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Benachour, Abdellah - - 2009
Secreted and surface proteins of bacteria are key molecules that interface the cell with the environment. Some of them, corresponding to virulence factors, have already been described for Enterococcus faecalis, the predominant species involved in enterococcal nosocomial infections. In a global proteomic approach, the identification of the most abundant secreted ...
Mehnaz, Samina - - 2009
In this study, we report on the isolation, identification, and characterization of seven fluorescent pseudomonads isolated from the roots, shoots, and rhizosphere soil of sugarcane and their impacts on the growth of sugarcane plantlets. 16S rRNA gene sequence of five isolates showed close homology with Pseudomonas putida, one with Pseudomonas ...
Kodgire, Prashant - - 2009
In Bacillus subtilis, the transition state regulator ScoC indirectly, negatively regulates the anti-[[sigma].sup.D] factor FlgM in a SinR-dependent pathway leading to an increased availability of [[sigma].sup.D]. In addition to the SinR-dependent pathway, ScoC negatively regulates FlgM via directly repressing flgM transcription by binding to two sites in the promoter region ...
Mangalappalli-Illathu, Anil - - 2009
Cellular morphology, exopolymer chemistry, and protein expression of shearable and nonshearable fractions of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis biofilms were examined. Biofilms were grown at a laminar flow velocity of 0.07 cm-[s.sup.-1] for ~120 h, resulting in biofilms with a thickness (mean [+ or -] SD) of 43 [+ or -] ...
Prol, Maria - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to determine if paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins are present in extracellular bacteria isolated from a toxic strain of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum. A quantitative analysis was carried out of viable culturable bacteria attached to the surface of dinoflagellates and of bacteria present in ...
Moat, John - - 2009
Environmental disinfection in a health care setting is an important aspect of infection control. Recently, there has been interest in the use of vapor- and gas-based treatments for decontamination of surfaces and rooms. We describe preliminary results for an ozone-based decontamination of surfaces seeded with a range of vegetative cells ...
Huang, Xiaowei - - 2009
The Gram-negative bacterium Stenotrophomonas maltophilia G2 was isolated from a soil sample and was found to have high nematotoxic activity against a free-living nematode, Panagrellus redivivus, and a plant-parasitic nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. The analysis of virulence factors revealed that although the small molecular metabolites participated in nematode killing, the crude ...
Sun, Huigang - - 2009
Bacillus subtilis fmbR-1 was obtained from wild-type B. subtilis fmbR by replacement of the native promoter of the surfactin operon with the inducible promoter Pspac. The recombinant B. subtilis fmbR-1 produced more antibacterial substances than the wild-type strain. The overproducing phenotype was related to the enhancement of antagonistic activities against ...
Schoeman, Heidi - - 2009
The use and release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is an issue of intense public concern and, in the case of food and beverages, products containing GMOs or products thereof carry the risk of consumer rejection. The recent commercialization of 2 GM wine yeasts in the United States and Canada ...
Schurmann, Anna - - 2009
According to social exclusion theory, health risks are positively associated with involuntary social, economic, political and cultural exclusion from society. In this paper, a social exclusion framework has been used, and available literature on microcredit in Bangladesh has been reviewed to explore the available evidence on associations among microcredit, exclusion, ...
Rashid, Sabina - - 2009
The health and rights of populations living in informal or slum settlements are key development issues of the twenty-first century. As of 2007, the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. More than one billion of these people, or one in three city-dwellers, live in inadequate housing with ...
Schurmann, Anna - - 2009
The Female Secondary School Stipend Project in Bangladesh was established to increase the enrollment of girls in secondary schools, thereby delaying marriage and childbearing. This analysis examined the existing data using the social exclusion framework to clarify the primary exclusionary factors that have kept girls from education: harassment, poverty, and ...
Naved, Ruchira - - 2009
This paper reports on evaluation of an initiative to use paramedics as the first-level mental health counsellors of abused women in rural Bangladesh (2003-2004) from the perspective of the abused women who participated in one or more counselling sessions. Thirty in-depth interviews, followed by a survey (n=372), targeted to cover ...
Werner, Wendy - - 2009
Health services and modern medicines are out of reach for over one billion people globally. Micro-insurance for health is one method to address unmet health needs. This case study used a social exclusion perspective to assess the health and poverty impact of micro-insurance for health in Bangladesh and contrasts this ...
