiple local recurrences, and the interval between diagnosis of primary pleomorphic adenoma and metastases ...
Lagoo, Anand - - 2008
* Context.--Marginal zone lymphomas (MZLs) are the most common lymphomas encountered in the orbit and ocular adnexa. The accurate categorization of these lymphomas is critical to avoid undertreatment or overtreatment.
Ende, Lauren - - 2008
* Lipoblastomas are rare soft tissue tumors that predominantly affect the pediatric population. We describe a lipoblastoma of the right hand in a 16-month-old boy. Radiographically the tumor appeared large but fairly well circumscribed and composed primarily of fat. Pathologic evaluation revealed variably sized lobules of adipose tissue and myxoid ...
Onerheim, Ronald - - 2008
* Context.--Good communication of pathologic characteristics of a malignancy is crucial to therapy choices and accurate prognostication. The information must be easily retrieved from a surgical pathology report.
Gombos, Zoltan - - 2008
* Glomus tumor is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm comprising less than 2% of soft tissue tumors. It is composed of cells resembling modified smooth muscle cells of the normal glomus body. The glomus body, a thermoregulator, is a specialized form of arteriovenous anastomosis localized in dermal and precoccygeal soft tissue. ...
Sun, Katherine - - 2008
* Context.--Clear cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder/urethra is a rare tumor histologically resembling the neoplasms in the female genital tract. Adequate characterization of this tumor has been hampered by its rarity. a-Methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR)/P504S has been reported to be positive in prostatic adenocarcinoma, papillary renal cell carcinoma, and gastrointestinal ...
- - 2008
Paner, Gladell - - 2008
Context.--The unrelenting challenge encountered when differentiating limited-volume prostate carcinoma and sometimes subtle variants from its many morphologic mimics has increased the use of ancillary immunohistochemistry in routine prostate needle biopsies. The availability of prostate cancer-associated and basal cell-associated markers has been an invaluable addition to diagnostic surgical pathology.
Nero, Christopher - - 2008
Context.--There are numerous customers for pathology departmental Web sites, including pathology department staff, clinical staff, residency applicants, job seekers, and other individuals outside the department seeking department information. Despite the increasing importance of departmental Web sites as a means of distributing information, no analysis has been done to date of ...
Morse, Douglass - - 2008
Excreta potentially provide parasites or predators with information about the presence of hosts or prey; hence, vulnerable individuals experience strong selection to minimize danger from this source. Alternatively or additionally, excreta could alert potential prey to a spider's presence. Adult female crab spiders Misumena vatia (Clerck 1757) exhibited a strong ...
Jackson, Robert - - 2008
Instances are documented of salticids robbing ants by adopting a specialized behavior pattern, "snatching." The salticid positioned itself beside an ant column on the wall of a building, repeatedly fixating its gaze on different individual ants in the column and maintaining fixation on the ant by turning its body while ...
Barrantes, Gilbert - - 2008
The first description of the courtship behavior and copulation is provided for Tengella radiata (Kulczynski 1909). The male courts the female by rocking his body and vibrating his abdomen. These behaviors seem to induce the female to move out from her retreat onto the sheet and incline her body to ...
Garcia, Leandro - - 2008
This paper describes an easy, cheap, and safe method of capturing and handling the medically important spider Phoneutria for venom extraction. The method does not injure or kill the spider and allows the extraction of pure venom.
Dondale, Charles - - 2008
A new species of the crab-spider genus Xysticus (Thomisidae), X. albertensis, is described from northern Alberta, Canada. Specimens are compared with those of three species that closely resemble them and live in the same geographical region, namely, X. chippewa Gertsch 1953, X. canadensis Gertsch 1934, and X. britcheri Gertsch 1934.
Carrel, James - - 2008
A replicated pre- and post-burn study of survival of small and large Geolycosa xera archboldi McCrone 1963 and G. hubbelli Wallace 1942 in Florida scrub was conducted. These two syntopic species were chosen because G. x. archboldi prefers large gaps of barren sand in the scrub matrix, sites with little ...
Kuntner, Matjaz - - 2008
Analysis of ecological data of the arboricolous nephilid spider Clitaetra irenae Kuntner 2006, endemic to Maputaland forests, South Africa, indicates the species' dependence on this highly threatened habitat. We tested C. irenae habitat dependence via GIS analysis by plotting the known distribution against southern African ecoregions. In the southern part ...
Acosta, Luis - - 2008
The potential distribution of the harvestman Geraeocormobius sylvarum Holmberg 1887 (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae, Gonyleptinae) from Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, is modeled using the presence-only, GIS-based method Bioclim. The model was run on 2.5 min resolution climate layers using 19 derived bioclimatic variables. The bioclimatic profile of the species is described, and ...
Miliczky, Eugene - - 2008
Beating tray and sweep net samples from apple and pear orchards in south-central Washington State were used to obtain information on life history and phenology of orchard-associated spiders. Cardboard shelters placed in the orchards in the fall and collected during the winter yielded information on spider overwintering. Data were obtained ...
McReynolds, C. - - 2008
Vegetation as a preferred microhabitat for scorpions has rarely been considered despite many Buthidae (the bark scorpions) being non-burrowing errant scorpions that are active on both the ground and vegetation. Microhabitats can serve multiple functions for Centruroides vittatus (Say 1821), but a particular microhabitat can be preferred for a certain ...
Corcuera, Pablo - - 2008
Spider species diversity has been associated with vegetation structure and stratification but there are few studies comparing the spider distribution in different shrubs and trees. In this study we analyzed the species distribution of the spider community of 11 shrub and tree species in two different study sites in a ...
Barrantes, Gilbert - - 2008
In some spiders features of the webs of early instars may represent features of the ancestor's web. Some second instar spiderlings (first instar outside of the egg sac) of Tengella radiata (Kulczynski 1909) construct a small sheet web without any type of retreat. In subsequent instars, spiderlings construct webs that ...
Walter, Andre - - 2008
Various orb weaving spiders decorate their webs with extra silk structures. In the araneid genus Argiope, these web decorations consist of flimsy aciniform silk threads arranged in zig zag shaped bands. The adaptive value of these structures is still unclear and controversy over a suite of possible functional explanations persists: ...
Segoli, Michal - - 2008
Copulatory organ breakage, in which a portion of the male's genitalia breaks off and remains in or attached to the female's genitalia may represent a male strategy of high investment in a single mating. Such a strategy is expected when mating opportunities for males are limited and competition for females ...
Jones, Thomas - - 2008
Patterns of sperm usage in multiply-mated females have profound fitness consequences for males, and create strong selective pressure on male behavior. In the cooperative theridiid spider Anelosimus studiosus Hentz 1850 adult males are tolerated in females' webs, and females have been observed to mate multiply with different males. In this ...
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