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- - 2009
- - 2009
Mikusova, Andrea - - 2009
In the present work, the effect of isoproterenol on the electrical properties of the rat heart and on the cytoarchitecture of the surviving cardiomyocytes was studied. Myocardial remodelling was induced by the daily administration of 5 mg/kg isoproterenol (Iso) for 7 days. Administration resulted in a significant increase (52%) in ...
Demirkaya, Erkan - - 2009
Doxorubicin (DXR) is a chemotherapeutic agent used effectively in the treatment of several childhood malignancies. During treatment, cardiotoxicity caused by cell damage due to the free oxygen radicals that are generated is a major limiting factor. This study was undertaken to determine whether DXR-induced cardiotoxicity could be prevented by natural ...
Toda, Noboru - - 2009
There has been a rapid increase in the amount of information on the physiological and pathophysiological roles of nitric oxide (NO) in the brain. This molecule, which is formed by the constitutive isoforms of NO synthase, endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal (nNOS), plays an obligatory role in the regulation of cerebral ...
Yeung, Chi-Kong - - 2009
To determine whether changes in membrane potential affect the extent of mast cell degranulation, compound 48/80 was added to rat peritoneal mast cell suspensions in the absence or presence of potassium channel openers (KCOs). Changes were compared between the field potential (FP) and the amount of histamine released. The results ...
Devaux, Sylvie - - 2009
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is associated with an imbalance between the formation and the scavenging of reactive oxygen species. In this context, the protective role of the antioxidant metallothionein, a thiol-rich protein that is induced in different organs in response to heavy metals and oxidative conditions, has mainly been investigated in ...
Nevin, K. - - 2009
Because coconut oil extracted by wet process (virgin coconut oil, VCO) is gaining popularity among consumers, this study was conducted to evaluate VCO compared with coconut oil extracted by dry process (copra oil, CO) for their influence on lipid parameters, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant status in rats coadministered with cholesterol. ...
Atkinson, Laura - - 2009
[beta]-cell mass dynamics play an important role in the adaptation to obesity, as well as in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Here we used a 24-hour modified hyperglycemic clamp protocol to investigate the effect of increasing glucose concentrations (15, 20, 25, or 35 mmol/L) on [beta]-cell mass and rates ...
Disli, Olcay - - 2009
Radial artery (RA) vasospasm remains a potential cause of early graft failure after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, despite pretreatment with [alpha]-adrenergic or calcium channel blockers. Our aim was to investigate the mechanism of the vasorelaxant effects of Rho-kinase inhibitors (Y-27632 and fasudil) on the human RA. Segments were obtained ...
Urbaityte, R. - - 2009
In this review, the terminology that is used to describe ileal amino acid (AA) digestibilities in piglet feed ingredients is defined. If one accepts that the determination of AA digestibilities should be based on the ileal analysis method, one should consider that ileal digesta contains variable amounts of endogenous crude ...
Lee, Shin - - 2009
Synbiotics is the term used for a mixture of probiotics (live microbial feed additives that beneficially affects the host animal) and prebiotics (non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the organism). This study investigated the effect of probiotics from anaerobic microflora with prebiotics on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, noxious gas emission ...
Zhang, Y. - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary alpha-lipoic acid (LA) on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality in Arbor Acres broilers. A total of 240 1-d-old male Arbor Acres broilers were randomly allocated to 4 dietary treatments (0, 300 ppm, 600 ppm, and 900 ppm dietary ...
Wei, Hen-Wei - - 2009
The objective of this study was to estimate the optimum dietary essential amino acid pattern for male Taiwan country chicks. A series of experiments was conducted with chicks, 14 d of age, for 2 wks. A basal synthetic diet was established using a dose response test for all essential amino ...
Du, W. - - 2009
Two experiments were carried out to study the effects of dietary energy level on nutrient digestion, nitrogen (N) utilization, growth performance, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in plasma, liver and longissimus dorsi muscle in growing-finishing pigs. In experiment 1 (Exp 1), 15 castrated male ...
Bhanja, S.K. - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of post-hatch feed deprivation on yolk sac utilization and subsequent performance of young broiler chickens (280) up to 35 days of age. The experimental treatments included access to feed at 8 h intervals after hatch, up to 48 h (0, 8, 16, ...