Khan, Sharful - - 2009
The transgender people (hijra), who claim to be neither male nor female, are socially excluded in Bangladesh. This paper describes social exclusion of hijra [The term is used in this abstract both in singular and plural sense] focusing on the pathway between exclusion and sexual health. In an ethnographic study, ...
Koehlmoos, Tracey - - 2009
Bangladesh has experienced one of the highest urban population growth rates (around 7% per year) over the past three decades. Dhaka, the capital city, attracts approximately 320,000 migrants from rural areas every year. The city is unable to provide shelter, food, education, healthcare, and employment for its rapidly-expanding population. An ...
Johnston, Heidi - - 2009
The concept of social exclusion, applied widely in the European Union, has in recent years been gaining use in Bangladesh, mostly by international development agencies. Does this discourse of deprivation, developed in the welfare states of northern Europe, have salience in its application to deprivation in countries like Bangladesh where, ...
Khosla, Nidhi - - 2009
Bangladesh has maintained a low HIV prevalence (of less than 1%) despite multiple risk factors. However, recent serological surveillance data have reported very high levels of HIV infection among a subgroup of male injecting drug-users (IDUs). This suggests that an HIV/AIDS epidemic could be imminent in Bangladesh. Although biomedical and ...
Modie-Moroka, Tirelo - - 2009
This study explores and describes the relationships among neighbourhood characteristics, social capital, and health outcomes among low-income urban residents in Francistown, Botswana. Using an explanatory correlational research design to explore the relationships among the study variables, data were collected from 388 low-income urban residents in Francistown, Botswana. The study further ...
Werner, Wendy - - 2009
The private sector is often seen as a driver of exclusionary processes rather than a partner in improving the health and welfare of socially-excluded populations. However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships--collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives--may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to services and ...
Schurmann, Anna - - 2009
Civil society has the potential to have a positive impact on social exclusion and health equity through active monitoring and increased accountability. This paper examines the role of civil society in Bangladesh to understand why this potential has not been realized. Looking at two models of civil society action--participation in ...
Ahmed, Syed - - 2009
Microcredit is advocated as a development tool that has the potential to reduce poverty, empower participants, and improve health. Results of several studies have shown that the extreme poor, or the ultra-poor, often are unable to benefit from traditional microcredit programmes and can, as a result of taking a loan ...
Rispel, Laetitia - - 2009
The global resurgence of interest in the social determinants of health provides an opportunity for determined action on unacceptable and unjust health inequalities that exist within and between countries. This paper reviews three categories of social inclusion policies: cash-transfers; free social services; and specific institutional arrangements for programme integration in ...
Cotching, W.E. - - 2009
Dermosols (24%) and Organosols (14.8%) are the dominant soil orders in Tasmania, with the mapped occurrence of >985 000 ha of Organosols in Tasmania being the greatest in any Australian State. Tenosols and Rudosols are well represented in all 3 natural resource management (NRM) regions and Kurosols are more prevalent ...
Yong, Wang - - 2009
The effect of phosphate adsorption on zeta potential of the colloids of variable charge soils and the effect of ionic strength on phosphate adsorption by the soils were investigated using batch experimental method. The presence of phosphate resulted in the decrease in zeta potential and isoelectric point (IEP) of the ...
Thiyagarajan, Chitdeshwari - - 2009
Bauxite-processing residue must be disposed of in specifically designed facilities for long-term management. Consideration of alkalinity, salinity, sodium content, and poor nutritional status is essential for successful rehabilitation of residue disposal areas (RDA). The aim of this study was to examine the availability and distribution of the micronutrients, B, Cu, ...
Dejuan, Zhi - - 2009
In order to examine how nematodes respond to sand dune succession after stabilisation and reclamation techniques, nematode communities were investigated in sand dunes stabilised for 0, 16, 26, 43, and 51 years in the Tengger Desert, China. Our results revealed that the abundance of nematodes; the proportion of fungivores, omnivores, ...
Lopez-Vicente, M. - - 2009
This paper studies the spatial variation of topsoil moisture within different soil types in a medium-size catchment at the Spanish Pre-Pyrenees (Estana catchment, 2.5 [km.sup.2]) using seasonal data at high spatial resolution. Topsoil moisture was measured with a Delta-T Theta Probe ML2x device to 80 mm soil depth and at ...
Yang, M. - - 2009
This study investigated scale dependency of certain soil salinity ions in topsoil horizons in the Yellow River Delta in north-east Shandong province, China. Factorial kriging analysis (FKA) was used to analyse spatial variability of soil salinity ions ([Na.sup.+], [K.sup.+], [Mg.sup.2+], [Ca.sup.2+], [Cl.sup.-] S[O.sub.4.sup.2-]) sampled at 3 nested areas over a ...
Hardie, M.A. - - 2009
Production of fresh market salad and lettuce in southern Tasmania has reduced soil organic carbon levels, resulting in the development of surface crusts, erosion, and poor water infiltration. Options for increasing soil organic carbon under this production system are limited by strict food safety protocols which prohibit the use of ...
Houlbrooke, D.J. - - 2009
In New Zealand, the winter grazing of standing forage crops combines high animal stocking densities with soil water and climatic conditions conducive to soil compaction and pugging deformation. The extent of soil damage under winter forage cropping practices and impact of management factors such as stock type and irrigation on ...
Tatzber, Michael - - 2009
The stabilisation of 14C-labelled farmyard manure was investigated under different cropping systems (crop rotation, monoculture, and bare fallow) in a long-term field experiment established in 1967. Solid-state [sup.13]C-NMR of bulk soils yielded a gradient of increasing aromatic properties in the order: straw manure-crop rotation < straw manure monoculture < straw ...
Allen, D.E. - - 2009
Land use change from agriculture to forestry offers potential opportunities for carbon (C) sequestration and thus partial mitigation of increasing levels of carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]) in the atmosphere. The effects of land use change of grazed pastures on in situ fluxes of nitrous oxide ([N.sub.2]O) and methane (C[H.sub.4]) from soil ...
Chybicki, Igor - - 2009
In plants, the magnitude of seed and pollen dispersal plays a pivotal role in shaping genetic structure of populations. Restricted dispersal of genes can stimulate the increase of inbreeding as well as spatial clustering of relatives. These phenomena are explained by the theory of isolation-by-distance. Because of its biology, European ...
Trobacher, Christopher - - 2009
Plants produce and utilize the gaseous hydrocarbon ethylene as a phytohormone throughout their life cycle. Ethylene is notoriously associated with fruit ripening and this aspect of its biology, along with its biosynthesis and mechanisms of signal transduction, has received a great deal of study. Many plants also employ ethylene signalling ...
Olivera, Pablo - - 2009
Aegilops sharonensis Eig (Sharon goatgrass; section Sitopsis) is an annual diploid grass species growing endemically in the coastal plains of Israel and southern Lebanon. It is a wild relative of wheat, with a genome closely related to the B genome of cultivated bread wheat. With the most limited distribution of ...
Alongi, Deborah - - 2009
Fern gametophytes are extremely shade-tolerant, potentially existing for long periods under conditions of extreme light limitation. Many previous studies have demonstrated an increase in gametophyte growth and incidence of spontaneous transition to sporophyte morphology (apogamy) under culture on media containing exogenous sugar. However, these studies did not verify sugar uptake ...
Levsen, Nicholas - - 2009
The herbaceous perennial Chrysosplenium tetrandrum (Lund ex Malmgr.) Th. Fr. (Saxifragaceae) is a self-pollinating, circumpolar species with a broad latitudinal distribution and a disjunct North American range. The southernmost populations are isolated in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and Montana, distantly separated from elements of the main range, which is ...
Turkington, Roy - - 2009
For almost 50 years ecologists have debated why herbivores generally don't increase in numbers to such levels as to deplete or devastate vegetation. One hypothesis is that herbivore populations are regulated at low densities by predators, and a second hypotheses is that plants are fundamentally poor food for herbivores. This ...
Ford, Bruce - - 2009
Species with limited geographic ranges are often of conservation concern because they may possess low levels of genetic variability and thus have a reduced ability to respond to stochastic events. As a consequence, an important conservation strategy is to maximize a species' adaptive potential by preserving natural levels of genetic ...
Cornwall, Sharon - - 2009
Flannery, Maura - - 2009
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