Yoo, J.S. - - 2009
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of providing fermented soy protein to weaned pigs on nitrogen balance and apparent fecal and apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of AA. Four weaned ((Yorkshire x Landrace) x Duroc) barrows (BW = 6.58 [+ or -] 0.98 kg), surgically fitted with a simple ...
Jia, Gang - - 2009
This study was conducted according to the single-factor design principle to investigate in vitro the effects of different glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) concentrations (0, 1 x [10.sup.-11], 1 x [10.sup.-10], 1 x [10.sup.-9], 1x [10.sup.-8] and 1 x [10.sup.-7] mol/L) on the morphology, proliferation and enzyme activity of intestinal enterocyte cells ...
Kim, Chong-min - - 2009
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary level of whole flaxseed (WFS; 0, 10 and 15%) on performance, carcass characteristics and fatty acid composition of serum and subcutaneous, perirenal, and intramuscular adipose tissues of Korean Hanwoo cattle. The daily gains were not different among treatments. Dietary inclusion ...
Alexandre, G. - - 2009
Forage diets provide good quality carcasses in sheep but very little is known in tropical goats. An experiment was designed with Creole male goats using grass-based systems to assess carcass yield, scores, cuts and composition. After weaning (84 d, 9.2 kg LW) two modes of forage feeding were compared with ...
Hwangbo, Soon - - 2009
This study was carried out to investigate effects of crude protein (CP) levels in total mixed rations (TMR) on growth performance and meat quality in growing Korean black goats. Thirty-six 6-month-old growing black male goats (initial body weight = 17.95+0.13 kg) were used. The goats were randomly divided into four ...
Kraidees, M.S. - - 2009
A trial was conducted to study the effect of supplemental chromium (Cr) levels from a Cr-yeast source on performance, digestibility and carcass characteristics of transport-stressed lambs. Forty-eight Naemi lambs (avg. BW 31.7 kg) were transported by truck for a distance of 1,450 km. On arrival day, the lambs were randomly ...
Kim, J.Y. - - 2009
This study investigated the effects of IGF-I and EGF on the development of blastocysts or hatched blastocysts during the in vitro culture of embryos from immature porcine oocytes. After the in vitro maturation and fertilization of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and their culture in vitro in PZM3 medium, we examined the ...
Warriach, H.M. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to compare the follicular population during spontaneous and [PGF.sub.2[alpha]] induced oestrous cycles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In Exp.1, (n = 13 oestrous cycles) follicular population was monitored using ultrasonography on alternate days. Buffaloes were monitored for ovarian follicles from day 0 (first oestrus) until next ...
Choi, S.G. - - 2009
The separation of X and Y chromosome-bearing sperm is of use in many aspects of livestock maintenance. In this study, we sought to determine the difference in DNA content between X- and Y-bearing sperm, separate sperm into X- and Y-enriched pools, and assess the efficacy of sorting. Sperm collected from ...
Ye, J.-H. - - 2009
The Tibetan Mastiff is one of the most archaic, ferocious and the largest dogs in the world. The Kunming dog is the chief working-dog breed in China. In this study, ten microsatellite loci were used to assess the genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships in six dog breeds, including Tibetan Mastiff, ...
Lee, Dong-Mok - - 2009
In an attempt to understand the biochemical mechanism for the synthesis of the anabolic steroid, 19-nortestosterone, produced by prepubertal boar testes and its physiological role, normalized complementary DNA (cDNA) from boar testes was generated. DNA sequencing of 2,016 randomly selected clones yielded 794,116 base pairs of high quality nucleotide sequence. ...
Qu, L.J. - - 2009
There are currently five primary breeds of Chinese gamecock, the Henan, Luxi, Tulufan, Xishuangbanna and Zhangzhou. Though there is historical evidence of cockfighting in China dating as far back as 2,800 years, the origin and genetic relationships of these breeds are not well understood. We used sequence variation from the ...
Hong, Kyung-Won - - 2009
The Jindo dog is a Korean natural monument and is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale. A prominent feature is the diverse coat color within the breed. To analyze the genetic basis of variation in the Jindo coat color, we sequenced the protein-coding regions of the melanocortin 1 receptor gene ...
Yao, Yuchang - - 2009
Castration of male pig produces significant negative effects on skeletal muscle development. The androgen receptor (AR), two splice variants of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I Ea and MGF) and the myostatin gene may play important roles in this process. In the present study, the expression of AR, IGF-I Ea, MGF and ...
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